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17 november

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Nov 2006 8:17    Onderwerp: 17 november Reageer met quote

Der Weltkrieg am 17. November 1914

DEUTSCHER HEERESBERICHT



Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Günstiger Fortgang des deutsch-russischen Kampfes

Großes Hauptquartier, 17. November, vormittags.
Auch der gestrige Tag verlief auf dem westlichen Kriegsschauplatz im allgemeinen ruhig. Südlich Verdun und nordöstlich Cirey griffen die Franzosen erfolglos an.
Die Operationen auf dem östlichen Kriegsschauplatz nahmen weiter einen günstigen Fortgang, nähere Nachrichten liegen noch nicht vor.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)


Die Gefangennahme des Gouverneurs von Warschau

Berlin, 17. November. (Priv.-Tel.)
Aus Gnesen wird gemeldet: Ein erfreuliches Begleitergebnis hat das unverhofft rasche Vordringen unserer Truppen in Russisch-Polen gehabt. Gestern Vormittag gelang es, den Gouverneur von Warschau, Exzellenz v. Korff, gefangen zu nehmen. Er war mit seinem Adjutanten Hauptmann Fechner früh von Warschau in einem eleganten Privatautomobil abgefahren in der Richtung auf Kutno, ohne Kenntnis davon, daß diese Stadt nach erbittertem Straßenkampf von uns genommen war. Er stieß plötzlich bei Tarnow auf die Kavalleriespitze der Deutschen. Sofort versuchte er umzukehren und zu entkommen, wurde jedoch von einer Abteilung der 9. Metzer Dragoner eingeholt und festgenommen. Der Gouverneur setzte sich nicht zur Wehr und ließ sich ruhig im eigenen Auto unter Begleitung eines Leutnants und eines Dragonergefreiten nach Deutschland abtransportieren. Er kam abends in Gnesen durch, wo er auf Anordnung des Platzkommandanten im Hotel Hensch, dem besten Gasthof der Stadt, für die Nacht untergebracht wurde. Der gefangene Gouverneur ist eine große Gestalt mit weißem Vollbart. Er trug Generalsuniform und Feldmantel und spricht fließend deutsch. Er wollte niemanden sehen, da er nicht in Stimmung sei und seine Nerven durch das Ereignis abgespannt seien. Der Chauffeur, ein Pole, erzählt, daß in Warschau große Angst vor den Deutschen, zumal vor Luftbomben, herrsche; diese hätten großen Schaden angerichtet. Die Stadt sei bereits vom russischen Militär geräumt gewesen. Der Chauffeur, der Zivilist ist, blieb vorläufig auf freiem Fuß, während der Gouverneur und sein Adjutant durch Doppelposten mit Bajonett vor der Zimmertür bewacht wurden. Heute früh erfolgte der Weitertransport. 2)


Die Einnahme von Valjewo

Budapest, 17. November. (Priv.-Tel.)
Nach den vorliegenden Einzelheiten über die Erstürmung von Valjewo wurde die dort aufgestellte serbische Armee infolge des gewaltigen Ansturmes der Unsrigen in zwei Teile zersprengt, von denen der eine über Kolubara zu flüchten versuchte. Diese unter dem Kommando des Generals Sturm stehende Truppe wurde von uns noch vor dem Überschreiten des Flusses umzingelt und geriet zwischen zwei Feuer, wobei ein Teil der Serben in den Fluß stürzte und ein anderer Teil niedergemetzelt wurde, wobei eine sehr große Zahl Geschütze und sehr viel Train in unseren Besitz gelangte. Mit dieser Niederlage war das Schicksal Valjewos entschieden. Bald darauf stürmten unsere Soldaten durch die Straßen Valjewos, wo sich vielfach Bewohner in zumeist heimtückischer Weise an der Verteidigung beteiligten.

Wien, 17. November. (W. B.)
Auf dem südlichen Kriegsschauplatz schoben sich unsere Truppen gestern bis an die Kolubara heran. Diese wurde auch schon mit Teilen überschritten, obwohl sämtliche Brücken vom Gegner zerstört waren. In Valjewo, wo bereits ein höheres Kommando eingetroffen ist, wurden Ruhe und Ordnung rasch hergestellt. Die Stadt wurde von den serbischen Truppen hart mitgenommen. Ein kleineres Kavalleriedetachement machte gestern 300 Gefangene.

Wien, 17. November. (W. B.)
Der Kriegsberichterstatter der "Neuen Freien Presse" meldet, daß sich die Serben nach dem Fall von Valjewo zehn Kilometer weit in der Richtung auf Kragujewatz zurückgezogen haben. Um die neue Stellung tobt ein neuer Kampf. 2)


Belgrad vor dem Fall

Budapest, 17. November. (Priv.-Tel.)
Unsere Truppen nähern sich der Hauptstadt Serbiens immer mehr. Seit Sonntag Nacht wird Belgrad von Semlin aus von unseren schweren Geschützen und auch von unseren Monitoren unaufhörlich beschossen. Nach Aussagen gefangener serbischer Offiziere versucht Prinz Georg die verzweifelten Einwohner zu ermutigen und zum letzten Widerstand anzuspornen. Seit Sonntag Nacht verlassen nach den Berichten unserer Piloten die Bewohner Belgrads fluchtartig die Stadt und ziehen nach Süden. Man glaubt, Belgrad werde nur noch ganz kurze Zeit Widerstand leisten können. 2)


