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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2006 7:11    Onderwerp: 10 Mei Reageer met quote

Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Artilleriekampf zwischen Yser und Oise

Großes Hauptquartier, 10. Mai.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
An den Kampffronten war die Artillerietätigkeit tagsüber nur im Gebiete des Kemmel, beiderseits des Lucebaches und auf dem Westufer der Avre lebhaft. Starker Feuersteigerung in diesen Abschnitten folgten feindliche Vorstöße. Bei ihrer Abwehr und bei reger Erkundungstätigkeit machten wir Gefangene. Am Abend und während der Nacht lebte der Artilleriekampf zwischen Yser und Oise vielfach auf.
An der übrigen Front blieb die Gefechtstätigkeit auf Erkundungskämpfe beschränkt.
Von den anderen Kriegsschauplätzen nichts Neues.

Der Erste Generalquartiermeister
Ludendorff. 1)


Angriffe bei Albert und Apremont abgewiesen

Berlin, 10. Mai, abends. (Amtlich.)
Ein englischer Teilangriff nördlich von Albert wurde abgewiesen. Ebenso scheiterte ein französischer Vorstoß im Walde von Apremont. 1)



Versenkte englische Schiffe vor Ostende
Versenkte englische Schiffe vor Ostende
Ein neuer Sperrangriff gegen Ostende vereitelt

Berlin, 10. Mai. (Amtlich.)
Englische Seestreitkräfte unternahmen am 10. Mai, 3 Uhr morgens, nach heftiger Beschießung erneut einen Sperrangriff gegen Ostende. Mehrere feindliche Schiffe, die unter dem Schutze künstlichen Nebels in den Hafen eindringen wollten, wurden durch das vortrefflich geleitete Feuer unserer Küstenbatterien abgewiesen. Ein alter Kreuzer liegt gänzlich zusammengeschossen außerhalb des Fahrwassers vor dem Hafen auf dem Grund. Die Einfahrt ist völlig ungehindert. An Bord des gestrandeten Schiffes wurden nur noch Tote vorgefunden, zwei Überlebende waren über Bord gesprungen und sind gefangen. Nach bisherigen Ermittelungen wurden mindestens zwei feindliche Motorboote abgeschossen, ein Monitor schwer beschädigt. Der Sperrversuch ist somit völlig vereitelt. Abermals hat der Gegner Menschenleben und Fahrzeuge umsonst geopfert.



Der gescheiterte englische Angriff gegen Ostende

Berlin, 10. Mai. (Amtlich.)
Der zweite Versuch der Engländer, an die ihnen mit jedem Tage unbequemer werdenden flandrischen U-Boots-Stützpunkte heranzukommen, traf unser Marinekorps ebenso vorbereitet, wie der erste. Es war vorauszusehen, daß die englische Admiralität es bei einem Versuche nicht bewenden lassen würde. Die Gründe warum diesmal nur ein Angriff gegen Ostende erfolgte, sind im Augenblick noch nicht zu übersehen. Zwar wurde vor Zeebrügge gleichzeitig mit dem Angriff gegen Ostende starker künstlicher Nebel von den Engländern entwickelt, jedoch geschah dies offenbar nur zur Ablenkung. Der Feind eröffnete am Morgen des 10. Mai um 2 Uhr 45 Minuten von See und Land aus das Feuer auf unsere Batterien bei Ostende, einige Minuten Später wurde ein starker künstlicher Nebel erzeugt. Als zwei Minuten nach 3 Uhr östlich Ostende zwei Kreuzer in dem Nebel gesichtet wurden, setzte sofort von unseren schweren Batterien gutliegendes Zielfeuer ein, nachdem schon vorher Sperrfeuer vor die Einfahrt gelegt war. Der eine Kreuzer drehte nach Westen ab, der andere nach Norden. Letzterer wurde dann wiederholt im Nebel wieder erkennbar und jedesmal von neuem beschossen. Um 3,34 tauchte er nochmals vor der Einfahrt auf und sank, von allen Seiten unter schweres Feuer genommen, außerhalb des Fahrwassers. Inzwischen waren von unseren Batterien vereinzelt erkennbare Ziele auf See beschossen. Ein stilliegender und nicht feuernder Monitor, der offenbar außer Gefecht gesetzt war, um 4 Uhr 13 Minuten ausgemacht, er wurde aber gleich darauf vom Feinde wieder völlig eingenebelt. Der gestrandete Kreuzer ist nach aufgefundenen Papieren der "Vindictive". - Unsere eigenen Verluste sind, wie bei dem ersten Unternehmen, wieder erfreulich gering. 1)


Die englische Darstellung

London, 10. Mai.
Die Admiralität teilt mit, daß die Operation, die bezweckte, die Häfen von Ostende und Zeebrügge zu schließen, gestern abend, als der veraltete Kreuzer "Vindictive" zwischen den Piers und quer über den Eingang des Ostender Hafens versenkt wurde, mit Erfolg beendet ist. Nach dem Angriff auf Zeebrügge am 23. April würde die "Vindictive" mit Zement gefüllt und als Blockierungsschiff für diesen Zweck ausgestattet.
Unsere leichten Seestreitkräfte kehrten mit Verlust eines Motorboots, das beschädigt und auf Befehl des Vizeadmirals, der es nicht in Feindeshand fallen lassen wollte, versenkt wurde, nach der Basis zurück. Unsere Verluste sind gering. 1)


Deutsch-rumänischer rechtspolitischer Zusatzvertrag

Berlin, 10. Mai.
Um die Herstellung der öffentlichen und privaten Rechtsbeziehungen, den Ersatz von Kriegs- und Zivilschäden, den Austausch der Kriegsgefangenen und Zivilinternierten und den Erlaß von Amnestien zu regeln, haben die Friedensbevollmächtigten einen rechtspolitischen Zusatzvertrag zu dem Friedensvertrage abgeschlossen, dessen Bestimmungen heute veröffentlicht worden sind. 1)


Kriegserklärung Guatemalas

Berlin, 10. Mai.
Die spanische Regierung hat dem Auswärtigen Amt mitgeteilt, daß die Regierung von Guatemala nach einem Dekret vom 30. April sich dem Kriegszustande, wie er zwischen den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika und der deutschen Regierung bestehe, anschließe. 1)

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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2006 7:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

En het bombardement op Rotterdam natuurlijk, maar dat was een oorlog later....

Gr P
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2006 7:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Het bombardement op Rotterdam was niet alleen een oorlog later, maar ook 4 dagen, op 14 mei namelijk...
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2008 19:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

vandaag 68 jaar geleden startte de tweede wereldoorlog in België (en ook in Nederland, zeker).
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 11:54    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Franse parlementsverkiezingen 1914

Op 26 april en 10 mei 1914 werden er in Frankrijk parlementsverkiezingen gehouden die door de centrum- en centrum-linkse partijen werden gewonnen (475 van de 601 zetels). Grote verliezers waren de rooms-katholieke Action Libérale (Liberale Actie) en de centrum-rechtse Fédération Républicaine (Republikeinse Federatie). Grote winnaar was de links-liberale Parti Radical-Socialiste (Radicaal-Socialistische Partij) die 46 zetels won ten opzichte van de parlementsverkiezingen van 1910.

De parlementsverkiezingen van 1914 waren de laatste voor de Eerste Wereldoorlog. Na de verkiezingen werden er coalities gevormd bestaande uit gematigde partijen. Tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog werden deze coalities regeringen van de Union Sacrée genoemd.

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franse_parlementsverkiezingen_1914
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 12:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Moederdag

In de Verenigde Staten wordt [1914] moederdag ingevoerd. Het is een initiatief van Anna Jarvis uit West Virginia, die op 10 mei haar overleden moeder gedenkt. Het Congres besluit dat de tweede zondag van mei een nationale feestdag wordt.

http://www.nrc.nl/europa/in_europa/article1854679.ece/Kroniek_1910-1914

Oorsprong

Het vereren van moeders is een veel oudere traditie dan de moderne Moederdag. Een feest dat ontleend is aan het gebruik van de moedercultus in het oude Griekenland. De formele moedercultus met ceremoniën voor Cybele of Rhea, de Grote Moeder der goden, werd overal in Klein-Azië beoefend op de Idus van maart.”

De katholieke Kerk kent een lange traditie van verering van Maria, de moeder van Jezus.

In het Verenigd Koninkrijk is Mothering Sunday een christelijke feestdag, te vieren op de vierde zondag in de Vastentijd, de aanloop naar Pasen, waaruit de huidige Britse variant van Moederdag is geëvolueerd. In 1644 was er in Engeland voor het eerst sprake van een Moederdag zonder kerkelijke achtergrond.

Pas in het midden van 19e eeuw werd Moederdag in Amerika geïntroduceerd. In 1870 startte rechter Julia Ward Howe uit Philadelphia een grote publiciteitscampagne voor Moederdag, een dag die in het teken moest staan van pacifisme en ontwapening door vrouwen. Het succes kwam echter pas nadat Anna Marie Jarvis in 1907 Moederdag begon te promoten als een dag van waardering voor moeders. In 1908 organiseerde Anna Jarvis (1864-1948) uit Grafton, West Virginia de eerste Moederdag, vooral om haar moeder Ann Reeves Jarvis te herdenken die in de Amerikaanse Burgeroorlog zogenaamde Mother's Day Work Clubs had georganiseerd om voor voedsel en medicijnen voor hulpbehoevende moeders te zorgen. Het idee sloeg aan, en Jarvis zette door om meer mensen over te halen. In 1914 besloot president Woodrow Wilson dat elke tweede zondag in mei voortaan Mother's Day zou zijn, een nationale feestdag.

De feestdag heeft zich in zijn huidige vorm vanuit de Verenigde Staten over de rest van de westerse wereld verspreid. In Nederland begon de traditie rond 1925.

De Amerikaanse Moederdag was nog niet bekend, toen de Antwerpse liberaaldenkende kunstenaar en schepen Frans van Kuyck (1852-1915) in 1913 een Moederdag lanceerde op 15 augustus, de feestdag van Maria, sinds 1124 de patrones van de stad. Het was de dag van de grote Mariaprocessie. Volgens de Antwerpse schepen was de sociale orde in het begin van de eeuw grondig verstoord door de ingrijpende modernisering. Zijn remedie: het herstellen en cultiveren van de waardigheid van de familie. Hiervoor moest volgens Van Kuyck alles ingezet worden op het in beeld brengen van de rol van de moeder in het gezin en de maatschappij. Een speciale dag leek hem een ideale techniek. Van Kuyck mobiliseerde de plaatselijke pers en de scholen, publiceerde een scenario en zette een propagandacomité aan het werk. De kinderen en vader moesten moeder verrassen met versieringen, gelegenheidsversjes, bloemen, speciale broodjes en zelfs juwelen.

