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24 september
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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2006 2:17    Onderwerp: 24 september Reageer met quote

Günstige Teilkämpfe im Westen
Großes Hauptquartier, 24. September, abends.
Auf dem westlichen Kriegsschauplatz sind heute im allgemeinen keine wesentlichen Ereignisse eingetreten. Einzelne Teilkämpfe waren den deutschen Waffen günstig.
Aus Belgien und vom östlichen Kriegsschauplatz ist nichts Neues zu melden. 1)


38000 Eiserne Kreuze
Berlin, 24. September. (Priv.-Tel.)

Wie wir hören, konnten in diesem Feldzuge bis jetzt etwa 38000 Eiserne Kreuze erster und zweiter Klasse verliehen werden. Die vor dem Feinde verliehenen Orden und Ehrenzeichen können beim Tode des Inhabers den Hinterbliebenen auf deren Wunsch belassen werden. Auch ist gestattet, diese Auszeichnungen auf Wunsch der Beteiligten in den Kirchen aufzubewahren. 2)

Bulgarische Erklärung an den Vierverband
Budapest, 24. September.
Nach Berichten aus Sofia haben die Ententegesandten Radoslawow gegenüber ihr Bedauern ausgedrückt, daß die Mobilisierung angeordnet worden sei, ehe der Standpunkt der bulgarischen Regierung gegenüber dem letzten Anerbieten der Entente ihnen kundgegeben worden sei. Die Gesandten erklärten, daß ihre Regierungen sich zu einem energischen Schritt gegenüber Serbien entschlossen hätten, jedoch erwarteten sie, daß die bulgarische Regierung ihre Entschlüsse aufschieben werde, bis dieser Schritt irgendein Ergebnis haben würde. Radoslawow erwiderte, die Mobilisierung könne nicht als eine Maßregel aufgefaßt werden, welche eine Spitze gegen die Ententemächte habe. Sie sei hervorgerufen worden, weil dem bulgarischen Gesandten in Nisch in einer Note erklärt worden sei, daß das ganze Gebiet längs der serbisch-bulgarischen Grenze zur Kriegszone erklärt worden sei. Die bulgarische Regierung habe die Entscheidung auf das Anerbieten der Entente verzögert, weil die Gesandten selbst ersuchten, die Beantwortung hinauszuschieben. Mittlerweile habe das Vorgehen der serbischen Regierung Bulgarien gezwungen, die unerläßlichen Vorkehrungen zu treffen.




Artilleriekampf westlich St. Quentin
Großes Hauptquartier, 24. September 1918.

Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht:
Nordwestlich von Dixmuiden und nordöstlich von Ypern machten wir bei erfolgreichen Unternehmungen 70 Gefangene. Nördlich von Moeuvres wurden Teilangriffe des Feindes abgewiesen. Die Artillerietätigkeit war im Kanalabschnitt südlich von Arleux gesteigert.
Heeresgruppe Böhn:
In örtlichen Gegenangriffen nahmen wir südlich von Villers-Guislain und östlich von Epéhy Teile der in den letzten Kämpfen in Feindeshand verbliebenen Grabenstücke wieder und machten hierbei Gefangene. Gegenstöße des Feindes wurden abgewiesen. Zwischen Omignon-Bach und der Somme lebte der Artilleriekampf am Abend auf.
Leutnant Rumey errang seinen 41. Luftsieg.
Bei den anderen Heeresgruppen keine besonderen Kampfhandlungen. Lebhafte Erkundungstätigkeit in der Champagne.



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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2006 2:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1918 : Bulgaria seeks ceasefire with Allied powers

On September 24, 1918, the government of Bulgaria issues an official statement announcing it had sent a delegation to seek a ceasefire with the Allied powers that would end Bulgaria’s participation in World War I.


After being secretly courted as an ally by both sides in the opening months of the war, Bulgaria had decided in favor of Germany and the Central Powers in October 1915. By the end of that same month, Bulgarian forces had clashed with Serbia’s army in the former Ottoman province on Macedonia, driving a wedge between Serbia and Allied forces in Greece that were attempting to come to that country’s aid. In the summer of 1916, Bulgaria invaded and occupied a section of then-neutral Greece, mounting a major offensive in August that was only halted by British aerial and naval attacks. In April 1917, further British attacks against the Bulgarian trenches at Macedonia’s Lake Doiran proved unsuccessful, and the two sides remained locked in stalemate for much of the following year.


Over the course of 1918, as the Allies began to put more pressure on Germany on the Western Front, the Germans were forced to transfer many of their troops from the Salonika front—as the battlegrounds of northern Greece and Macedonia were known—where they had been aiding their Bulgarian allies. As a result, a planned Bulgarian offensive for that summer was canceled, contributing to disintegrating morale and growing discontent among the Bulgarian troops and on the home front, where people were starving. In mid-September, the Allies capitalized on the enemy’s weakness by launching their own offensive in Salonika, led by French General Louis Franchet d’Esperey. Less than a week after the initial attack against German and Bulgarian positions in Macedonia, the Allies had captured Lake Doiran. Defeat in Macedonia sparked unrest in the Bulgarian capital city, Sofia, including mutinies in the army garrison.


On September 24, with British forces approaching the Bulgarian frontier—they would cross it the following day—the Bulgarian government issued a statement announcing that due to "the conjunction of circumstances which have recently arisen," its authorities had "authorized the Commander-in-Chief of the army to propose to the Generalissimo of the armies of the Entente at Salonika a cessation of hostilities and the entering into of negotiations for obtaining an armistice and peace." Armistice talks began on September 28, and Bulgaria formally exited World War I the following day, having lost a total of 90,000 soldiers over the course of the conflict.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2006 8:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Der Weltkrieg am 24. September 1914

DEUTSCHER HEERESBERICHT



Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Günstige Teilkämpfe im Westen

Großes Hauptquartier, 24. September, abends.
Auf dem westlichen Kriegsschauplatz sind heute im allgemeinen keine wesentlichen Ereignisse eingetreten. Einzelne Teilkämpfe waren den deutschen Waffen günstig.
Aus Belgien und vom östlichen Kriegsschauplatz ist nichts Neues zu melden. 1)


Vom siegreichen Heere Hindenburgs

Berlin 24. September (Priv.-Tel.)
Die "Königsberger Hartungsche Zeitung" veröffentlicht folgenden in Insterburg am 15. September erlassenen Tagesbefehl des Generalobersten v. Hindenburg an seine Ostarmee:

Soldaten der 8. Armee. Ihr habt neue Lorbeeren um Eure Fahnen gewunden. In zweitägiger Schlacht an den masurischen Seen und in mehrtägiger rücksichtsloser Verfolgung durch Littauen hindurch bis weit über die russische Grenze hinaus habt Ihr nun auch die letzte der beiden in Ostpreußen eingedrungenen feindlichen Armeen, die aus den 2., 3., 4., 20., 22. Armeekorps, dem 3. sibirischen Armeekorps, der 1. und 5. Schützenbrigade, der 53., 54., 56., 57., 72. und 76. Reservedivision, der 1. und 2. Gardekavalleriedivision bestehende Wilnaer Armee, nicht nur geschlagen, sondern zerschmettert. Bis jetzt sind mehrere Fahnen, etwa 30000 unverwundete Gefangene, mindestens 150 Geschütze, viele Maschinengewehre und Munitionskolonnen sowie zahllose Kriegsfahrzeuge aus den weiten Gefechtsfeldern angebracht worden. Die Zahl der Kriegsbeute nimmt aber immer noch zu. Eurer Kampfesfreudigkeit, Euren bewunderungswürdigen Marschleistungen und Eurer glänzenden Tapferkeit ist dies zu danken. Gebt Gott die Ehre, er wird auch ferner mit uns sein. Es lebe Seine Majestät der Kaiser und König.

Der Oberbefehlshaber:
v. Hindenburg, Generaloberst.



Die deutsche Gesandtschaft in Kopenhagen hat dem Bureau Ritzau, wie das "B. T." erfährt, mitgeteilt daß sich die Reste der südlich von Insterburg geschlagenen Armee Rennenkampfs (russisches Njemenheer) nur durch eilige Flucht über den Njemen hinter die Festungen Olita und Kowno retten konnten. Nach einer vorläufigen Zählung sind allein bei Tannenberg und in den masurischen Seen 150000 Russen umgekommen. Die bisher auf den verschiedenen Kriegsschauplätzen erbeuteten feindlichen Geschütze belaufen sich schon auf über 2000.

Die "Frankfurter Zeitung" schrieb am 24. September 1914:
In Galizien ist nach der Räumung Lembergs und der Neuordnung der österreichisch-ungarischen Armeen in einer längst vorbereiteten, stark befestigten Stellung ein gewisser Stillstand der Operationen eingetreten, da die Russen offensichtlich nach den langen Kämpfen schwer ermüdet sind und der Nachschub von Verstärkungen anscheinend nicht mehr in dem nämlichen Tempo wie früher erfolgt. Dies dürfte darauf zurückzuführen sein, daß die Siege der Armee Hindenburg die Russen nötigen, größere Kräfte an den durch die Deutschen bedrohten Stellungen zu bilden. Trotz alledem fahren sie fort, die Welt mit Siegesnachrichten zu überschütten, die der Tripelentente freilich nur eine geringe Entschädigung für das völlige Versagen ihrer Pläne gegen Deutschland bieten können. Wie unzuverlässig dabei selbst die amtliche Bekanntmachungen des russischen Oberkommandos sind, geht schon daraus hervor, daß am 14. September das amtliche Petersburger Nachrichtenbureau der Welt verkündete, Rußland habe bereits 200000 Kriegsgefangene gemacht während die nämliche Nachrichtenquelle zwei Tage später die Zahl der Kriegsgefangenen noch auf "über 100000" beziffert.
Bei solchen maßlosen Übertreibungen werden schließlich auch die Neutralen den Wert der russischen Meldungen sehr niedrig einschätzen.


