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18 April

 
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Hauptmann



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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2006 7:02    Onderwerp: 18 April Reageer met quote

April 18

1915 Germans shoot down French pilot Roland Garros

On this day in 1915, a member of the German Bahnschutzwache, or Railway Protection Guard, shoots down the well-known French airman Roland Garros in his flight over German positions in Flanders, France, on a bombing raid.

Garros, born in 1882, gained renown early in his career as an experienced practitioner of aerial acrobatics, the first French pilot to fly across the Mediterranean Sea and a two-time winner of both the Paris-Madrid and Paris-Rome flying races. In 1914, while working as a test pilot for Morane-Saulnier, an aircraft manufacturer, Garros set the then-world record for the highest flight: 4,250 meters. When war broke out in Europe that same year, he was sent to serve with the French air service, L’Aviation Militaire, on the Western Front.

At the end of 1914, Garros took leave from his regiment and returned to the Morane-Saulnier factory to work with Raymond Saulnier to test a recently developed device that enabled a pilot to fire bullets from a machine-gun through the blades of the propeller of his plane. The device, employed successfully by Garros in the early spring of 1915, allowed him to approach his enemies head-on in the air, giving him a vast advantage. Garros shot down his first German victim, an Albatross reconnaissance aircraft, on April 1, 1915; in the next two weeks, he downed four more.

Garros’ run ended on April 18, however, when he was flying his single-seater plane, a Morane-Saulnier Type L, low in the skies above the German positions in Flanders. A member of the German Bahnschutzwache described the events of that day: “At that moment we saw a southbound train approaching on the railway line Ingelmunster-Kortrijk. Suddenly the plane went into a steep dive…He flew over the train in a loop and as he rose up into the sky again with his wings almost vertical, he threw a bomb at the train. Fortunately it missed the target and there was no damage….As the plane had swooped down over the train the Bahnschutzwache troops had fired on it following my order to open fire. We shot at him from a distance of only 100 metres as he flew past. After he had thrown his bomb at the train he tried to escape, switching his engine on again and climbing to about 700 metres through the shots fired by our troops. But suddenly the plane began to sway about in the sky, the engine fell silent, and the pilot began to glide the plane down in the direction of Hulste.”

A German bullet had apparently hit the gas pipe on Garros’ plane, forcing him to land. Although the daring airman attempted to set the plane on fire and escape on foot once he hit the ground, both he and the plane were captured by the Germans. Garros later managed to escape from captivity and rejoin L’Aviation Militaire. Killed in battle at Vouziers on October 5, 1918, he is remembered as one of France’s most celebrated war heroes; the famous tennis stadium in Paris bears his name.

The propeller of Garros’ Morane-Saulnier plane and its innovative machine-gun firing device were sent immediately after his capture in April 1915 to the Fokker aircraft factory in Germany. A few weeks later, the first Fokker EI—a single-seater airplane fitted with machine guns, deflectors and interrupter gear that could synchronize the rate of fire of the gun with the speed of the propeller—was sent to German forces on the Western Front. From mid-1915 until mid-1916, the Fokker E-types of the German Air Force were the menace of the skies, shooting down a total of over 1,000 Allied aircraft.

http://www.historychannel.com/
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Hauptmann



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Events
None for 18 April

Births
1 1877 Heinrich Wessels
2 1893 John Doyle
3 1894 Hans Rolfes
4 1895 Spencer Horn
5 1896 Ira Jones

Deaths
None for 18 April

Claims
1 1918 Raymond Brownell #12

Losses
None for 18 April

http://www.theaerodrome.com/today/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 9:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

18 April 1915 - The Germans shoot down a famous French airman and capture a French invention

On 18 April British pilots making air reconnaissance over the rear German areas reported a lot of activity and extra rolling stock on the railway at Wervicq. It appeared to be German troop reinforcements arriving in the area. In fact, it was quite the opposite; on the orders of General von Falkenhayn German troops were starting to leave the 4th Army's Ypres battlefront for the operation at Galicia on the Eastern Front.

On the same day the famous French pilot Lieutenant Roland Garros (1882-1918) was flying his single-seater plane, a Morane Saulnier Type L, on a bombing raid to Kortrijk railway station. Before the outbreak of war Roland Garros had been a test-pilot for the Morane-Saulnier company. He was an experienced aerobatics pilot. Before the war he had won the Paris-Madrid and Paris-Rome flying races twice. In 1911 he had won the west-European round-flight. In the same year he achieved the world record for the highest flight; 4,250 metres.

During his mission on 18 April, he flew low over a train near Ingelmunster in Flanders. He was fired on by a German Bahnschutzwache (Railway Protection Guard). A rifle bullet apparently hit his petrol pipe and he was forced to land. Although he tried to set the plane on fire and escape on foot, both he and his plane were captured by the Germans.

A German Account of the Incident
A report of the incident on 18 April was written by the leader of the Bahnschutzwache unit, Feldwebelleutnant Schlendstedt, and published in the Bulletin of the German 4th Army:

"At about 7 o'clock in the evening of 18 April two enemy aircraft, flying very high, appeared over the area between Sainte-Katherine and Lendelede. One was shot at by one of our Ballonabwehrkanone and he disappeared in the direction of Menin. The other flew away over Lendelede in a north-easterly direction. At that moment we saw a southbound train approaching on the railway line Ingelmunster-Kortrijk. Suddenly the plane went into a steep dive of about 60 degrees from a height of about 2,000 metres to about 40 metres from the ground. He flew over the train in a loop and as he rose up into the sky again with his wings almost vertical, he threw a bomb at the train. Fortunately it missed the target and there was no damage. The bomb landed about 40 metres east of the track and blew a crater about one metre deep and two metres in diameter. The driver of the locomotive brought the train to a stop.

As the plane had swooped down over the train the Bahnschutzwache troops had fired on it following my order to open fire. We shot at him from a distance of only 100 metres as he flew past. After he had thrown his bomb at the train he tried to escape, switching his engine on again and climbing to about 700 metres through the shots fired by our troops. But suddenly the plane began to sway about in the sky, the engine fell silent, and the pilot began to glide the plane down in the direction of Hulste.

