Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog
Hét WO1-forum voor Nederland en Vlaanderen
 
 FAQFAQ   ZoekenZoeken   GebruikerslijstGebruikerslijst   WikiWiki   RegistreerRegistreer 
 ProfielProfiel   Log in om je privé berichten te bekijkenLog in om je privé berichten te bekijken   InloggenInloggen   Actieve TopicsActieve Topics 

10 november

 
Plaats nieuw bericht   Plaats Reactie    Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index -> Wat gebeurde er vandaag... Actieve Topics
Vorige onderwerp :: Volgende onderwerp  
Auteur Bericht
Yvonne
Admin


Geregistreerd op: 2-2-2005
Berichten: 45653

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Nov 2006 8:45    Onderwerp: 10 november Reageer met quote

10 november 1918


Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Rückzugsbewegungen zwischen Schelde und Maas

Großes Hauptquartier, 10. November.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Zwischen der Schelde und der Maas ist der Feind gestern unseren Bewegungen über Bonsec-Leuze-St. Ghislain-Maubeuge-Trelon und über die Sarmonne westlich von Charleville gefolgt. Auf den östlichen Maashöhen und in der Ebene von Woevre wurden mehrfache Vorstöße der Amerikaner abgewiesen.

Der Erste Generalquartiermeister
Gröner. 1)


Bildung der Regierung Ebert-Haase – "Rat der Volksbeauftragten"
Ebert
Ebert Haase
Haase Scheidemann
Scheidemann

Berlin, 10. November.
Nach der Versammlung im Zirkus Busch tagte das politische Kabinett und konstituierte sich als Körperschaft mit gleichen Rechten als Rat der Volksbeauftragten. Den Vorsitz führen Ebert und Haase mit gleichen Rechten. Über die Besetzung der fachmännischen Ministerien hat der Rat der Volksbeauftragten Beratungen gepflogen, die noch nicht zum Abschluß gekommen sind.

Berlin, 10. November.
Die Regierung ist perfekt. Die Verhandlungen zwischen der Sozialdemokratischen Partei und der Unabhängigen Sozialdemokratie zwecks Bildung einer gemeinsamen Regierung sind soeben zum Abschluß gelangt.
Der Vorstand der Unabhängigen Sozialdemokratischen Partei hat an den Vorstand der Sozialdemokratischen Partei ein Schreiben gerichtet, das die Bedingungen für den Eintritt der Unabhängigen Sozialdemokratie in das Kabinett enthält.
Die Sozialdemokratische Partei hat die in diesem Schreiben vorgelegten Bedingungen angenommen, worauf die Unabhängige Sozialdemokratische Partei ihre Zustimmung zum Eintritt in das Kabinett erklärte. Die Sozialdemokratische Partei hat die Abgeordneten Ebert, Landsberg und Scheidemann als Minister in Aussicht genommen. Das Kabinett wird also aus Barth, Dittmann, Ebert, Haase, Landsberg und Scheidemann bestehen.


Wilhelm II. in Holland

Berlin, 10. November.
Der Kaiser ist mit zehn Herren Gefolge in Arnheim in Holland eingetroffen und wird dort in der Villa des Baron Bentinck Wohnung nehmen.

Amsterdam, 10. November.
Holländische Blätter melden: Heute früh 7 Uhr trafen in Eysden auf der Straße von Visse her zehn Autos mit kaiserlichen Wappen ein. Die Insassen waren: der Kaiser, der Kronprinz, höhere Offiziere und Hofwürdenträger, im ganzen 51 Personen. Sie verließen Spaa um 5 Uhr morgens und fuhren über Verviers und Battice. Um 8 Uhr morgens traf in Eysden ein Hofzug mit den Archiven und dem Personal des Großen Hauptquartiers ein. Die Autos wurden auf Waggons geladen, und mit der Eisenbahn setzten der Kaiser und sein Gefolge die Reise in nördlicher Richtung fort.


Die Waffenstillstandsbedingungen

Berlin, 10. November.
Folgendes ist ein Auszug aus den Waffenstillstandsbedingungen:
1. Inkrafttreten 6 Stunden nach Unterzeichnung.
2. Sofortige Räumung von Belgien, Frankreich, Elsaß-Lothringen binnen 14 Tagen. Was an Truppen nach dieser Zeit übrigbleibt, interniert oder kriegsgefangen.
3. Abzugeben 5000 Kanonen, zunächst schwere, 30000 Maschinengewehre, 3000 Minenwerfer, 2000 Flugzeuge.
4. Räumung des linken Rheinufers, Mainz, Koblenz, Köln besetzt vom Feind auf Radius von 30 Kilometern Tiefe.
5. Auf rechtem Rheinufer 30 bis 40 Kilometer Tiefe neutrale Zone, Räumung in 11 Tagen.
6. Auf linkem Rheinufergebiet nichts hinwegführen, alle Fabriken, Eisenbahnen usw. intakt belassen.
7. 5000 Lokomotiven, 150000 Waggons, 10000 Kraftwagen abgeben.
8. Unterhalt der feindlichen Besatzungstruppen durch Deutschland.
9. Im Osten alle Truppen hinter Grenze vom 1. 8. 1914 zurücknehmen, Termin dafür nicht angegeben.
10. Verzicht auf Verträge von Brest-Litowsk und Bukarest.
11. Bedingungslose Kapitulation von Ostafrika.
12. Rückgabe des Standes der Belgischen Bank, des russischen und rumänischen Goldes.
13. Rückgabe der Kriegsgefangenen ohne Gegenseitigkeit.
14. Abgabe von 160 U-Booten, 8 leichten Kreuzern, 6 Dreadnoughts; die übrigen Schiffe desarmiert und überwacht von Alliierten in neutralen oder alliierten Häfen.
15. Sicherheit der freien Durchfahrt durch das Kattegat; Wegräumung der Minenfelder und Besetzung aller Forts und Batterien, von denen aus diese Durchfahrt gehindert werden könnte.
16. Blockade bleibt bestehen. Deutsche Schiffe dürfen weiter gekapert werden.
17. Alle von Deutschland für Neutrale verhängten Beschränkungen der Schiffahrt werden aufgehoben.
18. Waffenstillstand dauert 30 Tage.


