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Maart Victoria Cross maand

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Mrt 2006 7:13    Onderwerp: Maart Victoria Cross maand Reageer met quote

Zie hier een sticky met de uitleg over dit topic.
http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=756
Deze maand is het dus Victoria Cross maand geworden.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Mrt 2006 7:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

William George BARKER DSO, MC

"His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to confer the Victoria Cross on the undermentioned Officers of the Royal Air Force, in recognition of bravery of the highest possible order: —

Capt. (A./Major) William George Barker, D.S.O., M.C., No. 201 Sqn., R.A. Force.

On the morning of the 27th October, 1918, this officer observed an enemy two-seater over the F'oret de Mormal. He attacked this machine, 'and after a short burst it broke up in the air. At the same time a Fokker biplane attacked him, and-he was wounded in the right thigh, but managed, despite this, to shoot down the enemy aeroplane in flames.

He then found, himself in the middle of a large formation of Fokkers, who attacked him from all directions; and was again .severely wounded in the left thigh; but succeeded in driving down' two of the enemy in a spin. He lost consciousness after this, and his machine fell out of control. On recovery he found himself being again attacked heavily by a large formation, and singling out one machine, he deliberately charged and drove it down in flames.

During this fight his left elbow was shattered and he again fainted, and on regaining consciousness he found himself still being attacked, but, notwithstanding that he was .now severely wounded in both legs and his left arm shattered, he dived on the nearest machine and shot it down in flames. Being greatly exhausted, he dived out of the fight to regain our lines, but was met by another formation, which attacked and endeavoured to cut him off, but after a hard fight he succeeded in breaking up this formation and reached our lines, where he crashed on landing.

This combat, in which Major Barker destroyed four enemy machines (three of them in flames), brought his total successes up to fifty enemy machines destroyed, and1 is a notable example of the exceptional bravery and disregard of danger which this very gallant officer has always displayed throughout his distinguished career.

Major Barker was awarded the Military Cross on 10th January, 1917; first Bar on 18th July, 1917] the Distinguished Service Order on 18th February, 1918; second Bar to Military Cross on 16th September, 1918; and Bar-to Distinguished Service Order on 2nd November, 1918."

(London Gazette - 30 November 1918)



Name: William George Barker
Country: Canada
Rank: Major
Service: Royal Flying Corps Royal Air Force
Units: 4, 9, 15, 28, 66 (RFC) 139, 201 (RAF)
Victories: 50
Date Of Birth: November 3, 1894
Place of Birth: Dauphin, Manitoba
Date Of Death: March 12, 1930
Place of Death: Rockcliffe Aerodrome, near Ottawa


Barker joined the Canadian Mounted Rifles in December of 1914. He spent a year in the trenches before transferring to the Royal Flying Corps in April of 1916. After starting out as a mechanic, he qualified as an observer in August 1916 and shot down his first enemy aircraft from the rear seat of a B.E.2d. Assigned to England in November 1916, he soloed after 55 minutes of dual instruction and received a pilot's certificate in January of 1917.

A month later, he was back in France flying an R.E.8 until wounded by anti-aircraft fire on August 7, 1917. When he recovered, he served as a flight instructor before returning to combat duty in France. In November of 1917, his squadron was reassigned to Italy where Barker's Sopwith Camel became the single most successful fighter aircraft of the war. Logging more than 379 hours of flight time, Barker shot down 46 enemy aircraft before Camel #B6313 was retired from service and dismantled on October 2, 1918.

That month, he assumed command of the air combat school at Hounslow. Deciding he needed to brush up on air combat techniques for his new assignment, Barker joined 201 Squadron for ten days in France. During that time, he saw no action and was about to return to England when he decided to make one more excursion over the front.

On October 27, 1918, while flying alone, he encountered sixty Fokker D.VIIs flying in stepped formation. In this hreoic battle with Jagdgeschwader 3, Barker shot down four enemy aircraft despite serious wounds to both legs and his elbow. Fainting from pain and loss of blood, he managed to crash land his Snipe safely behind British lines. Barker received the Victoria Cross (VC) for this action.

