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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 10:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Action of St Eloi

On 14 March 1915, the Germans attacked St Eloi after springing two mines and captured the village, trenches nearby and the Mound, a spoil heap about 30 ft (9.1 m) high and 0.5 acres (0.20 ha) in area, on the west side of a rise, south of the village. The 80th Brigade of the 27th Division had fought hand-to-hand with the attackers but could not counter-attack, because of a lack of close reserves and German artillery barrages isolating the attack front. Just after midnight, two battalions managed to counter-attack and retook the village and the lost trenches. The Mound was not regained as the Germans had managed to consolidate and retained the advantage of observation from it. Another German attack on 17 March was a costly failure and on 14 April, after a four-day bombardment, the Germans blew another mine at 11:15 p.m. and commenced a systematic bombardment, against which the British artillery replied but no infantry attack followed.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actions_of_St_Eloi_Craters#Action_of_St_Eloi
Zie ook http://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/battles/battles-of-the-western-front-in-france-and-flanders/the-battle-of-neuve-chapelle/ ...
... en nog 5000 voornamelijk Britse sites over dit onderwerp...
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

14 March 1916 - WW1 Blog - Jersey Heritage

14 March 1916 - Concerns grow over coal supplies
The question of ensuring adequate coal supplies for the Island reached the States this month. Amid public concern over the rising price of this essential fuel and the impact of UK wartime restrictions, members discussed options for helping to manage the situation.

Jersey relies on imported coal for both heating and cooking, and for domestic gas supplies created through extraction from coal. As such there have been ongoing concerns over its availability and price since the war began, concerns that have grown since the UK introduced new regulations governing supply.

A loss of miners to military service coupled with an increased demand by the army and navy led to Britain first setting up a committee to ensure adequate supplies of coal and then, in December 1915, introducing a law that fixed the coal prices. Concerned over the implications, the Lieutenant Governor has been corresponding with the Home Office over obtaining sufficient supplies for Jersey. Having managed to buy the coal, the problem is now shipping it to the Island. Worries have increased since news arrived that the chartered ship, the SS Skillingrove, is no longer available having been requisitioned by the British Government.

https://www.jerseyheritage.org/ww1-blog/14-march-1916
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Walk March - Diary of a New Zealand Artilleryman, 1917-1919

14th March (1918) - A party of about 25 of us set out for some new baths up in the busted city. It was a long walk. Reached camp again to go straight on picquet. Noticed several full grown frogs flopping into a ditch, which I take to be a sign of spring. Vivent les grenouilles!

https://walkmarch.blog/2018/03/14/14th-march-1918/
Ook op FB: https://www.facebook.com/Walk-March-183317338844012/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 14 Mrt 2018 12:21, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1916 Diary - March 14th: Police report that "Dublin extremists" are on the move

Other reports that day include that "the Austrians had dropped here and there a quantity of sweets, some wrapped in red and blue paper. The news was soon spread that they were poisoned"

March 14th, 1916 - Police report: “Movements of Dublin extremists: I beg to report that on the 13th the under-mentioned extremists were observed moving about and associating with each other:

“Thomas Clarke has not yet returned to Dublin. Those observed to enter his shop, 75a, Parnell St, yesterday included C Colbert , John McDermott, E Daly and William 0‘Leary Curtis.

“Bulmer Hobson, Thomas McDonagh, H Mellows, John McNeill, JJ O’Connell, M O’ Hanrahan, Joseph McGuinness, TJ McSweeney, Cork, and Pierce McCann, Cashel, in 2 Dawson St for an hour from 12 noon.

“About 50 Irish Volunteers were drilled for close on two hours, from 8pm, in the hall at rear of 41 Rutland Square .”

“After the last air raid over the province of Ferrara and Ravenna it was found, asserts the Milan correspondent of the Daily Mail, that the Austrians had dropped here and there a quantity of sweets, some wrapped in red and blue paper. The news was soon spread that they were poisoned, but such devilry was disbelieved. Now the military command of Bologna publishes the result of a chemical examination, from which it appears that the sweets were really a mixture of starch, sugar, and infectious germs. Fortunately none of them was eaten.”

Convention – At a Sinn Féin convention for Co Tyrone, held in Dungannon, at which delegates from 13 branches were present, it was announced that over one thousand members had now been enrolled in Tyrone.

Police in Cork city entered the houses of three men who are connected with the Sinn Féin Volunteers. In one house they seized a revolver and ammunition and in another a number of documents. No arrests were made.

