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21 September

 
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Emiel



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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2006 6:52    Onderwerp: 21 September Reageer met quote

Quote:
Der deutsche Heeresbericht:

Großer Sieg bei Reims und Verdun
Großes Hauptquartier, 21. September.
Bei den Kämpfen um Reims wurden die festungsartigen Höhen von Craonelle erobert und im Vorgehen gegen das brennende Reims der Ort Betheny genommen.
Der Angriff gegen die Sperrfortslinie südlich von Verdun überschritt siegreich den Ostrand der vorgelagerten, vom französischen 8. Armeekorps verteidigten Côte Lorraine. Ein Ausfall auf der Nordostfront von Verdun wurde zurückgewiesen.
Nördlich von Toul wurden französische Truppen im Biwak durch Artilleriefeuer überrascht.
Im übrigen fanden heute auf dem französischen Kriegsschauplatz keine größeren Kämpfe statt. In Belgien und im Osten ist die Lage unverändert. 1)


Quote:
Die Kämpfe im Westen
London, 21. September. (W. B.)
Das Preßbureau meldet: Die Lage ist unverändert. Das Wetter ist schlecht. - Das Preßbureau dementiert offiziell die Nachricht von einer Landung russischer Truppen in Frankreich.

Paris, 21. September. (Priv.-Tel.)
Ein Bulletin vom 20. September, nachmittags 3 Uhr, sagt: Auf unserer Linken haben wir am rechten Ufer der Oise Fortschritte gemacht. Alle Versuche der Deutschen, mit Unterstützung ihrer schweren Artillerie unsere Linie zwischen Craonne und Reims zu durchbrechen, waren vergeblich. Die Höhe von Brimont nördlich von Reims wurde von den Deutschen wieder genommen. Die Deutschen beschossen "ohne Grund" erbittert die Kathedrale von Reims, die in Flammen aufging. In den Vogesen hat der Feind bei St. Dié die Offensive wieder ergriffen. Unsere Angriffe auf dieser Seite schreiten langsam fort wegen der Schwierigkeiten des Terrains, der Art des feindlichen Widerstandes und des schlechten Wetters. Wir besitzen noch keine sichere Bestätigung des Falles von Maubeuge.
Am 20. September, 11 Uhr nachts, wurde folgendes offiziell mitgeteilt: Auf unserer Linken haben die Truppen westlich von Soissons ein wenig nachgegeben, sind aber dann unmittelbar darauf wieder vorgegangen; auf dem rechten Ufer der Oise haben sie fortwährend Fortschritte gemacht.
Nördlich von Reims sind alle feindlichen Angriffe, obwohl sie mit großer Energie geführt wurden, zurückgewiesen worden. Im Zentrum und östlich von Reims haben uns unsere Angriffe neue Fortschritte machen lassen. In den Argonnen ist die Lage unverändert. Im Woëvre hat der Regen den Boden so aufgeweicht, daß die Bewegungen der Truppen sehr schwierig sind.


Quote:
Vom Seekrieg
Berlin, 21. September. (W. B.)
Nach einer Mitteilung aus Amsterdam hat die englische Admiralität am 20. September folgendes bekanntgegeben: Der deutsche Kreuzer "Emden" von der China-Station, der sechs Wochen lang ganz aus unserem Gesichtskreis verschwunden war, erschien am 10. September plötzlich im Golf von Bengalen und nahm sechs Schiffe, versenkte fünf und sandte das sechste mit der Bemannung nach Calcutta.
Der englische kleine Kreuzer "Pegasus", der von Sansibar kam, zerstörte Dar-es-Salam und versenkte daselbst das Kanonenboot "Möve". Der "Pegasus" wurde heute Morgen, als er in der Bucht von Sansibar lag und die Maschinen reinigte, von dem kleinen Kreuzer "Königsberg" angegriffen und vollständig unbrauchbar gemacht. 25 Mann sind tot, 30 wurden verwundet.
Hierzu wird von zuständiger Stelle folgendes mitgeteilt:
Bei der "Möve" handelt es sich keineswegs um ein kampffähiges Kanonenboot. Es war vielmehr ein Vermessungsfahrzeug ohne jeden Kampfwert. Bei Beginn des Krieges ist es als für die Kriegsführung wertlos abgerüstet worden. Der englische kleine Kreuzer "Pegasus" hatte eine Armierung von 8 Stück 10 Ctm.-Schnelladekanonen, während unser kleiner Kreuzer "Königsberg" eine solche von 10 Stück 10 Ctm.-Schnelladekanonen hat.
Die englische Admiralität macht weiter bekannt: Der englische Hilfskreuzer "Carmania" hat am 14. September einen bewaffneten deutschen Dampfer versenkt, vermutlich den "Cap Trafalgar" oder die "Berlin", nach zweistündigem Gefecht. Die "Carmania" hatte neun Tote.
Zu dieser Londoner Meldung wird von zuständiger Stelle bekanntgegeben. S. M. Hilfskreuzer "Cap Trafalgar" ist am 14. September in der Nähe der brasilianischen Küste, nach heftigem Kampfe mit dem englischen Hilfskreuzer "Carmania" untergegangen. Die Besatzung wurde durch den deutschen Dampfer "Eleonore Woermann" gerettet.
Schließlich macht die englische Admiralität folgendes bekannt: In der Nacht vom 14. zum 15. September versuchte ein deutscher Dampfer aus dem Kamerunfluß das englische Kanonenboot "Dwarf" durch eine Bombe zu versenken. Der Versuch mißglückte, der Dampfer wurde erbeutet. Am 16. September versuchte ein anderer deutscher Dampfer den "Dwarf" zu rammen. Der "Dwarf" wurde nur wenig beschädigt, der deutsche Dampfer vernichtet; ebenso wurden zwei Boote mit Explosionsmitteln vernichtet.

Stockholm, 21. September. (Priv.-Tel.)
Die australische Admiralität gibt den Untergang eines Unterseebootes zu, verschweigt aber die Ursache.

London, 21. September. (W. B.)
Das Schiff "Gelria" das von Buenos Aires nach Amsterdam unterwegs war, wurde bei Falmouth von britischen Kreuzern aufgebracht. Hundert an Bord befindliche deutsche Reservisten wurden als Kriegsgefangene festgenommen. 2)

http://www.stahlgewitter.com/
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Mark



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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2006 10:42    Onderwerp: Publicatie 'For the fallen' in The Times Reageer met quote

Op 21 september 1914 werd in The Times het gedicht For the fallen van Laurence Binyon gepubliceerd. Het gedicht is met name beroemd geworden om zijn vierde couplet, dat begint met de woorden They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old.
Dit vierde couplet, bekend als The Ode of The Ode of Remembrance, is te vinden op vele WO1-monumenten, en is bijvoorbeeld ook een vast onderdeel van de Australische herdenkingsceremonies op ANZAC Day (25 april) en Remembrance Day (11 november). Zie voor meer informatie de Commemorative Guide.