I immediately got on on my bicycle and set off to chase the plane, accompanied by some of the men from my unit on foot. As soon as the plane landed the pilot set it on fire and ran to a farmhouse in Hulst. I was the first to arrive at the scene of the burning plane. Several others soon joined me and my men, including some dragoons from a Württemberger cavalry brigade, as we searched for the airman in Hulste." (1)


Disputed Claims for the Capture of Garros
The honour for the capture of this pilot became a matter of dispute between the Saxon Landsturm Feldwebelleutnant Schlenstedt and the Württemberger cavalrymen mentioned in his account. One version of the story was published in the 'Schwabishen Merkur' newspaper by a Württemberger cavalry medical officer:

"As I rode along the ditches with two other dragoons, one of them suddenly shouted, 'There he is!' I turned my horse around and made my way back to him and saw that he had already drawn his sword. When the pilot he had found saw me and the third dragoon approach with a rifle he stood up quickly. Seeing the pilot put his hands into his pockets I shouted: 'Levez les bras!' and 'Hands up!' several times, which he did. But when we examined his pockets we only found some coins and a few pieces of paper.

With one of us on either side of him we took him by the wrists and led him off. He was a good-looking, dark-haired Frenchman with a high white forehead, a slightly crooked nose and a small black beard. With his lips pressed together he looked at us in wide-eyed amazement. Nevertheless, he remained calm. He was covered with mud on his right side; he had buried himself in the ditch and had covered himself with clumps of grass to hide from us. The dragoon who had spotted him had seen the grass move in the ditch and had seen a piece of blue uniform.

The pilot was wearing a blue fabric jacket with a small stiff collar, which had two brass wings on it. On his breast he wore a red medal ribbon. He was bare-headed and his black hair stuck to his forehead with a mixture of sweat and blood. We couldn't see an obvious wound on him. He had probably scratched himself as he scrambled through the thorn hedge which was growing through the fence where we caught him.

The dragoon who had spotted the pilot was singled out for praise by the General commanding the division; the dragoon was told that he had captured France's best and most daring pilot officer, namely Roland Garros." (2)


The Germans Unwittingly Capture a French Invention
The importance of the shooting down of Lieutenant Roland Garros was that his plane was fitted with a recently developed device to enable bullets from a Hotchkiss machine-gun to fire through the blades of the propellor in a front-engined aeroplane.

The concept of being able to fire bullets through the blades of a turning propellor had been studied from 1912 and although some devices had been patented, none had been without problems. Once war broke out Roland Garros had joined up as a pilot in the French air service, L'Aviation Militaire. Taking leave from his squadron at the end of 1914 he went back to the Morane-Saulnier factory as a test-pilot to try out the latest innovations for firing machine-guns through the blades of a propellor by Raymond Saulnier. Garros had returned to his fighting unit in March 1915 and between 1 and 18 April he shot down five German aircraft using the latest deflector device on his Morane aeroplane (3).

Within a few hours of his forced landing on 18 April by the German 4th Army, as described above, the machine-gun firing device and the Morane's propellor were sent to the Fokker aircraft factory in Germany. It was a mere few weeks later that the Dutchman Anthony Fokker produced the first single-seater aeroplane - the Fokker EI - for the German Air Force fitted with machine-guns, deflectors and an interruptor gear which could synchronise the rate of fire of the gun with the speed of the propellor. The first Fokker EIs to be put into production in small numbers arrived on the Western Front from mid 1915. The Fokker E-types served on the Western Front from mid 1915 to mid 1916 and in that time the 300 or so Fokker E-types of the German Air Force were responsible for shooting down over 1,000 Allied aircraft. (4)

The capture of Garros' plane on 18 April had, without doubt, created a fortuitous opportunity for the German Air Force to examine and develop further an invention which was to become crucial in the fight for supremacy of the skies. (5)

Garros did escape from his imprisonment by the Germans and rejoined the French Aviation Militaire. He was killed in action in October 1918.

Acknowledgements
(1) Der Völkerkrieg, V. Band, p. 188
(2) Der Völkerkrieg, V. Band, p. 189
(3) An Illustrated Companion to the First World War, p. 150
(4) An Illustrated Companion to the First World War, p. 131
(5) The First Great Air War, Richard Townsend Bickers, p. 77-78
(6) Photo of Roland Garros courtesy of the World War One Image Archive


http://www.greatwar.co.uk/westfront/ypsalient/secondypres/prelude/garros.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 10:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

PROTEST FROM CHICHERIN TO THE RUMANIAN PRIME MINISTER AGAINST THE INCORPORATION OF BESSARABIA IN RUMANIA

18 April 1918

Your announcement, published in the European press,' that the representatives of Bessarabia have solemnly proclaimed the incorporation of Bessarabia in Rumania and that consequently you regard Bessarabia as forming henceforth an inalienable part of the Rumanian kingdom, is not only a challenge to the Russian Federal Soviet Republic, but a most flagrant violation of the agreement to evacuate Bessarabia within two months reached between Russia and your predecessors. The incorporation of Bessarabia in Rumania is furthermore an act of violence against the Bessarabian population, who openly and unanimously protested against the Rumanian occupation. The Moldavian Peasants' Congress, held at Kishinev from 18 to 22 January of this year, notwithstanding the arrest of its chairman Rudiev and its vice-chairman Proshtitsky, and in spite of other repressive measures taken by the Rumanian military authorities, protested unanimously against the Rumanian occupation and demanded the withdrawal of Rumanian troops from Bessarabia. Your attempt to pass off, as the expression of the will of the Bessarabian workers and peasants, the vote of the Bessarabian landlords, those arch-enemies of the Bessarabian people and supporters of exploitation, meeting under the protection of Rumanian troops, has no validity whatever in international law. Forcible annexation to Rumania will not destroy the unity and solidarity of the working masses of Bessarabia and Russia.

http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/government/foreign-relations/1918/April/18.htm

Ter informatie: Georgi Tsjitsjerin
Georgi Vasiljevitsj Tsjitsjerin (Russisch: Георгий Васильевич Чичерин) (Kaloega, 24 november 1872 - Moskou, 8 juli 1936) was een Sovjet-Russische minister van Buitenlandse Zaken.
http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georgi_Tsjitsjerin
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Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 10:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meierijsche Courant, Vrijdag 18 April 1919.

Valkenswaard. Na vier jaren onafgebroken in onze gemeente te hebben vertoefd, hebben Woensdag l.l. de laatste militairen ons dorp verlaten. Al ’t achtergelaten materiaal is verkocht.