Eine Note an Wilson um Milderung der Bedingungen

Berlin, 10. November. (Amtlich.)
Heute morgen fand eine Besprechung der Staatssekretäre statt. Nach Bekanntgabe der Bedingungen des Waffenstillstandes wurden die Bedingungen angenommen. Entsprechende Weisungen sind der Friedensdelegation gegeben worden.
Heute nacht ist folgende Note an den Staatssekretär Lansing nach Washington gefunkt worden:
Herr Staatssekretär. Überzeugt von der Gemeinsamkeit der demokratischen Ziele und Ideale hat sich die deutsche Regierung an den Herrn Präsidenten der Vereinigten Staaten mit der Bitte gewandt, den Frieden wiederherzustellen. Dieser Friede sollte den Grundsätzen entsprechen, zu denen Präsident Wilson sich stets bekannt hat. Er sollte eine gerechte Lösung aller strittigen Fragen und eine dauernde Versöhnung der Völker zum Zwecke haben. Der Präsident hat ferner erklärt, daß er nicht mit dem deutschen Volke Krieg führen und es in seiner friedlichen Entwicklung nicht behindern wolle.
Die deutsche Regierung hat die Bedingungen für den Waffenstillstand erhalten.
Nach einer Blockade von 50 Monaten würden diese Bedingungen, insbesondere die Abgabe der Verkehrsmittel und die Unterhaltung der Besatzungstruppen bei gleichzeitiger Fortdauer der Blockade, die Ernährungslage Deutschlands zu einer verzweifelten gestalten und den Hungertod von Millionen Männern, Frauen und Kindern bedeuten.
Wir mußten die Bedingungen annehmen.
Wir machen aber den Präsidenten Wilson feierlich und ernst darauf aufmerksam, daß die Durchführung der Bedingungen im deutschen Volke das Gegenteil der Gesinnung erzeugen muß, die eine Voraussetzung für den Neuaufbau der Völkergemeinschaft bilden und einen dauerhaften Rechtsfrieden verbürgt.
Das deutsche Volk wendet sich daher in letzter Stunde nochmals an den Präsidenten mit der Bitte, auf eine Milderung der vernichtenden Bedingungen bei den alliierten Mächten hinzuwirken.

Der Staatssekretär des Auswärtigen Amts.
Solf.



Der 1. Weltkrieg im November 1918
www.stahlgewitter.com
_________________
Met hart en ziel
De enige echte

https://twitter.com/ForumWO1
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail Bekijk de homepage
Yvonne
Admin


Geregistreerd op: 2-2-2005
Berichten: 45653

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Nov 2006 8:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1928 : Remarque publishes All Quiet on the Western Front

On this day in 1928, the first installment of All Quiet on the Western Front, Erich Maria Remarque’s acclaimed novel of World War I, appears in the German magazine Vossische Zeitung.

Remarque (born Erich Paul Remark) was born in 1898 in lower Saxony to a family of French ancestry; he enlisted in the German army at the age of 18 and headed to fight on the Western Front, where he was wounded five times, the last time seriously. Returning to Germany after the war, he changed his name back to the French spelling and worked various jobs--teacher, stonecutter, race-car driver, sports journalist--while working on his first novel.

The protagonist of that novel, All Quiet on the Western Front--its German title, Im Westen nichts Neues literally translates as In the West Nothing New--is Paul Baumer, a young German soldier fighting in the trenches of World War I. The story opens in 1917, when half of Baumer’s company--many of them schoolmates from back in Germany--has been killed in battle. Over the course of the book, Paul himself is injured and hospitalized, goes home on leave and returns to the front, only to be killed a week or so before the armistice in 1918.

From November 10 to December 9, 1928, All Quiet on the Western Front was published in serial form in Vossische Zeitung magazine. It was released in book form the following year to smashing success, selling a million and a half copies that same year. Although publishers had worried that interest in the Great War had waned more than 10 years after the armistice, Remarque’s realistic depiction of trench warfare from the perspective of young soldiers struck a chord with the war’s survivors--soldiers and civilians alike--and provoked strong reactions, both positive and negative, around the world. Eventually translated into over 20 languages, the novel was adapted into an acclaimed American film in 1930.

With All Quiet on the Western Front, Remarque emerged as an eloquent spokesperson for a generation that had been, in his own words, "destroyed by war, even though it might have escaped its shells." Remarque’s harshest critics, in turn, were his countrymen, many of whom felt the book denigrated the German war effort, and that Remarque had exaggerated the horrors of war in order to further his pacifist agenda. Not surprisingly, the strongest voices against Remarque came from the emerging National Socialist (Nazi) Party, an ultranationalist group in Germany led by the future fuhrer, Adolf Hitler. In 1933, when the Nazis rose to power, All Quiet on the Western Front became one of the first "degenerate" books to be publicly burnt.

Remarque would go on to publish nine more novels, all dealing with the horror and futility of war and the struggle to understand its purpose. His last novel, The Night in Lisbon, was unsparing in its condemnation of World War II as Adolf Hitler’s attempt to perpetrate the extermination of Jews and other "nonpeople" on behalf of the "master race." After his German citizenship was revoked in 1938, Remarque emigrated to the United States, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1947. A frequent participant in New York City nightlife in the 1930s and a companion for several years in Hollywood of the actress Marlene Dietrich, Remarque lived for most of his later life at Porto Ronco, on the shore of Lake Maggiore in Switzerland. He died at Locarno in 1970 with his wife, the actress Paulette Goddard, at his side.

www.historychannel.com
_________________
Met hart en ziel
De enige echte

https://twitter.com/ForumWO1
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail Bekijk de homepage
rolffie61



Geregistreerd op: 18-2-2005
Berichten: 713

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Nov 2006 16:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ik had nog een stukje liggen....