Quote:
For the fallen

With proud thanksgiving, a mother for her children,
England mourns her dead across the sea.
Flesh of her flesh they were, spirit of her spirit,
Fallen in the cause of the free.

Solemn the drums thrill; Death august and royal
Sings sorrow up unto immortal spheres.
There is music in the midst of desolation
And glory that shines upon our tears.

They went with songs to battle, they were young,
Straight of limb, true of eye, steady and aglow.
They were staunch to the end against odds uncounted;
They fell with their faces to the foe.

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old:
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.

They mingle not with their laughing comrades again;
They sit no more at familiar tables of home;
They have no lot in our labour of the day-time;
They sleep beyond England’s foam.

But where our desires are and our hopes profound,
Felt as a well-spring that is hidden from sight,
To the innermost heart of their own land they are known,
As the stars are known to the Night;

As the stars that shall be bright when we are dust,
Moving in marches upon the heavenly plain;
As the stars that are starry in the time of our darkness,
To the end, to the end, they remain.

Laurence Binyon


Portret van Laurence Binyon

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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 17:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Daily Events, September 1914

21 September: Col. Deville takes command of the 84th Brigade and is replaced by Commandant Monphous.

September 21: Race to the Sea - The French and Germans have been engaging in unsuccessful attempts to outflank the other, beginning in the Noyon region on September 18 and moving to the upper Somme. Each failed attempt to sidestep the enemy's forces extended the entrenched front line further to the north, towards the English Channel, and became known as the "Race to the Sea".

http://greatwarforum.proboards.com/index.cgi?board=majorbattles&action=print&thread=627
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Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 21 Sep 2010 17:21, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 17:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Helene Siegfried -- 21 september 1918

De Zwitserse Helene Siegfried (1886-1918) was aan het eind van de Eerste Wereldoorlog Rode Kruis-zuster in Duitsland, maar overleed al vrij snel aan de Spaanse griep. Fragmenten uit haar dagboek zijn destijds in het Nederlands vertaald.

21 September 1918 - Van morgen vroeg af zal ik in barak I werken, waarvoor ik van het begin af bestemd was. Het spijt mij van mijn eerste soldaten, die al zeer aan mij gehecht zijn, weg te gaan. Maar zoo is het nu eenmaal bij ons. Altijd wisselen. Ik voel weer zoo sterk hoe ik van dit beroep houd. Nu ik zoo goed uitgerust ben is het eenvoudig heerlijk weer te werken en is men eenmaal zelfstandig, dan is het iets heel anders als in het begin. Onder mekaar zijn we zeer vroolijk. We musiceeren en naast ons werk hebben wij ook plezier in het leven. 't Is niet te vergelijken met het ziekenhuisbedrijf. Men voelt zoo goed het onderscheid tusschen oorlogsverpleging en den ernstigen gewone dienst. Ik geniet er dubbel van bij het terugdenken aan vroeger, nu ook nog eens de mooie kant van het beroep mee te maken.

http://sotobed.blogspot.com/2016/09/helene-siegfried-21-september-1918.html
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 21 Sep 2018 10:07, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 17:22    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter from Karl Abraham to Sigmund Freud, September 21, 1914

Berlin , 21 September 1914

Dear Professor,

(...) Morale is improving here! The chances in the West are more favourable. There are rumours of an imminent action against England. And then Hindenburg1 has gone to Galicia, with, they say, about 100,000 men.

Cordial greetings, also from my wife, to you and yours! Looking forward to seeing you again soon,

Yours,

Karl Abraham

http://www.pep-web.org/document.php?id=zbk.052.0278a
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 18:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Maritieme kalender
Welke maritieme gebeurtenissen vonden plaats op welke dag of in welke maand?


21 september 1914

1. Het ss. 'Maria' van de Holland Gulf Line, varend in een Engels charter onder kapitein J. de Poorter, wordt op de Atlantische Oceaan door de lichte Duitse kruiser 'Karlsruhe' aangehouden en uiteindelijk met kanonvuur tot zinken gebracht. Bron: L.L. von Münching: 'De Ned. koopvaardij in de eerste oorlogsmaanden van 1914' in: 'DBW' jrg. 54 nr. 3 (1999)

2. Oprichting van 'Een commissie voor de Nederlandsche handel', onder voorzitterschap van de directeur van de Nederlandsche Handel-Maatschappij, C.J.K. van Aalst. Deze commissie wordt in het leven geroepen, mede door de steeds ernstiger wordende handelsbeperkingen in het neutrale Nederland, als gevolg van de in augustus uitgebroken Eerste Wereldoorlog. Na twee maanden zou deze commissie leiden tot de oprichting van de Nederlandsche Overzee Trust Maatschappij (NOT). Bron: L.L. von Münching: 'De Ned. koopvaardij in de eerste oorlogsmaanden van 1914' in: 'DBW' jrg. 54 nr. 3 (1999)

http://www.scheepvaartmuseum.nl/collectie/maritieme-kalender?j=&m=9&d=21
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 18:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

2Lt Henry ‘Ernie’ Eibel

On 21 September 1914, barely six weeks after the outbreak of the First World
War, Henry ‘Ernie’ Eibel enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force (AIF). Like so
many of the early volunteers, Ernie was a country lad. He had grown up on the
family property, ‘Yangan’, near Warwick in southern Queensland. Working on
the land offered little in the way of adventure for the young farmer and the
thought of joining so many of his countrymen on an overseas trip to fight the Hun
proved irresistible.
Time passed quickly for Ernie and the other new recruits, as they endured and
became accustomed to the regimentation and rigours of training and life in uniform.
Ernie enjoyed being a soldier and the camaraderie of the other young men
in his unit was a far cry from the lonely and often isolated life of the bush.

http://www.anzacday.org.au/justsoldiers/eibel.pdf
Komt hieruit: http://www.anzacday.org.au/justsoldiers/RHframe.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 18:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

White, Alexander Henry (1882 - 1915)

WHITE, ALEXANDER HENRY (1882-1915), army officer and maltster, was born on 9 May 1882 at Ballarat, Victoria, fifth child of Alexander White, a maltster from Scotland, and his English wife Eliza, née Collison. Educated by a private tutor and at Grenville College, Ballarat, Alexander followed his father and brother into the malting business, joining Wendouree Malt House. He became a citizen-soldier in 1899: his 'whole heart and soul was in his military work from the time he joined the old (Victorian) Mounted Rifles in Ballarat after leaving school'. Commissioned in March 1904, he gained steady promotion and by 1914 was brigade major in the 5th Light Horse Brigade. On 22 October 1913 he had married Myrtle Louise Glasson at St Peter's Anglican Church, Ballarat.