Die japanische Militärvorlage

Aus der Schweiz, 17. November. (Priv.-Tel.)
Aus Tokio wird gemeldet: Am Samstag erklärte Graf Okuma in einer Versammlung der Regierungspartei, die gegen die Heeresverstärkung um 90000 Mann in Friedenszeiten zum
teil opponierte, es habe sich eine Richtung herausgebildet, die Inselpolitik statt Kontinentalpolitik treibe, um zu sparen.
Japan sei aber eine kontinentale Großmacht geworden und könne ohne Verzicht auf die Nationalehre nicht mehr zurück. Trotzdem bestand eine Minderheit auf Ablehnung der Heeresvorlage. 2)


Die neue Kreditforderung der Reichsregierung

Berlin, 17. November (Priv.-Tel.)
In der bevorstehenden Reichstagstagung wird die Regierung die Bewilligung eines neuen Kredits verlangen und zwar soll dieser Kredit nicht im Sinne einer Anleihe beschafft werden, sondern es sollen dafür Reichsschatzscheine ausgegeben werden. Die "B. Z" hört nun, daß die neue Kreditvorlage fünf Milliarden fordern wird. Mit der Zustimmung des Reichstages zu
dieser Kreditvorlage will sich die Regierung die Ermächtigung verschaffen, den Bedarf des Reiches bis zum Ende des Etatsjahres 1914/15, also bis zum 31. März 1915, zu sichern. Damit ist durchaus nicht gesagt, daß das Reich von diesem Kredit ganz oder zu einem größeren Teil Gebrauch machen muß, sondern es handelt sich lediglich um eine Vorsorge; deshalb soll auch vorläufig von einer Anleihe Abstand genommen werden. Die ordentliche finanzielle Regelung des Kriegsbedarfs wird erst im neuen Etat erfolgen, der dem Reichstage voraussichtlich im Februar vorgelegt werden wird. 2)



Der 1. Weltkrieg im November 1914

http://www.stahlgewitter.com/14_11_17.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Nov 2006 8:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1914 : Germans make last stab at Ypres

On November 17, 1914, the German 15th Corps makes a final, desperate attempt to advance against Allied positions in the Ypres Salient, the much-contested region in Flanders, Belgium.

After advancing relatively quickly through Belgium and eastern France during the first weeks of World War I, the Germans were defeated by the Allies in late September 1914 in the Battle of the Marne. The two enemies then began the so-called "Race to the Sea," moving northwards at a hectic pace in order to establish positions with access to the English Channel and the North Sea beyond. On October 19, the Germans launched an offensive aimed at seizing control of Ypres--the fortress city blocking the ports of the English Channel in Flanders--from the British, French and Belgian forces guarding it. For their part, the Allies held fast in their resistance, knowing a defeat would mean the loss of a crucial advantage.

On the last day of October, German cavalry units began a more concentrated attack, kicking the First Battle of Ypres into high gear. Over the next three weeks, the chaotic nature of the fighting only increased its bloody nature, with casualty figures on both sides mounting as the weather grew colder and more blustery. The attempt by the 15th Corps on November 17--which Allied forces repulsed--marked the last movement of the battle, as the Germans thereafter confined themselves to intermittent cannon blasts against the Allied lines. Five days later, amid high winds and blizzards, fighting was suspended completely, and the First Battle of Ypres came to an end after taking the lives of more than 5,000 British and 5,000 German soldiers.

www.historychannel.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 19:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Louvain Posters: German-occupied Belgium during the First World War

Nerincx, A., Poster, 17 November 1914



http://digitalcollections.mcmaster.ca/nerincx-poster-17-november-1914
Louvain Posters: German-Occupied Belgium during the First World War: http://digitalcollections.mcmaster.ca/case-study/louvain-posters-german-occupied-belgium-during-first-world-war
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 19:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

17 November 1914 → Commons Sitting

SOLDIERS' SOCKS.


HC Deb 17 November 1914 vol 68 c326 326

Mr. HOGGE asked why the knitting of socks, etc., by private enterprise was stopped and an appeal subsequently made for hundreds of thousands?

Mr. TENNANT The War Office maintains a sufficient supply of socks for the troops at the front and the knitting of them was not therefore the most useful form the activities of the public could take. It was found, however, that there was so strong a wish on the part of private persons desirous of helping the troops to make and send socks that it became necessary to co-ordinate the efforts, so as to ensure uniformity of supply and proper distribution. The socks sent are extra to and not in diminution of the supply considered necessary by the War Office.

Mr. HOGGE May we rest assured that no soldier at the front will be charged anything for any deficiency in his kit?

