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14 April
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Merlijn



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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Apr 2006 7:52    Onderwerp: 14 April Reageer met quote

Der österreichisch-ungarische Heeresbericht:
Fortdauer der Kämpfe südlich von Riva

Wien, 14. April.
Amtlich wird verlautbart:
Russischer Kriegsschauplatz:

Gestern standen unsere Linien an der unteren Strypa, am Dnjestr und nordöstlich von Czernowitz unter heftigem Geschützfeuer. In der Nacht kam es im Mündungswinkel der unteren Strypa und südöstlich von Buczacz zu starken Vorfeldkämpfen, die teilweise noch fortdauern. Im südlichsten Teil des Gefechtsfeldes wurde die Besatzung einer vorgeschobenen Schanze in die Hauptstellung zurückgenommen. Nordöstlich von Jasloviec drang der Feind gleichfalls in eine unserer Vorstellungen ein, wurde aber durch einen raschen Gegenangriff wieder hinausgeworfen, wobei wir einen russischen Offizier, drei Fähnriche und 100 Mann gefangen nahmen. An der von Buczacz nach Czortkow führenden Straße bemächtigte sich ein österreichisch-ungarisches Streifkommando durch Überfall einer russischen Vorposition.
Auch gegen die Front der Armee Erzherzog Joseph Ferdinand entfaltete die feindliche Artillerie erhöhte Tätigkeit.

Italienischer Kriegsschauplatz:
Das beiderseitige Geschützfeuer wurde, soweit es die Sichtverhältnisse erlaubten, auch gestern fortgesetzt. Am Mrzli Vrh bemächtigten sich unsere Truppen einer Vorstellung und schlugen wiederholte Gegenangriffe unter schweren Verlusten der Italiener ab. Bei Flitsch und Pontebba nahm unsere Artillerie die feindlichen Stellungen unter kräftiges Feuer.
An der Tiroler Front schritt der Feind an mehreren Stellen zum Angriff. Seine Versuche, sich im Sugana-Abschnitte unserer Stellungen auf den Höhen beiderseits Novaledo zu bemächtigen, wurden abgewiesen. An der Ponalestraße räumten unsere Truppen heute nacht die Verteidigungsmauer südlich Sperone und setzten sich in der nächsten Stellung fest. Im Adamellogebiet besetzten Alpini den Grenzrücken Dosson di Genova; südlich des Stilfser Jochs scheiterte ein feindlicher Angriff auf den Monte Scorluzzo.

Südöstlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Unverändert.

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Laatst aangepast door Merlijn op 14 Apr 2006 8:06, in toaal 2 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Apr 2006 8:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

April 14

1916 Battle of Lake Naroch ends

The Battle of Lake Naroch, an offensive on the Eastern Front by the Russian army during World War I, ends on this day in 1916 after achieving little success against German positions near Lake Naroch and the Russian town of Vilna (in modern-day Lithuania).

With French forces under heavy attack at the fortress town of Verdun, French Commander in Chief Joseph Joffre called on his allies in early 1916 to launch offensive operations of their own in order to divert German resources and ease pressure on Verdun. Britain’s answer to this entreaty would come only months later, at the Somme in June. Czar Nicholas II and the Russian chief of staff, General Mikhail Alekseyev, responded more quickly, with a planned offensive drive in the Vilna-Naroch region, where 1.5 million Russian soldiers would face just 1 million combined German and Austro-Hungarian troops. In their haste to come to France’s aid, however, the Russian command seemed to overestimate the capability and preparedness of their own troops, especially against the well-trained, well-organized German army machine.

The Russian offensive, launched on March 18, 1916, began with a two-day-long artillery bombardment (the longest yet seen on the Eastern Front) against the Germans that for the most part failed to do the planned damage due to inaccuracy. Russian infantry troops from the Tenth Army, commanded by General Alexei Evert, then moved forward against a heavily fortified German defense, suffering heavy casualties. Due to the spring thaw, many of the approaching infantrymen became bogged down in the mud, slowing the offensive; the lack of an effective supply system also hurt the Russians, as the battle stretched on for almost a month. A smaller operation near Riga, begun on March 21 by the northern Russian army division of General Alexei Kuropatkin, met with equal results.

By the time artillery attacks were shut down on April 14, the Germans had recovered the entirety of what little ground they had lost. Russian casualties numbered 110,000, while the Germans lost only 20,000. Both armies’ casualty rates were boosted by deaths due to exposure to the harsh northern weather: 12,000 Russian soldiers died from frostbite.

Also on April 14, as battle concluded around Lake Naroch, General Alexei Brusilov, commander of the Russian South-west Army, presented his plan for an ambitious attack along a broad stretch of the Eastern Front, to take place within the coming month. Like the British with their Somme offensive, Brusilov saw the heavy German involvement at Verdun as an opportunity to launch new attacks elsewhere. The famed Brusilov Offensive, launched June 4, 1916, would secure more territory than any other Allied offensive of the war and would succeed not only in diverting German attention and resources from Verdun but would also nearly knock Austria-Hungary out of the war.

Meanwhile, in the British trenches on the Western Front that same day, Winston Churchill, then in command of an infantry battalion, wrote to his wife, Clementine, expressing anxiety over the planned increase in fighting on all fronts due to the upcoming Allied offensives: “I greatly fear the general result. More than I have ever done before, I realize the stupendous nature of the task; and the unwisdom with which our affairs are conducted makes me almost despair at times of a victorious issue…Do you think we should succeed in an offensive, if the Germans cannot do it at Verdun with all their skill and science?”
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Apr 2006 8:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Großes Hauptquartier, 14. April.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:


Auf dem Schlachtfelde an der Lys gewannen wir im zähen Kampf Boden. Südlich vom Douvebach durchstießen die Truppen des Generals v. Eberhardt die feindliche Stellung südwestlich von Wulverghem und erstürmten nach erbittertem Ringen mit englischen zum Gegenangriff angesetzten Verbänden Nieuwekerke. Ein in den Abendstunden durchgeführter Angriff unter Führung des Generals Märcker brachte uns in den Besitz der Höhe westlich vom Orte. Bei Bailleul wurde wechselvoll gekämpft. Die Orte Merres und Vieux Berquin wurden genommen. Dem Schlachtfelde zustrebende feindliche Kolonnen erlitten in unserem durch Erd- und Luftbeobachtung wirksam geleiteten Feuer schwere Verluste. An der Schlachtfront zu beiden Seiten der Somme Artilleriekämpfe. Ein Angriff mehrerer französischer Bataillone gegen Hainvillers brach blutig zusammen. Zahlreiche Gefangene blieben in unserer Hand. Nördlich von Mihiel führten wir einen erfolgreichen Vorstoß gegen amerikanische Truppen aus, fügten ihnen schwere Verluste zu und brachten Gefangene zurück.
Im Luftkampf wurden in beiden letzten Tagen 37 feindliche Flugzeuge und 3 Fesselballone abgeschossen. Leutnant Menckhoff errang seinen 24. Luftsieg.
Von den anderen Kriegsschauplätzen nichts Neues.

