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14 mei

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mei 2006 10:29    Onderwerp: 14 mei Reageer met quote

May 14

1916 London Times article sparks “Shells Crisis”

On this day in 1916, a lead article in the Times of London proclaims that an insufficiency of munitions is leading to defeat for Britain on the battlefields of World War I. The article sparked a genuine crisis on the home front, forcing the Liberal government to give way to a coalition and prompting the creation of a Ministry of Munitions.

During the British army’s attacks at Aubers Ridge in the Artois region of France—led by Sir Douglas Haig as part of an ambitious dual offensive launched by the British and French on the Western Front on May 9, 1916—their artillery had been largely ineffective, with many of the shells fired proving defective and many others too light to cause serious damage. When the attacks failed to break the German lines, Sir John French, the British commander in chief, attempted to shift blame from the army to the government. French claimed that the army lacked sufficient supplies of high-explosive shells to use in its 18-pound field gun, and that this lack had led directly to the failure of Haig’s attacks at Aubers Ridge.

“NEED FOR SHELLS,” the Times headline blared on May 14, picking up on French’s claims. “BRITISH ATTACKS CHECKED – LIMITED SUPPLIES THE CAUSE.” The article quoted French and stated that “The attacks [at Aubers Ridge] were well planned and valiantly conducted. The infantry did splendidly, but the conditions were too hard. The want of an unlimited supply of high explosives was a fatal bar to our success.” Though French’s claims contradicted earlier statements made by Prime Minister Herbert Asquith, in a speech to munitions workers in Newcastle, they nonetheless set off a full-blown crisis and Asquith’s Liberal government, already under fire for its unsuccessful naval policy in the Dardanelles—in protest of which First Sea Lord John Arbuthnot “Jackie” Fisher, the man who had rebuilt the British navy in the years before the war and introduced the famous Dreadnought battleship, resigned on May 15—was forced to accept the formation of a coalition cabinet.

To address the shells question, a British Ministry of Munitions was formed, headed by David Lloyd George, a rising member of the Liberal Party who would, seven months later, replace the unpopular Asquith as prime minister. Over the course of 1915, the Ministry of Munitions would answer the army’s concerns with an increased emphasis on advanced weapons technology and the production of more powerful artillery, increasing British output of medium-caliber guns by 380 percent and that of heavy artillery by 1,200 percent.
www.historychannel.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mei 2006 10:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Großes Hauptquartier, 14. Mai. 1917
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht:
An der Küste, im Ypern- und Wytschaete-Bogen nahm die Artillerietätigkeit zeitweise zu.
Nachdem das starke Artilleriefeuer auf dem Kampffeld von Arras tagsüber stellenweise nachgelassen hatte, setzte es abends zwischen Lens und Quéant mit erneuter Heftigkeit ein. Englische Teilvorstöße bei Oppy und Famboux scheiterten. Die Kämpfe bei Bullecourt wurden mit Erbitterung fortgesetzt. In zähem Ringen behaupteten wir die Trümmerstätte des Dorfes gegen mehrere feindliche Angriffe.
In St. Quentin wird die Zerstörung durch Beschießung des Feindes täglich größer.
Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz:
An der Aisne-Front ist die Lage unverändert. In der Champagne erreichte der Artilleriekampf besonders zwischen Prunay und Auberive beträchtliche Stärke.
Der Feind verlor am gestrigen Tage 12 Flugzeuge und 1 Fesselballon. Leutnant Wolff schoß seinen 30., Leutnant Freiherr v. Richthofen seinen 24. Gegner ab.
Mazedonische Front:
Zwischen Prespasee und Wardar blieb die Artillerietätigkeit lebhaft. An einzelnen Stellen gegen unsere Linien vorgehender Feind wurde abgewiesen.

Der Erste Generalquartiermeister
Ludendorff. 1)

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Laatst aangepast door Yvonne op 14 Mei 2006 10:32, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mei 2006 10:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Französischer Angriff gegen Höhe 304 abgewiesen

Großes Hauptquartier, 14. Mai. 1916
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Ein Erkundungstrupp drang am Ploegsteertwald (nördlich Armentieres) in die feindliche zweite Linie ein, sprengte einen Minenschacht und kehrte mit 10 gefangenen Engländern zurück. In der Gegend von Givenchy-en-Gohelle fanden Minensprengungen in der englischen Stellung und für uns erfolgreiche Kämpfe um Graben und Trichter statt.
Auf dem westlichen Maasufer wurde ein gegen die Höhe 304 unternommener französischer Handgranatenangriff abgewiesen. Die gegenseitige Artillerietätigkeit auf beiden Maasufern war lebhaft.
Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Keine besonderen Ereignisse.
Balkankriegsschauplatz:
Feindliche Flieger, die auf Mirovica und Doiran Bomben abwarfen, wurden durch unser Abwehrfeuer vertrieben.

Oberste Heeresleitung. 1)


Ergebnis des U-Boot-Krieges im April

Berlin, 14. Mai.
U-Boot-Erfolge im Monat April 1916 sind: 96 feindliche Handelsschiffe mit rund 225000 Bruttoregistertonnen durch deutsche und österreichisch-ungarische Unterseeboote versenkt oder durch Minen verloren gegangen.

Der Chef des Admiralstabs der Marine.


Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Vergeblicher italienischer Angriff bei San Martino

Wien, 14. Mai.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Russischer und südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Nichts von Bedeutung.
Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Auf der Hochfläche von Doberdo wurde nachts ein heftiger Handgranatenangriff der Italiener westlich von San Martino nach hartnäckigem Kampf abgewiesen. Sonst war die Gefechtstätigkeit gering.

Der Stellvertreter des Chefs des Generalstabes
v. Hoefer, Feldmarschalleutnant. 1)



Der türkische Heeresbericht:

Konstantinopel, 14. Mai.
An der Kaukasusfront unbedeutender Feuerkampf in einigen Abschnitten.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 17:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Militaire luchtvaart in Nederland 1914-1920

In januari 1918 meldde de gezant in Parijs dat de mogelijkheid bestond in Frankrijk toestellen te kopen die eigenlijk voor Rusland bestemd waren. Het betrof Sopwith toestellen met Rhône of Clerget motoren. Walaardt Sacré wilde het wel proberen maar Snijders niet. Hij had genoeg van de lange levertijden en zette zijn kaarten op Duitsland waar immers in 1917 goede ervaringen waren opgedaan.[57] In maart 1918 vertrok Versteegh dan ook opnieuw naar Berlijn om 24 Rumpler toestellen te kopen die ook geschikt waren voor luchtfotografie en draadloze radiotelegrafie. In augustus bleken ze goed te voldoen en kon de levering plaatsvinden. Naast geld verlangden de Duitsers ook paarden als betaling, maar dat ging niet door. Eind oktober waren er veertig geleverd, met Spandau en Parabellum mitrailleurs en met munitie.

Deze toestellen zouden direct na de oorlog in opspraak komen vanwege een relatief groot aantal crashes. Zo kwamen de vliegers Duinker en C. Land (1888-1919) op respectievelijk 14 mei en 1 november 1919 om het leven. Prins Hendrik was gelukkiger geweest, zijn vlucht in een Rumpler, met Van Heyst aan de stuurknuppel, liep op 6 juni 1918 wel goed af. Het liberale lid van de Tweede Kamer Alibert Cornelis Visser van Yzendoorn (1858-1924) verweet de LVA aankoop van ondeugdelijk materieel. Walaardt Sacré bestreed dit. Al waren de Rumplers niet de allermodernste, het was wel het beste wat toen voor aankoop beschikbaar was. In 1919 bleven de toestellen grotendeels aan de grond, een commissie met de Delftse hoogleraar Meyer en majoor G.B. Noothoven van Goor onderzocht de zaak in 1920. Ze werden uiteindelijk vervangen door de Fokker C VIII.