Valkenswaard. Met de kas er vandoor. Juist bij het ter perse gaan van ons blad, vernemen wij uit Valkenswaard, dat de administrateur van het Steuncomité alhier, een zekere J. H., een jongmensch uit Woensel, plotseling zou zijn verdwenen, een tekort van 3 à 4 duizend gulden in zijn kas achterlatend. J. H. wordt nu door de politie gezocht. Van andere zijde vernemen wij, dat bedoeld jongmensch, wanneer hij in Woensel vertoefde, meer dan gewone verteeringen maakte, die ver boven zijn financieel kunnen uitgingen.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/19191.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 10:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De Armeense genocide in de Nederlandse pers

De Nieuwe Koerier, 18 april 1916 (Bron: Gemeente Archief Roermond)

Een millioen Armeniërs vermoord
De Tijd correspondent te Keulen bericht: Aan de katholieke kerkelijke overheden in Duitschland is van bevoegde zijde uit het katholieke missiegebied de volstrekt betrouwbare mededeeling toegekomen, dat meer dan een millioen Armeniërs door de Turken zijn vermoord, hetzij door uithongering, hetzij door mishandelingen. Tot dit millioen behoorden nagenoeg 100.000 katholieken, waaronder de vier bisschoppen.
In armenië was de volksstemming tegen de Turken opgestookt door de Engelschen.

http://www.agindepers.nl/kwestie/NK-18-4-1916.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 10:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

U.S. Ultimatum to Germany Regarding Unrestricted U-Boat Warfare, 18 April 1916

Reproduced below is the text of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson's ultimatum to the German government regarding the latter's use of U-boats.
In his ultimatum, dated 18 April 1916, Wilson condemned Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, which resulted in merchant vessels being sunk without warning should they be suspected of trading with the Allies.
Wilson warned that the U.S. would not tolerate the continuation of such a policy and demanded it be revoked by the German government (a stance re-iterated in a speech to Congress the following day).
Wilson had been spurred into action by the sinking of the British passenger ship Sussex while it was in the English Channel. Several U.S. citizens were among those drowned. Germany initially denied sinking the Sussex but subsequently admitted doing so.
Alarmed by the U.S. stance the German government - in the form of Foreign Minister Gottlieb von Jagow - withdrew its policy, noting that in future a clear warning would be given before ships were torpedoed. The Naval Minister, Alfred von Tirpitz, was furious, and later attributed Germany's wartime defeat to its weakness at this time in the face of U.S. opposition.
Germany's reintroduction of the policy in February 1917 led to the U.S. breaking off diplomatic relations with Germany.


President Wilson's Ultimatum to German's Foreign Minister Regarding Use of U-Boats, 18 April 1916

Information now in the possession of the Government of the United States fully establishes the facts in the case of the Sussex, and the inferences which the Government has drawn from that information it regards as confirmed by the circumstances set forth in your Excellency's note of the 10th inst.

On the 24th of March, 1916, at about 2.50 o'clock in the afternoon, the unarmed steamer Sussex, with 325 or more passengers on board, among whom were a number of American citizens, was torpedoed while crossing from Folkestone to Dieppe.

The Sussex had never been armed; was a vessel known to be habitually used only for the conveyance of passengers across the English Channel; and was not following the route taken by troop ships or supply ships. About eighty of her passengers, non-combatants of all ages and sexes, including citizens of the United States, were killed or injured.

A careful, detailed, and scrupulously impartial investigation by naval and military officers of the United States has conclusively established the fact that the Sussex was torpedoed without warning or summons to surrender, and that the torpedo by which she was struck was of German manufacture.

In the view of the Government of the United States these facts from the first made the conclusion that the torpedo was fired by a German submarine unavoidable. It now considers that conclusion substantiated by the statements of Your Excellency's note. A full statement of the facts upon which the Government of the United States has based its conclusion, is enclosed.

The Government of the United States, after having given careful consideration to the note of the Imperial Government of the 10th of April, regrets to state that the impression made upon it by the statements and proposals contained in that note is that the Imperial Government has failed to appreciate the gravity of the situation which has resulted, not alone from the attack on the Sussex, but from the whole method and character of submarine warfare as disclosed by the unrestrained practice of the commanders of German undersea craft during the past twelve-month and more in the indiscriminate destruction of merchant vessels of all sorts, nationalities, and destinations.

If the sinking of the Sussex had been an isolated case the Government of the United States might find it possible to hope that the officer who was responsible for that act had wilfully violated his orders or had been criminally negligent in taking none of the precautions they prescribed, and that the ends of justice might be satisfied by imposing upon him an adequate punishment, coupled with a formal disavowal of the act and payment of a suitable indemnity by the Imperial Government.

But, though the attack upon the Sussex was manifestly indefensible and caused a loss of life so tragical as to make it stand forth as one of the most terrible examples of the inhumanity of submarine warfare as the commanders of German vessels are conducting it, it unhappily does not stand alone.

On the contrary, the Government of the United States is forced by recent events to conclude that it is only one instance, even though one of the most extreme and most distressing instances, of the deliberate method and spirit of indiscriminate destruction of merchant vessels of all sorts, nationalities, and destinations which have become more and more unmistakable as the activity of German undersea vessels of war has in recent months been quickened and extended.

The Imperial Government will recall that when, in February, 1915, it announced its intention of treating the waters surrounding Great Britain and Ireland as embraced within the seat of war and of destroying all merchant ships owned by its enemies that might be found within that zone of danger, and warned all vessels, neutral as well as belligerent, to keep out of the waters thus proscribed or to enter them at their peril, the Government of the United States earnestly protested.

It took the position that such a policy could not be pursued without constant gross and palpable violations of the accepted law of nations, particularly if submarine craft were to be employed as its instruments, inasmuch as the rules prescribed by that law, rules founded on the principles of humanity and established for the protection of the lives of non-combatants at sea, could not in the nature of the case be observed by such vessels.

It based its protest on the ground that persons of neutral nationality and vessels of neutral ownership would be exposed to extreme and intolerable risks, and that no right to close any part of the high seas could lawfully be asserted by the Imperial Government in the circumstances then existing.

The law of nations in these matters, upon which the Government of the United States based that protest, is not of recent origin or founded upon merely arbitrary principles set up by convention. It is based, on the contrary, upon manifest principles of humanity and has long been established with the approval and by the express assent of all civilized nations.

The Imperial Government, notwithstanding, persisted in carrying out the policy announced, expressing the hope that the dangers involved, at any rate to neutral vessels, would be reduced to a minimum by the instructions which it had issued to the commanders of its submarines, and assuring the Government of the United States that it would take every possible precaution both to respect the rights of neutrals and to safeguard the lives of non-combatants.

In pursuance of this policy of submarine warfare against the commerce of its adversaries, thus announced and thus entered upon in despite of the solemn protest of the Government of the United States, the commanders of the Imperial Government's undersea vessels have carried on practices of such ruthless destruction, which have made it more and more evident as the months have gone by that the Imperial Government has found it impracticable to put any such restraints upon them as it had hoped and promised to put.