Target practice – At Dundrum (Co Tipperary) Petty Sessions yesterday Irish Volunteers Edward Dwyer, Ballagh, Cornelius Deere, Goold’s Cross, Michael Sheehan, Gorthrush, and Daniel McGrath, Loughfield, convicted and fined under the Defence of the Realm Act over target practice on property of the Great Southern and Western Railway .

https://www.irishtimes.com/culture/heritage/1916-diary-march-14th-police-report-that-dublin-extremists-are-on-the-move-1.2571755
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

100 Years Ago In March, 1916

Look at these statements from headline articles in the La Porte Argus in March, 1916. Terminology, capitalization, and what makes headline news can be different. Yet accidents, business, crime, and war still make headlines.

March 14-19 [1916]
La Porte county folks in California will have a La Porte picnic.
Vacant houses in the city are so scarce that indications are there will be a house famine greater than La Porte has ever known before.
La Porte will have its first Baby days next Monday and Tuesday. There will be interesting talks and other matters of interest.
Two operators in the exchange of the La Porte Telephone Company at Westville are made seriously ill by escaping gas.
A decree calls into service all youths in Austria and Hungary who are 18 years old who are fit for military duty.
The weekly washing at 113 Patton street was interrupted by firemen who extinguished a blaze on the summer kitchen roof. After that the washing proceeded.

http://www.laportelibrary.org/100-years-ago-in-march-1916/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter from Eamonn Ceannt - 14 March 1916 - Witness Statement

2 Dolphin Terrace
Dolphin’s Barn
14 March 1916

Rev and Dear Sir

I consider it my duty, as it is my great pleasure, to thank you for the kind and encouraging address delivered to the members of my Battalion of the Irish Volunteers who attended Mass in Mount Argus last Sunday. We were greatly delighted and stimulated by your remarks which were as frank as they were unexpected. May we all live to see the day to which we look confidently forward.

Is mise le meas mor

Eamonn Ceannt
Commandant 4th Battalion.


Fr Nevin states: “As a result of my public declaration of view my assistance was eagerly sought to augment the roll call of the Volunteers: but, however much I might wish, I had for the time to demur though I knew from now on I was unofficially regarded as Chaplain to the 4th Battalion under command of Eamon Kent whom I had known for many years….

The situation was an embarrassing one, as the Irish Volunteer leaders were appealing for the clergy’s support so far denied them though freely given to their opposites. My Provincial Superior – alone of major Superiors – was actively engaged recruiting for the English Army to which I objected and strongly remonstrated with him as bringing the Order into disrepute and branding us as anti-Irish. However as he took no notice and continued campaigning I considered that in fairness he could not object to my taking the other side – nor did he as it is due to his memory to state. A man of many parts, consistent supporter of everything Irish, language, literature, customs and products, he and I were great friends all through until his death in Mount Argus now some years past. May his dear soul rest in peace”.

https://abbey.galwaycommunityheritage.org/content/people/fr-eugene-nevin/letter-from-eamonn-ceannt-14-march-1916
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Keighley News, 14th March 1916 - Covering the villages of Wilsden and Harecroft

The London Correspondent of the Yorkshire Observer writes: To-day… there has been a very general disposition, so far as London is concerned, to talk of the end of the war as now a matter of two or three months only and even to agree on July as no impossible date. It is Verdun, of course, that has opened up the new and happier vista. It is quite recognised that even the Verdun chapter is not yet regarded as finally closed, but the magnificent spirit displayed by the French and the fine handling of the German offensive by the French Generals has given a degree of confidence beyond anything in the record of war. So far, at all events, the Allies on the western front have shown themselves masters of the situation, not merely holding up the German attack but in the restraint shown by them in the economy of means to ends. They have maintained their reserves intact, they have refused to precipitate their own offensive in other parts of the field, they have kept comparatively unimpaired the power to strike where and when they will. Apart from Verdun, however, there have been of late many encouraging signs, and though it may still prove that the next two or three months will be the fiercest and heaviest in the war, for ourselves as well as for our allies, it is no longer a vain hope that the summer may see us through.

http://www.wilsdenparishcouncil.gov.uk/wilsden-harecroft-2/this-week-in-ww1-2/257-14th-march-20th-march-1916
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Arthur H. Freebody diary, 14 March 1916-18 March 1917

Lezen én bladeren! https://ww1.sl.nsw.gov.au/explore/item-01-arthur-h-freebody-diary-14-march-1916-18-march-1917

