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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2006 7:06    Onderwerp: 10 september Reageer met quote

Der Weltkrieg am 10. September 1914

DEUTSCHER HEERESBERICHT



Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Schlacht an der Marne - Neue Kämpfe in Ostpreußen

Großes Hauptquartier, 10. September.
Die östlich Paris in der Verfolgung an und über die Marne vorgedrungenen Heeressäulen sind aus Paris und zwischen Meaux und Montmirail von überlegenen Kräften angegriffen worden, haben in schweren zweitägigen Kämpfen den Gegner aufgehalten und selbst Fortschritte gemacht. Als der Anmarsch starker feindlicher Kolonnen gemeldet wurde, ist der Flügel zurückgezogen worden. Der Feind ist an keiner Stelle gefolgt. Als Siegesbeute dieser Kämpfe sind bisher 50 Geschütze und einige Tausend Gefangene gemeldet.
Die westlich Verdun kämpfende Heeressäule befindet sich in fortschreitenden Kämpfen.
In Lothringen und in den Vogesen ist die Lage unverändert.

Generalquartiermeister v. Stein. 1)


Erneuter Sieg Hindenburgs über die Russen -
Sieg des Kronprinzen bei Verdun

Großes Hauptquartier, 10. September.
Der deutsche Kronprinz hat heute mit seiner Armee die befestigte feindliche Stellung südwestlich von Verdun genommen. Teile der Armee greifen die südlich von Verdun liegenden Sperrforts an; die Forts werden seit gestern durch schwere Artillerie beschossen.
Generaloberst v. Hindenburg hat mit dem Ostheer den linken Flügel der noch in Ostpreußen befindlichen russischen Armee geschlagen und sich dadurch den Zugang in den Rücken des Feindes geöffnet. Der Feind hat den Kampf aufgegeben und befindet sich in vollem Rückzuge. Das Ostheer verfolgt ihn in nordöstlicher Dichtung gegen den Njemen.

Generalquartiermeister v. Stein. 1)


Neuer Sieg in Ostpreußen

Was nach dem Siege bei Tannenberg kommen mußte ist nun erreicht: Generaloberst v. Hindenburg hat auch die russische Nordarmee, die letzte, die noch auf ostpreußischem Boden steht, geschlagen. Noch vermögen wir den Umfang des neuen Sieges erst zu ahnen, noch dauert die Verfolgung der Russen an. Aber wir dürfen fast mit Sicherheit erwarten, das die vom Njemen vorgerückte Armee einer Katastrophe entgegengeht, die kaum weniger bedeutend sein wird als die Vernichtung der zu ihrer Unterstützung ausgesandten Armee, die in den Masurischen Seen aufgerieben wurde. In wenige Tagen wird Ostdeutschland vom letzten Feinde gesäubert sein. Die strategische Bedeutung des neuen Sieges läßt sich jetzt schon, noch vor seiner materiellen Abschöpfung, übersehen. Er vernichtet endgültig die Stoßkraft des rechten Flügels der gewaltigen russischen Armee, die sicherlich schon Wochen und Monate vor dem Kriegsbeginn sorgfältig gesammelt wurde, in der alles vereinigt ist, was Rußland an wirklich leistungsfähigen Truppen aufzustellen vermag. Wie eine Dampfwalze sollten sich die Millionenheere Rußlands über das Zentralreiche stürzen, unwiderstehlich sollte ihr Gang sein, bis in Berlin das Deutsche Reich im Herzen getroffen würde, so höhnten die Neider in London, so verkündeten die französischen Machthaber ihrem betrogenen Volk. Rußland selber wagte es, noch nach der Katastrophe bei Tannenberg in die neutralen Länder hinaus zu verkünden, der deutsche Sieg habe nur "lokale Bedeutung". Dieses eitle Gerede wird nun verstummen. Vielleicht gelingt es dem russischen Generalstab, noch den Zaren zu täuschen und auf kurze Zeit auch sein Volk. Die Welt aber, die längst erfahren hat, wer in diesem Kriege die Wahrheit sagt, läßt sich nicht mehr betrügen. Sie weiß nunmehr, daß der russische Plan gescheitert ist. Bald wird das erneute Vorgehen unserer Verbündeten auch andere russische Lügen nachdrücklicher widerlegen als jede Polemik, in der wir freilich den an Trug und Täuschung gewohnten Moskowitern immer unterliegen werden.2)


Die Kämpfe um Lemberg

Österreichisches Kriegspressequartier, 10. September. (Priv.-Tel.)
Die neuen großem Kämpfe im Raume um Lemberg dauern fort.

Kriegspressequartier, 10. September.
Die österreichische Offensive im Raum um Lemberg schreitet erfolgreich vor. Der Armee-Oberkommandant Erzherzog Friedrich, der Generalstabschef Baron Conrad v. Hötzendorf und Erzherzog Karl hatten sich vom Hauptquartier auf das Schlachtfeld begeben, um persönlich die Entwicklung der Ereignisse zu verfolgen.

Frhr. Kurt v. Reden. 2)


Prinz Joachim von Preußen verwundet


Prinz Joachim von Preußen

Berlin, 10. September. (W. B. Amtlich)
S. Kgl. Hoheit Prinz Joachim von Preußen ist gestern durch einen Schrapnellschuß verwundet worden. Die Kugel ging durch den rechten Oberschenkel, ohne den Knochen zu verletzen. Der Prinz ist als Ordonnanzoffizier auf dem Gefechtsfelde tätig gewesen. Er ist in das nächstliegende Garnisonslazarett überführt worden. 2)



Der 1. Weltkrieg im September 1914
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2006 7:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1919: New York City parade honors U.S. soldiers from World War I

On this day in 1919, almost one year after an armistice officially ended the First World War, New York City holds a parade to welcome home General John J. Pershing, commander in chief of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF), and some 25,000 soldiers who had served in the AEF’s 1st Division on the Western Front.

The United States, which maintained its neutrality when World War I broke out in Europe in the summer of 1914, declared war on Germany in April 1917. Though the U.S. was initially able to muster only about 100,000 men to send to France under Pershing’s command that summer, President Woodrow Wilson swiftly adopted a policy of conscription. By the time the war ended on November 11, 1918, more than 2 million American soldiers had served on the battlefields of Western Europe, and some 50,000 of them had lost their lives. Demobilization began in late 1918; by September 1919 the last combat divisions had left France, though an occupation force of 16,000 U.S. soldiers remained until 1923, based in the town of Coblenz, Germany, as part of the post-war Allied presence in the Rhine Valley determined by the terms of the Treaty of Versailles.

Before the AEF’s combat units left service, the U.S. War Department gave citizens the chance to honor their troops. "New York lived yesterday probably the last chapter in its history of great military spectacles growing out of the war," trumpeted <i>The New York Times</i> of the parade that took place September 10, 1914. According to the paper, an enthusiastic crowd turned out to cheer the 25,000 members of the 1st Division, who filed down Fifth Avenue from 107th Street to Washington Square in Greenwich Village, wearing trench helmets and full combat equipment.

The <i>Times</i> report continued: "It was the town's first opportunity to greet the men of the 1st Division, and to let them know it remembered their glorious part in the American Army's smashing drives at Toul, at Cantigny, at Soissons, at St. Mihiel, and at the Meuse and the Argonne." The loudest cheers were for Pershing himself, who "was kept at almost continual salute by the tributes volleyed at him from both sides of the avenue."

Pershing led a similar parade down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. on September 17; two days later, he addressed a joint session of the U.S. Congress, which that same month created a new rank for him—"General of the Armies," a rank only he has held—making him the highest-ranking military figure in the country. During his tenure as chief of staff of the U.S. Army, from 1921 to 1924, Pershing completely reorganized the structure of the army, combining the regular army, the National Guard, and the permanent army reserves into one organization. Upon his retirement, he headed up a commission supervising the construction of American war memorials in France. Pershing died in 1948.

www.historychannel.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Year 1914

On 10 September, on the Northwest Front, Rennenkampf's Russian 1st Army was heavily defeated in the Battle of Masurian Lakes. The Germans seized Suvalki. The Russians began falling back on Kovno in their retreat from East Prussia.

On 10 September, on the Southwest Front, Dankl's Austro-Hungarian 1st Army was soundly defeated by the Russian 4th Army at the Battle of Krasnik, as the Russians retook the city. Archduke Josef's Austro-Hungarians were defeated at Opole, northwest of Krasnik. The Russian forces were victorious at Rava Russka and began lateral troop movements along the right bank of the Vistula River. Heavy rains began, rivers started to flood, worsening the Austro-Hungarian lines of retreat. The Russian Southwest Front HQ reported heavy fighting in all sectors, that they were rapidly running out of artillery shells, and the situation was becoming desperate.

http://warchron.com/lemberg.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Gerald Pryse - Antwerp, 10 September 1914 - c.1917

Lithograph on paper. Presented by the Ministry of Information 1918.

https://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/pryse-antwerp-10-september-1914-p03073
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-Stephen Fry on political correctness.