Again and again the Imperial Government has given its solemn assurances to the Government of the United States that at least passenger ships would not be thus dealt with, and yet it has repeatedly permitted its undersea commanders to disregard those assurances with entire impunity.

As recently as February last it gave notice that it would regard all armed merchantmen owned by its enemies as part of the armed naval forces of its adversaries and deal with them as with men-of-war, thus, at least by implication, pledging itself to give warning to vessels which were not armed and to accord security of life to their passengers and crews; but even this limitation their submarine commanders have recklessly ignored.

Vessels of neutral ownership, even vessels of neutral ownership bound from neutral port to neutral port, have been destroyed, along with vessels of belligerent ownership, in constantly increasing numbers. Sometimes the merchantmen attacked have been warned and summoned to surrender before being fired on or torpedoed; sometimes their passengers and crews have been vouchsafed the poor security of being allowed to take to the ship's boats before the ship was sent to the bottom.

But again and again no warning has been given, no escape even to the ship's boats allowed to those on board. Great liners like the Lusitania and Arabic, and mere passenger boats like the Sussex, have been attacked without a moment's warning, often before they have even become aware that they were in the presence of an armed ship of the enemy, and the lives of non-combatants, passengers and crew, have been destroyed wholesale and in a manner which the Government of the United States cannot but regard as wanton and without the slightest colour of justification.

No limit of any kind has, in fact, been set to their indiscriminate pursuit and destruction of merchantmen of all kinds and nationalities within the waters which the Imperial Government has chosen to designate as lying within the seat of war. The roll of Americans who have lost their lives upon ships thus attacked and destroyed has grown month by month until the ominous toll has mounted into the hundreds.

The Government of the United States has been very patient. At every stage of this distressing experience of tragedy after tragedy it has sought to be governed by the most thoughtful consideration of the extraordinary circumstances of an unprecedented war and to be guided by sentiments of very genuine friendship for the people and Government of Germany.

It has accepted the successive explanations and assurances of the Imperial Government as, of course, given in entire sincerity and good faith, and has hoped, even against hope, that it would prove to be possible for the Imperial Government so to order and control the acts of its naval commanders as to square its policy with the recognized principles of humanity as embodied in the law of nations. It has made every allowance for unprecedented conditions and has been willing to wait until the facts became unmistakable and were susceptible of only one interpretation.

It now owes it to a just regard for its own rights to say to the Imperial Government that that time has come. It has become painfully evident to it that the position which it took at the very outset is inevitable, namely, the use of submarines for the destruction of an enemy's commerce, is, of necessity, because of the very character of the vessels employed and the very methods of attack which their employment of course involves, utterly incompatible with the principles of humanity, the long-established and incontrovertible rights of neutrals, and the sacred immunities of non-combatants.

If it is still the purpose of the Imperial Government to prosecute relentless and indiscriminate warfare against vessels of commerce by the use of submarines, without regard to what the Government of the United States must consider the sacred and indisputable rules of international law and the universally recognized dictates of humanity, the Government of the United States is at last forced to the conclusion that there is but one course it can pursue.

Unless the Imperial Government should now immediately declare and effect an abandonment of its present methods of submarine warfare against passenger and freight-carrying vessels, the Government of the United States can have no choice but to sever diplomatic relations with the German Empire altogether.

This action the Government of the United States contemplates with the greatest reluctance, but feels constrained to take in behalf of humanity and the rights of neutral nations.

Source: Source Records of the Great War, Vol. IV, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/uboat1916_usultimatum.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 10:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1916)

18 april 1916 - Een typisch staaltje van de inciden­ten die zich om de haver­klap voordeden, vond plaats toen de Belgische ambassadeur klacht indiende bij het Nederlandse ministerie van Buitenland­se Zaken omdat de Neder­landse over­heid twaalf kisten petroleum, die vanuit Engeland verstuurd waren ter attentie van de burge­meester van Baarle-Hertog, niet wou vrijgeven. De minister besliste daarop dat deze kisten tot aan de wapenstil­stand op het station van Baarle-Nassau moesten gestoc­keerd blijven. Al deze beklijvende tegen­maat­re­gelen konden echter niet verhinde­ren dat de instal­latie heel de oorlog door opera­tio­neel is gebleven. (Jan Huijbrechts in “Castelré 1914-1918, Begrensd Overleven”)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=189:07-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1916&catid=90:oorlog&Itemid=118
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 10:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

GLOUCESTERSHIRE REGIMENT OFFICERS DIED 1916

2nd Lieutenant RALPH ALBERT NEGUS - Killed in action 18th April 1916 - 11th Battalion. Aged 30 years. Son of Ralph and Jessie, of Cheltenham. Commissioned May 1915. Shot through the head by a sniper at Loos. Buried at Maroc British Cemetery.

http://glosters.tripod.com/1916off.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 10:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

2/6th Battalion South Staffordshire war diaries

18th Wednesday [April 1917] - Patrols sent out found touch with enemy. Enemy artillery very active.

http://blackcountry-territorials.org/articles/26th-battalion-war-diary-april-1917
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 10:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Percy Allsup's Diary

April 18th [1917] - Same Routines.

Wink http://www.pals.org.uk/allsup_diary05.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 11:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

German prisoners taken on 18 April 1918 being told the rules of their captivity, France.

Fotootje... http://www.heritage-print.com/pictures_1258434/german-prisoners-taken-on-18-april-1918-being-told-the-rules-of-their-captivity-france.html

Nog meer foto's uit dezelfde serie: http://www.fotosearch.com/results.asp?keyword=18+april+1918+&category=&searchtype=sss
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 17 Apr 2010 11:13, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 11:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

18 April 1918, Commons Sitting

STEAMSHIP "BEIJERLAND."


HC Deb 18 April 1918 vol 105 c553 553

Mr. JOYNSON-HICKS asked the First Lord of the Admiralty whether the ship "Beijerland," of Rotterdam, was taken over by the Admiralty in the middle of March and released at Liverpool on or about the 30th March; and, if so, what was her cargo and why was the ship released?

The MINISTER of BLOCKADE (Lord Robert Cecil) The facts are as stated. The vessel was loaded with a cargo of soda for Holland under a contract existing between His Majesty's Government and the Dutch Soda Commission. Any other course would have involved the broach of an existing agreement.

Mr. JOYNSON-HICKS Does the right hon. Gentleman know from what firm the soda came?