Mr. TENNANT Yes, Sir, so far as that kit is part of the vocabulary of the War Office.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1914/nov/17/soldiers-socks
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 19:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Grey River Argus , 17 November 1914, Page 5





http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=GRA19141117.2.21.12
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 19:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Major Warships Sunk in World War 1 - 1914

17 November 1914
Fredrich Carl, German, Prinz Adalbert class Armoured Cruiser
Hits two mines in the Baltic. The ship takes c.5 hours to sink and all except 8 members of the crew are rescued.

http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/sunk14.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 19:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

31 October - 17 November 1914: The First Battle of Ypres

(...) On 12th November and the following days a spasmodic assault was made on the Klein Zillebeke positions, and along the whole line towards Messines. On the 16th an attempt was made on the southern re-entrant, which failed, and the shelling of Ypres continued, till its Cloth Hall and its great Church of St. Martin were in ruins. On the 17th the German 15th Corps made a desperate effort at the same point, but was repulsed. Presently further French re-enforcements came up, and the sorely tried British troops were relieved from the trenches which they had held for four stubborn weeks. The weather had changed to high winds and snow blizzards, and in a tempest the First Battle of Ypres died away. (...)

http://www.gwpda.org/1914/ypres1.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 19:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Major Warships Sunk in World War 1 - 1914

17 November 1914
Fredrich Carl, German, Prinz Adalbert class Armoured Cruiser
Hits two mines in the Baltic. The ship takes c.5 hours to sink and all except 8 members of the crew are rescued.

http://www.worldwar1.co.uk/sunk14.htm
Zie ook http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SMS_Friedrich_Carl
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 19:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

An announcement in the London Gazette dated 23rd August 1915 awarded the Victoria Cross to:



Captain John Fitzhardinge Paul Butler, The King’s Royal Rifle Corps, attached Pioneer Company, Gold Coast Regiment, West African Frontier Force.

For most conspicuous bravery in the Cameroons, West Africa.

On 17th November 1914, with a party of 13 men, he went into the thick bush and at once attacked the enemy, in strength about 100, including several Europeans, defeated them, and captured their machine gun and several loads of ammunition.

On 27th December 1914, when on patrol duty, with a few men, he swam the Ekam River, alone and in the face of a brisk fire, completed his reconnaissance on the further bank, and returned in safety. Two of his men were wounded while he was actually in the water.

Captain Butler was also awarded a Distinguished Service Order for his service in the Cameroons. Sadly he did not survive the war

http://www.kaiserscross.com/188001/264701.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 19:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Medal of Honor Recipients - Haiti Campaign — 1915



BUTLER, SMEDLEY DARLINGTON (Second Award)
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 30 July 1881, West Chester, Pa. Appointed from: Pennsylvania. Other Navy awards: Second Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Medal. Citation: As Commanding Officer of detachments from the 5th, 13th, 23d Companies and the marine and sailor detachment from the U.S.S. Connecticut, Maj. Butler led the attack on Fort Riviere, Haiti, 17 November 1915. Following a concentrated drive, several different detachments of marines gradually closed in on the old French bastion fort in an effort to cut off all avenues of retreat for the Caco bandits. Reaching the fort on the southern side where there was a small opening in the wall, Maj. Butler gave the signal to attack and marines from the 15th Company poured through the breach, engaged the Cacos in hand-to-hand combat, took the bastion and crushed the Caco resistance. Throughout this perilous action, Maj. Butler was conspicuous for his bravery and forceful leadership.

GROSS, SAMUEL
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Marine Corps, 23d Co. (Real name is Marguiles, Samuel.) Born: 9 May 1891, Philadelphia, Pa. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. Citation: In company with members of the 5th, 13th, 23d Companies and the marine and sailor detachment from the U.S.S. Connecticut, Gross participated in the attack on Fort Riviere, Haiti, 17 November 1915. Following a concentrated drive, several different detachments of marines gradually closed in on the old French bastion fort in an effort to cut off all avenues of retreat for the Caco bandits. Approaching a breach in the wall which was the only entrance to the fort, Gross was the second man to pass through the breach in the face of constant fire from the Cacos and, thereafter, for a 10-minute period, engaged the enemy in desperate hand-to-hand combat until the bastion was captured and Caco resistance neutralized.

IAMS, ROSS LINDSEY
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, 5th Co. Born: 5 May 1879, Graysville, Pa. Accredited to: Pennsylvania. Citation: In company with members of the 5th, 13th, 23d Companies and marine and sailor detachment from the U.S.S. Connecticut, Sgt. Iams participated in the attack on Fort Riviere, Haiti, 17 November 1915. Following a concentrated drive, several different detachments of marines gradually closed in on the old French bastion fort in an effort to cut off all avenues of retreat for the Caco bandits. Approaching a breach in the wall which was the only entrance to the fort, Sgt. Iams unhesitatingly jumped through the breach despite constant fire from the Cacos and engaged the enemy in a desperate hand-to-hand combat until the bastion was captured and Caco resistance neutralized.

http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/haiti1915.html

Fort Riviere

Fort Riviere was a mountain fort on the summit of Montagne Noire, on the north coast of Haiti, located to the south of Grande-Rivière-du-Nord and 20 miles south of Cap-Haïtien. An old French bastion fort, it was the site of the 17 November 1915 overwhelming and quick defeat of the Haitian rebel force called the Cacos.