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 10 Sep 2018 8:39, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

First Battle of the Marne

(...) The total British casualties amounted to 1,701 of all ranks, killed, wounded or missing between 6 September and 10 September.

Some notable casualties for the British Army were Brig.-Gen. Neil Findlay, CRA 1st Division, who died as a result of wounds received on 10 September 1914 and is buried at Vailly British Cemetery (...)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Retreat
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant, 10 september 1914
Bron: Koninklijke Bibliotheek

De oorlog

Volgens een telegram uit Konstantinopel aan de Times is de diplomatieke pressie van de Entente mogendheden op de Turkse regeering niet zonder invloed gebleven. Ook de Italiaanse gezant zou Turkije hebben aangemaand zich buiten den oorlog te houden. Bovendien schijnen de reservisten zeer afkeerig van een oorlog. De kans dat Turkije zich rustig houdt, is dus gestegen, al is er nog een sterke partij, die van gewapende inmenging gebiedsuitbreiding en andere voordeelen verwacht.

Van de toegezegde hervormingen in Armenië zal voorlopig wel niets komen. Kolonel Hoff, de Noorsche inspecteur-generaal voor de zuidelijke wilajets, is althans met zijn staf teruggeroepen.

http://www.agindepers.nl/kwestie/NRC-10-9-1914.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

10 September 1914 → Commons Sitting

POSSESSION OF ARMS OR EXPLOSIVES.


HC Deb 10 September 1914 vol 66 cc626-7 626

Mr. GEORGE TERRELL asked the Home Secretary the number of German and Austrian aliens who have registered under the Alien Registration Act in the United Kingdom and Ireland, and the number thereof who reside in London; and whether such aliens have been searched for arms and explosives capable of doing damage to persons or property

Mr. McKENNA The number of Germans, Austrians, and Hungarians registered in the United Kingdom is 66,773, as I stated yesterday. Of these, 37,457 are registered in London and 949 in Ireland.

No alien enemy is allowed to be in possession of arms or explosives without a permit from the police, and the most vigorous steps have been taken to enforce this provision in the interests of public safety.

Mr. TERRELL May I ask for an answer to the second part of the question: Whether such aliens have been searched for arms and explosives?

Mr. McKENNA Yes.

Mr. TERRELL They have been searched?

Mr. McKENNA Yes.

Mr. HUNT If a German or Austrian is naturalised, is he allowed to carry a pistol or gun?

Mr. McKENNA If an Austrian or German is a naturalised British subject, he has the full rights of a British subject.

Sir J. D. REES Are letters from those persons through Holland to Germany subject to supervision?

Mr. McKENNA I do not know that it is desirable to reply in precise terms, but of course letters are censored by the military authorities?

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1914/sep/10/possession-of-arms-or-explosives
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Battle of Ourcq River - General von Moltke's Announcement, 10 September 1914

Reproduced below is the text of a terse announcement by German Army Chief of Staff General Helmuth von Moltke acknowledging defeat at the Battle of Ourcq River (5-8 September 1914).

Although von Moltke's announcement was brief and scarcely acknowledged the French Army's success in what served as the immediate precursor to the better known First Battle of the Marne, its impact was significant, playing as it did a key role in saving Paris and perhaps as a consequence the fall of France.

Announcement by German Army Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke of Defeat at Ourcq River, 10 September 1914

Berlin, September 10, 1914

East of Paris [German] detachments which had advanced to the Marne and across it have been attacked by superior enemy forces coming from Paris, and between Meaux and Montmirail.

These detachments held the enemy, and after hard fighting, which lasted two days, they have gained ground.

News having been received as to the approach of new and strong enemy columns, the [right] wing of these detachments has fallen back without being anywhere pursued.

Source Records of the Great War, Vol. II, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923, http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/ourcq_moltke.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The German light-cruiser Emden, capured seven British merchantmen, Bay of Bengal, 1914

On September 10th, 1914 the elusive German light-cruiser Emden, not been seen for several weeks, suddenly appeared in the Bay of Bengal. Between September the 10th and the 16th she captured seven British merchantmen, sinking six of them, and sending their crews to Calcutta in the seventh, the Kabinga. Among the vessels sunk were the Indus, Lovat, Killin, Trabbock, and Diplomat. The Emden Carries ten 4.1 inch guns, eight 5 pounders, four machine guns, and two torpedo tubes.

http://www.its-your-history.com/history-articles/40-the-archive/280-the-german-light-cruiser-emden-capured-seven-british-merchantmenbay-of-bengal1914.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

43. Reserve-Division

Kriegsgliederung/order of battle 10 September 1914

http://www.militaerpass.net/43rd.htm

51. Reserve-Division

Kriegsgliederung/order of battle 10 September 1914

http://www.militaerpass.net/51rd.htm
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 09 Sep 2010 22:49, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Geschiedenis van het 2de Regiment Veldartillerie

10 september 1914
Aangemoedigd door de behaalde successen, besluit het GHK op 10 september 1914
een gezamenlijke actie met het hele leger uit te voeren. De 2LD zal een bruggenhoofd
vormen in WERCHTER en een voorhoede naar WIJGMAAL sturen, teneinde het
kanaal van LEUVEN naar MECHELEN over te steken in TILDONK en WIJGMAAL.
De 5de GemBde wordt aangeduid voor het bruggenhoofd van WERCHTER; de 6de
GemBde zal met 26Li en A/6 het dorp WIJGMAAL bezetten; de rest van de Brigade
zal in PUTKAPEL blijven. De 7de GemBde tenslotte zal de bruggen over de DEMER
in AARSCHOT en BETEKOM bewaken.

In de loop van de dag, zullen onze troepen WIJGMAAL innemen enb zich aan de rand
van het dorp kunnen handhaven. De bewaking van de bruggen zal worden
overgenomen door de 6LD. Daarop besluit Comd 2LD een aanval op LEUVEN in te
zetten. Het aanvalsplan voorziet:
- de 5de GemBde zal langs ROTSELAAR naar PUTKAPEL trekken, waar zij
divisiereserve wordt;
- de 6de GemBde (-) zal oprukken naar BLAUWPUT op de as AARSCHOT
– KESSEL;
- de 7de GemBde zal over HOLSBEEK, SCHOOLBERGEN en
kilometerpaal 30 van de weg DIEST – LEUVEN oprukken naar de
zuidrand van LEUVEN – STATIE.

Mooie PDF... http://www.2de-artillerie.be/geschiedenis/PDF/03_Geschiedenis_2A_Deel_2_1914-1918_C.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Gaston de Gironde

On the D81, about 1 mile east of Mortefontaine is the Monument to Gaston de Gironde. According to the "Première Guerre Mondiale des Flandres a l'Alsace" he was a lieutenant in the 16th Dragoons who was killed during a cavalry charge which "counts among the greatest feats of arms of the French cavalry". On 10 September 1914 his cavalry squadron charged a German aircraft squadron which was parked on the open plateau in the vicinity of the monument. The monument recalls this deed, as well as listing the other men killed in the action. The lieutenant is buried about two miles to the south in Vivieres Communal Cemetery and his grave abuts the centre of the far wall of the cemetery. Several of the men that are listed on the monument are also buried in the cemetery.

http://www.fylde.demon.co.uk/charles31.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Erzherzog Joseph Ferdinand

(...) Following the relief of General Auffenberg he was at first provisionally appointed to command the 4th army on the 10th of September 1914 followed by permanent command on the 9th of November 1915.

With the 4th army he took part in the bloody winter campaign in the Carpathian mountains and the successful spring offensive of 1915 at Gorlice-Tarnów. Following the breakthrough of the Russian front at Gorlice and the battle of Krasnik he entered Lublin as it's conqueror. (...)

http://www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/biog/josferd.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The 11th Battalion, The Suffolk Regiment

The story starts with an application submitted to the War Office by Mr Almeric Paget on 10th September 1914. The application was for the formation of a Cambridgeshire Battalion formed from volunteers. This application was quickly sanctioned and on the 2nd October, the Cambridge Independent Press was able to report a strength of 290 men. The officers were chiefly recent graduates or undergraduates of the university. Initially, recruits were sent to the depot of the Suffolk Regiment in Bury St Edmunds.

Details of the new Battalion, as listed in the application, were as follows.