Lord R. CECIL No Sir. If my hon. Friend wants that information, he must put down a further question.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1918/apr/18/steamship-beijerland
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 11:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Star - Christchurch - 1918 - April

Thursday 18 April 1918 - Deaths
- HOCKING - Dorcas, on 16 April at Christchurch, bel mother of Private J.F.Hocking, 24th Reinforcements and Private S.Hocking (14th reinforcements)
- ORANGE - Private Raymond L. on 5 April, killed in action in France, dearly loved hus of Lilian L.Orange 40 Ashbourne st, Woolston aged 25 years.

http://homepages.ihug.co.nz/~ashleigh/1870-1908/1918.April.Star.Christchurch.BMD.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 11:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1919
Aftermath of War

No news reported.
http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1919_04_18.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 11:26    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

BRITISH FISHING VESSELS LOST AT SEA DUE TO ENEMY ACTION

JOHN S BOYLE, 143grt, 18 April 1917, 25 miles E by S from St Abb's Head, captured by submarine, sunk by bombs

RAMESES, 155grt, 18 April 1917, 60 miles NE from Blyth, captured by submarine, sunk by bombs

WITHAM, 144grt, 18 April 1917, 125 miles E by S ½ S from St Abb's Head, captured by submarine, sunk by gunfire

http://www.naval-history.net/WW1LossesBrFV1917-18.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 11:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Australian Battlefields of World War 1 - France

(...) By the 18th of April 1918 the signs of a coming attack were unmistakable. The Germans attacked with mustard gas in the woods and gullies behind the town. Australian troops were relieved by troops from the British 8th Division as previously arranged, from Villers-Bretonneux to the flank of the French at Hangard in the south. On April 21, German deserters revealed that German attack preparations were nearing completion. They revealed that the attack would commence early on April 24...

Lees verder op http://www.anzacsinfrance.com/1918/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 11:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

World Aviation in 1919

18 April - Compagnie des Messageries Aériennes (CMA) inaugurates a mail and cargo service between Paris and Lille. The service is daily using ex-military Breguet 14's. Brussels and London are added to the growing network in August.

http://www.century-of-flight.net/Aviation%20history/aviation%20timeline/1919.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 17 Apr 2010 23:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

PUNCH, OR THE LONDON CHARIVARI.
Vol. 152, April 18th, 1917.


Immediately north of the Siegfried line, the experts explain, is a new German position, which they have christened the Wotan line. It will not be long before we hear of fresh German activities in the Götterdämmerung line.

Goat-skin coats are mentioned by a lady writer as quite a novelty. She is in error. Goats have worn them for years.

A wedding at Huntingdon, the other day, was interrupted by the barking of dog within the vicinity of the church. It is a peculiar thing, but dogs have never looked upon marriage as the serious thing it really is.

The Vienna Zeit says the worst enemy of the people is their appetite. Several local humourists have been severely dealt with for pointing out that eating is the best way of getting rid of this pest.

A Stepney market porter attempted last week to evade military service by hiding in a cupboard, but the police captured him despite the fact that he attempted to throw them off the scent by making a noise like a piece of cheese—a very old device.

On one day of Eastertide there was an inch of snow in Liverpool, followed by hailstones, lightning, thunder and a gale of wind. Summer has certainly arrived very early this year.

The Berliner Tageblatt makes much of the fact that a recent submarine expedition was carried out by means of German Naval officers on board a trawler "disguised as ordinary men." A clever piece of masquerading.

http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/15021
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2010 7:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1916 : Belgisch offensief in Afrika richting Duits Oost-Afrika.

Belgisch Kongo tijdens de oorlog 1914-18

Volgens het verdrag van Berlijn genoten de Afrikaanse gebieden van een strikte neutraliteit. Duitsland respecteerde deze clausule niet en viel de Belgische troepen, die zich daar bevonden, aan.

Daarop besloot de Belgische regering om de Openbare Weermacht, die oorspronkelijk opgericht werd om de binnenlandse orde te handhaven, aan de kant van de geallieerden in de strijd te werpen.

Deze Belgische koloniale troepen namen deel aan de verdediging van Rhodesie (augustus 1915) en de verovering van Kameroen (feb 1916).

Het offensief in Oost-Afrika werd bekroond met de inname van Tabora op 19 september 1916. Het hele gebied van de Duitse kolonie, ten westen van Tabora, was in de handen van de geallieerden gevallen.

De Belgische troepen werden gedemobiliseerd maar werden later terug opgeroepen om steun te verlenen in de aanval op de Duitse troepen, die zich teruggetrokken hadden in het zuidwesten van hun kolonie. Er kwam een einde aan de gevechten na de val van Mahenge (9/10/17) en de vijand teruggeslagen werd tot in Mozambique.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2010 13:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Pvt Glen M Sample, USMC.

Born 24 November 1894 in Switzerland Cty, Ind, Glen was a barber by trade. He joined the USMC on 25 April 1917 and, after training at Parris Island, was sent to Quantico, Virginia, where he was assigned to the 74th Company of the 1/6th Marine Regiment. After going overseas in September 1917, Glen's regiment came under the tutelage of the French Army and entered the front line (Toulon sector) in March 1918.

On 13 April, the regiment suffered many casualties when they came under a gas attack whilst in billets out of the line and Glen was a victim of this attack, dying of gas injuries five days later (18 April 1918). He was buried in section 107, plot 4 of Argonne American Cemetery nr 1232 at Romagne, but was repatriated post-war.

http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/great-war-people/remember-on-this-day/1237-18-april-1918-pvt-glen-m-sample.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

MOVING PICTURE NEWS, 18 April 1914



http://www.moviemags.com/main.php?title=MOVING%20PICTURE%20NEWS&etos=1914
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Walter Stamper's earlier letters, written from Ypres to his sister

18/4/15
My dearest Isa
I was very pleased to get your most welcome card & to hear you were all well Ted[?] & Kit included. We are just out of the trenches this morning & I must tell you have the honor of having your letter delivered to me there. When we came out there was one of the most Terrific Bombardments going on you could ever imagine I am thinking Mr German got it good & hot of course they were returning it so you can imagine what it was like but we just marched along taking no notice although they were shelling the road we were on. We spent some part of our time in the woods at the back of the firing line. A most beautiful place if it had not been knocked about so by their shells large trees cut in half & some torn up by their roots. Some part of the time we were digging trenches under fire all the time I am beginning to think I bear a charmed life as the others keep going one by one. We are very proud at being mentioned in Gen French’s Dispatch again I can tell you we get some hard work to do for it. I should like a Lincoln paper sometimes that is if you would like to send one there I think you have got a long letter this time so must close with fondest love to Father Mother & Yourself & my kindest wishes to Mr & Mrs Hebdon ?? as always your loving brother
Wal

http://1914-1918.invisionzone.com/forums/index.php?showtopic=32114
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Newspaper layout from The Portland Oregonian, April 18, 1915 featuring 1906/1907 and 1915 Oldsmobiles



http://www.flickr.com/photos/crackdog/2935480033/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Çanakkale - Eceabat Çamyayla Atatürk Headquarters