Letters from Paul Nash to Margaret Nash written while on active service in France [14 March 1917]

... en nog meer... http://www.tate.org.uk/art/archive/items/tga-8313-1-1-138/letters-from-paul-nash-to-margaret-nash-written-while-on-active-service-in-france
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Fully Armed: Kamenev and Pravda in March 1917
LARS T. LIH

Immediately following the overthrow of the tsar in early March 1917,
several senior Bolsheviks returning from internal exile in Siberia – Lev
Kamenev, Koba Stalin, and Matvei Muranov – arrived in Petrograd and
promptly took over the editorial direction of the recently resuscitated
Pravda. What line did they take on the burning questions of the day? Did
prewar Bolshevism give them adequate intellectual tools to forge a political
line both realistic and revolutionary?

An answer to these questions can be found in a short editorial on 14
March that announced the arrival of the new editorial team. Although unsigned,
it is almost certainly the work of Lev Kamenev. According to almost
any secondary source you pick up, during this period Kamenev advocated
something that was later termed “critical support” of the Provisional
Government. And indeed, you can find the words “criticize” and
“support” in this editorial:

Just as we will energetically support [the new government] in
the complete liquidation of the old regime and the monarchy, in the
implementation of freedoms, etc., we will just as energetically criticize
each failure of the Provisional Government to act on its declared
intentions [neposledovatelnost], each deviation from decisive
struggle, each attempt to tie the hands of the narod or to put
out the raging revolutionary fire.


Kamenev’s implied strategy seems neither realistic nor revolutionary.
The elite-dominated Provisional Government was not going to carry out
basic popular demands for liberty, land or peace. To situate oneself as
some sort of loyal opposition to this government also meant shirking the
revolutionary task of replacing it with a vlast (sovereign authority) based
on the people. No wonder Kamenev has been called a “semi-Menshevik.”
The real story of Bolshevism in 1917 evidently starts only in April, after
Lenin’s arrival in Russia (...)

Lees verder op https://d-commons.d.umn.edu/bitstream/10792/1552/1/NEP%20Vol.%208%20Lih%20Kamenev.pdf
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

14 MARCH, 1917: BREAKING CHINA

One reason the First World War outside Western Europe has been consigned to obscurity by modern popular history is that the world order of the day dictated posterity’s priorities. To clarify that deeply pompous preamble, most places outside the centres of global wealth and power in the early 20th century seemed relatively unimportant to contemporaries studying or writing about the War, the loudest and most numerous of whom came from the centres of global wealth and power. In other words, the West wrote the history and bequeathed its priorities of the day to future generations.

One reason I write this stuff is because a lot of those places that seemed relatively unimportant during the War – and in many cases for a long time afterwards – have become central to the way our world runs today. Africa, the Middle East, Japan, the USA, the outer reaches of Europe and the Caucasus, you name it, the First World War helped shape it and it really matters today. That brings me to the empire that was, in 1917, a strife-torn, crumbling, apparently decadent, politically feeble carcass ripe for dismemberment, and is now the world’s most formidable centre of wealth and power.

So how was the world war playing in China, and why did the Chinese government sever diplomatic relations with the Central Powers on 14 March 1917? With apologies for my fairly random selections from the Chinese-to-English spelling multiverse, here’s some background. (...)

Lees verder op http://poppycockww1.com/china/14-march-1917-breaking-china/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The first demonstration of the revolutionary firefighters. Moscow. 14 March 1917

Foto... https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_first_demonstration_of_the_revolutionary_fire._Moscow_14_Mar_1917.jpg
Komt trouwens híer vandaan: https://russiainphoto.ru/search/years_1860-1999/?author_ids=222
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Worcestershire in WWl: 14 march

Home Front: Worcester Tribunals: The Military asked for a review of the exemption granted to Thomas Kilbourne Kay (33), general manager of Messrs. Kay and Co., Ltd., on the ground that he was not engaged in work of national importance. Col. Webb said exemption was granted previously because the business was one producing considerable income, and was regarded as of national importance. But now the view had been modified, and the Tribunal had to consider whether the business was essential. Col. Webb was about to question Mr. Kay, when he addressed the Tribunal, and said if they would grant him an extension of two months he should be extremely obliged. That would give him time to fix up domestic affairs and business matters, and he would then join up. The Tribunal granted his request. The Chairman said as he was interested in the firm he should not adjudicate, and he left the Bench while the case was decided….Messrs. Lea and Perrins applied for two – Hynett and Burton. The Clerk said Mr. Perrins had written stating that he was ill and he asked for an adjournment. Col. Webb said that Hynett was passed for C3, and if he was left Messrs. Lea and Perrins would not ask for Burton. On that condition he assented to Hynett remaining. Burton’s exemption was withdrawn and Hynett’s confirmed; to work one day on the land.

http://www.ww1worcestershire.co.uk/key-dates/1917/03/thomas-kay-allowed-further-2-months-to-prepare-for-land-work-by-tribunal/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 11:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

HANSARD → 14 March 1918 → Commons Sitting → WAR.