Lees verder op http://www.curme.co.uk/1914.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sheffield City Battalion | Alphaeus Casey's Diary

Alphaeus Abbott Casey was born at Annesley Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire on 22nd January 1895, the son of Thomas and Annie Casey. He was a student at the University of Sheffield when he enlisted into the ranks of the City Battalion with the number 12/69 on 10th September 1914. Between 1st January and 24th March 1915, during which time the battalion was at Redmires Camp, Alphaeus kept a detailed diary which gives a rare insight into the training regime of a Pals battalion. On 1st July 1916, he was killed in action with the battalion's "A" Company during the attack on Serre. Alphaeus has no known grave, and is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.

Lezen! http://www.pals.org.uk/sheffield/casey_diary01.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 22:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Magnus Rainier Robertson MC

On 10th September 1914, Robertson was appointed lance-corporal but it wasn’t long before he was looking for a role more fitting of his status as a Gentleman. By November he had already applied for a temporary commission in the regular army for the period of the war. He stated on the application form that he could ride, (although noted that he wasn’t a good horseman), and that his preferred unit was the 12th Essex Regiment. The application was witnessed by JP Robert Campion Blencowe (another of Chailey’s landed gentry) on 27th November and Robertson’s good standard of education was attested to by his old headmaster at Seaford Boys’ School. Colonel H G Sutton of the 8th Royal Sussex (which was by now stationed at Colchester, Essex), approved the application on 2nd December 1914. Sixteen days later, 2825 Lance-Corporal Magnus Rainier Robertson was discharged to commission.

http://www.chailey1914-1918.net/magnus_rainier_robertson.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 23:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Canadian Soldiers in Bermuda During World War One
Jean-Pierre Gagnon

Three Canadian infantry battalions served in Bermuda during the First World War.
Very little is known about their presence in these islands. The raison d'être ofthis article
is to provide a better knowledge ofthis first Canadian garrison duty abroad. The author
analyzes the selection ofthe units which were sent to Bermuda and studies and compares
themfrom different points ofview. Then, he examines their stay, emphasizing the social
aspects of their garrison duty. The Canadians' reaction toward it and the reciprocal
feelings ofthe soldiers and the Bermudians are considered.


(...) Sailing from Halifax on 10 September 1914, the RCR landed three days
later in Hamilton, the capital of Bermuda, to relieve the 2nd Battalion of the
Lincolnshire Regiment. The RCR was to remain there eleven months: on
13 August 1915, it left Bermuda for England via Halifax. The 38th Battalion
of the CEF, which had arrived the day before, replaced the RCR on the
Summer Islands. (...)

http://pi.library.yorku.ca/ojs/index.php/hssh/article/viewFile/16668/15526
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 23:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Hubert Openshaw

(...) Hubert Openshaw was born and raised in Bathurst where he attended the local school, at which he was an average scholar. His high school education took place at Port Alfred Public School, where he obtained his Junior Certificate (Grade 10), an acceptable qualification for leaving school in those days. He obtained a post as an attendant at the Port Alfred Mental Asylum and played for the Asylum Cricket Club, although not very well.

With the outbreak of World War I, he enlisted as a gunner with the machine gun section of the 1st Eastern Rifles. He was 22 years old, six feet tall, fair complexioned, with blue eyes and dark hair. After service in the German South West African campaign, on 10 September 1915 he re-enlisted in Potchefstroom and was posted to the Machine Gun Corps. He served briefly in North Africa with the Corps and was with the Corps as part of the 2nd SA Infantry when it moved to France. There the unit was based near Armentieres before being shifted, via Amiens, to the Somme area.

The battle of the Somme lasted from July to November 1916 and on the first day of the battle the South Africans were at Bray. On 10 July, they moved up to Maricourt and at Montauban into trenches captured from the Germans. The role of the South African Infantry (SAI) was to take the forests on the right of the British line, before proceeding through a valley up to the high ground, where the village of Longueval and Delville Wood dominate the landscape.

Despite the fact that the Germans still held various strong points along the route, the SAI accomplished this mission and entered Delville Wood on 15 July. In the carnage of that battle Hubert Openshaw was listed as killed in action in Delville Wood on 16 July 1916. This was reported in both the casualty list and in the local newspapers, after Mrs Openshaw had been advised accordingly. However, this was not correct. Kathie's research into Hubert's life revealed that he had in fact died of wounds on 14 July. More careful research revealed that Hubert Openshaw had been a casualty of a direct hit on his gun by a shell outside Bernafay Wood while waiting to go up to the front. He was formally buried in a simple grave in the vicinity. His mother was never told of this discrepancy and it can be assumed that rather than go through all the administrative detail for one soldier, the South African authorities simply included him with the other 2 536 casualties incurred at Delville Wood a day or two later.

The area where Hubert was buried was the scene of subsequent heavy shelling and the grave was obliterated. However, it is possible that in the subsequent cleaning up operations after the war that Hubert's body was recovered and interred at either Quarry or Caterpillar Cemetery as an unknown soldier. However, his name appears on the Thiepval Memorial and in St John's Church, Bathurst, where he is listed as "fell at Delville Wood" and on the Bathurst District Memorial. (...)

http://samilitaryhistory.org/10/10sepnl.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 23:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Zion Muleteers of Gallipoli

(...) Colonel Patterson described in the Jewish Chronicle on 10 September 1915 (while recruiting in Alexandria) how ‘These brave lads who had never seen shellfire before most competently unloaded the boats and handled the mules whilst shells were bursting in close proximity to them … nor were they in any way discouraged when they had to plod their way to Seddul Bahr, walking over dead bodies while the bullets flew around them … for two days and two nights we marched … thanks to the ZMC the 29th Division did not meet with a sad fate, for the ZMC were the only Army Service Corps in that part of Gallipolli at that time.’

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/gallipoli.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Sep 2010 23:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Polynesian Voyagers. The Maori as a Deep-sea Navigator, Explorer, and Colonizer

Ocean Currents
(...) The following extract from a Wellington paper shows how we are gathering data concerning ocean currents: On roth September last, at 11 a.m., Privates H. A. Forrester and F. Goode east a bottle into the sea off the east side of Somes Island. The bottle contained the following written on a slip of paper: ‘Cast into the sea on Thursday, 10th September, 1915, by Privates H. A. Forrester and F. Goode, guards of Some Island internment camp. The interesting sequel to this is a reply now to hand from W. F. Whiteman, wireless operator at Chatham Island, stating that the bottle was picked up by a Maori on the beach of the north coast of that island on 27th December. The writer states that the occurrence is very interesting, as it gives one some idea of the currents running between New Zealand and Chatham Island. When casting the bottle adrift the senders had no idea that it would reach the open sea, but hoped it would find its way to the Petone shore, as they were under the impression that the tide was drifting in that direction at the time. In this case a drift canoe from Wellington might have reached the Chathams. (...)

http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-BesPoly-t1-body-d1-d12.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2010 13:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Eruera Kawhia & Potene Tuhoro

Brothers Eruera Kawhia and Potene Tuhoro from Rangitukia on the East Coast were so keen to do their bit for King and country that they ran away from home, jumped on a steamer and headed for Auckland to join the Maori Contingent.

(...) There is no information about Potene until 10th September 1916 when he incurred stoppage of pay for the loss of ammunition in the field. The Pioneers were on the Somme in the mud, amidst the shelling, working through the shell holes in relay teams. (...)

Lees verder op http://www.aucklandmuseum.com/832/eruera-kawhia
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2010 13:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

David Cruickshank - A Cameronian's Adventures in the Great War

(...) It was on one of these infrequent and unwanted meetings with Madam D that she began to show an interest in forming a relationship with him, but David was in love with Aimee and so rejected her advances. At some stage, Madam D indicated to David that he would be sorry for these rejections and all but threatened to denounce him to the occupying forces. This troubled David but all he could do was continue his deception and hope she would not carry out her threat. Indeed, David had many adventures as Mademoiselle Louise but in September 1916, his luck ran out.

Julie-Celestine recalled the night of 10th September in a 1927 interview;

At about midnight on 10th September 1916 a number of German soldiers came to the house and demanded entrance. David, having given up his cachette, was asleep, sharing a bed with Leon. There was no time to conceal David in his old hiding place. As soon as they entered the house, the Germans went straight to the bed in which the two men lay. I was terrified knowing fully what was likely to happen if David was discovered. Pointing to Leon, they asked 'who is this?' 'My son Leon', I replied. I was trembling and could see that they had noticed. David had concealed himself under the bedclothes, but, the Boches had evidently been well informed for to my horror, they pulled back the bedclothes and said, "and who is this?! "A cousin,'"I told them knowing they knew they had their British soldier.

The Germans arrested not only David, but also Julie-Celestine and her son Leon. Madam Baudhuin tried to touch their hearts by pleading with them not to take this mother away from her young daughter with no one to care for her but, her appeal was in vain and all three were marched off to captivity.

