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25 september

 
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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2006 23:19    Onderwerp: 25 september Reageer met quote

Englisch-französische Offensive auf der ganzen Front
Großes Hauptquartier, 25. September.

Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Auf der ganzen Front vom Meere bis an die Vogesen nahm das feindliche Feuer an Stärke zu und steigerte sich östlich von Ypern, zwischen dem Kanal von La Bassée und Arras sowie in der Champagne von Prosnes bis zu den Argonnen zu äußerster Heftigkeit. Die nach der zum Teil fünfzigstündigen stärksten Feuervorbereitung erwarteten Angriffe haben begonnen. Zwischen den Bahnen von Ypern und Roulers und nach Comines stießen die Engländer heute früh vor. Ihr Angriff ist auf dem Nordflügel erst nach Nahkampf vor und in unserer Stellung bereits abgeschlagen. Ferner greifen sie nordöstlich und südöstlich von Armentières und nördlich des Kanals von La Bassée an; sie versuchen dabei die Benutzung von Gasen und Stinkbomben.
Am 23. September abends drangen, wie nachträglich bekannt geworden ist, die Franzosen in unsere zerschossenen Gräben bei Souchez ein. Sie wurden sofort wieder hinausgeworfen. Gestern wurden sie abermals bei Souchez und beiderseits von Neuville zurückgeschlagen.
In der Champagne, von Prosnes bis zu den Argonnen, erfolgten französische Angriffe, die an den meisten Stellen abgewiesen wurden. Zum Teil wurden sie bereits durch unsere starke Artillerie zum Scheitern gebracht, zum Teil brachen sie erst wenige Schritte vor unseren Hindernissen im Feuer unserer Infanterie und Maschinengewehre zusammen. Die zurückflutenden feindlichen Massen erlitten im heftigsten Artillerie- und Maschinengewehrfeuer sehr erhebliche Verluste. An einzelnen Punkten der Front ist der Nahkampf noch im Gange. Ein schwacher französischer Vorstoß auf Bezange-la-Grande (nördlich von Luneville) hatte keinen Erfolg.

Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls v. Hindenburg:
Russische Angriffe südwestlich von Lennewaden sowie bei Wilejka und Rabun wurden abgeschlagen. Unsere Angriffe in der Front südlich von Soly werden fortgesetzt. Die Russen setzen unserem Vordringen in der allgemeinen Linie Smorgon-Wischnew- westlich von Saberesina-Djeljatitschi (an der Einmündung der Beresina in den Njemen) noch Widerstand entgegen. Bei Friedrichstadt schoß ein deutscher Flieger ein russisches Flugzeug herunter.
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls Prinz Leopold von Bayern:
Nördlich von Korelitschi wehren sich die Russen hartnäckig; unsere Truppen stürmten die Stadt Negniewitschi (nördlich von Nowo-Grodek) und schlugen mehrere starke Gegenangriffe ab.
Östlich und südöstlich von Baranowitschi ist unser Angriff auf dem Westufer der Szczara im Vorschreiten. Es wurden einige hundert Gefangene gemacht. Westlich Medwjeditschi und südlich bis Lipsk ist die Szczara erreicht.
Heeresgruppe des Generalfeldmarschalls v. Mackensen:
Auf dem südöstlichen Kriegsschauplatz ist die Lage unverändert.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)


U-Boot-Beute im Monat August: 420000 Tonnen - Rund 19220000 Tonnen seit Kriegsbeginn
Berlin, 25. September. (Amtlich.)
Im Monat August haben die Mittelmächte rund 420000 Brutto-Registertonnen des für unsere Feinde nutzbaren Handelsschiffsraums vernichtet. Der dem Feinde zur Verfügung stehende Handelsschiffsraum ist somit allein durch kriegerische Maßnahmen der Mittelmächte seit Kriegsbeginn um rund 19220000 Brutto-Registertonnen verringert worden. Hiervon sind etwa 11920000 Brutto-Registertonnen Verluste der englischen Handelsflotte.
Nach inzwischen gemachten Feststellungen sind, soweit bisher bekannt, im Monat Juli außer den seinerzeit schon bekanntgegebenen Verlusten der feindlichen oder im Dienste unserer Gegner fahrenden Handelsschiffe noch weitere Schiffe von zusammen etwa 40000 Brutto-Registertonnen durch kriegerische Maßnahmen schwer beschädigt in feindliche Häfen eingebracht.

Der Chef des Admiralstabes der Marine


Feindliche Flieger über Essen
Essen, 25. September.
Das Generalkommando in Münster teilt mit:
Am Sonntag, den 24. dieses Monats, gegen 3 Uhr nachmittags erschienen mehrere feindliche Flieger über einem der Vororte von Essen. Innerhalb einer Minute wurden inmitten der Stadt mehrere kleine Bomben abgeworfen, von denen die meisten keinen Schaden anrichteten. Brände sind nirgends entstanden; dagegen sind leider durch eine Bombe mehrere spielende Kinder verletzt worden. Nach dem aus sehr großer Höhe erfolgten Abwurf entschwanden die Flieger in einer Wolkenschicht. 1

www.stahlgewitter.com
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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 25 Sep 2006 6:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1915 : The Battle of Loos begins

On September 25, 1915, following a four-day artillery bombardment along a six-and-a-half-mile front, British forces launch an attack on German positions at Loos, Belgium, beginning the Battle of Loos.