Mooi artikel van Klinkert op http://www.ssew.nl/militaire-luchtvaart-nederland-1914-1920
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 17:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Butte de Vauquois

De tunnelbouw was voor de gravers een levensbedreigend karwei omdat altijd de kans bestond dat de tegenstander een springlading tot ontploffing bracht terwijl ze zelf nog ondergronds waren. Als dat gebeurde zaten de soldaten als ratten in de val en werden ze bedolven onder tonnen puin zonder enige kans op ontsnapping. Regelmatig werd dan ook het werk onderbroken om met luisterapparatuur te horen of de tegenstanders nog bezig waren. Zolang er nog geluid te horen was liep men nog geen gevaar. Soms gebeurde het dat de soldaten, al of niet opzettelijk, in elkanders gangen terechtkwamen en dan ontstonden er diep onder de grond in nauwe ruimtes verbeten gevechten, uitgevochten met messen, scheppen en blote handen. Er zijn ook verhalen van de Butte de Vauquois bekend dat na 1916, toen het wat rustiger werd, de soldaten elkaar over en weer waarschuwden als er een explosie zou plaatsvinden: 'Aufgepast, heute Abend.....Bum!!'.

Onder de heuvel van Vauquois werd een gruwelijke mijnenoorlog uitgevochten: tijdens de oorlog zijn er 519 explosies geteld (199 aan de Duitse kant en 320 aan Franse zijde). De mijnen werden dieper en dieper met steeds grotere ladingen explosieven. Op 14 mei 1916 lieten de Duitsers een mijn van naar schatting 60 ton exploderen waarbij 108 slachtoffers vielen en de gehele westkant van de heuvel werd weggeslagen. Het was een strijd die uitsluitend was gericht op wederzijdse vernietiging zonder dat er uitzicht bestond op een doorbraak van de linies.

http://www.meuse-ardennes.com/vauqois.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 17:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1915)

14 mei 1915 - Jules Louis De Bussche, geboren in Nieuwpoort en wonende in Hasselt, hield zich in Baarle-Hertog bezig met het aanwerven van metaalbewerkers voor Frankrijk. (Gemeentearchief Baarle-Hertog; burgemeester aan consulaat-generaal in Vlissingen, 2.073.564 Register van Briefwisseling)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=188:06-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1915&catid=90:oorlog&Itemid=118
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 17:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Maritieme kalender

Welke maritieme gebeurtenissen vonden plaats op welke dag of in welke maand?

14 mei 1915 - Het ss. 'Tjimahi' (1903) van de Java-China-Japan Lijn, op weg van Hongkong naar Java, loopt op een rif bij de Paracels Eilanden en gaat daarbij verloren. De bemanning kan hierbij worden gered. Bron: scheepsrampen koopvaardij 1855 - 1991

14 mei 1916 - Het vrachtschip ss. 'Prins Hendrik' van de Stoomvaart Maatschappij 'Zeeland' brengt 40 in Engeland geinterneerde Duitsers naar Vlissingen. Bron: L.L. von Münching: 'De Nederlandse koopvaardij in de oorlogsmaanden van 1916' in: 'DBW' jrg.56 nr. 10 (2001).

http://www.scheepvaartmuseum.nl/collectie/maritieme-kalender?j=&m=5&d=14
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 17:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Aimé Behaeghe

Was op 14 mei 1916 de eerste piloot die vloog in Centraal Afrika, namelijk bij het Tanganikameer in Congo. Hij bombardeerde op 10 juni de grote Duitse boot 'Graf von Götzen' waarna de Belgen heer en meester werden van het meer, dat een lengte heeft van tweemaal de grootste diameter van België.
Hij bombardeerde op 17, 18, 19 en 23 juli de stad Kigoma op de 'Duitse' oever, dan samen met een tweede vliegtuig. Toen daarna ook het Belgisch landleger de stad naderde, trokken de Duitsers zich uit Kigoma terug en werd de stad zonder strijd ingenomen.
Aimé Behaeghe stierf evenwel aan dysenterie in een hospitaal te Niemba, Katanga, op 3 dec 1916, in volle voorbereiding op terugkeer naar België.

http://www.dewielersite.net/db2/wielersite/coureurfiche.php?coureurid=11237
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 17:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Rumpler C.VIII

Het was 1915, het tweede jaar van de Eerste Wereldoorlog. In Frankrijk waren Caudrons en Nieuports besteld, die de al bestelde Farmans moesten aanvullen. Deze stoere tweepersoons tweedekkers vlogen elke dag trouw hun rondjes, maar het was iedereen duidelijk dat deze toestellen schril afstaken tegen de luchtmachten in de strijdende landen om ons heen. Ook de bestelde Caudrons en Nieuports vulden dat gat nauwelijks. Toen de aflevering door transportproblemen ook nog eens vertraging opliep, was het duidelijk dat elders gezocht moest worden naar een oplossing.

In de zomer van 1917 maakte lt. Duinker een dienstreis naar Duitsland. Hij gaf daarbij zijn ogen goed de kost. Bij Fokker ontdekte hij de Fokker D.III jager en toen bleek dat de Duitsers geen bezwaar hadden tegen levering van dit toestel, werden ze besteld. Al op 1 oktober 1917 kwamen deze in Nederland aan. Ook bij Rumpler kon een bestelling worden gedaan op een serie van 40 Rumpler C.VIII toestellen. Op 7 maart 1918 ging lt. Versteegh naar de Rumpler-Werke te Johannistal toe om de toestellen twee weken lang te beproeven.

De eerste serie van 8 toestellen kwam aan op Soesterberg op 25 april. De volgende 19 op 21 augustus, gevolgd door de laatste 13 stuks op 25 september. De toestellen ontvingen de registraties R417 tot R424 (eerste serie), en R447 tot R478 (tweede en derde serie). In november werd er kort een vliegverbod opgelegd, in verband met vermeende sabotageacties. Wat niet zo bleek te zijn, waarna het verbod na vier dagen werd opgeheven.

In mei 1919 werd er in Kopenhagen een luchtvaarttentoonstelling georganiseerd. Daarvoor werden twee Rumpler toestellen klaar gemaakt en twee bemanningen uitgekozen om deze, voor die tijd enorme afstand, te overbruggen. De R458 werd bemand door lt.vl. van Voorthuizen en kapt. waarn. de Brouw. De R462 door lt.vl. Duinker en lt. waarn. Perk. De laatste stortte op 14 mei 1919 neer. Bijzonder tragisch, als je bedenkt dat lt.vl. Duinker de toestellen aanbeval. Op 24 november 1919 vloog een Rumpler tijdens de vlucht in de brand. Vliegers waren lt. Land en lt. van Dijk. Zij kwamen beiden om het leven. De maat was vol; er volgde een vliegverbod:

Er werd een onderzoek ingesteld. Er werden Kamervragen gesteld, en de verantwoordelijke Minister van Oorlog zou erachteraan gaan: "De intertijd door mijn ambtsvoorganger ingestelde commissie van onderzoek naar de bruikbaarheid en betrouwbaarheid der Rumpler-vliegtuigen heeft inderdaad haar rapport aan mij uitgebracht. De conclusies, waartoe de commissie nu gekomen is, wensch ik nog nader te overwegen; nadat ik een beslissing ter zake zal hebben genomen, ben ik bereid de resultaten van het Onderzoek aan de Tweede Kamer meede te delen."

De resultaten werden in maart 1921 door de Minister vrijgegeven. In het kort kwam het neer op het snel in de brand vliegen van de motor, en dat op de meest ongelegen momenten. De minister voegde eraan toe, dat de aankoop van de Rumpler C.VIII toestellen niet ondoordacht was geschiedt. Hij voegde eraan toe dat er weinig keus was, maar dat er evengoed was gekeken naar de betrouwbaarheid etc. En die was op dat moment (zomer 1917) goed. De ervaren vliegers konden goed met het toestel overweg, en vonden het geen vervelend toestel. De jongere, minder ervaren vliegers, waren veel minder over het toestel te spreken door onder andere de koplastigheid van de kist.