38000 Eiserne Kreuze

Berlin, 24. September. (Priv.-Tel.)
Wie wir hören, konnten in diesem Feldzuge bis jetzt etwa 38000 Eiserne Kreuze erster und zweiter Klasse verliehen werden. Die vor dem Feinde verliehenen Orden und Ehrenzeichen können beim Tode des Inhabers den Hinterbliebenen auf deren Wunsch belassen werden. Auch ist gestattet, diese Auszeichnungen auf Wunsch der Beteiligten in den Kirchen aufzubewahren. 2)


Die Vernichtung der englischen Panzerkreuzer

Amsterdam, 24. September. (Priv.-Tel.)
Die englische Presse sucht nach Möglichkeit den gewaltigen Eindruck abzuschwächen, den der Verlust von drei großen Kreuzern im Publikum hervorruft, aber die Tatsache, daß alle Blätter spaltenlange Leitartikel darüber bringen, zeigt zur Genüge, wie ernst der Vorfall genommen wird. Die "Daily News" sagt gerade heraus, das Unglück, das die britische Flotte in der Nordsee getroffen habe, sei das ernsthafteste, das irgend eine der Mächte zur See bis jetzt in diesem Krieg erlitten habe. Dann zeigt das Blatt, daß die deutsche Flotte in ihrem Hafen sicher geborgen, sozusagen blockiert sei, während die englische Flotte die Aufgabe habe, die Ratte aus dem Loch zu locken, weshalb sie immer Unterseeangriffen bloßgestellt sei. Einmütig möchte die Presse die verlorenen Schiffe als veraltet hinstellen. Die "Times" tut dabei entrüstet, weil zwei der großen Kreuzer in Grund gebohrt wurden, während sie die Schiffbrüchigen, des "Aboukir" retten wollten. Das Ereignis zeige, welch tödliche, machtvolle Waffe das Unterseeboot sei, das, wahrscheinlich von Emden kommend, einen Aktionsradius von 2000 Meilen besitze. Die "Daily News" betitelt ihren Artikel: "Ein neuer Schreck der Meere" und sagt, der Materialschaden sei zwar groß, man könne aber hoffen, daß der moralische Einfluß gleich Null sei.

London, 24. September. (W. B.)
Die "Times" schlägt anläßlich des Unterganges von drei Kreuzern vor, die deutsche Küste mit einem Minengürtel zu umgeben, um den Feind einzuschließen.

London, 24. September. (W. B.)
"Manchester Guardian" sagt, man dürfe den Verlust der Schiffe nicht leicht nehmen. Hätten englische Unterseeboote in wenigen Minuten drei Kreuzer zerstört, so hätte man das eine brillante Leistung genannt.

Rom, 24. September. (W. B.)
Die Vernichtung dreier großer englischer Kreuzer durch ein einziges deutsches Unterseeboot machte hier ungemein großen Eindruck. Man geht kaum fehl, wenn man sagt, daß diesem Seeerfolg für die Bewertung der deutschen Machtstellung durch die italienische Bevölkerung höher anzuschlagen ist als die bisherigen bedeutendsten Landsiege.
"Popolo Romano" schreibt: Für unsere Marine hat diese Tat unter Berücksichtigung unserer maritimen Lage ganz hervorragende Bedeutung. Die Episode ist der springende Punkt des Tages, während noch die Schlacht zwischen den Franzosen und den Deutschen ohne hervorstechende Veränderungen andauert. Die "Vita" schreibt: Der Verlust dieser drei schönen Schiffe ist auch für eine grandiose Flotte wie die englische fühlbar. Aber größer als der materielle Schaden wird für England der moralische Effekt fühlbar sein. Unterseeboote haben diese drei Kreuzer angegriffen, weil sie nichts Besseres vor sich hatten, aber sie hätten auf dieselbe Weise die stärksten Linienkreuzer angreifen und in gleicher Weise versenken können. Die "Tribuna" meint: Die Vernichtung der englischen Kreuzer ganz nahe an der belgischen Küste beweist, daß die Anwendung von Unterseebooten im modernen Kriege, wenn sie von kühnen und geschickten Leuten geführt werden, viel einschneidender ist, als bisher die Flottensachverständigen glaubten. Die Höhe von Hoek van Holland ist einige hundert Meilen von der Operationsbasis der deutschen Flotte entfernt. Es ist deshalb für uns ein gewisses Wunder, daß die Unterseeboote sich so weit von der Basis entfernen und dabei eine so große Offensivkraft in den Meeresarm der Nordsee tragen konnten, der die englische von der holländischen Küste trennt.

Stockholm, 24. September. (Priv.-Tel.)
Die Vernichtung der drei englischen Panzerkreuzer durch ein einziges deutsches Unterseeboot macht in Schweden tiefen Eindruck. Man sieht sich infolge der deutschen Überlegenheit mit dieser technischen Waffe zu einer Umwertung aller maritimen Werte gezwungen. Der Glaube, daß Englands Seeherrschaft durch seine Schiffsriesen unbedingt gesichert sei, ist in den nordischen Staaten ins Wanken geraten. 2)


Die Japaner gegen Tsingtau

Frankfurt, 24. September.
Die Meldungen, die bisher über die Vorgänge vor und um Tsingtau vorliegen, stammen, wie ganz erklärlich, lediglich aus japanischen beziehungsweise englischen Qullen. Sie sind daher in keiner Weise kontrollierbar, doch zeigen diese Meldungen eine gewisse Logik, so daß man ihrer Wahrhaftigkeit Glauben schenken und daraus Schlüsse über das Vormarschsystem der Japaner ziehen kann.
Von vornherein war es klar, daß die Japaner, um tatkräftig gegen das deutsche Schutzgebiet vorgehen zu können, auf chinesischem Boden Truppen landen, das heißt die chinesische Neutralität verletzen müßten. Das scheint nunmehr geschehen zu sein. Eine Pekinger Nachricht meldet zunächst, daß die chinesische Regierung, ihrer Handlungsweise im russisch - japanischen Kriege folgend - Präzedenzfälle sanktionieren in China alles - das Gebiet Lungkow - Laitschou -Kiautschou für die kriegerischen Operationen freigegeben habe. Durch dieses chinesische Zugeständnis wird den Japanern also die Möglichkeit gegeben, von der Landseite aus gegen Tsingtau vorzugehen. Das erscheint als ein keineswegs freundlicher Akt Chinas Deutschland gegenüber. Man geht indessen wohl nicht fehl, wenn man annimmt, daß sich die chinesische Regierung nur unter starkem Druck zu diesem Zugeständnis bereit erklärt hat. Wir wollen den Chinesen also nicht grollen, denn schließlich ist es am Ende besser für die deutschen Interessen im fernen Osten, daß China nicht selbst mit in den Krieg hinein verwickelt wird, als wenn die chinesische Regierung dem japanischen Neutralitätsbruch einen aussichtslosen Widerstand entgegensetzen würde.
Die von den Japanern getroffene Wahl des Operationgebietes ist durchaus geschickt. Lungkow ist ein Vertragshafen, den China kürzlich dem internationalen Handel geöffnet hat. Die natürliche Beschaffenheit dieses Hafens gestattet den kleinen Küstendampfern, über die Japan in großer Zahl verfügt, einen ungehinderten Zutritt. Truppenlandungen können also mit Leichtigkeit erfolgen. Lungkow liegt am Golf von Tschili, Port Arthur gegenüber. Die Truppentransporte haben demnach keinen großen Weg zurückzulegen, auch können sie leicht gegen Überraschungen geschützt werden; denn die durch zahlreiche Inseln beschränkte Zahl von Fahrstraßen durch die Meerenge von Tschili ist mit Leichtigkeit abzusperren. Von Lungkow bis zur Schantungbahn ist es nicht weit. Eine neue Meldung vom fernen Osten besagt nun, daß die Japaner in Schantung den Bau einer Feldbahn zum Transport von Truppen unternommen hätten. Die Annahme erscheint also berechtigt, daß die Japaner sich bemühen, Lungkow oder einen anderen Punkt an der Bucht von Laitschou mit der Schantungbahn durch einen Schienestrang zu verbinden. Die Japaner sind also bemüht, feste rückwärtige Verbindungen herzustellen, bevor sie die eigentliche Belagerung von Tsingtau eröffnen. Es ist ferner bemerkenswert, daß in dem von China eingeräumten Operationsgebiet der englische Hafen Weihaiwei liegt, die Japaner in tiefem also für ihre Landungsbewegungen einen seitlichen Stützpunkt haben.
Telegramme, die am 17. September hier eintrafen melden, daß die Bahnstation von Kiautschou von Japan benutzt sei und japanische Kavallerie Tsimo erreicht habe. Diese Meldungen brauchen in keiner Weise zu beunruhigen, sie bedeuten nur, daß die Japaner im Anmarsch auf unser Schutzgebiet sind. Das chinesische Kiautschou hat mit der deutschen Kolonie nichts als den Namen gemein. Kiautschou liegt am entgegengesetzten Ufer der Bucht, der es den Namen gibt, und es ist eigentlich unverständlich, wie unsere Besitzung als Kiautschou-Pachtgebiet bezeichnet werden konnte. Wenn die Japaner jetzt die Hand auf die Bahnstation von Kiautschou gelegt haben, so haben sie damit also keineswegs deutsches Gebiet besetzt und auch nicht in die deutsche Verteidigungslinie eingegriffen. Was nun Tsimo anbetrifft, so braucht uns das Auftreten von japanischer Kavallerie an jener Stelle erst recht nicht zu beunruhigen. Tsimo liegt weit außerhalb der Laoschang-Gruppe, die Tsingtau als natürliches Bollwerk gegen das chinesische Inland stützt, und so lange die Japaner dieses nicht überschritten haben, kann überhaupt von einer eigentlichen Belagerung von Tsingtau noch nicht die Rede sein. Wir haben also nach den vorliegenden feindlichen Meldungen bisher nur mit vorbereitenden Maßregeln der Japaner zu tun, und der eine Monat, der seit der japanischen Kriegserklärung verflossen ist, hat die deutsche Kolonie unbehelligt gelassen. Wenn jetzt der japanische Aufmarsch wohl auch bald beendet sein wird, so ist Tsingtau gerüstet und wird sich zu verteidigen wissen. 2)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2006 11:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Es geschah am September 24....

1915 U 41 westlich der Scilly Inseln von dem Q-Schiff "Baralong" versenkt. 35 Tote und 2 Überlebende.


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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2006 11:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=1871
Voor meer informatie over het gebeuren met de Baralong
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 16:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Daily Events, September 1914

24 September: The 42nd D.I. is ordered to attack the entrenched German line north of Sillery. Despite several heroic and spirited attempts, the division is unable to make any headway and returns to it's original positions.