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moederdag
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 12:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1916)

10 mei 1916 - Dat de Duitsers zélf niet immuun waren voor de ‘doden­draad’ illustreert het lot van Heinrich Metser. Deze reservist uit het Ersatz Landstürm Infanterie-Battaillon ‘Neuss’ werd in de buurt van het Withof aan de grens met Castelré geëlectrocuteerd toen hij een dood konijn tussen de draden wou gaan oppikken... (Jan Huijbrechts in “Castelré 1914-1918, Begrensd Overleven”)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=189:07-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1916&catid=90:oorlog&Itemid=118
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 12:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kabinet-Cort van der Linden

Het kabinet-Cort van der Linden was een Nederlands liberaal extra-parlementair minderheidskabinet dat regeerde van 29 augustus 1913 tot en met 9 september 1918.

Dit kabinet loodste Nederland door de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1914-1918) en bracht de belangrijke Grondwetsherziening van 1917 tot stand. Hierdoor werden de kiesrecht- en schoolstrijd beëindigd. Het meerderheidsstelsel (districtenstelsel) werd vervangen door de evenredige vertegenwoordiging. (...)

Oorlogsminister Bosboom trad af nadat de Tweede Kamer op 10 mei 1917 een motie-Marchant aannam, waarin zijn besluit werd betreurd om de landstormjaarklasse 1908 (geboren in 1888) op te roepen, in plaats van de landstormklasse 1918 (geboren in 1898).

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kabinet-Cort_van_der_Linden
Zie ook http://www.parlement.com/9291000/modulesf/g5pl3un7
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 12:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meierijsche Courant, Donderdag 10 mei 1917.

Valkenswaard. Gisteren zijn wederom verschillende Belgen alhier aangekomen. Op de vraag hoe zij er door zijn gekomen antwoorden zij dat ze niemand verraden.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/1917.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 12:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De muiterijen in het Franse leger in 1917

Op 16 april 1917 gaf generaal Nivelle de Franse troepen bevel over de volle lengte van de Chemin des Dames een enorm offensief in te zetten op dit zwaar versterkte bolwerk. Na een korte maar hevige beschieting werd de aanval ingezet onder de slechtst denkbare weersomstandigheden. De Fransen poilu’s moesten onbeschermd, heuvelop- waarts rennend, de bijna onneembare stellingen veroveren. De operatie draaide dan ook uit op een bloedbad: de Franse soldaten werden letterlijk afgemaakt. Nivelle bleef echter halsstarrig aanvallen ondanks het feit dat al in een vroeg stadium duidelijk werd dat het offensief gedoemd was te mislukken.

Onder deze omstandigheden werd het kritieke punt van het incasseringsvermogen van de soldaten overschreden: het moreel verminderde zienderogen. De achteloosheid waarbij opnieuw, voor de zoveelste keer, een grootschalig offensief was ingezet waarbij zoveel soldaten zinloos werden geofferd, bleek fnuikend voor de stemming onder de Franse troepen. Het vertrouwen in de legerleiding bereikte binnen enkele dagen een absoluut dieptepunt zoals duidelijk bleek uit de reacties die de soldaten gaven over de ontstane situatie: - ‘Nog nooit heb ik zulke beestachtigheden gezien!’ - ‘U zegt me moed te tonen, maar hoe lang nog?’ - ‘Ik was een echte patriot maar vanaf vandaag vind ik dat het tijd is hiermee op te houden.’ - ‘Niemand van ons kan en wil meer. Waar is dit allemaal goed voor?’ - ‘Het moreel is erg laag. Het zal erg moeilijk zijn weer opnieuw te beginnen.’ - ‘Het verlof is het enige dat ons nog met het leven verbindt.’ - ‘Er zijn steeds meer gevallen van desertie. Wanneer serieuze mannen van goede wil een keer op dit punt zijn gekomen moet je geloven dat het werkelijk voorbij is.’ - ‘In ons regiment zijn er al tenminste 400 deserteurs sinds 16 april. Ik ga er ook vandoor…’ - ‘Tien mannen uit mijn compagnie hebben stokslagen gehad omdat ze niet wilden aanvallen. Het lijken hier wel Russische toestanden, niemand wil nog vooruit.’ - ‘Het is een en al gruwelijkheid wat je hier ziet; je wordt er gek van.’ - ‘Wij willen niet meer aanvallen. We blijven hier zitten om de moffen tegen te houden maar er hoeft niets te gebeuren of we zullen de loopgraven verlaten.’

Hoe groot de verliezen waren in de periode van 16 april tot 10 mei blijkt uit een officiële schatting die in 1920 door het Franse hoofdkwartier werd uitgegeven zonder de garantie te geven voor de juistheid ervan en waarbij de niet afgevoerde lichtgewonden nog niet eens niet waren meegeteld. Het totaal aantal slachtoffers werd berekend op 139.589 mannen. Hiervan waren 24.179 gedood, 89.819 gewond en 25.591 krijgsgevangen gemaakt of verdwenen. Officieel werd de veldslag door het hoofdkwartier van het leger afgeschilderd als een complete overwinning. De feiten werden verdoezeld. Het aantal Franse slachtoffers zou beperkt zijn: de Franse verliezen waren niet meer dan 75.000 man en de Duitsers zouden 200.000 man hebben verloren in de strijd. Kolonel C. Repington, de Engelse oorlogscorrespondent van de Times, meldde dat hij op datzelfde moment in Parijs van de minister van Oorlog Painlevé te horen kreeg dat het aantal slachtoffers meer dan 116.000 man zou bedragen.

http://www.ssew.nl/muiterijen-franse-leger-1917
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 12:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Mobilisatie 1914-1918

Ondanks de inspanningen van de doktoren werd vaders voet niet beter, en ging hij zijn best doen om afgekeurd te worden, en dat viel niet zo mee. Na wat adviezen van zijn broer Janus die ook in het leger was als hospitaalsoldaat, werd hij na veel moeite en na het tekenen van een verklaring dat zijn gebrek niet door de dienst was ontstaan [anders had hij recht op een pensioentje] werd hij afgekeurd en kon hij terug naar zijn zus mijn tante Mie om haar bij te staan op de boerderij. Dat duurde echter niet zo lang want tante Mie stierf, en zo bleef hij daar alleen zitten met 5 weeskinderen. Mijn grootmoeder en mijn tante Piet namen later de opvoeding van de weeskinderen over zodat op 10 Mei 1918 mijn vader en moeder konden trouwen. Zij waren 34 en 33 jaar oud.

Lezen! http://www.cubra.nl/brabantslandschap/25wimvandewouweerstewereldoorlog.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 12:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Volksuniversiteiten

Voorgeschiedenis - De wortels van de volksuniversiteiten liggen in de tweede helft van de 19e eeuw. In vooruitstrevende wetenschappelijke kringen maakte men zich zorgen over een ‘verborgen tweedeling in de maatschappij’: enerzijds een kleine, bevoorrechte groep van wetenschappelijk geschoolden, anderzijds ‘het volk’, een grote groep van minder ontwikkelden. Op verschillende universiteiten leefde de gedachte dat men zijn kennis ook buiten deze instituten zou moeten uitdragen. Een eerste initiatief hiertoe werd genomen door professor Stuart in Cambridge. In 1871 startte hij de University Extension Movement. Iets later, in 1898, ontstond in Duitsland te Berlijn de Universitätsausdehnung. In België werd een dergelijke beweging gestart in 1892 in Gent. De poorten van de universiteiten gingen open voor ‘het volk’.

Nederland - Deze Europese ontwikkeling kende in Nederland aanvankelijk weinig navolging. Het duurde tot 1913 eer de eerste Nederlandse volksuniversiteit in Amsterdam, met steun van de universiteit, werd opgericht. Motor van het Nederlandse volksuniversiteitswerk was professor Steinmetz (1862-1940). Van het begin af was de eerste volksuniversiteit een groot succes en de belangstelling groeide jaarlijks. Steinmetz stond een onderwijsvorm zonder drang tot presteren voor ogen, een vorm van kennisoverdracht waarin gestreefd werd naar wetenschappelijke objectiviteit, begrijpelijk voor brede lagen van de bevolking. Het Amsterdamse voorbeeld ondervond navolging. In tien jaar ontstonden ruim twintig volksuniversiteiten. Op 10 mei 1918 werd de Bond van Nederlandse Volksuniversiteiten opgericht, een initiatief van de Volksuniversiteit Amsterdam in nauwe samenspraak met de volksuniversiteiten in Groningen, Den Haag, Utrecht en Rotterdam.

http://www5.volksuniversiteit.nl/arnhem/detail_page.phtml?&publish=&text10=geschiedenis
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 12:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Van verre reik ik de hand...

Camille schrijft uit Bonsecours, waar hij uiteindelijk zijn armprothese krijgt

Bonsecours, 10 mei 1919

Zeer lieve kinderen,

Ik laat u weten dat ik hier goed toegekomen ben. Ik heb reeds mijn arm maar ik weet nog niet hoe lang ik hier zal moeten blijven, want wij zullen niet mogen vertrekken vooralleer wij ermede kunnen werken. Intusschen doet maar altijd voort uw best.

Ik geef u mijn besten vaderlijken zegen,

Camille Castryck
Envoi de C. Castryck
H.M.B. salle 20
Bonsecours
Les Rouen

Mooi! http://wyckaert.deds.nl/boek_vanverrereikikdehand/Jaar1919_vs%20maart%202009.HTM
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 13:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

10 May, 1915 - "America Must Be a Special Example"

Address of the President of the United States, Mr. Woodrow Wilson, Convention Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, May 10, 1915.

The example of America must be a special example. The example of America must be the example not merely of peace because it will not fight, but of peace because peace is the healing and elevating influence of the world and strife is not. There is such a thing as a man being so right it does not need to convince others by force that it is right.

http://www.gwpda.org/1915/amexamp.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 13:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Diary of Signaller Ellis Silas

10 May - Delirious again last night. ‘Stand to arms’ – B Company will advance. Just before dawn every morning we had to ‘stand to arms’ in readiness for a probable attack – it was all very eerier, dreary and cold in the thick morning mists – men would appear and disappear like phantoms. To-day we are in for a hot time; I am feeling very weak and helpless – I have been taking morphine, given me by the MO – I can now neither eat nor sleep. I wonder how many of us will be left by sunset – I do hope dear old Margy

(Captain Margolin ) won’t get killed; he is such a fine fellow and brave beyond compare, though it’s hard to say who isn’t – all the lads are splendid! To-night the Light Horse are to take a trench facing Quinn’s Post – their bombs have been giving us a hot time, causing many casualties – we hear the Turks are massing, so it’s pretty certain there’s going to be something doing – we are to be the supports though, if we go into it, what is left of the 16th Battalion will be wiped out completely. What a frightful night – the trench has been taken, and alas! our lads have gone into it. Lieutenant Curlewis, Margolin’s great chum, has finished with the troubles of the world.

