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2 september

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2006 8:56    Onderwerp: 2 september Reageer met quote

Der Weltkrieg am 2. September 1914

DEUTSCHER HEERESBERICHT - ÖSTERREICHISCHER HEERESBERICHT


Feste Givet gefallen

Großes Hauptquartier, 2. September.
Die Feste Givet ist am 31. August gefallen.



Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Zehn französische Armeekorps geschlagen

Großes Hauptquartier, 2. September.
Die mittlere Heeresgruppe der Franzosen - etwa zehn Armeekorps - wurde gestern zwischen Reims und Verdun von unseren Truppen zurückgeworfen. Die Verfolgung wird heute fortgesetzt. Ein französischer Vorstoß aus Verdun wurde abgewiesen. Seine Majestät der Kaiser befand sich während des Gefechts bei der Armee des Kronprinzen und verblieb die Nacht inmitten der Truppen.

Generalquartiermeister v. Stein. 1)


Die Schlacht bei Saint Quentin

Großes Hauptquartier, 2. Septbr.
Wie nachträglich gemeldet wird, hatte die Armee des Generals v. Bülow in der für sie siegreichen Schlacht bei St. Quentin vier französische Armeekorps und drei Reservedivisionen gegen sich. Die Schlacht selbst hat zwei Tage gedauert.


Trübe Lage in Frankreich

Paris, 2. Septbr. (Indirekt.)
Das Kriegsministerium kündigt an, daß die Regierung auf den Rat der Militärbehörden Paris verläßt. Es sei nicht wahrscheinlich, daß die Deutschen Paris angreifen, aber Paris werde das Zentrum der militärischen Manöver, weshalb sich die Maßregel empfehle. Der amerikanische Botschafter bleibt in Paris, um den Schutz der Deutschen und der Österreicher auszuüben. Der Sitz der Regierung wird wahrscheinlich wie im Jahre 1870 Bordeaux sein.

Paris, 2. Septbr. (Priv.-Tel.; indirekt.)
Paris bietet das Bild einer halbtoten Stadt. Die Zeitungsjungen dürfen die Blätter nicht mehr laut ausrufen. Die Überschriften der Artikel in den Zeitungen dürfen nicht mehr sensationell sein und nicht mehr über zwei Spalten gedruckt werden. Der Präsident des Munizipalrates erließ ein Manifest, in dem er der nicht waffentragenden Bevölkerung rät abzureisen, damit keine unnützen Münder in Paris sind. Auch der Kriegsminister hob die Vorschriften auf, die bisher während der Kriegszeiten für Reisen nötig waren. Infolge dessen verläßt die Bevölkerung in Scharen die Hauptstadt.

Aus Belgien

Amsterdam, 2. Septbr. (Priv.-Tel.)
In Brüssel greife das Elend um sich. 38 000 arme Familien sind ohne Nahrung. Der Gemeinderat versammelte sich, um helfend einzugreifen. Der Großherzog von Mecklenburg wohnt im Rathaus. Das Militärkommando befindet sich im Ministerium. Das Schloß wird als Lazarett benutzt.
Der völlig unsinnige Haß gegen die Holländer ist in Brüssel in den letzten Tagen wieder zum Ausbruch gekommen, da sich die Brüsseler nicht ausreden lassen, Holland habe den Durchmarsch deutscher Truppen erlaubt.
Ein englischer Flieger wurde in der Nähe von Ostende von Deutschen heruntergeschossen.
In Mecheln wurde beim Bombardement Rubens berühmtes Bild „Der wunderbare Fischfang“ in der Liebfrauenkirche vernichtet.

Amsterdam, 2. Septbr. (Priv.-Tel.)
Ein deutscher Zeppelin - Luftkreuzer erschien neuerdings über Antwerpen und zerstörte durch Bomben zehn Häuser. In der Stadt brach eine große Panik aus. Das Luftschiff flog unbeschädigt zurück.
Deutsche Truppen haben Alost besetzt.


Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Sieg der Armee Auffenberg

Moritz Ritter von Auffenberg
Moritz Ritter von Auffenberg

Wien, 2. September, 9 Uhr vormittags
Die einwöchige erbitterte Schlacht im Raum Zamosc-Tyszowcke führte gestern zum vollständigen Siege der Armee Auffenberg. Scharen von Gefangenen und bisher 160 Geschütze wurden erbeutet. Die Russen befinden sich im Rückzug über den Bug. Auch bei der Armee Dankl, die nun Lublin bedroht, sind ununterbrochene Erfolge zu verzeichnen.
In Ostgalizien ist Lemberg noch in unserem Besitz. Gleichwohl ist dort die Lage gegenüber dem starken und überlegenen russischen Vorstoß sehr schwierig.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes.
v. Hoefer, Generalmajor. 1)


Der Sieg unserer Verbündeten

Kriegspressequartier, 2. Septbr.
Der offensive Vorstoß der Armeen Dankl und Auffenberg, unter denen sich die Korps Puhallo und Boroevic besonders ausgezeichnet haben, ist bisher von immer steigendem Erfolge gekrönt. Er hat nunmehr in außerordentlich hartnäckigen Kämpfen den endgültigen Sieg errungen. Die Schlacht wurde besonders dadurch erschwert, daß die russische Artillerie die Stellungen vorzüglich verteidigte. Auch hatte der Feind eine Spionage in allergrößtem Umfang organisiert und dazu die Hilfe der einheimischen Bevölkerung in Anspruch genommen, was das Vorgehen unserer Truppen vielfach sehr erschwerte. Die Bevölkerung verriet mehrmals dem Feinde die österreichisch-ungarischen Stellungen und Anmarschlinien durch vereinbarte Rauchfeuer, durch Spiegelsignale und sogar durch Veranstaltung kirchlicher Prozessionen. Trotzdem gelang es der österreichischen Artillerie, die mit größter Wirkung wahre Schießkunststücke vollbrachte, das Gelände zum endgültigen Vorgehen der Truppen vorzubereiten. Im Norden ist mit dem Siege der Armee Auffenberg die Aufgabe der österreichisch-ungarischen Truppen voraus erreicht und die Niederlage der Russen vollständig. Schwere Kämpfe finden noch vor Lemberg statt.


Kriegerische Stimmung in der Türkei

Rom, 2. Septbr. (Indirekt. Priv.-Tel.)
Aus Ägypten wird gemeldet, daß England eine kleine Flotte von Kreuzern und Torpedojägern an der syrisch-palästinischen Grenze kreuzen läßt, weil Gerüchte umlaufen, die Türkei sammle in Syrien ein Heer, um in Ägypten einzufallen.


Die Lage im Balkan

Wien, 2. Septbr. (Priv.-Tel.)
Die russischen Pressionen auf Bulgarien dauern fort. Die "Südslawische Korrespondenz" meldet, daß der russische Gesandte die Opposition versammle und ihr für den Fall wohlwollender Neutralität in einem russisch-türkischen Krieg die Grenzen von San Stefano oder die Linie Enos-Midia versprochen habe. Die Opposition verlangte einen Kronrat, den der König aber verweigert. In Wiener offiziellen Kreisen ist man bezüglich der Haltung Bulgariens beruhigt.

Rom, 2. Septbr. (Priv.-Tel.)
Wie verlautet, versuchte Rußland noch kürzlich Bulgarien dadurch zur Intervention für den Dreiverband zu bewegen, daß es Abtretungen jetzt serbischer Gebiete in Mazedonien versprach. Der egoistische russische Plan ist jedoch an der Weigerung Serbiens gescheitert, bindende Verpflichtungen zu übernehmen. Darauf griff Rußland, wie schon von anderer Seite gemeldet wurde, zu Drohungen. Es erklärte, Warna bombardieren zu wollen, falls Bulgarien den Durchzug türkischer Truppen gestatte.