Lees verder op http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Riviere
Zie ook http://www.burnpit.us/2010/11/battle-of-fort-riviere-u-s-marines-capture-haitian-rebel-stronghold/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 19:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Events of the Gallipoli Campaign

17 November 1915 - A gale smashed landing piers at Helles and Anzac. Captain Pawson, the Military Landing Officer at Helles, wrote:

All along the beach above the roar of the waves could be heard the crash of the great barges as the sea hurled them again and again against the shore.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/timelines/100-events-gallipoli-campaign/november-december-1915.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Brodie helmet

The Brodie helmet, called Helmet, steel, Mark I helmet in Britain and the M1917 Helmet in the U.S., was a steel combat helmet designed and patented in 1915 by the Briton John L. Brodie. Colloquially, it was also called the shrapnel helmet, Tommy helmet, or Tin Hat, and in the United States known as a doughboy helmet.



Description: Illustrated War News Nov 1915, picture of officers wearing new Brodie helmets. Original image from "Illustrated War News" - Nov 17 1915

The Text reads : Head-wounds have been more than usually numerous during the war, owing to the trench-fighting, and more than usually severe, owing to the extensive use of shrapnel. But the danger, although it cannot be avoided, can be minimised. Our Army has now followed the French by adopting steel helmets, calculated to stop shell-splinters and shrapnel. Even in cases of extreme risk, not only has death been avoided, but injuries have been confined to bruises or superficial wounds. Cases have occurred in which the wearers have been hit, but saved by these helmets from what without them would have meant certain death. The fur coats, as they did last year, mean mitigation of the rigours of winter. The French helmets are known as "Adrians," after their inventor, — (Photo by Illustrations Harrow).

Date: November 1915(1915-11)

Source: "Illustrated War News" - Nov 17 1915.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ilwarnews_brodie.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

LIST OF HOSPITAL SHIPS DESTROYED BY SUBMARINES OR MINES

From the Official History of the Great War, Medical Services General History, Appendix C, Volume 1

H.S. "ANGLIA."- Mined off Dover on 17th November, 1915, in the afternoon; 14 officers and 374 men, sick and wounded on board; 9 officers and 244 men were saved by destroyers, patrol boats. etc.; 5 officers and 128 men were lost, also 1 sister and 9 men of the R.A.M.C. staff.

Lees verder op http://www.vlib.us/medical/hospships.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Siegfried Sassoon's manuscripts go online
Alison Flood, guardian.co.uk, 11 November 2009

The first ever online collection of the manuscripts, photos and letters of Siegfried Sassoon, launched this Armistice day, focuses on his war poetry



"Write again, write again. I'm not dead yet. I've got weeks and weeks to live," writes Siegfried Sassoon in a letter from France in 1918, made available online today by Oxford University to mark this year's Armistice day.

In the letter to his friend Robert Nichols, Sassoon writes "what a pity it is that we can't change places for a fortnight. Here am I, aching for a quiet house to hide in and get poems off my chest". A new poem by Nichols "doesn't stir [Sassoon] greatly", with the occasional phrase such as "starlight's sheen" giving him "faint discomfort". Sassoon attributes this to a meeting with his fellow poet Robert Graves – "since I met R Graves I've been warned off so many poetical epithets," he writes.

The war poet also comments on a new sonnet by Wilfred Owen – "dear little Wilfred" – which is "not up to his form". Sassoon met Owen in Craiglockhart war hospital near Edinburgh in 1917, where he was sent to be treated for neurasthenia after writing his "declaration against the war". Graves had been instrumental in Sassoon's move to Craiglockhart, fearing the declaration would lead the poet to be court-martialled.

"I have faith in him," Sassoon says of Owen. "He will do well if you and RG look after him, and stop him writing preciosities ... Have you seen him yet? Craiglockhart gave me two friends – he, and Rivers [the psychiatrist WHR Rivers], whom I adore."

The letter is included in the first ever online collection of the manuscripts of Sassoon, which was launched today. It focuses on his war poetry with manuscripts of poems such as "The General" and "Died of Wounds" as well as photographs and letters. The Nichols letter includes a draft of Sassoon's poem "I Stood With the Dead".

"Here's my only poem for ages – is it any good?" he asks, before launching into "I stood with the Dead, so forsaken and still / when dawn was grey I stood with the Dead - / and my slow heart said, 'you must kill; you must kill; / 'Soldier, soldier; morning is red.'"

Reassembled from collections around the world, the Sassoon manuscripts show the corrections and changes the poet made to his poems, including manuscript variants of his anthologies The Old Huntsman (1917), Counter-Attack (1918), and Picture Show (1919). He scores a dark line through a repetition of the line "And war's a bloody game" in the poem "Aftermath", underlining "Have you forgotten yet? … / Look up, and swear by the green of the spring that you'll never forget."

"It is fascinating being able to see the corrections and crossings-out he made to the manuscripts. It is invaluable to researchers studying the literature of the war and provides a rich resource to enhance both teaching and learning of the period," said Dr Stuart Lee , the director of the archive.

Sassoon's biographer Lord Max Egremont added that "to see such impressive images of these original manuscripts of poems and letters is both moving and salutary – a reminder of the poets' ordeal and the power of their writing".

Sassoon joined his battalion in France on 17 November 1915, securing a frontline placement in March 1916 and receiving a Military Cross for his actions during a raid in May 1916. In April 1917 he was wounded by a sniper and, during his recovery in England, wrote his "declaration against the war".