De uitkomst van dit onderzoek was de doodssteek voor het gebruik van de Rumplers. Alle toestellen werden vanaf maart 1921 van de sterkte afgevoerd. Blijkens een bericht door de minister van Oorlog aan de Tweede Kamer, zouden de toestellen niet meer worden gebruikt om mee te vliegen. Voor zover ze niet aan andere doeleinden konden worden aangewend, zouden ze worden vernietigd met gebruikmaking van onderdelen enz.

Nog in 1935 waren restanten van een Rumpler te vinden bij de Eerste Zaanse ZC, waar het toestel werd gebruikt als grondtrainingstoestel, of roltoestel.

Mooie site, mooie foto's... http://www.lva-40.nl/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=73&Itemid=78
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 18:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Percy Toplis @ 13 Mei 2010 18:09 schreef:
Butte de Vauquois

De tunnelbouw was voor de gravers een levensbedreigend karwei omdat altijd de kans bestond dat de tegenstander een springlading tot ontploffing bracht terwijl ze zelf nog ondergronds waren. Als dat gebeurde zaten de soldaten als ratten in de val en werden ze bedolven onder tonnen puin zonder enige kans op ontsnapping. Regelmatig werd dan ook het werk onderbroken om met luisterapparatuur te horen of de tegenstanders nog bezig waren. Zolang er nog geluid te horen was liep men nog geen gevaar. Soms gebeurde het dat de soldaten, al of niet opzettelijk, in elkanders gangen terechtkwamen en dan ontstonden er diep onder de grond in nauwe ruimtes verbeten gevechten, uitgevochten met messen, scheppen en blote handen. Er zijn ook verhalen van de Butte de Vauquois bekend dat na 1916, toen het wat rustiger werd, de soldaten elkaar over en weer waarschuwden als er een explosie zou plaatsvinden: 'Aufgepast, heute Abend.....Bum!!'.

Onder de heuvel van Vauquois werd een gruwelijke mijnenoorlog uitgevochten: tijdens de oorlog zijn er 519 explosies geteld (199 aan de Duitse kant en 320 aan Franse zijde). De mijnen werden dieper en dieper met steeds grotere ladingen explosieven. Op 14 mei 1916 lieten de Duitsers een mijn van naar schatting 60 ton exploderen waarbij 108 slachtoffers vielen en de gehele westkant van de heuvel werd weggeslagen. Het was een strijd die uitsluitend was gericht op wederzijdse vernietiging zonder dat er uitzicht bestond op een doorbraak van de linies.

http://www.meuse-ardennes.com/vauqois.html


http://forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/wiki/index.php/Mijnenslag_om_Vauquois
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 18:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

14 May 1914 - Greeks compelled to abandon their homes

In a telegram sent to the Governor of Smyrna, Mehmet Talat Pasha gives orders for the Greeks living on the coast of Asia Minor to be: "compelled to abandon their homes and be transported to the provinces of Erzerum, Erzincan and elsewhere".

"If they refuse to evacuate their districts, give instructions to our Muslim brothers to force them using, toward this end, every means and every kind of deviation," the telegram says. "The Hellenes (Greeks) must also be compelled to sign declarations, in which they state that they leave and abandon their homes of their own will and initiative. These declarations are necessary so as political issues will not be created."

Mehmet Talât Pasha, 14 May 1914

http://may19.net/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=86&Itemid=44
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 18:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Battle of Otranto Straits, 1917

Having mounted a series of ongoing assaults upon the Allied Otranto Barrage* in the Mediterranean - usually whenever one of their submarines was lost to an unknown cause - the Austro-Hungarian Navy determined to launch a concerted attack on the night of 14/15 May 1917.

The attack, planned by then-Captain Miklos Horthy de Nagybanya, was led by three light cruisers (Novaro, Helgoland and Saida, initially disguised as destroyers so as not to overly alarm the Allies) and two destroyers and was specifically directed against the ill-defended Allied anti-submarine trawlers which comprised the Barrage.

Having set sail from the port of Cattaro the Austro-Hungarian initiative began with an attack against an Italian munitions ship and its accompanying destroyer, sinking both.

The three cruisers proceeded to sail along the Otranto Barrage at 3.30am sinking fourteen Allied patrol craft in the space of two hours, having first given their hopelessly outgunned crews an opportunity to take to their escape crafts. In addition to the fourteen trawlers sunk many others were severely damaged.

Having wrought the desired level of damage the Austro-Hungarian force turned around and sailed back towards Cattaro. In the interim however a combined British, French and Italian flotilla had been despatched post-haste from Brindisi in an attempt to cut off the Austro-Hungarians. The Allied force included two British Town Cruisers, Dartmouth and Bristol, together with four Italian destroyers and Aquila, the flotilla leader.

Having eventually caught up with the Austro-Hungarians at 7.45am on 15 May the resultant encounter, which on paper ought to have led to a clear-cut Allied victory, saw the Austro-Hungarians escape in the face of poor Allied tactics.

Aquila was disabled by Austro-Hungarian fire. During a high-speed chase two of the Allied destroyers suffered breakdowns and had to be left behind with escorts. Bristol meanwhile proved too slow for the chase with the consequence that only Dartmouth and two destroyers were left to pound the Austro-Hungarians from a distance, Novara being forced to a standstill.

However the Allied ships called off their pursuit once they detected the smoke of approaching Austro-Hungarian reinforcements at a distance. While returning Dartmouth was severely damaged via a German U-boat torpedo (U-25) and one of its accompanying destroyers was sunk by a mine.

As a consequence of the encounter the Italian naval Commander-in-Chief dismissed the Otranto Barrage as being essentially indefensible. The British disagreed but night-time patrols of the Barrage were nevertheless abandoned.

Success at the Otranto Straits brought Horthy much prestige; so much so that following the mutiny at Cattaro in March 1918, followed by the forced resignation of Admiral Njegovan, Horthy found himself promoted Rear Admiral and appointed Commander in Chief (Austria-Hungary's last) of the battlefleet over the heads of many more qualified officers.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/otrantostraits.htm

* The Otranto Barrage
The Otranto Barrage, designed by the Allies to prevent access by enemy submarines to the Mediterranean via the Adriatic, proved as much of a failure as the Northern Barrage which was subsequently established in the North Sea. Both were intended to prove as successful as the Dover Barrage, which was itself at best variable in its ability to impede enemy U-boat access.

Work on the barrage began in the autumn of 1915 and comprised a fleet of some 60 British trawlers - of which only around 20 were ever in use at any one time - deployed in a line stretching south-east some 100km across from Brindisi in Italy to Corfu on the Albanian coast.

Each trawler carried a series of so-called light steel indicator nets anchored to the sea bed at various depths and used to effectively capture enemy submarines by entanglement. British warships and aircraft patrolled either end of the 100km line.

Almost from the start the Otranto Barrage lacked sufficient anti-submarine resources as priorities elsewhere in the Mediterranean led to the diversion of manpower and materials. This resulted in clear gaps in the line through which German and Austrian U-boats, based at Cattaro, could (and did) slip.

Inexplicably the British continued to regard the Otranto Barrage as an effective deterrent to enemy submarines. In part this was because, as at Dover, unexplained enemy losses were typically (and incorrectly) put down to the barrage's defences. Only one submarine, the Austrian U-6, was in fact verifiably caught by the indicator nets in the the Barrage's first two years.

By this time trawler casualties - incurred during night-time Austrian raids, notably during the Battle of the Otranto Straits when three destroyers and two cruisers sank 14 patrol craft and severely damaged an Italian supply convoy - led the Allies to effectively abandon night patrols. The Italian naval Commander-in-Chief regarded the Otranto Barrage as essentially indefensible.

The subsequent provision of U.S. Navy trawlers in 1918 to bolster the number of trawlers across the line was designed to increase the barrage's efficiency; nevertheless enemy submarines continued to slip through.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/atoz/otrantobarrage.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 19:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

14 May 1914, Commons Sitting

KING'S REGULATIONS.