September 24
- China - British troops, arriving at Laoshan Bay on September 22, support Japanese attack on Tsingtao. The Japanese have been preparing for this attack since their arrival September 2 on the Shantung peninsula
- Galician Battles - Russians besiege the fortress town of Przemysl and attack Carpathian passes in preparation for their invasion of northern Hungary.

http://greatwarforum.proboards.com/index.cgi?board=majorbattles&action=print&thread=627
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 16:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant, 24 september 1914
Bron: Koninklijke Bibliotheek

Tweede Kamer
Het Dev. Dbld. meldt, dat de heer L.C. Westenenk, die benoemd was tot inspecteur-generaal in Anatolië (Klein-Azië), hier te lande is teruggekeerd. Ook zijn Noorsche collega, de heer Hoff, zou de terugreis aanvaarden, aangezien de Ottomaansche regeering van den oorlog gebruik maakt, om de voorgenomen hervormingen geheel achterwege te laten.

http://www.agindepers.nl/kwestie/NRC-24-9-1914.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 16:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Accrington Pals battalion

Training was well underway before recruitment of the Accrington Pals battalion was completed on 24th September 1914. As early as the 18th, recruits had assembled at the Ambulance Drill Hall before marching to Ellison's Tenement where they practised drills and manoeuvres.1 In these early days, the drills evidently provided some amusement for the watching public; a letter to the editor of the Accrington Observer & Times complained:

"Raw recruits want drilling, and even the elementary evolutions cannot be learned all at once. It has been very trying, therefore, for those who have assembled for drill on Ellison's Tenement to have heard the giggles of idle women and frivolous girls, mixed with the sneers of the supercilious men at the slightest misapprehension and mistake of a man or two."

http://www.pals.org.uk/training.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 16:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De Groote Oorlog - het verhaal en gezicht achter de militairen, verplegend personeel en bevolking tijdens Wereldoorlog I

Belegering van Antwerpen

Tijdens die rustperiode werd het 5e linieregiment met het 26e linieregiment samengevoegd en de drie Bataillons, bestaande uit vier kompagnie's werden herleidt tot twee Bataillons van drie kompagnie's.

Het 25e linieregiment bestond dus niet meer.

Ik werd bij de eerste kompagnie van het 5e linie­regiment, bij kommandant Vaesens, ingedeeld. De meeste officieren waren gesneuveld, gekwetst of krijgsgevangen genomen, en om die leemte aan te vullen werden beroeps-onderofficieren tot luitenant bevorderd ; zelfs brigadiers bij de Gendarmerie wer­den tot onderluitenant benoemd.

Tot 24 september 1914 bleef de brigade in hetzelfde kantonnement, en op 25 september werd de kompagnie te Aartselaar gekantonneerd.

Op 27 september 1914, vertrekt de brigade naar Mechelen voor een derde uitval. In de nacht van 27e en 28e september kantonneerde we te Walem.

In de vroege morgen richtte de brigade, in versnelde pas, zich naar Mechelen onder de beschieting van kartetvuur van kannonnen. Onze kompagnie had als opdracht de richting van het spoorstation van Meche­len en de daarnaast liggende Leuvensevaart. De Duit­sers hadden stelling genomen in de driehoek gevormd door de spoorwegdam van de lijn Brussel-Mechelen, de spoorwegdam van de lijn Mechelen-Dendermonde. en achter de Leuvensevaart. In die driehoek, in een park, stond het gebouw van het .Instituut Coloma , met een hoog verheven torentje. De Duitsers hadden machinegeweren in dit torentje geinstalleerd, en van daaruit beschoten ze de sporen van de spoorweg en het station zelf. Die beschieting was zo hevig dat alle vooruitgang onmogelijk was ; wij moesten noodge­dwongen ons terugtrekken.

http://degrooteoorlog.skynetblogs.be/archive/2008/02/07/memoires-van-de-oorlog-1914-1918-deel-v.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 16:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Butte de Vauquois

(...) De Duitsers, bezig met hun strijd tegen het IIIe Franse Leger om Verdun te omsingelen, bezetten de heuvel van Vauquois op 24 september 1914 waarbij het Franse 82e Regiment Infanterie moest terugtrekken. De Duitsers veranderden de heuvel letterlijk in een fort dat werd beschermd door hun artillerie in de achter deze heuvel gelegen bossen van Cheppy en Montfaucon. (...)

http://www.meuse-ardennes.com/vauqois.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 16:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Race to the Sea, 15 September-14 October 1914

(...) On 24 September a full scale battle developed along the entire line from the Oise to the Somme. The Germans concentrated their attack at Roye, half way between the two rivers, hoping to cut off the French armies advancing to the north. Their attack failed, but did force Castelnau to abandon his offensive plans.

The fighting now began to move north of the Somme. (...)

Rickard, J (15 September 2007), Race to the Sea, 15 September- 14 October 1914 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/wars_race_to_sea.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 16:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Naval Historical Society

24 September 1914

- HMAS PARRAMATTA, (torpedo boat destroyer), captured the German merchant vessels MEKLONG and BRASS MONKEY, in Mioko Harbour, New Britain.

- The German armed merchant cruiser KORMORAN, (CMDR Zuckschwerdt), arrived at Port Alexis several hours before the Australian armed merchant cruiser BERRIMA. The German ship hid in a side channel until BERRIMA departed.

http://www.navyhistory.org.au/category/navy-day-by-day/1914-1918/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 16:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Tolkien's Gedling, 1914: The Birth Of A Legend, a book about Jane Neave and Phoenix Farm

In John Garth's Tolkien and the Great War: The Threshold of Middle-earth we can read that Tolkien, at Phoenix Farm (on 24 September 1914), wrote with startling éclat:

Éarendel sprang up from the Ocean's cup
In the gloom of the mid-world's rim;
From the door of Night as a ray of light
Leapt over the twilight brim,
And launching his bark like a silver spark
From the golden-fading sand
Down the sunlit breath of Day's fiery Death
He sped from Westerland


In 1914 Tolkien stayed at his Aunt's farm, called Phoenix Farm, in Gedling. While the farm has now been demolished, it is said that it was there that Tolkien wrote this poem that in the end led to the Lord Of The Ring.

http://www.tolkienlibrary.com/press/828-Tolkien_Gedling_1914-The_Birth_Of_A_Legend.php
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 16:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

France at War - Vauquois the Lost Village

(...) The Germans took the hill on 24th September 1914 and heavily fortified it. Between October of the same year and March 1915 the French 10th Division, under General Vaidant, mounted several counter-attacks. At first they were unsupported by artillery, using only bayonets in heroic charges. They also used, for the first and last time at Vauquois, a flame-thrower but a north wind blew it back upon their own infantry. Eventually they overcame German resistance and established themselves on the south side of the hill, with the Germans occupying the north side supported by artillery in the woods of Cheppy and Montfaucon on a 6 km front. This is where both sides stayed for the next three years, mining towards each other with increasing ferocity. (...)

http://www.worldwar1.com/france/vacquois.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 17:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Athy Heritage Centre-Museum

(...) It was not long before the news of the first deaths in the trenches of France and Flanders reached Athy. Patrick Heydon, a private in the Irish Guards, was the first Athy man killed during the Great War. He died in France on 4th September 1914 when the war was just one week old. Eddie Stafford died on 24th September 1914 followed by his brother Tommy on 6th September 1916. Brothers Joe and Anthony Byrne were killed within two days of each other in 1915. The Kelly family of Meeting Lane lost their sons John and Owen who had enlisted in the Leinster regiment on the same day in May 1915. Their younger brother Denis was killed on 30th September 1918. The Curtis family of Kilcrow also lost three sons, Patrick, John and Laurence. When the war ended on 11th November 1918, 102 men from Athy town and 82 from the surrounding countryside had lost their lives. (...)

http://www.athyheritagecentre-museum.ie/worldwar1/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 17:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

GERMAN POETS

Alfred LICHTENSTEIN. Born in Berlin, 23 August 1889. Early poems published in Der Sturm, Die Aktion and Simplicissimus. Honored with a special issue of Die Aktion in 1913, featuring his poetry. Began compulsory year of military service in October of that same year. During the war, he served in the 2nd Bavarian Infantry Regiment. He was wounded in the attack on Vermandovillers on the Somme on 24 September 1914, and died soon after. (Wilfred Owen's regiment would retake Vermandovillers exactly four years later).

http://www.scuttlebuttsmallchow.com/listgerm.html
Zie ook http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Lichtenstein
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 17:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Tables of Modern Monetary Systems
by Kurt Schuler

Mozambique

Portugal introduced exchange controls on 24 September 1914 and revoked them on 18 October 1937. There were also a few controls from perhaps 1939 to 1947. Controls were intensified in the summer of 1947, made extensive on 9 February 1948, and removed on 1 January 1993, long after Portugal had ceased to have any colonies except the Chinese city of Macau.

The escudo, introduced in Portugal in 1911 and in its African colonies in 1914, was a chronically weak currency until the currency reform of 1928. During this period, the currencies of Angola and Mozambique frequently traded at a discount to the Portuguese escudo. The Banco Nacional Ultramarino, Portugal's private monopoly note-issuer for its colonies, was not required to keep its colonial currencies at par with the Portuguese escudo, though its revised charter of 31 November 1901 did require it to accept notes of one branch at any other branch at a discount of no more than 2%, except regarding Mozambique. (The bank did not issue notes in Portugal.) Transfers of funds to Lisbon became difficult and expensive. The Banco Nacional Ultramarino's issues in Mozambique denominated in pounds sterling also became inconvertible starting in early 1921, when the government permitted the bank to suspend convertibility.

http://users.erols.com/kurrency/mz.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 17:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Donderdag 24 september 1914 volgens Petrus van Nuffel:

Den 24 September wandelden in de Molenstraat een Belgisch officier en een Belgisch soldaat, die een kijkje gingen nemen op de vernielde spoorwegbrug. Een Belgische patroelje verbleef in de stad. Een aantal Duitschers waren gezien te Moorsel, andere te Hekelgem, en deze laatste waagden zich tot aan de Pontstraatpoort. Tusschen middernacht en één uur vloog een Zeppelin over Aalst, die lichtstralen afwierp en verdween in de richting van Oostende, waar hij drie bommen liet vallen. - Denzelfden dag werd hier door de Belgische militaire overheid een inwoner aangehouden, bij name Adolf Walbrecht (1), uit Duitsche ousche ouders geboren. Hij werd onmiddellijk naar Dendermonde gevoerd. Men kwam aldaar toe, tusschen 7 1/2 à 8 uur s'avonds; in de stad lagen wel 20.000 man troepen en op de Markt stroomde het van krijgsvolk. Aan de Veerbrug geraakte de automobiel tusschen twee vuren: de Duitschers schoten op het voertuig, en de Belgen, denkende met een vijandelijk auto te doen te hebben, deden hetzelfde. Walbrecht werd gedood, en de chauffeur was een hiel vermorzeld. Sinds zijn overbrenging naar Dendermonde wist hier niemand van Walbrecht meer te spreken; ondanks de opzoekingen, tijdens de bezetting, zijner vrouw en van de ouders, bleef steeds een zwaren sluier hangen over de omstandigheden zijner tragieke dood. Na den wapenstilstand stond een landbouwer van Grembergen op zijn veld te werken, wanneer hij met de schup tegen een hard voorwerp stootte; hij groef dieper en ontdekte de kist,die het lijk van Adolf Walbrecht bevatte.
Meer en meer begon de verlatenheid zich doen te gevoelen. Alle ekonomisch leven had opgehouden; de bevolking, gekwollen door het onzekere der tijden, bracht de lange dagen en bange nachten rusteloos door. Het weekblad De Denderbode bleef den 20 September weg, en De Volksstem verscheen voor het laatst den 25 daaropvolgende.