Victoria Cross (VC)
"On the morning of the October 27, 1918, this officer observed an enemy two-seater over the Foret de Mormal. He attacked this machine and after a short burst it broke up in the air. At the same time a Fokker biplane attacked him, and he was wounded in the right thigh, but managed, despite this, to shoot down the enemy aeroplane in flames. He then found himself in the middle of a large formation of Fokkers who attacked him from all directions, and was again severely wounded in the left thigh, but succeeded in driving down two of the enemy in a spin. He lost consciousness after that, and his machine fell out of control. On recovery, he found himself being again attacked heavily by a large formation, and singling out one machine he deliberately charged and drove it down in flames. During this fight his left elbow was shattered and he again fainted, and on regaining consciousness he found himself still being attacked, but notwithstanding that he was now severely wounded in both legs and his left arm shattered, he dived on the nearest machine and shot it down in flames. Being greatly exhausted, he dived out of the fight to regain our lines, but was met by another formation, which attacked and endeavored to cut him off, but after a hard fight he succeeded in breaking up this formation and reached our lines, where he crashed on landing. This combat, in which Major Barker destroyed four enemy machines (three of them in flames), brought his total successes to fifty enemy machines destroyed, and is a notable example of the exceptional bravery and disregard of danger which this very gallant officer has always displayed throughout his distinguished career." VC citation, London Gazette, November 30, 1918

Military Cross (MC)
"For conspicuous gallantry in action. He flew at a height of 500 feet over the enemy's lines, and brought back most valuable information. On another occasion, after driving off two hostile machines, he carried out an excellent photographic reconnaissance." MC citation, London Gazette, January 10, 1917

Military Cross (MC) Bar
"For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He has done continuous good work in co-operation with the artillery, and has carried out successful reconnaissances under most difficult and dangerous conditions." MC Bar citation, London Gazette, July18, 1917

Military Cross (MC) Bar
"For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. When leading patrols he on one occasion attacked eight hostile machines, himself shooting down two, and on another occasion seven, one of which he shot down. In two months he himself destroyed four enemy machines and drove down one and burned two balloons." MC Bar citation, London Gazette, September 16, 1918

Distinguished Service Order (DSO)
"For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. When on scouting and patrol work he has on five different occasions brought down and destroyed five enemy aeroplanes and two balloons, though on two of these occasions he was attacked by superior numbers. On each occasion the hostile machines were observed to crash to earth, the wreckage bursting into flames. His splendid example of fearlessness and magnificent leadership have been of inestimable value to his squadron." DSO citation, London Gazette, July 18, 1918

Distinguished Service Order (DSO) Bar
"A highly distinguished patrol leader whose courage, resource and determination has set a fine example to those around him. Up to the 20th July, 1918, he had destroyed thirty-three enemy aircraft - twenty-one of these since the date of the last award (second Bar to the Military Cross) was conferred on him. Major Barker has frequently led the formation against greatly superior numbers of the enemy with conspicuous success." DSO Bar citation, London Gazette, November 2, 1918
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Richard



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BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Mrt 2006 18:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Te koop op Ebay een zeldzaam boek:

The book of the Victorian Cross Evt. Aanklikken


Laatst aangepast door Richard op 03 Mrt 2006 19:41, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 03 Mrt 2006 18:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=1011
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erik



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BerichtGeplaatst: 06 Mrt 2006 23:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sgt TURNBULL James Youll VC

17th HIGHLAND LIGHT INFANTRY
Op 1 juli was hij bij de eersten die over de PARAPET gingen.Het objectief was de LEIBZIG REDOUBT.De voorste Duitse lijn werd gemakkelijk ingenomen.

Bij het passeren ervan merkte Turnbull,welke altijd zeer alert was,in een oude kalkgroeve een grote Duitse handgranatendepot op.Vandaar de naam GRANATLOCH,nu omgeven door bomen.Met zijn manschappen geraakte hij tot aan de tweede Duitse lijn.Turnbull,een ervaren cricketspeler,was een expert in granaatwerpen.Van zijn eenheid kon hij het verste werpen.Tijdens de dag kon hij meerdere tegenaanvallen afslaan.Hij stuurde zijn mannen naar achter om zich van Duitse granaten te laten bevoorraden.Hij wierp deze zo snel en zoveel dat hij regelmatig zonder kwam te zitten en maakte dan gebruik van een machinegeweer.Door zijn optreden kon hij voorkomen dat de Duitsers de positie terug innamen.Tegen de avond werd zijn eenheid afgelost.
Turnbull bleef echter in de voorste linies en werd even later door een SNIPER gedood.De VC werd hem aldus posthuum toegekend.