Lieutenant Colonel Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) who was the military Attache in Sofia had seen that The Ottoman Government inevitably was going to enter the World War One, had asked insistently from the Commander-in-Chief’s office to be appointed to an active duty. In return for his insistence, on 20 January 1915, he was appointed as the Commanding Officer to the 19 Division which was being established in the Tekirdag region. In a very short time Atatürk had finalized the establishment of this division and moved it to Eceabat on 25 February 1915 in order to be ready for a likely defence of the Gallipoli peninsula. After supplying the division here, on 18 April 1915 arrived at Çamyayla (the old name is Bigali) village and established his headquarters in a village house, a week before the war started. Atatürk, after his defensive and offensive battles against the superior enemy forces at Conkbayiri and Ariburnu, attracted attention of the whole world with his heroism, courage and the victories won and promoted to full Colonel on 1 June 1915. During those days Atatürk was preparing his offensive plans and directing the battle in his Çamyayla headquarters in a village house. After the Gallipoli victory, on 10 December 1915 Atatürk returned to Istanbul as a Hero.

This headquarters of Atatürk in Çamyayla, had been used as a house by its owners for many years after the Gallipoli wars. Everybody knew that Atatürk had spent his longest nights in this house, the kerosene lamps had been glowing until every dawn during the war. There is only one table remaining from the original furniture. Who knows how many days and nights Atatürk had used this table, marking the maps, drawing his war strategies. Finally, a “Çamyayla Atatürk Museum Founding Committee” was formed. First thing this committee had done was placing a signboard on the front door of the house with inscriptions reading: “The 19 Division headquarters of Atatürk in 1915”. The committee wanted to purchase the house from its owners to make it a museum. Finally they succeeded in this matter as well.

Later on, the Çamyayla Headquarters of Atatürk was turned over to the Ministry of Culture. After restoring the house, the Ministry opened it to public in 1973. The Atatürk Çamyayla Headquarters was constructed as a two-storey lathwork building. You enter to a small courtyard from its main door. In the ground floor there are one large and two small rooms. Through wooden stairs you can reach the large living room on the first floor. There are three rooms opening to the living room. The room in the middle is the largest and was the study room of Atatürk. The one on the right was his bedroom. The other room was used by his aide. The rooms had timber ceilings and floorings. Atatürk’s table is in the study room.

The Headquarters Museum had opened to exhibition after furnishing with articles and pictures of Atatürk collected later.

http://www.kultur.gov.tr/EN/belge/2-15202/canakkale---eceabat-camyayla-ataturk-headquarters.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Second attempt to launch the attack - 18 April 1915

During the night of 18th/19th April hundreds of German troops were ordered for a second time to “Stand To”. This was to be the second attempt by the German 4th Army to launch the attack with gas.

On the night of 18th April the German troops were “Stood To” for a second time in readiness to move into their assembly positions for the launch of an infantry assault. The night was pitch black. The history of 238. Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment writes of an enormous movement of traffic in the form of troops, columns and Staff headquarters making their way along every road heading in the direction of the enemy. Despite the lack of any moonlight to assist the Germans as they moved, the operation went smoothly and silently.

However, for a second time the troops were ordered to stand down. Again they had to withdraw from the front line positions in the early morning because the wind had changed direction. Day was already dawning. Fortunately there was a thick morning mist like a blanket over the area. It gave some protection as the troops made their way back towards their billets. The withdrawal was carried out hurriedly due to the growing light of day. 238. Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment was moving back from its assembly positions north-west of Langemarck. The men quickened their pace as they made for the cover of the trees in the Houthulst Forest. The sheer number of troops and wagons trying to enter the wood in this rear sector resulted in a major blockage of men and transport columns on one of the main roads (referred to as the “Rogge-Strasse”) through the forest. The gridlock was sorted out by some cool-headed officers who managed to sort out the difficult situation.

http://www.greatwar.co.uk/battles/second-ypres-1915/prelude/germans-standto-2.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Diary of EW Manifold - WWI

Edward Walford Manifold was born on 28th April 1892 and grew up in the Western District of Victoria. He travelled to England to join the Royal Field Artillery when World War I broke out.

Diary Entry - 18th April, 1916 - Another wet day. After looking at a field near Houdain on which horses had been grazing, Hoyland and self left Suttie and rode on up to Bully to see about taking over from Brigade 104. All we had to do was to see that there were no changes from when we moved out and the wagon line was the only place where we had lost any covering or billets. We also had to look up another battery whose position was lower down the slope from ours. We are to take a section of theirs over. The OC of this battery was an old sergeant major and was most amusing, but we did not get much information from him, as he had too much to say. We could not get a word in edgeways

http://ewmanifold.blogspot.com/2011/04/diary-entry-18th-april-1916.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Edward Felix Baxter



Edward Felix Baxter VC (18 September 1885 – 18 April 1916) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Felix Baxter was born in Oldswinford near Stourbridge in Worcestershire, son of Charles & Beatrice (née Sparrow) and worked as tutor. Also, Felix Baxter competed in the 1910 Isle of Man TT Races and crashed on lap 4 at Ballacraine and damage to the front forks of his motor-cycle caused a retirement from the race.

As a second lieutenant in the 1/8th Battalion, The King's (Liverpool) Regiment, British Army during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC. The citation appeared in a supplement to the London Gazette of 26 September 1916:

War Office, 26th September, 1916.
His Majesty the KING has been graciously pleased to award the Victoria Cross to the undermentioned Officers, Non-commissioned Officers and Men:—

[...]

2nd Lt. Edward Felix Baxter, late L'pool R.

For most conspicuous bravery. Prior to a raid on the hostile line he was engaged during two nights in cutting wire close to the enemy's trenches. The enemy could be heard on the other side of the parapet.

Second Lieutenant Baxter, while assisting in the wire cutting, held a bomb in his hand with the pin withdrawn ready to throw. On one occasion the bomb slipped and fell to the ground, but he instantly picked it up, unscrewed the base plug, and took out the detonator, which he smothered in the ground, thereby preventing the alarm being given, and undoubtedly saving many casualties.