The British attack at Loos, led by Sir Douglas Haig, commander of the 1st Army of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), comprised half of a simultaneous Allied offensive begun in two separate regions: as the British proceeded at Loos, the French attacked the German lines at Champagne and at Vimy Ridge in the Arras region of France. Aimed at relieving Russian distress on the Eastern Front by diverting German resources, the ambitious joint offensive counted on superior numbers—including a 3-1 ratio of French to Germans at Champagne—to overpower the enemy. The French commander in chief, General Joseph Joffre, later calculated that 54 French and 13 British divisions went into action along a total front of 90 kilometers.


Despite Allied numerical superiority, the Germans were able to successfully defend their positions against both the British and the French, aided by a second line of trenches and weapons they had constructed five to six miles behind the front lines, shielded from the enemy artillery and out of range of observation. Joffre, for one, tried to justify the offensive’s lack of progress, proclaiming that "We shall kill more of the enemy than he can kill of us." This rationale of attrition would be invoked often throughout the rest of the war, on both sides of the lines. In this case, however, German casualties during the offensive totaled only 60,000, while combined Allied casualties reached a quarter of a million.


At Loos, the British employed poisonous gas for the first time in the war, releasing some 150 tons of chlorine from over 5,000 gas cylinders across no-man’s land. The gas failed, however, to reach the German trenches and inflict any significant damage. By the time the attacks were called off, death tolls at Loos exceeded those of any previous battle: of the nearly 10,000 British soldiers who attacked, 385 officers and 7,861 enlisted men were killed. Haig blamed the BEF’s commander in chief, Sir John French, for failing to commit reserve troops in time to aid the 1st Army at Loos. Invoking this failure, and using his influence with King George V, Haig managed to get French recalled and himself elevated to the position of commander in chief in December 1915.


http://www.history.com/
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Fritz Kempf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 25 Sep 2009 11:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Emiel @ 25 Sep 2006 7:41 schreef:
1915 : The Battle of Loos begins

On September 25, 1915.... KNIP ......uence with King George V, Haig managed to get French recalled and himself elevated to the position of commander in chief in December 1915.


http://www.history.com/


Uitbreken van de Herfstslag bij La Bassée

De Herfstslag bij La Bassée, ook Slag bij Loos genoemd, was een onderdeel van een groter offensief van de Fransen en de Engelsen in de regio Loos-Artois in de herfst van 1915 (ook wel aangeduid als "Tweede Slag om Artois").

De veldtocht in Artois was het belangrijkste geallieerde offensief aan het westelijke front in 1915.

Meer over het artikel vind je hier.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 25 Sep 2009 11:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Uitbreken van de Eerste Slag bij Albert
De Eerste Slag bij Albert (stad aan de Ancre in Noordwest-Frankrijk met in 1901 7.015 inwoners), die in de nasleep van de Slag aan de Marne en de Eerste Slag aan de Aisne van 25 en 29 september 1914 tussen Franse en Duitse troepen werd uitgevochten, was een onderdeel van de zogeheten "wedloop naar de zee". Toen het beide partijen duidelijk werd dat een doorbraak er vooreerst niet inzat en zowel het Franse Plan XVII als het Duitse Schlieffenplan opzichtig had gefaald, probeerden ze elkaar voorbij te streven met een opmars in noordelijke richting. De Franse opperbevelhebber.......

Meer over het artikel vind je hier.
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 20:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

'Als de steenen spreken!', Louis Raemaekers, De Telegraaf, 25 september 1914.

In deze tekening worden de Duitsers verantwoordelijk gesteld voor de verwoesting van de kathedraal van Reims. De ondertitel spreekt boekdelen: de heiligen van de kathedraal van Reims wijzen beschuldigend op een Duitse soldaat die verantwoordelijk wordt gehouden voor de verwoesting: 'deze was 't die ons schond!' De prent wordt door de militaire overheid in beslag genomen. Ondanks de Nederlandse neutraliteit in de Eerste Wereldoorlog neemt De Telegraaf een felle anti-Duitse houding aan en in Duitse commentaren wordt dan ook schande gesproken van de 'lastercampagne' van De Telegraaf.

http://www.iisg.nl/exhibitions/censorship/c12-465-nl.php
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 20:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Albert, 25-29 September 1914

The battle of Albert, 25-29 September 1914, was part of the Race to the Sea. It was a clash between the French Second Army (de Castelnau) and the German Sixth (Crown Prince Rupprecht), towards the end of the wider first battle of Picardy (22-26 September). That battle ended on 26 September with a day that saw fighting along the entire front from the Oise to the Somme (just south of Albert). The Germans had made limited progress, capturing Noyon and Lassigny on the previous day and were making a determined effort to capture Roye, further to the south.