Hij ligt begraven op het nabijgelegen LONSDALE CEMETERY.Opmerkelijk hierbij is dat men zijn grafsteen en de SOA(SITE OF ACTION) op één foto kan zetten.Het bosje komt net boven de horizon uit.

Sgt TURNBULL,LONSDALE CEMETERY (IV-G-9)
Op zijn grafsteen is geen epitaaf.Voor een VC vrij uitzonderlijk.
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militairmuseum



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Mrt 2006 22:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ik was laast in london bij het Guards museum, ik stond daar met de curator over medailles te praten.Op een gegeven moment kregen we het over een victoria cross dat er hing. Hij vertelde me dat de medaille zelf al niet vaak voor komt en daardoor veel waarde heeft maar dat meestal het verhaal erachter de waarde van de medaille bepaalt.
Hij vertelde het volgende verhaal over een medaille die ze eerst hadden maar net verkochten hadden( nu, maart 2006) ongeveer 1,5 maand geleden.Het ging welliswaar over wo2 maar toch vertel ik het aangezien het over een victoria cross ging.

In wo2 was een engelse vlieger met zijn lancaster bommenwerper op een missie boven duitsland toen hij werd aangevallen. Zijn linkervleugel vloog in brand.
De automatische brandblusser in de motor was ook kapot gechoten dus de vleugel kon niet geblust worden.
De piloot deed een touw om zijn middel en kroop over de vleugel(denk eraan, op een goede 1,5 km hoogte,veel wind, met een grootte snelheid, onder aanval en de vleugel dus in brand),
hij wist handmatig met een brandblussertje de vleugel te blussen.
Voor deze daad kreeg hij het victoria cross.
De veiling van deze medaille bracht 250.000 engelse pond op, ongeveer 402.500 euro dus.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Mrt 2006 23:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Het is VC Norman Cyril Jackson:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Cyril_Jackson
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BerichtGeplaatst: 12 Mrt 2006 19:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Ok, weet ik zijn naam ook meteen.
Voor de rest klopte het verhaal van de curator dus,alleen was het touw een parachute en was het wat langer geleden dat de medaille verkocht was.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Apr 2006 8:21    Onderwerp: Billy Bishop Reageer met quote

William Avery "Billy" Bishop VC, CB, DSO & Bar, MC, DFC, ED (February 8, 1894 – September 11, 1956) was a Canadian World War I flying ace, officially credited with 72 victories, the highest number for a British Empire pilot.

Bishop was born on 8 February 1894, in Owen Sound, Ontario. He was the second of three children born to William A. and Margaret Bishop. His father, a lawyer and graduate of Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto, was the Registrar of Grey County. In 1911, at the age of 17, Billy Bishop entered the Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) in Kingston, Ontario. His parents chose RMC more because his poor marks prevented his attending the University of Toronto than because of any interest in a military career. Bishop failed his first year at RMC in marked contrast to his older brother Worth who had set academic records while he was at RMC.

When World War I broke out in 1914, Bishop left the college and joined the Mississauga Horse Regiment. He was commissioned as an officer but was ill with pneumonia when the regiment was sent overseas. After recovering, he was transferred to the 7th Canadian Mounted Rifles, then stationed in London, Ontario. They left Canada for England on June 9, 1915 on board the requisitioned cattleship Caledonia.

In July 1915, frustrated with the mud of the trenches and the lack of action in the cavalry, he transferred to the Royal Flying Corps as an observer. On 1 September, he reported to 21 (Training) Squadron at Netheravon for elementary air instruction. The first aircraft he flew in was the Avro 504. The squadron was soon ordered to France, and on January 1, 1916 it arrived at Boisdinghem airfield, near St Omer equipped with RE7 reconnaissance aircraft. During one flight, he badly injured his knee, his only injury of the war, and spent the summer recuperating in Britain, fortunately missing the Battle of the Somme.

Following his recovery he was accepted for training as a pilot. He reported to Brasenose College on October 1 1916 for initial ground training. In November he moved to the Central Flying School at Upavon on Salisbury Plain to begin flight training. He learned to fly in a Maurice Farman "Shorthorn". After receiving his wings he was attached to 37 (Home Defence) Squadron at Sutton's Farm, Essex flying the BE.2c. He soon requested a transfer to France.