Transferring to the Australian Imperial Force on 21 September 1914, White was given command of the 8th Light Horse Regiment. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel on 1 January 1915, eight weeks before the regiment embarked for Egypt as part of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade. The unit landed at Gallipoli on 21 May to be employed as infantry. White was wounded in action on 27 June, but resumed command on 4 July.

At 4.30 a.m. on 7 August 1915 the 3rd Light Horse Brigade mounted a bayonet assault on the Turkish trenches at The Nek. Seven minutes earlier, due to an error, the preliminary bombardment had ceased, allowing the enemy to prepare for the attack. White led the first of his regiment's two waves, but was shot down a short distance from his trench. Of the 300 officers and soldiers under his command, 153 died with him and 80 were wounded within minutes. The charge has endured as one of the best-known episodes of the Gallipoli Peninsula campaign: it was the subject of a painting by George Lambert and the setting for the finale in the 1981 Australian film, Gallipoli.

Charles Bean criticized White for leading the charge instead of remaining to supervise the operation; had he stayed behind he might have lent support to Lieutenant-Colonel N. M. Brazier, the commanding officer of the accompanying 10th Light Horse Regiment, in his appeals to Lieutenant-Colonel John Antill, brigade major of the 3rd Light Horse Brigade, to halt the third and fourth waves of the assault. A sensitive man and a conscientious, brave and respected officer, White was mentioned in dispatches for his bold action. His wife survived him, as did their only son, Alexander John Middleton, who joined the Australian Army Medical Corps during World War II and was made a prisoner of war by the Japanese in 1942.

Select Bibliography
C. E. W. Bean, The Story of Anzac, vol 2 (Syd, 1924); C. E. W. Bean, The A.I.F. in France, 1918 (Syd, 1942); Argus (Melbourne), 8 Oct 1915; records (Australian War Memorial); private information.


http://adbonline.anu.edu.au/biogs/A120516b.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 18:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Adventurous roving natures Northern Territory volunteers of 1914.

Strangman returned to Adelaide and there enlisted on 21 September 1914. It was intended for him to accompany a hospital unit to France but, with an expert knowledge of tropical diseases and eight years' experience at the Darwin Hospital, he was instead attached as the Principal Medical Officer to the 1st Battalion, Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (ANMEF). Strangman joined the unit on Rabaul after fighting had ceased, and effectively dealt with malaria which was spreading amongst the troops. In recognition of his efforts, Strangman was appointed Principal Medical Officer for New Britain with the rank of Brevet Colonel. He took leave in 1917, and was on SS Matunga in August when it was captured by the German raider Wolf--he was held prisoner aboard a captured Spanish collier in the north Atlantic, not being released until March 1918. He returned to South Australia on 20 October 1918, and was discharged in February 1919.

http://goliath.ecnext.com/coms2/gi_0199-5708399/Adventurous-roving-natures-Northern-Territory.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 18:54    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

10085 Pte John Cottrill, 2nd Bn, Worcs Regt

10085 Private John Cottrill of the 2nd Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment, was killed in action on the 21st September 1914. He was born in Birmingham, was living in Birmingham and enlisted at Worcester in August or September 1906. He arrived overseas on the 26th August 1914.

John Cottrill was 26 years old, the son of John Cottrill of Trafalgar Place, Tillingham Street, Birmingham. He is buried in Vendresse British Cemetery on the Aisne in France.

http://ww1remembrance.blogspot.com/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 18:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

This Month In Australian Military History

20–21 September 1917 Private RR Inwood, VC
Private RR Inwood, 10th Battalion, originally from North Adelaide, South Australia, wins the Victoria Cross at Polygon Wood, near Ypres.

21 September 1914 German New Guinea surrenders
The former German New Guinea was placed under a military government until 1921, when Australia received a mandate from the League of Nations to govern the country.

21 September 1918 Australian Flying Corps at Wadi Fara
Australian and British airmen of the Australian Flying Corps and Royal Flying Corps massacre retreating Turkish troops in the Wadi Fara, Palestine.

http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/thismonth/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 18:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

CONTINGENT HAS SAILED - Troops Now on Way to England.

Valcartier, Que.
Sept. 21st, 1914

(Our last letter from Canadian soil)

To the Editor:

Dear Sir: - As the time for our departure draws near and the camp is in a state of disorder, we do not think it best to send in the rather breezy letter we had written for this number. We had a muster parade this afternoon in full marching order, as all equipment is now issued, so will bid farewell to our friends in dear old Dundas. Always hoping to see you whenever Dame Fortune sees fit, we are, sincerely yours,

THE GIMME CLUB
Bertram, Gwyn, Sullivan, Cowper, Knill, Turner, Gaines, Lavender, Graham, Pirie.

http://www.canadiangreatwarproject.com/transcripts/transcriptDisplay.asp?Type=L&transNo=1
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

21 September 1915 - Pte Samuel Davis, 1/5th East Lancashire Regt.

Living at 76 Olympia Street, Burnley, Lancs at the time of his enlistment in September 1914, Samuel joined his battalion as part of a replacement draft at Gallipoli at the end of July 1915. After seeing action at The Vineyard at the beginning of August, the remainder of the month was spent in reserve or support. Samuel was killed in action whilst in the frontline near the Western Birdcage on 21 September 1915. He was 29 years of age and, due to his body being later lost, he is now commemorated on the Helles Memorial, Gallipoli.

http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/great-war-people/remember-on-this-day/1464-21-september-1915-pte-samuel-davis.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Flers-Courcelette, 15-22 September 1916

(...) On 17 September General Rawlinson issued orders for a general resumption of the offensive on the next day. The planned attack was then postponed until 21 September, and then cancelled. When the fighting resumed on the Fourth Army’s front, it would be towards Morval, in the east. (...)