Der Erste Generalquartiermeister
Ludendorff

General v. Eberhardt

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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 10:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1915
Western Front

Germans accuse the French of using poison gas near Verdun.

Zeppelin raid on Tyneside.

Eastern Front

Germans repulsed before Osovyets.

Indecisive fighting at the Uzsok Pass.

Russians make progress east of Czernowitz.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

British offensive south of Shaiba routs Turks.

Political, etc.

Mr. Fisher states in Australian Parliament that the Government will send every available man to the war.

Mr. Harcourt states that the Dominions will be consulted as to peace terms.

General von Bissing suppresses the Belgian Red Cross.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 10:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1916
Eastern Front

End of first battle of Lake Naroch.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

General Gorringe drives back Turks on right bank Tigris.

Naval and Overseas Operations

British occupy Salanga (German East Africa).

Naval aeroplanes raid Constantinople.

Political, etc.

Cabinet Council on the Military Service Act.

U.S. cabinet approves President Wilson's Note to Germany on submarine campaign.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 10:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1917
Western Front

British capture Vimy Station, Lievin, and Cite St. Pierre (Lens).

German attack on British at Monchy-le-Preux repulsed.

British and French air raid on Freiburg.

End of first phase of Battle of Arras.

Political, etc.

Appeals to farmers by Mr. Lloyd George and Board of Trade.

Note of Allies (France, England, Italy) to Russia re: Poland.

U.S.A. War Bill (loan of �1,400,000,000) passes House of Representatives.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 10:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1918
Western Front

Neuve Eglise taken by Germans.

Seven attacks in Merville sector repulsed.

Near Bailleul, British line penetrated, but position restored.

East of Robecq, British take prisoners and machine guns.

General Foch appointed Commander-in-Chief of Allied Armies in France.

Political, etc.

M. Clemenceau issues statement that France does not recognise present Russian Government nor its acts.

Major-General Sykes appointed Chief of Air Staff.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 10:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1919
Aftermath of War

Bolsheviks retire on Ural front.

Rioting in the Punjab for five days.

Siberians under General Kolchak advancing west.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 10:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

14 april 1915
Politiek, Griekenland
De regering verwerpt een aanbod van Turks territorium in ruil voor deelname aan de oorlog tegen de Centralen.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 10:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

14 april 1918
Politiek, Frankrijk
De Franse generaal Ferdinand Foch wordt officieel gepromoveerd tot opperbevelhebber van alle troepen, van elke nationaliteit, die op het westfront vechten tegen Duitsland. In juni krijgt hij bovendien het bevel over het Italiaanse strijdtoneel.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 10:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1914 - Mexicaanse Revolutie: Voor het eerst in de geschiedenis wordt er een luchtbombardement uitgevoerd. Gustavo Salinas werpt enkele bommen op de Cańonero Guerero van generaal Huerta.
1915 - De Duitsers torpederen het Nederlandse stoomschip Katwijk.
1917 - De Mexicaanse president Venustiano Carranza wijst het Duitse verzoek tot deelname aan WOI af (Zie Zimmermanntelegram).
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 10:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1912 - De Titanic loopt tijdens haar eerste reis op een ijsberg en zinkt.
Geboren:
1914 - Mia Smelt, Nederlands radiopresentatrice (overleden 2008)
1919 - Raúl Primatesta, Argentijns aartsbisschop en kardinaal (overleden 2006)
Gestorven:
1917 - Lejzer Zamenhof (57), Pools oogarts
Weerextremen Nederland:
1919 - Hoogste uurgemiddelde windsnelheid 14,9 m/s
Weerextremen België:
1913 - Laagste minimumtemperatuur -2,1 °C
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 10:54    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Beno, kun je dit ook in de Wiki kalender zetten?
Je hebt blijkbaar toch tijd zat Embarassed
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 10:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Finnbar @ 13 Apr 2010 11:54 schreef:
Beno, kun je dit ook in de Wiki kalender zetten?
Je hebt blijkbaar toch tijd zat Embarassed

Omdat je het zo mooi vraagt Laughing
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 14:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

April 14 – The city of Irving, Texas is incorporated.
April 14–18 – First International Criminal Police Congress held in Monaco .
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 14:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Douglas Campbell shot down and captured a pilot from Jasta 64w on April 14, 1918. He became the first American flying for an American unit to become an ace when he downed his fifth enemy aircraft over Lironville, France on May 31, 1918.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 17:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Denk aan je bronnen, the beno! Wink
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 17:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sorry
http://nl.milpedia.org/wiki/14_april
http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/april.htm
De eerste wereldoorlog van dag tot dag.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 22:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Australia and the Gallipoli Campaign: January - April 1915

13-14 April 1915 - The British battleship HMS Queen Elizabeth took senior Anzac Corps officers and battalion commanders to view the coast of Gallipoli and to select landing sites.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/5environment/timelines/australia-gallipoli-campaign/january-april-1915.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 22:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Bournemouth's Great Military Route March 14 April 1915

Local cinema newsreel footage of troops gathering in Bournemouth on 14th April 1915, prior to embarking overseas to partake in the First World War. Shots of soldiers, some Indian soldiers in turbans; many of the men are joking with each other as they are filmed. (Ref AV18/5)

Filmpje! http://www3.hants.gov.uk/wfsa/film6.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 22:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The King of Württemberg visits troops in Flanders

Between 10 and 17 April 1915 King Wilhelm von Württemberg made a journey to the Western Front in northern France and Belgium to visit troops from the Württemberg Kingdom.

