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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2006 5:52    Onderwerp: 17 Januari Reageer met quote

January 17

1916 Winston Churchill hears speech on the tragedy of war

Winston Churchill, beginning his service as a battalion commander on the Western Front, attends a lecture on the Battle of Loos given by his friend, Colonel Tom Holland, in the Belgian town of Hazebrouck.

The Battle of Loos, which took place in September 1915, resulted in devastating casualties for the Allies and was taken by the British as a sign of the need to change their conduct of the war. In one major consequence, Sir John French was replaced by Sir Douglas Haig as British commander in the wake of that battle.

“Tom spoke very well,” Churchill wrote to his wife, Clementine, “but his tale was one of hopeless failure, of sublime heroism utterly wasted and of splendid Scottish soldiers shorn away in vain…with never the ghost of a chance of success….Afterwards they asked me what was the lesson of the lecture. I restrained an impulse to reply ‘Don’t do it again’. But they will--I have no doubt.”

Churchill had been demoted from First Lord of the Admiralty after the British plan to attempt a naval capture of the Turkish-controlled Dardanelle Straits met with resounding failure in mid-to-late-1915. Reduced to a minor ministerial position, Churchill resigned from the government in November 1915 and rejoined the army, heading to the Western Front with the rank of lieutenant colonel.

During his six months in Belgium, the young Churchill—who would later lead his country to victory in the Second World War and be celebrated as the greatest political leader in British history—saw first-hand the hardships of war and the sacrifices that unknown, unheralded soldiers made for their country. More than once, he himself narrowly escaped death by an enemy shell. As he wrote to Clementine, “Twenty yards more to the left and no more tangles to unravel, no more anxieties to face, no more hatreds and injustices to encounter…a good ending to a chequered life, a final gift--unvalued--to an ungrateful country.”
www.historychannel.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2006 5:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Die Nachrichten vom 17. Januar

1914

1915
150000 Mann französische Verluste seit Joffres Angriffsbefehl am 17. Dezember
Der Reichskanzler und Herr v. Burian

1916
Feindliche Geschosse gegen Lens
Bedingungslose Waffenstreckung Montenegros
Montenegro bittet um Frieden

1917
Die russischen Angriffe bei Smorgon abgeschlagen
Lebhaftere Gefechtstätigkeit bei Beaumont
Artillerietätigkeit im Karst und im Wippach-Tal

1918
Erkundungsgefechte an der Westfront
Feuerüberfälle im Brenta-Gebiet

www.stahlgewitter.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2010 1:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1915 - Evacuatie van Soissons.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2010 1:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1915 - Einde van de Slag om Sarikamish, met de overwinning aan de Russische zijde.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2010 9:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1917 : Wapenstilstandsovereenkomst tussen Turkije en de Entente.

1918 - Russische Revolutie: De Rode Garde neemt Helsinki in.

Op deze dag begint ook een van de langste en bloedigste slagen uit WO2: de Slag om Monte Cassino.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2010 14:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

CONSCIENTIOUS OBJECTORS.

HC Deb 17 January 1918 vol 101 cc477-9 477

The House met at a Quarter before Three of the clock, Mr. SPEAKER in the Chair.

20. Mr. SNOWDEN asked the Secretary of State for the Home Department whether Leslie Kent, No. 3,576, a con- 478 scientious objector in Wormwood Scrubs Prison, is hunger-striking; for how long has he been doing this; whether he is being forcibly fed; and what is his present condition of health?

The SECRETARY of STATE for the HOME DEPARTMENT (Sir George Cave) This prisoner refused food and was artificially fed for a short time. He is now taking food voluntarily and is in good health.

21. Mr. SNOWDEN asked the Home Secretary if he will have immediate inquiry made into the conditions under which men employed under the Home Office scheme on gravel work by the Rickmansworth Gravel Company are housed; whether eight men have to sleep in a stable-loft which is damp and filthy; and if steps will be taken at once to provide more reasonable accommodation?

Sir G. CAVE I find on inquiry that a week ago the inspector reported that the loft in which the men sleep showed signs of dampness, and in accordance with his recommendation the Committee on Employment of Conscientious Objectors at once gave orders for a coal stove to be fitted in place of the existing oil stove. The inspector found the loft clean when he inspected it, and the men themselves are responsible for keeping it so. I am satisfied that the accommodation is adequate.

22. Mr. SNOWDEN asked the Home Secretary whether the concession in regard to the modification of prison treatment recently made to conscientious objectors with over twelve months' imprisonment have been granted to the conscientious objectors who were sentenced to death in France and whose sentence was afterwards commuted to ten years' penal servitude; whether seven or eight of these men are now in Maid-stone Prison and no relaxation of the rules has been made in their cases; and whether he will take steps to see that they receive the benefit of the concession?

Sir G. CAVE There are practical difficulties in the way of allowing to men under sentence of penal servitude the advantages which can be given under Rule 243 A to men under sentence of imprisonment, but I will consider the matter further.

Mr. SNOWDEN In considering the matter rill the right hon. Gentleman bear in mind that it was under a misunder- 479 standing that these men were sent to France and the sentences were given in France, and had it not been for the accident or mistake of the War Office they would have been tried in this country?

Sir G. CAVE Among the inquiries which I am making is an inquiry into the exact nature of the offence.

23. Mr. SNOWDEN asked what is the condition of the health of Isaac Hall-worth, a conscientious objector, now serving his third sentence, and who is at present confined in Pentonville Prison?

Sir G. CAVE I have made inquiry with regard to this prisoner's health, and find that since his admission to hospital, three weeks ago, he has improved, and is now quite well.

24. Mr. SNOWDEN asked the Home Secretary if he has had representations made to him by the St. Helen's Trades Council about the state of health of George Foster Smith, a conscientious objector, now in Shrewsbury Gaol; if this prisoner has been certified by the prison medical officer as suffering from heart disease; and, in view of the present state of his health, will he order his release?

