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Ontwikkelingen rond Edith Cavell.

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Auteur Bericht

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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2005 11:08    Onderwerp: Ontwikkelingen rond Edith Cavell. Reageer met quote

On 12 October, 1915, British Nurse Edith Cavell was taken from her prison cell in Brussels and executed by a German firing squad.

Britain used the death for maximum propaganda value around the world.

Miss Cavell, of Swardeston, Norfolk, was painted as an innocent nurse caring for the sick "murdered" on the trumped-up charge of spying.

But a BBC East documentary Inside Out shows she was not as innocent of espionage as the British made out.

Edith Cavell's coffin
Hundreds came to Edith Cavell's funeral

While working as a nurse in Belgium during World War I she became mixed up in a dangerous game of helping wounded soldiers to escape.

David Jesse Tunmore from King's Lynn was one of those she got out.

Chris Basey, who wrote the book The Tunmores of Norfolk, told the BBC how Mr Tunmore and a fellow soldier found themselves cut off from their battalion.

"They found themselves in the clinic where Edith Cavell was in charge and they were some of the very first that she then helped to escape," he said.

File of Edith Cavell
Secret files show her intelligence role

"She provided papers. She provided false passports.

"I believe she was very well aware of what she was doing. She was prepared to die for it - I am convinced of that."

Historian and expert on the intelligence services, Nigel West, believes that Miss Cavell knew she was involved in espionage.

'Carefully vetted'

"The reality is that Edith Cavell was up to her neck in it," he said.

"The secret intelligence services very carefully vetted Edith Cavell before they decided to trust her.

"Given her sense of character the intelligence services were confident that she would have gone to her death without revealing any secrets."

Recently-released secret files tell us that Cavell, realising her life was in danger, wrote to her mother just days before she was arrested.

If help was to come, however, it would be too late.

Miss Cavell was betrayed by a double agent and tricked into a confession.

But her patriotic duty meant she kept quiet about the rest of the undercover operation, and the British, for propaganda reasons, also hid her role.

'Intelligence role'

So while Miss Cavell's fellow workers were decorated for their bravery, she was never officially honoured for bravery by this country.

Mr West said: "Having presented Cavell as an innocent victim, it must have been very difficult, even in Whitehall, to give her any recognition that she had an intelligence role and an important one at that."

After the war, Norfolk soldier David Jesse Tunmore helped carry the coffin when Miss Cavell's body was returned to Norwich.

He was one of the many men who owed their life to her.

Edith Cavell is buried at Norwich Cathedral

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BerichtGeplaatst: 26 Okt 2005 22:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Opmerkelijke ontwikkelingen, eens zoeken naar deze documentaire zou ik zeggen!
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Patrick @ IFF

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BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Okt 2005 14:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Oud "nieuws" van oktober 2002 Rolling Eyes
Ik dacht dit toch al bekend was in onze kringen?
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BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Okt 2005 14:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Nee Ik had hier nog nooit van gehoord
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BerichtGeplaatst: 31 Okt 2010 12:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Edith Cavell's life remembered in new book

The life of Norfolk nurse Edith Cavell is being remembered in a new book which celebrates the work she carried out in World War I.
The book marks the 95th anniversary of her execution for helping allied soldiers flee German-occupied Belgium.
Cavell was born in Swardeston in 1865 and is buried at Norwich Cathedral.
"I wanted to write about altruism... and I don't think you could find anyone who fitted the bill better than Edith Cavell," said author Diana Souhami.
"She was a real public servant through and through and it's quite refreshing to write about somebody who thinks about other people all the time rather than about themselves," she added.

Victorian upbringing
Edith Cavell was born to Reverend Frederick Cavell, the vicar of Swardeston.
"She had a typical Victorian upbringing, in fact she found her father's sermons rather dull. She was herself a devout Christian but she found her own way of being Christian, which was to work for others as a nurse," said Diana.

Monuments to Cavell exist around the country including Norwich
"She trained as a nurse in the Florence Nightingale tradition. She then went to Brussels to start up the first ever training school for nurses and was a hospital matron there when the Germans marched into Belgium in 1914," she added.
Despite being celebrated as a key figure in Allied resistance in mainland Europe, Diana argues that Cavell did not consciously set out to occupy that role.