HC Deb 14 May 1914 vol 62 cc1289-90 1289

Major HOPE asked the Secretary of State for War whether he is aware that nearly every page of the 1912 edition of the King's Regulations has been amended by various subsequent Army Orders, and that consequently the price of a corrected copy is 17s. 6d.; and if he will state when he proposes issuing a new edition of the King's Regulations, and so enabling officers, non-commissioned officers and men to become acquainted with them at the reasonable cost of 1s. 6d., the published price of the book?

The UNDER-SECRETARY of STATE for WAR (Mr. Tennant) There have been numerous amendments, but it is not, I think, the case that nearly every page has been altered in some respect. Amendment slips are supplied free and copies of the book, together with all the amendments which have been reprinted, can be bought from the Stationery Office or its agents at the original published price. It is recognised, however, that the accumulation of unincorporated amendments should have limits, and a new edition of the King's Regulations is in course of being produced.

Major HOPE How long is the "course of production" likely to be?

Mr. TENNANT It is not a short process, as no doubt the hon. Member is aware. When I say "in course of being produced," I do not mean that it is in the hands of the printers; but I hope that the new edition will be out some time early next year.

Major HOPE Can the hon. Gentleman tell me where I can get a corrected copy for less than 17s. 6d.?

Mr. TENNANT I will give the hon. and gallant Gentleman such information as I have on that point.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1914/may/14/kings-regulations
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 19:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Het papieren gevaar. Verzamelde geschriften (1917-1947) - Willem Pijper

Beethoven-avond - Frederic Lamond - 14 mei 1917
Iemand - ik meen dat het Hans von Bülow was - sprak eens van Beethovens sonates als van het Nieuwe Testament van de musicus - het Oude Testament werd dan, vanuit dit standpunt bezien, Bachs Wohltemperiertes Klavier.
Er is ook tegenwoordig nog veel van waar! Men onderschatte Beethovens betekenis als klaviercomponist niet. Evengoed als de negen symfonieën eigendom van alle tijden en alle volken zijn geworden, is dit met de pianosonates het geval. Beethoven zegt hierin niets dat toentertijd al beter gezegd was, niets dat in de loop der tijden verouderd is gaan klinken, niets dat onze belangstelling niet meer waard is.

Lees verder op https://www.dbnl.org/tekst/pijp004papi01_01/pijp004papi01_01_0012.php
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 14 Mei 2019 13:59, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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Mothers Day Proclamation 1916

During the last fifty years the American home has undergone little less than a revolution. Science and invention have wrought marvelous changes in our economic and industrial conditions. Some of these changes have a tendency to destroy the unity of home interests. Time and distance have been annihilated. Home permanence has in a large measure been destroyed. The responsibilities of the mother have been increased. She finds it impossible to keep her flock together; she finds her task inspiring and directing her children more and more difficult. She must, therefore, do her greatest work when her children are "little tots", when they are most responsive to the tenderest and wisest suggestions. American mothers recognize this necessity, and are making holy sacrifices to this end.

The mothers of every country are more important than armies and munitions of war. The mothers are the source of civilization. To our mothers we owe our patriotism, our religion, our holiest aspirations. It is especially fitting in the year nineteen sixteen that we pay tribute to the Mothers of America. Let the boys and girls and the "grown-ups", who are away from home on Mothers' Day, write a letter of gratitude to Mother. "Let those who are home meet Mother with a smile, a kiss, and a handful of flowers. Recite to her the prayer she taught you at the bedside."

Therefore, I, Woodbridge N. Ferris, ask that the people of Michigan set apart the second Sunday in May (the 14th) as Mothers' Day. In obedience to a Resolution by the United States Congress, I ask the people of Michigan to display on this day the United States flag on all government and public buildings, at their homes or other suitable places, "as a public expression of their love and reverence for the Mothers of our country". As far as possible let parents in their homes and both young and old in public meetings discuss the time of Mother with that enthusiasm and sincerity which characterizes all loyal Americans.

Mothers Day Proclamation. Addresses and Writings, Box 6. Woodbridge N. Ferris Papers. University Archives. Ferris State University. http://www.ferris.edu/library/SpecCollections/WNF/writings/MothersDayProclamation1916.html
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World Aviation in 1915

14 May - The United States Navy (USN) orders it's first airship from the Connecticut Aircraft Company.

http://www.century-of-flight.net/Aviation%20history/aviation%20timeline/1915.htm
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Letters from Viv

14 May 1917

Dear Percy,

I rode over to look Bert up the day before yesterday and was informed when I found his batt that he had been killed on 5th instant in the Hindenburg Line E of B – where we had got in and where Bert’s lot had relieved us. After several counter attacks had been beaten off, the captured position was very heavily shelled and in this shelling Bert crossed over. Death was instantaneous, so he felt no pain and knew nothing of the terror of approaching the brink. I am sending his few personal effects, very few, home, registered to make sure, but even now I can hardly realise the fact. It seems hard, but God’s ways are not to be read by us and we can only wait in patience the working out of His will.

He was buried in the trench where he fell. The map reference is France. Sheet 51B. SW.1/20.000. U23C 4 Ľ . 2 ˝ . I am writing to Vernie, Home, Elsie & Mrs. Morgan. Will you write to Mum as soon as you get this? I cabled Clytie and she will probably get it about the same time as the official notification gets home. This note is short & may seem strange but I can’t write any more just now. God’s Will be done. In deepest sorrow & sympathy. Viv.

http://smythe.id.au/letters/viv_16.htm
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Aircraft accident 14-MAY-1917 Zeppelin LZ.64 L.22

Date: 14-MAY-1917
Type: Zeppelin LZ.64
Operator: Heer
Registration: L.22
C/n / msn: LZ64
Airplane damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location: Terschelling - Netherlands
Nature: Military
Narrative: LZ-64 participated in 30 reconnaissance missions and eight attacks on England, dropping 9,215 kg of bombs. She was destroyed by a British Curtis H12 Flying Boat near Terschelling on 14 May 1917 during a reconnaissance mission.

http://aviation-safety.net/wikibase/wiki.php?id=893
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 20:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Alexander Kerenski on Military and Civil Unrest in Russia, 14 May 1917

Reproduced below is the text of an address given by the post-February Revolution Minister of Justice, Alexander Kerenski, on 14 May 1917.

In his address Kerenski openly expressed his fear that the Russian Army was on the verge of disintegrating. He argued that while Russia's military allies - including Britain, France, Italy and the U.S.A. - were continuing to fight successfully on their various fronts, Russia should likewise continue its fight on the Eastern Front, described by Kerenski as the "Allied Front".

He concluded his address by warning that the fate of the country lay in his hearer's hands, "and it is in most extreme danger".

Alexander Kerenski on Military and Civil Unrest in Russia, 14 May 1917

I came to you because my strength is at an end.

I no longer feel my former courage, nor have my former conviction that we are conscientious citizens, not slaves in revolt. I am sorry I did not die two months ago, when the dream of a new life was growing in the hearts of the Russian people, when I was sure the country could govern itself without the whip.

As affairs are going now, it will be impossible to save the country. Perhaps the time is near when we will have to tell you that we can no longer give you the amount of bread you expect or other supplies on which you have a right to count. The process of the change from slavery to freedom is not going on properly. We have tasted freedom and are slightly intoxicated. What we need is sobriety and discipline.

You could suffer and be silent for ten years, and obey the orders of a hated Government. You could even fire upon your own people when commanded to do so. Can you now suffer no longer?

We hear it said that we no longer need the front because they are fraternizing there. But are they fraternizing on all the fronts? Are they fraternizing on the French front? No, comrades, if you are going to fraternize, then fraternize everywhere. Are not enemy forces being thrown over on to the Anglo-French front, and is not the Anglo-French advance already stopped? There is no such thing as a "Russian front," there is only one general allied front.

We are marching toward peace and I should not be in the ranks of the Provisional Government if the ending of the war were not the aim of the whole Provisional Government; but if we are going to propose new war aims we must see we are respected by friend as well as by foe.

If the tragedy and desperateness of the situation are not realized by all in our State, if our organization does not work like a machine, then all our dreams of liberty, all our ideals, will be thrown back for decades and maybe will be drowned in blood.