Sofia, 2. Septbr. (W. B. Nichtamtlich.)
Wie die Blätter melden, wurde die große Wardarbrücke bei Guemendsche von den mazedonischen Revolutionären vollständig zerstört. Infolge der unaufhörlichen Verfolgungen der Mazedonier durch die serbischen Behörden beginne die Gärung unter der Bevölkerung gefährliche Formen anzunehmen, so daß weitere Anschläge zu erwarten seien. "Kambana" wendet sich gegen die unaufhörlichen Aufforderungen der russischen Panslawisten, Bulgarien möge Rußland zu Hilfe kommen, und sagt, alle diese Hilferufe könnten höchstens die russischen und serbischen Werkzeuge in Bulgarien rühren. Das bulgarische Volk werde dagegen ein kaltes, verschlossenes Herz bewahren.
Die bulgarische Selbstverleugnung gehe nicht so weit, daß Bulgarien sich selbst das Grab grabe, wie die endlosen russischen Aufrufe verlangen.



Der 1. Weltkrieg im September 1914

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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2006 9:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1917: Fatherland Party formally launched in Germany

On September 2, 1917, militarist conservatives within Germany formally launch a new political party, the Vaterlandspartei or Fatherland Party, a move that reflects the growing hold of the army over all aspects of German society during the First World War.

By 1917, with mutinies flaring within the German navy and hungry workers striking on the home front, Germany’s Reichstag government was internally divided and struggling to maintain control. Its administrative structures were limited—Germany lacked, for example, the equivalent of the British Munitions Ministry, which organized and regulated Britain’s war production. As a result, the army’s general staff had expanded to fill in the gaps, however inadequately. The Supreme War Command, led by Generals Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff, had since 1916 exerted ever more control over Germany’s affairs, both on and away from the battlefield.

As the army’s power expanded, that of the Reichstag and especially that of Kaiser Wilhelm II shrank, and Hindenburg rose in the minds of the German people to become the supreme warlord. The Fatherland Party—formally launched on September 2, 1917, the anniversary of Prussia’s defeat of France at Sedan during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870—reflected this reality politically. Its founders were two military conservatives with relatively aggressive war aims, Wolfgang Kapp and Alfred von Tirpitz, the former naval minister. In direct response to the peace resolution introduced by the moderate German politician Matthias Erzberger and debated during the summer of 1917 in the Reichstag parliament, the Fatherland Party aimed to reignite the "spirit of 1914" and rededicate the country to the cause of a German victory in the war.

Tirpitz and Kapp—who was later to lead the notorious failed putsch against Germany’s Weimar government in 1920—drew their support from a conservative base that included schoolteachers, the clergy and the professional middle class. The army expressed its own support through its press agency, as well as through the censorship of the party’s political opponents. By 1918, the Fatherland Party numbered 1.25 million members. Its strength, in turn, encouraged Hindenburg and Ludendorff to disregard any pretense of defensive warfare and pursue an aggressive policy during the final year of the war, which included a new program of annexation that promised to vastly increase Germany’s post-war influence.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1914)

2 september 1914 - “De burgemeester van Baerle-Hertog acht het dringend noodig alle vuurwapens met bijbehoorende munitie, die in het bezit zijn van niet-militaire inwoners van Baarle-Hertog, onmiddellijk te doen inleveren ten Gemeentehuize van Baerle-Hertog, behoorlijk verpakt en van een adreskaartjen voorzien. Zoodra de tijdsomstandigheden het weder gedoogen, kunnen de eigendommen weder in ontvangst genomen worden.” (Gemeentearchief Baarle-Hertog; burgemeester van Gilse, vergaderingen van het schepencollege, 1914)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=187:05-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1914&catid=90:oorlog&Itemid=118
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Beleg van Tsingtao

(...) Op 2 september 1914, kort na de oorlog werd verklaard door de Japanners, Kamio's 18e Divisie met 23.000 mannen gesteund door 142 kanonnen, begonnen de haven te bombarderen. Groot-Brittannië, op hun hoede van de Japanse plannen in de regio, besloten om 1500 militairen te zenden als steun. De Duitsers, die steun kregen van Oostenrijk-Hongarije en het bevel kregen van Alfred Meyer-Waldeck, hielden ruim twee maanden de haven in handen. Op 7 november 1914 gaven de Duitsers zich over en overhandigen op 10 november 1914 Tsingtao aan de Japanners. Na de Chinese acceptatie van het Japanse Eenentwintig Eisen (Taika Nijyūichikkajō Yōkyū), dat op 18 januari 1915 werd voorgesteld, kwam Tsingtao in Chinese handen onder toezicht van de Japanse regering tot 1922. (...)

http://www.militair.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=55&t=4071
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De Bedumer 1914-1918

(...) Pas in krant 36 van 2 september 1914 wordt voor het eerst melding gemaakt van Belgische vluchtelingen: …..In Maastricht zijn ongeveer 7.000 vluchtelingen aangekomen. Nog steeds stromen zij toe uit de omliggende dorpen, zelfs uit Mechelen. Ook komen tal van Nederlanders uit Luik. Nadat verschillende steden in brand waren gestoken achtten zij het raadzaam heen te gaan….. (...)

http://www.bedumer.nl/site/Historie/De-Bedumer-1914-1918-vluchtelingenopvang-in-Bedum.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Anton Freiherr von Lehár

(...) Following the outbreak of the war Anton Lehár assumed command of the 2nd battalion of the Honvéd-Landsturm infantry regiment number 13, which was subordinated to Generalmajor Georg Mihálcsics von Stolácz's Landsturm Infantry Brigade 100 of Armeegruppe Kummer which was recruited from the Pressburg area. On the 2nd of September 1914 the Russian 4th army counterattacked south of Lublin. Particularly hard hit was the position at Chodel which formed the boundary between General der Kavallerie Viktor Dankl's 1st army and Army Group Kummer. For his command of this battalion at Chodel and the holding of trig point 229 on the 2nd of September 1914 Major Lehár was to be decorated with the knights' cross of the Military Maria Theresia Order and to be ennobled with the predicate "Freiherr von" in August 1918. (...)

http://www.austro-hungarian-army.co.uk/biog/leharant.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Royal Navy Battle Ensign

Because the German Imperial naval ensign was, in poor visibility liable to confusion with the White Ensign the Admiralty issued a succession of orders about the use of additional flags.

2nd September 1914. Ships were to hoist a Blue Ensign as well as a White Ensign when going into action or approaching a suspicious vessel.

http://www.gwpda.org/naval/s0600000.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Arthur Conan Doyle

On 2nd September, 1914, soon after the start of the First World War, the Liberal politician, Charles Masterman, the head of the War Propaganda Bureau, organised a secret meeting of Britain's leading writers. to discuss ways of best promoting Britain's interests during the war. Those who attended to discuss the best way of promoting Britain's interests during the war included Conan Doyle, Arnold Bennett, John Masefield, Ford Madox Ford, William Archer, G. K. Chesterton, Sir Henry Newbolt, John Galsworthy, Thomas Hardy, Rudyard Kipling, Gilbert Parker, G. M. Trevelyan and H. G. Wells.

All the writers present at the conference agreed to the utmost secrecy, and it was not until 1935 that the activities of the War Propaganda Bureau became known to the general public. Several of the men who attending the meeting agreed to write pamphlets and books that would promote the government's view of the situation.