Later, he led the left storming party with the greatest gallantry, and was the first man into the trench, shooting the sentry with his revolver. He then assisted to bomb dugouts, and finally climbed out of the trench and assisted the last man over the parapet.

After this he was not seen again, though search parties went out at once to look for him. There seems no doubt that he lost his life in his great devotion to duty
.

He is buried at Fillievres British Cemetery, France, located 8 miles south west of Hesdin: Row A. Grave 10.[3][4]

His Victoria Cross is displayed in the Lord Ashcroft Gallery in the Imperial War Museum in London.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Felix_Baxter
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

PRIZE MONEY NOTICE
With thanks to the London Gazette

Gazette No. 29552 - 18 APRIL 1916

Naval Prize Money.

Admiralty, S.W., 18th April, 1916.

Notice is hereby given to all persons, interested therein, that preparations are now being made for the intended Distribution of the Prize Bounty awarded for the destruction of the enemy armed ship "Cap Trafalgar" by H.M. Ship "Carmania," on the 14th September, 1914.

http://www.naval-history.net/WW1Battle1409CarmaniaVCapTrafalgar.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter, Captain Francis Coen to Margaret Coen, 18 April 1916

The congregation numbered some 600. I noticed only three men: the remainder consisted of women, girls and children – all in mourning. It is not on the Boulevardes or in the Cafes that one sees the grief of La Belle France, if you wish to look into the heart of the unfortunate country you must visit the churches. There you can arrive at some estimate of the grief and suffering of this hateful struggle.

http://www.ww1westernfront.gov.au/notre-dame/index.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

A raiding party of the 1/8th Battalion, The Liverpool Regiment after a trench raid carried out at Wailly on the night of 17-18 April 1916.



The man in the balaclava on the extreme left of the picture is holding a trench club. Clubs were particularly useful in such operations, as the discharge of firearms would destroy the element of surprise.

http://www.iwm.org.uk/searchlight/server.php?show=nav.24330
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

18 April 1918 → Commons Sitting

PICTURE SHOWS (MINING DISTRICTS).


HC Deb 18 April 1918 vol 105 c552 552

Mr. STANTON asked the President of the Board of Trade if his Department will grant permission to the managers of picture shows in the mining districts of the country to open their shows in the mornings to suit the convenience of miners who are working on the night shifts?

Sir A. STANLEY I have carefully considered the representations that have been made to me on this subject, and have not felt justified in granting a special exemption in favour of morning cinematograph performances.

Mr. STANTON Has not the right hon. Gentleman had any application from any other Members representing mining districts?

Sir A. STANLEY I am not certain, but it is very likely.

Mr. STANTON Will they have no consideration?

Sir A. STANLEY We have carefully considered this matter, and it would raise a very serious precedent if we made any exception of this kind.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1918/apr/18/picture-shows-mining-districts
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Website of the Royal New South Wales Lancers Lancer Barracks and Museum: Gaza-Beersheba

At 20:30 on 18 April 1917 the regiment crossed the Wady Ghuzze and joined the rest of the division for the advance on Gaza. The ensuing battle is known as the Second Battle of Gaza. With C Squadron as advanced party, the 1st LH acted as vanguard to the Anzac Mounted Division, which deployed near Erk. The regiment's objective was the enemy position at Baiket el Sana. C Squadron under Major Smith galloped in extended order and got into position, followed by "B" Squadron under Major Weir, B Squadron's frontage reaching to Wady Sheria. Both squadrons were shelled but casualties were light. Lieutenant W. J. M. Edwards with 12 other ranks patrolled to the left but failed to reach his objective, the Gaza-Beersheba road, as they were heavily fired on from Um Adrah. One troop, led by Lieutenant W. F. M. Ross, was detailed to escort the guns. At 15:00 the enemy commenced to move against Baiket el Sana, and their artillery fire increased in intensity and accuracy. The 2nd L.H. relieved B Squadron but could not relieve C Squadron owing to the enemy counter-attack. By 17:00 it seemed that the attack on Gaza by the main force had failed, and it was seen that the enemy all along the line were pushing up their guns and cavalry. At 20:30 the order was given to withdraw to Tel el Jemmi, a tactical landmark on Wady Ghuzze where sufficient water had been obtained for the division.

The regiment marched all night neither man nor horse getting any rest until dawn. A few hours later the order to move off was given and the 1st LH, with the brigade, moved to a point a mile north of Wady Sheikh Nuran where it formed a splendid target for the enemy 'planes which bombed the division heavily. Many horses were lost and Lieutenant J. Egan and 20 men were wounded. At night (20-21 April 1917) the regiment was again on outpost after watering at Abu Hisia, a waterhole in Wady Ghuzze. Men and horses were by now very much fatigued. Next day the regimental observation post reported enemy patrols and Major Irwin was sent to make an appreciation of the situation under cover of Lieutenant James's troop which got into action and drove off a squadron of the enemy. At 17:10 the 1st LH were relieved by the Staffordshire Yeomanry, who carried on the entrenching of the outpost position. The unit moved back to water at Hisia and formed a camp at Abasan el Kebir, supporting the outpost line. Aircraft bombed the brigade again and the 1st LH suffered 20 casualties. Next day the regiment moved to Abu Sitta.

The 2nd Light Horse Brigade was covering Asluj until 06:00 on 30 October1917, when 2nd Lieutenant J.R. Wright and 12 other ranks relieved them on their day observation post. One troop under Lieutenant Frost was detailed as escort to B Echelon transport, and 2nd Lieutenant Parbury and 40 other ranks were detailed as a working party with engineers developing the water supply. The regiment less the two troops left Asluj at 17:30 and, after watering, joined the brigade near Asluj railway station, which was the rendezvous of the Anzac Mounted Division prior to its advance against Beersheba. After a long night march, the high ground east of and overlooking Beersheba was reached at dawn and orders were issued to the 1st Brigade to attack Tel el Saba, the 2nd and 3rd L.H. being detailed to initiate the attack, while the 1st L.H. was held in reserve. At 10.30 on 31 October. the regiment was detailed to take up a position on the left flank of the Inverness Battery, which had come into position two kilometres south-east of Saba near Khurbet el Watan. The advanced troops were heavily shelled, and all led horses had to be taken back some distance to the broken ground. Lieutenant Wright, with two sections, carried out a very daring reconnaissance of the enemy's position in Wady Saba, bringing back much valuable information. The New Zealand Mounted Rifles materially assisted the attack by a flanking movement from the north, and Tel el Saba was occupied at 15:00.