Beware! The time has now come when every one in the depth of his conscience must reflect where he is going and where he is leading others who were held in ignorance by the old regime and still regard every printed word as law.

The fate of the country is in your hands, and it is in most extreme danger. History must be able to say of us, "They died, but they were never slaves."

Source Records of the Great War, Vol. V, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923, http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/russia_kerenski.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 21:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

World War I Casualty Lists - May 14, 1918

Major, 2 Captains and 6 Lieutenants Listed in 72 Casualties Cabled by Gen. Pershing

Washington, May 14. - The War Department today made public a list of 72 casualties in the American army abroad, bringing the total from the beginning to 5,561. The list contains the names of 14 killed in action, 7 died of wounds, 3 died of disease, 21 slightly wounded, and 27 missing in action.

Nine commissioned officers are named in the list. Major John L. Haskins, Captain Michael J. O'Connor, and Lieutenants Edward M. Guild, William A. Murphy, and Ray E. Smith were slightly wounded. Captain Lloyd B. Russell and Lieutenants Herbert Boyer and Stephen E. Fitzgerald were killed in action. Lieutenant Benjamin C. Byrd is missing in action.

Lees verder op http://distantcousin.com/military/wwi/nytcasualties/1918/may/14.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 21:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Garo Labour Companies 1914-1918

The Fallen of the 69th and 84th Garo Labour Companies
The memorial in Tura, Meghalaya, lists the names of 55 men who died in the service of their King Emperor. Most died in France, a handful in Italy and, as a 2007 report in The Shillong Times noted, some en route. The names of the fallen - plus basic details from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) website where known, are recorded below.

Wherever possible I shall add photos of the men's graves. My grateful thanks to the energetic and idefatigable Bob Pike of Essex for visiting many of the cemeteries in France and Malta where the Garo labourers lie and also for locating many additional Garo Labourers on the CWGC database. All the links to grave photographs on this page are as a result of Bob's hard efforts.

The Tura Memorial
Jita Areng is almost certainly 28 Labourer Tito Areng (as recorded by the CWGC). He died on 15th June 1918 and is buried at Mazarques War Cemetery, Marseilles.

4287 Labourer Bangalsing Garo of the 69th GLC is remembered by the CWGC as Bangal Sing Garo. He died on 14th May 1918 and is buried at Mazarques War Cemetery, Marseilles. He was the son of Dojin Garo of Chocholja, Goalpara, Assam.

Interessante site. Lees verder op http://www.freewebs.com/garolabourcompanies/thefallen.htm
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IN HAC TANTA (On St. Boniface) - Pope Benedict XV

Encyclical of Pope Benedict XV promulgated on 14 May 1919.

To his eminence Cardinal Hartmann, archbishop of Cologne, and to the other archbishops of Germany.

Beloved Son and Venerable Brothers, Greetings and Apostolic Blessing.

1. We are in the midst of many trials and difficulties "and besides the other sufferings, there is my constant daily concern, for all the churches,"1 to use the words of the Apostle. We have closely followed those unexpected events, those manifestations of disorder and of anarchy which have recently occurred among you and among neighboring countries. They continue to hold us in suspense.

2. In these dark times, the memory of St. Boniface, who brought salvation to Germany twelve centuries ago, is a ray of light and a messenger of hope and joy. We commemorate the ancient union of the German people with the Apostolic See. This union planted the first seeds of faith in your country and helped them grow. After the Roman See entrusted Boniface with this legation, he ennobled it by the exceptional glory of his deeds and, finally, by the blood of martyrdom.

3. Now twelve centuries later, we think you should plan as many celebrations as possible to commemorate this new era of Christian civilization. This era was begun by the mission and the preaching of Boniface, and then carried forth by his disciples and successors. From these came the salvation and the prosperity of Germany.

4. Another purpose of the celebrations is to perfect the present and to reestablish religious unity and peace for the future. These are the greatest goods and they come only from Christ who charged the Church with preserving, spreading, and defending Christian faith and charity. Thus, it is necessary for the Apostolic See to be united with the faithful. Boniface was the perfect herald and the model of such unity. This led to close, friendly relationships between the Roman See and your nation. While celebrating this unity and this perfect accord, we fervently desire to see them reestablished among all peoples so that "Christ might be all in all."2

5. We joyfully recall those things recorded so faithfully by the writers of that distant period. Among them the bishop Willibald, Boniface's contemporary, who narrated the virtues and deeds of this saintly man and described the beginnings of his mission to the German people. He had devoted himself to the religious life since his youth in Germany, and he experienced the dangers of the apostolic life among barbarian peoples. Thus he understood that he would reap no lasting fruit without the consent and approval of the Apostolic See and unless he received his mission and mandate from it.

6. After having laid aside the title of abbot, he bid farewell to the monks, his brothers, despite their insistence and their tears. He left and travelled by land across many countries and by the unknown routes of the sea, happily reaching the See of the Apostle Peter. There he addressed the venerable pope, Gregory II, "recounted his voyage to him, his reason for coming, and the desire which tormented him for such a long time." The holy pope, "face smiling and eyes filled with goodness," embraced the saint. He did not speak to him only one time but "every day he had important discussions with him."3 Finally, in the grandest language and with official letters, he conferred on him the mission of preaching the Gospel to the German people.

7. In these letters,4 the pope explained the purpose and the importance of the mandate more clearly than the writers of that period who spoke of the mission "from the Apostolic See" or "of the Apostolic Pontiff." The terms he used are so grave and authoritative that we can scarcely find any more expressive: "The intended goal of your religious zeal and your proven faith have become manifest to us. They are such that they compel us to use you as a co-minister to spread the divine word which the grace of God confided to us." Then he praised his knowledge, his character, and his project. By the supreme authority of the Apostolic See which Boniface himself invoked, he solemnly concluded: "Therefore, in the name of the indivisible trinity and by the unshaken authority of Saint Peter, we affirm the purity of your faith and command that, by the grace and under the protection of God . . . you hurry to these people who are in error. Teach them about the service of the kingdom of God by acquainting them with the name of Christ, our Lord." Finally he warned him to maintain the rules of the Holy See concerning rites in his administration of the sacraments and to have recourse to the pope at any time. From this solemn letter, who would not recognize the good will and affection of the holy pope, and his paternal care toward the Germans to whom he sent one who was so dear to him?

8. His perception of his mission and his love for Christ continually urged this holy apostle to action. It consoled him in his afflictions, raised him in his discouragements, and inspired him with confidence when he despaired of his strength. It was evident right from his arrival in Phrygia and in Thuringia when, according to a writer of that period: "following the command of the pope, he spoke of religion to the senators and to the heads of the people and showed them the true way of knowledge and the clear light of understanding."5 His zeal kept him from laziness and prevented him from even thinking about rest or staying in one place as in a peaceful harbor. It spurred him to undertake difficulties and the most humble work solely to obtain or to increase the glory of God and the salvation of souls.

9. Right from the beginning of his mission, he communicated with the Holy See via letters and messengers. In this way "he made known to the venerable apostolic father everything which the grace of God accomplished by his means," and he "sought advice for the Holy See in matters which concerned the daily needs of the Church of God and of the people's welfare."6

10. Boniface was outstanding in his unique sense of devotion. When he was an old man he revealed this quality to Pope Zachary in a letter: "With the consent and by the order of Pope Gregory I bound myself by a vow to live in intimate relationship with and at the service of the Apostolic See almost thirty years ago. I would always let the pope know both my joys and my sorrows. This way we could praise God together in happiness, and I could receive the strength of his advice in times of sadness."7

11. We find here and there pairs of documents which attest to the uninterrupted exchange of letters and the remarkable agreement of wills between this valiant preacher and the Holy See, an agreement continued by four successive popes. The popes always helped and favored him. Boniface, on his part, neglected nothing, and abandoned none of his zeal nor efforts to fulfill the mission he received from the popes he venerated and loved as a son.