In 1914 Conan Doyle wrote the recruiting pamphlet, To Arms!. The WPB arranged for Conan Doyle to go the Western Front and his pamphlet, A Visit to the Three Fronts was published in 1916. During the war Doyle also wrote his six volume history, The British Campaign in France and Flanders. Conan Doyle also wrote on the First World War for the Daily Chronicle.

Although fifty-five when the war Conan Doyle also joined the Crowborough Company of the Sixth Royal Sussex Volunteer Regiment and served as a private throughout the war. His son, Kingsley Conan Doyle, joined the British Army and was wounded at the Somme. He died in October, 1917, after developing pneumonia.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jconan.htm

In his diary, Arnold Bennett described the first meeting of the War Propaganda Bureau at Wellington House on 2nd September, 1914.

Masterman in the chair. Zangwill talked a great deal too much. The sense was talked by Wells and Chesterton. Rather disappointed in Gilbert Murray, but I like the look of little R. H. Benson. Masterman directed pretty well, and Claude Schuster and the Foreign Office representative were not bad. Thomas Hardy was all right.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Jbennett.htm

Zie ook http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=4521
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 01 Sep 2010 21:29, in toaal 2 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Pte Charles Gray, 15th Highland Light Infantry

(...) 15th H.L.I. was known as the Glasgow Tramways Battalion. When the battalion was raised by the Lord Provost and City of Glasgow on 2nd September 1914 the vast majority it's volunteers came from the Glasgow Tramways. They arrived in France in November 1915. He began his basic training at Maryhill and was then transferred to Montrose on 20th June having received his inoculations, etc. He was paid 8/- (40p) a week and billeted at Union Mills. On 22nd July he was home for a weekend and started musketry training on 14th August. (...)

http://www.kinnethmont.co.uk/1914-1918_files/chas-gray.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

fourteeneighteen - Researching the men and women of 1914-1918

William Baynes-Smith

William, a 29 year old teacher and graduate of Sheffield Univeristy, enlisted into the Royal Field Artillery on 2 September 1914. Sent to the RFA depot at Athlone, he was posted to B (Howitzer) Battery of 77 Brigade RFA. This unit was under command of 16th (Irish) Division but it lagged behind when the Division went to France in December 1915. It finally rejoined it in the Loos area in February 1916 and was soon involved in the German gas attack at Hulluch in April. William also saw service on the Somme and became the Battery Quartermaster Sergeant before being commissioned into the Royal Garrison Artillery on 20 February 1917. He had a short period of service with 123 Siege Battery RGA at Dainville before he sustained severe wounds during the Battle of Arras. Nonetheless William returned after treatment to join 1/1st West Riding Heavy Battery RGA at Bellewaarde in November 1917. He was taken seriously ill in June 1918 and did not return to France.

http://www.fourteeneighteen.co.uk/?cat=4
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The New Zealand occupation of Samoa

(...) Although, the Governor had been promished to be deported to Fiji, he was taken to Auckland, New Zealand as a prisoner of war on 2 September 1914, together with his secretary, Mars, and the director of the wireless station, Hirsch. (...)

http://www.chakoten.dk/cgi-bin/fm.cgi?n=945
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

William Short VC

William Short ignored the very severe wounds he received in the thick of the Battle near Pozières and continued fighting. For his gallantry he was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.

Short was born in Eston near Middlesbrough on 4 February 1887. He lived there and later in Grangetown, working as a craneman in a local steelworks. He was a keen footballer playing for Grangetown Albion, Saltburn and Lazenby United. On 2 September 1914, a month after the outbreak of war, he enlisted in The Yorkshire Regiment (Green Howards) and joined the 8th Battalion, part of the 23rd Division.

Lees verder op http://www.iwm.org.uk/server/show/nav.2209
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

John French, 1st Earl of Ypres

(...) After the BEF's first battles at Mons and Le Cateau, where, as Kitchener predicted, it had to retreat from its position to avoid the danger of being flanked when the Belgian position failed, French was increasingly indecisive and more concerned with preserving his troops, even suggesting removing them to the Channel Ports, than aiding the French. He began a tentative withdrawal which threatened to break the line between French and Belgian armies and needed an unwanted emergency meeting with Kitchener on 2 September 1914 to re-organise his thinking and direct the counter-offensive at the First Battle of the Marne. French was particularly upset by the fact that Kitchener arrived wearing his field marshal's uniform; he felt Kitchener was implying that he was French's superior and not simply a cabinet member, a fact he mentioned in a letter to Sir Winston Churchill. No one knows exactly what was said during the meeting, as neither man kept any record, but French became increasingly antagonistic towards Kitchener in the following months. (...)

http://www.answers.com/topic/john-french-1st-earl-of-ypres
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

HMT Southland after torpedo hit September 1915

Description HMT Southland after torpedo hit September 1915.jpg
English: AWM Caption: The troopship Southland, carrrying Headquarters, 2nd Division, AIF, Headquarters, 6th Infantry Brigade, 21st Infantry Battalion and one Company of the 23rd Infantry Battalion and details, which was torpedoed at 9.51 am in the Agean Sea, near the Island of Agistrati. Two life boats are leaving the side of the sinking vessel (centre rear).

Date 2 September 1915(1915-09-02)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:HMT_Southland_after_torpedo_hit_September_1915.jpg

Survivors of HMT Southland after torpedo hit September 1915

Description Survivors of HMT Southland after torpedo hit September 1915.jpg
English: AWM Caption: A lifeboat from the Ben-My-Chree passing a line to a lifeboat full of Australian troops from the troopship SS Southland. The troopship SS Southland was torpedoed near Agistrati Island while it was carrying Australian troops to the Gallipoli Peninsula.

Date 2 September 1915(1915-09-02)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Survivors_of_HMT_Southland_after_torpedo_hit_September_1915.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

3546 Pte Donald Banks, 4th Lincolnshire Regiment

Donald sailed for France on 29th June 1915, arriving at Le Havre the following day. A train jorney to the Bull Ring at Etaples followed and it was while Donald was at Etaples that he met Indian troops. (...) this is what Donald told me about the encounter:

"We were housed in tents and right next to us were the Gurkhas with whom I soon made friends. I’ve got a picture here of myself with one of them which somebody took and which was sent to England and put in the paper. I proceeded to learn some of their language and they taught me very well, but what did strike me was when the Ghurka sergeants came in they’d sit and be attended to by the privates. The privates had to undo their boots and take them off. I couldn’t see our sergeants doing that. But they were fine little fellows: quick, agile, friendly, I liked them immensely."

On 2nd September 1915, the 4th Lincolns were close to Hill 60 near Lake Zillebeke and it was whilst they were there that Donald Banks was wounded. This in his own words:

"The roof of the dug-out, which was in the embankment of the railway, consisted of an iron gate covered with earthen sods, and we thought that looked pretty safe. Opposite to us, about thirty yards, was a rather large pond and there was a sort of hedge and ditch to the east of it which we used as latrines, and we were sitting awaiting orders and it was just getting dusk. About a hundred yards away was the Ypres-Menin Road and we were in the angle.

"Now the railway beyond us ran into a cutting as it approached the road and there the Staffordshire regiment were billeted in their dug-outs. We were in our own in an exposed position on this ridge on which the railway ran, lake Zillebeke behind us, and a shell landed on the road. The next one landed on the edge of the pond, then one over our heads. Looking back now, he was obviously ranging because always when they fired they fired a shell beyond and one short and then get the distance between for the target. Well sure enough, the next shell landed right on the trenches to our left and up went the call for stretcher bearers. I remember them carrying by the casualties and one man in particular who’d just his arm dangling by a thread covered with blood. They were taking them to the first aid post which was up beyond the Staffordshires, and our fellows from that end began running along towards the Staffs. Now there was a ridge and in the corner of this ridge with the railway embankment was our headquarters.