Sir G. CAVE I have received the representations referred to, and, in view of a special medical report which I have just received, I have decided to recommend the prisoner's release from prison.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1918/jan/17/conscientious-objectors
(Commons Sitting of 17 January 1918 Series 5 Vol. 101)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2010 14:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Belgische vluchtelingen in Dordrecht

door Ad van den Boogaard

Uit de volgende voorbeelden blijkt, dat de Nederlandse overheid niet voor Sinterklaas speelde ten opzichte van de Belgische vluchtelingen. Op 24 december 1917 meldt het Comité Dordt voor Onderwijs, Steun en Inlichtingen aan Belgische vluchtelingen, dat een zekere August Richard zonder werk is en dit ook wel niet zal vinden. Men wil hem vandaag nog naar het Vluchtoord Uden laten afvoeren. Op 17 januari 1918 ontvangt de burgemeester een schrijven, waarin is vermeld, dat alhier nog aanwezige deserteurs en andere vreemdelingen naar het Vluchtoord Bergen kunnen worden gezonden.

Lees beslist verder op http://www.wereldoorlog1418.nl/vluchtelingen/dordrecht.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2010 14:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Grain Growers Guide,
17 januari 1917

http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/newspapers/GGG/1917/01/17/1/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2010 14:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Punch, or the London Charivari,
Volume 152, January 17, 1917

-----
Extract from Army Orders in the Field:—

"When Sections 3 and 4 have opened rapid fire, and the bullets have had time to reach the enemy, but not before, Sections 1 and 2 move up into line with No. 3 and 4."

Aren't the Staff wonderful? They think of everything.
-----

http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/13966
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2010 14:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Wednesday 17:
The United States pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands.

http://www.spiritus-temporis.com/1917/

17 januari 1917 - De Verenigde Staten heeft voor een bedrag van 25 miljoen dollar de Maagdeneilanden, gelegen in het oostelijke gedeelte van het Caribische gebied overgenomen van Denemarken.
De reden dat de Verenigde Staten belang hadden bij de eilanden groep was dat Denemarken door de Duitsers veroverd zou kunnen worden, waardoor ze ook de, voor de VS nabijgelegen, Maagdeneiland in handen zouden krijgen. De Amerikanen vreesden vervolgens ervoor dat de eilanden dan als onderzeeërbasis gebruikt zou gaan worden.

De Amerikanen benaderden de Denen en het duurde enkele maanden voordat de onderhandelingen afgerond werden. De Denen vreesden dat de VS, indien ze er niet uit zouden komen, het eiland uit voorzorg zou aanvallen, maar aan de andere kant was het voor de Denen toch een kostenpost.

Een referendum zorgde er uiteindelijk voor dat de Denen akkoord gingen. De partijen tekenden de overeenkomst en op 31 maart 1917 werden de eilanden eigendom van de Verenigde Staten.

http://www.nieuwsdossier.nl/dossier/1917-01-17/Verenigde+Staten+koopt+Maagdeneilanden+van+Denemarken
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2010 15:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

TITANIC SAILOR IN COURT
New York Times
Saturday 17 January 1914

Man Who Saved 45 Persons Says He Can't Support His Wife
---
CHICAGO, Jan. 16---Albert Horswill, who said he was in charge of the last lifeboat to leave the Titanic, and saved forty-five women and children, told Judge Uhlir in court to-day that he was unable to support his wife. Horswill, 38 years old, married an 18-year-old girl last November and deserted her a week ago.

"It would have been better if I had gone down with the Titanic," said Horswill. "I am working in a warehouse, but can't make enough to support one, let alone two."

Judge Uhlir sent the couple away together, after telling the sailor he must support his wife.

http://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-sailor-court.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2010 16:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

In oorlogsnood

Virginie Lovelings dagboek 1914-1918

Donderdag 17 Januari '18.

Regen, wind, smeltende sneeuw, sombere, mistige lucht; lang donker smorgens, echt winterweer.

Uitgeplakte verordening over de inbeslagneming en de stapelopneming van den handel in weefsels en lintwaren in het belgisch gedeelte van 't vierde leger. Vallen onder deze toepassing: gemaakte en gebreide goederen van elke soort uit plantaardige en dierlijke stoffen zonder onderscheid van kleur, teekening en afmetingen, naar maat gesneden, afgewerkt, onafgewerkt, half afgewerkt, gezoomd, ongezoomd, enz. benevens snoeren, gordellint, bretellen, wasdoek, linoleum, vilt, met een weefsel beplakt of toebereid papier, tapijten van bepaalde afmetingen of aan 't stuk, vloerkleedjes, loopers, gordijnen, zeildoeken, dekzeilenoorsp.: dekzuilen, nieuwe en gebruikte wagenhuiven, enz. enz.

Volgen strenge straffen voor het niet aangeven der voorhanden zijnde waren: ze kunnen beloopen tot vijf jaar gevang en vijfhonderduizend mark boete, benevens verbeurdverklaring der voorwerpen.
Er wordt veel gestolen in winkels en bij bijzondere personen. Verleden nacht is alles wat te Drongen op het buiten mijner verwanten van huishoudelijk nut was, uitgeroofd.

http://www.kantl.be/ctb/pub/loveling/html/d_1918-01-17.htm#d_1918-01-17entry1
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2010 16:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

AUCKLAND WEEKLY NEWS
17 JANUARY 1918


SUICIDE IN CAMP
Private Francis Edward RYAN of the 34th Reinforcements, committed suicide at Featherston camp on Saturday by cutting his throat with a razor. The deceased reported sick on returning from Christmas leave and was admitted to the camp hospital suffering from gastritis. Nothing unusual was noticed about his behaviour but on Saturday morning he got out of bed and was ordered back by a sergeant. Some time afterwards, two privates in the ward saw him in the act of cutting his throat. They summoned the sergeant and a struggle followed, the sergeant sustaining bad cuts on the arm. The razor was secured by Ryan’s injuries were so serious that he died in a few minutes. The deceased, who came from Middlesex, leaves a widow and an infant.