The focus of the fighting during the Race to the Sea was continuously moving to the north. Both sides now hoped to turn their opponent’s flanks around Albert, north of the Somme. While the French attempted to continue the move to the north and Arras, the Germans attempted to attack at Albert.

Even as the Germans attacked at Albert, and the French attempted to outflank them, German troops were reaching Bapaume, and were threatening to cut off the French troops around Arras.

Heavy fighting continued around Albert until 29 September, with the Germans attempting to capture the town and the French holding off every attack. Finally, on 28 September Falkenhayn ordered Prince Rupprecht to move further north, to attack Arras (First battle of Artois). The front line would run just to the east of Albert until 1917, and the area between Albert and Bapaume would become part of the Somme battlefield in 1916.

Rickard, J (15 September 2007), Battle of Albert, 25-29 September 1914 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_albert1914.html
Zie ook http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/albert1.htm
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 24 Sep 2010 20:51, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 20:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Swedish general election, September 1914

A Swedish general election was held on 25 September 1914 to allocate the seats of the lower house of the Swedish Riksdag. Another election had been held in March of the same year, this being the first and only time in Swedish history that two parliamentary elections have occurred in the same year.

66.2% of eligible voters participated in this election. Women were not eligible to vote at this time, and would not gain the right to vote until 1921.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swedish_general_election,_September_1914
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 20:54    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Craven Herald, 25 September 1914

SKIPTON OFFICER KILLED - MAJOR M. E. COOKSON

The casualty list, published on Friday night by the War Office, included the name of Major M. E. Cookson of the Royal Sussex Regiment, who was amongst the missing.

Major Cookson is a son of the late Major Cookson of Skipton, who for many years was adjutant of the 3rd Duke of Wellington's (West Riding) Regiment in the early days of the movement. The Cookson family is well known in this district, the youngest sister of the missing Major being the late Lady Holden, who previous to her marriage resided with her sister at Gargrave.

Major Cookson-familiarly known to many Skiptonians as Mostyn Cookson-received the early part of his education at the Skipton Grammar School, and it was hoped that it might prove that he had only become detached from his regiment. On Wednesday morning, however, the official intimation was given that Major Cookson was amongst the officers killed in action on September 14th. He is 46 years of age and married.

http://www.cpgw.org.uk/craven_herald_articles.cfm?sID=076-02
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 21:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1914)

25 september 1914 - “Het college van Burgemeester en Schepenen van Baarle-Hertog maakt bekend dat de octoberkermis niet plaats heeft en dientengevolge alle feestelijkheden streng verboden zijn. Tevens wordt herinnerd aan herbergiers dat het verbod aangaande het verkoopen van sterke dranken aan militairen nauwkeurig moet nageleefd worden en de herbergen des avonds te 9 uren moeten gesloten zijn. (Gemeentearchief Baarle-Hertog; vergaderingen van het schepencollege, 1914)

25 september 1914 - In Baarle-Hertog overleed de eerste vluchtelinge in onze regio. In een woning aan de Molenstraat waar de familie tijdelijk onderdak genoot (A83, woonhuis van schildersbaas Willem Ambroos Van Hecke en winkelierster Maria Catharina Van Hal), stierf de 67-jarige Anna Maria Bartholomeus uit Vorselaar. Het overlijden werd op het ge­meentehuis aangegeven door haar 70-jarige echtgenoot Stanislas Van Roey en haar zoon Ernest Jozef van Roey, vicaris-gene­raal te Mechelen en later kardinaal. De familie Van Roeij had na de beschieting van het bisschoppelijk paleis het zekere voor het onzekere genomen en was naar de relatie­ve veiligheid van het neutrale Nederland gevlucht. Onderweg echter strandde E.H. Van Roey in Baarle, waar zijn moeder aan een hart­stilstand bezweek. (onuitgegeven kroniek van Jan Huijbrechts) Er werd hem een vrijgeleidebrief voor het lijk overhandigd zodat zijn moeder in Vorselaar kon worden begraven. (Gemeentearchief Baarle-Hertog; 2.073.564 Register van Briefwisseling)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=187:05-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1914&catid=90:oorlog&Itemid=118
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 21:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kämpfe bei Verdun (22. bis 25. September 1914)