Rickard, J (21 September 2007), Battle of Flers-Courcelette, 15-22 September 1916 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_flers_courcelette.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Stonehenge

Op 21 september 1915 kocht Cecil Chubb Stonehenge. Voor 6600 pond. Want Stonehenge werd openbaar verkocht. Nu ondenkbaar, maar begin de twintigste eeuw gebeurden zo'n dingen nog. Chubb vond dat iemand uit de buurt eigenaar moest worden. Dat dreigde anders uit te draaien, dus kocht hij Stonehenge maar zelf. Vervolgens schonk hij zijn koopje aan de staat, maar er waren wel voorwaarden aan verbonden. De entreegelden moesten geschonken worden aan het Rode Kruis - de Eerste Wereldoorlog woedde volop. En de inwoners van Shrewton moesten gratis binnen mogen. Chubb woonde daar. En die van Netheravon ook - daar woonden zijn ooms en tantes langs vaderskant. En die van Durrington, want daar woonde de familie van moeder Chubb. En nu we toch bezig zijn, laat de mensen van Amesbury ook maar gratis binnen. Stonehenge ligt in Amesbury. Die regeling is nu nog altijd geldig.

http://radio2.be/detailpagina.cfm?id=450&programma=memo
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Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Frank Smith

On the 21st September 1915 the 8th battalion received a movement order along with the rest of the 24th and 21st Division.

The 8th Buff’s war diary is very detailed in where they route marched to the front: '21.9.15: Preparation for march. Left MANNINGHEM 6.30 p.m. via St MICHEL, BELLVUE, RIMEUX, DENNEBROEUCQ, NOUVEAUVILLE, about 14 miles, arrived about 2.30 a.m.'

'22.9.15: Rested, marched 6.15 p.m. via PONCHE, BASSE-BOULOGNE, AIRE, LA HAMEL, ISBERQUES, MOLINGHAM station to GUARBECQUE, arrived about 2.20. Heavy march about 18 miles. Men marched very well, several men…help but all managed to get to billets except one picked up by ambulance, good billets, very nice night to march moonlight and clear road. Buffs led Brigade.'

http://www.memorial-tours.org.uk/Frank%20Smith.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

T. E. Lawrence to his family

Military Intelligence Office
Cairo, 21 September 1915

I'm not going to write much now, as I have a trifle of malaria, and a lot of people are jabbering away a few yards off. The weather is now changing very fast. At Midday it is warm, like an ordinary summer day in England, and at night it gets cold. That I think is probably why the fever caught me. However, I haven't had any for a year now, so there is not very much harm in it. I hear from your letters (a bunch of about 3 weeks supply came yesterday) that you are all well again, and that Armie is going back to school. That will seem odd to him, but he will be comforted by the expectation of a new disease to interrupt him once more. It's hardly worth trying to go on, is it? I find I have a balance at Cox's, of some Ł60 or Ł70 so far as I can reckon it out. Would it be any use to you? I cannot well draw on it here, as you lose a lot in exchange, so I have a local account on which I live: therefore the other one isn't really any use to me.

Mr. Hogarth is in Athens just now. He worked in the office here for 6 weeks or so. I expect he'll be back some time or other. The Gallipoli business is dragging, and will go on dragging, till somebody who knows his mind interferes It's been very badly done so far.

No news of Syria: I'm afraid a lot of men from our neighbourhood have gone to Gallipoli lately.

N.

http://www.telawrence.net/telawrencenet/letters/1915/150921_family.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

EDITH CAVELL - Fragile Martyr

On the 90th anniversary of Edith Cavell's execution, a recently completed cataloguing project of Prisoner of War files at The National Archives in Kew has revealed the ineffectual efforts of government officials to prevent the death of the British World War One hero.

The documents reveal the frustration, anger and eventual horror of the Government's failure to save Ms Cavell, despite being notified of the nurse's arrest and subsequent trial - on charges of aiding more than 200 allied troops to escape occupied Belgium - almost two months before her execution on October 12 in Brussels.


21 September, 1915 (3 weeks before execution)
"Ms Cavell has informed the Legation that she has indeed admitted having hidden in her house English and French soldiers. The legation will of course keep this case in view and endeavour to see that a fair trial is given Miss Cavell." - Inter-governmental correspondence from American Minister to Brussels, Brand Whitlock, confirming Edith Cavell's arrest. (Received on September 28).

http://www.worldwar1.com/heritage/e_cavell.htm
Zie ook http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documents/12oct2005.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Model 1915/16 Bluse

A.K.O 21 September 1915 announced the release of completely new pattern of tunic called the M1915. Bayern (Bavaria) did not adopt the Bluse until 31 March 1916, so a Bayern Bluse in known as a M1916 Bluse. The Bluse was to be used by all units, including cavalry. The tunic was made with a looser cut than earlier uniforms, which allowed heavier undergarments to be worn. This cut also resulted in a greater degree of mobility and comfort for the wearer. The Bluse was completely void of piping and utilized the simplified rear skirt design and barrel cuffs of the Vereinfachte tunics. (...)

http://www.kaisersbunker.com/gtp/m15bluse.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

On the 21st September 1915, in Charters Towers, Queensland:

'At the Town Hall today, at the request of the mayor, Councillor J. Millican and Mr Pritchard performed the ceremony of unveiling the photos of Captain S.W. Harry and Major Quinn, who were killed at the Dardanelles. Captain Harry was town clerk, while Major Quinn was a native of Charters Towers. A touching speech was made by the mayor regarding the good qualities of both officers. Captain Harry's sword was hung under his portrait.' (Brisbane Courier 22 Sept 1915 p7).

Major Quinn, Captain Walsh and Captain Harry, all killed at Gallipoli, were boyhood friends in Charters Towers.

http://www.anzacs.org/pages/AOquinn.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

History of XXIV Squadron:

Formed at Hounslow on 21 September 1915, No. 24 Squadron has probably flown more aircraft types than any other RAF squadron. After a five-month work-up, the Squadron moved to France equipped with DH2s. These aircraft were soon outclassed and re-equipment with DH5s followed in May 1917. The Squadron remained in and around the Western Front for the remainder of the War until January 1920 when the unit returned to the UK as a cadre, disbanding on 1 February 1920.

http://www.raf.mod.uk/organisation/24squadron.cfm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

This Day in African History: 21 September

1916, 21 September - World War I: East Africa
Portuguese forces cross the border into German East Africa.

http://africanhistory.about.com/od/september/a/td0921.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Conscription in Australia

The conscription issue deeply divided Australia with large meetings held both for and against. The Women's vote was seen as important with large women's meetings and campaign information from both sides aimed at women voters. The campaigning for the first plebiscite was launched by Hughes at a huge overflow meeting at the Sydney Town Hall where he outlined the Government's proposals. This was followed by a huge pro-conscription meeting at the Melbourne Town Hall on September 21.