"The colonel came out and he said, “Get in with these others, stop running about, there’s an observation balloon up there” which we’d not noticed. This observation balloon had seen our activities when they were looking for the French pom-poms evidently. So two fellows crowded in in front of us and then two more, Sergeant Preston was one and the other, a fellow named West. And then the next moment there was a most terrific thump and crash, I can’t describe. All I knew was that my head was buzzing and singing and I was half buried. There was a groaning beside me and I was completely buried.

"From what I can make out, I’m the only one left. They told me later the top of Pygott’s head was taken off. My head was bent down and the fellow in front of me must have taken the full blast, blown to pieces. Well, I started to run towards this ridge and then my sight went and I called out and one of the Staffordshire fellas came up and said, “alright chum, come on.” He led me to a dressing station. There they bandaged me and treated other casualties. After a while the shelling stopped and it had started to rain. They carried some on stretchers but they couldn’t get the ambulance up to this post because of the shell holes and we had to walk some hundreds of yards to where the ambulance was. By holding on behind one of the stretcher bearers - slipping and staggering along - we eventually reached the ambulance. There I was put on a stretcher and we were taken to the rest camp. We were left there all night.

"Next morning the medical officer came round. He was a major, a specialist of some kind, and he looked at me and said, “what’s the trouble?” I said, “My eyes, I can’t see sir, they’re sore.” So he pried into my eyes. I tried to open them but the pain was too intense. He said to the orderly, “Wash his eyes out carefully, they should never have bandaged him like that he might have gone completely blind.” Later on he came to me again and I was beginning to glimmer a little bit of light. This persisted two or three days. I just lay on the stretcher and they brought food to me: soup, stew or something or other; I had to be fed by hand. And then the officer suddenly said to me, “How old are you son?” I hesitated for a moment and he said, “Now, tell me the truth.” I said, “sixteen sir.” “Yes,” he said, “I guessed it.” And then he turned to the orderly and said, “You see you can tell by the formation of the bones that he’s not nineteen. I bet you gave your age as nineteen.” I said, “Yes sir.” “Alright son,” he said, “we’ll see to you.”

Donald recovered his sight but was discharged from the army on 3rd December 1915 having made a mis-statement of age.

Lees alles! http://worldwar1veterans.blogspot.com/2009/07/3546-pte-donald-banks-4th-lincolnshire.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Machine Gun Corps of 1914-1918

The Machine Gun Corps is created

On 2 September 1915 a definite proposal was made to the War Office for the formation of a single specialist Machine Gun Company per infantry brigade, by withdrawing the guns and gun teams from the battalions. They would be replaced at battalion level by the light Lewis machine guns and thus the firepower of each brigade would be substantially increased. The Machine Gun Corps was created by Royal Warrant on October 14 followed by an Army Order on 22 October 1915. The companies formed in each brigade would transfer to the new Corps. The MGC would eventually consist of infantry Machine Gun Companies, cavalry Machine Gun Squadrons and Motor Machine Gun Batteries. The pace of reorganisation depended largely on the rate of supply of the Lewis guns but it was completed before the Battle of the Somme in 1916. A Base Depot for the Corps was established at Camiers.

http://www.1914-1918.net/mgc.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

DARK AUTUMN - THE 1916 GERMAN ZEPPELIN OFFENSIVE

(...) The second raiding period began with another marginally effective raid on August 24, followed on September 2 by the largest zeppelin raid of the war. Late on the afternoon of that day, 12 Navy airships; L-11, L-13, L-14, L-16, L-17, L-21, L-22, L-23, L-24, L-30, L-32 and SL-8 were all sent into the air. For once, army ships were also to attack the same night. Four Army airships: LZ-90, LZ-97, LZ-98 and the SL-11 took off from their bases and headed for England. The sixteen ships carried a total of 32 tons of bombs.

LZ-98, commanded by Ernest Lehmann, future commander of the airship Hindenburg, approached from the southeast, arriving over the Thames River at Gravesend. Believing that he was over the London dockyards, he dropped his bombs and made off to the northeast, briefly encountering a British aircraft piloted by Second Lieutenant William Robinson before escaping into the clouds. (...)

Lees verder op http://www.richthofen.com/dark_autumn/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The battle of Turtucaia (Tutrakan) (2-6 September 1916): Romania's grief, Bulgaria's glory.

On 27 August 1916, Romania declared war on Austria-Hungary and sent three armies across the Carpathian passes to occupy Transylvania as promised in a secret treaty with the Entente signed two weeks before. A wave of delirious joy swept over Bucharest at the prospect of annexing the "cradle of the Romanian race." (1) Vastly outnumbered Habsburg defenders offered little resistance and within a few days Romanian troops occupied Orsova, Petrosani, Brasov, and the suburbs of Sibiu. The Romanian war plan, whose priority was to advance quickly to the strategically important Mures river, appeared to be working to perfection. But this initial success was short-lived. On 2 September, Bulgarian forces, supplemented by a small German detachment, besieged the southern Romanian fortress of Turtucaia located across the Danube only 60 kilometers from Bucharest. The surrender of the fortress and its garrison of more than 25,000 after only four days of inept defense had a crucial impact on both Romania and her enemies. For the Bulgarians, the recovery of Turtucaia, taken by Romania in 1913, was something "holy" which they embraced with their "entire soul." It enlivened their zeal to fight and strengthened their commitment to the Central Powers. (2) This quick victory on Romania's southern frontier also brought encouragement to Austro-German leaders who faced a serious military crisis as a result of Romania's unexpected intervention. (3) In Romania, on the other hand, the fall of Turtucaia triggered sudden panic. Among civilians there were visions of invasion, defeat, and retribution from ancient enemies. Yesterday's hopes of a Romania Mare (Greater Romania) were replaced by fears of a Romania Mici (Smaller Romania). (4) More importantly, the Romanian High Command (MCG) impulsively abandoned its war plan thereby ushering in a series of defeats which ended only in December with the Central Powers occupying two-thirds of the Romanian homeland.

The Battle of Turtucaia has remained a vivid memory in both Romania and Bulgaria. Even though the Romanians repossessed the city during the interwar period, this defeat continued to be the most embarrassing episode of their participation in the First World War. "This name rings painfully in the ears of every Romanian" wrote their most influential historian of the war, "It is linked to the greatest defeat of our holy war: a grievous, humiliating, ignominious defeat...." Even in 2001, a Romanian writer would describe it as an "ugly" memory. (5) For the Bulgarians, in contrast, the Battle of Turtucaia has remained a "page of glory," "one of the crowns of Bulgarian military skill." (6) Its memory was invoked in 1940-1941 when Bulgaria recovered the city and once again entered into an alliance with Germany. It has been memorialized in a museum and in periodic historical symposia, the most recent being in 1996 on the 80th anniversary of the battle. (7)

Lees verder en besluit darna tot het nemen van een 'free trial'... http://www.accessmylibrary.com/article-1G1-112797098/battle-turtucaia-tutrakan-2.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 21:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