"I believe that this war, on which I entered as a war of defence and liberation, has now become a war of aggression and conquest," he wrote. "I have seen and endured the sufferings of the troops, and I can no longer be a party to prolong these sufferings for ends which I believe to be evil and unjust. I am not protesting against the conduct of the war, but against the political errors and insincerities for which the fighting men are being sacrificed. On behalf of those who are suffering now I make this protest against the deception which is being practised on them; also I believe that I may help to destroy the callous complacency with which the majority of those at home regard the contrivance of agonies which they do not, and which they have not sufficient imagination to realise."

Sassoon was sent to serve in Palestine in February 1918, but by May was back in France, and was later shot in the head after he was mistaken for a German by a sentry from his own company. He died aged 80 in 1967.

The collection can be viewed online here: oucs.ox.ac.uk/ww1lit/collections/sassoon.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2009/nov/11/sassoon-manuscripts-online
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Life Saving Guards

The Life Saving Guards were inaugurated Mrs General Booth on 17 November 1915 with the aim of providing enrichment for the body, mind and spirit of its members.

The uniform was grey and red, brigades were divided into patrols and were under the direction of a Guard Leader. Each girl worked to become a second class and then a first class guard. After this there was a further honour to be achieved - the General's tassle which was altered to the General's Guard Award (a medal) in 1954.

There were also a large number of badges which could be worked for such as First Aid, Athlete, Hostess etc and these were worn on the arm of the uniform.

Guard troops met weekly and often included camping in their programmes.

http://www2.salvationarmy.org.uk/uki/www_uki_ihc.nsf/stc-vw-sublinks/303480286DE9C9CC8025704D004447D3?openDocument
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Accrington Pals - Trench Raid of 17th-18th November 1916

Orders for the raid (1): http://www.pals.org.uk/images/order90.pdf

Friday 17th November 1916 had been a generally clear, if cold, day. At 6.30pm, darkness having descended over the Somme battlefield, 31st Division artillery opened fire over a 2,000yds (1.8km) stretch of the enemy front line. The burst of fire lasted just 45 seconds. At 8pm, another 45-second burst of artillery fire broke over the enemy front line.

Shortly before 9pm, a raiding party of 1 officer and 55 other ranks from the 11th Bn. East Lancashire Regt. (Accrington Pals) scrambled into No Man's Land 1,200yds (1.1km) north-west of Serre and took up position close to the British wire. Both flanks were protected by covering parties, each of which comprised at least 20 other ranks and a Lewis gun.



At 9pm - with the enemy hopefully by now accustomed to short bursts of artillery fire followed without incident - the divisional artillery again opened fire on the enemy front line. Forty five seconds later, the artillery fire was checked, then diverted to form a pocket around the intended point-of-entry. (2) At the same time, the raiding party rushed forward. Their orders were to identify the units holding the enemy line.

Unfortunately, there seems to be no record of what followed, other than that the raiding party failed to enter the enemy trenches. (3) Most likely the enemy were not after all taken by surprise and the raiding party ran into heavy fire.

Four men from the battalion were posted as having been killed in action on either 17th or 18th November: Ptes. John Clapham, Herbert Hartley, John Wadsworth and Fred Westwell. None has a known grave, and all are commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. It must be likely that all four lost their lives during the overnight raid.

Notes
(1) Crown copyright: The National Archives WO95/2363. This document may be copied and downloaded for personal and research use only. You must apply to The National Archives for permission for any other use.
(2) The intended point-of-entry was at map reference 57dNE3 (Hebuterne) K.23.b.6.0.
(3) The copies of the battalion war diary held at The National Archives (WO95/2366) and the Queen's Lancashire Regiment Museum inexplicably make no mention of the trench raid. It may be that one or more pages have been lost from the diary. The war diary of 31st Division (WO95/2341) records only that the attempt to enter the enemy trenches failed.


http://www.pals.org.uk/trenchraid1.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Western Front Today - Newfoundland Memorial, Gueudecourt

One of five Caribou memorials erected by the Newfoundland government following the First World War (the most famous of which is at Beaumont-Hamel), they are today maintained by the Canadian government following Newfoundland's union with Canada in 1949.

The Gueudecourt memorial stands on the British front line of 17 November 1916 as it stood at the close of the Somme Offensive launched on 1 July 1916. Clearly visible to the left of the caribou is a preserved trench line.

The area in which the memorial stands was seized by Newfoundland troops from the Germans on 12 October 1916.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/today/gueudecourtmemorial.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

THE WARTIME LETTERS OF LESLIE & CECIL FROST 1915-1919



The following is a review by Dr. Elwood Jones, published in Trent Valley Gazette, August 2007

"Marjorie Porter remembered the letters of her father and her uncle as joyful, and quite a contrast to the bleakness of some war memories. Thanks to the deft editorial work of Rae B. Fleming, we have a chance to experience the war as it seemed for Leslie and Cecil Frost. Her uncle, Leslie Frost, was the premier of Ontario during the 1950s, and was the first chancellor of Trent University in Peterborough. Her father, Cecil, loved politics as well, and the two of them helped make the Conservatives extremely popular in the former Victoria County. Orillia and Lindsay were the poles of their political lives. This book allows us to glimpse how much their view of rural Ontario was defined before 1914, how much was redefined in the blast furnaces of war, and how much was changed by the more relaxed life styles of post-war Ontario.