Op 9 november 1918, om 19.30 uur, werd de resident-minister van Nederland in België, M.W.R. van Vollenhoven door Von der Lancken-Wakenitz (van het Duitse Gouvernement-Generaal) op de hoogte gesteld van het feit dat de Duitse keizer dezelfde nacht naar Nederland zou vertrekken. Hij verzocht namens de keizer ook koningin Wilhelmina te waarschuwen. Van Vollenhoven stuurde twee koeriers op pad. Een naar minister van Buitenlandse Zaken H.A. van Karnebeek met het bericht dat de keizer naar Nederland kwam. De andere koerier werd naar Eysden gestuurd met de orders, de Duitse auto’s bij de grens door te laten. Waarschijnlijk is ook een koerier naar Wilhelmina gestuurd op verzoek van de Duitse keizer, maar dat is niet meer te achterhalen.
Wilhelm schreef in zijn boekje (hij hield allerlei notities bij in gebedsboekjes): “Nachtfahrt nach Holland, zu der der F.M. v.H. (Von Hindenburg, rts) räth, da er der Armee nicht mehr sicher sei, u. sie mir nicht mehr gehorchen wurde.”
Aanvankelijk stapte de keizer met zijn gevolg (± 50 personen) in de hoftrein nadat Wilhelm van Von Hintze en Von Plessen het advies had ontvangen naar Nederland te vertrekken. Wilhelm bleef tot het laatste moment twijfelen: “...vor dem Tode habe ich keine Angst! Nein, ich bleibe hier!” Halverwege de reis stapte het gezelschap voor een deel uit en reed verder met auto’s naar de grens. Wilhelm was bang dat troepen in Luik de trein zouden kunnen ophouden. Om 6.00 uur stonden de Duitsers aan de grens in stafauto’s die besmeurd waren met modder om herkenning te voorkomen. De Nederlandse sergeant weigerde de stoet toe te laten ondanks verzekeringen van de Duitse officieren dat de regering op de hoogte zou zijn. Sergeant Pinckaers wachtte op zijn commandant, de majoor van Dijl die vanuit Maastricht moest komen. Om 7.00 uur arriveerde Van Dijl en deze liet de keizer toe op het stationsperron waar hij mocht wachten tot over de toelating beslist zou zijn. De hoftrein mocht opstomen om de keizer het nodige gerief te brengen. Over deze beslissing is later veel ophef ontstaan, omdat men meende hiermee de keizer reeds te hebben toegelaten.
Van Karnebeek, die voor 8.00 uur ‘s ochtends al bij de koningin geweest was, kreeg van haar te horen dat zij de keizer verblijf wilde toestaan in Nederland. Zij liet de bijzonderheden over aan het kabinet.
‘s Ochtends kwam een deel van de ministerraad bijeen. Aanwezig waren eerste minister Ruys de beerenbrouck, Heemskerk van Justitie en De Vries van Financiën. Tevens was Kan, de secretaris-generaal in Algemene Dienst rechtstreeks van het tennisveld gekomen. Van Karnebeek was er niet bij, waarschijnlijk had hij van tevoren met Ruys telefonisch overleg gevoerd. De ministers beraadslaagden over waar zij de keizer moesten onderbrengen, Wilhelmina had een van haar paleizen aangeboden. De aanwezigen vonden het onverstandig dat Wilhelm in een van de paleizen van de koningin werd ondergebracht. In feite duidde deze discussie reeds aan dat men over het toelaten van de keizer al besloten had. In ieder geval werd van een discussie hierover niet gerept. Misschien speelde de ervaring van de voorafgaande vier jaren een rol, waarin talrijke personen toegelaten werden in Nederland en vervolgens geinterneerd. Ruys was regeringscommissaris voor het verzorgen van Belgische vluchtelingen geweest. Men besloot Wilhelm als vluchteling te beschouwen. Of speelde hier het ‘fait accompli’ een rol, waarin niet de hele ministerraad opgetrommeld kon worden bij een belangrijke beslissing, zoals Van Karnebeek overkwam bij de kwestie van generaal Snijders?
De telefonade van Van Karnebeek met Ruys voorafgaande aan de vergadering is in zoverre aan te tonen, omdat in dit gesprek de suggestie viel om Wilhelm in Amerongen onder te brengen. Immers, in de bijeenkomst met de andere twee ministers en Kan, brengt Ruys het idee om Wilhelm naar Amerongen te sturen. En dat kan hij alleen geweten hebben als hij contact had gehad met Van Karnebeek. Leek de keuze uit de lucht te vallen, zo onverklaarbaar was die niet.
Graaf Altenberg Bentinck van Amerongen was een broer van de Bentinck van Middachten die bevriend was met Wilhelm. De keizer had in 1909 nog Middachten bezocht. Maar deze vriend van Wilhelm was ziek en kon de keizer niet ontvangen. Bentinck was ook lid van de Johannieter Orde, waarvan Wilhelm het hoofd was. Een van de regels van deze orde was, dat men broeders in nood moest helpen. Van Karnebeek behoorde ook tot de Johannieter Orde. Diezelfde middag werd Bentinck benaderd door de Commissaris van de Koningin in Utrecht, Van Lynden van Sandenburg. Na aanvankelijke aarzelingen zegde de graaf zijn medewerking toe.
Een delegatie reisde naar Eysden om de keizer mee te delen dat deze werd toegelaten in Nederland. Het gezelschap bestond uit een hoge ambtenaar van Buitenlandse Zaken, Doude van Troostwijk, Kan en later ook Rosen, de Duitse ambassadeur, en de Gouverneur van Limburg. Op 11 november om 00.30 uur hoorde Wilhelm dat hem asyl verleend werd.
Wilhelm krabbelde in zijn boekje: “In Holland eingetroffen.”
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Langemarck (10. November 1914)

Nach dem Scheitern des Schlieffen-Plans hoffte die deutsche Oberste Heeresleitung (OHL), beim "Wettlauf zum Meer" einen Teil der alliierten Truppen durch einen Vorstoß zwischen Lille und der Kanalküste doch noch umfassen zu können. Seit dem 20. Oktober 1914 versuchten die deutschen Truppen immer wieder, die hier noch ungefestigte Verteidigungslinie der Entente zu durchbrechen. Bei diesen Vorstößen wurden in großer Zahl nur unzureichend ausgebildete Reservekorps von jungen Kriegsfreiwilligen, vor allem von Schülern und Studenten, eingesetzt. Dementsprechend hoch war die Zahl der Opfer unter diesen Rekruten. So wurden am 10. November 1914 über 2.000 junge Soldaten bei dem Versuch getötet, nahe der Ortschaft Langemarck eine Hügelkette zu erobern. Die Aufwärtsstürmenden waren für die von oben feuernden Schützen an den Maschinengewehren leichte Ziele und wurden förmlich niedergemäht.