NEW ZEALAND V.C. WINNER
Eighteen Victoria Crosses have been awarded, including one to Private Henry James NICHOLAS, a New Zealander, for conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty in attack. He belonged to a Lewis gun section which was ordered to form a defensive flank to the right of an advance which was subsequently checked by the enemy as a strong point. Private Nicholas rushed forward alone, shot the officer in command of the strong point, and overcame the garrison of 16 by means of bombs and his bayonet, capturing four wounded prisoners and a machine-gun practically swingle-handed, saving many casualties. Subsequently, when the advance reached its limit, Private Nicholas collected ammunition under heavy machine-gun and rifle fire. His exceptional valour and coolness throughout the operations was an inspiring example to all.

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sooty/awn17jan1918.html
For limited look-ups, quoting date and page number please email jacwalles@clear.net.nz
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 19:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Newspaper Headline, 17 Jan. 1919



http://xroads.virginia.edu/~ma03/holmgren/prohib/prohib.html

The Eighteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution reads:

“After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.”

Herbert Hoover referred the Eighteenth Amendment as “an experiment noble in motive.” Commonly referred to as National Prohibition, the Eighteenth Amendment was passed on December 18, 1917. It was ratified on 16 January 1919 and put into effect on 17 January 1920.

http://system.uslegal.com/u-s-constitution/amendment-xviii-prohibition-1919/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 19:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Utrechts Nieuwsblad (17-01-1914)

http://www.hetutrechtsarchief.nl/collectie/kranten/un/1914/0117
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 19:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter from AH Pritchard to the Secretary, Department of External Affairs, 17 January 1914



http://www.uncommonlives.naa.gov.au/muslim-journeys/enlargement/letter-from-ah-pritchard-to-the-secretary.aspx
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 20:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1915)

17 januari 1915 - De Kempenaar schreef over de Nederlandse grenstroepen: “Donderdag-morgen rond half zeven brandde de schuur van A. Voeten in de Kerkstraat tot aan den grond af. Eenige paarden van de huzaren die daar gestald waren, zijn gered. Doch de kardoezen en een bus dyna­miet ontploften. De schuur hoorde toe aan Mr. van Gilse, burgemeester. Naar men zegt, dekt de verzekering de schade. Terwijl de schuur van A. Voeten aan het branden was, riep men van alle kanten dat ook de schuur van J. Michielsen in brand stond. En waarlijk, de schuur stond in lichterlaaie; ook daar stonden paarden van de huzaren, doch zij hebben geen letsel bekomen. Dat is het afscheid der huzaren in Baarle, daar zij denzelfden morgen vertrokken...” (onuitgegeven kroniek van Jan Huijbrechts)

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:OpmQriSUUlUJ:www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla/index.php%3Foption%3Dcom_content%26view%3Darticle%26id%3D188%253A06-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1915%26catid%3D90%253Aoorlog%26Itemid%3D118+17+januari+1915&cd=24&hl=nl&ct=clnk&gl=nl
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 20:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

WORLD WAR 1 at SEA - FRENCH NAVY - Destroyers, Submarines

SAPHIR, 15th January 1915, Turkish waters in the Dardanelles Narrows, off Nagara Point - probably ran aground. A month after British submarine "B.11" reached almost as far as Chanak in the Dardanelles and sank guardship "Mesudiye", "Saphir" was the first to try to break right through to the Sea of Marmara. She passed Chanak and got as far as Nagara Point against the fierce currents and after passing under ten lines of mines before her luck ran out. At this point, sources vary. She probably ran aground trying to avoid the minefields, surfaced and and was either scuttled or destroyed by shore batteries. In some sources she was mined. Many of her crew were lost, reportedly 14 men killed and 13 survivors. Other sources date her loss on the 17th January 1915.

http://www.naval-history.net/WW1NavyFrench2.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 20:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

ANTARCTIC FIRSTS - An eclectic collection of Antarctic 'firsts' arranged by date

First ordained clergyman to set foot on the Antarctic continent (Cape Evans), Arnold P. Spencer-Smith. (January 17?, 1915). Ross Sea Party, Imperial Trans-Antarctic expedition in the Aurora.

http://www.antarctic-circle.org/firsts.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 20:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

SOLDIER AND DRAMATIST, BEING THE LETTERS OF HAROLD CHAPIN

ST. ALBANS, Jan. 17th, 1915.

We are full of rumours of departure to Hatfield where the 5th now are. Hatfield is nothing like such a comfortable town for troops as St. Albans is but if we are sent there we may take it as a compliment. You see the three brigades of the 2nd Division are at Hatfield, Watford, and St. Albans but the Divisional H.Q. (Head Quarters) are in St. Albans which is nominally where the whole Division is, Hatfield and Watford being, in a military sense, suburbs. As far as can be gathered we---the 6th---came out rather strong at the Inspection held by Sir Ian Hamilton and the 5th came off rather badly, result being that they are to be brought to St. Albans to be more nearly under the Official Eye and we, as efficient enough to look after ourselves are sent to Hatfield to take their places.

Scabies has broken out down here. Three cases in the 6th---one in the Cook House. He came around to say farewell before going to London to the isolation Hospital but we drove him off with harsh words and logs of firewood which he considered ridiculous behaviour seeing he had only got the itch."

I personally have since washed all the clothes I have got and had various baths as have many others in the 6th.

Rumour hath it that we are forming still another reserve.

Love.

http://net.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/memoir/Chapin/Chapin01.htm#24
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Jan 17, 1916: PGA is formed

On January 17, 1916, a group of golf professionals and several leading amateur golfers gather at the Taplow Club in New York City, in a meeting that will result in the founding of the Professional Golfers Association (PGA).

The lunch meeting occurred at the invitation of Rodman Wanamaker, the son of the pioneering founder of Wanamaker’s department stores (now Macy’s). A graduate of Princeton University, Wanamaker joined his father’s business in 1886. He used his considerable wealth and influence to support a number of interests, including aviation, art and sports. Believing that golf needed an official organization to promote interest in the game, which was already growing at the time, Wanamaker invited a group of players, including the celebrated Walter Hagen, and other representatives of the sport to the Taplow Club for an exploratory meeting.

