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Russian WWI armoured cruiser Pallada found

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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Okt 2012 16:03    Onderwerp: Russian WWI armoured cruiser Pallada found Reageer met quote

The Baltic Sea is a treasure chamber of shipwrecks
Experts excited at find of the torpedoed Russian World War I armoured cruiser Pallada

Finland’s National Board of Antiquities considers the find by a Finnish diving group of the Russian World War I armoured cruiser Pallada in the Gulf of Finland to be of real significance.
“For example its war grave status makes it an important discovery. Furthermore, warships are unique sources of information”, says National Board of Antiquities marine archaeologist Minna Leino.

The Pallada sank with all hands in the autumn of 1914. It was the pride of the Russian Baltic Sea Fleet. It was almost brand new and its crew were a top class outfit, chosen for the purpose.
When the ship went down, she took with her around 600 officers and men, for whom the Gulf of Finland became their watery grave.
Now the Pallada lies outside of the Finnish coastal town of Hanko in two pieces at a depth of 60 metres. The divers, who found the wreck already in the summer of 2000, spent 12 years examining it before going public with the find and telling Helsingin Sanomat about it this past summer.

For a diver, finding a wreck almost the size of the car and passenger ferry Estonia, which famously went down in Finnish territorial waters in 1994 killing more than 800 passengers and crew, is an immense experience.
“The Pallada is the largest warship wreck in the Gulf of Finland. It was the Russian fleet’s greatest loss in the Baltic Sea in the First World War”, explains Jouni Polkko, one of the first men to dive to the wreck.
“The sinking of the Pallada was an important turning point in the history of naval warfare. It marked the end of the era of armoured cruisers and the beginning of the era of submarines.”
The Pallada was taken out by a single torpedo fired from a German submersible. The ship was hit in the magazine, exploded, and broke in two, disappearing under in a matter of minutes.
Wartime censorship rules meant that little was written of her fate at the time, and over the decades she has become a legendary object of attention for divers and naval historians, but otherwise forgotten, in spite of the horrific loss of life.

Wars, busy sea traffic, and difficult sailing conditions have resulted in the loss of great many vessels in the Baltic Sea. They have created a real treasure chamber at the bottom of the sea, containing tens of thousands of ship carcasses.
“The naval warfare history of the Baltic Sea is long and colourful. Also, for a long time it has been a significant commercial waterway, and on top of this it is difficult to navigate through”, Minna Leino lists.

Furthermore, in the Baltic Sea the wrecks keep remarkably well.
The stable conditions, the lack of tidal movement and sea currents, the brackish water, and the oxygen depletion in the deeps all contribute to the preservation of the ship hulks. Even Teredo navalis, the naval shipworm, which is a species of saltwater clam, is not an issue in the Baltic Sea.
The murkiness of the water also helps. “The ships are preserved as if in a dark cellar”, Leino points out.

The oldest shipwrecks in Finnish territorial waters date back to the 14th century.
The Forum Marinum Maritime Centre researcher Mikko Meronen also considers the Pallada an interesting subject of research.
“It is one of the largest vessels ever to have sunk in the waters close to Finland. There are not many World War I wrecks of this size left anywhere”, he says.
“We have to remember, however, that the wreck is the final resting place of quite of few souls.”
The diving group Badewanne did not even try to penetrate the interior of the wreck. It concentrated on documenting the exterior and surroundings of the Pallada.
“The grave status, the dangerous nature of the target - the ship is upside down in two pieces - and its difficult accessibility”, Polkko lists the reasons.

The secret dives continued for 12 years. Why was the find made public only now?
“We did not try to claim the find. We told the authorities about it”, Polkko says.
“But now that the centennial anniversary of World War I is approaching, we thought that it might be a good time to go public with the find.”
The diving group Badewanne will talk about the Pallada and their dives in Sanomatalo’s Kulma at 16:00-16:45 on Tuesday, October 9th.
HS journalist Unto Hämäläinen will interview the group in Finnish.

The history of the Pallada and the rediscovery of the wreck will be covered in more detail in a weekly IntEd article by Hämälainen to be published on Tuesday.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Okt 2012 20:01    Onderwerp: Het verhaal van de Pallada Reageer met quote

Pallada - the search for a sunken Russian cruiser that was torpedoed in October 1914
Victim of WWI submarine attack was for decades the worst maritime disaster in the Baltic

By Unto Hämäläinen

This is the first item of news to be published in Helsingin Sanomat about the Imperial Russian Navy's cruiser Pallada for nearly 100 years.
The last occasion on which the newspaper mentioned this vessel was on March 31st, 1915.
The news item was not exactly expansive.
In the middle of a lengthy discourse on the progress of the First World War there was a mention, almost in passing, that a Russian warship named the Pallada had been sunk the previous autumn.

Voor de rest van deel 1 van het artikel en deel 2:
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BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Okt 2012 20:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Leuke artikelen, verhaal was me volstrekt onbekend. En wat een verlies aan levens, 600 man de dieperik in!

Gr P
Wie achter de kudde aanloopt, sjouwt altijd door de stront.
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