In March 1917, he was posted to 60 Squadron at Filescamp Farm near Arras, flying the Nieuport 17. At the time the average lifespan of a new pilot in that sector was 11 days. Bishop claimed his first victory on 25 March when his was one of four Nieuports that engaged three Albatros D.III Scouts near St Leger. After that his total increased rapidly. He claimed 25 planes down in April alone, winning the Military Cross and a promotion to Captain for his participation at the Battle of Vimy Ridge. On 5 April he scored his fifth victory and became an ace. To celebrate he had the cowling and struts of his plane painted bright blue. This was probably inspired by the red spinners on the plane of fellow squadron member Captain Albert Ball the then highest scoring ace. On April 30 Bishop allegedly survived an encounter with Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron, and in May he won the Distinguished Service Order for shooting down two planes while being attacked by four others.
Enlarge

On June 2 1917, he flew a solo mission behind enemy lines to attack a German-held aerodrome, where he claimed that he shot down three planes that were taking off to attack him and destroyed several more on the ground. For this feat he was awarded the Victoria Cross, although it has been suggested that he may have embellished his success. His VC was the only one ever awarded in violation of the warrant requiring witnesses, and since the German records have been lost, and since the archived papers of his VC were lost as well, there is no way of ever knowing if there were any witnesses or not.
Victoria Cross
Enlarge
Victoria Cross

The citation for his VC, published in the London Gazette on 11 August 1917, read:

For most conspicuous bravery, determination, and skill. Captain Bishop, who had been sent out to work independently, flew first of all to an enemy aerodrome; finding no machines about, he flew on to another aerodrome about 3 miles southeast, which was at least 12 miles the other side of the line. Seven machines, some with their engines running, were on the ground. He attacked these from about fifty feet, and a mechanic, who was starting one of the engines, was seen to fall. One of the machines got off the ground, but at a height of 60 feet, Captain Bishop fired 15 rounds into it at very close range, and it crashed to the ground. A second machine got off the ground, into which he fired 30 rounds at 150 yards range, and it fell into a tree. Two more machines then rose from the aerodrome. One of these he engaged at a height of 1,000 feet, emptying the rest of his drum of ammunition. This machine crashed 300 yards from the aerodrome, after which Captain Bishop emptied a whole drum into the fourth hostile machine, and then flew back to his station. Four hostile scouts were about 1,000 feet above him for about a mile of his return journey, but they would not attack. His machine was very badly shot about by machine-gun fire from the ground.

He returned home to Canada in 1917, where he was lauded as a hero and helped boost the morale of the Canadian public, who were growing tired of the war. On October 17 1917 at Timothy Eaton Memorial Church in Toronto, he married his longtime fiancée Margaret Burden, a granddaughter of Timothy Eaton. Her brother was the ace Henry Burden. After the wedding he was assigned to the British War Mission in Washington DC to help the Americans build an air force. While stationed here he wrote an autobiography entitled Winged Warfare.

Upon his return in April, 1918, Bishop was promoted to Major and given command of 85 Squadron, the "Flying Foxes". This was a newly formed squadron and Bishop was given the freedom to choose many of the pilots. The squadron were equipped with the SE5a scout and left for Petit Synthe, France on May 22 1918. Bishop scored his next victory on the 27th followed by two more on the 28th.

The Canadian government was becoming increasingly worried about the effect on morale if Bishop were to be killed so, on 18 June, he was ordered to return to England to help organise the new Canadian Flying Corps. Bishop was not pleased with the order coming so soon after his return to France. He wrote his wife: "I've never been so furious in my life. It makes me livid with rage to be pulled away just as things are getting started." The order specified that he was to leave France by noon on the 19th. On the morning of the 19th Bishop decided to have one last solo patrol. In just 15 minutes of combat he added another 5 victories to his total. He claimed downing 2 Pfalz D.IIIa scouts, caused another two to collide with each other and shot down a German reconnaissance plane.

On August 5, Bishop was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel and was given the post of "Officer Commanding-designate of the Canadian Air Force Section of the General Staff, Headquarters Overseas Military Forces of Canada". He was onboard ship returning from a reporting visit to Canada when news of the armistice arrived. Bishop was demobilised from the Canadian Expeditionary Force on December 31 and returned to Canada.