After the trench was captured, the forty yards of flat ground between this, our new front, and our own trenches, is being swept by the enemy’s fire, which is enfilading us. We have been sent into the firing line, but there is not room for us in the trenches – Margolin is frightfully upset:

‘My poor lads,’ he said, ‘there will be none of them left; I do wish I could get them out’.
I asked Margolin ‘Can I take a message for him?’


So off I go to find the remains of our battalion. I leap over the parapet of our old trenches and dash across this lead-swept plateau, hoping that I shall not stumble over any of the decomposed bodies of any of the dead Turks which have been lying there for some two weeks. I do not know where our men are, except that they are somewhere in front – I find the Officer of the 15th Battalion – he says he does not know. There is not room for me to go along inside the trench, so I keep to the outside until at last I find Lieutenant Harwood who, when he sees me, exclaims:

‘Silas this is fine. I wouldn’t be elsewhere for a thousand pounds; tell Captain Margolin we are being enfiladed’.
‘What shall I do?’
‘Explain to him exactly our condition’.


Back I go across this lead-swept plateau with my message – altogether I had to go six times across this place. When I reached Margy, he said:

‘Tell Harwood to bring the lads back, they are not wanted there and there isn’t room for them; I don’t want to lose my boys for nothing’.

So back I had to go again. This time could not find Harwood, so then had to find where the boys were on my own and pass the word for the 16th Battalion only to retire. One rather amusing incident – while trying to get into the trench it didn’t seem possible to do so without jumping on somebody’s head; one of the chaps exclaimed to me:

‘Come off the skyline, you _ _ _ _ _ fool’.
‘I will,’ I replied, ‘as soon as I can find space’.
‘Jump in anywhere,’ he answered back, ‘never mind if you do hit anybody, you’re not in a drawing room’.


It certainly did seem ridiculous, standing on ceremony in a time like this, though I don’t suppose anything will alter this peculiar side of my nature. They are now digging a connecting trench between our new front and our old trenches – we have had to retire, the Turks are too strong for us.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/1landing/s_diary1915may.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 13:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Irish Times, 10 May 1916

Sir John Maxwell's Position

In the House of Commons on Monday Mr Redmond asked the Prime Minister to put an immediate stop to the execution of rebels in Dublin. His demand reflects the attitude of the official National Press and of some of the leading Liberal newspapers in England. They will not be satisfied with the Prime Minister’s reply. He refused in effect to interfere with the full discretion which has been left in the hands of the General Officer Commanding the Forces in Ireland. Sir John Maxwell is not in Dublin for the purpose of conducting a "Bloody Assize". He would reject so hateful a task with anger and scorn. The Government sent him to Ireland in order that he might suppress a dangerous insurrection, exact the necessary penalties and lay a solid foundation for the re-establishment of order and law. He has done, and is doing, this responsible work to the satisfaction of the Government, which nobody will accuse of indifference to Irish Nationalist opinion. Mr Asquith told Mr Redmond that Sir John Maxwell has been in direct and personal communication with the Cabinet. It has great confidence in the exercise of his discretion in particular cases. His general instructions are "to sanction the infliction of the extreme penalty as sparingly as possible, and only in cases of responsible persons who were guilty in the first degree." The government and Sir John Maxwell are equally anxious that these cases should be confined within the narrowest limits, and should cease at the earliest possible moment. In reply to Mr Ginnell, who asked that no more rebels should be executed before the House of Commons had received an opportunity of discussing the matter, Mr Asquith said: – "I cannot give any such undertaking." We suppose that Irishmen who support the Government’s attitude will be accused of promiscuous ferocity, even though, like ourselves, they have expressed an earnest desire that a generous measure of mercy should be attended to the ignorant and misguided rank and file of the rebel army. Nevertheless, we hasten to express our strong conviction that Mr Asquith is taking the right – indeed, the only possible – course. It is not a question of fair play to Sir John Maxwell or to any other individual. The safety of the whole Kingdom and the peace of Ireland are at stake.
The Nationalist and Liberal critics have short memories. They would not, and could not, have spoken in this fashion a fortnight ago. A desperate plot was hatched for the disruption of the British Empire by means of an insurrection in Ireland. It was put into execution at a moment when England and Ireland were fighting for life against a foreign enemy. That enemy fomented and helped it with arms, money and promises. The Government’s critics have acknowledged these facts. Sir John Maxwell was entrusted with the crushing of this insurrection. His success, so far as direct military operations are concerned has been complete. Many of the actual plotters and leaders of the insurrection and a large number of their followers – mostly very young and utterly deluded men, fell into his hands. As we have said, the Government, Sir John Maxwell and the whole public of England and Ireland are not merely willing, but anxious that in the case of these latter, clemency should be pushed to the limit of safety. The case of the arch conspirators is entirely different. The majority of them were able and educated men. They appreciated thoroughly the nature of their enterprise and the consequences of defeat. We believe that some of them have accepted these consequences with courage and composure.
It is now suggested that the sterner punishment has become indefensible, not because it may not be deserved, but because an unhappily large number of persons has deserved it. There is neither logic nor common sense in this complaint. Moreover, it is made by men and newspapers who have no acquaintance with the facts of individual cases. Only one man – Sir John Maxwell – can be in full possession of those facts, and the Government has perfect confidence in his discretion. We believe in spite of Mr Redmond’s statement that a great majority of the Irish people, Nationalist as well as Unionist, shares that confidence. They will accept Mr Asquith’s assurance that the cases in which the extreme penalty must be inflicted will be confined within the very narrowest limits. It is probable, as we are sincerely glad to think, that the sterner process of punishment is nearing its end. Nobody, we are sure, will welcome that end with more profound relief than Sir John Maxwell.
The demand for the curtailment of military measures comes chiefly from men and newspapers who refused to recognise the gathering of the storm. With equal recklessness they now insist that the air is clear merely because the thunder has ceased to roll. Everybody in Ireland who is not blinded by timidity or political prejudice knows perfectly well that Sir John Maxwell’s work in Ireland is only half done. A conspiracy which has been growing and spreading for years – which, encouraged by the apathy of a feeble Government has permeated nearly every department of Irish life – cannot be destroyed by ten days fighting in the streets of Dublin. Ireland needs a thorough clearance of all her elements of disaffection. It would be a national calamity if the politicians now beginning to be publicly irked by their enforced holiday, were to return prematurely to the control of Irish affairs. The country must be strengthened and re-established beyond their powers of injury. Much nonsense is likely to be written in newspapers and talked in Parliament about the restrictions of martial law in Ireland. The fact is that martial law has come as a blessing to us all. For the first time in many months Dublin and large areas in the provinces are enjoying real security of life and property. The country rejoices in the prospect of a complete and permanent restoration of law and order. The men or newspapers who try to shatter that prospect will be guilty of a national crime. Strength, wisdom and tolerance will be needed for the settlement of the problems which are crowding on the heels of the recent outbreak. We have no confidence at all that those qualities exist in Dublin Castle or in the House of Commons. We know that we shall find them in a military government in Ireland acting on its own initiative, but, as Mr Asquith says, "in direct and personal communication with the Cabinet." We hope that every patriotic Irishman will resist every proposal to curtail the period of martial law in this country. We have learned by bitter experience that the sword of the soldier is a far better guarantee of justice and liberty than the peace of the politicians.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/easterrising/newspapers/na04.shtml
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 13:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

10 May 1916, Commons Sitting

PRISONERS OF WAR (INTERNMENT IN SWITZERLAND).


HC Deb 10 May 1916 vol 82 c626 626

Mr. MALCOLM asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether he will now publish and circulate the agreement under which German and British prisoners of war will be sent to Switzerland; and also the list of diseases which will qualify for internment in that country?

The UNDER-SECRETARY of STATE for FOREIGN AFFAIRS (Lord Robert Cecil) The answer to both parts of the question asked by my hon. Friend is in the affirmative.

Mr. MALCOLM Can the Noble Lord say when?

Lord R. CECIL I suppose almost immediately. I am not aware of any reason for delay.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1916/may/10/prisoners-of-war-internment-in
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 13:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1st Middlesex Regiment: War Diary: May 1916

10th May 1916 - In trenches. Mine explosion in the BRICKSTACKS on our immediate left at 3.30am. Lt Col C.A.MADGE of the S.African forces was killed by a minenwerfer while being conducted round the trenches by Col ROWLEY who had a miraculous escape from injury. Capt E.M.HODDING joined.

http://resthepast.co.uk/army/wardiaries/middlesex/1btn/May1916.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 13:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The New York Times, 10 May 1916

CYMRIC IS LOST; HAD NO WARNING, HER OFFICERS SAY
---
White Star Steamship Sinks at Sea Many Hours After Being Torpedoed
---
FIVE OF HER MEN ARE KILLED
---
Others Are Landed on Irish Coast---No Americans in the Crew
---
WASHINGTON SEEKING FACTS
---
State Department Will Ascertain if German Pledge Was Violated by Submarine
**********
Cymric Got No Warning, Say Officers Who Saw U-Boat
---
BANTRY, May 9 (via London, May 10)---One hundred and seven members of the crew of the Cymric arrived at Bantry this evening. Several, suffering from broken limbs, were sent to the hospital.

The officers of the Cymric declare that the vessel was torpedoed without warning. A submarine was seen, but it disappeared immediately after firing the torpedo.

The Cymric, although badly damaged, made her way for some hours, but finally sank. Many of the crew, on their arrivel [sic] here, were barefooted and only partially clad.
**********
Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

LONDON, May 9---The White Star steamship Cymric, which was torpedoed yesterday, sank this morning.

The American Embassy has been notified by the American Consul at Liverpool that he understood there were no Americans aboard the Cymric. The vessel carried no passengers, and the crew, the Consul said, was entirely British.

The Embassy has not been informed as to the incidents surrounding the torpedoing of the ship, and is waiting to ascertain if the Germans gave warning and otherwise conformed to the promises to America in the latest note.

THE NEW YORK TIMES correspondent is authorized officialy [sic] to say that the Cymric was unarmed.
---
By The Associated Press

LONDON, May 9 - Lloyd's reports that the White Star liner Cymric sank at 3 o'clock this morning. All those who were on board at the time were saved.

American Consul Frost, at Queenstown, has telegraphed to Consul General Skinner here that he has gone to Bantry to meet the survivors.