"Leslie and Cecil are great letter writers, and the originals of these letters have been in the Trent University Archives since 1971. The letters are illuminating and fascinating, and take us every step that the brothers followed. Their wartime lives, perhaps like their subsequent lives, ran in parallel tracks that interconnected more frequently than one would expect. As captivating as that might be, this book offers much more. Rae Fleming is aware that the editor needs to re-create the environment in which the letters were written. We need to know about Orillia, where the mother and father had a downtown jewelry store. We need to know about temperance and religion that defined the politics of rural Ontario. We need to know about the ambitions and ideas of Leslie Frost, and his brother. We need to know why it was important to fight in this war, and what people thought they were achieving.

"This is a delightful book with rich insights that I read and traversed in a single sitting. The writing is that good. The editorial introduction is fast-paced and covers all the ground that was needed. Then we have the treat of a second introduction written by Thomas H. B. Symons, who knew Frost very well as both played key roles in the founding of Trent University. As well as the letters from the brothers, we have too few letters from the parents. As well, Leslie Frost added comments to the letters after he retired from politics and became an adept historian of this area. Fleming has added a useful commentary on names mentioned in the letters.

"The book has some apt illustrations, tending to suggest that the Frost brothers are representative of the Canadian war experience. He comments on the fiscal conservatism of the period, but also suggests that the British belief in superiority had unsavory aspects, such as racism. Great visions were touched with narrow-mindedness. We do not have to agree with all the observations. Fleming raises many ideas and reflections, flowing out of his close reading of the letters, and lets us see the ways in which letters from a narrow slice of time, really four years, cast light on a century of Ontario thinking.

"The letters themselves are generally superb. The Frosts were evidently a family that only talked when they had something to say, and they did not talk about things that would upset others. As Fleming points out very clearly, the letters do not detail the loss of life, or the violence of battles. Leslie and Cecil were nearly silent on the role of drinking in the lives of soldiers, for their parents were strong temperance people, and no one drank or smoked in their homes.

"Many letters are worth reading again. Of the letters written by Leslie, I really liked one dated 17 November 1916. His letter to his parents opens with metaphors about epidemics, partly because Orillia was experiencing a typhoid epidemic. He then described how he spent a seven-day leave. He was in London for an interesting parliamentary debate on the Irish. He met Cecil in London and they took the "Flying Scotsman" to Edinburgh and to Melrose Abbey, of Sir Walter Scott fame. They visited York and struck up a friendship with a Glasgow broker, and back to London for another visit at the House of Commons. He then gave a remarkable defense of Sir Sam Hughes, who had just resigned. Leslie favoured a Canadian Expeditionary Force and had critical remarks about English officers of the new armies. He thought Sir Robert Borden was a bit like Woodrow Wilson, both "watchful waiting." Canada would be wise to raise and run its own armies; it is okay to support Imperialism in Canada, but in England, Canadians were treated as inferiors. What a spectacular letter! However, many other letters are equally informative about what it was like where the sons were, in England, in France or Belgium, or in hospital.

"Rae Fleming is a superb editor. He found ways to let the letters speak for themselves. However, by clever use of the introduction, the informative chapter endnotes, and the appendix on names, he opens a world of insight.

"As I read the book, I was struck by the different ways in which archives can open past worlds to those who take the time. At the Trent Valley Archives, we have a collection of photographs taken on the Western front in 1917 and 1918. We have some letters from World War II veterans, and newspapers. But the letters in this volume seem more literate and more substantive than others that are written home. Maybe we need more historians shining lights in such dark places.

"Rae Fleming is a member of the Trent Valley Archives and we are selling this excellent book. We believe that family history is enriched when placed in context, and Fleming proves the proposition admirably."

http://www.rbfleming.net/frost.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Lt Col Charles Macnaghten, CMG, The Duntroon deserter

(...) He made his way to Queensland and enlisted as a private in the 23rd Reinforcements of the 9th Battalion. Giving his name as Ciam Macmilville, he was allocated the regimental number of 7101 and sailed for France on HMAT Kyarra on 17 November 1916. (...)

Móóie PDF! http://www.anzacday.org.au/justsoldiers/macnaghten.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Action of 17 November 1917

The Action of 17 November 1917 was a naval battle of the First World War. The action was fought between a German U-boat and two United States Navy destroyers in the North Atlantic Ocean. (...)

Based out of Queenstown, Ireland, USS Fanning and her sister destroyer USS Nicholson patrolled the eastern waters of the Atlantic Ocean. Their mission was to escort convoys and rescue survivors of sunken merchant ships as well as to seek out and destroy German U-boats. While escorting the eight vessel convoy OQ-20 eastbound, the two destroyers made contact with an enemy submarine

With Arthur S. Carpender commanding, at 4:110 on November 17, 1917, Coxswain Daniel David Loomis of the Fanning sighted U-58, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Gustav Amberger, when the U-boat had surfaced to extend her periscope. The German submarine lined up for a shot at the British merchant steamer SS Welshman. Almost immediately Officer of the Deck Lieutenant William O. Henry ordered the destroyer to make circles and engage.