Anti-conscriptionists, especially in Melbourne, were also able to mobilise large crowds with a meeting filling the Exhibition Building on September 20; 30,000 people on the Yarra bank on Sunday October 15, and 25,000 the following week; a "parade of women promoted by the United Women's No-Conscription Committee - an immense crowd of about 60,000 people gathered at Swanston St between Guild Hall and Princes Bridge, and for upwards of an hour the street was a surging area of humanity". An anti-conscription stop work meeting called by five trade unions held on the Yarra Bank mid-week on October 4 attracted 15,000 people.

The first referendum bill was passed on 21 September 1916, and mandatory registration and enrollment commenced while the first plebiscite campaign was underway. By October 5 The Age reported that of 11607 men examined, 4581 were found fit, approximately 40 per cent.

The Age noted, in an article Influence of the IWW, that "the great bulk of the opposition to conscription is centred in Victoria.". Many meetings in inner Melbourne and Sydney were disrupted by anti-conscriptionists with speakers being howled down from the audience in what The Age described as "disgraceful exhibition" and "disorderly scenes".

http://wapedia.mobi/en/Conscription_in_Australia
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Brothers died in 1916

21 September 1916 - Alfred, 25, and Frederick Lush, 28, C Company 60th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force. Alfred was killed on 21 September, and Frederick was wounded, dying three days later. Sons of Fred and Emma Lush, of Claypits, East Oakley, Basingstoke, Hampshire. Alfred has no known grave and is commemorated on the Vimy Memorial. Frederick is buried in Contay British Cemetery.

Also 21 September 1916 - Frederick and Henry Walsgrove died whilst serving with 13th (Service) Battalion, the Royal Sussex Regiment. Natives of Hastings, the brothers lie in adjacent graves in Euston Road Cemetery at Colincamps, Somme.

http://www.1914-1918.net/brothers1916.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Tank

Charles Repington, diary entry (21st September 1916)

Lunched with Lady Cunard, Winston Churchill, Lord and Lady Frederick Blackwood, and Lieutenant Hermann of the French War Office. We had a great discussion about the famous Tanks, which made their first appearance in the field in last Friday's battle. Winston said that though he had in his mind H. G. Wells's predictions about them, they really developed from the armoured motor car, which trench warfare had rendered useless. They were taken up by the Admiralty. He found that he had some money to spare, and he applied it to this purpose. To that extent the initiative and responsibility rested with him. Winston had wanted them to wait until there were something like a thousand Tanks, and then to win a great battle with them as a surprise, but, as Northcliffe said the other day, nothing keeps whether in journalism or in war.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWtankdevelop.htm
Over Repington: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWrepington.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

George CROFT

(...) Posted wounded and missing, 20 July 1916.

Court of Enquiry, held in the field, 23 July 1917, pronounced fate as 'Killed in Action, 20 July 1916'.

Red Cross File No 840308 has statement from 2137 Pte W.A. POOLEY, 30th Bn, 28 August 1916: 'I was told in Convalescent Camp by [2117] Pte [w.A.L.] McDermot (sic) of A. Company that he had seen Croft blown up by a shell in the attack, at Fleurbaix on 19th July. McDermot said that Croft was killed outright and that he was quite close to him at the time and that another man called Tickner was killed at the same time as Croft.'

Second statement, 629 Pte P. COTTERILL, C Company, 30th Bn, 21 September 1916: 'I was speaking to Pte. W. Collins C. Co. 30th Batt. about a fortnight ago. He told me he lay beside Croft at Fleurbaix on the night of July 19th. and sniped over his dead body. The German M. Guns played on to the body. Collins escaped.'

Third statement from 'A Private on "Jan Breydell" H.S. Boulogne, 22 September 1916: 'This man ... was killed on the 19th July at Fromelles during the attack. It happened while he was ammunition carrying. I was behind him, and went off the second time, and saw him dead on the top of the German parapet in the first line of the German trenches. We had to retire back to our own line again and [so?] his body was left behind.'

Fourth statement from 2121 Pte F.G. McMULLAN, 30th Bn (patient, Hospital, Mnchester), 7 October 1916: 'Informant states that on 19th July at Fleurbaix Coft was carrying ammunition in "No Man's Land" and was blown up by a shell and killed along with Pte F. Tickner.'(...)

http://www.aif.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=67377
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Hornby, A.W., Pen drawing, 21 September 1917

http://digitalcollections.mcmaster.ca/hornby-aw-pen-drawing-21-september-1917
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1917)

21 september 1917
“Ge kunt niet geloven hoe kontent ik was om na drie jaren uw foto te zien. Zo te zien hebt ge niets tekort want ge zijt nog dik en vet en dat zal ook niet van de dauw zijn. Ik heb mij over veertien dagen laten fotograferen toen ik twee weken in Engeland met verlof was. Ge kunt niet geloven hoe kontent men is als men voor enige dagen in het burgerleven is, als ge voor enige dagen van die smerige troep af bent, want ik ben er ook niet graag meer. Het duurt te lang. Janoom stelt het nog goed in Engeland. Ge kunt daar niet zien dat het oorlog is, ook al is alles er duur. Tante is ziek geweest en ze hebben toen hun jongste zoontje van 14 maanden moeten afgeven. Dit is zijn adres: Jan Broes, 13 Vicar Road, Clubmoor, Liverpool England. De mannen van Zondereigen maken het hier nog goed. Er gaat er nog ene trouwen van Merksplas, een zoon van Corneel Van Laer, want dat wordt er tegenwoordig nogal veel gedaan.” (Jan Verstraelen uit Zondereigen B227 1/4 AB en campagne aan Cornelis Huybrechts, geďnterneerde soldaat uit Zondereigen)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=190&Itemid=47
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Frederick Birks

Frederick Birks VC, MM (31 August 1894 – 21 September 1917) was a Welsh-born Australian First World War veteran and recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest decoration for gallantry "in the face of the enemy" that can be awarded to members of the British and Commonwealth forces. Born in Buckley, Flintshire, Birks served in the Royal Artillery for three years before emigrating to Australia in 1913. After serving as a non-commissioned officer during the landing at Gallipoli and the Battle of the Somme, Birks was commissioned as a second lieutenant on 4 May 1917. On 20 September, while advancing in Glencourse Wood,Ypres, Birks, alongside a corporal, forced a garrison to surrender and captured sixteen men in another attack. His actions were later recognised with the Victoria Cross. The following day, Birks was killed by a shell while attempting to save some of his men. (...)

Victoria Cross
Birks' battalion were ordered to attack and capture the German line parallel to them, and the men moved towards their positions from Zillebeke on the night of 18 September, coming under some fire from gas shells. 19 September was incident-free, with the battalion preparing to attack the next day, in what would become known as the Battle of Menin Road. Early in the morning of the 20th, a "light drizzle" fell over the battlefield and at 4am the Germans sent barrages in front of and behind the battalions position. At 5:40am, the battalion advanced.