BRITISH MINISTER AT HAGUE (LIEUTENANT J. F. BARKER).

Major DAVID DAVIES asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether a young man named Harker is now occupying a position under the British Minister at The Hague; whether, before the War, his proper name was Haar-bleicher, which was subsequently changed to Harker; and whether he can state the special qualifications of this man for the position he now holds?

The MINISTER of BLOCKADE (Lord Robert Cecil) The hon. Member, no doubt, refers to Lieutenant J. F. Harker, of the Machine Gun Corps. He has been lent by the Army to the Foreign Office while he is unfit for general service. This gallant officer, who enlisted at the outbreak of war, and subsequently obtained a commission, and served for some time in France, is temporarily employed in a subordinate capacity at The Hague, where he is carrying out his work to the entire satisfaction of His Majesty's Minister.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1918/mar/14/british-minister-at-hague-lieutenant-j-f
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 12:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

OLIVE EDIS - Through the Lens of Britain's First Female War Photographer

14th March 1919 - On Friday 14th we started what proved to be about the biggest day’s work. We first drove back in the rambling old ambulance car to the hospital where I had photographed in the dispensary – 25 Stationary, where we grouped all the Sisters in the chapel. They made a perfectly beautiful picture in their grey dresses and white caps with the touch of scarlet on their capes. I was immensely taken with the whole thing.

We then went on for an hour’s drive to Pont de l’Arche, where after a good lunch I had five more rather difficult groups to do, a barber’s regular Bond St. establishment with Miss Button as coiffeuse, others of machinery, electric deposits and acetyline welding.

We then had a long two hours more in the ambulance to Gournay. I managed to get outside with the driver, for the noise inside with the rattling of the fittings was fearful, and had a wonderful view of the flooded Seine in mist and rain – a most beautiful winding road through the forest of Lyons.

The way was long and unknown, and Lady Norman’s help was needed with the maps. As it grew dark we had the benefit of a faint glow of moon. We passed through Beauvais, with its lovely Cathedral and Choir with flying buttresses, but it was closed. We reached Précis about 9.30 only to find that our unit had flown three days before. It was rather an awkward predicament on dark, unknown roads. However, the girls seemed mightily pleased with the adventure, which made all the difference. As it would have been unheard of for three benighted ladies to seek shelter at Chantily GHQ of the French army, we made for Creil, a dull ugly manufacturing town where the Germans had been.

We found there was a train to Paris at 10:25, so got the chaffeuses to take us to the station and then sped them on their homeward way, whilst we took the train.

https://oliveedisproject.wordpress.com/2016/03/14/14th-march-1919/
Zie ook: http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=33172&highlight=edis
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 12:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Schleswig plebiscites, 1920

The Schleswig plebiscites were two plebiscites, organized according to section XII, articles 109 to 114 of the Treaty of Versailles of June 28, 1919, in order to determine the future border between Denmark and Germany through the former duchy of Schleswig. The process was monitored by a commission with representatives from France, the United Kingdom, Norway and Sweden.

The plebiscites were held on 10 February and 14 March 1920, and the result was that the larger northern portion (Zone I) voted to join Denmark, while the smaller southern portion (Zone II) voted to remain part of Germany. (...)

Lees verder op https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schleswig_plebiscites,_1920
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Mrt 2018 12:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ruhr uprising

(...) The first demonstrations against the putsch were in the Ruhr region on 13 March 1920. For example, in Bochum, 20,000 people turned out. Whilst the Kapp Putsch (1) was in progress in Berlin, on 14 March 1920, in Elberfeld a meeting of representatives of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD), the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD) and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) was held. The left-wing workers' parties decided on a spontaneous alliance against the putschists. The SPD, USPD and KPD drafted a joint appeal to "winning political power by the dictatorship of the proletariat". (...)

(1) Zie bij Wat gebeurde er vandaag... van 13 maart.

Lees verder op https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruhr_uprising
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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