Durch die für Franzosen unerwartet erfolgreiche Schlacht an der Marne hatten sie die Verbindung zur Festung Verdun aufrechterhalten können. Die gut gesicherte Festung bedrohte die deutschen Nachschublinien und war wichtigster Eckpfeiler der französischen Frontlinie. Mitte September 1914 rückten mehrere deutsche Armeekorps von der Linie Varenne-Montsauçon aus gegen Verdun vor und versuchten, die Festungsanlage im Halbbogen einzukreisen, um sie von der Frontlinie der Entente abzuschneiden. Der Angriff scheiterte jedoch an den starken Verteidigungslinien auf den Höhenzügen um Verdun und in den Argonnen. Die Kämpfe verlagerten sich anschließend in das Gebiet zwischen Maas und Mosel. Auf den Maashöhen brachten die Mittelmächte ihre schwere Artillerie in Stellung und beschossen die Verteidigungsforts rund um Verdun. Nach 30stündigem Artilleriefeuer begannen deutsche Infanterieeinheiten am 24. September mit dem Angriff auf das Fort Camp de Romains. Ein französischer Gegenstoß sollte das Fort entsetzen, doch den Deutschen gelang die Eroberung der äußeren Bollwerke. Nach heftigem Widerstand der Besatzung konnte das vorgelagerte Fort am 25. September 1914 zwar komplett von den Deutschen eingenommen werden, aber eine Eroberung der gesamten Festungsanlage von Verdun war aussichtslos.

http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/wk1/kriegsverlauf/verdunkampf/index.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 21:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Daily Events, September 1914

September 25, 1914

West Africa - French Army takes the town of Kousseri in the north of Kamerun

South Pacific - German naval squadron under Admiral Graf von Spee sails for the South Atlantic after attacking Papeete in Tahiti on September 22.

Japanese naval forces mop up German naval bases in the Caroline and Marshall Islands. The Australians and New Zealanders view this as Japanese expansionism.

http://greatwarforum.proboards.com/index.cgi?board=majorbattles&action=print&thread=627
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 21:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Loos, 25 September-14 October 1915

The Battle of Loos was part of the wider Third Battle of Artois, itself part of a wider Allied attack on the German lines in the autumn of 1915 (First World War). 25 September saw the start of the Second Battle of Champagne, while in Artois the French attacked Vimy Ridge.

The British attack was to be launched by six divisions from Douglas Haig’s First Army (three regular – the 1st, 2nd and 7th, two from the New Army – the 9th and 15th Scottish divisions and the 47th Territorial). Two reserve divisions – the 21st and 24th were in the vicinity, but Sir John French refused to release them to Haig’s command before the battle, and on 25 September the reserves were six miles from the battlefield. The attack was preceded by a four day bombardment and would see the first use of poisoned gas by the British.

The Chlorine gas would be a great disappointment. It was released at 5.50 am, giving it forty minutes to do its work before the infantry attacked at 6.30. However, much of the gas either lingered in no mans land or drifted back over the British lines.

Despite this setback, the first British assault was a success. The German front line was breached, with the New Army divisions performing well. North of Loos the strong Hohenzollern redoubt fell to the 9th Division, while further south the village of Loos was captured. Early on the morning of 25 September Haig asked for the reserves to be sent in. French agreed, and ordered the two reserve divisions to join the attack.

Haig needed the reserves because of the nature of the German lines. Having decided to stay on the defensive in the west, and concentrate on winning the war in the East, the Germans had begun to dig in in earnest. Part of this preparation involved the creation of an entire second line of fortifications, running as far as three miles behind the first line. This gap made it very unlikely that any Allied attack could break through both German lines, and allowed the Germans to launch their own counterattacks once the Allied assaults ran out of energy.

By the end of 25 September the British had advanced to within a thousand yards of the German second line to the north of Loos. The reserve divisions were needed to attack this intact second line of defences. However, poor communications and poor planning, partly by French and partly by Haig, meant that the reserves didn’t reach the original British lines until the end of 25 September. The next afternoon the 21st and 24th Divisions launched an attack in ten columns across the open ground in front of the German second line. Largely unaffected by the four day bombardment, the barbed wire in front of this second line was intact. The British advanced to the wire, taking horrific casualties all the time, and were then forced to retreat. The battle had been so one sided that many Germans stopped firing during the British retreat. By the end of the battle the 21st and 24th Divisions had lost 8,000 of their 15,000 infantry killed or wounded. This part of the fighting became known as the "corpse ground of Loos".

The battle continued for another three weeks. When the fighting finally died down, the British front line stood close to the line reached at the end of the first day, although the Germans had recaptured the Hohenzollern Redoubt. British losses at Loos were close to 50,000, with 16,000 dead and 25,000 wounded. Estimates of German casualty figures vary, but the most common figure is for a total of 25,000 losses, half the British figure. The autumn battles of 1915 all ended in a similar tale of Allied failure and heavy losses.

Sir John French was a casualty of the battle. The confusion over the reserves combined with a determined campaign by Douglas Haig resulted in his removal as commander of the BEF. On 16 December Douglas Haig was appointed to command the BEF, a post he would hold for the rest of the war.