September 1916

Saturday 2nd September, 1916 - Up at 6.30 a.m. and on duty at 8 a.m. Few cases this morning. Had to go on car at 11 a.m. with man badly wounded, Penetrat. Frac. skull and right arm almost blown off, to Puchvilliers where the C.C.S. is. The man was in good spirits though suffering badly. Back at Warloy about 2 p.m. Very little doing this afternoon so wrote another letter and made souvenir butter knife from German bullet and piece of Eng. shell. Our battle planes very active this evening. Off duty 8 p.m., turned in 9 p.m.

http://www.anzacs.net/Anzac-Diaries/1916/September1916.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 22:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Commonwealth War Graves Commission - Rugby’s War Dead

France - Lieutenant Marcel Burgun

Marcel played at centre for France on 11 occasions, including their
first ever international victory in 1911, which was against Scotland.
He entered military service in 1910 and with the outbreak of war in
1914 was made a Sub-Lieutenant in the Artillery Regiment. In 1915,
Marcel asked to join the newest branch of the services, the airforce.
He first flew as an observer, pinpointing targets for artillery but by
September 1915 he wanted a more aggressive role as a fighter pilot,
undoubtedly due to the fact that his brother had been killed at the
front.
On 2 September 1916 Marcel set out on what was to be his last
patrol. He came across a German aircraft and decided to attack but
a second German plane appeared and he was shot down and killed.
Marcel received three citations for bravery and was awarded the
Croix de Guerre medal. He is buried in the Cimetiere de Mont
Frenet, La Cheppe, Marne, France.

http://www.cwgc.org/admin/files/Rugby%20leaflet.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 22:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Bombers: Germany, Zeppelins

(...) Towards mid 1916 the British planes were armed with a mixture of explosive and incendiary bullets. This mixture would prove to be deadly to the airships: the explosive bullets could pierce the Zeppelin's tough outer skin and cause leaks on the inner gas bags. The incendiary bullets could set those leaks on fire, and once on fire a Zeppelin was doomed.

William Leefe-Robinson, flying a BE2c, was the first to shoot down a dirigible over Britain, on the 2nd of September, 1916. The massive fire of the burning airship was visible for over a hundred miles. This was during a raid of twelve naval airships which were, somewhat unusually, accompanied by four army airships. Leefe-Robinson became an instant hero. He survived the war, only to die a month later in the influenza epidemic. (...)

http://www.firstworldwar.com/airwar/bombers_zeppelins.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 22:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

T. E. Lawrence to Colonel C. E. Wilson

[Akaba]

2.9.17

Dear Colonel Wilson,

I should have answered your very kind note before, but I was busy about stores and things when the Southward ships were sailing. The Hejaz show is a quaint one, the like of which has hardly been on earth before, and no one not of it can appreciate how difficult it is to run. However it has gone forward, and history will call it a success: but I hope that the difficulties it has had to contend with will be equally clear. All my memories of it are pleasant (largely due to you, of course, for on the face things should not be so), and if ever I can get my book on it out, I'll try to make other people see it. They do not seem always to appreciate that while we hop about the Railway and places smashing things up, and enjoying ourselves, someone else has to sit and stew in Jidda keeping the head of the affair on the rails. You would be glad to hear sometimes how Feisul and the rest speak of you.

However, here is a request. The Sherif never approved of Jaafar's coming and has never been reconciled to it. Jaafar has done very good work, and has pulled the officers more or less together, and made himself recognised as the head of them. This is going to change the discipline and spirit of the whole force like magic, if he can get a few more officers. He's just gone to Egypt for this. Do you think you could get a letter from the Sherif to him, thanking him for his efforts, and saying something nice about their mutual hopes for the future? Jaafar is a little down in the mouth, and this letter would give him confidence.

I fancy it may not be as easy as it sounds to get the right letter from the Sherif - but if you could get a pleased moment or a tactful friend it might be done. A direct request would look a little odd.

I hope to go off towards Mudowwara in three days' time: have been held up for money.

Yours sincerely,

T. E. Lawrence

http://www.telawrence.net/telawrencenet/letters/1917/170902_c_e_wilson.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 22:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

SS Dundee (+1917)

SS Dundee, built by Caledon SB. & Eng. Co., Ltd., Dundee in 1911 and operated at the time of her loss by Royal Navy, was a British armed boarding steamer of 2187 tons.

On September 2nd, 1917, Dundee was sunk by the German submarine UC-49 (Karl Petri), southwest of the Scilly Islands. 9 persons were lost.

http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?13644
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 22:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

SOVIET GOVERNMENT STATEMENT ON ALLIED RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE ANTI-SOVIET CONSPIRACY

2 September 1918 - Izvestia, 3 September 1918


Today, the 2[nd of] September, the conspiracy organized by Anglo-French diplomats, at the head of which was the chief of the British Mission, Lockhart, the French Consul-General Grenard, the French General Lavergne, and others, was liquidated. The purpose of the conspiracy was to organize the capture of the Council of People's Commissars and the proclamation of a military dictatorship in Moscow; this was to be done by bribing Soviet troops.

The entire organization, which was built on a strictly conspiratorial basis, and which made use of forged documents and bribery, has been disclosed.

Among other things, instructions were found that in the event of a successful revolt, forged secret correspondence was to be published, between the Russian and German Governments, and forged treaties were to be manufactured, in order to create a suitable atmosphere for renewing the war with Germany.

The conspirators acted under cover of diplomatic immunity and with certificates issued over the personal signature of the chief of the British Mission in Moscow, Mr Lockhart. A number of these certificates are at present in the hands of the Special Investigating Commission.

It has been established that 1,200,000 rubles were spent on bribery by one of Lockhart's agents alone, a British lieutenant, Riley, during the last week and a half. The conspiracy was disclosed thanks to the reliability of the commanders of those Soviet detachments which the conspirators offered to bribe.

At the secret headquarters of the conspirators an Englishman was arrested who, after being brought before the Special Investigating Commission, said that he was the British diplomatic representative, Lockhart. After the identity of the arrested Lockhart had been established, he was immediately released.

The investigation is being energetically pursued.

http://marxists.catbull.com/history/ussr/government/foreign-relations/1918/September/2.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 22:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Bellenden Seymour Hutcheson

Bellenden Seymour Hutcheson VC, MC (16 December 1883, Mount Carmel, Illinois - 9 April 1954, Mount Carmel, Illinois), was an American (also considered Canadian) recipient of the Victoria Cross (VC) during the First World War. The VC is the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Hutcheson was one of seven Canadians to be awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on 2 September 1918. The other six Victoria Cross recipients were Claude Joseph Patrick Nunney, William Metcalf, John Francis Young, Walter Leigh Rayfield, Cyrus Wesley Peck and Arthur George Knight.

[edit] Biography
Hutcheson was a graduate of Northwestern University Medical School. In 1915, he renounced his United States citizenship in order to join the Canadian Army as a medical officer. He reclaimed his American citizenship after the war.

He was 34 years old, and a captain in the Canadian Army Medical Corps, Canadian Expeditionary Force, attached to 75th (Mississauga) Battalion, during the First World War.

On 2 September 1918 in France, Captain Hutcheson went through the Drocourt-Quéant Support Line with his battalion, remaining on the field until every wounded man had been attended to. He dressed the wounds of a seriously hurt officer under terrific machine-gun and shell fire, and with the help of prisoners and his own men, he succeeded in evacuating the officer to safety. Immediately afterwards, he rushed forward in full view of the enemy to attend a wounded sergeant, and having placed him in a shell-hole, dressed his wounds.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bellenden_Seymour_Hutcheson
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 22:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Walter Leigh Rayfield

Walter Leigh Rayfield VC (October 7, 1881, Richmond - February 19, 1949, Toronto) was a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Rayfield was one of seven Canadian to be awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on September 2, 1918. The other six Victoria Cross recipients were Claude Joseph Patrick Nunney, William Metcalf, Cyrus Wesley Peck, John Francis Young, Bellenden Hutcheson and Arthur George Knight. (...)