Am folgenden Tag betonte der offizielle Heeresbericht, daß die jungen Soldaten mit dem Gesang des Deutschlandlieds die feindliche Stellung angegriffen hätten. Als ”Mythos von Langemarck” wurde die Opferbereitschaft dieser jungen Rekruten überhöht und ihr ”Heldentod” glorifiziert. Mit ”Langemarck” wurde über die Weimarer Republik hinaus an selbstlos heroisches Sterben für Nation und Vaterland appelliert.

http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/wk1/kriegsverlauf/langemar/index.html
Zie ook http://www.history.ucsb.edu/faculty/marcuse/dachau/legends/langemark1914.htm


Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz - Kirche und Friedhof von Langemarck bei Ypern
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 09 Nov 2010 22:16, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Execution of the day - 10 November 1914 – John Eayres

John Eayres slit his wife’s throat after an argument about money.

The Peterborough tinsmith got into a fight with his drunken wife over half a penny. She was later found dead, with Eayres alongside her, his neck peppered with self-inflicted wounds.

Perhaps his wounds were to make it look like self defence. He pleaded the lesser crime of manslaughter to no avail. The 59-year-old was hanged in Northampton for murder.

http://eotd.wordpress.com/2008/11/10/10-november-1914-john-eayres/
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Berlin South Western Cemetery

Private 7144 Thomas VAUGHAN
Personal History: Thomas (John) was born in Tredegar, Monmouthshire, Wales, in the December quarter 1894, the eldest son of William (Coal miner) and Elizabeth Ann Vaughan, of 59 High Street, Tredegar, Monmouthshire.

The 1901 Census shows that he had three younger siblings, Ellen, Rees and Lewis. (1901 Census of Wales. RG 13/4937)

The 1911 Census (RG14/31849) lists two more younger brothers, William and Alfred, and although Alfred is only 1 year old, Elizabeth is now listed as a widow. 16 year old Thomas John is working as a 'Coal Hewer', no doubt at Tredegar pit. The family is now living at 10 Lower Coronation Street, Tredegar. There is no record of him marrying.

Military History: Thomas enlisted in the Cheshire Regiment at Cardiff. Currently his Army records appear to have been destroyed by Second World War bombing. However, it is likely that he joined the Cheshire Regiment in 1912/13 when aged 18.

His Medal Index Card, however, shows that as a regular soldier he entered France on 16 August 1914. He was reported missing from the Battalion following the action at Audregnies on 24th August. He fought on the right of the line under Captain Dugmore.

Thomas was held at Doberitz prisoner of war camp, Brandenburg, until he died on 10th November 1914. He was initially buried there but in 1922-23 it was decided that the graves of Commonwealth servicemen who had died all over Germany should be brought together into four permanent cemeteries. Berlin South-Western was one of those chosen and in 1924-25, graves were brought into the cemetery from more than 140 burial grounds in eastern Germany and 38 burials from Doberitz were re-buried at Berlin.

http://grandadswar.mrallsophistory.com/berlin_sw_cem.html#vaughan
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

CH 19403 Pte. John Clegg - Royal Marine Light Infantry - 1896-1916

John Clegg (known as Jack) was born on 20th February 1896 at Dodworth in Barnsley, Yorkshire into a working class family. When the war broke out Jack was 18 and decided to join the Royal Marine Light Infantry at Manchester on 10th November 1914. Curiously he elected to become a professional; he signed on for 12 years which was the norm for the Royal Marines. A friend who enlisted on the same day joined as a short serviceman i.e. duration only, a scheme brought in especially for the war. Jack was sent to the Marine depot at Deal in Kent for his basic training. For a regular marine the training was a year long and included artillery training for sea service and infantry training for land service, they had to be 'a soldier and sailor too'. The training was shortened slightly due to the war. In his first letter Jack states the conditions he was in:

Lees verder op http://www.fylde.demon.co.uk/clegg.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Henri Gaudier

Henri Gaudier was born in St Jean de Braye in France in 1891. He became a sculptor in Paris without any formal training. In 1911 Gaudier moved to London with his partner, Sophie Brzeska. Over the next couple of years he associated with leading literary and artistic figures such as Wyndham Lewis and Ezra Pound. He became a founder member of the London Group and the following year signed the Vorticist Manifesto.

On the outbreak of the First World War, Gaudier enlisted in the French Army. After two promotions for bravery, Henri Gaudier was killed at Neuville St. Vaast on 5th June, 1915. Although his work was ignored during his life-time, Gaudier was afterwards widely recognized as one of the most important sculptors of his generation.

Henri Gaudier-Brezeska, letter to his father (10th November, 1914)

My lieutenant sent me out to repair some barbed wire between our trenches and the enemy's. I went through the mist with two chaps. I was lying on my back under the obstacle when pop, out came the moon, then the Boches saw me and well! pan pan pan! Then they broke the entanglement over my head, which fell on me and trapped me. I took my butcher's knife and hacked at it a dozen times. My companions had got back to the trench and said I was dead, so the lieutenant, in order to avenge me, ordered a volley of fire, the Boches did the same and the artillery joined in, with me bang in the middle. I got back to the trench, crawling on my stomach, with my roll of barbed wire and my rifle.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/ARTgaudier.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Fourth battle of the Isonzo, 10 November-2 December 1915

The fourth battle of the Isonzo was the final Italian offensive of 1915, and made little more progress than the previous three. Both sides had increased the size of their armies on the Isonzo since the start of the third battle in mid-October, the Italians from 19 to 28 divisions, the Austrians from 11 to 15, although the Italians maintained the same ratio of superiority as before

The main targets of this battle were the town of Gorizia, on the eastern bank of the Isonzo, and the Carso plateau to the south. Around Gorizia the Italians twice held and then lost the village of Oslavia, north of the town but on the western bank of the river, and on 29 November captured Oslavia ridge.