Wednesday 14 April
On 14 April the King paid a visit to the 39. Division and 30. Division in the sector south-east of Ypres. These two divisions formed the XV. Corps under the command of General von Deimling. Two of the eight regiments in the XV. Corps were selected for inspection by the King. They were on parade for the special visit at the rear of the corps' front line sector.

Lees verder op http://www.greatwar.co.uk/westfront/ypsalient/secondypres/prelude/kingvisit.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 22:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

New York Times, Wednesday 14 April 1915
Dedication of Memorial to Philanthropist and His Wife Tomorrow

The Isidor and Ida Straus Memorial in Straus Park will be dedicated tomorrow afternoon with impressive ceremonies. The beautiful granite and bronze fountain, which form [sic] the memorial, stand on a line with 106th Street the northern boundary of the Park formed where Broadway crosses West End Avenue. For many years this square, was known as Bloomingdale Park. After the Titanic disaster, in which Mr. and Mrs. Straus lost their lives, the Board of Aldermen changed the name to Straus Park.

Overlooking this little park Mr. and Mrs. Straus lived for many years in a home which has now given way to a large apartment house.

Lees verder op http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/to-unveil-straus-fountain.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 22:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The French reaction to a German deserter's information

General Ferry Takes the Warning Seriously


The morning after Private Jaeger's desertion, Wednesday 14 April [1915], the commander of the French 11th Division, General Edmond Ferry, read Jaeger's statement about the planned gas attack. He was shocked by the suggestion that the Germans would deliberately use asphyxiating gas. Whilst General Ferry couldn't condone Private Jaeger's decision to desert and give away secret German information, he nevertheless took the warning seriously. Immediately he ordered that the French soldiers manning the forward trenches should be thinned out, so as to reduce the potential number of casualties. He ordered his artillery to fire on the German forward trenches to try to smash the cannisters which apparently contained the deadly gas.

"We got in touch at once with General Aimé, commanding the 21st Brigade which occupied the sector, and instructed him (i) to temporarily reduce the effectives, then accumulated in the forward trenches as ordered by higher authority, and so to avoid casualties from gas if the predicted attack should eventuate; (ii) to try to register and break with his artillery the reported cylinders..." (1)

12 Noon: General Ferry Sends a Message to the British and Canadians

Wanting to inform and warn the Allied division on his right about the possible planned German attack, General Ferry sent an officer with a message at noon to the neighbouring British 28th Division. He also sent a message to the 2nd Canadian Infantry Brigade; the 2nd and 3rd Canadian Infantry Brigades were due to move into his French 11th Division sector that night, forming the beginning of the relief of his French division by the 1st Canadian Division. General Ferry's message recommended that the Canadians should "exercise extra vigilance and to seek suitable means to prevent inhalation of gas". (2)

General Ferry Sends a Message to French Senior Commanders

At the same time General Ferry passed a copy of the interrogation report of the German prisoner to his senior French commanders. These were the commander of the French XX. Corps, General Balfourier, and the Army commander General Henri Gabriel Putz, commander of the Détachement de l'Armée de Belgique. By chance there was a liaison officer from the French General Headquarters in the area too, and so he was also given the information and informed of the course of action that General Ferry had taken.

General Putz was sceptical about the information. He knew that the use of poison gas in war had been outlawed by the rules attached to the Hague Convention of 1907. He preferred to believe that the information from Private Jaeger was a deliberate ploy by the Germans to deceive the French. However, he was concerned enough to pass the information on to his superiors, namely King Albert of the Belgians at the Belgian Army headquarters in Houthem, and General Ferdinand Foch at the French army headquarters for the Groupe Provisoire du Nord in Cassel.

No Immediate Reaction from French HQ to General Ferry's Warning

With this speedy response General Ferry believed he had done everything necessary to forewarn the Allied senior commanders. The result of this valuable information would surely put the Allies in a position to negate the surprise intended for them by the Germans. It would also give them time to prepare the troops in the forward areas for an attack with gas and hopefully the result of this would be to minimise the risk of casualties. Sadly, this was not to be the case. It was to be two more days before General Ferry received a reply from the French Army Headquarters.

August Jaeger Sentenced to Jail in 1932

In 1932 General Ferry wrote an article in a magazine about this incident and named Private Jaeger as the deserter. August Jaeger was accused by the German Reich Supreme Court for desertion and betrayal. On 17 December 1932 he was sentenced to 10 years in prison. (3)

Acknowledgements
(1) Official History of the Canadian Forces in The Great War 1914-1919, Volume I, Chronology, Appendices and Maps, Appendix no. 180, p. 227-228
(2) Official History of the Canadian Forces in The Great War 1914-1919, Volume I, Chronology, Appendices and Maps, Appendix no. 180, p. 227-228
(3) Official History of the Canadian Forces in The Great War 1914-1919, Volume I, Chronology, Appendices and Maps, Appendix no. 320, p. 228
Gas! The Battle for Ypres 1915, pp. 12-13


http://www.greatwar.co.uk/westfront/ypsalient/secondypres/prelude/frreact.htm
Wat eraan vooraf ging, zie http://forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=4384
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 22:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

14 April 1915, Commons Sitting

ASIATIC TURKEY (ARMENIANS).


HC Deb 14 April 1915 vol 71 cc2-3 2

Mr. ANEURIN WILLIAMS asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether His Majesty's Government will 3 endeavour, at the end of this War, to secure for the Armenian people in Asiatic Turkey some measure of autonomy similar to that which the Russian Government has already promised to Poland?

The UNDER-SECRETARY of STATE for FOREIGN AFFAIRS (Mr. Primrose) The hon. Member may be assured that His Majesty's Government will consider the interests of the Armenian people sympathetically; but it is not possible at this juncture to determine future political arrangements.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1915/apr/14/asiatic-turkey-armenians
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 22:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

the beno @ 13 Apr 2010 11:49 schreef:
1915 - De Duitsers torpederen het Nederlandse stoomschip Katwijk.

