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Canadian Military Intelligence and the Revolution of Militar

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 14 Aug 2010 8:18    Onderwerp: Canadian Military Intelligence and the Revolution of Militar Reageer met quote

Canadian Military Intelligence and the Revolution of Military Affairs of 1914-1918

Robert Martyn
Queens University


The shock effect of modern artillery, coupled with machinegun and rifle bullets penetrating trees and earthworks, killing those seeking shelter behind them would mark a revolutionary change from warfighting of the past.
The only escape from this envisaged weight of fire would be that ďevery body of menÖmust immediately entrench itself.Ē1 However, many contemporary military theorists believed that technological advances favoured offence and defence equally; thus in battle the victor would be the side best demonstrating ťlan and a disregard for casualties.2

The major European combatants uniformly drew the lessons of national mobilization and the superiority of massed offensives from the Continental conflicts of late-nineteenth century. There were several struggles between 1870 and 1914 in which modernized technology played a great role. While these should logically have had a more significant influence on doctrine and combatantsí expectations going into World War I, they were largely ignored.

Of particular relevance was the Russo-Japanese war of 1904-05 in that it featured much of the same weaponry that would be used in Europe a decade later: high- explosive air-burst artillery, magazine fed rifles, and machineguns. The main Great War belligerents should have been drawn to lessons from this conflict in that Russia, a principal European military force, was fighting against Japan, with its British-trained navy and German-trained army.3 Despite the clear examples of the destruction inherent in European-style doctrine employing modern weapons, observers chose to emphasize that which confirmed their predisposition; morale, within the army and the nation, is the significant factor.

Lees verder:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/35247020/Canadian-Military-Intelligence-and-the-Revolution-of-Military-Affairs-of-1914-1918
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