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8 september

 
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Hauptmann



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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Sep 2006 18:24    Onderwerp: 8 september Reageer met quote

1915: German airship hits central London

On September 8, 1915, a German Zeppelin commanded by Heinrich Mathy, one of the great airship commanders of World War I, hits Aldersgate in central London, killing 22 people and causing £500,000 worth of damage.

The Zeppelin, a motor-driven rigid airship, was developed by German inventor Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin in 1900. Although a French inventor had built a power-driven airship several decades before, the von Zeppelin-designed rigid dirigible, with its steel framework, was by far the largest airship ever constructed. However, in the case of the zeppelin, size was exchanged for safety, as the heavy steel-framed airships were vulnerable to explosion because they had to be lifted by highly flammable hydrogen gas instead of non-flammable helium gas.

The Germans enjoyed great success with the Zeppelin over the course of 1915 and 1916, terrorizing the skies over the British Isles. The first Zeppelin attack on London came on May 31, 1915; it killed 28 people and wounded 60 more. By May 1916, the Germans had killed a total of 550 Britons with aerial bombing.

One of the best-known Zeppelin pilots was Heinrich Mathy, born in 1883 in Mannheim, Germany. Flying his famed airship L13 on September 8, 1915, Mathy dropped his bombs on the Aldersgate area of central London, causing great damage by fire and killing 22 people.

The following summer, Mathy piloted a new Zeppelin, the L31 in more attacks on London on the night of August 24-25, 1916. His ship was damaged upon landing; while he was waiting for repairs to be made, Mathy received word that the British had managed for the first time to shoot down a Zeppelin, using incendiary bullets. Shortly after that, Mathy wrote pessimistically: "It is only a question of time before we join the rest. Everyone admits that they feel it. Our nerves are ruined by mistreatment. If anyone should say that he was not haunted by visions of burning airships, then he would be a braggart." True to his prediction, Mathy’s L31 was shot down during a raid on London on the night of October 1-2, 1916. He is buried in Staffordshire, in a cemetery constructed for the burial of Germans killed on British soil during both World Wars.


http://www.history.com/
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Hauptmann



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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Sep 2006 18:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Die Nachrichten vom

1914
Kaiser Wilhelm II. an den Präsidenten Wilson
Die Festung Maubeuge gefallen
Die Kriegsanleihe

1915
Wolkowysk genommen
Russischer Rückzug hinter die Ikwa

1916
Türken an der Dobrudschafront
Erfolgreiche Luftangriffe an der Ostseeküste
Neue Kämpfe in Siebenbürgen

1917
Vergeblicher französischer Sturmangriff bei Verdun
Infanteriekämpfe an der Straße Menin-Ypern
Fliegerangriffe auf das deutsche Heimatgebiet

1918
Überall in den neuen Stellungen

http://www.stahlgewitter.com/#chronik
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Finnbar
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Sep 2011 6:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

SEPTEMBER 8, 1914

The First Battle of the Marne - The Far Northwestern Front.
==Joffre orders Maunoury to send his exhausted cavalry to outflank the right wing of Kluck’s 1st Army [early] - an attempt by Maunoury’s 6th Army to turn the far right wing of the German 1st Army bogs down [by early afternoon] - Maunoury’s center takes Etrépilly only after heavy loss; the Moroccans on his right take Vareddes and drive the Germans across the Marne - Gallieni and Maunoury reluctantly agree that 6th Army has failed to break the German right and must go on the defensive [afternoon] - Maunoury informs Joffre that 6th Army’s counteroffensive has failed [evening] - Kluck and his staff are attacked by French dragoons, but drive them off with rifle fire [evening]

The First Battle of the Marne - The BEF and Northwestern Fronts.
==OHL finally becomes aware of the dangerous gap that’s developed between the German 1st and 2nd Armies [morning] and calls in troops from Antwerp and Maubeuge to fill it - the left flank of French 5th Army advances slowly toward Montmirail [afternoon] - after clashing with the German 1st Army at the Petit Morin, the BEF begins to cross the river [200.PM], reaching the south bank of the Marne after a cautious advance [evening] - OHL staff officer Hentsch reaches 2nd Army’s headquarters (see OHL below): Bülow warns that his right is about to give way and recommends that 1st and 2nd Armies retreat before it’s too late [evening] - French 5th Army’s left wing takes Marchais-en-Brie in hard fighting [late evening], turning the right flank of the German 2nd Army: the German right wing is temporarily in grave danger