Consul Frost's message announced that five members of the crew of the Cymric were killed by an explosion.

London dispatches yesterday said the 13,000-ton steamship Cymric had been torpedoed by a German submarine. A message from Queenstown last night said the vessel, torpedoed at 4 o'clock Monday afternoon, was still afloat and was proceeding to an Irish port. The Cymric left New York on April 29 with a large cargo of war munitions for Liverpool. She had been in service as a freighter for several weeks, and carried no passengers.

Wat vooraf ging:
The New York Times, 9 May 1916

LINER CYMRIC IS TORPEDOED OFF IRISH COAST
---
Great White Star Vessel Was Bound to Liverpool from New York
---
AFLOAT AT LAST ACCOUNTS
---
Carries a Crew of 110 Officers and Men, but Has No Passengers Aboard
---
BIG CARGO OF WAR STORES
---
Crew Believed to Include a Score of Americans---Ship Had Several Escapes from Submarines
---
QUEENSTOWN, (via London, Tues­day, May 9.)---The Cymric was torpe­doed at 4 o'clock Monday afternoon. It is reported that she is still afloat and is proceeding to an Irish port.
---
LONDON, May 8.--The 13,000-ton White Star Line steamship Cymric, which for some time has been engaged in freight service, has been torpedoed by a German submarine, according to advices received here.­

The Cymric left New York April 29 with an enormous cargo of war muni­tions. As she usually makes the voyage from New York to Liverpool in ten days, she was therefore within a day or two of her destination. It is considered probable, in the absence of definite de­tails, that the disaster to the Cymric occurred off the west coast of Ireland, but whether on the northerly or south­erly route cannot be stated.

The fate of the steamship is not yet known, although an early message re­ceived in London reported that the Cymric was sinking. The crew aboard numbered about 100 men, but the steamer carried no passengers.
---
The dispatch filed at Queenstown would seem to indicate that the Cymric had been attacked off the southwest or south coast of Ireland, possibly not far from where the Lusitania went down.

When the Cymric sailed from this port on April 29 she carried a crew of 110 officers and men and one of the largest cargoes of munitions of war yet shipped. None of these men is definitely known to be an American, although it was said unofficially yesterday that there were probably twenty Americans among them. J. J. MacPherson, the British Vice Consul in charge of shipping, said that eight new men were shipped on the Cymric for her last voyage, and that none of these was American. During the vessel's stay here twelve of her crew deserted and these eight were shipped to replace them

In addition to the regular crew three officers and two seamen of other British vessels, who had been stranded in this port, were being sent home.

According to the line's officials, the Cymric was in their service, denial be­ing made that she had been taken over by the British Government. There was a very small amount of commercial goods shipped on the vessel, practically the entire cargo consisting of more than 18,000 tons of munitions and other war material. While no intimate details of the munitions could be obtained yesterday, the manifest showed that the Clmric [sic] carried:

8 cases of firearms.
13 cases of guns.
80 cases of rifles.
820 cases of Gaines (gun covers.)
590 cases of primers.
2,163 pieces of forgings.
11,049 cases of empty shells.
300 cases of cartridge cases.
40 cases of aeroplanes and parts.
81 cases of tractors and parts.
62 cases of lathes.
7,554 barrels of lubricating oil.
60 cases of steel tubes.
107 cases of copper tubes.
1,768 plates of spelter.
20 cases of gun parts.
6 cases of bayonets.
624 cases of rubber boots and shoes.
220 cases of fuse heads.
7 cases of empty projectiles.
122 cases of forgings.
8,600 cases of cartridges.
6,720 cases of fuses.
18 cases of automobiles.
1,247 cases of agricultural machinery.
1,231 bundles of shovels.
831 bales of leather.
400 reels of barbed wire.
21,908 bars of copper.
1,056 cases of brass rods.

Captain F. E. Beadnell, who has been in the service of the White Star Line for more than twenty years and who was formerly commander of the Baltic, was in command of the Cymric.

The vessel was built by Harland & Wolff, Ltd., in Belfast, and was launched in 1898. She has a gross tonnage of 13,370 and is 585 feet long, with a beam of 64 feet and a depth of about 38 feet.

Never a fast vessel, the Cymric is rated as a ten or eleven day ship, and was one day from port at the time it was reported that she was sinking. For the last six weeks she has not carried passengers, and when in that service only had accommodations for one class.

The Cymric has had several narrow escapes from submarines during her previous voyages. On March 28, 1915, she was less than twenty miles away from the Falaba when the latter was torpedoed, having sailed a short time before that vessel. Captain Beadnell received the Falaba's call for help, but was forced to obey the Admiralty instructions and refrain from going to her assistance.

On Sept 26, 1915, when the Cymric reached here, members of her crew said that she was escorted Into Liverpool by a cruiser and two torpedo boats, and anounced [sic] that they believed that the Hesperian was torpedoed in mistake for their vessel, as both looked alike.
When the Cymric arrived here on Jan. 23, 1916, carrying $100,000 in gold and $26,250,000 in American securities, Captain Beadnell said that he had received a wireless warning shortly after clearing from Liverpool, that there were German submarines about and warning him to be on the lookout. This warning came from the Admiral at Queenstown, and the Cymric was met by three heavily armed patrol boats, which escorted her for more than fifty miles, or to the end of the danger zone. On that trip she carried a number of passengers.

http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/discus/messages/6937/96132.html?1133762355
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 13:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Emperor Nicholas II- As I Knew Him

10th May 1916. - Messrs Viviani and Thomas arrived on a visit from France, being entertained by H.I.M.
Much talk of the trial of Soukhomlinoff, the late Minister for War.
The Emperor was much amused to-day, though a little annoyed because the excessive keenness of our outpost troops here has led to one or two blunders. The Belgian general's servant was arrested by them, and when I was taking one of my rides in the country yesterday I was arrested myself. A regiment fresh from Petrograd was doing duty, and though I wore a Russian cap, as is our custom here, my British khaki uniform evidently puzzled the sentries, and notwithstanding my explanations and the presenting of my Russian visiting-card, the sergeant of the guard had me stopped, put under charge of an infantry soldier, who solemnly marched me back, loaded rifle very handy to him, and I was obliged to return with him ignominiously till, by a stroke of luck, after a mile of slow march I met a gendarme who knew me and dispatched my captor back to his post with ' a flea in his ear.'

http://www.alexanderpalace.org/hanbury/1916.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 14:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

AUCKLAND WEEKLY NEWS - 10 MAY 1917

BOYD, Bugler William, a returned soldier, Main Body Expeditionary Force, died at Auckland Hospital on Wednesday after a long illness. He was wounded in the head during the landing at Gallipoli, later suffering shrapnel wounds in the leg which necessitated his return to NZ. He was in hospital from February 1916 until his death. He is the son of William BOYD, Northcote St, North Sydney.

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sooty/awn10may1917.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 14:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Alexander Guchkov on Military and Civil Unrest in Russia, 10 May 1917

Reproduced below is the text of an address given by the post-February Revolution Minister of War, Alexander Guchkov, on 10 May 1917.
In his address Guchkov - who had received Tsar Nicholas II's formal abdication several months earlier - and who had been a moderate figure arguing in favour of constitutional reform both prior to and during wartime, argued that the fruits of the February Revolution were under threat on account of continuing "subversive" anarchy by elements in Russia. He argued that these figures sought "peace at any price and civil war, cost what it may".
In concluding Guchkov suggested that while it was not yet too late to save Russia from the "abyss", time was running short.


Alexander Guchkov on Russian Civil Unrest

Unfortunately the first feeling of radiant joy evoked by the revolution has given place to one of pain and anxiety.

The Provisional Government explained the cause of this in its recent declaration, in which it was pointed out that the destruction of the old forms of public life, to which an end had been put by the revolution, had been effected more rapidly than had the creation of new forms to replace them.

It is especially regrettable that the destruction has touched the political and social organization of the country before any life centre has had time to establish itself and to carry out the great creative work of regeneration.

How will the State emerge from this crisis? That is the question for solution and on which will depend not only the consolidation of the liberties won, but the issue of the war and the destinies of the country. In any case, the duality of power - and even polyarchy - and the consequent anarchy now prevailing in the country make its normal existence difficult.

Our poor country is fighting at an extraordinary hard conjuncture of an unparalleled war and internal troubles such as we never have seen before, and only a strong Governmental power able to rely on the confidence of the nation can save it.

We received a terrible legacy from the old regime, which was incapable of governing in time of peace and still less was able to do so while waging war.

We all know the conditions in which our valiant army defended every foot of Russian territory and how it still is carrying on a truly heroic but not hopeless struggle. One more effort and an effort by the whole country and the enemy will be beaten, but we have got to know first of all whether we can make this effort.

The coup d'etat found echoes in the army and navy which, believing in their creative strength, unanimously adhered to the new regime and set to work on a radical reform of the armed forces of the country.

For the moment we hoped our military powers would emerge from the salutary process regenerated and renewed in strength and that a new reasonable discipline would weld the army together, but that has not been the case, and we must frankly face the fact that our military might is weakened and disintegrated, being affected by the same disease as the country, namely, duality of power, polyarchy, and anarchy, only the malady is more acute.

It is not too late to cure it, but not a moment must be lost. Those who, either deliberately or not realizing what they were doing, have cast into our midst the subversive mot d'ordre "peace at the front and war in the country," those people, I say, are carrying on a propaganda of peace at any price and civil war, cost what it may.

That mot d'ordre must be smothered by another, that being "war at the front and peace within the country."

Gentlemen, some time ago the country realized that our motherland was in danger. Since then we have gone a step further, for our motherland is on the edge of an abyss.

Source Records of the Great War, Vol. V, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923, http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/russia_guchkov.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 14:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Tenth Battle Of The Isonzo

The Tenth Battle of the Isonzo was an Italian offensive against Austria-Hungary in the course of World War I.

With nine largely unsuccessful Isonzo battles conducted within an eighteen month period to date, Italian Chief of Staff Luigi Cadorna - responsible for launching all nine - became increasingly uncomfortable at the prospect of German intervention to aid their weakening Austro-Hungarian ally on the Italian Front.

http://timelines.com/1917/5/10/tenth-battle-of-the-isonzo
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 14:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

WALTER DRAYCOTT’S GREAT WAR CHRONICLE

Friday 10 May 1918 - Doctor & I go to Seighford. Visit the church which is very interesting. Monument to the Eld & Boyer or Bowyer families. Stop & see Seighford Hall, an old Elizabethan building.

http://greatwarchronicle.ca/2018/05/10/friday-10-may-1918/
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 10 Mei 2019 10:31, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 18:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 150, May 10, 1916

Says a writer in The Daily Chronicle: "In one neighbourhood within the Zeppelin zone there are hundreds of partridges who defy the Defence of the Realm Act. Two or three hours before anyone else is aware that the baby-killers are approaching these bold birds go chuckle, chuckle, chuckle, as if there were an army of the more human sort of poachers about." Personally we have always felt that the section of the Defence of the Realm Act which forbids one to go chuckle, chuckle, chuckle, when the Zeppelins are approaching is superfluous as well as in inferior taste.