He was 36 years old, and a private in the 7th (1st British Columbia) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

From 2–4 September 1918 during the operations east of Arras, France, Private Rayfield, ahead of his company, rushed a trench occupied by a large party of the enemy, bayoneting two and taking 10 prisoners. Later, after engaging with great skill an enemy sniper, he rushed the section of the trench from which the sniper had been operating and so demoralised the enemy that 30 others surrendered to him. Subsequently, regardless of personal safety, he left cover under heavy machine-gun fire and carried in a badly wounded comrade.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_Leigh_Rayfield
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 22:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

John Francis Young

John Francis Young VC (January 14, 1893, Kidderminster, England - November 7, 1929, Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec), was a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Young was one of seven Canadians to be awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on September 2, 1918. The other six Victoria Cross recipients were Claude Joseph Patrick Nunney, William Metcalf, Cyrus Wesley Peck, Walter Leigh Rayfield, Bellenden Hutcheson and Arthur George Knight. (...)

John Francis Young was 25 years old, and a private in the 87th (Canadian Grenadier Guards) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the Victoria Cross.

On 2 September 1918 in the Dury-Arras Sector, France, when his company had suffered heavy casualties, Private Young, a stretcher-bearer, went forward to dress the wounded in open ground swept by machine-gun and rifle fire. He did this for over an hour displaying absolute fearlessness, and on more than one occasion, having used up all his stock of dressings, he made his way to company headquarters for a further supply before returning to the battlefield. Later in the day he organised and led stretcher-bearers to bring in the wounded whom he had dressed. He spent a full hour rescuing well over a dozen men.

Mustard gas was present in the battle which damaged one of Young's lungs. This later led to him catching tuberculosis.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Francis_Young
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 22:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

American Victoria Cross Recipients

Lance Corporal William Henry Metcalf served in the Manitoba Regiment of the CEF. On 2 September 1918 at Arras, France, when the right flank of the battalion was held up, Lance-Corporal Metcalf rushed forward under intense machine-gun fire to a passing tank and with his signal flag walked in front of the tank directing it along the trench in a perfect hail of bullets and bombs. The machine-gun strong-point was overcome, very heavy casualties were inflicted and a critical situation was relieved. Later, although wounded, Corporal Metcalf continued to advance until ordered to get into a shell-hole and have his wounds dressed.

http://www.mysteriesofcanada.com/Military/american_vc_recipients.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Sep 2010 22:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meierijsche Courant, Dinsdag 2 September 1919.

Valkenswaard. Inbraak met diefstal. Gisternacht werd in het pakhuis van den grossier H. v.d. Besselaar ingebroken. Vermoedelijk door het opschuiven van een raam en verder het pakhuis binnengedrongen. Er werden c.a. 40 kazen vermist, wat eene waarde vertegenwoordigt van c.a. 700 gulden. Van de daders geen spoor.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/19192.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Dec 2010 18:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Tandorini @ 02 Aug 2009 18:52 schreef:
Op 2 september 1893 werd te Kessel-Lo Engelbert Jacobs geboren,op zich een niet zo bijzondere gebeurtenis,ware het niet dat hij 'Stierf voor België' op..............jawel....2 september 1914.


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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2011 6:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

SEPTEMBER 2, 1914

The Belgian Front.
==The Germans shell Malines, near Antwerp

Paris.
==The French government leaves Paris for Bordeaux [night], as does over a third of the city’s population - American Ambassador Herrick remains and pledges to protect Paris’ monuments from German depredations by putting them under American protection “in the custody of humanity at large”
==Joffre is given direct command over the Paris garrison and over Gallieni
==Gallieni expects a German attack on Paris by the next day

The Far Northwestern Front.
==(to Sep.06) The first, brief German occupation of Lille
==The German 1st Army clashes with units of the French 6th Army near Senlis, twenty miles north of Paris
==The Mayor of Senlis and six hostages are executed by German troops

The BEF Front.
==The BEF reaches the Marne [dusk], evading Kluck’s attempts to trap them
==An OHL General Order ratifies Kluck’s turn away from Paris, but orders his 1st Army to cover the open German right flank, keeping in echelon to the rear of 2nd Army [night]: Kluck ignores the latter part of the order and continues his rapid advance

==The gap between the BEF and French 5th Army has widened to 25 miles

The Northwestern Front.
==The Germans occupy Laon

The Central Front.
== ~Fierce fighting in the Argonne Forest between German 5th Army and French 3rd Army

French Headquarters (GQG).
==Joffre issues secret instructions to French Army commanders, planning to fall back on the Seine and regroup

==> http://cnparm.home.texas.net/Wars/Marne/Marne04.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Tweede Slag aan de Somme

De Tweede Slag aan de Somme werd eind de zomer van 1918 aan het Westfront uitgevochten bij de rivier de Somme. Het was de tweede in een reeks van geallieerde tegenoffensieven na de Kaiserschlacht, maakte een definitief einde aan de Duitse opmars en was het begin van het Honderddagenoffensief, dat uiteindelijk tot de wapenstilstand op 11 november zou leiden.

(...) De tweede aanval, ook op 21 augustus, werd gelanceerd ten noorden van de Somme. Het duwde het Duitse Tweede Leger over 55 km terug, van het zuiden van Douai naar La Fère, ten zuiden van Saint-Quentin. Op 26 augustus lanceerde het Eerste Britse Leger een aanval over de lengte van twaalf kilometer. Bapaume viel op de 29ste. Het Australische Korps stak de Somme over in de nacht van 31 augustus en versloeg de Duitsers tijdens de Slag om Mont Saint-Quentin en de slag om Péronne. De commandant van het Britse Vierde Leger, generaal Rawlinson, noemde de opmars tijdens dit offensief de grootste prestatie van de Australiërs tijdens de oorlog.

In de ochtend van 2 september kon het Canadese Korps Drocourt en Quéant innemen (westelijk van de Hindenburglinie). De Duitsers leden zware verliezen, waaronder 6.000 gevangenen. De Canadese verliezen bedroegen 5.600 man. 's Middags besloot Erich Ludendorff zijn legers achter het Canal du Nord terug te trekken. Nu waren de Duitsers teruggedreven tot achter de Hindenburglinie, waaruit zij in de lente nog hun eigen offensieven gestart hadden. (...)

https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tweede_Slag_aan_de_Somme
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Uit Helene Siegfried's dagboek (vertaald door Lide Duyvis)

Berlijn, 1 September 1918. Na een twaalfurige rit in de overvulde D-trein, aankomst te Berlijn 's morgens 9 uur. Door de directrice zeer vriendelijk ontvangen. 's Avonds een door haar gegeven feestavond voor gewonden van het Rittberg-lazaret, die zòo vroolijk en in zòo goede stemming verliep, dat de vreugden van de anderen mij over alle heimwee en afscheidsgedachten heen hielp.

2 Sept. 1918. Het doel is bereikt. Morgen begint het werk in Frohnau. Van morgen vroeg was ik in Adlon bij vorst Quidotto (Donnersmark), om mij aan te melden, daar hij de gedelegeerde van het Lazaret is en om de noodige formaliteiten te vervullen. Het liep alles zeer vlug van stapel.