Katwijk SS was a steamer of 2.040 tons, built in 1903 by J. Smit Alblasserdam for the Stoomvaart Maatschappij Wijklijn. She was torpedoed and sunk on 14th April by UB-10, 6 miles West of the lightship Noord-Hinder.

http://www.wrecksite.eu/wreck.aspx?1795
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 22:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Hutt Valley, Wellington, New Zealand, 14 April 1916

This is the New Zealand Division marching from Trentham to embark for Europe.

Mooie foto! http://www.ourspace.tepapa.com/media/67
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Casualty List : 1st/5th Battalion Gordon Highlanders

14 April 1916 - 3227 - Murray, James - Accidental wound of right middle finger.

http://gordonhighlanders.carolynmorrisey.com/CasualtylistD.htm

Leermoment: don't ever give Germans the finger... Evil
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WOMEN, PHOTOSHOP, AND THE 1916 RISING

Elizabeth O’Farrell was born in Dublin in 1884. Although she is usually referred to as “nurse O’Farrell”, she was not a trained nurse at the time of the rising. Julia Grennan, who was a life-long friend of O’Farrell, was also born around this time. The third woman, Winifred Carney, was born in 1887, in Bangor, co, Down. According to Dr. Matthews:

"In 1912 [Carney] was secretary of the Textile Workers’ Union, which was effectively the women’s section of the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union Belfast branch, and affiliated to the Irish Women Workers’ Union. In 1913 she was actively involved in fundraising for the lock-out Dublin workers. As a result of her involvement in trade unionism, she came in contact with James Connolly, who was then living in Belfast. when Cumann na mBan was founded, Carney joined its Belfast branch. She travelled to Dublin on 14 April 1916 to assist Connolly in the final preparations for the rebellion. She typed the first round of mobilisation orders, and after the confusion caused by the cancellation by Eoin McNeill, she typed the second round of mobilisation orders on Easter Sunday.”

Leuk artikel op http://dublinopinion.com/2007/07/14/women-photoshop-and-the-1916-rising/ Lees verder!
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Battle of Wancourt Ridge around 14 April 1917. 50 Div, 151 Brigade.

On 13th April W, X and Y Companies the 1/6 DLI moved into Niger and Nepal trenches behind the front line and Z was sent to dig a trench near Wancourt cemetery. They remained in these positions all day, then detailed orders were received for an attack at dawn, the battalion frontage being near Wancourt Tower. At 1am on 14th they moved into assembly positions in the dry bed of the Cojeul, 8th DLI in support and 5th Borders in reserve. There was confusion with distribution of fresh orders which arrived too late and the result was that, at 4.30am, the battalion advanced under a barrage in 4 waves, W in front and Z in rear, with no orders except a rough indication of direction.

They met heavy machine-gun fire from front and from the direction of Guemappe to left rear. W and X reached the ridge 500 yards in advance of the starting point but on disappearing down the other side, were not seen again all day. Y and Z also reached the ridge but were stopped there. Later they were joined by the 8th DLI who also could not get on.

Fighting died down and, as soon as light permitted next morning, a search was begun for W and X Companies. Nothing bar a short message from X was all that had been received and troops from 56th Division, who had lost direction, were mixed with those of the 50th making the search more difficult. Eventually a small group of 4 officers and about 20 men were found. They had organised a defence in a small trench system and had beaten off attacks all day on the 14th April. About 80 in all were mustered on relief and a few more came in over the next few days. Casualties amounted to over 200, which was more than 50% of the total fighting strength!

http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=90642
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 23:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meierijsche Courant, Zaterdag 14 April 1917.

Borkel en Schaft. Een viertal smokkelaars uit Eindhoven, Stratum en Zesgehuchten trachtte alhier een partij zeep en peper over de grens te smokkelen. Doch het scherpziende oog onzer wakkere soldaat-kommiezen wist ook hen te achterhalen, zoodat een en ander werd in beslag genomen en het viertal naar den amigo getransporteerd werd.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/1917.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 23:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Elmira Advertiser, Saturday Morning, April 14, 1917

WANTS FIGHTING MEN

The New York National Guard does not desire men to seek enlistment "who are not anxious for service at the front," it was officially announced yesterday by Major Edward Olmstead, assistant chief of staff in a memorandum issued to the press. In view of "the past record of its regiments in the Civil and Spanish-American wars," Major Olmstead explained, "the New York division will probably be among the first American troops to see active service abroad."

The war strength of the division is 27,450 officers and men. The present strength is slightly more than 20,000, of which five per cent [percent], may be discharged because of dependent members of families. As soon as the War Department authorizes, Major Olmstead said, "the division will be recruited to war strength, the vacancies to be filled by the best men among those who enrolled as applicants, possess the fighting spirit combined with the desire for active service at the front," providing they have no families dependent upon them for support.

DESERTER GIVES HIMSELF UP

Frank Abbott, a deserter from the United States Army, walked into the local Army Recruiting Station yesterday afternoon and gave himself over to the officer. He was taken to police headquarters and later in the afternoon was committed to the county jail to await the action of the government.

Abbott claimed that he had enlisted from the far west and was with the Third Company, Coast Artillery, stationed at Fort Dupont, Delaware, when he deserted. According to his story he had wandered about the eastern country for the past four months and his desertion worked upon his mind to the extent that he was prompted to take his action of yesterday afternoon.

Gewoon álles lezen... http://www.joycetice.com/military/elad0417.htm
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John James Crowe

John James Crowe VC (28 December 1876 - 27 February 1965) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Crowe was 41 years old, and a Second Lieutenant in the 2nd Battalion, The Worcestershire Regiment, British Army during the First World War. On 14 April 1918 at Neuve Eglise, Belgium, when the enemy, having attacked a post in a village, broke past on the high ground and established a machine-gun and snipers, Second Lieutenant Crowe, with two NCOs and seven men twice engaged the enemy who on each occasion withdrew into the village, followed by the lieutenant firing on them. On the second occasion, taking only two men, he attacked two enemy machine-guns killing both gunners and several more of the enemy. The remainder withdrew, allowing him to capture the two guns. His actions during this incident resulted in Crowe being awarded the Victoria Cross. He later achieved the rank of Captain.