"Most of the First World War was fought in fields and trenches and when these soldiers got separated from their regiments, if they were picked up they were shot or sent to prisoner of war camps," said Diana.
"When two of them arrived wounded at the door of her clinic she let them in and she nursed them. It then followed from that that she helped them get to the Dutch border because Holland was neutral, then to freedom.
"She didn't really set out to become a resistance worker, it was just she wouldn't turn away anyone who came in need to her door and that was how it began."

Monuments to Cavell exist around the country including Norwich

Great risk
From those first two men fortunate enough to stumble across her door, Cavell went on the assist numerous troops back across the border.
"It's hard to know the exact numbers but the estimates are that she probably aided about up to 1,500 soldiers to get freedom," said Diana.
By harbouring the soldiers and smuggling them to safety, Cavell was placing her own life at great risk - something which eventually led to her capture and death.
"The whole place was thick with secret police and they rounded up this whole network. She learned that the men outside who were ostensibly mending the road weren't in fact doing that, they were spying on her," said Diana.
"The network was rounded up and then there was a sort of kangaroo court and a mock trial, a travesty of a trial, in which 35 of them were tried in two days and indicted.
"It was a foregone conclusion that they would be found guilty."
Diana's belief that Cavell was acting altruistically is borne out by the dangers of the role she was playing.
"I think she knew she ran the risks. I don't think she thought she would be executed, I think she thought she'd be imprisoned, but she was shot because she was English," said Diana.


Cavell's final resting place is located in the grounds of Norwich Cathedral
She was held for ten weeks in solitary confinement before her execution and after her death her story was used to further the war effort, something which Diana believes went totally against what she stood for.
"I think the trouble was after she died it was used for propaganda purposes to get more soldiers to recruit and go to that awful war. Ten million fighting men were killed in that war.
"When she was given communion before she died, the priest said: 'We'll remember you as a heroine and a martyr.'
"And she said: 'Don't think of me like that, think of me as a nurse who tried to do her duty.'
"I think the real way to remember her is as a true public servant."
There are still monuments, hospitals and roads named after Edith Cavell - there is statue near Trafalgar Square in London - and there were calls at the time for a state funeral with her remains being laid to rest in Westminster Abbey.
Today however, she resides closer to home in the grounds of Norwich Cathedral.
"The family wanted her to be in Norwich because they were Norfolk through and through," said Diana.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 31 Okt 2010 12:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meer over Cavell:
The Cavell Van 132 and Funerals of National Importance

Edith Cavell-De problematische representatie van een oorlogsheldin

Van onaardig zijn tot oorlogsmisdaad

The heroine who humbled me
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BerichtGeplaatst: 31 Okt 2010 15:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Niet alleen in Groot Brittannié werd Edith herdacht...

People always have been the foolish victims of deception and self-deception in politics, and they always will be, until they have learned to seek out the interests of some class or other behind all moral, religious, political and social phrases, declarations and promises.
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mrs Stan

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BerichtGeplaatst: 31 Okt 2010 17:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

In de zomer van 2005 tijdens ons bezoek aan Norwich hebben we de Cathedral bezocht en dus ook het graf van Edith Cavell.

Deze memorial staat bij de ingang van het terrein rond Norwich Cathedral.

Het graf van Edith Cavell bevind zich achter Norwich Cathedral.

De rode pijlen geven de locaties van het memorial en het graf aan.

Greetz, Margreet Cool
"Those boys were lions led by donkeys" quoted by our friend Mike about the victims of shot at dawn
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Stretcher B.

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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Nov 2010 10:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Restauratie beëindigd van treinwagen die Edith Cavell en de Britse Onbekende Soldaat vervoerde.

Deze museumlijn ligt in Tenterden, Kent, op minder dan 1 uur rijden van Dover/Folkestone.
"Het eerste dat sneuvelt bij het begin van elke oorlog is het gezond verstand"
A. den Doolaard
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Nov 2011 9:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Mooie bijdrage over Edith Cavell:
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Dec 2011 21:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Filmpje van de begrafenis van Edith Cavell:
"Horum omnium fortissimi sunt Belgae"
"Van hen(de Galliërs) allemaal zijn de Belgen de dappersten"
Julius Caesar(100 VC - 44 VC)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Dec 2011 22:13    Onderwerp: Miss Cavell Reageer met quote

The German vision on the execution of miss Cavell.
(Official translation)
Arthur Zimmermann on the Execution of Edith Cavell