12. Pope Gregory, noting Boniface's achievements, decided to confer the highest rank of the priesthood on him and to elevate him to the episcopacy of the whole province of Germany. Boniface, who had earlier resisted this honor from his dear friend Willibald "accepted and obeyed because he did not dare oppose the desire of such a great pope."8 The pope added to this great honor another special favor worthy of note to German posterity when he awarded the friendship of the Holy See to Boniface and to all his subjects forever. Gregory had already given proof of this friendship when he wrote to kings, to princes, to bishops, to abbots, to all the clergy, and to the people, whether they were barbarians or recent converts. He invited them "to give their approval and their co-operation to such a great servant of God, sent by the Catholic and Apostolic Church to enlighten the nations."9

13. This special friendship between Boniface and the Holy See was confirmed by the next pope, Gregory III, when Boniface sent messengers to him on the occasion of his election. "The messengers demonstrated to the new pope the pact of friendship between his predecessor and Boniface and his companions" and "the messengers assured him that he could depend on his humble servant in the future." Finally, they asked "just as they had been instructed, that the pope's subject might again benefit from friendship and union with the holy pope and the Apostolic See."[10] The pope received the messengers favorably and gave them new honors for Boniface, among them "the pallium of the archiepiscopate. Then he sent them back to their own country laden with gifts and relics of saints."

14. We can hardly recount "the gratitude of this apostle for these signs of affection nor express the comfort which the pope's esteem brought him. Inspired by the power of divine mercy"11 the saintly man received the strength and the heart to undertake the greatest and most difficult things: to build new churches, hospitals, monasteries, and strongholds; to travel to new countries preaching the gospel; to establish new dioceses and to reform old ones, removing the vices, the schisms, and the errors; to sow everywhere true dogma and virtues, the seeds of Christian faith and life; and even to civilize barbaric peoples made savage by inhumanity. This he achieved by using pious disciples and many persons summoned from England.

15. Although already ennobled by remarkable and holy works, and despite attacks, misfortunes, worries, and advancing age, he did not give way to pride nor to the love of leisure. He always kept in mind his mission and the orders of the pope. Thus, "because of his intimate union with the pope and all the clergy, he came to Rome a third time in the company of his disciples to speak with the Apostolic Father and to recommend himself to the prayers of the saints because he was already advanced in years."12 Again this time the pope received him graciously and again "showered him with gifts and relics of the saints." The pope also gave him precious and important letters of recommendation some of which have come down to us.

16. The two Gregories were succeeded by Zachary, heir to their pontificates and to their concern for the Germans and their apostle. Not content to renew the ancient union, he increased it by showing more confidence and good will toward Boniface. Boniface acted the same way toward Zachary, as the number of messengers and of friendly letters which were exchanged show us. Among other things, which would be too lengthy to recall, the pope addressed his representative in these friendly terms: "Beloved brother, know that we cherish you to the point of wanting to have you with us every day, to be our associate, as a minister of God, and steward of the Churches of Christ.13 It was therefore appropriate that the apostle of Germany wrote a few years before his death to Pope Stephen, Zachary's successor: "The disciple of the Roman Church resolutely asks from the bottom of his heart friendship and union with the Holy See."14

17. Moved by a very strong faith and burning with love and piety, Boniface seems to have drawn his unique and faithful union to the Holy See first from the contemplative life of monasticism in his own country. Later, when he was about to undertake the difficulties of the apostolic life, he promised this fidelity at Rome by an oath at the tomb of Saint Peter, prince of the apostles. He exhibited this fidelity in the midst of dangers and struggles as the mark of his apostleship and the rule of his mission. He never relented from recommending this fidelity to all those for whom he was a father in Christ. In fact, he was so diligent that it seemed he desired to leave it to them as an inheritance.

18. Thus, advanced in years and worn out by his work, he spoke of himself very humbly: "I am the least and the worst of the representatives which the Roman Catholic and Apostolic Church sent to preach the Gospel."15 But he held this Roman mission in high esteem and he enjoyed calling himself "the German representative of the Holy Roman Church." He wanted to be the devoted servant of the popes, and their humble and obedient disciple.

19. He fixed deeply in his mind and scrupulously observed what the martyr Cyprian, the witness of the ancient tradition of the Church, affirmed: "there is one God and one Christ; There is one Church and one founded on Peter by the word of the Lord."16 That is what the great Doctor of the Church Ambrose also preached: "Where Peter is, there is the Church. Where the Church is, there is no death but life eternal."17 Finally Jerome very wisely taught: "The welfare of the Church depends on the dignity of the papacy. If we do not give the pope sovereign and independent power, there will be as many schisms in the Church as there are priests."18

20. The tragic history of old discords proves this to us. The evils which came from them confirms it. It is of little benefit to recall those evils at the present time when we are burdened with new disasters and bloody massacres. We should deplore them all and leave them in eternal oblivion if possible.

21. Rather let us celebrate the ancient unity which bound Boniface, the first apostle of Germany, and the Germans themselves to the Holy See. His mission was the source of faith, of prosperity, and of civilization for the Germans. We could recall many other worthwhile details; but we have said enough-maybe even too much-for it is so well-known that a long speech filled with proof is not necessary. We enjoyed sharing these old memories with you in order to gather consolation to bear the present more courageously. We are strengthened by the hope of future unity and of attachment to the Church in "the fullness of peace and the bounds of charity."

22. It is pleasant for us to recall the examples and the remarkable virtues of Boniface, and especially the friendship and unity which we wanted to celebrate in this letter. Yes, he lives among you; indeed he lives in glory. He lives as "the representative of the Roman Catholic Church for Germany." He still performs his mission by his prayers, his example, and the memory of his works by which "he who is dead still speaks." He as a faithful prophet and herald of Our Lord and Savior Jesus, seems to exhort and invite his people to unity with the Roman Church. Christ himself beseeches his people "to be one."

23. He invites the faithful disciples to cling to the Church more closely and more lovingly. He invites those who have separated from unity to return to the Church after abandoning the old hatreds, rivalries, and prejudices. He invites all the faithful of Christ, old and new, to persevere in the unity of faith and wills. From this unity divine charity and the harmony of human society will flourish.

24. Who would not listen to this invitation and this exhortation of the Holy Father? Who would despise this paternal teaching, these examples, these words? For, to borrow the words of an ancient writer, your compatriot, whose words are so clear and so appropriate at the time you celebrate the centenary of the mission of Boniface in your country: "If, according to the Apostle, we have had for teachers our fathers in the flesh and if we honored them, should we not obey all the more our spiritual fathers? It is not only God who is our spiritual father but also all those whose wisdom and example teach us the truth and arouse us to cling strongly to the faith. Abraham is called the father of all believers because of his faith and obedience which are an example for all; in the same way Saint Boniface can be called the father of the Germans because he led them to Christ by his preaching, confirmed them by his example, and offered his life for them, thus giving them the greatest proof of love anybody can show."19

25. Boniface did not limit his astounding charity to Germany, but rather embraced all peoples, even those who were enemies of one another. The apostle of Germany thus charitably embraced the neighboring nation of the Franks. He became their prudent reformer and his companions, "descendants of the English race," upon whom "he, their countryman, the representative of the universal Church and the servant of the Holy See" conferred the task of extending the Catholic faith. This faith was first announced to the English by the representatives of Saint Gregory the Great, who were sent to establish it among the Saxons and the peoples of the same race. Boniface recommended to his countrymen to preserve "the unity of love."20

26. Because charity - to use again the words of the same writer we praised above - "is the beginning and the end of all good things, may we also let it outline the boundaries of our actions,"21 beloved son and venerable brothers. We long for the day when the rights of Almighty God and of the Church, their laws, their worship and their authority will be restored in this troubled world. We hope that then Christian charity will end wars and furious hatreds, dissensions, schisms, and the errors which crawl everywhere. May it link the peoples by a more stable treaty than the transient pacts of men. Its special means toward this goal are the unity of faith and the ancient union with the Holy See. This Holy See was established by Christ as the foundation of his family on earth and was consecrated by the virtues, the wisdom, the efforts of so many saints and martyrs, such as Boniface.