They were kept in very poor conditions until October 16th 1916 when they were brought before a German military court. Julie-Celestine was sentenced to 10 years in prison, Leon to hard labour in a work camp, and David, was ordered to be shot. It seemed that his fate was sealed. (...)

Lees verder op http://www.fylde.demon.co.uk/anderson.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2010 13:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letterston War Memorial - World War One, 1914-1918

William Griffiths. Guardsman, 2141, Welsh Guards. William was born in St. Issell's, the brother of John Griffiths, of Jeffreston, Pembrokeshire. He enlisted at Pembroke into the 1st Battalion of the Welsh Guards, part of 3rd Guards Brigade, Guards Division. The Welsh Guards were formed in France during August 1915, and were blooded at the Battle of Loos in September 1915. They moved to the Somme, and took part in the Battle of Flers-Courcelette, where the famous photo of a Mark I tank rolling through the main street of Flers was taken. (This was the first time a tank was ever used in Battle). William was Killed in Action on 10 September, 1916, and is buried at London Cemetery & Extension, Longueval.

http://www.pembrokeshire-war-memorial.co.uk/page30.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2010 13:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

10 September 1917 - Sgt Jules Tiberghien, 43 RI, (attch'd Escadrille 31, French Air Service).

Another of the three Tiberghien brothers to die in the Great War (see the ROTD entry for 7 May 2010), Jules was born on 22 January 1892 and began his military service at Lille with the 43rd RI in 1912. After serving as an infantryman and being wounded in action (gaining the Medaille Militaire and Croix de Guerre in the process), he became attached to the Air Corps. Killed in aerial combat in the northern Ypres Salient (NE of Drie Grachten) on 10 September 1917, Jules has no known grave but is commemorated on the war memorial at Tourcoing.

http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/component/content/1449.html?task=view
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2010 13:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

September 10, 1919: Austria and the Allies sign the Treaty of Saint-Germain recognizing the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.

The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, was signed on 10 September 1919 by the victorious Allies of World War I on the one hand and by the new Republic of Austria on the other. Like the Treaty of Versailles with Germany, it contained the Covenant of the League of Nations and as a result was not ratified by the United States.

The treaty declared that the Austro-Hungarian Empire was to be dissolved. The new Republic of Austria, consisting of most of the German-speaking Alpine part of the former Austrian Empire, recognized the independence of Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, and the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. The treaty included ‘war reparations’ of large sums of money, directed towards the allies, to pay for the costs of the war.

Austria was reduced not only by the loss of crownlands incorporated into the states of Czechoslovakia, Poland, and Yugoslavia (the “successor states”) but by the cession of the regions Istria and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, city of Trieste, and several Dalmatian islands to Italy and the cession of Bukovina to Romania. In total, it lost land to Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Poland, Romania, and Italy. Burgenland, then a part of Hungary, was awarded to Austria.

The treaty signing ceremony took place at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye.

http://formaementis.wordpress.com/2008/09/10/on-this-day-september-10-1919/
Ook hier: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Saint-Germain-en-Laye_(1919)
Ook hier: https://omniatlas.com/maps/europe/19190910/
_________________

"A grand canyon has opened up in our world, the fissure, the crack, grows wider every day. Neither on each side can hear a word that the other shrieks and nor do they want to."
-Stephen Fry on political correctness.


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 10 Sep 2018 9:17, in toaal 2 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2010 13:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1917)

10 september 1917 - De Belgische regering kocht de voormalige quarantaine­stallen in Baarle-Hertog om er een aantal van haar dien­sten in te huisvesten. Zo werd bijvoorbeeld een gedeelte ervan tot een gevangenis omgebouwd. De meest illustere gevangene, die hier in de nor belandde was een zekere Timmermans uit Poppel. Deze laatste was samen met Snels uit Beerse actief als agent van de Duitse contraspionage. In die hoedanigheid waren ze geïnfiltreerd in plaatselijke verzetsorganisaties, soms met noodlottige gevolgen. Enkele tientallen verzetslui belanden door hun toedoen achter de tralies. Bij een opdracht in Baarle (een broeinest van spionageactiviteiten) werd hij door agenten van de Belgische staatsveiligheid bij de kraag gegrepen. Zijn verblijf in de cel was echter van korte duur, want hij slaagde erin de gevangenis te ontvluchtten. Na de wapenstil­stand dook Timmermans onder in Nederland. Op 28 februari 1920 zou hij samen met zijn kompaan Snels, wegens hulp aan de vijand, bij verstek ter dood veroor­deeld worden. (onuitgegeven kroniek van Jan Huijbrechts)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=190&Itemid=47
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2010 13:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Radical Australia's hidden history: The General Strike of 1917 .
Robert Bollard, 7 May 2007

On 10 September 1917 - a Sunday morning - a crowd of thousands of disgruntled workers gathered in anger and despair outside the Trades and Labour Council in Sydney. A lone figure emerged from the crowd and began chalking a notice for a meeting in the Domain the next day. A voice from the crowd yelled out: "Why not now?" In response, a procession of some thousands was formed. They marched to the Domain where they voted to denounce the leadership who had just decided to end the biggest strike in Australia's history.

The eastern states of Australia had been in the grip of a mass strike. For six weeks, 100,000 workers had struck in support of a few thousand skilled workers in the railway and tramway workshops at Randwick and Eveleigh.

The strike had begun in the workshops on 2 August in response to the introduction of the "card system", the new American system of "scientific" management involving time and motion studies, intense supervision and a systematic speeding up of the work rate. The workers in the workshops forced the strike on their reluctant officials. It had then spread beyond their ranks, with even less enthusiasm or support from the officials of the unions whose members joined in solidarity. The head of the NSW Labor Council, E.J. Kavanagh (who also headed the Defence Committee that ostensibly ran the strike) later complained that "it was harder to keep men in than get them out".

The strike spread first to the rest of the railways, then to the coal mines as miners refused to supply coal for the railways or travel to work on scab trains. Then the Sydney wharfies walked out rather than handle scab coal. Factories, timber yards and warehouses were strikebound as their workforces refused to handle goods carted from the strikebound wharves. The carters who worked the wharves also struck. Seamen walked out all along the East Coast in active defiance of their officials. The Melbourne waterfront joined the movement as did a number of Melbourne timber yards and factories including CSR and Dunlop.

The manager of the refreshment rooms at Central Station lined his waitresses up and gave them a lecture on why they should either be obedient and serve tea and scones to scabs or leave. The young women silently donned their hats and coats and filed out,

The highpoint of the strike was reached in late August when, in response to the jailing of three strike leaders, including the president of the Miners' Union, the Broken Hill mines and the Wonthaggi coal mines in Victoria walked out. Delegates from Broken Hill tried without success to persuade the Port Pirie smelter workers to strike, but the wharfies at Port Pirie responded to the call, refusing to unload coal for the smelter, which had only a few days' supply in stock. Port Pirie at this time provided the bulk of the lead for the Allied war effort. The strike threatened to close down the Western Front!

Why had this incredible explosion of strike activity taken place? The appeal of patriotism, which had been so effective in preventing strike activity in 1914 and 1915, had clearly faded. By late 1917 key sections, possibly a majority, of the Australian working class had turned against the war.

Many Irish Australians (most of whom were working class) had lost any enthusiasm they may have had for the British Empire after the brutal suppression of the Easter Uprising in 1916. Archbishop Mannix, the Catholic Archbishop of Melbourne, had addressed monster anti-conscription rallies in 1916; he also spoke from the pulpit in 1917 in support of the strike. The vote against conscription in the referendum of October 1916 revealed the extent of opposition to the war.

The campaign for the "No" vote in 1916, however, had not been waged primarily by Mannix and the Catholic Church. It was the trade union movement and the left which led the fight. The revolutionary Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) grew in influence - it had at least 2,000 members by early 1917, around 1,500 of these in Sydney alone. Other left groups like the Victorian Socialist Party grew in influence too. Two VSP members, Jenny Baines and Adela Pankhurst, led a crowd of 20,000 in late August in an attempt to storm the Federal Parliament in Melbourne. In September, when the strike had been turned into a bitter lockout, they would lead crowds of working class men and women through streets darkened by the coal shortage, smashing the windows of shops and factories that employed scabs.

Baines and Pankhurst targeted the shops as a protest at the rising cost of food. This underlines another cause of the working class radicalisation. The war led to hyperinflation and there was no rationing. The cumbersome system of arbitration was unable to cope. The wharfies, for instance, received no pay rise from Justice Higgins's court from 1914 to 1919; prices in the meantime had risen by 66 per cent. It is little wonder then that workers increasingly abandoned arbitration for direct action. A strike wave had started with a successful campaign by miners at Broken Hill which won victory in early 1916. By the end of that year the coal miners had launched and won a national strike for higher wages and the eight hour day. The dam had burst.