Mercatus weer... Wink http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?p=240029&sid=89ede95353ee72343d0cab1e54a1f6f7
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 17:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Stad Oostende - Stadsarchief

24 september 1914 - Een eerste Duits zeppelinbombardement richt veel materiële schade aan.

http://archief.oostende.be/product/91/default.aspx?_vs=0_n&id=4723
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 19:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The 1914 -1915 Star: Army

To all officers, warrant officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the British, Dominion, Colonial and Indian Forces, including civilian medical practitioners, nursing sisters, nurses and others employed with military hospitals, who actually served on the establishment of a unit in a theatre of war as defined below. The medal was awarded for services rendered in these theatres of war between the 5th August, 1914 and the 31st December, 1915, both dates inclusive.

For the purpose of this order the definition of " Theatres of War " will be as follows : — (...)

6. Australasian Theatre.—Included all operations in:—
(a) German New Guinea and Bismarck Archipelago as follows:—
(i) New Britain from 11th September, 1914 to 21st September, 1914.
(ii) New Ireland from 16th September, 1914 to 18th October, 1914.
(iii) Kaiser Wilhelm-Land on 24th September, 1914.
(iv) Admiralty Islands on 21st November, 1914.
(b) Nauru on 6th November, 1914.
(c) German Samoa on 29th August, 1914.

http://www.northeastmedals.co.uk/britishguide/ww1_1914_15_star_award.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 19:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

An Officer's Letters From 1914
Thursday, 22 May 2008

Lord James Thomas Stewart Murray (1) was the youngest child of the 7th Duke of Atholl and was born on 18th August 1879. He served a total of twenty-three years in the Cameron Highlanders and attained the rank of Major. As a Lieutenant in the 3/ Cameron Highlanders he took part as an ensign in the presentation of new colours to the battalion in 1909. During the Boer War (1899-1902) he was seconded to the Scottish Horse, a Yeomanry unit raised by his brother, Major John George Stewart-Murray, DSO.

On 12th August 1914 he left Edinburgh Castle as a Captain and adjutant in "D" Company, 1st Battalion, Cameron Highlanders. On 27th August, during the retreat from Mons, he was ordered to secure the bridge at Guise and prevent the French from blowing it up and cutting off the I Corps of the British Expeditionary Force. This was successfully done.

Captain Stewart-Murray's first letter was written aboard a ship returning to Britain with many of the BEF's first casualties and describes what happened to him and his battalion:

Asturias , Sept. 24th 1914.

My dear Father,

Perhaps you will wonder why you have not heard from me. The fact is that the censorship is so strict that I hardly thought it worthwhile, as I was not allowed to mention the names of any of the places or what we were doing. It seems a year since the regiment left Edinburgh, though it was only on August 12th, not much more than six weeks ago. So much has happened since then. I am now on my way back again, having been invalided with a slight wound in the right fore-arm, received on the 14th [September] at the battle of Aisne. A short time previously the regiment had been ordered to concentrate in order that they might take the place of the Munster Fusiliers in the 1st Brigade, that regiment having been cut up during a rear guard a short time previously. My company ["D"] actually joined the Brigade on the 8th [September], the day two companies of my regiment had a bit of a skirmish with a party of Jaeger Guards who formed part of the German rear guard who were opposing our passage over the Marne. Poor Johnstone (2) was killed. He had married Lord Ruthven's grand daughter only two months previously. [Captain Charles Antoine de G.] Dalglish and [Lieutenant Ewen Holmes H.J.] Wilson in the Black Watch were killed and Maurice Drummond severely wounded.

On the 13th we crossed the Aisne at Bourg and found the enemy occupying a strong position on the other side. On the 14th the Brigade took part in the attack on this position near a village called Van-dresse. I care to say little about the battle, as my poor regiment suffered so severely. They lost 17 officers and about 450 men. We fear 9 of these officers have been killed, 21 officers and about 900 men having been actually engaged. We were ordered to attack across an open plateau, exposed to the most awful shell fire. My company was the leading one, and suffered most severely. We went into action with 5 officers and 221 men, the roll call after the battle showed no officers and 86 men, I fear Mackintosh (3), Alastair Murray (Polmaise) (4) and Hector Cameron (5) are all gone, Iain Maxwell (6) (Lovat's nephew) was severely wounded, and I myself slightly. My Company Sergeant Major (7) was killed. I felt his loss very much, as we had done 10 years' service together continuously in the same company. Part of the Black Watch (who were on the right) and most of my company got almost as far as a sugar factory held by the enemy, only to be beaten back with tremendous losses.

It was reported to me that Geordie [Major Lord George Stewart-Murray, Black Watch] had been wounded in the head with a shell close to this place, but I never could find any trace of him. I did not report sick myself for four days, in order that I might make enquiries, and search the hospitals. I see he is reported in the casualty list as wounded, so he must have been picked up by the stretcher bearers of some other brigade. I was forced in the end to go sick myself so I trust as is well with him.

The casualties in the first brigade were about 50 officers and 1,100 men. On the 15th, 16th and 17th the battle still continued though it was little more than an artillery [duel] and the enemy had a heavy gun a long way off which sent an enormous amount of lydite percussion shells in our direction. She was nicknamed by the troops "Black Maria" from the black clouds of smoke made by the shell, or "Sighing Susan" from the whistling of the shell overhead. She was little harm, however, I was in a hospital at Vendrea which got shelled with shrapnel one piece entering through my window. The patients were moved to Villies, on the south side of the Aisne. On Saturday the 19th the 1st Brigade was withdrawn to Bourg, being relieved by another one, and I was removed with the other wounded in a very uncomfortable motor lorry to Brain, where we were put into an ambulance train, which proceeded at a snail's pace via Versailles, Angers and Mantes to St. Nazaire in the Bay of Biscay, arriving there Tuesday morning (21st September) over two days and two nights in the train. We reach Southampton tomorrow morning and proceed straight to London, where we shall be transferred to one of the military hospitals.

I expect to be discharged with short leave almost at once and hope to arrive at Blair Sunday or Monday. In any case I will send a wire. I enclose a rough sketch of the battle of the Aisne showing the disposition of my regiment [not reproduced] and some of the Black Watch only. It may be all wrong, but there was some confusion which can only be straightened out later. I believe the Coldstreams were originally on our right and the Scots Guards on the left. The third brigade seemed to have come up too late on the left. I got detached with a mixed lot of our men. No. 15 platoon of my own company on the extreme left, and realised that I was quite unprotected. We were fired at by the enemy from the front and left, and by our own troops on the right after which we had to retire which I did down the valley, the shell fire being too heavy on the crest line. I came up again in the new alignment, and had to take up rather an exposed position on the left of a quarry. It was here I got shot.

I dare say you would like to know something about our movements at the beginning of the war. The battalion as you know, were detailed as army troops, and my company ("D") were selected as escort to GOC 1st Army [Corps], i.e.. Sir Douglas Haig (not General Grierson as originally intended) [sic]. Captain Mackintosh commanded and I was second in command. We had three subalterns, Hector Cameron, Iain Maxwell and Alastair Murray, who commanded 14, 15 and 16 platoons respectively. We left Havre on August 15th and proceeded by train via Amiens and Rouen to Wassigny near Le Cateau. Here we halted for four days, while the concentration of the army took place.

On the 21st we accompanied General Haig north to the Belgium frontier, half the company being in picquette six miles south of Mons on the 23rd, the day of that disaster to our troops. We took part in the subsequent retreat, covering nearly 200 miles in 12 days, an average of nearly 17 miles.

The marching was terrible, but it had to be done. Our men stuck it splendidly. We were in Landrecies with the 4th Brigade at the time it was attacked [25/26th August] by a raiding party of German cavalry and infantry in motor lorries with two or three guns. It was a night attack and an anxious time. The Germans attacked with extraordinary determination, but were mown down by the Coldstream machine guns. About 800 of their dead and wounded were picked up by our own doctors. The losses of the 4th Brigade (second battalion Cold-stream, Grenadiers and Irish Guards) being about 130. Though the marches were long and trying, we were always well off for food, the country abounding in eggs, fruit, milk and butter. The people were very hospitable and we usually billeted in villages. As the army retired, all the inhabitants fled from their houses and followed us. It was a pitiful sight, women and children tramping alongside the troops or riding in farm carts when they could get them.

Our line of retirement was through Guise, Soissons and Leaux.

On the 5th September, two days previously I saw Geordie with his regiment in Coulommiers; he was very pleased because he had captured a party of Uhlans who had ridden into a wire entanglement round his picquettes. I believe he collected their lances for you. The last time I saw him was on the 13th during the midday halt after we crossed the Aisne at Bourg.

I expect to be home only a very short time as my wound is trifling and my regiment is badly in need of officers.