On 18 November the Italians began to bombard Gorizia with their heavy guns. Before the start of the bombardment Italian aircraft had dropped leaflets over the town warning the citizens to leave before the bombardment began.

On the Carso the Sardinian Brigade captured Trincea dai Razzi, beginning the slow process of gaining a foothold on the plateau.

The fourth battle of the Isonzo cost the Italians 48,967 casualties and the Austrians 30,000. The first four battles of the Isonzo had cost the Italians 66,000 dead, 190,000 wound and 22,500 captured. The Austrians had lost 165,000 men, but had managed to hold off four Italian offensives, despite being outnumbered by almost two-to-one in each battle. After a three month gap over the winter of 1915-16, the fighting on the Isonzo would begin again in March 1916 with the fifth battle of the Isonzo, the first of five such battles during 1916.

Rickard, J (31 August 2007), Fourth battle of the Isonzo, 10 November-2 December 1915 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_isonzo4.html
Zie ook http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/isonzo4.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kosovo Offensive Operation (1915)

The Kosovo Offensive Operation (Bulgarian: Косовска настъпателна операция), the third major battle in history to have been fought there, occurred between 10 November 1915 and 4 December 1915.

The battle began with the forcing of the South Morava by the Bulgarian 1st Army and ended with the total defeat of the Serbian army. The main blow was made by the 1st Army at the direction Niš-Pristina. For 2 days, the Serbian army seized Prokuplje, where they mounted a short-lived resistance.

The Serbian army retreated, then made a futile stand near the city of Gnjilane. The Serbs then tried a desperate counter-attack towards Vranje and Kumanovo to join the Anglo-French troops but were again defeated. The 6th and 9th Infantry Divisions of 1st Army easily took Priština on 24 November. Then the whole of the Bulgarian army advanced, supported from the north by parts of 11th German Army. The battle ended on 4 December when Debar was captured. The Serbs lost 30,000 soldiers, 199 guns, 150 cars and vast quantity of other military equipment. The Serbian army subsequently retreated into Albania, eventually being transported to the Greek island of Corfu.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kosovo_Offensive_Operation_(1915)
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Poperinghe - October 1915 to December 1915

It would seem that the stay in Poperinghe was to be a long one. Considerable efforts were made to prepare for the worst of the winter. Latrines were dug, huts and horse standing were constructed using bricks transported by wagon from Ypres. Cpt Warburton held classes on trench foot and frostbite at Vlamertinghe in October, but by November there were increasing numbers of men afflicted with Trench Foot. The first case was recorded on 6th November 1915 and by 10 November 1915 there are 120 cases.

http://freepages.military.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hoddy/poper.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ossipee, 1915

The cutter Ossipee was named for a river in eastern New Hampshire.

10 November 1915: Winter Cruising Orders--Eastport, ME to Cape Ann, MA.

http://www.uscg.mil/history/webcutters/Ossipee_1915.pdf
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ernest Morris Savage - Policeman

Ernest Morris Savage was born 10th January 1895 in Worthing, Sussex. He was one of 9 children born to (George) Henry Savage and Charlotte Shepherd Milner.

On leaving school he worked as a Market Gardener and as a Carter, until he was accepted into the West Sussex Constabulary on 23rd March 1914, attached to Horsham Police Station as a Police Constable. He was described as 6' Feet tall, with an Oval Visage and a Fresh Complexion, with Blue Eyes and Brown Hair.

He left to join the Colours, with the Military Foot Police, on 10th November 1915 with whom he served, in France, until 1919. He was awarded a British Medal and a Victory Medal. Whilst he was serving in France he married his first wife, Dorothy Victoria Ivy Lyon, in the Garrison Chapel, Dieppe, France. At that time he was a Lance-Corporal (No. P2558 Military Mounted Police), whilst Dorothy was a Worker in the Q.M.A.A.C. (No. 390).

He was discharged from the army on 10th October 1919 and rejoined the Police Force the following day.

http://www.oldpolicecellsmuseum.org.uk/page_id__455_path__.aspx
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

...More Than Would Be Reasonably Anticipated. The Story of No. 3 Wing
Royal Naval Air Service

by Bob Peason

The weather cleared on 9 November 1916, allowing operations to resume. Over the next three days the wing would attack the iron works and blast furnaces at Volklingen on the 10th and 11th, and at St.Ingbert on the 12th. On the 10 November 1916 raid 18 aircraft started out, consisting of ten bombers and eight fighters. fighter 9407 was flown by Flt/Cdr. Draper along with gunlayer Sub.Lt Pearkes. They were to claim two enemy aircraft downed. Draper's report states...

a Fokker approached from behind and the passenger fired half a tray. I turned immediately and opened fire... dive and turn, then climb, brought the enemy turning across my bows. I opened fire following him round until he suddenly dived and and was observed to be spinning to earth. [Flt/Cdr. C. Draper, fighter 9407]

The second was downed by Pearkes, again described by Draper.

Sighted two enemy aircraft two enemy biplanes. These two machines were engaged by turning quickly and meeting them end on. After manuevering and fighting continuosly (sic) for about ten minutes one was driven off and the other hung on to our tail. It is probable his gun had jammed as he approached close in without firing. Sub.Lt Pearkes fired a whole tray at him and he was seen to nose dive to earth. [Flt/Cdr. C. Draper, fighter 9407]

F/L Newberry and P.O. Rees were returning home in fighter 9722 when Newberry saw another Sopwith in trouble.

I saw Sopwith bomber 5088, pilot FSL Shearer engaged with a German two seater. I dived and fired ten shots, but was masked by the bomber and after the enemy had circled I got in about twenty, my gun layer an equal amount and in the last dive we each fired about twenty or more. The enemy then broke off and glided for about 4000 Ft, when it turned on its side and dived into a wood, this last being seen by Petty Officer Rees. [F/L J. D. Newberry, fighter 9722]

Of the bombers, all but F/S/L Wilson made it to Volklingen. He had returned to Luxeuil after failing to keep up with his flight on the way to the lines. The rest reported dropping their bombs on the target, but were unable to see the result owing to smoke. The following day saw a return to Volklingen, this time by a force of 14 bombers and seven fighters. Once again Shearer was in combat, but this time as the attacker when he...

saw two Huns just the other side of the lines. Dived and fired about twenty rounds at one of them. They immediately turned and I saw no more of them. [F/S/L A. B. Shearer, bomber N5088]

Other aircraft involved in combat this day included 9669 (F/S/L G. G. MacLennan) who was attacked by an EA over the target which was driven off by W.Cdr. Davies and AM Pinchen in 9667.