The Taplow Club gathering began a series of several meetings over the next several months, and on April 10, 1916, the PGA was officially established with 35 charter members. Wanamaker proposed that the newly formed organization hold an annual tournament, and offered to donate money for a trophy and prize fund. That October, the first annual PGA Championship took place at the Siwanoy Country Club in Bronxville, New York. James M. Barnes defeated Jock Hutchinson in the championship match, taking home the trophy and a purse of $2,580.

In the years since 1916, the PGA has grown into one of the sporting world’s largest professional associations. Each summer, top golfers compete at a different outstanding course for one of golf’s most prestigious awards, the Wanamaker Trophy.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pga-is-formed
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2nd Battalion CHESHIRE REGIMENT

August 1914 : in Jubbulpore, India. Returned to England, landing at Devonport on 24 December 1914.
Attached to 84th Brigade, 28th Division, at Winchester. Landed at Le Havre 17 January 1915.
Moved in October 1915 to Egypt and then on to Salonika.
12 January 1916 : the 1st Manx (Service) Company joined and became 'A' Company.

http://tonyrod.webs.com/
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Gettysburg Times, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, Monday, January 17, 1916

FIRE BOLT SENDS TOWN TO KNEES - Meteor Explodes Before Bank and Church - BEG MERCY FOR SOULS
Many Fearing End of the World Fall Prostrate Before Pastor, Returning
From Services


Washington, Pa., Jan. 17. - Residents of West Alexander were roused from
their beds by the explosion of a meteor, which struck the earth in the
center of the town's business district.

Terror-stricken, the Inhabitants ran out, fearing the world was coming to
and end and not knowing what dire calamity had befallen.

The heavenly visitor had fallen in front of the West Alexander National
bank, and the next thought of the towns people was that an attempt had
been made to rob the bank, which, with several other buildings, had been
damaged by the explosion. Posses were immediately organized and a
search began. Father Weber, of St. Joseph's cathedral, who is something
of an astronomer, solved the mystery of the meteor and the posses dispersed.

Rev. J. G. Deeds, pastor of the Methodist church, was returning from a
country prayer meeting when the meteor fell, and was probably the only
witness. People runing from their homes in wild scream found him standing
near the scene of the explosion, and they began to fall on their knees in
prayer, begging the clergyman to implore mercy for their souls. The more
practical-minded, however, saw the damaged front of the bank, and
immediately assigned a more earthly and highly criminal cause for
the explosion, and the hunt for the bank robbers began.

When it was found that other buildings, the Methodist church included,
had been damaged, the terror began again with renewed vigor.

It was not untill Father Weber made his investigation that calm took the
place of storm in the little town. He explained that the head of a meteor
rushing through the air had caused it to explode when it struck the
earth.

Many meteors have fallen in the Ohio vallery in the past, but none of them
stirred up half the excitement which this one did. Some of the townspeople
are still unconvinced that the falling of the meteor is not the omen
of a terrible catastrophe to come during 1916.

http://meteorite-identification.com/mwnews/01171916.html
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HMAS Psyche – The Forgotten Cruiser



HMS Psyche (pronounced Sigh-kee), a Pelorus third class protected cruiser named after the Greek mythological depiction of the soul, was laid down for the Royal Navy (RN) at the Devonport Dockyards on 15 November 1887 and was completed three years later. She served on the Australia Station from December 1903 and was one of just three RN cruisers still serving on the Station when the Australian Fleet Unit arrived in Sydney on 4 October 1913. She departed Australia shortly afterwards and was serving in New Zealand waters at the outbreak of World War I on 4 August 1914.[1]

The early months of the War were busy for Psyche as the cruiser was involved in the capture of the German Protectorate of Samoa as well as other German assets in the Pacific. She also formed part of the escort force for troop convoys bound for the Middle East from New Zealand. She decommissioned on 22 January 1915 and was laid up in Sydney.[2]

On 13 May 1915, the Prime Minister’s Department requested that the Admiralty loan Psyche to the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) as a training vessel. The Admiralty responded positively on 1 June and exactly a month later, on 1 July, HMAS Psyche commissioned into the RAN under the command of Commander (later Rear Admiral) Henry Feakes, RAN.[3]

Before Psyche could be commissioned, however, the Admiralty enquired with the Naval Board as to whether the cruiser might take a more active role in the war in Asia. Although the Middle and Far East were remote from the European theatres of war, Germany had been actively fomenting sedition in India and Burma as early as 1911, controlled primarily through the German embassy in Washington, even planning to smuggle arms and propaganda in support of a general uprising.[4]

While the Allies were aware that such activity was taking place, they remained unaware of its specifics. Psyche and HMAS Fantome (Lieutenant Commander Lewis Jones, RN), at that time an unarmed surveying ship, were hastily prepared to form part of a patrol in the Bay of Bengal. Both ships were necessarily manned by sailors still under training, augmented by experienced petty officers. Psyche departed Sydney on 16 August for Asian waters where she would remain for the next two years.

Psyche arrived at Singapore on 4 September and departed two days later for Rangoon with orders to organise a patrol scheme for the Burmese coast. Upon his arrival at Rangoon on 10 September, Feakes found three vessels of the British India Steam Navigation Company's fleet had already been taken up and were fitting out for patrol duties, each commanded by an officer of the Royal Indian Marine. He established a coastal patrol the very next day with a military detachment aboard each vessel.

Following a brief visit to Mandalay, where Feakes discussed his patrol scheme with the General Officer Commanding, Rangoon (Major-General Sir Herbert Raitt, KCIE, CB), Psyche returned to Rangoon and set about correcting various engine room defects. Upon HMS Diana’s arrival on 20 September, Captain George Hutton, RN, assumed command of the Burma Coast Patrol and appointed Feakes as Senior Naval Officer, Burma, with the three armed patrol vessels and ten coastal patrol launches under his command. Psyche proceeded to sea for her first patrol and inspection on 22 September.