The first resistance was met by Birks and a corporal, taking two machine gun positions as another group of officers rushed a strong post. They were attacked with bombs, and the corporal was seriously wounded. Birks continued on alone. Reaching the rear of the pillbox, he forced the occupants to surrender. Birks then led an attack a series of dugouts andpillboxes on the edge of Glencourse Wood, and fought against machine gun and bombs. He also assisted in the reorganisation and consolidation of Australian men who had drifted away from their unit.

The next day, 21 September, enemy shelling in response to the movement of Allied artillery had buried some men in Birks' platoon. Birks was attempted to dig out these men, "standing exposed", but another shell aimed at the C Coy post killed Birks, and four others, before he could save them.

For his actions at Ypres, Birks was subsequently awarded the Victoria Cross, the announcement of which was gazetted on 8 November 1917. His citation read:

War Office, 8th November, 1917
His Majesty The KING has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of the Victoria Cross to the undermentioned Offices, Non-commissioned Officers and Man: —

2nd Lt. Frederick Birks, Late Aust. Imp. Force.

For most conspicuous bravery in attack when accompanied by only a corporal, he rushed a strong point which was holding up the advance. The corporal was wounded by a bomb, but 2nd Lt. Birks went on by himself killed the remainder of the enemy occupying the position, and captured a machine gun.

Shortly afterwards he organised a small party and attacked another strong point which was occupied by about twenty-five of the enemy, of whom many were killed and an officer and fifteen men captured.

During the consolidation this officer did magnificent work in reorganising parties of other units which had been disorganised during the operations.

By his wonderful coolness and personal bravery 2nd Lt. Birks kept his men in splendid spirits throughout. He was killed at his post by a shell whilst endeavouring to extricate some of his men who had been buried by a shell.


Birks was buried in the Zillebeke War Cemetery in Belgium. A memorial was constructed at his old school in Wales in 1921, and a portrait of him is on display at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra, alongside his Victoria Cross. For his efforts in the campaign, he was also awarded the 1914-15 Star medal and the Victory Medal.

http://buckleyatwar.webs.com/fbirksvcmm.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Some fine souvenirs – Hooge Crater Cemetery

(...) All told, on 20 September 1917 the AIF suffered in excess of 5,000 battle casualties, about one quarter of the total British loss for the battle. As always in these great artillery battles of the Western Front many deaths were caused by shelling. Charles Bean draws attention to the 3rd Battalion (New South Wales) who, as reserves, were not even in action but were in support positions close up towards the front behind Chateau Wood where they suffered from German shelling during the whole period of the Menin Road battle. Lance Corporal Stewart Hackett, 3rd Battalion, killed in action on 21 September 1917, lies in Plot IV, Row E, Grave 12 at Hooge, and he may be one of those killed by the German bombardments.

Australian official photographers, Captain Frank Hurley and Lieutenant Hubert Wilkins, were out on the Menin Road battlefield on the day of this great Australian success. They took a series of memorable photographs which convey a sense of what war had done to the area around Hooge and the awful conditions of a Western Front battlefield. Hurley wrote:

I pushed on up the duckboard track to Sterling Castle, a mound of powered brick and from where there is to be had a magnificent panorama of the battlefield. The way was gruesome and awful beyond words. The ground had been recently heavily shelled by the Boche [Germans] and the dead and wounded lay everywhere. About here the ground had the appearance of having been ploughed by a great canal excavator and then reploughed and turned over again and again. Last night’s shower too made it a quagmire and through this the wounded had to drag themselves, and those mortally wounded pass out their young lives.
- Frank Hurley, diary 20 September 1917,

http://www.ww1westernfront.gov.au/menin-road/hooge-crater-cemetery.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Harry Lyell

Harry Lyell was one of the many casualties of the great war. He joined the AIF 16th October 1916 aged 19 years and 2 months. On 6th December 1916 he embarked on the Orsova at Melbourne bound for England with the 40th Battallion. On 7th March 1917 he commenced training at Sutton Mandeville followed by Camp Durrington. Harry and 40th Battallion departed Southhampton for France on 23rd July 1917 and marched into Havre on the 2nd August 1917. From Havre they were dispatched to the field on 17th August 1917. From 21st August Harry was hospitalised with defective vision and scabies and rejoined his unit on 21st September 1917. On 4th October 1917 Pte. 2821 Harry Lyell Henry was killed in action aged 20. In a letter from Anglesea Barracks, Hobart in May 1918 it was stated that Harry Lyell was killed in action at Broodseinde, in the neighbourhood of Passchendaele, and in view of the heavy shell fire to which this sector was subjected it is presumed the original surface markings of his grave were obliterated. Failing the ultimate recovery and identification of the late soldiers remains, his name will be added to the list of AIF missing personnel to be commemorated on the memorial now in course of erection at Menin Gate, Ypres.

http://www.ormistonhouse.com.au/history2.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Battle of Wadi Fara - Palestine, 21 September 1918

Wady Fara, an action fought on 21 September 1918 north-east of Nablus, Palestine, following Allied successes in the battles of Sharon and Nablus (q.v.), chiefly remembered for providing an early and graphic demonstration of the destructive effects of air power against ground troops. After Allied mounted troops had burst through the Turkish defensive line north of Jaffa on 19 September and pushed rapidly north towards Haifa as well as east towards Lake Tiberias, the Turkish Seventh Army in positions around Nablus faced being surrounded unless it withdrew east across the River Jordan. The main escape route was along an old Roman road which followed the precipitous valleys of the Wady Beidan and Wady Fara, much of it bounded by steep barren hills and sheer drops.

Shortly before 6 a.m. on the 21st, a reconnaissance patrol of two Bristol Fighter aircraft from No. 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, sighted huge enemy columns streaming away from Nablus along this route. They immediately swooped down to attack, scoring five direct bomb hits on transport vehicles and expending 600 rounds of machine-gun fire into the mass of troops, horses and wagons. A Turkish retreat in this direction was fully anticipated, so that one of the Bristol machines had been specially fitted with a radio and given instructions to signal the map reference of any suitable target found. The remainder of No. 1 Squadron at Ramleh, twenty kilometres south-east of Jaffa, and the 40th (Army) Wing of the Royal Air Force-commanded by Lieut.-Colonel Richard Williams of the AFC and comprising another three squadrons of DH9 bombers and SE5a fighters - were standing by with bombs fitted (a total of 70-80 aircraft). No sooner had the scouts' report been received than arrangements were begun to send off flights of three or four machines at intervals which ensured that one group was always arriving over the target as the previous lot departed. Williams' orders were for the aircraft to bomb singly, beginning at the head of the column and moving back along it.