At 4:00 Fanning dropped three depth charges, scoring a hit which shook up the U-boat well. Then USS Nicholson joined in the fighting, commanded by Frank Berrien, and dropped another depth charge herself. U-58 surfaced again and the Americans spotted her conning tower with officers on deck and a crew manning the deck gun. Fanning engaged with her stern gun and fired three shots then Nicholson began firing with her bow gun and at lest one shot struch the U-boat. The Germans fired from the deck gun but none of their shots met their targets. By 4:30 the Germans sailors surrendered and came out on deck, hands raised in the air. American fire had hit the submarine near it's diving planes, making the ship unmanueverable.

The German commander ordered the ballast tanks blown and the submarine went up. Charges also knocked out the main generator aboard the Fanning. If U-58 had surfaced in a battle ready position, Fanning would have surely been attacked and possibly sunk. The German submariners surrendered and Fanning maneuvered to take prisoners. That ended the action with a U.S. victory.

The Fanning and Nicholson's sinking of U-58 was one of only a few engagements of the Great War in which U.S. Navy warships sank an enemy submarine. Also the first time U.S. ships sank a submarine in combat. Lieutenant William O. Henry and Coxswain Daniel Lommis both received a Navy Cross for their actions during their encounter with U-58.

Fanning and Nicholson continued the war escorting and patrolling the North Atlantic, making several more inconclusive contacts with German submarines. Thirty-eight of the 40 crew members of the U-58 survived to become prisoners of war in the United States

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_of_17_November_1917
Het artikel in de NY Times, december 1917: http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9B07E7D71E3AE433A25753C3A9649D946696D6CF
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Evening Post, Volume XCIV, Issue 120, 17 November 1917, Page 7





http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=EP19171117.2.38.12
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

John Henry Carless



John Henry Carless VC (11 November 1896 – 17 November 1917) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces, during the First World War.

Carless was born on 11 November 1896 to John Thomas and Elizabeth Carless, of Walsall. He died when he was 21 years old, and an Ordinary Seaman in the Royal Navy during WWI. He was awarded the VC for his actions on 17 November 1917 at the Second Battle of Heligoland Bight, Germany, which led to his death.

Citation: For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty. Although mortally wounded in the abdomen, he still went on serving the gun at which he was acting as rammer, lifting a projectile and helping to clear away the other casualties. He collapsed once, but got up, tried again, and cheered on the new gun's crew. He then fell and died. He not only set a very inspiring and memorable example, but he also, whilst mortally wounded, continued to do effective work against the King's enemies.
—The London Gazette, No. 30687, 17 May 1918

In December 2009, a memorial plaque to Carless and two other recipients of the Victoria Cross, James Thompson and Charles George Bonner, was unveiled at the Town Hall in Walsall, England

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Carless,_jh.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Nebi Samwil, 17-24 November 1917

The battle of Nebi Samwil, 17-24 November 1917, was the first British attempt to capture Jerusalem during their 1917 invasion of Palestine. The battle of Junction Station (13-14 November) had effectively split the Turkish army in Palestine in two by capturing the railway west of Jerusalem. General Allenby’s British army was west of Jerusalem. The British held the coastal plan towards Jaffa, the railway up to and beyond Ramleh and Ludd, and had advanced east toward Latron.

The Turkish Eighth Army was on the coast plain north of the British position, and could rely on the main railway for supplies. The Seventh Army was at Jerusalem. All supplies had to come over poor roads from Nablus, forty miles to the north, or from Amman, on the Hejaz Railway, fifth miles to the east.

Allenby had originally planned to halt after capturing Junction Station, to allow his logistical support to catch up with the rapid advance from Gaza. Instead, faced with an apparently demoralised opponent he decided to make an attempt to capture Jerusalem. It was always going to be a difficult operation. The Judean Mountains provided the Turks with a series of ideal defensive positions, while the British lacked good maps, and were moving ever further away from their own railhead at Deir Sineid, just to the north east of Gaza.

Allenby’s first plan was for a cavalry advance into the hill. The infantry of XXI corps, with the help of the Anzac Mounted Division and the Imperial Camel Corps Brigade would hold the coastal plains, while the Australian Cavalry Division and the Yeomanry Mounted Division would mount the attack.

This plan lasted for one day. On 18 November the cavalry attacked Latron, the most westerly of the Turkish positions, and suffered heavily. In response Allenby modified his plan to use two infantry divisions in the attack on Jerusalem, with the cavalry in support. It was hoped to swing around Jerusalem to the north, cutting the road to Nablus. This would force the Turks to abandon Jerusalem before they were entirely cut off.

The new attack began on 19 November. On the same day the winter rains began. Transport was difficult on the narrow roads of the area, and artillery support was limited or non-existent away from those roads. Some progress was made, and on 21 November the British captured the hill of Nebi Samwil, north west of Jerusalem, from where they could see into Jerusalem. This was the furthest point reached. Attempts to make progress east towards the Nablus road all failed, and on 24 November General Allenby called off the offensive.