Lees verder op http://www.overthefront.com/WWI-Aviation-No-3-Wing-Royal-Naval-Air-Service-p2.php
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

War Diaries

Examine the war diaries of the 92nd Infantry Brigade, including the 10th East Yorkshire Regiment, the Hull Commercials, featured in the series 'The Trench'.

Diaries can help to build a daily picture of war service. The content of these diaries varies, but they often mention the battles in which the men were engaged as well as the more mundane duties required of a unit in the field. It is possible to identify precisely where a unit was at any given time during the war and what happened to it. Original war diaries can be found at the Public Record Office.


1-10 November 1916

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/wardiary_gallery_03.shtml & http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/wardiary_gallery.shtml
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The following article was published in the Lisburn Standard on the 10 November 1916.

“Mr. Edward Partridge, Ivy Hill, Derriaghy, has received intimation that his son, Sergeant John Partridge, Royal Irish Rifles, was somewhat seriously wounded about a fortnight ago when his battalion was leaving the trenches for a well earned rest. He received two bullet wounds in the right lung. Sergeant Partridge was not quite sixteen when he volunteered following the outbreak of the war."

http://www.friendsschoollisburn.org.uk/ww1/sources.asp?pagehead=tasks
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Lance-Corporal Reginal Ronald Thompson Doherty

Lance-Corporal Reginal Ronald Thompson Doherty of the 102nd Battalion of the Canadian Infantry is described as 'killed in action at Regina trench' on the 11th of November 1916. He was from Vancouver, although had been born in Liverpool, England where his parents still lived. He was an accountant, married and 47 years old when he died here on the Somme. The War Diary of the 102nd Brigade records that on the 10th of November 1916 there was a heavy bombardment of Regina Trench. Early in the morning of the 11th, there was a German counter-attack, and Lieutenant Lieter of 'A' Company was sent with reinforcements to support those in Regina Trench. There were more counter-attacks until dawn, but the position was held, although 18 had been killed including Doherty.

http://www.ww1battlefields.co.uk/somme/courcelette.html
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Women and the Military during World War One

By 12 August 1914, Englishwoman Flora Sandes knew that if she wanted an exciting life, she would have to fight for it. That was the date she steamed out of London, along with 36 other eager nurses, bound for Serbia. Within 18 months, during the great retreat to Albania, she had exchanged bandages for guns. She insisted on acting as a soldier, and being treated as such; therefore, like male combatants, she cared for the wounded, but only 'between shots'. She curtly informed one correspondent on 10 November 1916 that if people thought she ought to be a nurse instead of a soldier, they should be told that 'we have Red Cross men for first aid'. Her martial valour during World War One was recognised in June 1919 when a special Serbian Act of Parliament made her the first woman to be commissioned in the Serbian Army.

This jolly, buxom daughter of a retired vicar living in the peaceful village of Thornton Heath in the Suffolk countryside was an unlikely candidate for the warrior role. Although she had been given elementary medical and military training in the Women's First Aid Yeomanry Corps and St John's Ambulance, she had no regrets about leaving nursing for the life of a combatant. Indeed, she relished those times when the savage explosion of her bombs was followed by a 'few groans and then silence' since a 'tremendous hullabaloo' signalled that she had inflicted 'only a few scratches, or the top of someone's finger... taken off'. Throughout her life, Sandes contended that her wartime experiences had been wonderful precisely because they were years of previously unimagined freedom.

Lees vooral verder! http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/britain_wwone/women_combatants_01.shtml
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 22:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Second Battle of Passchendaele: 26 October - 10 November

(...) The Canadian Corps launched a final action on 10 November to gain control of the remaining high ground north of the village, in the vicinity of Hill 52. This attack on 10 November brought to an end the long drawn-out battle.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Passchendaele#Second_Battle_of_Passchendaele:_26_October_-_10_November
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The War Diary of George Culpitt, Royal Welch Fusiliers

Chapter 16 Winter 1917 - On the 10th November 1917 we returned again to the trenches and the following day (1lth) took over Eileen Post again, this time having to draw gumboots owing to the very bad state of the trenches follow the rain. The conditions were now getting very bad, some of the trenches being 3 parts filled with water. This was the case with Eileen Post but worse was to come for at 11.30 we had to remove to a Post called Hesney which was by the side of the Lille Road. This was half filled with water and we had to spend the time to 4.30 a.m. standing on precarious footholds under water with the prospect of a gumboot full of water if we slipped off our perches. Although tired there was nowhere dry enough for us to rest and we had to make the best of a bad job. When 4.30 came we returned to our Eileen Post for the day. In the evening we were relieved but before going back to Company Headquarters we had to do two hours wiring in front of the post. This over we got back to Headquarters but hardly had one settled down to a long looked forward rest in comfort when we heard the well known voice of the Sergeant enquiring for us and were told to be ready to go on patrol in about an hour.

Accordingly we fell in but we started having- a happy time on our way up to the front line preparatory to going over the top Fritz started shelling with gas shells which made it necessary for us to put on our gas helmets. It was a pitch-black night- difficult to see under ordinary circumstances, but ten times worse with these helmets on. This lasted about an hour and delayed us at the start, but at last we got going and after a time got clear of the fumes, which enabled us to take our helmets off. This was a relief but we were not out of the wood by any means.

We got on to the Lille Road and then went forward through our Eileen Post through our wire and in single file moved into No man's land. The party consisted of 8 in all, 1 officer, 1 sergeant and 6 men. The officer and 3 of the men had never been on patrol before, while all the men were tired out to start with.