The First Battle of the Marne - The Central Front.
==A powerful surprise attack by Hausen’s 3rd Army [300.AM] drives back the right wing of Foch’s 9th Army and takes Fère Champenoise - the French right wing steadies and holds off attacks by 3rd Army [midmorning]; fierce fighting at Fère Champenoise - Foch barely holds off strong attacks on his center [from noon]; French 9th Army is badly mauled
==French 4th and 3rd Armies hold off renewed German attacks - the German Crown Prince’s 5th Army attacks the small French fort at Troyon [morning] to Sep 12, attempting to cut off Verdun from the east

The First Battle of the Marne - Lorraine.
==Moltke finally calls off Rupprecht’s offensive in Lorraine
==The French retake Ste Genevieve north of Nancy, finding the village strewn with 2000 German corpses

The First Battle of the Marne - French Headquarters (GQG).
==Joffre issues Special Number Order 19 [700.PM], changing the his main effort from his far left to the Marne: 6th Army is ordered to hold, and the BEF and 5th Army are to advance north to split the German right

The First Battle of the Marne - German Headquarters (OHL).
==The bewildered Moltke sends staff officer Hentsch to visit the German Armies and ascertain the situation [1100.AM] (see Northwestern Fronts above)


===> http://cnparm.home.texas.net/Wars/Marne/Marne05.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 06 Sep 2012 20:46    Onderwerp: The 1st Battalion Middlesex Regiment, 8 September 1914 Reageer met quote

The Battle of the Marne, 7th-10th September 1914

8th September 1914


On the night of the 8th both the 1st and IInd Corps crossed the Petit Morin, the IIIrd Corps remained south of the river, the head of the 4th Division at Le Corbier and the 19th Infantry Brigade at Signy-Signets. The 1st Middlesex, of the latter, had moved out of La Haute Maison at 3.30 a.m. to take up positions for an attack on the high ground about Pierre Levee; the Battalion held the centre of the line, with the Cameronians on the right and the R.W. Fusiliers on the left. The enemy had, however, withdrawn during the night, and the Brigade moved on towards Signy-Signets, the 1st Middlesex as advanced guard.

On reaching the high ground immediately S. of Signy-Signets, large forces of the enemy's infantry were seen retiring N.N.W., though too far off for the guns to reach them, but hostile cavalry were nearer and to the east of the general line of retirement. It was fairly evident that the enemy held the line of the Marne River. The 1st Battalion, however, moved forward in a northerly direction along the road which divides Signy from Signets, until the high ground overlooking the Marne was reached. Here the Battalion deployed, but scarcely had the Middlesex got into position when heavy shell fire was opened on them, the shells falling principally on the line of the road along which the Battalion advanced. This fire caught the Battalion First-line Transport, killing nine horses and riddling a water cart with shrapnel. The Battalion must also have been under considerable shell fire, for three N.C.Os. and other ranks were killed and some thirty wounded. The Middlesex men, however, remained in possession of the high ground, and later the Royal Welsh Fusiliers moved down towards La Ferté, where skirmishes with the enemy took place. On British guns coming into action, the enemy's artillery was more or less silenced. The high ground was held by the Middlesex throughout the night of the 8th-9th without incident, but rifle and artillery fire was heard on the right flank, where the 12th Brigade (4th Division) was attacking La Ferté in order to gain the Marne crossings. The 1st Battalion apparently bivouacked on the positions taken up, Headquarters billeting in Signy-Signets.

http://freespace.virgin.net/howard.anderson/marne1914.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 07 Sep 2012 22:02    Onderwerp: On This Day - 8 September 1914 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 8 September 1914

Western Front

Battle of the Marne (continued). Germans forced back over the river. General Foch's decisive move.

Nancy vainly attacked.

Troyon bombarded.

Eastern Front

Galicia: Fierce battle round Rava Russka.

Mikolajow (Carpathians) captured by Brusilov's army.

Naval and Overseas Operations

The "Oceanic" wrecked off north coast of Scotland.

Political, etc.

Mr. Lloyd George: Speech on the need for economy.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1914_09_08.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 07 Sep 2012 22:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

On This Day - 8 September 1915

Western Front

Renewed German offensive in Argonne; Allies bomb Ostend, Nesle, Metz, etc.; Zeppelin raid east counties and London, 20 killed, 86 wounded.