His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Worcestershire Regiment Museum, Worcester, Worcestershire, England.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_James_Crowe
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EYES OF THE ARMY: The Life and Letters of World War I Aerial Observer Lt. Mortimer M. Lawrence

April 14, 1918 #23
Dear Folks:-

Well today is a good letter writing Sunday. It is a raw blowy day with frequent gusts of rain. But we have a comfortable coal fire and a good place to sit so we should worry. The only time we have to go out is at meal time and that 1 ˝ miles three times won’t hurt us. I have lots of warm clothes and keep dry so I rather enjoy the tramp. Practically all of one way is against the wind so we land at the other end breathless and hungry.

My good fortune in the mail line has continued the past two days. On Friday I had two letters and yesterday three letters and your cable. The letter as near as I could judge was dated Apr. 5th and came to me through London. Eight days is considered rather good time for a cable, it beats the best previous performance in the gang by 6 days. When did you get my cable of Mar. 13th and the one of Mar. 30th? The Western Union used to have a special rate for soldiers but that is no more. We have to pay the regular rate now, between 30˘ and 35˘ per word. But I will try to cable you every now and then to keep posted.

Lees de hele brief op http://eyesofthearmy.dva.state.wi.us/blog1.php/april-14-1918
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 23:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1st Pursuit Group History, January - April, 1918

Comprised of 17th, 27th, 94th, 95th, 103rd, 147th, and 183rd Aero Squadrons

14 Apr 1918

94th - While on alert at about 8:00 AM, word was received that two enemy planes were over Tours. The clouds were very low and the day was quite disagreeable, a light mist and occasional rain prevailing. Lieutenants Douglas Campbell and Alan F. Winslow immediately jumped in their airplanes and took-off. A few minutes later the two pilots were attacked by the two German machines. Lieutenant Campbell shot the Pfalz single-seater down in flames and it fell on the airdrome. A few seconds later Lieutenant Winslow drove the Albatros down out of control and it fell in the vicinity of the airdrome. These were the first two victories scored by an all-American, American Squadron, and the coincidence is unique in the annals of aviation.

The following telegram was received from the Chief of Air Service, A.E.F. Paris, France:

"THE CHIEF OF AIR SERVICE THANKS THE 94TH SQUADRON FOR THE TWO GERMAN ALBATROS PLANES AND PILOTS BROUGHT DOWN WITHIN OUR LINES AND CONGRATULATES LIEUTENANT DOUGLAS CAMPBELL AND LIEUTENANT ALAN WINSLOW ON THEIR EXCELLENT WORK AND THEIR GALLANT CONDUCT"
Signed WHITEHEAD.


The following commendation was received from the Colonel commanding the Troops of the District of Toul:

TOUL, April 14, 1918.

FROM: Colonel Corbiere, Commanding the Troops of the Place De Toul.

TO: Major Huffer, Commanding the American Squadron, 94.

My dear Comrade:
In my capacity as the Commandant of the troops of Toul, I wish to send you, both in my name, and in the name of the troops of the town, my most sincere compliments for our splendid success of to day. It was because of its immediate readiness, its initiative, its organization and the rapidity with which the pilots took the air, that the escadrille under your orders has obtained the brilliant result. Two German Avions brought down after one minute of combat.

The garrison and the population of the town of Toul are happy in the victory for American Aviation, and in it they foresee yet more glorious successes in the future. I would be very glad if you would express to the personnel of the squadron under your orders the sentiments of admiration toward them, of the population of the town and of the troops, and if you would convey to them my own sincere good wishes.

CORBIERE


Mooi... www.acepilots.com/wwi/us_1st_pursuit.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 23:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of the Lys, 9-29 April 1918

(...) On 11 April Haig issued his famous “backs to the wall” order – “with our backs to the wall and believing in the justice of our cause each us must fight on to the end”. Perhaps more important was the arrival of reinforcements in the shape of the 5th and 33rd British Divisions and the 1st Australian Division. On 14 April Foch was promoted to General-in-Chief of the Allied Armies, giving him enough authority to move French units to the Lys.

http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_lys.html
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The Lys

The Australians at Merris

The Australians of their 1st Division had begun to move south on 8 April in order to support the situation on the Somme, but with the opening of the Battle of the Lys found themselves in the thick of the fighting near Merris and Méteren.

The town of Hazebrouck behind them was an extremely important supply route in this region. If it fell the British lines of communication would be seriously disrupted.

On the morning of 14 April 1918 the Germans launched an attack against the Mont de Merris which was held and commanded by Lieutenant Christopher Champion of the 3rd Bn AIF.

The Germans advanced in waves so dense that the Australians said that they could hardly miss their targets.

A farm just in front of the Australians called Gutzer Farm was taken by the Germans and this allowed them to fire from the flanks against Champion's men.

At 10:30 hours having beaten off the German attack Champion decided to try and push them out of Gutzer Farm, ordering Lt Prescott forward with his platoon. Prescott managed to drive the Germans out of the farm but realised that he couldn't hold the position due to the machine gun fire from all sides.

Having lost a number of men including Corporal Ernie Corby by sniper fire he retired.

Throughout the afternoon the Germans tried to press Champion and his men but each time they let the enemy get close and then riddled their waves with bullets, driving them off each time. A lull developed until 19:00 hours when a final effort by the Germans was also beaten off.

Sadly after his determined stand throughout the day, Champion was hit in the head by a bullet and fell.

Neither Lt Champion or Cpl Corby were found on the battlefield for burial, until 85 years later in 2003 when a farmer found the remains of four Australian soldiers.

http://www.webmatters.net/belgium/ww1_lys_2.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 23:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

14 April 1919, Commons Sitting

EX-KAISER (PUNISHMENT).


HC Deb 14 April 1919 vol 114 cc2490-1 2490

Mr. LYLE asked the Prime Minister whether the Allied Governments intend to demand, or have demanded, from the Netherlands Government the extradition of the Ex-Kaiser without regard to what may or may not be permitted by international laws?

Lieutenant-Colonel C. LOWTHER asked the Prime Minister whether he can state what steps have been taken to punish those responsible for the ill-treatment of our prisoners of war; what inquiries have been held; and if he will publish as a White Paper a full list of these criminals, together with the charges proved against them?

Colonel BURN asked the Prime Minister if he will say what decision has been arrived at regarding the arraignment of the Kaiser as the responsible author of the great War?