Patrol and inspection duties remained the norm for Psyche for the remainder of the year. Patrols were typically of 10 to 12 days duration, at the conclusion of which the ship would return to Rangoon for two to four days for coal. Training classes, drills, evolutions and gunnery exercises continued during the patrols, and variations in the weather, ranging from extreme heat in the north to heavy storms in the south, made conditions very difficult for the crew. A general malaise affected the ship during this period. From 14 October to 2 November, 12 crew-members were admitted to hospital for various ailments while a further 14 were sick on board.[5]

Psyche returned to Rangoon on 17 January 1916 where orders were received to demobilise the Burma Coast Patrol, which was completed a week later. By this time it had become apparent that any German plots in India and Burma had collapsed and that the centres of intrigue had shifted to the neutral territories of the Malay Peninsula.[6] Psyche proceeded to Penang, where she arrived on 28 January, to await further orders. The following day eight ratings and an engineer midshipman were discharged to the sloop HMAS Una for passage back to Australia having been found unfit for service in the tropics. Psyche departed Penang at the end of the month for Port Blair where she was placed at short notice for service in the area as well as conducting periodical patrols off the east and west coasts of Sumatra.

References
1. John Bastock, Australia’s Ships of War, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, 1975, p. 51.
2. Bastock, Australia’s Ships of War, p. 51.
3. Telegrams between Commonwealth of Australia Prime Minister’s Department and Admiralty, 13/5/1915 and 1/6/1915.
4. Arthur W. Jose, The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-18 Vol IX, Angus and Robertson, Sydney, Ch VIII.
5. HMAS Psyche Report of Proceedings, 4/11/1915.
6. Jose, The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914-18 Vol IX p. 219.


Lees verder op http://www.navy.gov.au/Publication:Semaphore_-_Issue_12,_December_2010
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Fact And Fiction by Norman Rockwell, January 17, 1917 Issue of Leslie's



This painting shows us several contrasts.

An old man and a young woman are sitting on a bench riding a commuter train. Old and young, man and woman, pretty and grizzled.

The old man is wearing business suit under his overcoat. The young woman is fashionably dressed in a fur trimmed coat. She is also sporting a top hat and flower. Business and fashion.

The old man is staring intently at his newspaper. The young lady is daydreaming, probably about a passage she has just read in her book. Concentration and imagination.

The old man is reading a newspaper. The young lady is reading a book. Fact and fiction.

The real question: Which is fact and which is fiction? It's not always easy or simple to discern the difference .

http://www.best-norman-rockwell-art.com/norman-rockwell-leslies-cover-1917-01-17-fact-and-fiction.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 20:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Portugal in the Great War

The actual cause of the formal German declaration of war on 9 March 1916 was the seizure of 36 German and Austro-Hungarian merchant ships anchored in front of Lisbon since the beginning of the war on 24 February 1916, at Britain's request. These were to be used by Portugal to carry vital foodstuffs for the civilian population (or so ran the official version).

Despite Portugal's assurance that the ships would be handed back to Germany and indemnities paid, the German minister (Ambassador) Van Rosen delivered a formal declaration of war by Germany on 9 March 1916, claiming Portugal was an "English vassal" and the seizure of the ships was an intentional provocation (the latter being of course absolutely correct). Portugal promptly reciprocated by declaring war on Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

After the German declaration of war on 9 March 1916, the Portuguese government pledged to send an expeditionary force to fight on the Western Front. Overcoming considerable difficulties, Portugal managed to raise a well equipped and trained force in just three months. This astounding achievement, of which a celebrated parade held at Montalvo in 22 July 1916 was the crowning glory, became known as "the miracle of Tancos" (Tancos being the camp where the forming of the Portuguese units and the training of its soldiers took place).

By a decree of 17 January 1917, two separate expeditionary forces were organized:

The Corpo de Artilharia Pesada Independente (CAPI) - Independent Heavy Artillery Corps - would consist of three mixed groups of three heavy batteries each (one of 320mm railway guns and two of 190mm or 240mm pieces), plus a depot battery, and would be placed under French operational command. All of these artillery pieces would be supplied by Great Britain.

The Corpo Expedicionário Português (CEP) - Portuguese Expeditionary Corps, originally supposed to consist of a single reinforced division, was expanded to a two division army corps, with a theoretical strength of 54976 men, in 12 February 1917. The CEP would be placed under the operational command of the British First Army in the Artois/Flanders front.

In addition, Portugal fielded sizeable forces to defend its African colonies against the German colonial forces under v. Lettow-Vorbeck in northern Mozambique and several tribal uprisings instigated by the Germans in southern Angola.

http://www.worldwar1.com/france/portugal.htm
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Brothers died in 1917 - Our listing of known sets of brothers who died on the same date in 1917.

17 January 1917 - John, 21, and Robert Christy, 25, died while serving with 1st Battalion, the King's (Liverpool Regiment). Sons of Robert Christy, of 199 Everey Street, Manchester, both had formerly been in the Manchester Regiment. The brothers are buried in adjacent graves in Pozieres Cemetery.

http://www.1914-1918.net/brothers1917.htm
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Navy general orders concerning death of Admiral of the Navy George Dewey



General Order No. 258
Navy Department, Washington, 17 January 1917.

It is with feeling of genuine grief that the Secretary of the Navy announces the death at 5.56 p.m. yesterday at his residence in Washington of The Admiral of the Navy.

The career of George Dewey "ran in full current to the end." Vermont was his mother State and there was always in his character something of the granite of his native hills. Dewey was under fire with Farragut in the Mississippi River, and bore himself gallantly throughout the War between the States.

The battle in Manila Bay on 1 May 1898, made him the foremost naval officer since Farragut and victor of the first American sea fight with a foreign foe since the War of 1812.

"Gentlemen, a higher power than we has won this battle to-day," the commodore said to his captains at the conclusion of the battle when it had been learned that the victory, one of the most decisive in our history, had been one without the loss of a single American seaman. In peace, in war; in sickness, in health; in victory and in conflict, and in every relation of life Admiral Dewey invariably exhibited the virtues of the patriot and the Christian.