Eastern Front

Great Russian victory at Tarnopol and Trembovia (Sereth), 8,000 prisoners.

Battle of Vilna proceeding.

Southern Front

Italians assume offensive in Cadore (Dolom.), but are repulsed at Doberdo (Carso).

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

Situation at Ispahan reported threatening.

Naval and Overseas Operations

French auxiliary cruiser "Indien" torpedoed off Rhodes.

Political, etc.

Secret Socialist Meeting at Berne; French socialists refused participation.

British Admiralty Air Department re-organised.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1915_09_08.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 07 Sep 2012 22:06    Onderwerp: On This Day - 8 September 1916 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 8 September 1916


Western Front

Somme, enemy attack French, Berny to south of Chaulnes, no success.

From Vermandovillers to Chaulnes, Germans make four massed attacks; the French take 200 prisoners.

Marschall von Hindenburg reported visiting Western Front for first time.

Naval and Overseas Operations

British naval aeroplanes bomb aerodrome at St. Denis Westrem (5 miles west of Ghent).


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1916_09_08.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 07 Sep 2012 22:08    Onderwerp: On This Day - 8 September 1917 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 8 September 1917


Western Front

Verdun: French attack on Meuse front and sieze Fosses, Caurieres and Chaume Woods and 800 prisoners.

Eastern Front

General Kornilov dismissed; General Kemborski appointed Commander-in-Chief.

Owing to misunderstanding with M. Kerenski, General Kornilov marches on Petrograd.

Naval and Overseas Operations

Enemy H.Q. at Mahenge threatened by Belgian troops from north.

Enemy retreats towards Liwale, 120 miles south-west of Kilwa.

German positions occupied by British at Mponda's, south of Mahenge.

Political, etc.

Russian Government re-imposes death penalty everywhere for treason, desertion and cowardice.

British Food Controller fixes price of milk for three months after October at 8d. per quart.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1917_09_08.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 07 Sep 2012 22:09    Onderwerp: On This Day - 8 September 1918 Reageer met quote

On This Day - 8 September 1918


Western Front

Enemy show increased resistance.

Violent fighting north and east of St. Simon.

Avesnes lost and re-taken by French, who also take Artemps, Happencourt, Fluquieres, Vaux and gain ground both sides of Oise river.

Over 19,000 prisoners taken by British in past week. Over 150,000 taken by Allies since 18 July.

Eastern Front

Representatives of neutral countries make strong protest against the wholesale arrests and executions carried out in Russia.

Junction of the Czecho-Slovaks at Olovyanna in Siberia with other Czech forces from the east.


http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1918_09_08.htm
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Sep 2017 8:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De Soldatencourant. Orgaan voor Leger en Vloot - 8 september 1915

https://krantenbankzeeland.nl/issue/sco/1915-09-08/edition/0/page/2
_________________

"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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Percy Toplis



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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Sep 2017 8:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Zimmerwaldconferentie (5-8 september 1915) - WAT IS DE BETEKENIS & DEFINITIE

Een bijeenkomst van socialisten uit verschillende Europese landen in een kleine stad in Zwitserland.

Het initiatief tot de conferentie was uitgegaan van de Italiaanse socialistische partij. De conferentie was bedoeld om de Tweede Internationale te vernieuwen en een einde te maken aan de Eerste Wereldoorlog, die ervoor had gezorgd dat de socialisten de kant van hun regeringen hadden gekozen, waardoor de internationale samenwerking was stukgelopen.

Tijdens de bijeenkomst bleken de aanwezigen niet eensgezind. Eén groep stelde de onmiddellijke beëindiging van de oorlog voor, zonder annexaties. De tweede groep, die onder leiding stond van Vladimir Lenin, hoopte dat de oorlog tussen de landen zou worden omgezet in een oorlog tussen de klassen en pleitte daarom juist voor voortzetting van de oorlog. Hoewel Lenin in maart 1918 de Vrede van Brest-Litovsk sloot, bleef hij tot zijn dood hopen op het uitbreken van de wereldrevolutie.

De Zimmerwaldconferentie bleek weinig effect te hebben op andere socialisten. In 1916 werd de conferentie in het Zwitserse Kiental hervat.

https://www.ensie.nl/liek-mulder/zimmerwaldconferentie-5-8-september-1915
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Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005
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