Hoping to see you soon.
Hamish

Notes
1. Lord James Thomas Stewart-Murray, 9th Duke of Atholl. Born: 18th August 1879. Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant: 3rd January 1900. Lieutenant: 29th May 1901. Captain: 14th May 1910. Major; 1st September 1915. Retired: 17th February 1921.
Awards: 'Queen's South Africa Medal' (Cape Colony, Johannesburg. Diamond Hill and Wittebergen clasps), 'King's South Africa Medal' (South Africa 1901 and South Africa 1902 clasps), '1914 Star' (August to November clasp), '1914-1920 War Medal', and 'Victory Medal'.
2. Reginald Fitzroy Lewis Johnstone. Born: 6th June 1884. Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant: 14th May 1904. Lieutenant: 2nd December 1909. Killed in action: 8th September 1914. Lieutenant Johnstone of "A" Company, was the first officer of the Cameron Highlanders to die in the Great War.
Awards: '1914 Star' (August to November clasp), '1914-1920 War Medal', and 'Victory Medal'.
3. Alastair Hugh Macintosh. Born: 19th July 1880. Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant: 27th September 1899. Lieutenant: 21st April 1901. Captain: 14th May 1910. Killed in action: 14th September 1914.
Awards: 'Queen's South Africa Medal' (Cape Colony, Johannesburg, Diamond Hill, Wittebergen and South Africa 1901 clasps), '1914 Star' (August to November clasp), '1914-1920 War Medal' and 'Victory Medal'.
4. Alastair John Greville Murray (Polmaise). Born: 22nd July 1894. Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant 25th February 1914. Killed in action: 14th September 1914.
Awards: '1914 Star' (August to November clasp), '1914-1920 War Medal' and 'Victory Medal'.
5. Hector William Lcvett Cameron. Bom: 2nd September 1892. Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant: 20th September 1911. Lieutenant (Posthumous): 27th September 1914. Killed in action: 14th September 1914.
Awards: '1914 Star' (August to November clasp), '1914-1920 War Medal' and 'Victory Medal'.
6. Ian Simon Joseph Constable Maxwell (Herries). Born: 15th April 1891. 2nd Lieutenant (transfer from Lovat Scouts): 21st January 1914. Lieutenant 12th October 1914. Captain: 1st October 1915. Severely wounded: 14th September 1914. Later posted to 3rd Battalion and transferred to Staff: 15th July 1917 and posted to 2nd Battalion: 1919.
Awards: '1914 Star' (August to November clasp), '1914-1920 War Medal' and 'Victory Medal'.
7. James Wood. Attested as Private (No. 5260): 7th April 1900. Promoted to Company Sergeant-Major: 1st October 1913. Killed in action: 14th September 1914.
Awards: 'Queen's South Africa Medal' (Cape Colony, Orange Free State, Transvaal and South Africa 1902 clasps), '1914-1920 War Medal', 'Victory Medal' and French 'Medaille Militaire'.


http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/great-war-people/48-brothers-arms/300-off-letter-1914.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 19:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Siege of Przemysl, 24 September-11 October and 6 November 1914-22 March 1915

Przemysl was a major fortified city on the Austro-Hungarian border with Russia, north of the Carpathian Mountains. In 1914 it had recently been modified. Its defences were similar to those of similar places in Western Europe, with a circuit of modern forts surrounding the city. At the start of the war, Przemysl was used to support the Austro-Hungarian armies as they launched their first invasion of Russian Poland. The Austrian Fourth Army had moved north from Przemysl, defeating the Russian Fifth Army at the battle of Komarow (26 August-1 September 1914).

The Austrian offensive soon ended in failure and retreat. By mid-September Austrian troops were streaming south past Przemysl towards the Carpathians, where a new Austrian line would soon be formed. One army corps joined the garrison of Przemysl within the defences of the fortress, a total of 150,000 men.

The first part of the siege began on 24 September, when the Russians cut off the last route out. The Russians did not have the same strength in heavy artillery as the Germans or Austrians, and the siege developed into a lengthy blockade.

The first phase of the siege was short lived. October 1914 saw a German attack on Warsaw, which forced the Russians to withdraw troops from the Carpathian front. This allowed the Austrians to advance back towards their original border, and on 11 October the siege was lifted. The last action of the first siege was a costly Russian assault that failed to threaten the city.

This would be a short lived reprieve. The German attack on Warsaw failed, and the Austrians were once again forced to retreat back towards the Carpathians. The siege was renewed on 9 November, this time by the Russian Eleventh Army. This time there were 110,000 Austro-Hungarian troops in the fortress, with enough supplies for three months.

The fate of Przemysl was decided by the failure of the Austro-Hungarian winter offensive of 1915. One minor aim of this offensive had been the relief of Przemysl, while the wider aims including a massive pincer operation in coordination with the Germans in East Prussia that would result in the capture of all of Russian Poland. Neither objective succeeded.

Once it was clear that the relief effort had failed, the Austrians launched a final sortie from Przemysl, and then on 22 March surrendered. 2,500 officers, 117,000 men and 1,000 guns were captured by the Russians.

The Russians were soon forced back out of Przemysl. A combined German-Austrian offensive ended with the great victory of Gorlice-Tarnów, which forced the Russians to abandon the entire Polish salient. On 3 June, less than three months after it had surrendered, the Austrians recaptured Przemysl.

Rickard, J (28 August 2007), Siege of Przemysl, 24 September-11 October and 6 November 1914-22 March 1915 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/siege_przemysl.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 19:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Twee maanden oorlog - Wat er in Asse van augustus tot eind september 1914 voorviel
Jaak Ockeley

(...) Van 21 tot 24 september was het hier één voorbijrijden van cyclisten met wagens. In de winkels, de magazijnen en bij de boeren namen zij veel in beslag. De eetwaren klimmen steeds maar meer in prijs; bloem, kaas, boter, vlees... is niet meer te bekomen. De pastoors van Brussegem en Ossel werden opnieuw opgepakt en werden twee dagen, samen met een aantal parochianen, opgesloten in hun kerk. Andere pastoors sloegen op de vlucht. (...)

http://www.ascania.be/ascaoorlog02.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 19:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Baralong Incidents

Action of 24 September 1915 - On 24 September 1915, Baralong sank the U-boat U-41, for which her commanding officer at the time, Lieutenant-Commander A. Wilmot-Smith, was later awarded £170 prize bounty.

The U-41 was in the process of sinking SS Urbino with gunfire when the Baralong arrived on the scene, flying an American flag. When U-41 surfaced near the Baralong, the latter opened fire, continuing to fly the American flag, and sank the U-boat.

Aftermath of the second incident - There were no neutral witnesses to the events that followed, apart from the German and British sailors present. Oberleutnant zur See Iwan Crompton later reported on the incident after he returned from a British prisoner of war camp, reporting that the Baralong had run down the lifeboat he was in; he leapt clear and was shortly after taken aboard the Baralong. The British crew denied that they had run down the lifeboat.

Crompton later published an account of U-41's exploits in 1917, "U-41: der zweite Baralong-Fall", which called the sinking of U-41 a "second Baralong case".

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baralong_Incidents#Action_of_24_September_1915
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 19:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Morval

The Battles of the Somme: Battle of Morval, 25 - 28 September, 1916

The days immediately following 15 September attack were marked on Fourth Army’s front by a series of minor line-adjusting operations conducted in deteriorating weather. The increasingly wet conditions delayed preparations for a renewed effort to secure the villages of Morval, Lesboeufs and Gueudecourt, unattained objectives of the Flers-Courcelette fighting. This new offensive required an advance of up to 1,500 yards on a line from Martinpuich to Combles. The ruined villages of Morval and Lesboeufs lay on XIV Corps main front of attack; immediately left, XV Corps, was to sieze Gueudecourt; III Corps was to advance on the German line north-east of Martinpuich and offer cover for XV Corps left flank.

The preliminary bombardment began at 7am on 24 September; the assault troops waiting in muddy ‘jumping-off’ trenches early next morning witnessed a barrage of unprecedented ferocity on German positions, which intensified just before zero hour.

http://www.cwgc.org/somme/content.asp?menuid=28&id=28&menuname=Morval&menu=main
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 19:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

British Poison Gas Attack - Loos, September 1915
Thursday, 22 May 2008 - Dr David Payne

In August 1915, at the instigation of General Joffre, Commander in Chief of the French Army, Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State, pressed General French, C in C of the BEF for a 'a new offensive in the West… in late September 1915'. The British were then in the process of developing the 'Special Companies' for poison gas warfare. This new strategy encouraged General French to accept the feasibility of an offensive at Loos.

In the five months since the first use of poison gas by the Germans on the 22nd April 1915, 1,347 men - all NCO's - and 57 officers had been selected and trained by Major Charles Howard Foulkes, Royal Engineers, (and now Gas Advisor to the Army) in the new methodology of gas warfare. The first attack was to be based on the release chlorine gas from 190lb high-pressure steel cylinders. These were to be secreted in the front-line trenches, so as to facilitate the penetration of the gas into the German lines and cause the greatest possible number of casualties and confusion.

It was decided that the first British gas attack against the Germans would be at Loos at dawn on the 25th September 1915.

Preparations and execution - During September 1915, 150 tons of chlorine gas in 5,500 high-pressure steel cylinders had been transported across the Channel in unmarked wooden boxes under conditions of great secrecy. For reasons of security, the gas was known only as 'the accessory'. On arrival in France it was transported to Loos by rail. From the railway sidings there, the cylinders were man-handled into the trenches under the highest possible level of security, including aerial surveillance.

By midnight, 24th September 1915, all the cylinders were in place in the forward trenches. Major Foulkes waited at the General Haig's chateau battle headquarters for the order to commence the release of the gas along the 6.5 miles of front from the slagheaps south of Loos to the La Bassée Canal. Haig hesitated as the wind was light, with a tendency to blow towards the British lines. Nevertheless, at 0550 hours on the 25th September 1915, the orders were given to release the gas in the various sectors.

http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/great-war-on-land/61-battlefields/312-poi-gas-loos.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 19:54    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Sixth Battalion - Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders

(...) Francis MacCunn was not so lucky. In a letter home written the day before the battle commenced, he had bade his family a 'provisional goodbye'. Optimistic, at least for his parents, he stated that 'I do not think this will be such a desperate undertaking for us, owing to the terrific strength of our artillery'. In his opinion, the attack would 'decide the war on the Western front.' He was tragically wrong on both counts. He was posted as missing, presumed dead, following the battle on Hill 70 on 26th September, two days after this letter was written. Having joined the army on 26 September 1914, his service had lasted exactly one year. (...)

http://special.lib.gla.ac.uk/exhibns/month/sep2005.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 19:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Trooper Harold Rush - 10th Australian Light Horse, AIF - Plot II, Row C, Grave 4

One of most memorable and oft quoted epitaphs of a fallen soldier on the Gallipoli Peninsula is that of Englishman Harold Rush who enlisted in the AIF on 6 October 1914. On his headstone are the words:

His last words ‘Goodbye Cobber, God Bless you.'

These were his final words to his friend beside him in the trench before the 10th Light Horse’s fatal charge at The Nek on 7 August 1915. Trooper Rush was killed in action within moments of the farewell.

Trooper Rush was born at Whitnesham, near Ipswich, Suffolk, England, and arrived in Australia four years before he enlisted in December 1914 at Guildford in Western Australia. The twenty-three year old arrived on Gallipoli with his unit, the 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, on 16 May 1915. Amongst the death notices that appeared in the Western Mail (Perth) after his death on 24 September 1915, was one describing Trooper Rush as the dearly loved friend of Warren Marwick and family, of York.

Rush’s younger brother, Raymond Ernest, enlisted in the 18th Battalion at Liverpool, New South Wales, and also served on Gallipoli, and later on the Western Front in France and Belgium. He was twice wounded and gassed before being discharged as medically unfit in 1918.

Trooper Rush’s remains were exhumed from Shrapnel Terrace, Russell’s Top, and re-interred at Walker’s Ridge in 1922.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/2visiting/graves/g_walkersridge.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

SS Batavier II (1897)

SS Batavier II was a steam packet for the Batavier Line that sailed between Rotterdam and London for most of her career. The ship was built in 1897 by the Gourlay Brothers of Dundee. The Dutch ship could carry a limited amount of freight and up to 321 passengers. She was rebuilt in 1909 which increased her length by over 5 metres (16 ft).