Although Jerusalem had not been captured, this first offensive had pushed the Turkish line back from Latron, nearly fifteen miles outside Jerusalem, to Nebi Samwil, only five miles to the north west of the city. Over the next two weeks the Turks launched a series of counterattacks against the British positions, causing a number of small scale crisis along the line north west of Jerusalem, but at heavy cost. When the British launched their next attack on Jerusalem (7-9 December) the city fell surprisingly easily.

Rickard, J (3 September 2007), Battle of Nebi Samwil, 18-24 November 1917 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_nebi_samwil.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 20:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Auguste Rodin



Auguste Rodin, French sculptor renowned for his realistic treatment of the human figure, dies in Meudon, France (77).

http://encyclopedia.farlex.com/November+17
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 21:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

President Wilson on the Armistice, 17 November 1918

The Allies' armistice terms were first presented to German negotiators on 8 November 1918; alarmed at the severity of the terms the Germans lodged formal protests before reluctantly signing revised terms at 5 a.m. on 11 November; the armistice was to come into effect six hours later, at 11 a.m.

President Wilson shortly afterwards announced details of the armistice to Congress, and further celebrated the agreement in a Thanksgiving Address (reproduced below) at the close of the month.

President Wilson on the Armistice, 17 November 1918

It has long been our custom to turn in the autumn of the year in praise and thanksgiving to Almighty God for His many blessings and mercies to us as a nation.

This year we have special and moving cause to be grateful and to rejoice. God has in His good pleasure given us peace. It has not come as a mere cessation of arms, a relief from the strain and tragedy of war. It has come as a great triumph of Right.

Complete victory has brought us, not peace alone, but the confident promise of a new day as well, in which justice shall replace force and jealous intrigue among the nations.

Our gallant armies have participated in a triumph which is not marred or stained by any purpose of selfish aggression. In a righteous cause they have won immortal glory and have nobly served their nation in serving mankind. God has indeed been gracious.

We have cause for such rejoicing as revives and strengthens in us all the best traditions of our national history. A new day shines about us, in which our hearts take new courage and look forward with new hope to new and greater duties.

While we render thanks for these things, let us not forget to seek the Divine guidance in the performance of those duties, and Divine mercy and forgiveness for all errors of act or purpose, and pray that in all that we do we shall strengthen the ties of friendship and mutual respect upon which we must assist to build the new structure of peace and goodwill among the nations.

Source Records of the Great War, Vol. VI, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923, http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/armistice_wilson2.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 21:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Selected November Dates of Marine Corps Historical Significance

17 November 1918: The 4th Marine Brigade, as part of the 2d Division, American Expeditionary Force, began its march to the Rhine River, passing through Belgium and Luxembourg, as part of the American forces occupying a defeated Germany.

http://www.tecom.usmc.mil/HD/This_Month_History/11_November.htm

Earl Hancock Ellis - Lieutenant Colonel, United States Marine Corps

(...) On 17 November 1918, Ellis was among those who commenced the march to the Rhine River, crossed the Rhine on 13 December 1918, and into the Coblenz Bridgehead Area, Germany. (...)

Lees verder op http://www.arlingtoncemetery.net/ehellis.htm
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Lieutenant-Colonel Rollet entering Chateau-Salins, Moselle, France, 17 November 1918



http://www.nordicphotos.com/EN/Details/3743049
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Heron

Departing Boston 17 November 1918, Heron performed experimental mine sweeping work until 8 March 1919, when she returned to Boston to be fitted out for foreign duty. She departed Provlncetown and sailed for Kirk-wall, Orkney Islands to participate in mine sweeping in the North Sea. She remained in the area for 7 months helping to remove the countless mines laid there during World War I.

http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/h5/heron-i.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 21:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter from Sigmund Freud to Sándor Ferenczi, November 17, 1918

Vienna, November 17, 1918
IX., Berggasse 19

Dear friend,

(...) Of our concerns the greatest, most difficult one seems superfluous. Germany is not becoming Bolshevist, but rather is continuing to develop sensibly and will have overcome the most difficult thing with the Hohenzollern inheritance of the organization. On the other hand, nothing seems to be helping us. The Habsburgs have left behind nothing but a pile of crap. It is quiet here, except for the railway stations, but nothing else is working. (...)

http://www.pep-web.org/document.php?id=zbk.026.0311a
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 21:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

17 November 1919 → Written Answers (Commons)

UNDER-AGE SOLDIER.


HC Deb 17 November 1919 vol 121 c640W 640W

Mr. R. M'NEILL asked the Secretary of State for War if he is aware that Private Alfred Frederick Arnold, who enlisted in the Buffs on the 7th April, 1919, is a boy of seventeen years and five months, and that he enlisted without the consent and against the wishes of his guardian; and if, under these circumstances, instructions will be given for the immediate discharge of Arnold from the Army?

Mr. CHURCHILL I am not aware of the circumstances of this case, but inquiries are being made, and my hon. Friend will be informed of the result as soon as possible.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1919/nov/17/under-age-soldier
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Nov 2010 21:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Evening Post, Volume XCVIII, Issue 119, 17 November 1919, Page 8





http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=EP19191117.2.127
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