Rickard, J (16 August 2007), Battle of Loos, 25 September-14 October 1915 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_loos.html
Zie ook http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/loos.htm
Maps of the Loos Battlefield: http://battlefields1418.50megs.com/loos_maps.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 21:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

British infantry advancing at Loos 25 September 1915

Description British infantry from the 47th (1/2nd London) Division advancing into a gas cloud during the Battle of Loos
Date 25 September 1915

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:British_infantry_advancing_at_Loos_25_September_1915.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 21:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Second Battle of Champagne, 25 September-6 November 1915

The Second Battle of Champagne, 25 September-6 November 1915, was part of a wider Allied offensive launched in the autumn of 1915 (First World War). At the end of 1914 the active part of the German front line in France took the form of a giant salient, running south from the coast of Belgium to the Somme, and then turning east, running through the Champagne region to Verdun. South of Verdun the line was largely inactive. The Allied plans for 1915 called for attacks on the flanks of the German salient, in Artois and Champagne. The spring offensive had ended in failure (Second Battle of Artois), but that had not discouraged General Joffre, the French Command in Chief.

In June 1915 the Allies had met in the first inter-allied conference of the war. Britain, France, Belgium, Russian, Italy and Serbia had been represented, and all had agreed to coordinate their attacks. Circumstances intervened to prevent this from happening. The Battle of Gorlice-Tarnow (2 May-27 June 1915) broke the Russian front and forced a dramatic retreat out of occupied Poland. It was followed by a combined Austrian-German-Bulgarian invasion of Serbia in October 1915, the threat of which prevented any earlier Serbian offensives. Finally, the Italians launched the first of the eleven Battles of the Isonzo (23 June-7 July), without achieving anything. By the end of the year Second, Third and Fourth Isonzo would have repeated the failure.

This only left the British and French offensive on the Western Front. Initially it had been hoped to launch this attack in late August, but it took much longer than expected to build up sufficient supplies in Champagne to support a major offensive. Preparations included the construction of a new light railway line into the rear area. The attack was delayed, first to 8 September and then finally to 25 September.

This gave the Germans time to increase the strength of their defences. A new second line of defences was constructed, running three miles behind the first line. This alone would have made it almost impossible to achieve a breakthrough in a single day. Concrete machine gun posts were built between the two lines. The rear lines were normally built on the reverse slopes of any available high ground, making it much harder for the Allied artillery to bombard the German second line.

The attack was to be launched by German Pétain’s Second Army and General de Langle de Cary’s Fourth Army, under the overall command of General Castelnau. The attack was preceded by a length bombardment. Chlorine Gas was then released immediately before the infantry assault. On the morning of 25 September the attack went in (on the same day the attacks began in the Third Battle of Artois and at Loos).

As at Loos the initial assault went well. The German front line was overrun in several places, and French troops advanced towards the second line. That second line was almost entirely intact, and the French attack bogged down while the Germans rushed reinforcements to the area.

French assaults continued until the end of September. After a brief break they began again on 6 October, but without success. At the end of October the Germans launched a limited counterattack that recovered much of the ground they had lost on 25 September. By the time the battle was officially abandoned on 6 November, the French had lost 143,567 men. In some places they had advanced two and a half miles, but at no point had they captured the German second line of defences. German casualties were much lower, perhaps around 85,000 men, of whom 25,000 had been captured by the French. The battles in Artois and at Loos also ended in costly failure.

Rickard, J (16 August 2007), Second Battle of Champagne, 25 September-6 November 1915 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_champagneII.html
Zie ook http://www.worldwar1.com/france/champ1.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 21:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

George Peachment

George Stanley Peachment VC (5 May 1897 - 25 September 1915) was an English Private in the 2nd Battalion, The King's Royal Rifle Corps, British Army during World War I. He was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Before he joined up, Peachment was an apprentice steam engine maker in Bury, Lancashire.

At the Battle of Loos, on 25 September 1915 near Hulloch, France, during very heavy fighting, when the front line was compelled to retire in order to reorganise, Private Peachment saw his company commander lying wounded and crawled to help him. The enemy fire was intense but although there was a shell-hole quite close in which a few men had taken cover, Private Peachment never thought of saving himself. He knelt in the open by his officer and tried to help him, but while doing so was first wounded by a bomb and a minute later mortally wounded by a rifle bullet.

His medal is held in the Lord Ashcroft VC Collection.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Stanley_Peachment

The citation for Rifleman Peachment:

An extract from "The London Gazette", dated 18th Nov., 1915, records the following:-"For most conspicuous bravery near Hulluch on 25th Sept., 1915. During very heavy fighting, when our front line was compelled to retire in order to re-organise, Pte. Peachment, seeing his Company Commander, Captain Dubs, lying wounded, crawled to assist him. The enemy's fire was intense, but, though there was a shell hole quite close, in which a few men had taken cover, Pte. Peachment never thought of saving himself. He knelt in the open by his Officer and tried to help him, but while doing this he was first wounded by a bomb and a minute later mortally wounded by a rifle bullet. He was one of the youngest men in his battalion and gave this splendid example of courage and self-sacrifice."

http://www.ww1cemeteries.com/In%20memory/miscellaneous/george_peachment.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Second Attack on Bellewaarde

On the 25th of September 1915, the 1/4th Battalion (TF) Gordon Highlanders participated in their second major action. Known as the Second Attack on Bellewaarde this action took place at the same time as the major offensive at Loos. The operational orders for the day are included below.