The Great Strike of 1917 erupted then in the context of economic distress and political crisis, of radicalisation and resistance on an unprecedented scale. This explains the speed with which workers responded to the need for solidarity with the railway workshops. They understood that their movement was under attack by the government and that a defeat for one would be a defeat for all.

It also explains the enthusiasm with which the strike movement spread. This was not a solemn and dour movement. Militants marched out of mass meetings singing the new song imported by the IWW from the US, "Solidarity Forever". It was sung too on the daily demonstrations of thousands that crammed the streets of Sydney - reaching up to at least 150,000 on the Sundays in late August. In one mass meeting young militants were reported using a convenient piano to play "ragtime tunes" to drown out anyone who tried to argue against striking.

Despite this, however, the strike had its weaknesses. One of the reasons why there was perceived to be a need for solidarity was the weakness of the strike in the NSW railways. The workshops were fairly solid, but the rail network itself was kept going as around a third of the workforce (predominantly in the rural areas) scabbed.

The right-wing state and federal governments responded with viciousness and organisation. Scabs were recruited from the rural areas and the posh suburbs. The universities and elite private schools of Sydney and Melbourne willingly provided recruits for the scab army. The rural and middle-class volunteers was garrisoned at the SCG and at Taronga Zoo.

A worse problem was the strike's leadership. The workers had struck without reference to the officials, but there was no alternative leadership. The IWW had been broken by state repression and the officials who never wanted the strike were allowed to run it. The Defence Committee, a body comprised entirely of officials, spent most of its time trying to stop the strike from spreading. The federal Committee of Management of the Waterside Workers' Federation forced the Port Pirie branch to return to work with threats of expulsion. All the officials (with the single exception of Broken Hill) discouraged picketing and had no strategy to deal with the scabbing. As soon as they felt they could, they called the strike off.

The reaction mentioned at the beginning of this article was almost universal. Almost every mass meeting rejected the sellout, but the officials ignored the votes. The militants who wanted to hold out found themselves isolated as every waverer had official sanction to return to work. Only the coal miners held out, hoping to drive out the scabs who had been placed in two of the Maitland pits. The wharfies, who had largely been replaced by scabs (in this case many of them were not middle class volunteers and, therefore, wanted to stay) were locked out. The seamen held out in solidarity with the wharfies. But even these groups were eventually forced back. The Melbourne wharfies held out the longest, returning in early December.

But the movement which had been so badly defeated did not remain so for long. A movement in advance sometimes can learn sharp lessons from a defeat, and this was the case after 1917. In 1919 Australia was hit by the biggest strike wave in its history dominated by groups of workers who had been defeated in 1917. One of the biggest strikes was by the seamen who, disgusted by their officials' behaviour in 1917, had replaced them with a team led by the Communist Tom Walsh. At the strike's outset Walsh declared to an enthusiastic mass meeting in the Socialist Hall in Melbourne: "It is the duty of every trade unionist to plunge this city into darkness".

They did and they won. Revenge was sweet.

http://www.sa.org.au/component/content/article/134-edition-116/1150-radical-australias-hidden-history-the-general-strike-of-1917
_________________

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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2010 13:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Portret van Cornelia Wilhelmina Borghs, geboren op 10 september 1917 en overleden op 26 september 1920.

Zusje van Adrianus Antonius Borghs (Janus Kiep). Opname gemaakt na haar overlijden.

https://www.europeana.eu/portal/nl/record/2021633/AtlantisPubliek_detail_aspx_xmldescid_14732778.html
_________________

"A grand canyon has opened up in our world, the fissure, the crack, grows wider every day. Neither on each side can hear a word that the other shrieks and nor do they want to."
-Stephen Fry on political correctness.


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 10 Sep 2018 8:36, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2010 13:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Rin Tin Tin

Rin Tin Tin (often billed as Rin-Tin-Tin in the 1920s and 1930s) was the name given to several related German Shepherd dogs featured in fictional stories on film, radio and television.

The first of the line (c. September 10, 1918 – August 10, 1932) was a shell-shocked pup found by American serviceman Lee Duncan in a bombed-out dog kennel in Lorraine, France, less than two months before the end of World War I. He was named for a puppet called Rin tin tin that French children gave to the American soldiers for good luck. The dog returned at war's end with Duncan to his home in Los Angeles, California.[1] In color he was a dark sable, with very dark eyes.

Nicknamed Rinty by his owner, the dog learned tricks and could leap great heights. He was seen performing at a dog show by film producer Charles Jones, who paid Duncan to film Rinty. Duncan became convinced Rin Tin Tin could become the next Strongheart.

The dog's big break came when he stepped in for a recalcitrant wolf in The Man From Hell's River (1922). Rin Tin Tin would be cast as a wolf or wolf-hybrid many times in his career, though not looking like one. (...)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rin_Tin_Tin

On 10 September 1918, a United States soldier named Lee Duncan found the original Rin-Tin-Tin as a newborn puppy in Lorraine, France. His combat unit stumbled upon a litter of pups and a mother dog in a bombed out building, and decided to rescue them. Duncan picked out one of the male puppies, and named him RinTinTin, after a popular French puppet.

http://www.wisegeek.com/who-is-rin-tin-tin.htm
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"A grand canyon has opened up in our world, the fissure, the crack, grows wider every day. Neither on each side can hear a word that the other shrieks and nor do they want to."
-Stephen Fry on political correctness.


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 10 Sep 2010 13:47, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2010 13:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter from Anne Morgan, 10 September 1918
Anne Morgan's War: Rebuilding Devastated France, 1917–1924

Letter from Anne Morgan to her mother, Frances Tracy Morgan, Blérancourt, 10 September 1918

Dearest Mother,

Here we are again at Chateau-Thierry and there is no lack of things to do, I can assure you. Last week, as I wrote you, Anne [Dike] was ill with the prevailing disease, and I went down to Paris to attend to that end for a while. After she came down there and I was on the point of starting off to Boullay-Thierry and the farms, we both received a telephone call to come up here again as the Etat Major had something they wanted of us. We knew they were on the point of leaving so came right up. When we arrived we were told that General [Jean] Degoutte wanted to pay a formal call before leaving. He appeared, was most polite and asked us to dine with him that evening. It was very amusing for we told Captain de Lalande when he asked us, that of course we had meant to go right back to Paris that evening and that we had a great deal to do down there!

[On September 3, General Degoutte decorated Anne Morgan and Anne Murray Dike with the Croix de Guerre avec Palme.]

Lalande is the head of the bureau that all our work goes through, but needless to say the General was not present when we told him this. Well we had a very pleasant dinner, none of our own group was asked, and in all there were only eight of us. Everything went on as one would expect till the time came for coffee, then the General asked us to come out on the terrace; it seemed a trifle late and cold for al fresco coffee, but we followed him out at once. You can imagine our feelings when we saw in this dear little jardin clos [enclosed garden], the two lines of chasseurs [infantrymen] drawn up on the sides with the music at the further end. The whole ceremony is the very essence of France, the simplicity and symbolism of it makes one part of the very inner spirit and stirs one to the depths. With all one's heart and soul one longed to have all the people at home who are working as we are working, only far removed from the intense interest of actual presence, have the chance of seeing and feeling it all. However we were enormously pleased at the wording of the citation, as it included all the oeuvre, and will we feel sure please our own people at home.

Meanwhile the work is going ahead steadily and well, of course the problem is beyond words, and one never ceases to marvel at the courage of these people who are not only willing but determined to recreate some kind of a home for themselves among their own ruins. The army is doing marvels with the harvest, for in spite of shell holes and lack of animals and all kind of harvesting machinery, the tenth army alone has harvested twelve thousand hectares. We are now running a series of auto bazaars in the small villages which are far removed from all method of transportation and in desperate need of everything, in these we sell at very low prices, but ask enough to keep the self-respect of the people themselves and also make them appreciate more the things they get. In this way we soon find out the people who can not afford to buy what are evidently necessities, and these are always helped.

At the present moment it is idle to think of repairs to houses, the giving out of tar paper for roofs and oil paper for windows is being done through the army, but the worst of it is that many of what is left of the houses should be blown up or there will be very serious accidents as soon as the winter rains and frosts set in. Yesterday one of our doctors came back with a very amusing tale, that one of her patients to whom she had recommended strict quiet had been very apologetic, that after all she had not been able to stay very quiet because in the middle of the night she and all the family had had to move.