Frohnau 10 Sept. 1918. Ik begin langzaam aan wortel te schieten in dezen zandbodem in de Mark, zoo goed als het èen van ons maar mogelijk is, bij het verschil van temperament en gewoonten. Frohnau ligt eenzaam in het groen. De heele plaats is èen groot woud, waarin, te midden van bonte bloementuinen, de bekoorlijke villa's staan, waarin wij zusters ieder alleen gehuisvest zijn. Het geheel behoort aan de Vorstin Donnersmark, die zelf als Zuster in barak 2 den heelen dag werkzaam is en ook de maaltijden met ons gebruikt. Zij ontving mij bij mijn aankomst zeer vriendelijk en schijnt mij goed gezind te zijn. De hoofdzuster is een fijnbeschaafde vrouw, de heele staf is heel aardig en de onderlinge toon sympathiek.

In tijdschrift Droom en Daad, jaargang 1 (1923), te lezen via https://www.dbnl.org/tekst/_dro002192301_01/_dro002192301_01_0044.php
Hier meer info over haar: http://sotobed.blogspot.com/2016/09/helene-siegfried-21-september-1918.html : De Zwitserse Helene Siegfried (1886-1918) was aan het eind van de Eerste Wereldoorlog Rode Kruis-zuster in Duitsland, maar overleed al vrij snel aan de Spaanse griep. Fragmenten uit haar dagboek zijn destijds in het Nederlands vertaald.
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 02 Sep 2019 12:32, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

BATTLE OF THE DROCOURT - QUEANT LINE, 2 SEPTEMBER 1918

object description: Ruined buildings in Queant. This village was abandoned by the Germans during the night of 2-3 September following the successful advance of the British 52nd, 57th and 63rd Divisions. (...) Battle of the Drocourt- Queant Line. Queant was one of the strongest German fortresses, captured by the 52nd, 57th and 63rd Divisions 2 September, 1918.

Foto... https://www.europeana.eu/portal/nl/record/2022360/Imperial_War_Museums_http___www_iwm_org_uk_collections_item_object_205216471.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The First World War Letters Of H.J.C. "Jack" Peirs

2. 9. 18.

My dear Father,

Many thanks for letters from Mother and yourself also for post cards of Gladys’ haunts. I had a letter from Graham to-day –late of 17 Albemarle St. He is a Lieut. in a M.T. section rather from necessity than choice as they kicked him out of the infantry because of his eyes.

All is quiet here. The Bosch seems very windy in front and as I hear the Canucks have broken through the Drocourt-Quéant line, the local bit of the Hindenburg do, this morning, one rather wonders whether he will not have to betake himself to a more salubrious spot. The weather is colder but not so bad & it would be rather amusing to start a chasse. It is a very good sign that he has cleared off Kemmel, as anyone who has been near there knows what wonderful observation one can get from it. I can even see the place from here where it is moderately clear, & we are a fair distance away

I find tobacco is very hard to get now. I wonder if you would mind calling on one or other of the tobacconists round Albemarle St. Simmons or Savory in Piccadilly or Junior Army & Navy or Civil Service, & getting them to send me fortnightly a half pound of some cool smoking medium strength to-bacco. At present I smoke John Cotton or Navy Mixture. If you will settle them for a month & get them to promise to carry on, I will send you & them a cheque in payment. I don’t know what I have to pay now probably 3/- or 4/- a quarter, but that can’t be helped.

Love to all
Yours
Jack.

http://jackpeirs.org/letters/2-september-1918/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Brief 1918-09-02 van Auguste aan Berthe

De 2deseptember 1918, onder de wapenen.

Mijn lieve Berthe,

Een paar woorden maar. We liggen nog steeds in de gevechtslinie en ik vraag me af wanneer we nu eens rust krijgen want we zijn zeer vermoeid op dit moment.
Ik heb een zware griep, ik kan niet meer praten. Ik hoop dat het niks is. Ik hoop ook dat bij ons (Dampierre) het jullie goed gaat en in deze grote verwachting, verlaat ik je door je, zoals altijd, veel dikke zoenen te sturen.

Auguste.

https://www.ssew.nl/brief-1918-09-02-auguste-berthe
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De internering van Belgische, Engelse en Duitse militairen in Nederland 1914-1918

Vrijwillige tewerkstelling buiten de kampen. Door vrijwillige tewerkstelling in Nederlandse bedrijven verlieten steeds meer geïnterneerden de kampen. Zij werden organisatorisch ondergebracht in het Depot der Interneringsgroepen. Zij werkten in z.g. interneringsgroepen die, onder toezicht van een Nederlandse officier, gehuisvest werden nabij de plaats van tewerkstelling bijv. bij de mijnen in Zuid Limburg en in de haven van Rotterdam. Deze tewerkstelling geschiedde altijd in overleg met de Centrale Arbeidsbeurs; er werd slechts toestemming verleend als er geen Nederlandse arbeidskrachten beschikbaar waren.

Er was echter dringend behoefte aan arbeidskrachten omdat zeer vele Nederlandse jonge mannen gemobiliseerd waren. Bij een telling op 1 september 1918 bleken van de 31.256 geïnterneerden een aantal van 11.432 in groepen of depots en 3.012 als enkelingen tewerkgesteld – dit is 46,2% van het totaal. De interneringskampen raakten dus langzamerhand ontvolkt. Er werden daarom een aantal reorganisaties doorgevoerd. Vanaf het midden van 1917 waren er daardoor nog slechts vier kampen in gebruik: in Zeist en Harderwijk Belgen), in Groningen (Engelsen) en Bergen (NH) (Duitsers).

Na Oldebroek en Gaasterland (opgeheven resp. september en december 1916) dreigde in begin 1918 ook kamp Harderwijk te worden opgeheven; de overgebleven geïnterneerden zouden worden overgebracht naar Kamp Zeist. Na een intensieve lobby o.a. door de middenstand van Harderwijk, werden echter op 2 september 1918, geheel tegen de verwachting in, de overgebleven 4.500 bewoners van kamp Zeist overgebracht naar kamp Harderwijk.

https://www.wereldoorlog1418.nl/vluchtelingen/militairen-vlucht/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Nederlanders in het Franse Vreemdelingenlegioen: Jacobus Johannes van Brederode

Jacobus Johannes van Brederode meldt zich zeer waarschijnlijk in Augustus 1914 in Parijs samen met andere Nederlanders als oorlogsvrijwilliger en wordt ingedeeld bij het Franse Vreemdelingenlegioen.
De naam Van Brederode komt voor op een lijst die de Nederlandse Gezant in Parijs in 1915 opstelt van Nederlanders die in mei 1915 dienden in de 2e Compagnie, Bataillon C van het 1e Régiment Etranger, het is waarschijnlijk dat het hierbij om Jacobus Johannes gaat.
Hij laat zich volgens een decret van 16 april 1916 naturaliseren tot Fransman waarbij zijn eerste voornaam de Franse schrijfwijze Jacques krijgt.

Op 15 september 1918 sneuvelt hij als Soldat Legionnaire 2e Classe in de buurt van het plaatsje Allemant tijdens de laatste aanval van het vreemdelingenlegioen in die oorlog. Hij dient op dat moment in de 3e compagnie de mitrailleuses.

Op 2 september 1918 klauteren de legionairs opnieuw uit de loopgraven. Het doel is de Hindenburglinie, een onneembare Duitse gordel van staal en beton. De legionairs slagen erin om alle aanvalsdoelen te halen. Waaronder op 15 september de verovering van het dorpje Allemant, ingeklemd tussen de rivieren de Oise en Aisne, en het krijgsgevangen maken van een bataljon van het 43e Pruisische regiment.
Na 13 dagen van aanhoudende gevechten wordt het vreemdelingenlegioen zwaar gehavend uit de frontlinie gehaald.
Van de 2.563 man is minder dan de helft over:
1130 soldaten en overige rangen.
265 Soldaten en 10 officieren zijn gesneuveld.
1103 Soldaten zijn gewond waarvan 15 officieren.