Mr. BONAR LAW The Commission appointed by the Peace Conference to consider this subject has reported, but I cannot at present make any statement on the subject.

Mr. LYLE Does the right hon. Gentleman realise that there is a very strong feeling in the country that no legal 2491 quibble, international or otherwise, should prevent justice being meted out to the arch-criminal of Europe?

Mr. BONAR LAW I am well aware of the feeling, which is shared by His Majesty's Government.

Colonel WEDGWOOD Send out another telegram.

Mr. BOTTOMLEY Will the Prime Minister make any statement on the subject on Wednesday?

Mr. BONAR LAW I think my hon. Friend will understand that if all questions addressed to the Prime Minister on this subject were answered, it would disclose the proceedings of the Peace Conference before the negotiations were completed.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1919/apr/14/ex-kaiser-punishment
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Meierijsche Courant, Maandag 14 April 1919.

Valkenswaard. Naar wij vernemen zullen de alhier vertoevende Belgen welke niet in den Burgerlijken Stand zijn ingeschreven van de wachtgeldregeling worden uitgesloten. Hierdoor zullen verschillende genoodzaakt worden naar hun vaderland terug te keeren.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/19191.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2010 23:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Timeline of the Irish War of Independence

14 April 1920: After large demonstrations and a general strike in support of the prisoners, all 90 were released. In Miltown Malbay a group of RIC & Army shot at a crowd who were celebrating the prisoners' release, killing three and wounding nine.

http://wapedia.mobi/en/Timeline_of_the_Irish_War_of_Independence#3.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Apr 2010 8:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Vlamertinge 1914-1918 door Remy Duflou
Zondag 14 april 1918
De Dorpsplaats van Reningelst werd erg beschoten en verscheidene inwoners werden gedood. Geheel de dag en de nacht artilleriestrijd aan het zuiderfront van aan Passendale tot aan Armentiers (Armentičres).
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2011 19:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

14 April 1914 → Written Answers (Commons)

Missing Women.


HC Deb 14 April 1914 vol 61 c25W 25W

Viscount WOLMER asked how many women have, according to the information of the police, disappeared during every year for the last ten years?

Mr. McKENNA I have no information as regards the provinces. As regards the Metropolitan police district, I gave the figures for twelve months in reply to a similar question on 12th July, 1912. To obtain the figures for ten years would involve an expenditure of time and labour which would seem to be out of proportion to any purpose which the figures could serve.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1914/apr/14/missing-women
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2011 19:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De hervormingen in Armenië
Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant, 14 april 1914
Bron: Koninklijke Bibliotheek

Onze Konstantinopolitaansche correspondent schrijft dd. 9 April: De hervormingen in de zes Oostelijkste provincies van het rijk, welke de mogendheden de Porte hebben opgedrongen, zijn zelfs nog niet tot een begin van uitvoering gekomen, en niettemin is reeds nu een gedeelte der bevolking er tegen in verzet gekomen.

Daar de voorgenomen hervormingen meer in 't bijzonder de in die provincies wonende Armeniërs ten goede zullen komen, ja eigenlijk vooral te hunnen bate zullen worden ingevoerd, zoo was te verwachten, dat het andere element der bevolking, de Koerden, die in menige streek in gelijke getale en ook hier en daar in grooter getal dan de Armeniërs gezeten zijn, er weinig of niet van gediend zou wezen. Daar zij Mohammedanen zijn, was men in vele Turksche kringen veeleer op hun hand dan op die van de christelijke Armeniërs. Het Jong-Turksche Comité, dat wil dus zeggen, de leidende mannen van het oogenblik, stond echter aan de zijde van de Armeniërs, niet zozeer omdat het dezen zoo welgezind is, maar omdat de Armeniërs onder zekere voorwaarden met het Comité-regime meegingen en dit wezenlijken steun verleenden: terwijl de Koerden voor het overgroote merendeel anti-Comité gezind zijn en ook wel voorshands zullen blijven.

Het is de nog steeds in geheel Koerdistan zeer machtige familie der Bedhir Khan (de nazaten van de laatste onafhankelijke Koerdenvorst van dien naam), die aan alles wat Jong-Turksch is een doodelijken haat heeft gezworen. de voornaamste leden dier familie bekleedden onder Abdul Hamid hooge en gewichtige betrekkingen, zoowel in den staatsdienst als aan het hof. Bij het afzetten van Hamid werden de meesten door de Jong-Turksche hoofdmannen aangehouden en naar afgelegen oorden verbannen, alwaar ze al spoedig stierven – lees: uit den weg geruimd werden. Dat lot had ook bijna Abdul Rezak Bedhir Chan Zadec, gewezen tweede ceremoniemeester van Abdul Hamid ondergaan, in zijn verbanningsoord achter in Fezzan. Hij wist echter nog bijtijds naar Tunis te ontvluchten, en begaf zich vandaar over St. Petersburg eerst naar den Kaukasus, waarna hij voorverleden jaar op eens aan het hoofd van een aanzienlijke ruitermacht zijner stamgenooten in het hartje van Koerdistan bij Hizam (provincie Bitlis) opdook. Sedert dien heeft hij voortdurend door Koerdistan gezworven met zijn krijgers, verscheen dan hier dan daar, en stelde zich in veiligheid over de Perzische grens, zoodra de Turksche troepen hem wat te na kwamen.

Abdul Rezak liet de Porte reeds meermalen weten, dat hij een zelfstandig Koerdistan wil grondvesten, dat hij den Sultan als zijn opperleenheer zal willen blijven erkennen mits de Porte zich verbindt zich niet verder met de Koerden en hun land in te laten, maar hen rustig hun eigen zaken zal laten beredderen.

Het invoeren van het nieuwe hervormde bestuursstelsel onder de leiding en het toezicht van de mogendheden en de door deze gekozen hoofdambtenaren zou natuurlijk het einde van het Koerdische streven naar zelfstandigheid meebrengen. Abdul Rezak met zijne volgelingen zijn daar bijgevolg beslist tegen, en zullen dan ook gewis niets onbeproefd laten om het slagen daarvan te verijdelen.