Owing to the scarcity of tonnage, Denmark shipowners have put into commission two 18th-century sailing vessels. Meanwhile in the neighbourhood of Mount Ararat there is, we learn, some talk of organising an expedition for the recovery of the Ark with a view to her utilisation in the cattle-carrying trade.

"April 23rd was ... the 300th anniversary of the birth of Shakespeare and of the death of Shakespeare."—Daily Paper.
And to think of all he accomplished in less than twenty-four hours!

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/22992/22992-h/22992-h.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 20:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

"Patriotic Enlightenment" (May 10, 1917)

By 1917, enthusiasm for the war was waning. Fearing the spread of the Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD), which called for an immediate peace, the German military sought to provide “enlightenment” to soldiers and citizens. The army intensified the program of propaganda among the troops, and directed a campaign of public lectures, films, and other forms of enlightenment on the home front.

In the phase of the war that is now beginning, and which is in every sense decisive, sustaining the self-sacrificing and confident mood of the population is the first precondition of success. The Army’s Supreme Command has therefore decided to promote enlightenment activities at home in tandem with existing organizations, and to consolidate these activities under the unified direction of an Enlightenment Officer in the jurisdictions of each Corps Command.

Goal.
With the absolute banishment of all contentious political questions, the Enlightenment Office of the Corps Command is to employ all means – press, brochures, pamphlets, lectures, churches, schools, associations, clubs, theaters, movies, etc., to disseminate clarification about the causes and the purpose of this war, to successfully counteract the incitement and disenchantment that exists in many sectors of society, in order to strengthen the confidence and self-sacrifice of the population and to increase understanding about the events of this war. Every German must learn to recognize the reasons that led to this war against Germany, that the war has to do with the existence or destruction of the German people, and that we must particularly hold out in the coming months, in order to gain the prize of victory for three years of sacrifice and privations.

Special Points of Consideration.
The following points are particularly relevant; they assuredly do not represent anything new, but in the field of enlightenment, we may not shy away from repetition. We must hammer the truth repeatedly into the hearts of our fellow citizens: the enemy is suffering from the same problems in the food supply. It is true that that peace is not the equivalent of bread. However, a lessening of the difficulties in the food supply is not to be expected from a quick peace, only from a good peace. After the war, the whole world will be hungry, among other things because of the bad harvest throughout the world, but we least of all. But after a bad peace, in which we shall be forced to pay indemnities and lose territory, workers would be unable to pay the high food prices, agriculture would not be able to blossom anew, the economic restraints that the enemy intends to impose would not be removed, and our economic life would not function again. As a result, it is necessary to do without now so we can have something in peacetime. Mutual understanding must be improved between the city and the countryside. Two aspects are especially important here: influencing the countryside so that it recognizes the urban population’s need and the necessity to turn over foodstuffs, and influencing the urban population so they understand that the productive capacity of the countryside is not unlimited. In order to raise morale, we must exploit our military victories, the activity of our submarines, which all competent observers agree will prove decisive in the coming months, and the knowledge that our battle fleet represents the victorious shield of our unharmed coasts.

Lees verder op http://germanhistorydocs.ghi-dc.org/sub_document.cfm?document_id=943 , sowieso een heerlijke site.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 20:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter dated May 10, 1917

Coleridge [was] a small farming community in North-Eastern Nebraska. In 1919, it was proclaimed “The Most Patriotic Town in America” by the Omaha World Herald Newspaper. This title was probably well deserved, because although only 600 people lived there, 103 served in World War I.

One of those brave young men was Kinley John Cisney. The letters found on this site were written by him and sent home to his Mother and Father. There are more than 120 letters here, starting with the day Kinley left Coleridge to go to Sioux City to volunteer, through training at Fort Miley, California and deployment to “Somewhere in France” (Exactly where is described in the letter dated November 24, 1918).


Ft. Miley Calif.
May 10, 1917

Dear Old Mother & Father & others,

I received your most welcome letter, and it sure did have a good welcome too. Mother don't you worry about me reading your letter – yours was the best & easy read I ever read.

The weather here is not warm but cool & windy most all the time. As we are right on the coast, I can see worlds & worlds of water & mostly rough water too.

Now to describe our sleeping quarters. 8 of us to a tent & each have a cot. On the cot we have 1 mattress, 6 sheets & 2 wool Army blankets & we can put our over coats over us too. We also have a unit stove which keeps us pretty warm.

I had my pictures taken Sunday at the Cliff House, so you see I am getting fat. The grub here suit me alright, we have oatsmeal & meal potatoes & coffee for breakfast, Meat, coffee & potatoes, bread & pudding for dinner & about the same for supper. So you see the meals are not so bad as they made them (well will finish this after dinner)

Just back from dinner, had all I could hold. The pudding today was made of prunes & tapioca so you see I sure enjoyed it.

We were giving an inspection Sat. Morn. We had to polish our shoes, get a shave, brush our clothes & wash our leggings. Passed the inspection O. K. then.

We had Sat. afternoon off. We went to San Francisco. Was there all afternoon & evening. Took in a lot of shows & saw lots of great sites. Saw the new building they are putting up. It is costing 1,700,000. It is the Calif. Theater.

Saw them make some paved streets sure some work to it too. Then Sun. afternoon I went out to the beach saw thousands of people laying around on the beach letting the sand cover them up. There is rocks off in the ocean close to the Cliff House that is just covered with seals and at nite they sure do growl. Sounds like a bunch of cows.

We can get off after five every nite except Monday nite & we drill from 7 to 9 o'clock at nite. Then we are ready for bed. Well have to go drill will finish after retreat to nite.

After supper. Well today passed fast but awfully windy. Now for our drills & calls.

First call is 6:15 in the morning. Then roll call at 6:25, then breakfast mess call. Then 7:30 Artillery Drill. We dress in our over hauls & jacket & drill at the mortar guns.

Then at 9:15 we drill with rifles till 11:30. Then it is dinner & the afternoon we drill with rifles till 4:00 then rest till retreat which is 4:30.

As for our staying here, I don't know for sure how long we'll stay here. Might be sent out any time, we might be sent to France. It is all onto so what the War Department says.

We sure are learning fast or drilling fast. We have to clean up around camp every morning. So you see everything is sure clean, can take a bath every nite – if we want to.

My arm was pretty sore for a while, was swoll clear to the wrist but it is alright now. My arm wasn't sore long either, but I have to take two more occulations yet. Then I'll be clear of sickness.

We get inspected every morning now so we want like anything. There is a pretty jolly bunch of boys in my tent. All about the same age & sure happy

Well now I want you to tell all the kids to write as it gets pretty lonesome out here. As you were saying the people said you didn't care when I left. I know a lot, Father, & there is never a day passes but what I think of you and Dad & I can yet see the smiles on your faces. Oh them smiles sure put the pep into me. But don't never worry because I am going to be a man & a clean man & straight all the way threw. A lot of the boys here believe in drinking but not me no more. Well now tell all to write & I'll ans.

Your own true son,
Kinley Cisney
10th Company
Ft. Miley Calif.

http://www.small-town-big-war.com/19170510.html
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Pershing

May 10, 1917 - JOHN J. PERSHING , recently made a Major General after the death of his immediate superior, Frederick Funston, is called to Washington. At 10:30 am, Secretary of War Newton Baker informs him that he is to command the American troops to be sent to Europe.

http://www.worldwar1.com/dbc/pershing.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2010 21:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Convoy System
by I.T. Greig

(...) At the outbreak of World War I the Admiralty was prompt to introduce the convoy system for troop transports. But while convoys were instituted for troop transports, storeships and other special ships, and while the Grand Fleet never left harbour without an extensive anti-submarine, anti-torpedo-boat screen of escorting destroyers, not until May 1917 was any attempt made to protect the bulk of Britain’s extensive ocean-going merchant shipping through the traditional means of convoy and escort. How does one explain this curious paradox in the light of past history?

It stemmed from three misconceptions at the Admiralty which were shared to a greater or lesser extent by the Government of the day at the outbreak of the war.

Firstly, there was an obsession with the ‘decisive battle’ concept, the conviction that the main function of the Navy was not home defence or trade protection (which were essentially ‘defensive’ measures), but to seek out and destroy the enemy’s fleet (which was ‘offensive’). This thinking persisted right through into 1918 even though as early as 23 September 1916 the Admiralty was writing to the Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Fleet: ‘The British Fleet is vital to the success of the Allied cause. The German Fleet is of secondary importance; its loss would not vitally affect the cause of the Central Powers ...’

Secondly, there was the notion that as the dominant naval power Britain had nothing to fear from a weaker naval power which resorted to the guerre de course, or commerce raiding. But there was a fallacy in this argument. The guerre de course had never been attempted against a power so vulnerable to it as Britain now was. Britain imported nearly two-thirds of her food supplies, all her oil, most of her iron ore and other minerals and metals except coal.

Thirdly, while it was generally recognised in 1914 that the submarine posed a distinct threat to warships, with the notable exception of Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher, a former First Sea Lord, there was a complete failure to recognize its possibilities as a commerce raider. Here Admiralty thinking was in accord with that of the German Secretary of State for the Navy, Admiral von Tirpitz. He saw the submarine only as a defensive weapon for German harbours and their approaches. The early war successes of the U-boats surprised him.

The possibility of German submarines sinking merchantmen without warning was discarded in the pre-war Royal Navy as ‘impossible and unthinkable’. Churchill, on 1 January 1914, stated that he did not believe ‘this would ever be done by a civilised Power’. He was not alone in this error.

On the other hand, Lord Fisher, in a memorandum to Churchill in January 1914, was remarkably prescient. He pointed out that the submarine ‘cannot capture the merchant ship; she has no spare hands to put a prize crew on board; little or nothing would be gained by disabling her engines or propeller; she cannot convoy her into harbour; and, in fact, it is impossible for the submarine to deal with commerce in the light and provisions of international law ... There is nothing else the submarine can do except sink her capture’.

In 1915 British and Allied losses of merchant shipping totalled 1,3 million tons of which nearly 400 ships of over 1 million tons were sunk by U-boats. Worse was to follow in 1916: total losses were 2,3 million tons of which U-boats accounted for 964 ships of nearly 2 million tons. What was particularly worrying to the Admiralty and the Government was the marked increase in losses from October onwards.