27. Once this unity of faith and hearts is established throughout the world, what Pope Clement wrote to the Corinthians in the first century will be appropriate for all of Christendom: "You would give us great joy if, obeying us, you would cease your illegitimate rivalry as we recommended in this exhortation to peace and harmony."22

28. May the apostle and martyr Boniface help us all obtain this, but especially the peoples who are rightfully his either by race or by choice, completing in heaven that which he never ceased to strive for on earth: "I do not cease to invite and to urge all those whom God gave me during my mission, as listeners or as disciples, to be obedient to the Holy See."23

29. Meanwhile, as a pledge of hope and of happy results for your celebrations, we lovingly give you the apostolic blessing. And to give even more importance to this feast, we draw for you from the holy treasury of the Church the following favors:

I. On any day of next June and July, except those of Pentecost, Corpus Christ, and of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul, in all the churches and public oratories of Germany where the centenary will be celebrated, any priest will be able to celebrate the mass of the Saint, either during the fast of three days or on the day of the celebration.

II. On the day of the feast, the bishop or his representative will be able to administer the papal blessing.

III. Whoever visits the churches of Germany on the day of the centenary will be able to obtain a plenary indulgence toties quoties.

Given at Rome, at Saint Peter's the 14th day of the month of May in the year 1919, the fifth year of our Pontificate.

REFERENCES:
1. 2 Cor 11:28.
2. Cor 3:11.
3. Willibald, Vita S. Bonifadi, chap. 5, pp. 13-14.
4. Boniface, epistle Exigit manifestata, 12 (2).
5. Vita S. Bonifadi, chap. 6, p. 16.
6. Ibid., chap. 7, p. 19.
7. Epistle 59 (57).
8. Vita S. Bonifadi, chap. 7, p. 21.
9. Boniface, epistle Sollicitudinem nimiam, 17 (6).
10. Vita S. Bonifadi, chap. 8, p. 25.
11. Ibid., chap. 8, pp. 25ff.
12. Ibid., chap. 9, pp. 27ff.
13. Boniface, epistle Susceptis, 51 (50).
14. Epistle 78.
15. Epistle 67 (22).
16. Caecilius Cyprianus, epistle 43, p. 5.
17. Enarr. in Ps. 40, n. 30.
18. Contra. Lucif., 9.
19. Othlonus the Monk, Vita S. Bonifadi, bk. I, last chapter. 20.
20. Boniface, epistle 39 (36).
21. Ibid.
22. St. Clem. Rom., Ep. l ad Corinthios, 63.
23. Epistle 50 (49).


http://www.ewtn.com/library/encyc/b15inhac.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2010 22:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

14 May 1919, Commons Sitting → TRIUMPHAL MARCH.

LONDON REGIMENTS (ROUTE).


HC Deb 14 May 1919 vol 115 c1584 1584

Major BLAIR asked the Secretary of State for War if Hyde Park and the West End have already had the privilege of witnessing several triumphal marches; is he aware that the route arranged for the triumphal march of the London regiments does not give the people residing in the East End the opportunity of showing their appreciation of their citizen soldiers; and will he arrange that units will be paraded in Victoria Park and march to the City and the Tower of London?

Captain GUEST In the settlement of the route for the proposed triumphal march of London regiments, the claims of the East End have not been overlooked. At the same time, as was pointed out to my hon. and gallant Friend in answer to his question of the 25th March, the length of the route and other matters have to be taken into consideration. Troops are being drawn from all parts of London, and the concentration, area decided upon is considered the most suitable that could be chosen in the interest of the troops as well as of other military requirements.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1919/may/14/london-regiments-route
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mei 2010 9:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Gallipoli Diary by John Graham Gillam

Major John Graham Gillam, British Supply Officer, wrote in his World War I "Gallipoli Diary" that when he sailed from England for the Dardanelles in March, 1915, he had visions of “trekking up the Gallipoli Peninsula with the Navy bombarding a way for us up the Straits and along the coast-line of the Sea of Marmora, until after a brief campaign we entered triumphantly Constantinople, there to meet the Russian Army, which would link up with ourselves to form part of a great chain encircling and throttling the Central Empires. . . We little appreciated the difficulties of the task,” he continues, in potent understatement.

Gillam’s charge was shepherding supplies--food and munitions--from beach depots to the trenches for a brigade of 4000 men. Since it was his first experience with “real war,” he decided to keep a diary, which he did from the day he landed at Gallipoli (April 25, 1915) until he was evacuated at the end of the campaign in January 1916. He aptly states in the preface to the published version of his diary: “those who desire to survey the whole amazing Gallipoli campaign in perspective must look elsewhere than in these pages. Their sole object was to record the personal impressions, feeling, and doings from day to day of one supply officer to a Division whose gallantry in that campaign well earned for it the epithet “Immortal.”

As the campaign intensifies, Gillam’s entries mature. Early on (May 30), a sample entry: “This afternoon I ride . . . to Morto Bay, and on the way have a delightful cross-country canter. I have difficulty, though, in making my mare jump trenches. She jumped hurdles at Warwick race-course like a bird.” A month later, on June 30,“The smell of dead bodies is at times almost unbearable in the trenches, and chloride of lime is thrown over them. I know of no more sickly smell than chloride of lime with the smell of a dead body blended in.” Another month, and respect for the Turks, and also for the rugged terrain of the peninsula is evident (August 29): “Behind me, purple Turkish hills, every point of which is held by the enemy. Then in between our line and the hills the scrubby low-lying country. . . I look at it hopelessly--for I know now, as we all do, that the conquest of the Peninsula is more than we can hope for. All that is left to us is to hang on day by day. . . Death in various forms walks with us always . . .”


May I4th.

Big gun started searching the beach with large high
explosive shells at four, for two hours. Every one had to
take cover. Aeroplane reconnaissance cannot locate gun,
which is a damned nuisance. They come with a terrific
scream and burst with a deafening explosion, most upsetting
to one's nerves. We all take cover behind the cliff. Not
a soul can be seen on the beaches. All animals are removed
to down under the cliff.

Casualties, twenty-three mules and three men wounded.

One piece of shell fell at my feet, and I picked it up,
only to drop it quickly, as it was so hot.

After being under fire of such awful shells one laughs
at mild shrapnel.

Getting very hot, but perfect weather.

Saw Laird for a few minutes and had a chat with him.

Not much time for writing to-day. Go up to Laird's
" bivvy " and have a long talk with him over old times.
He landed on that first Sunday on " S " Beach, and
though in the Engineers, had the experience of taking
part in three bayonet charges. He was in a neat little
dugout when I went up, and was busy looking for a
scorpion. I helped him look for it, and it seemed so
strange that after all these years we should meet on the
Gallipoli Peninsula, and before sitting down to talk of
old times should be looking for a scorpion that had got
into his dugout.

Scorpions and snakes about three feet long are becoming
more numerous here, but I believe they are harmless, except
in self-defence.

http://www.archive.org/stream/gallipolidiary00gillrich/gallipolidiary00gillrich_djvu.txt
http://librivox.org/gallipoli-diary-by-john-graham-gillam/ (voor luie mensen als ik...)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mei 2010 9:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Guardian - Bay Roberts - 1915

Issued every Saturday from the office of publication, Water Street, Bay Roberts. Subscriptions (post free) to any part of Nfld. or Canada, 50 cents per year. To United States, Great Britain, etc., $1.00 per year, postpaid. All subscriptions payable in advance.

Friday, May 14, 1915 - His Excellency the Governor received word from the British Admiralty last week informing him that the body of John B. MERCER was the only one recovered among the 23 Nfld. Reservists lost on the H.M.S. Viknor. The body was found at Kiloram Bay, Island of Colonsay, Scotland on Jan. 16 and was buried on the 20th.

http://familytreegroup.tripod.com/guardian1915.htm

H.M.S. Viknor

S/S Viknor; 5.347 tons; 421x50 ft; Built by Robert Napier in 1888 as the Atrato for the Royal Mail Steam Co. Ltd.