De aanslag, voorverleden week tegen Bitlis gepleegd is daarvan eene uitleg. De omstandigheden waaronder die aanslag heeft plaats gehad en wat er verder is gevolgd, geven echter aanleiding aan te nemen, dat er werkelijk – zooals reeds veelal werd ondersteld – nog andere, machtiger factoren achter de Koerden staan, die hen tot dit verzet opstoken en daarin steunen.

Vooreerst duidt de laksheid, waarmede de provinciale overheden en daarop de regeering in den beginne tegen den overval van de hoofdplaats Bitlis door een ruiterschaar van nauwelijks 500 man zijn opgetreden, dat men zoowel in de regeeringskonak aldaar als aan de Porte er eigenlijk niet rouwig om was dat er die wijze een ernstige storing en voorzeker vertraging in het hervormingswerk zou komen.

Verder geven de houding van de consulaire vertegenwoordigers van Rusland zoowel te Bitlis als in de andere plaatsen van Armeno-Koerdistan te denken, en is het opmerkelijk, dat de hoofden van het verzet, nadat dit door de inderhaast door den kommandant van het legerkorps van Armenistan (hoofdkwartier Erzindjian) op zijn eigen gezag gezonden troepen was onderdrukt, dadelijk een toevlucht bij de Russische vrienden hebben gevonden.

Het is bekend dat vooral Rusland een leidende rol bij de langdurige en netelige onderhandelingen over de in de Armenische (Koerdische) provincies in te voeren hervormingen heeft gespeeld, en het van den beginne af heeft aangestuurd op het verkrijgen van de zijde van de mogendheden van de opdracht om desnoods die hervormingen zelf door te zetten en in de provincies de orde en de veiligheid te herstellen en te handhaven, bijgeval de Porte daartoe onwillig of onmachtig zou blijken. Het is vooral Engeland geweest, door Duitschland zijdelings gesteund, dat daarvan niet heeft willen hooren, en zich beroepende op het de Engelsche regeering bij het traktaat van Cyprus toegekende recht van bescherming over de Armeniërs, bepaald heeft verlangd, en nog wenscht, dat de invoering der hervormingen het werk blijve van de Porte onder het toezicht van alle mogendheden. Van Russische zijde is daarop voorgesteld, dat voor de in de zes provincies te vormen plaatselijke gendarmerie of militie, door Russische officieren een kader zou worden georganiseerd en afgericht, terwijl de rijksgendarmerie daar onder Fransche officieren-instructeurs zou worden gesteld. Ook hierin hebben de andere mogendheden nog niet willen treden. Niet onmogelijk zou het bijgevolg kunnen wezen dat om in dezen de andere kabinetten tot toegeven te bewegen, de uitbreiding van de Koerdische beweging tegen het hervormingswerk de Russische plannen en belangen zeer wel past en dan ook van over de Kaukasische grenzen wordt aangemoedigd en gesteund. Die opvatting hoort men reeds in verschillende diplomatieke kringen te Konstantinopel uiten.

Evenzeer verdient te worden opgemerkt, dat Abdul Rezah steeds weer verzekert, dat zijn optreden en streven volstrekt niets vijandigs tegen de Armenische "broeders en buurlui" bedoelt, en dat ook werkelijk zijn lieden, die anders van een moordpartij op meer of minder uitgebreiden schaal onder de "Ermenikenpek" (Armenische honden) volstrekt niet afkerig zijn, zich van elke daad van geweld tegen de Armeniërs onthouden. Abdul Rezah maant de Armeniërs aan, zich bij hem aan te sluiten, om gemeenzaam den strijd voor het verkrijgen van de onafhankelijkheid, of op zijn minst der zelfstandigheid van het gemeenzame vaderland, en de bevrijding van het juk der Turksche onderdrukking: en inderdaad hebben eenige der tot de revolutionaire groepeeringen onder de Hintsjachisten en Dasjnahsjoenisten behoorende bekende Armenische woelgeesten zich met een aantal hunner partijgangers reeds bij hen aangesloten. Die lieden, welke over aanzienlijke geldmiddelen beschikken en hunne lastgevingen van de comité's der revolutionaire Armeniërs te Parijs en te Tiflis krijgen, gaan van de stelling uit, dat alle door de mogendheden voorgenomen hervormingen de bevrijding van het Armenische rijk van de Turksche overheersching slechts vertragen kunnen, alzoo verwerpelijk zijn en moeten worden verijdeld, en zij sluiten zich derhalve gaarne tot dat doel bij de Koerden aan. Hoe ze zich later weer van hen zullen kunnen ontdoen, nadat ze den gemeenschappelijken vijand, den Turk, zullen hebben afgeschud: daarover willen ze zich voor het oogenblik natuurlijk niet uitlaten!

Zooals men ziet, is ook Armeno-Koerdistan een wespennest, dat de mogendheden, en wie zich nog verder daarin zal willen of moeten steken, nog heel wat pijnlijke oogenblikken en zorgen zal kunnen berokkenen.

[De lezer weet, dat volgens de inmiddels ingekomen telegrammen, de opstand in Koerdistan door de in allerijl toegesnelde Turksche troepen is onderdrukt, en de Russische consul van Bitlis, die den leideres der Koerden toevlucht heeft verleend, op verzoek van den Porte is teruggeroepen. De leiders van den opstand, die de Koerden tot verzet hadden opgezet onde de leus, dat de Porte met haar hervormingen beoogde om het land aan Rusland te verkoopen, moeten zich door hun vlucht op het Russische consulaat bij de bevolking onmogelijk hebben gemaakt. – Red.]

http://www.agindepers.nl/kwestie/NRC-14-4-1914.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2011 19:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Press cutting. 14-04-1914. Sinking of the Titanic.



http://www.allcollection.net/press-cutting-14-04-1914-sinking-of-the-titanic-catastrofe-cape-race-margarita-xirgu-chile~x26039790
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2011 19:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Diary One - April 1915 - Egypt - Lemnos Island - Gallipoli

Brief account of my personal experience while on active service proper dating from April 5th 1915

Arrival at Lemnos Island
13th April 1915 - Found out that the unknown battleship of yesterday is the Queen Elizabeth, known generally throughout this Division as just plain 'Lizzie'. Believe she is to support us in our first scrap. Been around several of the fleet today with Lt Selmes etc. Brought a luxury in the form of three loaves of bread. Got it pretty rough coming home. Nelsonian days over again. Got wet through, but didn't mind that as it was a welcome change to that infernal sand. Mail came aboard today. Mine 'nonest'. Heard an amusing thing about Lizzie. She leaves here early in the morning and goes up to the Dardanelles tickles the Turks up a bit, and returns here in time for tea.