The medical work is the very most important of all these days, and it is wonderful the way both of our own doctors get their results. We now have at least eleven dispensaries that they go to twice a week, and besides this any number of house-to-house visits. There were almost five hundred cases in three weeks. Each doctor has her own line of towns and her own nurse, so in all with the chauffeuse [woman driver] it means six people on this end of the work. Yesterday we got permission from General [Charles] Mangin to open up our Vic center again so soon now we will divide, and half of this territory between the Aisne and the Marne will be done from here and the other half from Vic. For the present there is no use doing anything further north, though I am sorry to say they are allowing the cultivateurs to return up as far as Audignicourt. Some of our old group took a Sunday joy ride up to Blérancourt this week, and the poor kids came back all broken up, poor children, they said now they realized more than ever what it meant when these people, only said quelle misère.

Of course all our own barraques were burnt by the French before they left, but the Boche have carried away bodily all the Administration ones that were last year's homes. However our old stone pavilions have not been all destroyed and next year we will be able to get back there again into our own territory and start a new center from there as nothing will ever be as close to not only ourselves but all the people we have been working among.

Please give no end of love to all the family, it will be a wonderful thing to see you again before long, now, but it is not possible to say when I will sail, but it will probably be about November second on the Touraine.

Always your devoted daughter,
Anne

https://www.themorgan.org/exhibitions/online/annemorgan/letter/date/9101918
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-Stephen Fry on political correctness.


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Kazan Operation

Kazan Operation was the Red Army's offensive (5–10 September 1918) against the Czechoslovak Legion and the KomUch People's Army during the Russian Civil War.

Lees verder: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kazan_Operation
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WEATHERS, LAWRENCE CARTHAGE (1890-1918)

WEATHERS, LAWRENCE CARTHAGE (1890-1918), undertaker and soldier, was born on 14 May 1890 at Te Kopuru, near Dargaville, New Zealand, son of John Joseph Weathers, labourer, and his wife Ellen Frances, née McCormack, both Adelaide born. Aged 7, he sailed with his parents to Adelaide; the family settled in rural South Australia and Lawrence was sent to Snowtown Public School. By 1913 he had become an undertaker and may have sensed—if he did not understand—where paths of glory lead. On 10 September he married a 23-year-old, Melbourne-born domestic servant, Annie Elizabeth Watson, at her father's home in the Adelaide suburb of Unley; the young couple lived nearby at Parkside and were to have two children.

Enlisting in the Australian Imperial Force on 3 February 1916, Weathers embarked with the 43rd Battalion in June. After further training on Salisbury Plain, England, in November he was taken with units of the 3rd Division to the Western Front. Sickness confined him to hospital from January to April 1917. On the night of 10 June, during an operation at Messines, Belgium, he was wounded and was away from his battalion until 3 December. Promoted lance-corporal on 21 March 1918, he was gassed on 26 May at Bois L'Abbé in the Villers-Bretonneux sector, France, but rejoined his unit within a month.

After the capture of Mont St Quentin, the duty of clearing a small area criss-crossed with barbed wire entanglements north of Péronne fell to the 43rd Battalion on 2 September. The major objective was Scutari trench. The unit went forward at 5.35 that morning, but was halted by scything fire. From the vanguard Weathers attacked the enemy garrison and killed its leader. Replenishing his stock of bombs, with three others he went back into the fray. Given cover by a comrade's Lewis-gun, Weathers seemed oblivious to danger as he scaled the German parapet and hurled his bombs into the trench below. By 7 a.m. resistance ceased. He took three machine-guns and 180 prisoners back to his lines. His uniform caked in mud, with blood streaming down his face and five days stubble, Weathers looked quite a 'card' to his mates when he returned with souvenired German binoculars and pistols festooning him like a Christmas tree. The strain and the release of nerves showed in his chatter of how he had 'put the wind up' the enemy. He was recommended for the Victoria Cross.

Promoted temporary corporal on 10 September 1918 (his fifth wedding anniversary), Weathers received a short respite from action before moving with his battalion to attack the Hindenburg line between Rosnoy and Bony. At dawn on the 29th the engagement commenced; wounded by shell-fire, Weathers died before dusk. He never knew of his V.C. which was gazetted on Christmas eve. Buried in Unicorn cemetery, Vendhuille, France, he was survived by his wife and sons. His elder brother Private Thomas Francis Weathers, 9th Light Horse Regiment, had died from wounds on 15 June 1915 at Gallipoli.

http://adbonline.anu.edu.au/biogs/A120469b.htm
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Corporal William Oliver Pearson, BC(NL)

Corporal William Oliver Pearson, BC(NL) was born on 20 November 1898. During WW I he enlisted in the Canadian Army in Regina on 26 April 1918 as a member of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police Draft. He served in the United Kingdom in the Canadian Tank Depot at Bovington from 10 September 1918 until his return to Canada the following May. During the inter-war years, he worked as a welder. Early in World War Two, Corporal Pearson re-enlisted in the Canadian Army and was posted to the 3rd (New Brunswick) Coast Brigade (Royal Canadian Artillery) as a gunner.

Lees verder op http://www.warlinks.com/pearson/index.shtml
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THE EXECUTION OF SHEFFIELD SOLDIERS IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR

When I posted the page on the execution of Private Henry Hughes in 1918 I was aware that he was not the only soldier to be executed by the British Army who came from Sheffield. In one book I read it stated that there were two more soldiers from Sheffield that shared Henry's fate. However a reader of the article contacted me and informed me that at least SIX soldiers from Sheffield were executed during the First World War. Thankfully he supplied me with the names of the others and after a few hours of research I was at least able to identify them and locate their final resting places.

The six soldiers executed (and their date of execution) were

Pte James A. Haddock - 16th September 1916 - age 32
Pte Ernest Walter Jack Harris - 3rd February 1917 - age 20
Pte Henry Hughes - 10th April 1918 - age 27
Pte Walter Dossett - 25th June 1918 - age 22
Pte George Ainley - 30th July 1918 - age 20
Pte Frank Bateman - 10th September 1918 - age 28

Lees verder op http://www.chrishobbs.com/sheffieldsoldiersfww.htm

THE EXECUTION OF FRANK BATEMAN (1898 – 1918)

http://www.chrishobbs.com/frankbateman1918.htm
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WAR DIARY - 1/8th (ARDWICK) BATTALION MANCHESTER REGIMENT

SEPTEMBER 10 1918 - LE BARQUE
Training continued. The rifles of one company inspected by the armourer sergeant. Range Practices, Tactical Schemes were the chief points of the training besides the ordinary smartening up drill and recreation.

http://www.themanchesters.org/wd191809.htm
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Australians in France: 1918 - Friends and Foe - Australian soldiers' relations with their superiors

Australian troops, while known for their skill and spirit on the battlefields, also gained the reputation for not always being deferential to their superiors - whether Australian or another nationality. Much of their dissatisfaction was due to the harsh living conditions they endured on the front lines, while higher ranks often had more comfortable surroundings:

One loaf between four and no porridge ... Would like to feel as happy as the Sgt Major

- Diary entry, Private A. Golding, 10 September 1918.

http://www.awm.gov.au/exhibitions/1918/soldier/superiors.asp
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In oorlogstijd. Het volledige dagboek van de Eerste Wereldoorlog – Stijn Streuvels

10 september 1916 - Hoe vreemd doet het toch zulk een prachtige zomerdag en geen mens te zien over heel de streek? De mensen verleven nu hun zondagen gelijk vóór honderd jaar, elk zoekt zijn verzet (als men van verzet spreken mag) in of rond het huis en velen doen zich zelfs de moeite niet meer 's zondags hun beste kleren aan te trekken. Van overdaad of baldadigheid is geen spraak meer en ware 't niet van de vele andere ellenden en de rampspoed die er de oorzaak van zijn, de matigheidsbonden zouden mogen jubileren want nog nooit werden de princiepen zo goed nagevolgd.

10 september 1918 - We liggen weer met inkwartiering. Het lijkt of het winterseizoen is ingetreden en de vlucht voor toekomend jaar blijft uitgesteld. We wachten de gebeurtenissen af.

https://www.dbnl.org/tekst/stre009inoo02_01/stre009inoo02_01_0025.php & https://www.dbnl.org/tekst/stre009inoo02_01/stre009inoo02_01_0048.php
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"A grand canyon has opened up in our world, the fissure, the crack, grows wider every day. Neither on each side can hear a word that the other shrieks and nor do they want to."
-Stephen Fry on political correctness.


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Dagboek Raphaël Waterschoot 1917

10 september 1917 maandag - In de Akademie heeft n'en Duitsche soldaat de onvoorzichtigheid n'en machine geweerkogel te doen ontploffen; resultaat 4 vingeren kwijt. De aardappeloogst mag van heden af binnengehaald worden.