During World War I, the Batavier Line attempted to maintain service, but in September 1916, Batavier II was seized as a prize by German submarine UB-6 and sailed into Zeebrugge and retained. Ten months later, Batavier II was shelled by British submarine E55 and sank near Texel. (...)

After the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, the Batavier Line continued service on the Rotterdam–London route. In December 1914, Batavier II made news when porters handling what was identified as a 750-pound (340 kg) crate of Swedish matches discovered an escaped German Army officer inside. The plan, apparently, was for him to be shipped from London to Rotterdam via Batavier II. The plot unraveled when the porters could only move the heavy crate by rolling it, which knocked the man unconscious; the officer was returned to the custody of British military officials.

In June 1915, passengers on Batavier II witnessed an attack by two German airplanes against a British steamship between the Galloper and the North Hinder Lightships. The attack was broken off when two British airplanes arrived over the ship to engage the German aircraft; none of the airplanes were destroyed, and the ship was unscathed.

On 24 September 1916, after Batavier II had departed from Rotterdam, the ship was stopped by the German submarine UB-6. She was seized as prize and sailed into German-held Zeebrugge. There, Batavier II's Dutch crew and women and children passengers were released and sent via train to Rotterdam. The Germans confiscated the ship's cargo of food. Also on board Batavier II were four escaped Russian prisoners of war and Richard Hansemann, a German-born New York businessman. American newspapers carried reports of Hansemann's plight, reporting by 1 October that he would likely be impressed into the German Army.

Batavier II's whereabouts and activities over the next ten months are uncertain. She remained under German control for a time, but how long is not clear from sources. Batavier II was back under Dutch control by late July 1917.

On 27 July 1917, Batavier II was shelled by British submarine E55 just outside of Dutch territorial water. Damaged by E55's gunfire, Batavier II's crew steered her back into Dutch territorial waters. E55 then sent a prize crew on board Batavier II and sailed her back outside Dutch waters. By the time a Dutch torpedo boat arrived on the scene, Batavier II was taking on water and had drifted back into Dutch territory. The torpedo boat sent the message "respect neutrality" to E55 which retrieved her prize crew and departed. Despite efforts to stem the flow of water, Batavier II sank 1 nautical mile (1.9 km) from the Molengat North Buoy, off Texel.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Batavier_II_(1897)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ishbel Ross, diary entry (24th September, 1916)

A whole regiment of Russians passed by, I never saw some splendid men, quite the finest that have passed yet. They are huge and so handsome! They halted for the night quite near us, and two of the officers came to visit our camp. They talked to us in the kitchen for a long time. One of them could speak English very well.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Wross.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

History of Plisson & Cie

The company was also known as Compagnie des Chargeurs Français, which explains the letters "Cie des CF" on the house flag. In 1916, Plisson created a subsidiary jointly owned with Compagnie des Messagerie Maritimes. The subsidiary, called Compagnie Générale d'Armement Maritime, was purchased by Compagnie Générale Transatlantique in 1919. Plisson also owned Compagnie des Chargeurs Marocains.
Plisson lost several ships during the First World War: the cargo ships Olio, sunk on 24 September 1916; Capbreton, sunk on 1 October 1916; Baigorry, sunk on 25 April 1917; Europe, sunk on 24 September 1917; Bayonnaise, sunk on 20 January 1918; and the three-master Ciboure, sunk on 13 December 1917.

http://flagspot.net/flags/fr~hfpli.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

T. E. Lawrence to his family

Cairo, 24.9.16

It is 6.30, and nearly dark, so I'll write to you. There is no post tonight, which makes things more leisured. Not much of interest this week. The affairs of the Sherif are looking better, with the fall of Taif. He has captured there all the civil and military officials of the Mecca province, for they all used to spend the summer there, on the hill-tops in the gardens. If I leave G.H.Q. Egypt, which I have hinted several times lately, it will be to join the Arab Bureau, which is doing all the work of the Sherif's revolt, and in addition is trying to note down and turn to account all the popular movements in the Near East, from the Arab Question downwards. You will find evidence of this in articles in the Press running down the Turks, which have become quite the thing lately. You know the Turks always feared and disliked the Arabs, and the Arabs returned it - that's the main thing. The trail is complicated almost indefinitely though by religious and local politics, and tribal feuds, and ourselves and our allies: so that in all it is a fascinating study, and we hope to produce a good deal by way of it. I enclose a few 1 piastre stamps, at last. In the middle is Mekka el Mukerrama (Mecca the Blessed, a regular phrase, without which Mecca is not mentioned) on top is Hejaz post, and underneath 1 piastre. Date 1334 which is the Sherif's revolt. The half-piastre looks Chinese, and the quarter-piastre Egyptian. This is pure Arabic, and I like it rather. I also send a Turkish postcard. Arnie will remember the picture stamps the Turks got from England? Well they have finished them now, and have fallen back on this old thing, surcharged with the new date. It is rather amusing. That is all I think. It's getting cold now, though as cold means only about 80° in the shade at noon and 60° at night. I do not suppose you would make much grumble at it on that score. By the way, the Turks and Arabs use a different calendar: this is 1334 in Mecca, and will be 1335 next month. In Constantinople 1916 is 1332.

T.E.L.

http://www.telawrence.net/telawrencenet/letters/1916/160924_family.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Zepp Strafers, Suttons Farm 1915-1917

On the night of 23rd/24th September 1916 Lieutenant Frederick Sowery took on the Super Zeppelin L. 32 which dropped bombs in the Aveley, Hornchurch and Purfleet areas. One bomb appears to have actually hit the landing ground at Sutton’s Farm. Sowery engaged the airship as it turned for home and his guns set it alight to crash in flames near Billiericay in Essex. Again all the crew were killed. The body of L 32’s captain, Werner Peterson, was found some distance from the wreck after he had jumped to escape the flames. The Zepplelin’s wreck again became a popular attraction for sightseers.

http://www.rafhornchurch.thehumanjourney.net/History/Zeplinbusters.htm
Bonus op deze site: http://www.rafhornchurch.thehumanjourney.net/outreach.htm Wink
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Bere Ferrers Rail Accident 24 September 1917

On Monday 24 September 1917, ten New Zealand soldiers were killed, and two were injured when they alighted from a troop train at the Bere Ferrers station, near Plymouth in South Devon.

The NZEF 28th REinforcement's two troopships Ulimaroa and Norman had just arrived at Plymouth Sound from New Zealand, and were en-route from the docks to Sling Camp on the Salisbury Plains when the tragedy occured. The men were struck by the west-bound express from Waterloo to Plymouth.
(NZ Genealogist Vol 39 No 310 Mar/Apr 2008 p75)

According to the inquest, - “The evidence showed that the men were travelling in a troop train which was pulled up at Bere Ferrers station, the line ahead being blocked. The soldiers had been told that on arrival at Exeter, which was expected to be the first stop, two men from each compartment were to get out and draw rations from the brake van. When the train pulled up at Bere Ferrers, and almost before it had come to a stand, a number of men jumped on to the line, apparently under the impression that they had arrived at the stopping place of which they had been told. Almost immediately an express train from Waterloo to Plymouth dashed through the station and the men on the line were struck down.”

Nine New Zealand soldiers were killed instantly. One, W J TRUSSELL died later at the Tavistock Hospital. The ten are buried at the Plymouth (Efford) Cemetery and each have a Commonwealth War Graves headstone.

http://ww1talk.co.uk/archive/index.php/t-1069.html
Zie ook http://www.devonheritage.org/Places/Bere%20Alston%20and%20Bere%20Ferrers/NewZealanddeathsatBereFerrers24Sep1917.htm
Zie ook http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sooty/bere.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

T. E. Lawrence to his family

Akaba, Sept. 24, 1917

Writing to you isn't very hopeful, since it is clear that you never get any of my letters. However I'll go on doing it, and some day one may get through. Would you like me to have a weekly telegram sent from Cairo telling you all well? I could arrange it easily enough. It's really a little serious that you should have received no letters between my wires. I sent the second one when I got back to Egypt from a visit to the Hejaz, because I had just had a note to say you had had no letters for two months, or some odd time. By the way have any of my letters ever been opened by censor?

I'm now back in Akaba, after having had a little trip up country to the Railway, for the last fortnight. We met all sorts of difficulties, mostly political, but in the end bagged two locomotives and blew them up, after driving out the troops behind them. It was the usual Arab show, done at no cost to us, expensive for the Turks, but not decisive in any way, as it is a raid and not a sustained operation. There are few people alive who have damaged railways as much as I have at any rate. Father may add this to the qualifications that I will possess for employment after the war! However, seriously, do remember that thanks to him I'm now independent, so far as money is concerned, of any employment whatever, and therefore I'll get back on to that printing-press scheme as soon as I am free. After all, you can't say that I haven't seen something of the world by now, and I can honestly say that I have never seen anyone doing anything so useful as the man who prints good books. So don't worry about my future - and for my present don't put either Major or C.B. or any other letters (past present or future) after my name when writing to me. These sorts of things are only nuisances to a person with £250 a year, and the intention of not having more, and the less they are used the better. I'm sending back all private letters so addressed.

Do you remember a very light dusty-amber silk cloak I brought back with me once from Aleppo? If it is not in use, I would be very glad to have it sent to me. Arab clothes are hard to find, now-a-days, with manufacture and transport thrown out of gear. I got a letter from Bob the other day and news that Arnie has been excused responsions. Also it proves that the anonymous thanks for a carpet was Elsie Hutchins! I'm glad she is married. Do you know I have not written a private letter to anyone but you for over a year? It is a wonderful thing to have kept so free of everything. Here am I at thirty with no label and no profession - and perfectly quiet. I'm more grateful to Father than I can say.

N.

http://www.telawrence.net/telawrencenet/letters/1917/170924_family.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

T. E. Lawrence to [E. T. Leeds]*

Akaba, Sept 24. '17

Dear Leeds,

I’m sorry, but I felt the usual abrupt beginning would be too much for your nerves, and that you would fall exhausted on to the floor [3 words omitted], without even a Turkish carpet to break the shock of my writing at last. What can have happened? I was pondering last night how for a year I had written no private letter (except to my people, and those don’t count, for my mails are sunk or censored!) and today I go and break the habit. Perhaps it's because it was a habit, and I'm getting old and stiff (not to say tired, for every year out in Arabia counts ten) and habits must be nipped in their shells.