By the end of the war, he had 72 air victories, including 55 assessed as "destroyed" with the balance "out of control." In any case, he was recognized as the leading British Empire pilot, and the second-highest ranking Allied ace behind French Lt. René Fonck with 75.

After the war he established a short-lived passenger service with fellow ace William Barker. In 1921 Bishop and his family moved to Britain where he was quite successful. In 1928 he was the guest of honour at a gathering of German Air Aces in Berlin, and was made an Honorary Member of the Association. Unfortunately the family's wealth was wiped out in the crash of 1929 and they had to move back to Canada.

In 1938 he was promoted to Honorary Air Marshal of the Royal Canadian Air Force and placed in charge of recruitment. He was so successful in this role that they had to turn many applicants away. He created a system for training pilots across Canada, and became instrumental in setting up and promoting the Commonwealth Air Training Plan which trained over 55,000 airmen in Canada during the war. In 1942 he appeared as himself in the film Captains of the Clouds, a Hollywood tribute to the RCAF.

Both of Bishop's children became aircrew. He presented his son Arthur with his wings during World War II, and Arthur would go on to become a Supermarine Spitfire pilot. He presented his daughter, Jackie, with the Wireless Sparks Badge as a radio operator in 1944.

By 1944 the stress of the war had taken a serious toll on Bishop, and he resigned his post in the RCAF to return to private enterprise in Montreal. His son later commented that he looked 70 years old on his 50th birthday in 1944. He remained active in the aviation realm however, predicting a phenomenal growth of commercial aviation in the post-war world. His efforts to bring some organization to the nascent field led to the formation of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in Montreal. He wrote a second book at this time, Winged Peace advocating international control of global airpower.

With the outbreak of the Korean War Bishop again offered to return to his recruitment role, but was in poor health and was politely refused by the RCAF. He died in his sleep on 11 September 1956, while wintering in Palm Beach, Florida. He is buried in Greenwood Cemetery in Owen Sound, Ontario.

His life is depicted in the famous Canadian play, Billy Bishop Goes To War. The play was so successful that it led to Bishop once again becoming a national hero.

It also led indirectly to a CBC television documentary called The Kid Who Couldn't Miss, produced by the National Film Board of Canada. The show, based around "mock interviews" with Bishop and others, suggested that Bishop faked his famous attack on the German aerodrome. In one particularly egregious scene, his mechanic claims that the damage to his plane was confined to a small circle in a non-critical area, implying that Bishop had landed his plane off-field, shot the holes in it, and then flew home with claims of damage. In fact his mechanic was his biggest supporter in this issue, and the scene was a complete fabrication.

After years of controversy over Bishop's record, the show led to an inquiry by the Canadian government in 1985. The Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology discredited the documentary, saying it was an unfair and inaccurate portrayal of Bishop.

His decorations include the Victoria Cross, Distinguished Service Order & Bar, Military Cross, Distinguished Flying Cross, Legion of Honor Chevalier, and the Croix de Guerre with palm. He was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath in the King's Birthday Honours List of 1 June 1944.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Bishop
Birth: Feb. 8, 1894
Owen Sound
Ontario
Death: Sep. 11, 1956
Palm Beach
Florida

Canadian World War I Flying Ace. He is credited with 72 victories, and earned the Victoria Cross (Britian's highest award). At the beginning of World War I, he joined the 8th Canadian Mounted Rifles, serving with the Canadian Expeditionary Force. In December 1915, he transferred to the Royal Flying Corps, and received his pilot's certificate in 1917. Many considered him a mediocre pilot, but his extraordinary eyesight and shooting skill made him an expert shot. As the Commander of the "Flying Foxes" he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross after scoring 25 victories in just 12 days. On the morning of June 2, 1917, he single-handedly attacked a German aerodrome on the Arras front, destroying 7 airplanes on the ground and shooting an additional 4 airplanes down, before having to break contact due to lack of ammunition. For this action, he was awarded the Victorian Cross. He was also awarded a Military Cross, and the Distinguished Service Order (2 awards). In 1918, he wrote a book "Winged Warfare" which detailed his exploits in the air. Bishop was also the brother-in-law of Canadian air ace Henry Burden. (bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson)


Burial:
Greenwood Cemetery
Owen Sound
Ontario, Canada
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=10460
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