Lees verder op http://www.lancers.org.au/site/1st_Gaza-Beersheba.asp
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 9:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Utrechts Nieuwsblad (18-04-1918)

http://www.hetutrechtsarchief.nl/collectie/kranten/un/1918/0418
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 10:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

An American Missionary by Norman Rockwell, April 18, 1918 Issue of Life Magazine

Here Rockwell shows one of the American ambassadors of goodwill.

This American soldier is teaching a child how to play America's favorite pastime, baseball. I am unsure whether the child is a boy or girl. The hairstyle and facial features suggest a boy. However, the clothing on the child looks feminine. Still, I am certainly no expert on children's clothing in World War One France or Belgium.

The soldier is teaching the child the proper batting stance. Will he/she hit a home run? Possibly he/she will be afforded the opportunity to use this newfound skill to defend against enemy soldiers. That would indeed be a home run. And a good use of the bat.

http://www.best-norman-rockwell-art.com/norman-rockwell-life-magazine-cover-1918-4-18-an-american-missionary.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 18 Apr 2018 9:19, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 10:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Nieppe, France. 18 April 1918. A Company Headquarters of the 7th Battalion...

... established an old shooting box in the Forest of Neippe, in Northern France. A week earlier on the arrival of the 1st Division at Hazebrouck from the Somme, the Germans were already commencing to penetrate the Forest of Nieppe immediately east of the town. The 7th Battalion, with some of the 1st Pioneer Battalion and a company of mmachine gunners, pushed through Nieppe Forest, north of La Motte Chateau, and dug in on the north-eastern edge, in touch with the British rearguards. The Australian line, when completed, ran down from Strazeele to the Wood, where it linked up with the British Guards and the 29th Division. The Germans attacked in force on the 14th, but were replused; they renewed the attack in the evening, but failed. They never attacked again on these positions.

Foto... https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/E04754
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 18 Apr 2018 9:18, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 10:38    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Filmpjes over Toul in Frankrijk, april 1918.

Onder meer:
Ground crewmen work on a row of parked USAAS SPAD S. XIII of the 94th Fighter Squadron in Toul, France.
Three ground crewmen work on a SPAD S. XIII and a group of officers of 94th Aero Squadron in Toul, France.
Major John W.F.M. Huffer and Major Raoul Lufbery stand and smoke beside a Nieuport 28 C-l in Toul, France.
Wounded US soldiers on litters are placed into an American Expeditionary Force hospital train in Toul, France
.

http://www.criticalpast.com/products/location_history/Toul_France/1910/1918
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Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 10:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Der deutsche Heeresbericht: Die Engländer hinter den Steenbach geworfen



Großes Hauptquartier, 18. April.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz: Der Feind überließ uns gestern große Teile des von ihm in monatelangem Ringen mit ungeheueren Opfern erkauften flandrischen Bodens. Die Armee des Generals Sixt v. Armin nahm, dem schrittweise weichenden Feinde scharf nachdrängend, Poelkapelle, Langemarck und Zonnebeke und warf den Feind hinter den Steenbach zurück. Südlich vom Blankaartsee hemmte ein feindlicher Gegenstoß unser Vorwärtsdrängen. Nördlich von der Lys gewannen wir unter starkem Feuerschutz Boden und säuberten einige Maschinengewehrnester. Die Kämpfe der letzten Tage brachten mehr als 2500 Gefangene, einige Geschütze und zahlreiche Maschinengewehre ein.
An der Schlachtfront zu beiden Seiten der Somme nahm der zeitweilig auflebende Feuerkampf bei Moreuil und Montdidier größere Stärke an.
Auf dem Ostufer der Maas hatten kleinere Unternehmungen bei Ornes und Watronville vollen Erfolg und brachten Gefangene ein. Nördlich von Flirey (zwischen Maas und Mosel) scheiterte ein starker französischer Vorstoß unter blutigen Verlusten.
Von den anderen Kriegsschauplätzen nichts Neues.

Der Erste Generalquartiermeister
Ludendorff.

http://www.stahlgewitter.com/18_04_18.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 10:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter by John Maclean
Source: The Call 18th April 1918, p.5

Dear Comrade, — Allow me to inform readers that all letters sent to me with the words “ Russian Consulate” on them are being returned to the senders by the Postmaster, Glasgow, because the Government does not recognise the Bolshevik Government. Those communicating with me know what to do. It is advisable that all moneys be handed to me, as I cannot assume Responsibility for failure to acknowledge moneys sent but not received. One cheque sent by Mrs. D.B. Montefiore I have not I received. This I learnt only by accidentally meeting her.

JOHN MACLEAN.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/maclean/works/1918-letter.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2011 10:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter from Sigmund Freud to Ernest Jones, April 18, 1919

18 April 1919
Vienna, IX. Berggasse 19

Dear Jones,

The first window opening in our cage. I can write you directly and a closed letter! I was extremely glad to hear, that five years of war and separation did not succeed in deteriorating your kind feelings for our crew and very sorry that your health is not the same as your friendship. But I hope the latter will recover as the former will remain.1

I am extraordinarily obliged to you for bringing with you so much of my daughters things, she wanted them badly. We have grown hungry beggars all of us here.

But you shall hear no complaints. I am still upright and hold myself not responsible for any part of the worlds nonsense. Psychoanalysis is flourishing I am glad to learn from everywhere, I trust science will prove a consolation for you too. (...)

http://www.pep-web.org/document.php?id=zbk.028.0340a
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BerichtGeplaatst: 18 Apr 2018 9:15    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

18 april 1918 | Nieuwsbericht | Oorlog in Alveringem

Henri Wynthein is op 24 juli 1899 geboren in het West-Vlaamse dorp Roksem, nu een deelgemeente van de stad Oudenburg. De ongehuwde zoon van Auguste en Eugenie Declerck is nog student Latijn in het klooster van de Barnabieten in Waregem als hij op 2 juli 1915 als milicien in dienst treedt van het Belgisch leger. Hij is 1,63 meter groot en heeft blond haar.

Ballonvaarder Henri Wynthein raakt door obusscherven gekwetst en wordt met een doorboorde buik en verwondingen aan beide benen geëvacueerd naar het Belgisch militair hospitaal van Beveren-aan-de-IJzer. Hij overlijdt daar op 18 april 1918 om 5 uur 's morgens.

Het slachtoffer wordt op 19 april 1918 begraven op het kerkhof van Beveren-aan-de-IJzer en op 18 oktober 1924 herbegraven op de Belgische militaire begraafplaats van De Panne, grafnummer K-177.

http://www.oorlogserfgoedalveringem.be/nl/18-april-1918
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