I'm in Akaba for two days - that for me spells civilisation, though it doesn’t mean other than Arab togs and food, but it means you lunch where you dined, and not further on - and therefore happy. The last stunt has been a few days on the Hejaz Railway, in which I potted a train with two engines (oh, the Gods were kind) and we killed superior numbers, and I got a good Baluch prayer_rug and lost all my kit, and nearly my little self.

I'm not going to last out this game much longer: nerves going and temper wearing thin, and one wants an unlimited account of both. However while it lasts it's a show between Gilbert and Carroll, and one can retire on it, with that feeling of repletion that comes after a hearty meal. By the way hearty meals are like the chopped snow that one scatters over one's bowl of grapes in Damascus at midsummer. Ripping, to write about -

This letter isn’t going to do you much good, for the amount of information it contains would go on a pin's head and roll about. However it's not a correspondence, but a discourse held with the only person to whom I have ever written regularly, and one whom I have shamefully ill-used by not writing to more frequently. On a show so narrow and voracious as this one loses one's past and one's balance, and becomes hopelessly self-centred. I don't think I ever think except about shop, and I'm quite certain I never do anything else. That must be my excuse for dropping everyone, and I hope when the nightmare ends that I will wake up and become alive again. This killing and killing of Turks is horrible. When you charge in at the finish and find them all over the place in bits, and still alive many of them, and know that you have done hundreds in the same way before and must do hundreds more if you can. [Two lines omitted]

* E. T. Leeds did not wish David Garnett to reveal his identity. However, in 1988 this letter was published in full in Leeds p.112-14.

http://www.telawrence.net/telawrencenet/letters/1917/170924_leeds.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Zeppelin

24th September 1917: A zeppelin drops a 50 kilogram bomb that lands just outside the Bedford Hotel on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury. 13 people are killed and a further 26 injured.

http://londonist.com/2010/09/monday_miscellanea_112.php

(...) And the Bedford Hotel on Southampton Row was hit on 24 September 1917 by one of the first Gotha night raiders.(...)

http://airminded.org/category/travel/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Brothers died in 1917

24 September 1917 - Albert, 27, and Henri Denis, 22, died whilst serving with the 22nd Battalion, the Canadian Infantry (Quebec Regiment). Sons of Maud Adele Denis and Adolphe Denis, of 570, Marie Anne, Montreal. Both signallers, the brothers are buried in adjacent graves in Thelus Military Cemetery.

http://www.1914-1918.net/brothers1917.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Lieutenant Horrie Joseph Rex's last letter written in Belgium during WW1

24 September 1917

My Dear Mother,

I have half an hour to spare so will try to tell you of my first experiences in the Trenches. In my last letter I mentioned that I had been up during the night, this was to get ready so that when the actual Fight started we would know exactly where we were and all the rest of it. I might mention that the Artillery Pounding previous to the attack (5 days) was Terrific. Poor old Fritz must have expected us from this.

However, at last the hour came for us to taw our guns up & get them ready. Gee I was happy. I had looked forward to it for so long and there seemed so much ahead of us.

We got half way to our destination, darkness came, and with it the rain. So we trudged on and when we had to turn off to cross the shell holes to our trench, there should have been a track but of course, each day the ground is torn and split to pieces. In darkness and rain you will quite understand when I tell you that we got lost before we went 50 yards. Gee it was a bugger, all had very heavy loads on, nobody carrying less than 50 lbs & many with more.

So we pushed on through mud & slush and by some great good fortune struck an old tank which we knew to be near our destination. So we were home & dry as the Boys say and soon had our guns in position & ready for Action. Other Sections were not so lucky. Some were held up until daylight came, but were there in time for the Action.

No doubt you heard of the Australian Part in the Attack. They took all their objectives very easily, in fact, they complain that the Boche would not fight them. A Sgt in the 10th Bn with his men struck a strong Post and before they knew what was happening, the Huns were putting their hands up and crying for mercy. But he knocked the first one down himself and ordered his men to finish the rest - which they promptly did. Of course the action was crowded with hundreds of acts like this.

We took Glencorse Wood, Nonne Bosschen Wood & Polygon Wood. By gee it makes you smile when you call them woods. I cannot describe them to you, they are battered and torn & pounded until you would think that an earthquake had happened about every 10 yards. Only an occasional stump is left of what was formerly the Pride of some old French family and probably of the towns scattered about too.

It must make their hearts sore to see them now battered out of all recognition. On your map you will see a village & of course you go along thinking to yourself well I ought to soon come to this Place then suddenly you come to several heaps of broken brick and you at once get a brain wave and discover that you are actually at your destination. If this village happens to be close to the trenches or where the trenches were once, you can bet your life that you will not be able to find even one solid brick let alone Churches, Post Offices etc as shown on your map. They have long since had millions of shells hurled at them, consequently are scattered all over the shop.

You will also be given instructions, perhaps, to take your guns up a certain road which was once the main road from one City to another. You can get along quite well until about a mile or so from the trenches, then your fun starts. You get into this shelled area or barrage as it is called. If you are lucky you perhaps have the stumps of the beautiful trees that grow on either side of the French Roads to guide you or perhaps there are still traces here & there of the cobble stones of the old road. So in this way you stumble on through the shell holes & eventually get to the Line. So you see finding your way about the Front area is not all cream & peaches even by day - by night it is a cow -

Well to go back to our Guns - All was ready & in a few minutes the Attack would start. It was almost day break and the dim forms of our infantry could be seen creeping forward from shell hole to shell hole towards the Hun line. Gee they looked fine in the mist crawling & occasionally running along with their bayonets fixed, and a great big fat smile on their faces & a determined look.

At last the "Zero Time" came, that is the time for the attack to start and about a million of our guns opened up like one also Machine Guns. Gee they did make a noise, & of course the Hun very quickly got his guns going too. You would think Hell had been let loose, the earth absolutely quivered & shook.

At the same Time as the Guns opened up, our infantry charged with fixed bayonets. Gee they looked fine. Charging thro' the smoke & mist, - then they got to the Hun trenches & started operations. We could see them using their bombs & bayonets here and there and then rush forward to the next Point where old Fritz was. Really I cannot describe the scene. It was all so grand and wonderful. All this time old Fritz was shelling Hell out of us but we were like kids on our first Railway Ride or a Sunday School Picnic. We wanted to see & hear everything. By the way you could not hear your own ears for the air.

Very soon our lads were lost in the smoke of the shells so we waited for further word which very soon came in the shape of the slightly wounded men who were knocked out in the first few minutes. Then from this, on they kept coming back & so we got news of the Gallant Anzacs & their doings. After the long rest they made the attack very willing in fact were waiting for everybody else as the Time came for them to go still further forward.

About half an hour after the attack started, the Hun prisoners started to troop back, sometimes escorted by our lads but more often by themselves, - they were quite happy to be with us. But of course we soon made use of them, and got them carrying our wounded lads down to the dressing station & doing other small jobs then they took them to the "Bird Cage." One lad was very funny, he said to one of our Anzacs, "I want to be in England where shells won't worry me by tonight, so get a move on." It is strange how many Huns can speak English.

A Hun officer was being walked down with some others of his breed, when an Anzac youth said, "Come on, Hook your frame onto this stretcher." The boche officer said, "We do not let your prisoners carry our wounded." The Anzac stood with feet apart and leant on his rifle and said, "Hook, onto it you b(astard) liar or I'll dot you." So his worship Lieut Von so & so grabbed the stretcher & carried on without further argument.

Hundreds of such things happened but what amused me was a Lance Corporal of our lot who was buried by a shell. He has a big mouth & a very cheerful youth, always smiling. Anyway, we soon dug him out. As soon as his head was clear, a big grin came over his dial & instead of saying hurry up & get me out, he looked around & said, "Did they get my Primus Stove?" The poor lad was not worrying about himself and whether he was hurt or not. Evidently as Mrs Gardner would say, "His eyes are bigger than his belly."

I am afraid that this will bore you so had better stop soon but if you remind me I'll tell you my part in the show when I see you . We were very busy people 'cos old Fritz would insist on trying to get back his lost ground, but failed horribly. Our Artillery absolutely sent over millions of shells, in fact, a German prisoner said that they were absolutely impossible to stand up again.

Our Units have been praised by all hands for the wonderful work we did & the casualties we caused. They have a new way now of using us which is a great success.

For the 5 days & nights that we were up, we got very little peace so you can understand how we appreciated a bath & change of clothes. We had clean socks & were able to shave in the Trenches. So that was a big help, also had grand rations.

I enjoyed the Push very much, in fact I find war not so frightful. After all, I was prepared for much worse.

Going back tonight for a few days. Then we have a good rest for a few days until we return to give him more worry.

There are millions of things I would love to tell you but if they got to the Huns hands they would be valuable so you must be satisfied with what little I have told you.

One thing I really want to impress on you is how silly it is to worry. I don't think a Hun could hit me if he threw a dish of wheat from 10 yards.

The Goulburn Boys are in the Line now, but things are very quiet. Ginity did not take Part in the attack. He is up there now I think.

I like being a Real Soldier, it is grand, the glorious uncertainty of the battle and the excitement is grand. Of course ones hand does not shake when he puts his hand out on Pay day after being in the Line.

Hope to see Fred soon, also that you are all well & happy.

Bye bye Tons of Love

Your Very Happy Little Son

Horrie

PS Letters just in. One from you, Connie, Blanche & Anna

Thanks. Will answer later

H

Lieutenant Horace Joseph Rex was killed when next he entered the Front Line.

http://members.tip.net.au/~ppmay/worldwar/hjrlette.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Bulgarian Government Request for a Ceasefire, 24 September 1918

As the Allies increased pressure upon German forces on the Western Front, so German troops were hastily transferred from assisting Bulgaria, leaving Bulgarian forces severely weakened and increasingly demoralised.

The moment was consequently considered ripe for a major Allied offensive against Bulgarian forces, newly aided by a Greek force donated by pro-Allied Prime Minister Eleutherios Venizelos. The Allied forces in the region were led by French General Franchet d'Esperey; he determined to launch the Vardar Offensive on 15 September 1918.

Allied success was immediate and impressive; within little over a week Bulgaria solicited for a ceasefire and on 29 September 1918 Bulgaria signed an armistice, thereby exiting from the war. In consequence of Bulgaria's military defeat King Ferdinand shortly afterwards abdicated.

Reproduced below is the text of a statement issued by the Bulgarian government requesting a ceasefire.

Bulgarian Government Statement Seeking a Ceasefire, 24 September 1918
Sofia, 24 September 1918


In view of the conjunction of circumstances which have recently arisen, and after the position had been jointly discussed with all competent authorities, the Bulgarian Government, desiring to put an end to the bloodshed, authorised the Commander-in-Chief of the army to propose to the Generalissimo of the armies of the Entente at Salonika a cessation of hostilities and the entering into of negotiations for obtaining an armistice and peace.