The attack, having begun at 6.30-7 a.m., continued until midday. The Australian No. 1 Squadron alone dropped three tonnes of bombs and expended nearly 24,000 machine-gun bullets. In addition to the aircraft under Williams' command, machines from the RAF's 5th (Corps) Wing also took part-making a total of seven squadrons which were involved in the action.

The result was as chilling as it was decisive, amounting to the complete disintegration of the bulk of the Turkish Seventh Army. The nature of the terrain allowed little movement off the road except on foot or, in places, on horseback, so that the mass of wheeled transport simply had nowhere to go. In the words of Cutlack, the official historian:

The panic and the slaughter beggared all description. The long, winding, hopeless column of traffic was so broken and wrecked ... that the bombing machines gave up all attempt to estimate the losses under the attack, and were sickened of the slaughter. In all the history of war there can be few more striking records of wholesale destruction.

When the scene was reached by British ground forces the next day the enemy materiel collected was found to total 87 artillery pieces and nearly 1,000 vehicles of all descriptions. Casualties among the estimated 7,000 Turkish troops in the column were not established, but were undoubtedly heavy. The British loss was two aircraft, one of these being a DH9 aircraft of No. 144 Squadron, RAF, which was not believed to have been a casualty of enemy fire.

Extracted from the book produced by Chris Coulthard-Clark, Where Australians Fought - The Encyclopaedia of Australia's Battles, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1998, pp. 160-161.

http://desert-column.phpbb3now.com/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=268
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Australians' final campaign in 1918

After the third battle of Ypres in September 1917 the Australians were put in to hold the Messines Wytschaete sector and to prepare defences against the expected German spring offensive. The German offensive was launched opposite Amiens and the Australians were sent to meet it. The heaviest fighting was around Villers Bretonneux which was retaken by the Australians. In May General Monash took command of the Australian Corps from General Birdwood. On 4th July the Battle of Hamel was fought by Australians and Americans under Australian command. On 8 August the Allied offensive took place with tanks and cavalry used on a large scale. General Monash knighted by King George V at Corps HQ Bertangles. The capture of Mont St Quentin by the 2nd Division; Peronne captured at the same time. At Chuignes the 3rd Battalion captured their largest trophy ever, a 15 inch naval gun weighing over 500 tons. Prime Minister Hughes visited the front and met the AIF at Peronne. The AIF broke through the Hindenburg Line after the Americans were checked at Gillemont Farm. On 21 September 1918 the 53rd Battalion held a memorial parade at Quinconce.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yqu1gUanGyk
Of http://www.ww1westernfront.gov.au/heath-cemetery/video.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Forgotten Battlefields – Canadians in Siberia 1918-1919

(...) Although the Japanese were nominally in charge of the Allies in Siberia, on 9 September, the anti- Bolshevik Russians met in Ufa, Siberia, to set up their own government. The disparate groups had only their anti-Bolshevik views in common, and it took until 21 September for the conference to nominate five leading Russians as the Provisional Government.43 This group acted as the Russian government, but without the backing of many of the Russians in the area. All these events occurred while Canada was creating its expeditionary force. (...)

http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/vo8/no3/moffat-eng.asp
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Air Defense in Istanbul

(...) Allied forces launched two raids on 20 and 21 September 1918, with aircrafts taking off from the base on the island of Imbros, in order to break the spirit of the people of Istanbul. During the first wave, the aircrafts did not drop bombs, but the second wave was heavier. One of the aircrafts was shot down by Turkish artillery over Çanakkale, but the rest of the squadron made it to Istanbul. Another aircraft was hit there and had to land on the sea near Kartal, with two British airmen taken prisoner. (...)

http://www.turkeyswar.com/aviation/airdefence.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Thailand and the First World War

When United States President Woodrow Wilson declared war on Germany in April 1917, it was clear the American entry would eventually turn the tide against the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria).

Watching and waiting on the sidelines, King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) considered his options. Although Thailand had remained neutral since the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914 and his nation enjoyed friendly relations with Germany, the King recognised the political value of throwing in his lot with the Allied Powers.

The monarch was convinced that participation would be an "…an excellent opportunity for us to gain equality with other nations." Thailand had suffered from the imperial designs of both the British and French, particularly the latter, losing control of Laos and Cambodia and ceding four southern provinces in the years between 1889 and 1909.

Additionally, Thailand was forced to accept the imposition of extraterritorial rights for the citizens of nations such as France, Britain and the United States and King Rama VI was hopeful that Thai participation in the war would allow a revision of these unequal treaties.

Therefore, on 22 July 1917, despite the misgivings of some members of the Royal government, King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) declared war on Germany and Austria-Hungary. The Thais immediately interned and later seized as war reparations no less than 12 ocean-going ships of the North German Line (NGL).

Thailand sent a small expeditionary force consisting of 1,284 volunteers under the command of Major General Phya Pijaijarnrit (later promoted to Lieutenant General and known as Phya Devahastin) to serve with the British and French forces on the Western Front. Included was a contingent of the Army Air Corps.

The Thais arrived in 1918 and the air personnel began training at the French Army Flying Schools at Avord and Istres. Over 95 men qualified as pilots and some were sent to Bomber School at Le Crotoy, Reconnaissance School at Chapelle-la-Reine, Gunnery School at Biscarosse, and to Fighter Conversion Courses at Piox. According to some sources, Thai pilots made their first sorties in the final weeks of the war, although others claim the Thais finished their training too late to take part.

There was also a medical unit which included nurses and it is claimed these were the only women to serve in the trenches of the Western Front.

The Thai contingent marched in a victory parade in Paris on 19 July 1919 and arrived back in Thailand on 21 September 1919. A war memorial was erected in honour of the troops and stands in Sanam Luang park in Bangkok. Inscribed are the names of the 19 soldiers killed in action on the Western Front.

Thailand also participated in the Versailles Peace Conference (with Articles 135, 136 and 137 devoted to her in the final Treaty of Versailles). In January 1920 Thailand became a founding member of the League of Nations.

On 1 September 1920, King Vajiravudh's decision to go to war was vindicated when the United States ceded her extraterritorial rights. France, after five years of extensive negotiations relinquished her rights in February 1925 while Britain signed a treaty to the same effect in July the same year.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/thailand.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 19:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Lion mauls teenager posing for photo - From the archives of the Los Angeles Times

Lion mauls teenager posing for photo

Sept. 21, 1919: Lillian Harmon, 17, wanted to pose for a picture with Leo, a usually tame African lion who had appeared in many films. But when she stepped into his enclosure at E&R Jungles near Eastlake Park, Leo attacked.