Leesvoer! http://www.4thgordons.com/2bellewaarde.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

'Third Battle of Artois', France, World War I, 25 September 1915, (1929).

A bayonet charge against a German trench. The Third Battle of Artois was a joint British and French operation designed to dovetail with the French offensive in Champagne (Second Battle of Champagne). The attack was a failure, with the allies suffering 98,000 casualties, five times the losses sustained by the Germans.

http://www.heritage-images.com/Preview/PreviewPage.aspx?id=1344856&pricing=true&licenseType=RM
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Hohenzollern Redoubt 1915

This was a heavily fortified position in the German lines, and one of the keys to the Loos battlefield. Beyond was The Dump and Fosse 8. It was attacked by units of the 9th (Scottish) Division on 25th September 1915, who were all but wiped out here.

http://battlefields1418.50megs.com/hohenzollern.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

British Mark I male tank, Somme, 25 September 1916

Beschrijving An early model British Mark I "male" tank, named C-15, near Thiepval, 25 September 1916. The tank is probably in reserve for the Battle of Thiepval Ridge which began on 26 September. The tank is fitted with the wire "grenade shield" and steering tail, both features discarded in the next models.
Datum 25 september 1916

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bestand:British_Mark_I_male_tank_Somme_25_September_1916.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sheffield's First Air Raid - 25th September 1916

The raid occurred on the night of Monday 25th September 1916 when a single Zeppelin dropped 36 bombs in a line between Burngreave and through Attercliffe to Darnall. The Zeppelin in question was a German Naval Zeppelin L22 that was under the command of Kapitanleutnant Martin Dietrich.

Lees verder op http://www.chrishobbs.com/sheffieldsfirstraid1916.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

British infantry, Morval, 25 September 1916

British infantry advancing in support during the Battle of Morval, 25 September 1916, part of the Battle of the Somme. The site is near Ginchy so the troops belong to the British XIV Corps, possibly the British 5th Division.
Author : Photograph by Lt. Ernest Brooks
Date : 25-28 September 1916

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:British_infantry_Morval_25_September_1916.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Thomas Alfred Jones

Thomas Alfred Jones VC DCM (25 December 1880 – 30 January 1956) of Runcorn, Cheshire, was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Born in Runcorn 25 December 1880, Jones was a private in the 1st Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment, British Army during the First World War. He was known affectionately locally as 'Todger' Jones.

Private Jones was with his company covering the advance in front of a village, when he noticed an enemy sniper 200 yards (200 m) away. He went out and, although one bullet went through his helmet and another through his coat, he returned the sniper's fire and killed him. He then saw two more Germans firing on him although they were displaying a white flag. Both these he shot. On reaching the enemy trench he found several occupied dug-outs and single-handed disarmed 102 of the enemy, including three or four officers, and took them prisoner.

Jones' Victoria Cross is displayed at the Cheshire Military Museum in Chester, England.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Alfred_Jones
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Morval, 25-28 September 1916

The battle of Morval, 25-28 September 1916, was a continuation of the battle of Flers-Courcelette (15-23 September), designed to capture those objectives of the earlier battle that had not been secured during the successful advances on its first two days.

It was carried out by the Fourth Army (Rawlinson), and involved XIV Corps, which attacked east towards Morval and Lesboeufs, and XV Corps, which attacked north towards Gueudecourt.

The XIV corps attack was a success. Backed up by a well timed creeping barrage, four divisions advanced into the two villages, despite encountering patches of uncut wire. By 5.30 headquarters knew that the villages had been captured.

The XV corps attack on Gueudecourt was not so successful. The 21st Division (Major-General D. G. M. Campbell) was meant to take the village, but one brigade got stuck in front of uncut wire and another was hit by machinegun fire from the side and forced to pull back. To their left the 55th Division and the 1st New Zealand Brigade did better, reaching their final objectives by mid-afternoon.

On 26 September the attack on Gueudecourt was renewed. It was reconnoitred by a squadron of cavalry from the Sialkot Cavalry Brigade, and then occupied by troops from the Leicestershire regiment at about 4.30pm.

On the same day it was discovered that the Germans had abandoned Combles, at the junction between the British and French armies. Both sent parties into the village early in the day. A new front line was created north of the village, improving the links between the two armies.

Rickard, J (21 September 2007), Battle of Morval, 25-28 September 1916 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_morval.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Second Lieutenant Innes Meo, diary entry (25th September, 1916)

My 30th birthday, an awful day. Still in the trenches. In the afternoon I was called to see the doctor. It is possible if I live I may be invalided home. This night I was sent on an ammunition job. Conducting a party of 50 bombers to stores. It was hell! I was already tired and ill.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWmeo.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Pershing, General of the Armies of the United States John Joseph. (1860-1948).