Faleristiek
Jacques Johannes van Brederode wordt postume voorgedragen voor een onderscheiding, de motivatie luidt als volgt: VAN BREDERODE (Jacques-Joannes), mle 27046, légionnaire (active) a la 3e compagnie de mitrailleuses du 1er reg. Etranger: agent de liaison d’un courage et d’un devouement admirables. Au cours de la contre-attaque du 14 september 1918, s’est elance a la tete d’un groupe de mitrailleurs et par son example a reussi a l’entrainer en avant. Est tombe glorieusement en faisant le coup de feu debout sur la tranche. A ete cité

http://www.kwaak99.demon.nl/van%20Brederode,%20Jaques.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De verovering van Wulvergem - 2 september 1918.

Wulvergem is een mooi dorp, maar in 1917 was het dat niet. Nu zien we een kruispunt met een bord 'This is Wulverghem' en een paar gebroken en vernielde grafstenen die aantonen waar de kerk stond. Het lag op onze weg naar de oude Britse lijn van 1914 tot 1917 alsook naar Messines Ridge iets verderop. Terwijl de 89ste Brigade naar Nieuwkerke op excursie trokken, stootte de 21ste Brigade oostelijk door naar het front van de Divisie. Er was veel vijandelijk vuur en we gingen op 2 september traag de Douvevallei op, of liever neer, met de meeste moeilijkheden aan de rechterflank. Bijna de hele vallei lag onder het zicht en het machinegeweervuur vanop de heuvels ten zuiden ervan, waar de opmars eveneens traag vooruitging. Aan de linkerflank ging het beter en we konden gemakkelijk contact houden met de 34ste Divisie.

Het 2/23 Bataljon London Regiment was tijdens de nacht van 1 op 2 september vooruit gegaan en zij stonden, samen met een deel Ieren die in de frontlijn waren gebleven, onder bevel van Kapitein W. Tod, Royal Scots Fuseliers. Hij werd bevelhebber nadat een granaat aan Daylight Corner (Nu : het Hooghof) Brigadegeneraal G. D. Goodman, C.M.G. en Majoor J. T. Coe, commandant van de Londons, licht verwond had. Eigenlijk hadden beide Bataljons een aandeel in het veroveren van de plaats. De A Compagnie (de Picanninnies, Luitenant C. E. Phillips) van het Royal Irish Regiment leverden de hele dag goed werk en bereikten het doel samen met de drie Compagnieën van de Londons.

De kanonnen slaagden erin met de hulp van de Sappeurs en de Pioniers over het slechtste deel van het Niemandsland te raken. Daarbij ontweken ze de granaatputten, omgevallen bomen enz. en konden zo de aanval dekken met een spervuur vanuit de vallei ten oosten van Dranouter. Ze begonnen om 18.50 uur en slaagden erin het vijandelijke vuur te doen verminderen zodat de aanvallende Infanterie voorwaarts kon. Om 20 uur waren er voorposten van de drie Compagnieën van de Londons en een deel van de Royal Irish aanwezig in Wulvergem-dorp. De vijand trok zich terug en vormde gemakkelijke doelen voor de Lewis Gunners van Peloton 3 van de A Compagnie van de Londons die er heel wat konden gevangen nemen. Ze lieten eveneens machinegeweren als souvenir achter. Drie ervan werden veroverd door Sergeant W.M. Harker (2/23 Bataljon London Regiment) die het bevel overnam van zijn peloton nadat de Pelotonscommandant gesneuveld was. Hij stuurde zijn Peloton onder zwaar machinegeweervuur vooruit en schakelde de drie posten uit en veroverde de machinegeweren. Even zag het er naar uit dat de vijand een tegenaanval zou opzetten vanaf de rechterflank. Een groep van 30 man kwam inderdaad aan de rechterkant opzetten, maar Soldaat Eerste Klas F. North van de Londons, nam zijn Lewisgeweer en maakte een einde aan de aanval voor hij goed en wel begonnen was. Alles wat overbleef van Wulvergem was in onze handen en dat bleef zo. Het was geen spectaculaire aanval maar het had veel van onze krachten gevergd en de aanval hielp de opmars naar Hill 63 en Ploegsteert

http://www.wo1.be/nl/geschiedenis/gastbijdragen/militaire-en-burgerlijke-geschiedenis/de-rol-van-de-30ste-divisie-aan-het-einde-van-de-eerste-wereldoorlog
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Fort Frances Museum, untitled photograph, 2 September 1918

Foto... https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Fort-Frances-Museum-untitled-photograph-2-September-1918-Source-Connie-Hollands_fig1_316055537
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Oorlogsdagboek Joris van Severen, 2 september 1918: geen verlof naar Parijs

Gesproken woord! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_R6kn0Eib8U
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

GREG'S WAR - The war experiences of 2nd Lt. C. E. Gregory RFC/RAF in 1918

Monday 2 September 1918 – Bumpy & Windy CBP. The generally unfavourable weather continues, with a bumpy and windy counter-battery patrol with Lt Scarterfield as Observer. On the ground, the British front line is at Estaires.

Leuke site! https://gregswar.com/2018/09/02/monday-2-september-1918-bumpy-windy-cbp/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 02 Sep 2019 12:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

From the Guardian archive, 2 September 1918: Reported death of Lenin - shot by a woman

M. Lenin was shot by a young woman in Moscow on Friday evening, and is reported to have died from his wounds. According to an account in the "Pravda," Lenin was attacked after a meeting of the labourers at Michelson Works, at which he had spoken.

He was stopped by two women, and during the interview three shots were fired, two wounding him in the chest. His assailant is described as a young girl of the intellectual class who belongs to the Social Revolutionaries. The report that Lenin has succumbed to his wounds is not confirmed.

Editorial

Sooner or later the news of his murder was expected, for he had enemies in his own country who seldom make mistakes. No kind words will be wasted on his memory, but it is simple justice to try to understand him and his political philosophy. That he was in many ways a remarkable man, that he gave the masses of the Russian people what they wanted, and that he maintained his hold on them till the last – these may be unpalatable truths to us, but if they are truths it is right (and wise) to recognise them.

Lenin's offence was that he ignored the obligations which Russia – not only her Government but her people – had contracted with her allies, and thereby enormously increased the power of Germany to win the war. It is a true indictment, and yet it is unjust simply to write off Lenin as a friend of Germany. He was as little that as he was a friend of the Allies. To him the whole war was an irrelevance; he saw it simply as a struggle of contending forces which were alike Imperialist and capitalist. He was for the proletariat in Russia and in every other country, and the only war that he favoured was the war of the proletariat on the bourgeois, the middle classes, the capitalists. Even the disruption of Russia itself and the anarchy prevailing there were small things to him if they brought the firm establishment of the social revolution in the one country whence it might, as he hoped, spread to neighbouring nations. Hence his famous declaration that Russia at all costs must have a "breathing-space" in order that, having established the "social revolution" within her own borders, she might grow strong enough to carry it abroad. He was an uncompromising fanatic, but he was by far the strongest and ablest man produced by the Russian Revolution.

[Lenin survived this assassination attempt, but it affected his long-term health. In 1922 he suffered a stroke, and he died in 1924. His body was embalmed and placed in a mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow.]

https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2011/sep/02/archive-lenin-reported-killed-1918
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