His whole life, 62 years of which, were spent in the Navy, was full honorable achievement, and his service in peace has been hardly less distinguished than his laurels in war. As president of the General Board of the Navy since its inception he has played a leading part in making the Nation ready for war on the seas. The same statesmanlike qualities which he exhibited in handling the international situation at Manila after the battle of 1 May 1898, he has shown as the head of this board of naval experts.

In recognition of his victory in Manila Bay the then commodore was advanced one grade to that of rear admiral, and in addition received the thanks of Congress. Later by special act of Congress he was promoted to be The Admiral of the Navy, a rank never held by an American naval officer previously, although two, Porter and Farragut, were rewarded with the rank of full Admiral. He was placed by Congress on the active list until such time as he might see fit to apply for retirement. But his active spirit could not rest. He never folded his hands. He chose to die on the bridge, even until the Pilot came aboard his life craft who should take him across the bar. He died one of the foremost figures of modern times.

The flag will be displayed at half-mast at all navy yards and stations, and on board all ships in commission until after the funeral shall have taken place, and 19 minute guns will fire at noon on the day of the funeral from each navy yard and from the senior ship present afloat.

All officers of the Navy and Marine Corps will wear the badge of mourning with the uniform for 30 days.

The Navy Department, by executive order will be closed on Saturday, 20 January 1917.

Josephus Daniels,
Secretary of the Navy

http://www.history.navy.mil/bios/dewey_george.htm
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The Canadian Expeditionary Force: Central Ontario Regiment

The winter of 1916-1917 was spent holding different parts of the line, patrolling, and carrying out trench raids. One particularly large raid was carried out on the morning of 17 January 1917. On this raid, in 90 minutes, the battalion took 57 prisoners, including one officer, captured one mortar piece, and destroyed 35 deep dugouts, two bomb stores, and two mortar pieces. Two officers and thirty men of the enemy were counted dead, besides an indeterminate number killed inside dugouts. Our casualties were two officers wounded, 27 other ranks killed, 51 wounded and one missing.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/cef.htm

Zie ook: Godefroy, Andrew B. -- "A lesson in success : the Calonne trench raid, 17 January 1917". -- Canadian military history. -- Vol. 8, no. 2 (Spring 1999). -- p. 25-34

http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/military/025002-6031-e.html
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 16 Jan 2011 21:20, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 21:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

PUNCH, OR THE LONDON CHARIVARI, Vol. 152, January 17, 1917.



"SNOWING HIM UNDER.

A FORECAST OF THE NEW BRITISH WAR LOAN.

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/13966/13966-h/13966-h.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 21:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

17 January 1918 → Commons Sitting

SIR DOUGLAS HAIG (TELEGRAMS).


HC Deb 17 January 1918 vol 101 c481 481

28. Mr. LYNCH asked the Home Secretary whether the new year's telegram of the Duke of Connaught to Sir Douglas Haig was submitted to the Censor?

Sir G. CAVE The Press Bureau as a Censoring Department had no concern with this telegram.

Mr. LYNCH Does it exercise any right of control over the telegrams of other people?

Sir G. CAVE Not over private telegrams.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1918/jan/17/sir-douglas-haig-telegrams
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ON ACTIVE SERVICE with the AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE

Somewhere in France January 17th, 1918

Dear Father & all.

I will drop a few lines to let you know we arrived safe. Have been here some time. I wrote you two letters but lost both of them before I got them mailed. The weather is not very cold here but quite damp. All of us are feeling fine. I can't tell you much of our trip as the censor would not let it pass. The people here seem to be very friendly, allthough we can't talk with them much. I have managed to pick up a few words of French. May learn to talk it some day. There are two American newspapers published in Paris so we get fresh news from the U.S. I have made an allotment of part of my pay to you. I allso took out $10,000 of Governmnet insurance it cost $6.60 per month. I wish you would pass this letter allong to Elsie[sister] & Art[brother] tell them I will write to them soon. A good many of us got seasick on the way over(I for one) but got over it in a day or two. it seemed an awfull long way across the ocean we were mighty glad to see land. I think Columbus had his nerve to tackle it in a sailing vessel. This leaves Joe[cousin] and I both well. Answer soon. Your Son

address
Private, Robert E. Schalles
Ambulance Co. No. 1
A.E.F
via New York, N.Y.

http://www.robertschallesmemorial.com/LettersSub/b01171918.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 21:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Paul van Ostaijen. Een documentatie

Optreden als aktivist in 1917-1918

Op 17 januari 1918 werden de vijf beschuldigden door de Correctionele rechtbank te Antwerpen, waarvoor de substituut-procureur des Konings, Mr. De Schepper, als aanklager optrad, veroordeeld tot een gevangenisstraf van drie maanden, een geldboete van 26 fr. en 1/6 van de proceskosten, die in totaal 20 fr. beliepen, op grond van de beschuldiging: ‘op 16 september 1917, allen door daden, woorden, gebaarden [sic], zijne Eminentie Kardinaal Mercier, aartsbisschop van Mechelen, in de uitoefening van zijn bediening te hebben gesmaad.’ Pijnenburg kreeg bovendien nog een boete van 26 fr. en een tweede zesde deel van de proceskosten te betalen, aangezien hij er ook nog schuldig aan bevonden werd ‘wetens te hebben medegewerkt tot het uitgeven of verspreiden van druksels, waarbij de echte aanwijzing van de naam en de woonstede des schrijvers of des drukkers niet was vermeld.’ Alle veroordeelden tekenden beroep aan, waardoor ook de uitvoering van het vonnis werd uitgesteld. Eerst op 28 maart 1919 - toen Van Ostaijen in Berlijn woonde - bevestigde het Hof van Beroep te Brussel het vonnis.

http://www.dbnl.org/tekst/borg006paul01_01/borg006paul01_01_0031.php
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 21:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

WACO DAILY TIMES HERALD, JANUARY 17, 1918

RANCK, PRIVATE ELMER E. - Private Elmer E. Ranck of the Fourty-first recruit squadron, third provisional regiment, died yesterday at the base hospital. Pneumonia was the cause of his death. Instructions from William Ranck, the father of the dead soldier, are expected today from Ocean View, N.J.