The prospect was not alluring should we meet the enemy or be unlucky enough to get caught in this hell on earth. Slowly, touching each other to keep ourselves from getting, lost, we went forward until we lay within 60-80 yards of the enemy's parapet. If anything went wrong now we were beyond human aid. In front, between us and Fritz was a shallow pool of water and we lay on the edge of this in pairs. Tired out as we were it was with the greatest difficulty that we could keep awake. It was absolutely quiet in our vicinity which also tended to make us sleepy, except for an occasional boom on the right or the left. As we lay there one thought of many things chief of all perhaps was the incongruity of the very fact of us being there.

Still here we are and here we must remain until the Lord will. We were now surprised to hear the sound of a snore on the right as one of our party, tired out, succumbed to the strongest call of nature, the desire to sleep. To one outside events it might seem impossible for anybody to sleep in such circumstances but to prevent oneself going to sleep if absolutely tired is as futile as trying to keep back the sea. To us however, it was a crime in as much as the safety of the entire party depended on every one keeping a sharp look out in case of surprise by Fritz. There was only one incident, however, which was not long before our patrol was ended.

Suddenly there was the unmistakable sound of a very light pistol and to our surprise and consternation we saw in the ascending light two Germans with coloured handkerchiefs over their heads. Our hearts beat hard - our hands trembled as a myriad of thoughts passed through our heads. Had we been seen? Was it but a question of moments before we found ourselves surrounded? To fight our way out or be killed or at best taken prisoner?

But no, the moments passed and nothing happened and we calmed down. Another incident had passed. Soon we got the order to make our way back to the trenches and like fools rushing where angels fear to tread we threw caution to the winds as we splashed through the mud and water back to the refuge of the trenches. But in our hurry we lost our way and could not find the gap in the wire. So driven more by fear than pluck, disregarding torn clothes or limbs scratched by the wire we commenced to clamber over the belt of wire towards our parapet. This was a fearful business but we managed to get to our disused haven only to look back and find one of our number securely fastened to the wire and unable to get along. This necessitated someone going back to get him. Then we were soon on our journey back to Headquarters.

On the 17th we were relieved by A Company and went to subsidiary line and here we stayed until the 19th when we were relieved and returned to the village. Fritz was using a lot of gas shells lately but unless there is a large quantity at once or one gets a mouthful all to oneself, they are not very terrible.

http://www.culpitt-war-diary.org.uk/CH_16.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Evening Post, Volume XCIV, Issue 114, 10 November 1917, Page 7




http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=EP19171110.2.50
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Maxim Gorky, New Life (10th November, 1917)

Lenin and Trotsky and all who follow them are dishonoring the Revolution, and the working-class. Imagining themselves Napoleons of socialism. The proletariat is for Lenin the same as iron ore is for a metallurgist. It is possible, taking into consideration the present conditions, to cast out of this ore a socialist state? Obviously this is impossible. Conscious workers who follow Lenin must understand that a pitiless experiment is being carried out with the Russian people which is going to destroy the best forces of the workers, and which will stop the normal growth of the Russian Revolution for a long time.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSgorky.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Flucht Wilhelms II. am 10. November 1918


Flucht Wilhelms II. am 10. November 1918: Der vormalige Kaiser (Bildmitte bzw. vierter von links) auf dem Bahnsteig des belgisch-niederländischen Grenzübergangs Eysden
kurz vor seiner Abreise ins niederländische Exil


http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Novemberrevolution

Wilhelm II. in Holland

Berlin, 10. November. - Der Kaiser ist mit zehn Herren Gefolge in Arnheim in Holland eingetroffen und wird dort in der Villa des Baron Bentinck Wohnung nehmen.

Amsterdam, 10. November. - Holländische Blätter melden: Heute früh 7 Uhr trafen in Eysden auf der Straße von Visse her zehn Autos mit kaiserlichen Wappen ein. Die Insassen waren: der Kaiser, der Kronprinz, höhere Offiziere und Hofwürdenträger, im ganzen 51 Personen. Sie verließen Spaa um 5 Uhr morgens und fuhren über Verviers und Battice. Um 8 Uhr morgens traf in Eysden ein Hofzug mit den Archiven und dem Personal des Großen Hauptquartiers ein. Die Autos wurden auf Waggons geladen, und mit der Eisenbahn setzten der Kaiser und sein Gefolge die Reise in nördlicher Richtung fort.

http://www.stahlgewitter.com/18_11_10.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 09 Nov 2010 23:29, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Strasbourg Soviet proclamation


The proclamation of the Soviet of Strasbourg on November 10, 1918 in Place Kléber

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_1918_in_Alsace
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Allies' Armistice Demands

10 November, 1918

Official release by the German Government, published in the Kreuz-Zeitung, November 11, 1918.

The following terms were set by the Allied powers for the Armistice.

1. Effective six hours after signing.

2. Immediate clearing of Belgium, France, Alsace-Lorraine, to be concluded within 14 days. Any troops remaining in these areas to be interned or taken as prisoners of war.

3. Surrender 5000 cannon (chiefly heavy), 30,000 machine guns, 3000 trench mortars, 2000 planes.

4. Evacuation of the left bank of the Rhine, Mayence, Coblence, Cologne, occupied by the enemy to a radius of 30 kilometers deep.

5. On the right bank of the Rhine a neutral zone from 30 to 40 kilometers deep, evacuation within 11 days.

6. Nothing to be removed from the territory on the left bank of the Rhine, all factories, railroads, etc. to be left intact.

7. Surrender of 5000 locomotives, 150,000 railway coaches, 10,000 trucks.

8. Maintenance of enemy occupation troops through Germany.

9. In the East all troops to withdraw behind the boundaries of August 1, 1914, fixed time not given.

10. Renunciation of the Treaties of Brest-Litovsk and Bucharest.

11. Unconditional surrender of East Africa.

12. Return of the property of the Belgian Bank, Russian and Rumanian gold.

13. Return of prisoners of war without reciprocity.

14. Surrender of 160 U-boats, 8 light cruisers, 6 Dreadnoughts; the rest of the fleet to be disarmed and controlled by the Allies in neutral or Allied harbors.

15. Assurance of free trade through the Cattegat Sound; clearance of mine fields and occupation of all forts and batteries, through which transit could be hindered.