The members of the Bulgarian delegation left yesterday evening in order to get into touch with the plenipotentiaries of the Entente belligerents.

Source Records of the Great War, Vol. VI, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923, http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/vardar_bulgariaceasefire.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

THIS IS FINDON VILLAGE

Gunner Cedric Christian Douglas of the Royal Horse Field Artillery, (youngest son of Findon artist, Edwin Douglas from "Fox Down"), was one of the last from Findon to fall victim in the fighting. He died, age 30, of wounds at a casualty clearing station at Cambrai in northern France on WEDNESDAY 18th SEPTEMBER 1918. The announcement of his death was in The Times, late war edition on 24th September 1918.

http://www.findonvillage.com/0613_the_fourth_year_1918.htm
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Field Eugene Kindley

Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC)
On 24 September [1918], Lt. Kindley led his flight down on seven Fokkers north of Bourlon Wood, one of which he followed down and saw crash and burst into flames. On 26 September [1918], while working in conjunction with another of our flights, Lt. Kindley's flight accounted for two EA crashed, one of which he got. On 27 September [1918], this officer on low flying duty dropped bombs on railways near Marcoing, then attacked a balloon near Noyelles-sur-l'Escaut, driving same down and compelling the two observers to jump. He then, at an altitude of 600 feet, attacked and silenced an enemy machine gun and shot up troops. Being then attacked by a Halberstadt, he engaged it and brought it down in flames. Lt. Kindley's ammunition then being used up, he started for the lines but on the way back, he saw two EA which he dived on. They turned and went east. This officer has been on active service in France since 23 May 1918. His work in this squadron has been consistently good and since 30 July [1918], he has been leading 'A' Flight with marked success. He has accounted for a total of seven and one half EA destroyed and has driven down out of control, three. Supplement to the London Gazette

http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/kindley.php
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1918 Spanish Flu Timeline

Sept. 24, 1918: Edward Wagner, newly transplanted from Chicago, falls ill with the flu. This flies in the face of San Francisco public health officials who had played down the threat of the flu to the public

http://www.twoop.com/medicine/archives/2005/10/1918_spanish_flu.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Otranto Disaster

On 24th September, 1918, as the war neared its climax, the Otranto set sail on her final voyage from New York bound for Glasgow and Liverpool. She sailed in convoy HX50 escorted by the US cruisers Louisiana and St Louis and the destroyer USS Dorsey. Captain Ernest W G Davidson and his 362 crew had 665 American troops aboard.

Lees verder op http://blog.islayinfo.com/article.php/otranto-disaster-6-october-1918
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Maritieme kalender

Welke maritieme gebeurtenissen vonden plaats op welke dag of in welke maand?

1918, 24 september - Het vrachtschip ss. 'Dirksland' (1915) van de Stoomvaart Maatschappij 'Nederlandsche Lloyd', op weg van Rotterdam naar Londen met een lading stukgoederen, loopt op de Noordzee op een zeemijn en zinkt op positie 52.33° N / 02°12 O. Eén bemanningslid komt hierbij om het leven. De andere opvarenden kunnen worden gered door de logger 'Françoise Henriette' (SCH 387) en door het Britse patrouillevaartuig HMS 'Kingfisher'. Bron: 'De Zee' (1919)

http://www.scheepvaartmuseum.nl/collectie/maritieme-kalender?j=&m=9&d=24
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 20:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Le Kaisertunnel

From late November 1915 until February or March 1916, the Kaisertunnel was dug by Prussian infantry. The main tunnel was 350 m in length, but reached 455 m when the adjacent galleries were included. It was used to connect the Meurissons gully and the front.
This tunnel was used for more than two years.

On 24th September 1918, the Germans withdrew their equipment from the tunnel before using explosives to block all the entrances.

Dug through the local gaize rock, the Kaisertunnel shows the extent of the underground activities of the French and Germans. The remains of many facilities (first-aid station with operating theatre, telephone exchange, electricity generating station, etc.) can still be seen today.

http://www.cheminsdememoire.gouv.fr/page/affichelieu.php?idLang=en&idLieu=3211
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Sep 2010 21:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

John Cridlan Barrett

John Cridlan Barrett (VC, TD) (10 August 1897 – 7 March 1977) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

He was 21-years old, and a lieutenant in the 1/5th Battalion, The Leicestershire Regiment, British Army during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

On 24 September 1918 at Pontruet, France, during an attack, owing to the darkness and smoke barrage, Lieutenant Barrett found himself advancing towards a trench containing numerous machine-guns. He at once collected all available men and charged the nearest group of guns and in spite of being wounded, gained the trench, personally disposing of two machine-guns and inflicting many casualties. Notwithstanding a second wound he then climbed out of the trench to fix his position and locate the enemy, then ordered his men to cut their way back to the battalion, which they did. He was again wounded, very seriously.

He later achieved the rank of Colonel.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Cridlan_Barrett
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2014 10:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Cpl Harry Deems, 1st Casual Detachment, Camp Sheridan, US Army.

Born 7 May 1894 at Kendallville, Noble County, Harry was a machinist who entered service on 15 June 1918 at the Indianapolis Chamber of Commerce School. After being sent to Camp Sheridan, he was appointed as an Automobile Mechanic and promoted to Corporal. He was accidentally drowned on 24 September 1918 at Montgomery, Alabama and is now buried at Beech Grove Cemetery, Muncie, Indiana.

http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/great-war-people/remember-on-this-day/1468-24-september-1918-cpl-harry-deems.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2014 10:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Jagdstaffel 10 - Staffelführer (Commanding Officers)

1) Ludwig Linck: 21 September 1916 – KIA 22 October 1916
2) Karl Rummelspacher: 23 October 1916 – 18 June 1917
3) Albert Dossenbach: 24 June 1917 – KIA 3 July 1917
4) Ernst Freiherr von Althaus: 6 July 1917 – 30 July 1917
5) Werner Voss: 30 July 1917 – KIA 23 September 1917
6) Ernst Weigand: 24 September 1917 – (KIA) 25 September 1917
7) Max Kühn (Acting): 26 September 1917 – 27 September 1917
8) Hans Klein WIA: 27 September 1917 – 19 Feb 1918
9) Hans Weiss (Acting): 27 March 1918 – 1 April 1918
10) Erich Löwenhardt: 1 April 1918 – 19 June 1918
11) Alois Heldmann (Acting): 19 June 1918 – 6 July 1918
12) Erich Löwenhardt (KIA): 6 July 1918 – 10 August 1918
13) Alois Heldmann (Acting): 10 August 1918 – 14 August 1918
14) Arthur Laumann: 14 August 1918 – 11 Nov 1918

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jagdstaffel_10
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2014 10:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

24 September (1917): Franz Kafka to Max Brod

After he was diagnosed with tuberculosis in August of 1917, Franz Kafka moved to the Bohemian village of Zürau, where he kept a small and humble house with his sister, Ottla. Below, he writes best friend (and, of course, eventual literary executor) Max Brod about his first impressions of the place. (NB: Again, we cheat a bit here. The letter is dated only to “mid-September, 1917.” It did, however, seem worth a slight shirking of the governing constraint.)

TO MAX BROD

mid-September 1917, Zürau

Dear Max,

The exquisite instinct you and I both have! A vulture, seeking quiet, I fly upward and swoop, straight as a die, into this room, opposite which a piano, wildly thumping its pedals, is playing, surely the only piano in this whole region. But I toss it, unfortunately only figuratively, into the mix, along with the many good things that have come my way here.

Our correspondence can be very simple: I do my writing, you yours, and that is answer, verdict, consolation, inconsolability, whatever one likes. For it is the same knife against whose blade our throats, our poor pigeons’ throats, one here, on there, are cut. But so slowly, so insidiously, with so little blood, so heartrendingly, so hearts-rendingly.

In this context the morality is perhaps the last consideration, not even the last, the blood is the first and the second and the last. The question is how much passion is there, how much time it will take, for the walls of the heart to be pounded thin, that is if the lungs do not give out before the heart.

F. has sent a few lines saying she is coming. I don’t grasp her, she is extraordinary, or rather I do grasp her but cannot hold her. I run all around her, barking, as a nervous dog might tear around a statue, or to present an equally true but converse picture, I gaze at her as a stuffed animal head mounted on the wall might look down on the person living quietly in his room. Half-truths, a thousandth of a truth. All that is true is that F. is probably coming.

So many things trouble me, I can find no way out. Was it false hope, self-deception, when I told myself I wanted to stay here forever, I mean in the country, far from the railroad, near the relentless twilight, which descends without hindrance from anyone or anything. If it is self-deception, then it comes because my blood is tempting me to a reincarnation of my uncle, the country doctor whom I (with all due and indeed the greatest respect) sometimes call the Twitterer, because he has such an inhumanly thin old-bachelor’s birdlike wit that squeaks out of a constricted throat and never deserts him. And he lives this way in the country, won’t be budged from it, contented, the way a faintly burbling madness which one takes for the melody of life leads to contentment. But if the longing for the land is not self-deception, then it is something good. But have I the right to expect something good, at the age of thirty-four, with my highly fragile lungs and still more fragile human relationships. Country doctor is more probable; if you look for confirmation, the father’s curse is there at once. Lovely nocturnal sight when hope wrestles with the Father.

Let’s drop the wrestlers. The plans you have for your novella are exactly what I would wish. The novella is going to be splendid. But in the face of these plans, can the first two chapters stand? They are after all too lightweight. To my feeling, not at all. What are those three pages like, that you have written? Do they decide anything for the whole? Is it painful that the whole thing will refute Tycho? It will not refute it since all truth is irrefutable, though it may throw him down. But as all the war correspondents write, isn’t the best assault technique still: stand up, run, throw yourself down? A procedure that must be incessantly repeated in the assault upon the tremendous bastion, until in the last volume of the Collected Works, blissfully weary, one drops or—with worse luck—remains on one’s knees.

I do not mean this sadly. Nor am I basically sad. I live with Ottla in a good minor marriage; marriage not on the basis of the usual violent high currents but of the small windings of the low voltages. We run a fine household, which all of you, I hope, will like. I will try to put some supplies aside for you, Felix, and Oskar, which isn’t easy; there is not much food around here and the many family mouths to feed have priority. But there is always something, which however everyone must procure in person.

As for my sickness—I have no fever. Weight on arrival was 6½ kilos but I have already put on a little. Beautiful weather. Been lying in the sun a good deal. At the moment do not miss Switzerland; in any case your news from there can only be badly dated.

All the best and may Heaven shower some comforts on you.

Franz

http://theamericanreader.com/24-september-1917-franz-kafka-to-max-brod/
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