Onbedoeld komisch... http://www.oorlogsdagboek.org/1917%20oorlogsdagboek%201917/scannen0136.htm
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Birmingham Mail, Monday 10 September 1917

BOY GAMBLERS - ARE THEY EARNING TOO MUCH MONEY?
At Smethwick, today, a number of boys of 14 and 15 years of age, were summoned for gambling, and Superintendent Campbell commenting on the prevalence and nuisance of gambling, said it seemed to be a mania with boys when they entered a factory.
In reply to the Chairman (Mr. A. H. Griffiths) the Superintendent said it would appear that the boys were getting too much money, and having so much led them to taking part in games of chance.
Mr. Griffiths said the money paid to boys nowadays was inclined to be a curse rather than a blessing.
Once of the lads said his wages were 21s. 6d. a week, but with overtime he could make 27s. or 30s.
The magistrates imposed a fine in each case of £1 0s. 7d., and ordered the parents to pay, the object being to secure greater parental control.

https://www.voicesofwarandpeace.org/2017/09/10/on-this-day-10-september-1917/
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Oorlogsberichten vanaf de tusschenkomst van de Verenigde Staten van Amerika van de oorlog 1914/1918

De heer F. Malefason uit Lissewege, sedert jaren trouw lid, bezorgde ons een fotokopie van een interessant dagboek uit de Eerste Wereldoorlog. Over de auteur tasten we in het ongewisse. De berichten moeten heel zeker in Brugge genoteerd zijn. Ze geven een parallel overzicht tussen de lokale gebeurtenissen en deze op wereldvlak. Omwille van de authenticiteit hebben we de spelling ongewijzigd gelaten. (n.v.d.r.).

10 september 1917 - Rond 4 uur namiddag vliegers een tiental bommen geworpen op Haven en oude bassin rechtover fabriek verscheidene dooden op Haven Van Poucke & Van Eyckcongedie Provisoirement. ‘s nachts ook vliegers geweest twee maal herbegonnen te schieten naartoe. Bommen zijn er geworpen.

http://www.zwinstreek.eu/geschiedenis/heemkundige-kringen/zoeken-in-publicaties/1759-oorlogsberichten-vanaf-de-tusschenkomst-van-de-vereenigde-staten-van-amerika-van-de-oorlog-1914-1918-1999-03
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Minister for War, David Lloyd George, 10 September 1916

British Minister for War, David Lloyd George, visits Verdun. He delivers a stirring speech at an official dinner with Governor of Verdun, General Dubois, declaring:

The memory of the victorious resistance of Verdun will be immortal because Verdun saved, not only France, but the whole of the great cause which is common to ourselves and humanity. The evil-working force of the enemy has broken itself against the heights around this old citadel as an angry sea breaks upon a granite rook. These heights have conquered the storm which threatened the world. I am deeply moved when I tread this sacred soil, and I do not speak for myself alone. I bring to you a tribute of the admiration of my country, of the great Empire which I represent here. They bow with me before your sacrifice and before your glory. Once again, for the defence of the great causes with which its very future is bound up, mankind turns to France.

http://www.centenaryww1orange.com.au/events/10-september-1916/
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The First World War Letters Of H.C.J. Peirs

10. 9. 1916.
(rec’ 16 9 16)

My dear Father,

Many thanks for a book from Hatchards & a box of cigars. – no letters have come lately however & I think the posts must be all wrong. Will you please let me know that you have got my cheque for the car insurance & the 7. 13. 8 for the footballs, which arrived all right & are very useful now. We are still out of the line & the men are getting a good rest. We sent off a party of them this morning to the seaside for a couple of nights, which they ought to enjoy, but I doubt if we shall have time to work through the whole lot, & there is some talk of some of the officers getting a few hours in one of the bigger towns in rear with the chance of a bath & a recherché meal, so if you get a P. C. from me from some such place you will know why I’m there. Church in an orchard this morning & a particularly dull padré. I hope you are having a decent holiday with good weather.

Love to all

Jack.

I have still no address to write to you at.

http://jackpeirs.org/letters/10-september-1916/
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Salonika 1915 - 1918

10 September 1916 - British XVI Corps undertakes a number of energetic, large-scale raids in the Strums Valley aimed at the villages of Nevolyen, Kara Orman, Ynei Mahale and Kato Gudeli. The main raid was undertaken by the 2nd Northumberland Fusiliers against Nevolyen. The battalion was faced with hard fighting in and around the village and suffered 124 casualties whilst taking 30 Bulgarian prisoners.

Foto op https://www.facebook.com/Salonika19151918/photos/a.414688318628569/1022534714510590/?type=3&theater
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World War 1 Letters by Wilfred Charles Cundell Satchell, Flanders, 10 September 1916

Postmark: FIELD POST OFFICE 13 SP 16
PASSED FIELD CENSOR 3519

Master Ronald Satchell
"Macclesfield"
Livingstone St
Burwood
Sydney
Australia

Flanders
10th Sept 1916

My dear little Ron,

I won't be able to call you "Little" much longer will I? I hear from everyone that you growing very fast and do lots of messages by yourself. When I was at home last someone always went with you, but now you are a little man, just fancy going to the barbers too.

How are you getting on at school, jobbed anyone yet, but I mustn't say that otherwise Mum will rouse on me for being naughty, if you ever want any help though just send for me and I will come in an aeroplane. Did you say Billy was a silly, I'll fight yer!

Well Mr Satchell I have no more this time to talk to you about. I am sending some more post cards to you, so good bye Jimmie dear till next time.

Your loving big bruz
Billy

https://ww1satchell.weebly.com/10-september-1916.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2018 8:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1914-1918: Ein rheinisches Tagebuch (Quellen aus Archiven des Rheinlands): Siegburger Kreisblatt vom 10. September 1916

Geschäftsjahresabrechnung im Troisdorfer Fassoneisenwalzwerk Mannstaedt & Co.

Fassoneisenwalzwerk Mannstaedt & Co.,
Troisdorf
. In der gestrigen Sitzung des Auf-
sichtsrates wurde der Abschluß für 1915/16
zur Vorlage gebracht. Der Ueberschuß beträgt
6 014 428 Mark gegen 3 204 840 Mark; nach
Verrechnung der Generalunkosten, Zinsen,
Kriegslasten usw. beträgt der Rohgewinn
4 182 147 Mark gegen 1 401 925 Mark. Nach
Abschreibungen von 3 050 395 Mark ergibt
sich ein Reingewinn von 1 131 752 Mark
gegen 114 250 Mark zu folgender Verwen-
dung: 120 000 (0) Mark Rücklage für Kriegs-
gewinnsteuer, 90 000 Mark als 6 prozentige
Dividenden-Nachzahlung für 1914/15 auf 1,5
Millionen Mark Vorzugsaktien, 8 Prozent
Dividende auf das gesamte Aktienkapital,
41 550 Mark (0 Prozent) vertragliche Ver-
gütungen, 50 000 Mark (0 Mark) Zuweisung
zur Nationalstiftung für die Hinterbliebenen
der im Kriege Gefallenen, 20 000 (0) Mark
für Wohlfahrtszwecke und 10 202 (6752) Mk.
als Vortrag auf neue Rechnung.

https://archivewk1.hypotheses.org/29972
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Maurice George DelPratt correspondence - 10 September 1915

Letters and postcards written by Maurice George Delpratt while held as a prisoner of war in Turkey during World War One. Letter from Maurice George Delpratt to his sister Mrs. F.L. White (Nell). Includes envelope.

http://bishop.slq.qld.gov.au/view/action/singleViewer.do?dvs=1536566385964~662&locale=nl_NL&metadata_object_ratio=14&show_metadata=true&VIEWER_URL=/view/action/singleViewer.do?&DELIVERY_RULE_ID=10&frameId=1&usePid1=true&usePid2=true via https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Maurice_George_DelPratt_correspondence_-_10_September_1915_-_2811510v000r001.jpg
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-Stephen Fry on political correctness.
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2018 9:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1915-1916 The two births of the Canard Enchaîné

Le Canard Enchaîné was born during the war, against the war or, more precisely, against a certain "war culture". Neither defeatist nor, strictly speaking, pacifist, it stood apart among the French press.

The "war culture" had had its finest hours in the first months of World War I, when Le Matin headlined that the Cossacks were just five stages from Berlin and L’Intransigeant claimed that "German bullets went in one side and out the other without causing any injury". Two journalists, who worked for newspapers practising this psychological rape of the masses saw this as "brain washing", a mixture of war-mongering chauvinism, misleading optimism, exaltation of the sacrifice of others and demonization of the enemy and so decided to react by founding a counter-propaganda newspaper.. through humour. On 10 September 1915, the editor Maurice Maréchal and artist Henri-Paul Deyvaux-Gassier, called H.-P. Gassier, published the first issue of Le Canard Enchaîné. Their first wish was to create a publication different from the others, independent of economic and political powers. In their view this meant systematic refusal of advertising, bank loans and outside investors: Le Canard would be clean because free, free because clean.