S/S Atrato was a beautifully designed passenger ship, more resembling a luxury yacht than a liner. She was used in the service between England and the West Indies and could carry up to 280 passengers. Bought by Viking Cruising Co. Ltd. in 1912, she was renamed Viking.

At the beginning of WWI, she was requisisioned by the Admiralty, equipped with armament and renamed HMS Viknor. She was mainly used as a cruising patrol ship.

On 13th January 1915, while on patrol, she sank in heavy weather without any distress call. It was assumed that she was sunk by a mine, belonging to a minefield laid by the Germans. Not a single soul of the 295 crew was saved. Many of the bodies were washed ashore days after the sinking.

http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?11823
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2011 9:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

EEN RODE HUZAAR BIJ DE GELE RUDERS

We hebben al eerder vermeld dat de "Gele Rijders" vrijwel allemaal uit de omgeving van Arnhem afkomstig waren. Arnhem was "het nest" van de "Gele Rijders" of zoals de offi­ciële naam is "Korps Rijdende Artillerie".

Nog steeds vinden we daar de kazerne met daaraan verbonden een museum, waarin de roemrijke historie van het tweehonderd jaar bestaande Korps te volgen is. (...)

Bij onze navorsingen naar de herkomst van "onze" Gele Rijders was het voor ons dan ook vreemd te horen dat een van hen uit Rietveld (Woerden) afkomstig was.

Het betreft hier: Jan van Kampen

Na informatie bij zoon Wim van Kampen bleek dat zijn vader, Johan van Kampen, eigenlijk tot het korps der "Rode Huzaren" behoorde, welk korps in de jaren van de Eerste Wereldoorlog te Veghel gelegerd was.

Jan van Kampen, geboren op 7 februari 1892 te Rietveld, was van beroep rijtuigen-/wa­genmaker. En aangezien er bij het in Schijndel gelegerde Korps Rijdende Artillerie een wagenmaker ontbrak, werd de huzaar Jan van Kampen in 1916 naar Schijndel gedi­rigeerd en tot "Gele Rijder" gebombardeerd.

Aanvankelijk werd hij ingekwartierd bij de Schijndelse wagenmaker Dorus Heesters, vader van onze kunstschilder Jan Heesters, die in de Pompstraat zijn bedrijf had (nu: Jan Heestershuis). Maar het "boterde" niet zo goed tussen de vrouw van Dorus Heesters en Jan van Kampen, volgens het relaas van zoon Wim. Dus werd Jan overgeplaatst naar bakker Ruys aan het Kerkplein.

Al was Jan van Kampen dan uit de Pompstraat "verbannen", weg te houden was hij daar niet. Een paar honderd meter voorbij wagenmaker Dorus Heesters, in de slagerij van Verhagen, had van Kampen een aardig meisje ontdekt. Jan was weldra verkikkerd op dat meisje en wist haar over te halen met hem te trouwen. De bruiloft vond plaats op 14 mei 1917. (...)

Lees verder op https://www.heemkundekringschijndel.nl/Heemkunde/Brabant%20Collectie/Schijndel%20-%20Gele%20Rijders/60.Rode%20Huzaar%20bij%20Gele%20Rijders/60.Rode%20Huzaar.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2011 19:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Irish Times, Sunday, May 14, 1916

http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/archive/1916/0514/Pg004.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2011 19:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Passenger List, SS 'Niagara', 14 May 1917

Third cabin passengers include Ah Lap, Young Foo, Young Yik Pi, Wong Hung, Wong Wai, Ah Chee, Wong Yow

http://gallery.archives.govt.nz/v/auckland/chinese+portraits/Wong+You/BBAO_5552_4a_p249_001_resize.jpg.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Mei 2011 20:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Eerste Wereldoorlog buiten de Fronten: DENEMARKEN

De foto toont de commandotoren van de Duitse onderzeeër U20, die in mei 1915 het Amerikaanse passagiersschip Lusitania torpedeerde, waardoor dit schip zonk. Hierbij kwamen 1198 mensen om. Dit voorval gaf de doorslag daartoe dat de Verenigde Staten aan Duitsland de oorlog verklaarde en aan de Eerste Wereldoorlog ging deelnemen. In november 1916 strandde de U20 bij Vrist, aan de westkust van Denemarken. De boot kon niet meer losgetrokken worden en werd door de bemanning opgeblazen. In 1979 werd de U20 door duikers weer teruggevonden en in 1998 werd het schip geborgen. De commandotoren bevindt zich nu in het Strandingsmuseum St.George in Thorsminde aan de westkust van Denemarken.

Hier bevindt zich ook een kanon van de U-boot U59, die op 14 mei 1917 door botsing met een Duitse mijn nabij Esbjerg gezonken is 85 jaar later werd het schip teruggevonden en enkele voorwerpen ervan werden naar boven gehaald, waaronder dit kanon.

http://home.kpn.nl/wegweeda/WO1-Nederland.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mei 2011 10:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

14 mei 1917 | Nieuwsbericht | Oorlog in Alveringem

Alfred Coppieters is op 20 augustus 1890 geboren in Lokeren, zoon van Felix Casemir en Melania Van Hecke, is gehuwd met Pelagie Marie Laureys. Samen krijgen zij één kind. Alfred verdient de kost als arbeider. Hij is 1,70 meter groot.

In 1908 treedt hij als beroepsvrijwilliger in dienst van het Belgisch leger voor de duur van een militieterm. Op 4 september 1911 gaat hij met onbepaald verlof. Hij wordt op 1 augustus 1914 wederopgeroepen. Van 8 maart tot 1 april 1916 verblijft hij in de hospitaalsectie te Gijverinkhove wegens ziekte.

Alfred wordt op 14 mei 1917 om 13 uur door obusscherven gedood in Oostkerke. Het slachtoffer wordt op 15 mei 1917 begraven op de Belgische militaire begraafplaats van Oeren, grafnummer 75. De gesneuvelde staat vermeld op het monument in Lokeren.

http://www.oorlogserfgoedalveringem.be/nl/14-mei-1917
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mei 2011 10:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

LEVENSDELICTEN 1916: 14 Mei 1916 - Mishandeling/dood tengevolge, Schoonoord (Dr)

Slachtoffer: Hendrik Reinders (36)
Status: opgelost

Een paar dronken jongens trekken een meisje van haar fiets. Als fotograaf Hendrik Reinders daar een afkeurende opmerking over maakt, steekt een van hen Reinders in de hals. Z'n halsslagader wordt daarbij doorboord. Hij loopt nog enkele passen, vraagt de hem tegemoetkomende rijks-veldwachter hem te verbinden en valt dan dood neer.

De 17-jarige Gerrit H. uit Eeserveen wordt als verdachte gearresteerd. Hij legt een volledige bekentenis af.

In juli 1916 veroordeelt de rechtbank te Assen Gerrit H. wegens mishandeling de dood ten gevolge hebbend tot drie jaar gevangenisstraf.

https://www.bartfmdroog.com/droog/cct/jl/1916/index.html#0514
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mei 2019 8:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Cafe Tendijck, Markt Sittard, 14 mei 1918

Foto! http://sittardgeleen.blogspot.com/2012/12/cafe-tendijck-markt-sittard-14-mei-1918.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mei 2019 14:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

William Stanley jr.

William Stanley Jr. (28 november 1858 – 14 mei 1916) was een Amerikaans uitvinder en elektrotechnicus. Hij ontwierp een inductiespoel die de toekomstige basis vormde van alle moderne transformatoren.

Lees verder op https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Stanley_jr.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mei 2019 14:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Oorlogsdagboek Raphaël Waterschoot 1914-1918 - hoe een burger van Sint Niklaas de Groote Oorlog beleeft

14 mei 1916 - zondag - Sint Niklaas - Wij krijgen deze week een 100 gram vleesch per man als rantsoen. Iedereen die nog geen volgnummer op zijn eenzelvigheidskaart van de stad heeft, moet op bevel der Duitschers deze week op aangeduide dagen er een laten opzetten op het stadhuis.

https://raphaelwaterschoot.wordpress.com/2016/05/14/14-mei-1916-zondag-sint-niklaas/
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