By the latter part of October 1916, not quite five months after the Battle of Jutland, the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet, Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, realised that what mattered was no longer victory over the German High Seas Fleet, but over the submarine menace. In a memorandum of 29 October to Lord Balfour, the then First Lord of the Admiralty, he wrote: ‘There appears to be a serious danger that our losses in merchant ships, combined with the losses in neutral merchant ships, may by the early summer of 1917 have such a serious effect upon the import of food and other necessaries into allied countries as to force us into accepting peace terms, which the military position on the Continent would not justify and which would fall far short of our desires.’

On 2 November Jellicoe attended a meeting of the Government’s War Committee together with Admiral Sir Henry Jackson, the First Sea Lord, and Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Oliver, Chief of the War Staff and later Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff. Professor Temple Patterson, one of Jellicoe’s biographers, records that at this meeting ‘anti-submarine measures were discussed, including the convoy system, which all three admirals regarded as impracticable’.

Jellicoe relieved Sir Henry Jackson as First Sea Lord on 4 December 1916. On 16 December he established an Anti-Submarine Division of the Staff at the Admiralty with Rear-Admiral A.L. Duff as its Director.

Well into 1917 the Admiralty remained opposed to the introduction of an extensive convoy system as a means of ocean trade protection. In January of that year, the Admiralty War Staff issued a revised handbook on trade defence that condemned convoy in explicit terms. It stated: ‘The system of several ships sailing in company, as a convoy, is not recommended in any area where submarine attack is a possibility. It is evident that the larger the number of ships forming the convoy, the greater the chance of a submarine being enabled to attack successfully, and the greater the difficulty of the escort in preventing such an attack.’ In passing, it is worth pointing out that experience in the latter years of World War I showed that the last statement was a complete inversion of the truth and this was confirmed again in World War II by the operational research studies of Professor P.M.S. Blackett and others and proved by actual experience in the Battle of the Atlantic.

The arguments against introducing a general system of ocean convoy were lack of escorts; the fact that, unlike the convoys of the old wars, vessels were now proceeding in many different directions; the delays and loss of tonnage consequent on assembling vessels for convoy; the alternating slack times and congestion at the ports of loading and discharge; the variation in the speeds of merchant ships (as though in the days of sail all ships were of the same speed!); the inability of merchantmen to zigzag or keep proper station together (though presumably the troop transports had learnt this art). Other arguments, or excuses, were the danger of a convoy running into a minefield and the difficulties of assembling convoys in neutral countries such as the U.S.A. The truth of the matter was that naval thought was focussed too exclusively on battle and too little on the protection of shipping. In spite of Jellicoe’s memorandum to Balfour of 29 October 1916, it was still not appreciated that lack of shipping could lose the war without a single major engagement at sea.

Not that the Admiralty was backward in pursuing a number of anti-submarine measures, particularly after Jellicoe became First Sea Lord. Mine and net barrages were laid at vast expense; patrols and coastal air patrols were increased; merchantmen continued to be armed and were evasively routed; auxiliary patrols were established to hunt U-boats in focal areas near the coast. At a number of bases the Admiralty established special ‘hunting patrols’ for hunting U-boats on the approach routes, and in March of 1917 there were detailed and definite systems of varying approach routes for homeward-bound ships where protection could be provided by patrol craft. None of these measures achieved much success either in protecting shipping or in destroying U-boats. Indeed, the approach route system and patrols did more harm than good because the U-boats were able to locate the traffic routes by the mere presence of the patrolling vessels. They could sight the patrols before they themselves were sighted; all they had to do was to dive until the patrol had passed, and then resume their lookout for merchantmen.

A change of strategy was forced upon the Admiralty by the resumption of unrestricted U-boat warfare by Germany on 1 February 1917 which lead to a drastic increase in shipping losses. In his memorandum of 22 December 1916, urging the opening of an unrestricted submarine warfare campaign, the German Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral von Holtzendorff, estimated that Britain was fed and supplied by some 10 750 000 tons of shipping of which 3 000 000 tons was from neutrals. Judging from experience gained in 1915 and 1916, he believed that unrestricted U-boat warfare should account for 600 000 tons of British and Allied shipping each month and that at least 1 200 000 tons of neutral shipping would be frightened away. After five months shipping to and from Great Britain would have been reduced by some 39 per cent. He concluded: ‘England would not be able to stand that ... I do not hesitate to assert that, as matters now stand, we can force England to make peace in five months by means of an unrestricted U-boat campaign.’

Admiral von Holtzendorff’s forecast of the results of unrestricted U-boat warfare proved uncomfortably accurate. In February 1917 the U-boats sank 464 599 tons of British, Allied and neutral shipping; in March 507 001 tons; in April 834 549 (an average for the three months of just over 602 000 tons per month). These sinkings were achieved by the Germans at a cost to themselves of only ten U-boats of which certainly two, and perhaps three, were lost by accident. In fact the situation was far more perilous for Britain than even these figures suggest, for they do not include the many ships damaged and laid up for repair, or the disruption to movements of shipping caused by the mere threat of the U-boats. At the end of February over 600 neutral vessels in Allied ports had refused to sail. Worst of all was the continuing steep rise in the curve of tonnage losses. British ocean-going vessels (1 600 tons gross and upwards), which were vital for the North Atlantic trade, were the principal victims of the holocaust: 120 were lost during April, over 90 per cent of the British losses by tonnage. Professor A.J. Marder sums it up bluntly: ‘The chance of an ocean-going steamer leaving the United Kingdom and returning safely was but one in four’.

It was clear that what Admiral Doenitz was later to describe as ‘the tonnage war’ was running heavily against Britain. It would soon be impossible to supply the needs of both the civilian population and of the armies in France and elsewhere.

On 26 April 1917, Rear-Admiral Duff submitted an important memorandum to the First Sea Lord which opened with the surprising statement: ‘It seems to me evident that the time has arrived when we must be ready to introduce a comprehensive scheme of convoy at any moment’. He proposed convoy of all vessels under 15 knots (later changed to 12 knots), British Allied and neutral, in the North and South Atlantic. On 30 April Jellicoe informed Admiral Sims of the U.S. Navy that ‘the Admiralty had not definitely decided that the convoy system should be adopted, but there was every intention of giving it a fair trial’.

What brought about this sudden change in attitude was, first of all, the appalling rate of sinkings. As Doctor Johnson once put it, ‘Depend upon it, when a man knows he is about to be hanged, it concentrates his mind wonderfully’. That was the Admiralty’s position. All other methods having failed, there was no alternative but to give the despised convoy system a trial, especially as there were strong indications that the Prime Minister, Lloyd George, was going to press for this. Also, America’s entry into the war on 6 April gave hope that the shortage of escorts might be eased and resolved the doubts about being able to assemble convoys in U.S. ports. Furthermore, early in April, Commander R.G.H. Henderson in Admiral Duff’s Division had established that the number of ships requiring ocean convoy was far less than the Admiralty had hitherto, mistakenly, believed. Not more than 280 vessels a week would require ocean convoy, whether homeward- or outward-bound.

Finally, there was what Admiral Duff described in his memorandum as the ‘unexpected immunity from successful submarine attack ... of the French Coal Trade’. French industry was heavily dependent on coal supplies from Britain. There had been heavy losses of the colliers engaged in this trade during the last quarter of 1916 and French factories were shutting down through lack of coal. As a result of representations by the French, a system of ‘controlled sailings’, mainly with trawler escorts, was brought into force in February 1917. It was an immediate success. Between then and the end of April the U-boats sank a mere 5 of the nearly 2 600 such ships sailed in convoy (or a loss rate of 0,19 per cent). For the whole war 37 927 ships were convoyed for the loss of only 53 (or 0,14 per cent).

On 10 May a trial convoy of 17 merchant vessels (6 1/2 knots average speed) left Gibraltar, escorted through the danger zone as far as 11° West by three armed yachts, and two Q-ships as ocean escorts. They were met outside the submarine danger zone, some 200 miles from the English Channel, by eight destroyers from Devonport and later given a flying boat from the Scillies as air escort. The experiment was a complete success. Not a ship was lost, station-keeping was quite good, and the convoy made the voyage in two days less than would have been the case had the ships come home independently on the various devious routes which were then prescribed. In May and June five homeward-bound Atlantic convoys were run from Hampton Roads, Virginia, again with considerable success. Out of a total of seventy-three ships in these convoys only one, a straggler, was torpedoed and sunk.

However, it was only slowly that the convoy system was extended and not until the end of the year that the complete system was in operation. The Admiralty were still inclined to drag their feet about convoy and there was difficulty in providing the necessary escorts, largely because the Admiralty still clung to its system of patrols and hunting groups, and the Grand Fleet still believed that its destroyer/capital ship ratio must be of the order of 2:1.

Nevertheless, from August onwards the rate of shipping losses declined significantly. By the end of October 1917, to quote Professor Marder again, ‘it was apparent that the convoy system was a success - that an effective reply to the U-boats had been found, even if the merchant tonnage loss rate was still uncomfortably high ... By the end of the year the last doubts about the efficacy of convoy had been removed.’

Convoy proved far less wasteful in carrying capacity of ships than its original opponents had claimed. For one thing, convoys were not held up in harbours or the approaches to them through threats of mines or U-boats as happened to single ships. The minesweepers would sweep a channel and the convoy with its escort would proceed on its way. Furthermore, direct routing, as opposed to evasive routing, could save substantial time on passage as we saw in the case of the first trial convoy from Gibraltar.

Another useful lesson which was learnt in this war but which, unfortunately, had to be learnt all over again in World War II, was the value of combining air and surface escorts for convoys where U-boats were likely. Aerial patrols by themselves proved of as little value as hunting patrols by surface vessels. But an aircraft or airship proved a valuable adjunct to the surface escort of a convoy. For one thing, when the air escort preceded the convoy at a distance it caused U-boats to submerge, which reduced their power of manoeuvering into a good attack position. During the whole war only five ships were sunk in convoy when an air escort was present as well as a surface anti-submarine escort and this in spite of the fact that, owing to the lack of any weapon with which to attack a submerged submarine, aircraft sank none.

Interessant artikel. http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol064ig.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 20:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

GREG'S WAR - The war experiences of 2nd Lt. C. E. Gregory RFC/RAF in 1918

Friday 10 May 1918 – Hursley Park - Although Greg’s pilot’s log book shows that his first flight from Hursley Park/Worthy Down wasn’t until Thursday 16 May 1918, he must have arrived a little before then, and possibly had some initial classroom instruction before he took to the air over Hampshire.