"Miss Harmon … had her hand on the animal's head. It is one of the performances for which Leo was trained," The Times reported, citing H.J. Harmon, Lillian's brother.

"For just one second, the lion stood motionless and then without the least warning struck the girl with his paw, knocking her to the ground," the newspaper said. "In the next instant he was clawing her."

Several men rushed to her aid and hit the lion with an iron bar. But "before a bar could be found, Leo had the girl in his jaw," The Times said.

"At the Receiving Hospital, it was found that the girl was badly torn on the back, arms and thighs where the claws and the teeth of the animal found their marks."

http://bigcatnews.blogspot.com/2006/09/on-this-day-in-1919-lion-mauls.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 20:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meierijsche Courant, Dinsdag 21 September 1920

Valkenswaard.
- Bij de Zaterdag jl. gehouden inschrijving der aanbesteding van de electrische installatie in 62 arbeiderswoningen door de R. K. Bouwvereeniging alhier was de laagste inschrijver het Electrisch Technisch Bureau "Holland" te Eindhoven voor de somma van f 3200 aan wien het werk is opgedragen.
- Rectificatie. In het verslag van de R. K. Werkliedenvereeniging van j.l. Donderdag staat vermeld, dat de heer de Natris gezegd zou hebben, dat de vrouwen en ook de toekomstige vrouwen zich kunnen verbeteren voor hunne huishoudelijke taak door bemiddeling van den Vrouwenbond. Dit moet zijn door bemiddeling der R. K. Standsorganisatie.
- Zaterdag werden door de leden der burgerwacht wederom eene prijsverschieting gehouden, welke prijzen door den heer H. Hoekx weder beschikbaar waren gesteld. De prijzen werden behaald als volgt: 1. Jac. Jansen, 2 H. Driessen, 3 F. Fasol, 4 A. Prins. Nog 100 sigaren werden verschoten onder alle deelnemers. Alles had een prachtig verloop. Zaterdag a.s. zullen weder flinke hoofdprijzen verschoten worden.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/19202.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2010 20:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Black & Tans and Auxiliaries in Ireland, 1920-1921: Their Origins, Roles and Legacy
By JOHN AINSWORTH

(...) Most of all, however, the Black and Tans became infamous for their method of retaliation
or reprisal for attacks made upon them and their RIC colleagues by IRA units. One of the
more notorious of the Black and Tans’ reprisals occurred on 20/21 September 1920 at
Balbriggan, a small town about 20 miles north of Dublin, following the assassination of
the local head constable of the RIC, named Burke, and the wounding of his brother.
When word of this attack reached the Black and Tans at their Gormanstown depot just a
few miles down the road, they immediately set off in force to vent their rage on the
supposedly culpable inhabitants of Balbriggan. Upon arrival, they proceeded to sack the
town, shot dead two IRA suspects, left four public and nineteen private houses destroyed,
along with an English-owned hosiery factory, and caused damage to a further thirty
homes. A similar reprisal took place the following day, after the death of five Black and
Tans shot with flat-nosed bullets in an IRA ambush at Rineen in west Clare. Incensed by
the sight of the horrific wounds inflicted on their comrades, regular RIC officers and
Black and Tans ran amuck, killing a man in a hay-cart and burning down eight houses at
nearby Milltown Malbay, then moving on to Ennistymon where they shot and killed another
man and a twelve-year-old boy, as well as burning four houses and a drapery shop.
They finished up by setting fire to the town hall and seven houses at Lahinch, with a man
suspected of involvement in the IRA ambush party being burned alive inside one of these
houses. (...)

http://eprints.qut.edu.au/9/1/Ainsworth_Black_conf.PDF
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2018 10:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Statesman, 21 September 1918

THE VICTORY IN THE BALKANS - The Serbians have completely broken the Bulgarian front. Serbian cavalry has reached Polshno, twenty miles north of the original front. Other Serbian cavalry is advancing upon the important junction of Prilep. The front is now 25 miles wide. This is regarded as a most important success, and it seems likely that the Allies will clear the whole of this area.

https://www.thestatesman.com/100-years-ago/100-years-ago-21-september-1918-1502687233.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2018 10:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

OTTOMANEN DEFINITIEF VERSLAGEN BIJ DE SLAG BIJ MEGIDDO

Op 21 september 1918 weten de Britten de legers van het Ottomaanse Rijk tijdens de Slag bij Megiddo te verslaan. Ondanks de Duitse steun aan de kant van de Ottomanen, worden zij vakkundig misleidt door de Britten en is een nederlaag niet meer af te wenden. Hierdoor weten de Britten de Ottomanen definitief uit Palestina te verdrijven.

Les verder op https://isgeschiedenis.nl/nieuws/ottomanen-definitief-verslagen-bij-de-slag-bij-megiddo
Auch hier: http://www.14-18.bruxelles.be/index.php/nl/nieuws-van-het-front/oorlogsverrichtingen/galerij-krijgsverrichtingen/2938-de-slag-om-megiddo-van-19-tot-21-september-1918
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2018 10:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

21 September 1919 - Unterjäger Josef Rudolf Rein died on this day

Unterjäger Josef Rudolf Rein, Standschützenbaon Dornbirn. Born at Dornbirn, Austria on 18 October 1886, Joseph was a factory worker living at Lustenauerstrasse 13 in the town at the time of the outbreak of war. After being called into service in 1915, he spent much of his war on the Austro-Italian border. Joseph was taken prisoner during the allied advances of 1918. He died of disease whilst still in (open) captivity at Valona, Italy on 21 September 1919. Josef's burial location is unrecorded.

http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/on-this-day/21-september-1919-unterjaeger-josef-rudolf-rein-died-on-this-day/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2018 10:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

21 September 1917 - Bombardment of Roeselare

On 21 September 1917, over 10 civilians were killed in a aerial bombardment on the city of Roeselare. On the same day, the church of Izegem was severely damaged during an airstrike. The photo shows the grand place of Roeselare in 1917.

Fotootje... http://veertienachttien.be/en/timeline/21-september-1917-bombardment-of-roeselare
Hier in het NL: http://veertienachttien.be/fr/node/4573
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BerichtGeplaatst: 21 Sep 2018 10:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Treinongeval Torhout RIR 102 - 21 september 1917

Gewoon... hier... http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?p=437096&sid=2a6909138e2068ffff04df286540b1bb
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