It was a pity that Miss Cavell had to be executed, but it was necessary. She was judged justly. We hope it will not be necessary to have any more executions.
I see from the English and American press that the shooting of an Englishwoman and the condemnation of several other women in Brussels for treason has caused a sensation, and capital against us is being made out of the fact.
It is undoubtedly a terrible thing that the woman has been executed; but consider what would happen to a State, particularly in war, if it left crimes aimed at the safety of its armies to go unpunished because committed by women.
No criminal code in the world - least of all the laws of war - makes such a distinction; and the feminine sex has but one preference, according to legal usages, namely, that women in a delicate condition may not be executed. Otherwise man and woman are equal before the law, and only the degree of guilt makes a difference in the sentence for the crime and its consequences.
I have before me the court's verdict in the Cavell case, and can assure you that it was gone into with the utmost thoroughness, and was investigated and cleared up to the smallest details.
The result was so convincing, and the circumstances were so clear, that no war court in the world could have given any other verdict, for it was not concerned with a single emotional deed of one person, but a well-thought-out plot, with many far-reaching ramifications, which for nine months succeeded in doing valuable service to our enemies to the great detriment of our armies.
Countless Belgian, French, and English soldiers are again fighting in the ranks of the Allies who owe their escape to the activities of the band now found guilty, whose head was the Cavell woman. Only the utmost sternness could do away with such activities under the very nose of our authorities, and a Government which in such case does not resort to the sternest measures sins against its most elementary duties toward the safety of its own army.
All those convicted were thoroughly aware of the nature of their acts. The court particularly weighed this point with care, letting off several of the accused because they were in doubt as to whether they knew that their actions were punishable. Those condemned knew what they were doing, for numerous public proclamations had pointed out the fact that aiding enemies' armies was punishable with death.
I know that the motives of the condemned were not base; that they acted from patriotism; but in war one must be prepared to seal one's patriotism with blood whether one faces the enemy in battle or otherwise in the interest of one's cause does deeds which justly bring after them the death penalty.
Among our Russian prisoners are several young girls who fought against us in soldiers' uniforms. Had one of these girls fallen no one would have accused us of barbarity against women. Why, now, when another woman has met the death to which she knowingly exposed herself, as did her comrades in battle?
There are moments in the life of nations where consideration for the existence of the individual is a crime against all. Such a moment was here. It was necessary once for all to put an end to the activity of our enemies, regardless of their motives; therefore the death penalty was executed so as to frighten off all those who, counting on preferential treatment for their sex, take part in undertakings punishable by death.
Were special consideration shown to women we should open the door wide to such activities on the part of women, who are often more clever in such matters than the cleverest male spy. The man who is in a position of responsibility must do that, but, unconcerned about the world's judgment, he must often follow the difficult path of duty.
If, despite these considerations, it is now being discussed whether mercy shall be shown the rest of those convicted, and if the life which they have forfeited under recognized law is given back to them, you can deduce from that how earnestly we are striving to bring our feelings of humanity in accord with the commandments of stern duty.
If the others are pardoned it will be at the expense of the security of our armies, for it is to be feared that new attempts will be made to harm us when it is believed that offenders will go unpunished or suffer only a mild penalty. Only pity for the guilty can lead to such pardons; they will not be an admission that the suspended sentence was too stern.

Bron: Source Records of the Great War, Vol. III, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923
bezoek ook onze website
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BerichtGeplaatst: 15 Okt 2014 16:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

10 April 2014

The National Archives is making over 150 top secret MI5 files available online for the first time. This forms part of The National Archives' First World War 100 programme of digitised releases and events to mark the centenary.

The files contain a wealth of material about organisations and individuals involved in espionage or under surveillance during the period of the First World War. They are part of the wider security service personal file series (file reference KV 2) held by The National Archives.

Dr Stephen Twigge, Records Specialist at The National Archives said: 'The files in The National Archives' collection reveal the importance of the security service in safeguarding the nation during the First World War. Now that we have made the files available online as part of our First World War 100 programme, people across the globe can discover the secret history behind the war for themselves.'
Highlights within the files include:

Edith Cavell
(KV 2/822): British nurse, arrested, tried by German military court and executed. The file contains photos of Nurse Cavell's grave and other martyrs' headstones at the site of the execution in Belgium. The photos were sent by the French authorities to MI5 to pass on to her mother. There is a letter in response from Edith Cavell's mother, thanking them for the photos.
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