So perhaps it was around 10 May that Greg arrived at Winchester station and was driven the five miles or so past what was then known as Oliver Cromwell’s Battery (an iron age hill fort, reused as a camp by the Roundheads in the English Civil War) to Hursley.

There he would have first set eyes on the magnificent Queen Anne-style mansion that is Hursley House, set in its surrounding parkland.

Mooie site! https://gregswar.com/2018/05/10/friday-10-may-1918-hursley-park/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 21:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Curtiss JN Jenny

Although it had a British foundation, the Curtiss Jenny is considered as American as apple pie, and is one of the most famous airplanes produced by the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company. No other WWI airplane had been built in greater numbers, and by the time war had ended, more than 10,000 Jennys had been delivered.1

In 1914, Glenn Curtiss realized that the pusher aircraft was obsolete and that the Europeans were preeminent in tractor designs. Curtiss traveled to England for ideas, and while visiting the Sopwith Aviation Company he met a young engineer by the name of Benjamin Douglas Thomas.2 He asked Thomas to design a tractor airplane for him, and Thomas came up with the Model J. (In later years, Thomas would also be involved in the design of the H-1 America.)3 The first flight of the Model J was May 10, 1914, and achieved a speed of 85.7 mph, making it the fastest plane in the United States.4 Curtiss was also working on his own tractor design, the Model N, and the two models were combined, incorporating the best characteristics of the Curtiss J and N models. While production of the N model continued, the J Model was dropped in favor of the JN or Jenny.5

1. Murray Rubenstein & Richard M. Goldman. To Join with Eagles. A complete illustrated history of Curtiss Wright aircraft from 1903 to 1965. (Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc. 1974.) 39.
2. Louis S. Casey. Curtiss, The Hammondsport Era, 1907 - 1915. (New York: Crown Publishers, 1981.) 177.
3. Ibid.
4. Murray Rubenstein & Richard M. Goldman. 40.
5. Peter M. Bowers. Curtiss Aircraft, 1907 - 1947. (Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1987.) 143.


Lees vooral verder op http://www.aviation-history.com/curtiss/jn4.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 21:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

GEDENKTEKEN 3de LINIEREGIMENT

Aan de westelijke oever van het kanaal Ieper-IJzer, bij de brug in het gehucht Steenstrate, staat een gedenkteken voor de doden van het 3de Linieregiment.

Het vervangt het vroegere monument dat was aangebracht aan de Steenstratebrug. Boven op de twee uiteinden van de brugleuningen werden drie bronzen geweren tegen elkaar geplaatst. De stenen brugleuningen werden versierd met bronzen palmen en herinneringsplaten. De Nederlandse tekst luidde : "Ter roemrijke nagedachtenis aan de 162 officieren, onderofficieren en soldaten van het 3e linieregiment, die van 24 april tot 10 mei 1915, gevallen zijn te Steenstraat by hun deelneming aan het stuiten van het Duitsch offensief, dat op 22 april losgeketend werd met stikgassen".

Dit 3de linieregiment was vóór de eerste wereldoorlog in Oostende en Ieper gekazerneerd. Van 24 april 1915 tot 10 mei 1915 was het hier achter het kanaal opgesteld en leed er aanzienlijke verliezen bij de Duitse gasaanvallen.

Op 28 mei 1940 lieten aftrekkende Britse troepen de brug springen waardoor dit monument vernield werd. Gelukkig had oudstrijder Achiel Durnez uit Zuidschote lont geroken. Hij kon nog net op tijd de bronzen platen losschroeven en verstopte ze bij zich thuis.

Op 26 april 1953 werd het nieuwe monument ingehuldigd door de verbroedering van de oudstrijders van het 3de en 23ste linieregiment. De oorspronkelijke bronzen platen werden opnieuw gebruikt.

Het is een eenvoudig wit stenen kruis met een uitgebeiteld zwartgeschilderd zwaard. Op de voet van het kruis hangt een bronzen plaat met het cijfer 3 onder de koninklijke kroon : het nummer van het regiment met het kenteken van de linie-infanterie. Links en rechts, tegen het boogvormige omheiningsmuurtje hangen de oorspronkelijke tekstplaten.

http://www.digilife.be/teleducatie/vbssj/omd98/omd1.htm
Zie ook http://inventaris.vioe.be/woi/relict/664
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 21:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Nelson Mandela

Op 10 mei 1994 wordt Nelson Mandela (1918-2013) in de Zuid-Afrikaanse hoofdstad Pretoria beëdigd als de eerste zwarte president van Zuid-Afrika.

http://pleinbioscooprotterdam.nl/archief/1994/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 21:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

May 10, 1916: 'The Sun, Uranus and Mars are all in evil aspect'
Ben Welter under Minnesota History, May 10, 2010

The Minneapolis Tribune began publishing a daily horoscope in March 1914. The earliest ones are credited to Leo Bernart. The uncredited horoscope below was distributed by the McClure Newspaper Syndicate.

Horoscope - “The stars incline, but do not compel.”

According to astrology, this is an unfortunate day, since Venus, the Sun, Uranus and Mars are all in evil aspect and Jupiter alone is friendly.
In the early hours it is well to be exceedingly careful in all important matters.

Women should be exceedingly cautious in all love affairs, as they are likely to be easily deceived and greatly disappointed.

It is not a good rule under which to make new friends of the opposite sex. The middle aged again are warned of a tendency toward sentimentality that may be easily produced by this position of the stars.

Mars indicates a sudden sharpening of interest in military affairs.

There is a sign fairly auspicious for commercial transactions. Bankers and financiers should profit from this sway.

The Sun gives sinister warning. Under this direction it is most unwise to seek favors of any sort.

There is a sign indicating a tendency toward egotism and pride on the part of persons in public place. This may cause misfortune for certain ambitious politicians.

In states where women have the franchise there may be surprising incidents followed by extraordinary results for favorite candidates for high office, the seers declare.

Honors for women will balance certain revelations that may be unpleasant concerning well known personalities.

Astrology indicates a new vogue for flowers or rather an increased use of them, owing to some sort of a philanthropic movement.

Cyclones may be more prevalent this season than for many previous years.

Fame for a preacher who will come from the west is prognosticated.

The appearance of many teachers of mysterious creeds is again predicted.

Persons whose birthdate it is should pursue routine ways during the coming year. Changes will be unlucky.

Children born on this day may meet many vicissitudes in life. Secret enemies often retard the progress of these subjects of Taurus. –

Copyright, 1916, by McClure Newspaper Syndicate, http://www.startribune.com/local/blogs/93328884.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 21:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum in Amsterdam

De stad Amsterdam maakt aan het begin van de twintigste eeuw een bloeiperiode door. Met de nieuwe, in Amsterdam opgerichte, stoomvaartmaatschappijen gaat het buitengewoon goed. Dit vormt aanleiding voor het Amsterdams bedrijfsleven om bij het eeuwfeest van de bevrijding van de Franse bezetting, in 1913, een scheepvaarttentoonstelling te organiseren onder de naam Eerste Nederlandsche Tentoonstelling op Scheepvaartgebied (ENTOS).

Om historische voorwerpen aan te trekken, komt een ‘Vereeniging Historische Afdeling der ENTOS’ van de grond. Dit is de voorloper van de op 10 mei 1916 opgerichte Vereeniging Nederlands Historisch Scheepvaart Museum die de tijd rijp acht voor een nationaal scheepvaartmuseum. Fondsen verwerft men onder Amsterdamse rederijen. In korte tijd is een startbedrag van een miljoen gulden bijeengebracht. Hiervan is 600.000 gulden bestemd voor huisvesting en 400.000 voor de verzameling, het begin van een indrukwekkende maritieme collectie.

http://www.maritiemnederland.com/scheepvaartmuseum-op-de-schop.23571.lynkx
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 21:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

CITÉ BONJEAN MILITARY CEMETERY and the New Zealand Memorial - Armentieres - Nord - France

Shot at Dawn: Private A. H. Robinson, 9th Bn. Northumberland Fusiliers, executed for desertion 10/05/1916, plot 1. A. 18.

http://www.ww1cemeteries.com/ww1frenchcemeteries/citebonjean.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 21:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Oorlogsdagboek Joris van Severen, 10 mei 1918: sublieme deserteurs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=36H1daqJn7o
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 21:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De openingszitting van het Hollands-Scandinavisch Comité in Stockholm, 10 mei 1917

IISG BG B9/825, http://www.flickr.com/photos/iisg/4067967059/in/set-72157622592850695
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 22:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

10 mei 1918 | Nieuwsbericht | Oorlog in Alveringem

Alphonse Buyle is op 15 juli 1892 geboren in Sint-Niklaas. Hij is de ongehuwde zoon van Eduardus Antonius en Stephania Van Puymbroeck. Zijn ouders zijn op 03 november 1880 in het huwelijk getreden en vestigen zich in de Langhalsbeekstraat 45, eveneens te Sint-Niklaas. Vader Buyle is wever van beroep. Hun ongehuwde zoon Alphonse treedt als oorlogsvrijwilliger in dienst van het Belgisch leger.

Op 10 mei 1918 om 1.30 uur 's nachts staat hij op wacht in de loopgrachten in Kaaskerke en krijgt daar een geweerkogel in het hoofd. Hij wordt geëvacueerd naar het Belgisch militair hospitaal van Hoogstade, dat gevestigd is in het Gasthuis Clep en overlijdt daar nog dezelfde ochtend om 7.15 uur.

Het slachtoffer wordt op 13 mei 1918 begraven op de Belgische militaire begraafplaats van Oeren, grafnummer 593. De gesneuvelde staat op het herdenkingsmonument in Sint-Niklaas.

http://www.oorlogserfgoedalveringem.be/nl/10-mei-1918
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 22:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Armeense vluchtelingen uit Rusland

Van: Prjevalsky, de legeraanvoerder van de Russische krijgsmachten aan het Kaukasusfront
Naar: Algemeen Gouverneur der Krijgsmachten, Tblisi (huidig Georgië)
Datum: 10 mei 1917
Telegramnummer: 4269

“Armeense vluchtelingen uit Rusland vertrekken naar het Osmaanse rijk om zich voor te bereiden op een gewapende aanval op het Osmaanse rijk”

http://www.dearmeensekwestie.nl/index.php/russische-archieven/armeense-vluchtelingen-uit-rusland.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Mei 2011 22:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Francis Charteris Davidson, St Marys Church Haddington

To the Glory of God and in dear memory of Francis Charteris Davidson, Indian Civil Service attached South Waziristan Militia born 1889 Fell in action 10th May 1917 at Sarwekai. Son of Henry Chisholm Davidson, Bombay Revenue Survey and Grandson of Colonel Sir David Davidson K.C.B of this Burgh.