SMITH, FRANCIS - Francis Smith, aged 20, a soldier of Camp MacArthur died at 9:50 last night at the base hospital from the effects of pnuemonia. The body is being held at the undertaking establishment of F.M. Compton, awaiting instructions from the soldier's father Charles H. Smith of Stitzer, Wis.

http://www.usgennet.org/usa/tx/county/mclennan/obits/jan1918.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 21:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

A Jan. 17, 1919, check for $2.50



http://www.thelighthousenews.com/photos/2011/jan/14/116761/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 21:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Mess Night, Germany - January 1919

This menu from January 17 1919 and was for a Mess Night held by the Alberta Regiment of the 31st Canadian Infantry Batallion.



The Canadian batallion saw action in France and Belgium from September 1915 until the end of hostilities in 1918. They formed part of the Army of Occupation in Germany in December 1918, and finally returned home in May 1919.

The menu is worth taking a moment to look at more closely - it has been put together with many references to the conflict just finished.

On the back of the menu are the signatures of some who attended the dinner.



http://daglishfamily.blogspot.com/2008/01/mess-night-germany-january-1919.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 21:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Captain Robert Aitken



Born in Cambuslang on 14th August 1894, Robert Aitken was the younger son of Mr and Mrs James G Aitken. His father was a manufacturer and the family lived at Endrick Bank, Cambuslang. Robert went up to the University of Glasgow in 1912 to study Medicine, and he excelled in all his exams. He kept close to the top of his class throughout, gaining merit certificates, including a commendation in surgery from the great, but notoriously hard to please Sir William McEwen.

In his early years he gained merits in Zoology and Botany, and in his later years, distinctions in Clinical Medicine, Midwifery and Ophthalmology. He graduated in 1917 with commendation and in normal times, the prospect of a distinguished career. But there was a war on. He had been a student member of the OTC. Immediately after graduating he joined the RAMC and in September 1917 he sailed for Mesopotamia.

Robert attained the rank of Captain and saw active service in Iraq. He survived the war, only to die of pneumonia in the Military Hospital at Baghdad on 17th January 1919. He was twenty-four.

http://www.universitystory.gla.ac.uk/ww1-biography/?id=1744 via http://www.universitystory.gla.ac.uk/ww2-intro/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 21:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Soldier's Mail - Letters Home from a New England Doughboy 1916-1919

Sarrey, France 1/17/1919



Sarrey, France

Dear Em.

This card and a few words to let you know that Im O.K. and expect to see you soon. This town is about three miles from Sarrey or the town we are now at. Expect to move toward the coast any day now. Hoping this finds you all well I am

Sam.
Samuel E. Avery #69762, Hdq Co. 103rd Inf. U.S. Army

http://worldwar1letters.wordpress.com/2010/01/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 22:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Harvard Crimson: "HARVARD CASUALTIES"
Published: Friday, January 17, 1919

Lieut. L. A. Stone, D.M.D. '05. - First Lieutenant Lester Ashton Stone, D.M.D. '05, of Pittsfield, has been reported killed in France on October 17, 1918. He was in the Sanitary Detachment of the 103rd Infantry.

Lieut G. A. McKinlock, Jr., '16 - Lieutenant George Alexander McKinlock, Jr., '16, of Lake Forest, Ill., has been reported killed in cavalry action near Soissons on July 21, 1918.

Lieut. A. R. Gaylord, L. '15-'17. - First Lieutenant Arthur Russell Gaylord, Law '15-'17, of Minneapolis, Minn., has been reported killed in infantry action in France.

Lieut O. M. Watkins '19. - Second Lieutenant Osric Mills Watkins '19, of Indianapolis, Ind., a pursuit pilot in the air service of the A. E. F., died of pneumonia on October 22; 1918.

L. B. Hook '16. - Leon Beck Hook '16, of Mexico City, Mexico, died of pneumonia at the Aviation Training Station at Seattle, Wash.

J. L. Teare, Jr., '17-'18 - John Lawrence Teare, Jr., '17-'18, of Monmouth, Ill., died of pneumonia, on September 15, 1918, while serving in the Naval Reserve Force.

http://www.thecrimson.com/article/1919/1/17/harvard-casualties-pblieut-l-a-stone/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 22:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sheffield City Battalion | Alphaeus Casey's Diary | January 1915

Sunday 17th January 1915 - 12pm. Relieved by corporal, “relief halt”, the new sentry taking position 2 paces to left of me, “sentries pass”; he took up my position. Had little cake, tried to sleep on planks with blankets and overcoat on. Cold, got up 12.45pm. At 1am went with corporal and another to patrol the lines; all correct. Tried to sleep 1.30-2am. Man talking in sleep, 1 snoring, sergeant coughing. Sleep impossible. Sat by fire 2.45-4am. 4am-6am guard. Very cold, sleepy, saw only sergeant on visiting round and officer’s servant.

6-8.30am washed pots, folded blankets, toilet, swept up, cleaned tables. Guard turned out 7am at reveille, retreat (4.30pm) and tatos (1st and 2nd posts). Presented, sloped, ordered arms to new guard and vice-versa. Dismissed. Brekker:- bacon, dozed, lost at bridge. Went home in afternoon, Mother missioning at Mexboro, saw birthday cake. Visited Douglas. Convalescent , tonsils out and adenoids, Sydney Walton ditto.

http://www.pals.org.uk/sheffield/casey_diary01.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 22:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Bedfordshire Regiment in the Great War - 1915 War Diary

17-19 Jan 1915 - in trenches Snow & sleet In trenches. Very dark night.

http://www.bedfordregiment.org.uk/2ndbn/2ndbtn1915diary.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 22:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

William Frederick Olsson diaries, 22 August 1916-22 January 1919

William Frederick Olsson, a bookkeeper and telegraphist from Coogee, N.S.W. enlisted on 17 January 1916 to join the 1st Pioneer Battalion, 4th Reinforcement.

http://acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/item/itemdetailpaged.aspx?itemid=884665
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 22:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Voor de volledigheid:

Percy Toplis @ 16 Jan 2011 21:12 schreef:
Godefroy, Andrew B., "A lesson in success : the Calonne trench raid, 17 January 1917". -- Canadian military history. -- Vol. 8, no. 2 (Spring 1999). -- p. 25-34


http://www.wlu.ca/lcmsds/cmh/back%20issues/CMH/volume%208/Issue%202/Godefroy%20-%20A%20Lesson%20in%20Success%20-%20The%20Calonne%20Trench%20Raid,%2017%20January%201917.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 22:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

17 January 1918 → Written Answers (Commons)

COLOURED MEN.