Pershing was promoted Major General on 25 September 1916, and General on 6 October 1917. In that year, Pershing was assigned as Commander, American Expeditionary Force, France, later to be promoted General of the Armies of the United States on 3 September 1919.

http://www.gwpda.org/bio/p/pershing.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1917)

25 september 1917 - Burgemeester van Gilse bekwam zes dagen bijzonder verlof voor Johannes Antonius Kooremans, Nederlands soldaat in Zeist. (Gemeentearchief Baarle-Hertog; 2.073.564 Register van Briefwisseling)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=190&Itemid=47
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Pompey Elliott

Harold Edward Elliott (1878-1931) served as a brilliant if mercurial Australian military commander during World War One. Ultimately frustrated in his military ambitions he ended his life by committing suicide in 1931. (...)

In March 1917, operating under General Sir Hugh Gough's British Fifth Army, Elliott was appointed to command of an all-arms brigade group. Embracing his new command with zest the formidable Elliott made use of varying tactics, including single and double envelopment (the latter of which C.B. White was on record as condemning). Within short order Elliott was himself awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his work within his new command.

However it was at Polygon Wood on 25 September 1917 that Elliott's wartime career reached its peak. He worked tirelessly through the two days of the Allied attack, and saved the situation through brilliant troop deployments when German counter-attacks threatened the Allied advance. (...)

http://www.firstworldwar.com/bio/elliott.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Biography of Lieutenant Marcus Broadfoot Clark

Marcus Broadfoot Clark was the youngest son of Mr and Mrs Allan Clark, Violet Villa, Cathcart, and late of Severn Villa, Innellan. A native of Dennistoun, Glasgow, he attended Hillhead High School from 1901 to 1905, and Glasgow High School from 1905 to 1911.

On leaving School he entered Glasgow University as a student of medicine. Both at Hillhead and Glasgow High School he was an enthusiastic member of the Cadet Corps, and soon after entering the University he joined the OTC.

Though he might have sheltered behind his medical studies, now well advanced, he put his country’s needs before all personal considerations, and by the close of 1914 he was gazetted 2nd Lieutenant in the 11th Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, but was later transferred to the 1st, one of the most famous units of the old Army.

He was present with them at the Battle of Loos when they penetrated far into enemy lines, but had to withdraw through the lack of support. Invalided home, he acted for some time as Adjutant to the 16th and 17th Cameronians at Hamilton.

On proceeding again to France he was attached to the 2nd Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, and it was while with them in command of a company in an attack on Polygon Wood that he was killed on 25th September 1917. Captain Clark’s company held their position for two days, though suurounded by the enemy, and received the special thanks of Sir Douglas Haig for their gallantry and tenacity. Captain Clark was not only a gallant soldier, but looked the part, and was just the one to lead a forlorn hope or hold to the death a vital position.

http://www.universitystory.gla.ac.uk/ww1-biography/?id=2200
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Somewhere in France - an article based on a collection of letters

Between 10 and 25 September 1918, the division participated in the occupation of the Verdun Fromereville Sector (Lorraine), where they supported the 33rd Division. We have no correspondence from Edwin at this time, but in browsing through the Center of Military History's Web site, I ran across a listing of Medal of Honor recipients for World War I. I checked for honorees from the 27th Division and found seven men from Edwin's division that were honored. All seven citations were issued for events that took place on either 27 September 1918 or 29 September 1918, near Ronssoy or Le Catelet. It's obvious that Edwin and his comrades were involved in some serious fighting at the time, and this probably accounts for the lack of correspondence.

From 24 September 1918 to 21 October 1918, the division participated in the Somme Offensive Operation. After a long dry spell, we hear from Edwin again on 4 October 1918. Though he tries to keep his tone upbeat, sadness seems to creep into this letter, and it occurs to me that he must have seen and experienced some horrible things at this point. "You ask me, how do I like the French girls? Why I haven't seen one that could even be compared with an American girl. Of course I haven't forgotten Kathleen." He signs off the letter with "xxxx Soldier's kisses (Barbed wire)."

http://learn.ancestry.com/LearnMore/Article.aspx?id=1364
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

When and where did the word POSH start being used and what does it mean ?

The origin of the word is obscure. The first recorded use of the word was in the British satirical magazine Punch on 25 September 1918, although an earlier possible reference uses the word push. The OED records a definition of the word as a noun from 1890, meaning "a dandy".

A popular but false etymology states the expression originated from the phrase "Port Out, Starboard Home", which, before air-conditioning, were allegedly the most desirable cabin locations on ships travelling to and from British colonies in the Far East because they were shaded from the sun in both directions. However, extensive searching of shipping company records and tickets from that period has failed to reveal any evidence for explicit "Port Out, Starboard Home" reservations.

