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W. H. Rivers

 
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Geregistreerd op: 17-2-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 06 Nov 2005 16:48    Onderwerp: W. H. Rivers Reageer met quote

W.H. Rivers
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Feature Articles: The Repression of War Experience by W. H. Rivers
Updated - Sunday, 9 February 2003

Reproduced within this sub-section of the site is a paper written and presented by the renowned British wartime psychiatrist W. H. Rivers (1864-1922).

From October 1915 until the close of 1917 Rivers served at Britain's Craiglockhart War Hospital where men suffering from shell shock, i.e. psychological trauma, were sent for treatment during wartime.

Although the fields of medicine and psychiatry initially struggled with the concept of shell shock Rivers' approach at Craiglockhart received much praise, most notably after the war. Among the men who received care from Rivers at Craiglockhart were the poets Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen (the former of whom wrote a poem named after this paper - The Repression of War Experience - in gratitude to his mentor in 1917).

The paper reproduced here (divided into sections via the sidebar to the right) was presented to the Section of Psychiatry at the Royal School of Medicine on 4 December 1917, i.e. during wartime. It was subsequently published in The Lancet on 2 February 1918.

It outlines Rivers' views upon the treatment of the neuroses arising from modern warfare and delivers a series of illustrative cases which came his way while serving at Craiglockhart.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/rivers1.htm

Quote:
W. H. Rivers
Born: 12 March 1864, Luton, nr. Chatham Kent, England
Died: 4 June 1922, Cambridge, England

English anthropologist and psychiatrist known for his seminal work on the subject of kinship and for his treatment of shell-shocked soldiers during the First World War.

Born William Halse Rivers, he attended Tonbridge public school, before studying medicine in London. Later he developed an interest in psychology. In 1893 he was appointed Lecturer in Psychological and Experimental Psychology at the University of Cambridge. He joined the university's expedition to the Torres Straits in 1898 and subsequently carried out an extensive study of kinship in Melanesia.

During the First World War Rivers worked at Craiglockhart military hospital near Edinburgh. Here he applied psychoanalytical techniques to British officers suffering from various forms of neurosis brought on by their war experiences. One of his patients was Siegfried Sassoon, the famous poet. It was Rivers' responsibility to encourage young men to return to the war and probable death, something that became increasingly complex for him over time.

After the war, Rivers published the results of his experimental treatment of patients at Craiglockhart. He remained particularly friendly with Sassoon, who regarded him as a mentor.


http://www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk/people/BG.0187/

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Hauptmann



Geregistreerd op: 17-2-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 06 Nov 2005 17:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote


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