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Materia Medica

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 19 Nov 2006 9:35    Onderwerp: Materia Medica Reageer met quote

MATERIA MEDICA
THE MEDICINAL SUBSTANCES ON THE SUPPLY TABLE OF THE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT, UNITED STATES NAVY, AND THEIR PRINCIPAL PROPERTIES, USES, AND DOSAGE.

Voorproefje:

Acacia (gum arabic). A gummy exudation from acacia trees (Acacia senegal, family Leguminosae, Africa and India). Gathered in the form of tears or fragments; supplied in the form of a white granular powder. Used as a demulcent and an emulsifying agent; also as an excipient in the official troches, pills, etc. Nonpoisonous, but constipating.

Acetphenetidinum ( acetphenetidin, phenacetin ) . A phenol derivative prepared by an elaborate process in which phenol is acted upon by nitric acid. White, glistening powder or scales; odorless; tasteless; almost insoluble in water. Antipyretic, analgesic, cardiac depressant. Largely used in headache remedies.

Dose, 0.2 to 0.65 gm. (3 to 10 grains).

Acetylsalicylic Acid (aspirin). An acetic-acid ester of salicylic acid White, crystalline powder. Prepared synthetically by a patented process. Antirheurnatic, analgesic, antipyretic A valuable remedy in the treatment of rheumatic conditions, especially when pain is a symptom; headache and intestinal fermentation; is also diuretic.

Dose, 0.3 to 1.3 gm. (5 to 20 grains ) .

Acidum Aceticum Glaciale (glacial acetic acid, 99 per cent). Now issued in place of the 36 per cent acetic acid, U. S. P. Clear, colorless liquid, having an intensely strong, vlnegarlike, irritating odor; pure acid taste and acid reaction. Made by subjecting oak wood to destructive distillation and purifying the resulting liquid. Rarely used internally, but is largely used for preparing the official vinegars, acetates, and some liniments; also used as a reagent in urinalysis. Acidum

Aceticum Dilutum (diluted acetic acid, U.S.P.) is the official vinegar, and is sometimes given as a diuretic.

Dose of the diluted acetic acid, 4 mils (1 fluidram).

Acidum Benzoicum (benzoic acid, flowers of benzoin). 0btained by subjecting gum benzoin to sublimation and synthetically from the urine of cattle. An ingredient in camphorated tincture of opium. Combined with the alkalis it forms the benzoates, which are used as preservatives and administered to relieve intestinal fermentation. Dose, 0.2 to 0.65 gm. {3 to 0 grains ) .

Acidum Boricum (boric acid, boracic acid). Obtained from sodium borate, which is mined in large quantities in the Pacific States, by decomposition with sulphuric acid, evaporating, crystallizing, and is supplied in the form of a very fine powder. Little used internally. Used externally as a dusting powder and in solution as a cleansing and weakly antiseptic lotion.

Dose, 0.3 to 1 gm. (5 to 15 grains).

Het vervolg is te vinden op:

http://www.vlib.us/medical/pharmacy/matmed.htm
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