The prevalence of this false etymology is somewhat encouraged by a song in the musical version of Chitty Chitty Bang Bang. The song P.O.S.H. includes the lyrics:

"Whenever I'm bored I travel abroad but ever so properly,
"Port out, starboard home, posh with a capital Pnou hoor...S-H, posh."


http://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20060925082532AApSJEq
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BerichtGeplaatst: 24 Sep 2010 22:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

WOODROW WILSON, "THE PUEBLO SPEECH" (25 SEPTEMBER 1919)

Woodrow Wilson's Western tour was one of the most
ambitious and controversial speaking tours in the history of
American politics: a grueling 8,000‐mile, twenty‐two‐day tour on
behalf of the Versailles treaty and the League of Nations. This
analysis shows how, over the course of the tour, Wilson abandoned
his neo‐classical principles of oratorical statesmanship and
increasingly resorted to the demagogic techniques of the modern,
"rhetorical presidency," most notably in his last speech in Pueblo,
Colorado.

Lees verder op http://www.voicesofdemocracy.umd.edu/documents/Hogan-Wilson.pdf
Zie ook http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/League_of_Nations_Address
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BerichtGeplaatst: 25 Sep 2017 10:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

This Day in Aviation: Important Dates in Aviation History - 25 September 1918

The President of the United States
in the name of The Congress
takes pleasure in presenting the

Medal of Honor

to

EDWARD V. RICKENBACKER

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 94th Aero Squadron, Air Service.

Place and date: Near Billy, France, 25 September 1918.

Entered service at: Columbus, Ohio. Born: 8 October 1890, Columbus, Ohio.

G.O. No.: 2, W.D., 1931.

Citation:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy near Billy, France, 25 September 1918. While on a voluntary patrol over the lines, 1st Lt. Rickenbacker attacked seven enemy planes (five type Fokker, protecting two type Halberstadt). Disregarding the odds against him, he dived on them and shot down one of the Fokkers out of control. He then attacked one of the Halberstadts and sent it down also.

Lees verder op https://www.thisdayinaviation.com/25-september-1918/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 25 Sep 2017 10:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Alveringem in de Groote Oorlog

25 SEPTEMBER 1918 - Alphonse Vanlerberghe is op 14 december 1897 geboren in Nieuwkapelle, nu een deelgemeente van Diksmuide. De ongehuwde zoon van Camille en Emilie Bentein verdient de kost als landbouwer. Hij is 1,69 meter groot en heeft zwart haar. Op 10 juli 1916 treedt hij als milicien in dienst van het Belgisch leger. Na zijn opleiding vervoegt hij op 28 december 1916 de 5° Compagnie van het 4° Linieregiment. Later gaat hij over naar de artillerie.
Op 23 september 1918 krijgt hij in Merkem, op nauwelijks 8 km van zijn geboortedorp, een mitrailleurkogel in de linkerbil. De kogel gaat dwars door zijn buik. Hij wordt met ernstige verwondingen en diep in shock geëvacueerd naar het Belgisch militair hospitaal van Hoogstade, dat gevestigd is in het Gasthuis Clep. Hij overlijdt daar op 25 september 1918 om 8.30 uur 's morgens. Het slachtoffer wordt op 27 september 1918 begraven op de Belgische militaire begraafplaats van Hoogstade, grafnummer 259.

http://www.oorlogserfgoedalveringem.be/nl/25-september-1918

25 SEPTEMBER 1915 - Hieronymus (Jeroom) Demey is op 16 oktober 1893 geboren in Sint-Jacobskapelle, nu een deelgemeente van Diksmuide. Hij treedt in 1913 als milicien in dienst van het Belgisch leger. Op 25 september 1915 wordt hij in Noordschote gedood door obusscherven in het hoofd en in de dij.
Het slachtoffer wordt begraven op de militaire begraafplaats op de Molenhoek in Reninge. Deze begraafplaats is in 1968 ontruimd en het stoffelijk overschot van Hieronymus Demey wordt herbegraven op de Belgische militaire begraafplaats van Hoogstade, grafnummer 284.
Hoewel Pollinkhove wordt opgegeven als officiële woonplaats staat het slachtoffer vermeld op het oorlogsgedenkteken in Alveringem.

http://www.oorlogserfgoedalveringem.be/nl/25-september-1915
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 25 Sep 2017 10:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

German and American combined daily order of battle, 25 September, 1918 [to] 11 November, 1918 including the Meuse-Argonne offensive.

The 1st and 2nd American Armies held a continuous sector of the Western Front of about 115 kilometers between September 25th and the armistice. The 1st Army's front extended from Vienne-le-Chateau to Fresnes-en-Woevre where the 2nd Army joined and carried the line to Port-sur-Seille, just east of the Moselle River. During this entire period the 1st Army was engaged in the Meuse-Argonne offensive. The 2nd Army held the Woevre line and conducted only minor operations. The combined German and American Daily Order of Battle with additional tabulations presents the revised data for this period on the battle order of the sectors of the two armies. All information about the American Order of Battle has been prepared by The Operations Section, General Staff, G. H. Q.

Klik verder naar een interessant PDF'je: http://cgsc.contentdm.oclc.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/p4013coll7/id/991
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
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