DAVIDSON, FRANCIS CHARTERIS
Initials: F C
Nationality: Indian
Rank: Captain
Regiment/Service: Indian Army Reserve of Officers
Secondary Regiment: Military Police and Levies
Secondary Unit Text: formerly 110th Mahratta Light Inf., attd. South Waziristan Militia
Age: 27
Date of Death: 10/05/1917
Additional information: Son of Ada Annie Davidson, of 44, Westbourne Park Villas, Paddington, London, and the late Henry Chisholm Davidson.
Casualty Type: Commonwealth War Dead
Grave/Memorial Reference: Face 23.
Memorial: DELHI MEMORIAL (INDIA GATE)

http://warmemscot.s4.bizhat.com/warmemscot-ftopic6012.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 10:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ostend and Zeebrugge, April 23: May 10, 1918
Author: Keyes, Roger John Brownlow Keyes, Baron, 1872-1945; Terry, Charles Sanford, 1864-1936

Evidence reported by Alyson-Wieczorek for item ostendzeebrugge.

Te downloaden via http://www.archive.org/details/ostendzeebruggea00keye
Ook hier vermeld: http://www.oostende.be/product/91/default.aspx?_vs=1_n&id=5937
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 10:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Claresholm Review-Advertiser, 10 mei 1918

http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/newspapers/CRA/1918/05/10/1/Ar00103.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 10:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Aleksej Evert

Aleksej Jermolajevitsj Evert (Russisch: Алексей Ермолаевич Эверт) (Vereja (Oblast Moskou), 10 februari 1857 - 10 mei 1918) was een Russisch generaal tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog. Hij nam deel aan het Narotsj-offensief en Broesilov-offensief.

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleksej_Evert
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 10:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Fragment beeld Lode de Boninge

Beeld afkomstig van de gedynamiteerde Ijzertoren, Lode de Boninge voorstellende. Louis de Boninge werd geboren als Franstalige notariszoon te Antwerpen op 26 november 1896 en liep school van 1906 tot 1913 aan het Sint-Amandscollege te Kortrijk en vanaf 1914 aan het seminarie van de Witte Paters te Boechout. Bij het uitbreken van WOI zette hij zijn opleiding voort in Boxtel - Nederland. In november 1915 werd hij opgeroepen, op 15 februari 1916 vatte hij zijn opleiding aan als brancardier te Auvours (Frankrijk) en 4 maanden later kwam hij aan op het Ijzerfront. Hij ontplooide zich als medewerker van het frontblaadje 'Sint-Amandus Studentenblad' en werd stichter-redacteur van 'De Leiekerels'. Aanvankelijk vermeed De Boninge elke discussie over de Vlaamse problematiek. In de loop van 1917 radicaliseerde hij tot het flamigantisme, wat tot uiting komt in zijn dagboek. Hij vormde zijn voornaam om tot Lode en eind 1917 sloot hij zich aan bij de Frontbeweging. Zijn leuze was 'Recht door zee'. Na een mislukte vliegtocht te Hondschote werd hij opgepakt en door de krijgsraad (na beroep) veroordeeld tot 6 maanden voorwaardelijk. Op 7 mei 1918 werd hij op 22-jarige leeftijd bij een actie dodelijk getroffen door een obusinslag, te Sint-Joris bij Nieuwpoort. Hij werd begraven op 10 mei 1918 in De Panne (Duinhoek). Na de oorlog werd zijn stoffelijk overschot overgebracht naar zijn familiegraf op het gemeentelijk kerkhof te Wevelgem (1921). In 1934 werd hij op de Ijzerbedevaart verheven tot Ijzersymbool. Zowel te Kortrijk als te Wevelgem werd een straat naar hem genoemd.

http://inventaris.vioe.be/woi/relict/413
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 10:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Daniel Bell (May 10, 1919)

At the time of Daniel Bell's death in January of this year, I learned quite a bit about his influence and accomplishments, of which I had little prior awareness. He was a member of a circle of American Jewish intellectuals including Irving Kristol, Irving Howe, and Nathan Glazer.

According to his obituary in the New York Times, Bell had the religious trajectory typical of many intellectual Jews in his generation: he became a nonbeliever and a socialist at the time of his Bar Mitzvah, and later became part of a secular Marxist leftist Jewish circle at City College of New York including Kristol, Howe, and Glazer.

The Times Literary Supplement (London) ranked two of Bell’s books, “The End of Ideology” and the “Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism” among the 100 most influential books since World War II. He was a leader in liberal and left-wing thought for many years, and participated in active discussions of ideology as the prominent associates of his youth moved far to the right.

From his obituary:

"Indeed, for all the ideological wars he had witnessed, Mr. Bell disdained labels, particularly as they were applied to him. Over the years he would offer his own political profile, declaring what he called his 'triune' view of himself: 'a socialist in economics, a liberal in politics and a conservative in culture.'"

http://hero-or-antihero.blogspot.com/2011/05/daniel-bell-may-10-1919.html
Ook hier: http://www.historischnieuwsblad.nl/00/hn/nl/0/artikel/27243/Maarten_van_Rossem.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 10:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Remembering: On May 10, 1919 - James "Jas" Reese Europe Died - He Coined The Term Jazz
Jet Magazine, May 15, 1952

http://www.flickr.com/photos/vieilles_annonces/1194027709/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 10:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Wilhelm II (Prins Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht von Preußen)

Naar mate de oorlog zich voortsleepte nam de macht van de keizer verder af en kreeg Duitsland meer en meer een militair dictatorschap onder leiding van Hindenburg en Ludendorff. De rol van Wilhelm II beperkte zich tot militaire inspecties en een sporadische dreigende toespraak. In het najaar van 1918, na nog een laatste lente-offensief dat faalde, werd duidelijk dat Duitsland de oorlog zou gaan verliezen. Dit resulteerde in het aftreden van Wilhelm II op 9 november 1918, terwijl twee uur later de Duitse republiek werd uitgeroepen door Scheidemann. De keizer was op dat moment al niet meer in Berlijn. Eind oktober was hij door Hindenburg teruggestuurd naar het militaire hoofdkwartier in het Belgische Spa om bij de troepen te zijn. Een dag na zijn aftreden vertrok de keizer met zijn gevolg naar het neutrale Nederland.

In de vroege ochtend van 10 november 1918 kwam Wilhelm II vanuit België met een colonne auto's aan bij de Nederlands grens in Eijsden. Het zou tot na middernacht duren voordat hij officieel de grens mocht passeren van de totaal verraste lokale autoriteiten. De regering kwam bijeen en besloot de keizer als vluchteling toe te laten. Aan het begin van de avond vertrok een delegatie per trein naar Maastricht om dit de keizer mede te delen. Dit gebeurde uiteindelijk om half een 's nachts. De volgende ochtend kon Wilhelm II verder reizen per trein naar Amerongen om ondergebracht te worden in kasteel Amerongen. Hier was hij te gast bij graaf Bentinck.

Met het aftreden van de keizer was aan een belangrijke voorwaarde van de geallieerden voor de vrede gedaan en op 11 november werd in het bos van Compiègne de wapenstilstand gesloten.

In Duitsland werd met ongeloof en afkeuring gereageerd op de vlucht van de keizer. In geallieerde landen werd verbaasd gereageerd op het opvangen van de keizer door Nederland, zeker nu van Duitsland niets meer te vrezen viel.

Op 28 november 1918 tekende Wilhelm II de definitieve acte van troonafstand. Het duurde uiteindelijk tot 10 mei 1919 voordat de Nederlandse regering de voormalige keizer officieel asiel zou verlenen. Maar omdat in het vredesverdrag een artikel was opgenomen waarin de berechting van Wilhelm II werd verlangd, ontving de Nederlandse regering in januari 1920 een formeel uitleveringsverzoek. De keizer werd geacht verantwoordelijk te zijn voor onder meer het schenden van de Belgische neutraliteit en massadeportaties. Nederland weigerde als neutrale staat en werd daarna ook niet verder verzocht om Wilhelm II uit te leveren.

In dat jaar betrok de keizer het door hem gekochte Huize Doorn. De meegenomen voorwerpen uit de diverse paleizen arriveerden in negenenvijftig treinwagons (!) via Zeist in Doorn. Alles was bewust geselecteerd, waarbij drie motieven de leidraad vormden: als eerste de roemrijke familie van Wilhelm II en in het bijzonder zijn grote voorbeeld Frederik de Grote van Pruissen; als tweede de banden tussen het Huis Hohenzollern van de Duitse keizer en het Nederlandse koningshuis Oranje Nassau; en ten derde geschenken van buitenlandse vorsten en persoonlijke voorwerpen.

http://www.dodenakkers.nl/beroemd/politiek/213-wilhelmii.html
Ook hier: http://www.wereldoorlog1418.nl/keizer-wilhelm/vlucht/index.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2019 10:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Oostende New Communal Cemetery

Oostende New Communal Cemetery is een Britse militaire begraafplaats met gesneuvelden uit de Eerste- en Tweede Wereldoorlog, gelegen in de Belgische stad Oostende. Ze ligt binnen de gemeentelijke begraafplaats van Oostende in de Stuiverstraat op 2,3 km ten zuiden van stadscentrum (Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk). Ze omvat twee perken die werden ontworpen door George Goldsmith en waarin samen 416 slachtoffers begraven liggen.

(...) Tot oktober 1914 werd de haven van Oostende door de Britse Marine Brigade als basis voor watervliegtuigen gebruikt en werd om die reden door hen verdedigd. Vanaf 15 oktober echter werd de haven door Duitse troepen ingenomen. De stad werd daarna regelmatig door de Koninklijke Marine beschoten en door vliegtuigen van de geallieerden gebombardeerd. Op 23 april 1918 werd een poging ondernomen om de haven te blokkeren zodat geen vijandelijke U-boten en torpedobootjagers meer konden uitvaren. Deze poging mislukte echter. Op 10 mei 1918 ondernam men een tweede poging door de twee verouderde kruisers Sappho en Vindictive in de havengeul van Oostende tot zinken te brengen. Deze poging lukte slechts gedeeltelijk doordat de Sappho al heel vroeg verloren ging en de Vindictive op de verkeerde plaats terechtkwam. Uiteindelijke werd de stad en de haven op 17 oktober 1918 door de geallieerde grondtroepen zonder tegenstand ingenomen.

Op de begraafplaats rusten 49 Britten en 1 Canadees uit deze oorlog (7 onder hen konden niet meer geïdentificeerd worden).

https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oostende_New_Communal_Cemetery
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2019 10:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Bayonet pictorial section, 10 May 1918

Uit de Margaret Ethel Kelley Kern Papers, http://www.virginiamemory.com/transcribe/items/show/2661
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