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11 oktober
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Okt 2017 11:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Derby or Group Scheme 1915

On 11 October 1915 Lord Derby was appointed Director-General of Recruiting. He brought forward a programme five days later, often called the Derby Scheme although its official title was the Group Scheme, for raising the numbers. Men aged 18 to 40 were informed that under the scheme they could continue to enlist voluntarily or attest with an obligation to come if called up later on. The War Office notified the public that voluntary enlistment would soon cease and that the last day of registration would be 15 December 1915.

Lees verder op http://www.1914-1918.net/derbyscheme.html
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Okt 2017 12:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letters Home - 11 October 1915 - From DB Keith on the Western Front to his Family in Thurso

My dear Mother,
I got your welcome letter this morning. I have tried to write as often as I can but we are pretty busy with one thing or another to get settled up & unfortunately my last letter to you did not get sent off as soon as it might have.
We are in a quiet place here but every day & night you hear the big guns booming, just a continuous rumbling something like the bubbles on boiling toffee, some big & some small – that’s rather an absurd metaphor but it expresses what I mean – a sort of sultry series of eruptions. And at night flashes blink for a second across the sky. Aeroplanes often come buzzing around. A series of trains with unearthly shrieks of agony in lieu of whistles & proceeding at a mild walking pace lugging interminable trucks puff along across the level crossing just as one wants to cross. Occasionally motor buses – Red X [Cross] or otherwise, a few French horsemen or a cyclist or two flit past. Otherwise things are as usual.
There are rumours pretty nearly always that we are being moved the next day, sometimes to the trenches & we look with a kind of questioning wonder at the flashes across the sky, sometimes farther back & we think of theatres & pleasant billets, but so far neither has eventuated & we are still pegging away here. & it’s not so bad. We had a church service today to the sound of guns. It’s all new & the experience of this war will if I come through all right make a tremendous difference in me. It may drive me insane or it may be the making of me.
We are starting our own Company mess here & I want you to send out or rather get Munro or one of the keepers to send out every Day a box of grouse, venison, partridges, duck, etc. anything – but enough for 4 persons, say 1 [brace] grouse today & partridges or duck or venison – just a small bit for 4 or 6 each day – can you manage that otherwise we are likely to live on bully beef. Parcels take 3 or 4 days I believe so the stuff sent should be newly killed if possible. The other fellows are getting parcels every day but it’s shortbread, cakes, honey, etc. …


https://www.highlifehighland.com/nucleus-nuclear-caithness-archives/letters-home-4-11-october-1915/
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Okt 2017 12:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The House-Grey Memorandum - October 1915 - February 1916 - From Colonel Edward House's Diary

October 8, 1915: I outlined very briefly a plan which has occurred to me and which seems of much value. I thought we had lost our opportunity to break with Germany, and it looked as if she had a better chance than ever of winning and if she did win our turn would come next; and we were not only unprepared, but there would be no one to help us stand the first shock. Therefore, we should do something decisive now -- something that would either end the war in a way to abolish militarism or that would bring us in with the Allies to help them do it. My suggestion is to ask the Allies unofficially, to let me know whether or not it would be agreeable to them to have us demand that hostilities cease. We would put it upon the high ground that the neutral world was suffering along with the belligerents and that we had rights as well as they, and that peace parleys should begin upon the broad basis of both military and naval disarmament. . . -

If the Allies understood our purpose, we could be as severe in our language concerning them as we were with the Central Powers. The Allies, after some hesitation, could accept our offer or demand and the Central Powers accepted, we would then have accomplished a master-stroke of diplomacy. If the Central Powers refused to acquiesce, we could then push our insistence to a point where diplomatic relations would first be broken off, and later the whole force of our Government -- and perhaps the force of every neutral -- might be brought against them.

The President was startled by this plan. He seemed to acquiesce by silence. I had not time to push it further, for our entire conversation did not last longer than twenty minutes.

October 11, 1915: Frank Polk took lunch with me. I told him something of the plan I had outlined to the President, concerning our enforcing peace before the Allies reached a position where they could not be of assistance in the event we had war with the Central Powers. I am looking at the matter from the American viewpoint and also from the broader viewpoint of humanity in general. It will not do for the United States to let the Allies go down and leave Germany the dominant military factor in the world. We would certainly be the next object of attack, and the Monroe Doctrine would be less indeed than a scrap of paper. . . . Polk thought the idea was good from every standpoint, and he hoped the President would finally put it through. . . .

Lees verder op https://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/The_House-Grey_Memorandum
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Okt 2017 12:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

New Zealand tunnellers

At the request of the imperial government, in September 1915, miners and qualified men in digging tunnels enlisted to form a Tunnelling Company in New Zealand. Enlistment started on 17 September 1915. Even though they were paid three times more than any other soldiers from any Corps, recruits were not numerous. More miners were expected, but the Company raised men with difficulty.
Coal miners were not allowed to enlist because they had an essential role in the war effort. Despite the establishment of quotas to find qualified men, which was a rare act in the formation of a military unit in New Zealand, half the company was mainly composed of a wide range of occupations: bushmen, workers, farmers, clerks, surveyors or engineers. The common enlisted man was single, living far from his family and aged of almost 32.
250 miners and 150 unskilled men were required to form the Company. Almost 80 per cent of them came from the North Island, the most populated of the two main islands which is part of New Zealand. Important groups of men enlisted together from gold mines, quarries or work companies coming especially from Auckland, Waihi, Huntly or Thames. A minority of recruits came from the South Island, mainly from the area of the West Coast – Millerton, Reefton or Blackball – and of Kaitangata.
Recruiting miners was a source of problem. A lot of tunnellers were members of trade unions and some of them were even active members. The Company was soon known to have enlisted 11 secretaries from different workers associations and more than 40 members of the Red Federation of Labor, an important workers organization which represented a quarter of the New Zealand trade unions. Actually, before the war, a lot of miners had taken part in important strikes such as the one in Waihi in 1912.
On 11 October 1915 in Avondale, near Auckland, nearly 450 men were finally gathered on the racecourse transformed into a training field for the tunnellers.

Lees vooral verder! http://www.nztunnellers.com/history/call-to-pick-and-shovel.html
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 13473
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BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Okt 2017 12:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

NURSE EDITH CAVELL 1865-1915

Trial and Execution - A photograph of the first page of Edith Cavell's last letter, dated 11 October 1915. In the letter, which begins "My dear sister" (probably referring to Sister Wilkins), Edith talks about the settling of her accounts...

http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/listing/object-205007702
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
Naar boven
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