14th April 1915 - Real NZ day after yesterday's squall. Norman OK again. Arrival of more troopships. Believe we are going to get particular 'Hell' when we land. Let 'em all come. All our 18 lb ammunition fused and ready packed with 1000 rounds per gun. Guess the Turks will think its Christmas or Guy Fawkes night when the eighteens start. Chas and I played 500 with Burnell and Challen tonight. It's a shame what we did to them. Chas and I always did play together and really I reckon we're 'hot stuff'. Got a present of one bottle of wine. Active service uncertainties again.

http://www.thekivellfamily.co.nz/family_pages/ralphs_diaries/monthly/01_april_15.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2011 20:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Private Percy John England (13235) - POW in 1914



Percy John England was born in 1893. He joined the Worcestershire Regiment on the 7th November 1912 and joined the 3rd Battalion at Tidsworth.

As a regular soldier Percy was one of the first to see action in the First World War. On the 14th August 1914 he sailed from Southampton in the troop ship "SS Bosnian" with the men of the 3rd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment, heading for France and the port of Havre. They arrived the following morning.

By the 24th August 1914 the 3rd Battalion were in the front line just a few miles south of Mons. On the morning of the 26th August the 3rd Battalion were at the northern end of Caudry. During the early hours of the morning the men came under German machine-gun fire. After a lull in the fighting the enemy brought up additional artillery, and shells burst in rapid succession all over the northern end of the town causing many casualties.

Percy John England was wounded and with other casualties who were sent to a small temporary hospital at Caudry (Courdrai). However, by the 27th August the Germans, who were by then in occupation of the place, and sent all the wounded to Cambrai as POW's, including Percy.

He was then sent to a Prisoner of War camp at Limburg (Lahn), Germany No. 863. This was one of the Registration Camps which also had a camp hospital.

As Private England was wounded when he was captured, it is very likely that he would have had treatment at this camp hospital.

It was while he was at this camp that he wrote to his fiancé Miss Mercy Kemp who at that time was living in London. He asked his fiancé to send him a food parcel and cigarettes. Below is a copy of the letter he wrote, dated the 14th April 1915.



http://www.worcestershireregiment.com/wr.php?main=inc/pow_england
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2011 20:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

April 14, 1918: U.S. fliers in first dogfight over western front

Six days after being assigned for the first time to the western front, two American pilots from the U.S. First Aero Squadron engage in America's first aerial dogfight with enemy aircraft. In a battle fought almost directly over the Allied Squadron Aerodome at Toul, France, U.S. fliers Douglas Campbell and Alan Winslow succeeded in shooting down two German two-seaters. By the end of May, Campbell had shot down five enemy aircraft, making him the first American to qualify as a "flying ace" in World War I.

The First Aero Squadron, organized in 1914 after the outbreak of World War I, undertook its first combat mission on March 19, 1917, in support of the 7,000 U.S. troops that invaded Mexico to capture Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa. Despite numerous mechanical and navigational problems, the American fliers flew hundreds of scouting missions for U.S. Brigadier General John J. Pershing and gained important experience that would later be used over the battlefields of Europe in World War I.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/us-fliers-in-first-dogfight-over-western-front
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2011 20:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Hutt Valley, Wellington, New Zealand, 14 April 1916



This is the New Zealand Division marching from Trentham to embark for Europe.

http://www.flickr.com/photos/flissphil/437353411/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2011 20:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

H. W. Nevinson, accompanied the expedition to the Dardanelles in April 1915. He also was there to observe the withdrawal in December, 1915.
However, his account in the The Manchester Guardian was held up by the censor and was not published until 14th April, 1916.


After the strain of carefully organised preparations, the excitement of the final hours was extreme, but no signs of anxiety were shown. Would the sea remain calm? Would the moon remain veiled in a thin cloud? Would the brigades keep time and place? Our own guns continued firing duly till the moment for withdrawal came. Our rifles kept up an intermittent fire, and sometimes came sudden outbursts from the Turks.

Mules neighed, chains rattled, steamers hooted low, and sailor men shouted into megaphones language strong enough to carry a hundred miles. Still the enemy showed no sign of life or hearing, though he lay almost visible in the moonlight across the familiar scene of bay and plain and hills to which British soldiers have given such unaccustomed names.

So the critical hours went by slowly, and yet giving so little time for all to be done. At last the final bands of silent defenders began to come in from the nearest lines. Sappers began to come in, cutting all telephone wires and signals on their way.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWgallipoli.htm
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 13 Apr 2011 20:30, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2011 20:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Wilfred Owen

Early on the morning of 14th April 1917, Owen's battalion, the 2nd Manchesters left Savy Wood with orders to attack a trench on the west side of St.Quentin, part of the British and French armies Spring Offensive against the Hindenburg Line. In order to reach the "Start Line" for this attack, the battalion took a circuitous route involving a halt in the shade of a valley before receiving further orders to move on. Leaving the valley they reached a ridge and racing down the other side were immediately exposed to artillery fire from the Germans in St. Quentin, suffering some casualties. At 2.30 p.m. they commenced an attack on the final objective charging up a slope only to find that the Germans had fled as they reached the trench. That evening, Owen was in the party of Manchesters which went back to Savy Wood for a rest.

http://www.wilfredowen.org.uk/poetry/spring-offensive
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BerichtGeplaatst: 13 Apr 2011 20:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

German postcard and photograph souvenired by George Powell, 14th April 1917

George Powell was a very small man and was enlisted into The Welsh Bantams. Being of a very young age when the war began he joined by stating he was older than his correct age. By the end of the Great War George had spent a year in hospital suffering horrific injuries.

Editor's Comment: Presumably picked up from the battlefield as souvenirs. The postcard depicts German soldiers in a buring village and bears a Feldpost stamp to the reverse; the photograph is of a German signalling unit, with signalling lamp (Blinkgerät) on tripod.







http://www.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ww1lit/gwa/document/9380?REC=9
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