The name they gave to their newspaper is the result of a set of references and circumstances. The "canard" (duck) in French is a journalistic slang term meaning "news that is sometimes true, always exaggerated, often false" according to Gérard de Nerval and that commonly refers to a mistake, a voluntary hoax or an article written in advance. It was through self-derision and against the so-called "serious" press whose lies were sometimes worthy of the former "ducks" that Maréchal and Gassier took this name, as indicated in the presentation editorial on the front page of the first issue:

"Le Canard Enchaîné will take great liberty to only publish, after thorough checking, news that is strictly inaccurate. Everyone knows in fact that since the beginning of the war the French press has, without exception, only published relentlessly true news for its readers. Well the public have had enough! They wants false news... just for a change. They will get it."

From the beginning, it could be seen that Le Canard used a form of humour based on antiphrasis, litotes, feigned feelings. The purpose of the irony was to achieve greater efficiency: there is perhaps no stronger weapon than humour in French polemic debate and Maréchal, an assiduous reader of Voltaire, knew it well. To this was added the watchful eye of the censor, who prohibited excessively unorthodox opinions on the war. While La Vague by the pacifist Socialist Pierre Brizon was riddled with 'blanks' by the censors, and Clemenceau's L'Homme Libre was suspended for an excessively critical article about the poor hygiene on sanitary trains - he renamed it L’Homme Enchaîné (the chained man) in October 1914, which probably inspired the founders of Le Canard -, the small satirical newspaper, while often under pressure, escaped more than once from the vigilance of "Anastasie" - such was the nickname given to the censor - through its form of double-speak. In fact, as a reader claimed a few years later, there was more to read in one blank in Le Canard than in a year of Le Matin.

The first series in 1915 comprised five issues. Then it stopped. Its founders no doubt experienced difficulties in finding an audience. the artisan nature of the paper, a lack of organization and financial fragility did the rest and forced the two accomplices to interrupt the experiment. But they did not give up and on July 5, 1916, Le Canard reappeared and has continued ever since apart from the four years of the Occupation. The founders were still there but had gathered new writers around them, some of whom were to become famous in the years following the war: Henri Béraud, Paul Vaillant-Couturier, Roland Dorgelès made their debut at Le Canard, among other less famous journalists, Victor Snell, Georges de la Fouchardière, André Dahl, René Buzelin, Rodolphe Bringer on the writing side and Lucien Laforge, Jules Dépaquit, Bécan, Paul Bour and André Foy on the drawing side. Some, such as Gassier, left at the beginning of the 1920s; those who remained formed the backbone of Le Canard in the period between the wars. In addition to the stability of the teams, it is striking to see the longevity of some topics in the paper some of which are still present to this day either under their original title, as in "La Mare aux canards" on page 2, or in their original form "Les Livres". Over the years, the stability of the editorial framework became one of the hallmarks of Le Canard Enchaîné.

Le Canard was read everywhere in France right from the start. 40% of readers lived in Paris and surrounding region. the capital alone accounted for a quarter of the readers reported to the paper. The Parisian nature of the paper is well anchored. Soldiers, on the front, accounted for 20% of the total. Three regions in the provinces provided the bulk of the remaining readers: the Pays de la Loire; the Lyon region; Normandy. The delivery of paper to subscribers fighting on the front encountered serious difficulties. A reader who discovered Le Canard Enchaîné during World War I remembered that Le Canard was banned in the army zone" and that he thus received his paper in a "sealed envelope". Another reader - who claimed in 1962 to be the "oldest reader of Le Canard - remembered that his parents sent him issues that were "heavily censored and always hidden inside the local Rouen newspaper because at that time you weren't the kind of duck that was appreciated by army staff officers where I worked as a radio operator".

While there is no doubt that distribution of the paper on the front was closely monitored by the military authorities, it seems however that the outright ban on Le Canard Enchaîné had more to do with an initiative by some officers rather than a general across-the-board order. This is confirmed in a letter from another reader sent to the newspaper in October 1918:

"Some hidden sniper, with a sure hand / to save a few pennies / Keeps you on behalf of the Censors / By stealing from our soldiers on the Front".

The Le Canard Enchaîné was read by the soldiers for two reasons: escape from the "brain washing" and not be fooled by the leading newspapers; and keep informed about the gay Parisian life that echoed in the columns of the satirical weekly.

http://www.cheminsdememoire.gouv.fr/en/revue/1915-1916-two-births-canard-enchaine
_________________

"A grand canyon has opened up in our world, the fissure, the crack, grows wider every day. Neither on each side can hear a word that the other shrieks and nor do they want to."
-Stephen Fry on political correctness.
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2018 9:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Brief van admiraal Fisher van 9 en 10 september 1914
(Fisher. (London 1919), brief 2 van 9 en 10 september 1914, Foreseeing the submarine, p.173-188).

Unrestricted Submarine War - ‘The submarine is the coming type of war for seafighting’ en ‘Again the question arises as to what a submarine can do against a merchantship when she has found her. She can not capture the merchant ship; she has no spare hands to put a prize crew on board…Under these circumstances, it is presumed that the hostile submarine will discard such law and sink any vessel heading for a British commercial port and certainly those that are armed or carrying contraband? There is nothing else the submarine can do except sink her capture and it must therefore be admitted that (provided it is done and however how inhuman and barbarous it may appear) this submarine menace is a truly terrible one for British commerce and Great Britain a like, for no means can be suggested at present of meeting it except by reprisals. All that would be known would be that a certain ship and her crew had disappeared, or some of her boats would be picked up with a few survivors to tell the tale…but again if it is done by the Germans the only thing would be to make reprisals. The essence of war is violence, and moderation in war is imbecility’.

https://www.ssew.nl/bijlage-11-brief-admiraal-fisher-9-10-september-1914
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"A grand canyon has opened up in our world, the fissure, the crack, grows wider every day. Neither on each side can hear a word that the other shrieks and nor do they want to."
-Stephen Fry on political correctness.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2018 9:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

10 september 1914 | Nieuwsbericht | Oorlog in Alveringem

Florent Clarebout is op 1 november 1888 geboren in Oeren, nu een deelgemeente van Alveringem. De zoon van Pierre François en Sophie Tanghe is gehuwd met Zoë Decoene. Op 10 september 1914 komt hij om het leven tijdens de Slag van Kessel-Lo. Het slachtoffer wordt in Leuven begraven.

Ook zijn strijdmakker van het 7° Linieregiment, Camiel Valckaert, overleeft de gevechten niet. Camiel is op 22 november 1887 geboren in Leisele, een andere deelgemeente van Alveringem. De zoon van Hendrik Benoit en Eulalia Sophia Rooryck is gehuwd met Elisa Maria Boudeweele en komt aan de kost als hoeveknecht. Hij wordt in Kessel-Lo begraven, grafnummer 54.

Bijna 3 jaar later, op juni 1917 sneuvelt Firmin Valckaert, de jongere broer van Camiel, in Boezinge.

http://www.oorlogserfgoedalveringem.be/nl/10-september-1914
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"A grand canyon has opened up in our world, the fissure, the crack, grows wider every day. Neither on each side can hear a word that the other shrieks and nor do they want to."
-Stephen Fry on political correctness.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Sep 2018 9:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

New Zealand History - Eruption on White Island kills 10 people - 10 September 1914

Attempts were first made to mine sulfur on White Island around the beginning of the 20th century. On 10 September 1914, 10 miners were killed when part of the crater wall collapsed, causing a landslide.

The only survivor was the mining company’s cat, Peter the Great. Sulfur was used in the manufacture of sulphuric acid and superphosphate fertiliser.

White Island, in the Bay of Plenty 50 km from Whakatāne and Ōpōtiki, is New Zealand’s most active volcano. Known to Māori as Whakaari (‘to uplift or expose to view’), it is important to the local iwi, Ngāti Awa and Te Whakatōhea.

Sulfur mining on White Island recommenced in the late 1920s but proved uneconomic and ceased in the early 1930s. A total of 11,000 tonnes had been obtained. Today the island is a privately owned scenic reserve and tourism venture.

https://nzhistory.govt.nz/page/eruption-white-island-kills-10-people
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"A grand canyon has opened up in our world, the fissure, the crack, grows wider every day. Neither on each side can hear a word that the other shrieks and nor do they want to."
-Stephen Fry on political correctness.
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