16. The blockade remains in effect. All German ships to be captured.

17. All limitations by Germany on neutral shipping to be removed.

18. Armistice lasts 30 days.

http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/The_Allies'_Armistice_Demands
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

10 November 1918: Foundation of the 'Rat der Volksbeauftragten'



http://www.ww1-propaganda-cards.com/revolution(1).html
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Forêt de Compiègne, La Clairière de l'Armistice

On 10 November 1918, Charles Bean, Australia’s official historian and war correspondent, was near the town of Mons on the France–Belgium border. It was here that the BEF (British Expeditionary Force) had, on 23 August 1914, fought its first battle of the war with the German Imperial Army. In those days it had been a small army, referred to as that ‘contemptible little army’ by the German Emperor Kaiser Wilhelm II. At Mons, the BEF had momentarily halted the Germans in their sweep through Belgium and Bean stood on the old battlefield west of the town gazing at:

… a narrow little curving piece of trench, all grassed over … I could have taken my hat off to the little old trench; it must have been one of those left flank posts of the British army in the retreat from Mons.
Bean, quoted in Dudley McCarthy, Gallipoli to the Somme, the story of CEW Bean, Sydney, 1983, p.359

http://www.ww1westernfront.gov.au/compiegne/index.html
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

THE MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE

7-11 November 1918 - Units already east of the Meuse continue advancing northward and the First Army Headquarters lays plans for taking the old fortress of Montmedy, the next logical objective.

10 November 1918 - As part of First Army's shift eastward units of the 2nd and 89th Divisions begin a west to east crossing of the Meuse.

11 November 1918 - Marshall Foch's armistice instructions arrive at 0600 hours. US units involved in the river crossings have reached Senegal Farm and Moulins by 1100 hrs, but some doughboys and marines do not hear about the cease-fire until noon time.

http://www.worldwar1.com/dbc/bigshow.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

G. Ward Price on the Surrender of Constantinople, 10 November 1918

Following the British success in capturing Jerusalem in December 1917 further progress north was effectively stalled in the face of strengthened German forces until September 1918. In part this was because troops had been hastily transferred to the Western Front in March 1918 to assist in the Allies' defence against the German Spring offensive.

Thus on 18 September Sir Edmund Allenby - British regional Commander-in-Chief launched the Battle of Megiddo at Rafat. This set in trail an unbroken series of victories including those at Damascus and Beirut (the latter seized by a French fleet). It was in light of these overwhelming victories that Turkey sued for an armistice of surrender, which was duly agreed on 30 October 1918 in Mudros. British forces subsequently took possession of Constantinople on 10 November 1918.

Reproduced below is an account of the surrender of Constantinople on 10 November by the official British observer G. Ward Price.

Official British Observer G. Ward Price on the Surrender of Constantinople, 10 November 1918

Constantinople, November 10th

At Chanak lay a grey transport steamer with British troops on board. She had arrived a little before us, and the khaki figures that lined her rail, staring curiously at the low-lying little town, with its old stone castle and its throng of equally interested inhabitants, were on their way to garrison the forts of the Narrows further up.

With a Turkish pilot on board to guide us through the rest of the minefields, the destroyer made her way on into the Sea of Marmora, and increased her speed to thirty knots. So that at 3 o'clock this afternoon, under a cloudy sky, but one filled with the diffused lights of the East, we rounded the point of the old Seraglio and entered the Golden Horn.

There was no demonstration of any kind. It seemed as if no one had even noticed the arrival of this herald of the British fleet. But as we drew near to the quay one saw that the houses and windows were thronged with people.

The crowd had an unusual tone of red about it, derived from all the crimson fezzes bobbing to and fro as their wearers strained for a glimpse. And a few waved handkerchiefs. A German officer stood on the quay close to where the destroyer gradually came alongside.

He was more interested than any one, but affected indifference and yawned with care from time to time. A little group of German soldiers and sailors gradually formed behind him as if for mutual moral support. For years they had been the self-ordained military gods of this place, but now their altars are overthrown and they see Turkish naval officers of high rank hurrying past them to pay respects to the representative of a nation they once thought they could despise.

We are, indeed, much surrounded by an unwelcome neighbourhood of Germans. Germans look down on us from their office windows opposite the quay. Here in my bedroom at the Pera Palace Hotel there are Germans talking in the rooms on either side of me as I write. I gather from fragments overheard that they are packing up.

One is pleased to think that their compatriots throughout Turkey are doing the same. As we drove up from the quay, too, there seemed a considerable number of Germans, and also Austrians, in the streets. The Austrians saluted the party of British officers. The Germans swaggered by with a stare, the non-commissioned officers and men smoking cigars, which give them to English eyes a peculiar appearance of pretentiousness.

Source Records of the Great War, Vol. VI, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923, http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/constantinople_wardprice.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

This Week In [US] Airpower History

Sunday, November 10, 1918 -- The Air Service records its last two aerial victories of World War I, as Maj. Maxwell Kirby of the 94th Aero Squadron tallies the last solo (and his only) "kill," and two crews from the 104th Observation Squadron team up for the other victory.

http://www.afa.org/
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Nov 2010 23:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Handley Page V/1500 (hereafter HP V/1500)

Another Type of the HP heavy bomber aircraft, an even larger four-engined version designated the Handley Page V/1500 (the Super Handley), first flew in May 1918. It entered into service with the RAF in October 1918, principally as a night bomber, and three became operational with 166 Squadron in November 1918. But it never saw combat service due to the end of the war: the first sortie on Berlin by three aircraft on the night of 10 November 1918 was literally taxi-ing on the runway when the flight was called off because of the imminent declaration of the Armistice the next morning.

http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/great-war-at-sea-in-air/aircraft-types/965-most-successful-british-bomber-aircraft-greatwar-.html
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Berichten van afgelopen:   
Plaats nieuw bericht   Plaats Reactie    Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index -> Wat gebeurde er vandaag... Tijden zijn in GMT + 1 uur
Pagina 1 van 1

 
Ga naar:  
Je mag geen nieuwe onderwerpen plaatsen
Je mag geen reacties plaatsen
Je mag je berichten niet bewerken
Je mag je berichten niet verwijderen
Ja mag niet stemmen in polls


Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2002 phpBB Group