HC Deb 17 January 1918 vol 101 c508W 508W

Mr. HOUSTON asked the Minister of National Service whether he will urge upon the War Office the need to employ coloured men in the fighting line and so release skilled workmen from the Army for employment in the shipbuilding yards, engine-shops, and mercantile marine; whether he is aware that as there are many coloured men from Africa in the labour battalions in France it has been proved that they can stand the climate; and whether he is aware that many coloured men are anxious to fight for the British flag, but have not been permitted to do so?

Mr. MACPHERSON My hon. Friend has pressed this question on more than one occasion, and I can assure him that the question of the employment of coloured men in the fighting line has received, and is now receiving, the most careful consideration. Every possible use is being made of their services in the various theatres of war.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1918/jan/17/coloured-men#S5CV0101P0_19180117_CWA_16
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 22:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The First World War Diary of Bdr Charles Bertram Spires (1917-1918)

14th January 1918 - Grand visibility. See French batteries on top of mountains pelting away all day. Set up kitchen which was on its own. RGA fellows after struggling with horses on icy roads for hours chanting "Its a long,long trail awinding" at midnight. Sounded well in the valley.

17th January 1918 - Have just heard reason for chanting: RGA's knocked-out four Austrian batteries so have avenged their five comrades now in the soldier's cemetery at Montebelluno. Have had 09-00 to 13-00 visual on top of Montello hills. Rather a cool job with lamp. Foggy at first.

http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/tedspires/Diary.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 16 Jan 2011 22:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1918 - World War one in Scarborough (from the book "Neath a Foreign Sky" by Paul Allen)

The men of the 1ST West Yorkshire’s had spent the winter of 1917 either digging new trenches or repairing old ones. On the 12TH of December the men of the battalion had boarded buses, which had transported them to billets at Blaireville. Three days had been spent in relative comfort there; however, on the 16TH of December the battalion had taken over a sector of the front line opposite the German held village of Riencourt Where the men had been set to work digging a new trench system. Christmas had been spent in Blaireville, where the unit had received Christmas greetings from the regiment’s Commander in Chief, His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales [who had been in Italy at the time]. Soon afterwards, on the 27TH of December, the battalion had moved to the Moeuvres sector where until the 17TH of January 1918 the men had ‘enjoyed a well earned rest’. This rest period had been followed by a spell in the front line at Moeuvres…’where several days of quietude were spent. The enemy appears to have been inactive though both sides were vigilant’…

http://www.scarboroughsmaritimeheritage.org.uk/greatwar/s22-january-1918.php
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2011 8:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

AUCKLAND WEEKLY NEWS - 17 JANUARY 1918

PRISONERS OF WAR

Leaving Germany and Turkey. Transferred to Switzerland: BANKS, W H, Corporal; BARNETT, W E J; CRAWFORD, J J D; FEATHERSTON, O; LOCKETT, A H;SLOAN, T C.

At Rotterdam en route to England: KEMP, F W; OXLEY, H; PACEY, S V

Has left Contstantinople en route to England: SHOEBRIDGE, A J, Corporal

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sooty/awn17jan1918.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2011 8:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sneeuwoproer in Groningen, 17 januari 1918



In de stad Groningen breekt het 'sneeuwoproer' uit: een menigte boze werklozen belaagt wethouder Hieronymus Sissingh (Hieronymus Jacobus Sissingh, 1868-1940) van gemeentewerken omdat die 'slechts' 300 sneeuwruimers wil inhuren voor het schoonmaken van de stad. Bij gemeentewerken hadden zich zeker duizend werkzoekenden met sneeuwschoppen gemeld. Door WO-I is er ook in Groningen veel werkloosheid. Wethouder Sissingh komt er met wat builen en een kapotte hoed vanaf.

http://smeltkroes.messageboard.nl/viewtopic.php?p=149713
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2011 8:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The First U.S. Aircraft Manufacturing Companies

Glenn Martin

Glenn Martin was one of the most successful aircraft pioneers. He began his aviation career in Santa Ana, California, building his first successful plane in 1909 and performing as the "Flying Dude."

In 1911, Martin organized the Glenn L. Martin Company, which was officially established on August 16, 1912. He moved to Los Angeles where he beat out competitors Wright and Curtiss to win orders for his Model TT tractor-engine trainer from the U.S. Signal Corps and delivered 17 military trainers in 1914. In 1915, Martin hired Donald Douglas, who would soon start his own successful aircraft company, as chief engineer.

On August 7, 1916, the Wright Company approached Martin about merging. Martin accepted the offer, and in September 1916, the Wright-Martin Aircraft Company was formed. But Martin was unhappy with the company, and after a short time, left it and established the second Glenn L. Martin Company on September 10, 1917, at Cleveland, Ohio, rejoined by Douglas.

Toward the end of World War I, the Army asked Martin to develop a bomber aircraft that would be superior to the Handley Page 0/400, His MB-1 met the requirements, and Martin received an initial order for 50 Martin MB-1 bombers on January 17, 1918, reduced to 10 planes when the war ended. This was the first of the large bombers that would distinguish Martin's career as an aircraft manufacturer.

http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Aerospace/earlyU.S/Aero1.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Jan 2011 8:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Norma Talmadge, Picture Play Magazine Cover, United States, January 1918



http://www.magazine-covers.net/t4841365/norma-talmadge/picture-play-magazine-united-states-january-1918-magazine-cover.html
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