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5 september

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2006 7:41    Onderwerp: 5 september Reageer met quote

Der Weltkrieg am 5. September 1914


Die Räumung Lembergs

Kriegspressequartier, 5. Septbr. (Priv.-Tel.)
Die österreichisch-ungarische Hauptarmee hat Lemberg und seine Umgebung geräumt, nicht nur weil dort die militärische Verteidigung Schwierigkeiten bietet, sondern auch weil die Behauptung dieses Punktes bei der allgemeinen strategischen Lage nicht mehr vorteilhaft erschien. Dabei spielte auch die Rücksicht mit, daß der Stadt eine durch strategische Notwendigkeiten keineswegs gerechtfertigte Beschießung durch die russische Artillerie erspart werden soll.
Die von der österreichischen Armeeleitung verfügte Räumung Lembergs war in der Nacht vom 3. auf den 4. September, von den Russen unbemerkt, beendet worden. Die Russen beschossen nämlich die verlassenen Positionen noch am 4. September während einiger Stunden. Jetzt ist wenigstens auf dem ostgalizischen Kriegsschauplatz die den Grenzkämpfen folgende Phase zu einem gewissen Abschluß gelangt.
Im großen und ganzen kann gesagt werden, daß in der Zeit vom 24. August bis zum heutigen Tage längs der ganzen ungeheuren Front, von der Weichsel bis zum Dnjestr, mit Aufbietung aller verfügbaren Kräfte, beiderseits hartnäckig gekämpft wurde. Wenige Tage ohne große Gefechte sind in diesen zwei blutigen Wochen zu verzeichnen, und auch sie dienten nur der Möglichkeit erneuter Kämpfe.
Der österreichische westliche Flügel und seine nach und nach auftretenden Verlängerungen gegen den Bug schreiten in derselben Zeit ungefähr in demselben Maße vorwärts, in welchem die österreichischen Ostarmeen weichen. Ich vermeide das verrufene Wort der "Rückwärtskonzentrierung", obwohl es hier wirklich am Platze wäre. Der Effekt dieser sehr interessanten Operation ist die zunehmende Totalschwenkung der ganzen Riesenfront aus anfänglich südöstlich verlaufender Richtung in eine mehr nordsüdliche, bei gleichzeitiger Verkürzung. Ein aufmerksamer Blick auf die Karte ergibt die strategischen Vorteile, die sich bei der jetzt geschaffenen Lage anstreben und vielleicht auswerten ließen, und manch anregende Kombination.
Die angriffsweisen Kämpfe der Österreicher und Ungarn gegen stark befestigte vorbereitete Stellungen um Lublin dauern fort. Um Lemberg herrscht auch heute volle Ruhe. Beide Armeen sind daselbst in Retablierung nach den achttägigem Kämpfen.
Die Schlacht bei Komarow spielte sich zum Teil auf einem Artillerieschießplatz der Russen ab, ein für diese günstiger Umstand.
Die Kämpfe um Lublin werden auch heute fortgesetzt. 2)


Siegreiches Gefecht der Österreicher gegen die Montenegriner

Wien, 5. Septbr. (W. B. Nichtamtlich.)
Aus dem Kriegspressequartier wird amtlich gemeldet:
Das Armeeoberkommando hat heute folgenden Befehl erlassen:
Die im Grenzraume von Avtovac stehende dritte Gebirgsbrigade hatte schon vor kurzer Zeit einen schneidigen Einbruch auf montenegrinisches Gebiet unternommen, der von Erfolg gekrönt war. Nach kurzer Zeit der Ruhe unternahm diese tapfere kleine Schar am 30. August neuerlich einen Vorstoß gegen die vor Bileca stehenden, an Zahl überlegenen montenegrinischen Streitkräfte. In heldenmütigen mehrtägigen Kämpfen gelang es der unter dem Kommando des Generalmajors Heinrich von Pongracz stehenden tapferen Brigade, die Montenegriner unter großen Verlusten zurückzuwerfen und ihnen ein schweres Geschütz abzunehmen, sowie die hart bedrängte Grenzbefestigung von Bileca völlig zu befreien. Ich betrachte es als Ehrenpflicht, diese von Heldenmut und Opferfreudigkeit zeugenden Taten der tapferen dritten Gebirgsbrigade allen Kommandos und Truppen sofort mit dem Beifügen bekannt zu geben, daß ich selbstverständlich nicht ermangele, diese Ruhmestaten unserer Kameraden im Süden Seiner Majestät alleruntertänigst zu melden.

gez. Erzherzog Friedrich,
General der Infanterie.2)


Die Wahrheit über Löwen

Frankfurt, 5. September.
Das deutsche Konsulat in Rotterdam hat dem "Nieuwe Rotterdamsche Courant" folgendes Telegramm des Ministeriums der auswärtigen Angelegenheiten zu Berlin vom 30. August mitgeteilt:
Die Obrigkeit hatte die Stadt Löwen übergeben. Montag den 24. August begann in Löwen das Einquartieren der Truppen, und der Verkehr mit den Einwohnern wurde freundschaftlich. Dienstag den 25. August nachmittags rückten auf den Bericht von einem zu erwartenden Ausfall Truppen gegen Antwerpen aus. Der Kommandierende General begab sich in einem Auto nach der Front. Bloß Abteilungen des Landwehrbataillons Neuß für die Eisenbahnbewachung blieben zurück. Als der zweite Teil des Generalkommandos dem kommandierenden General zu Pferde folgen wollte und auf dem Markt antrat, wurde aus den rundum stehenden Häusern geschossen.
Alle Pferde wurden getötet und fünf Offiziere verwundet, einer davon schwer. Zu gleicher Zeit wurde in ungefähr zehn anderen Stadtteilen geschossen, ebenso auf Soldaten, die gerade am Bahnhof angekommen waren, und auf einen ankommenden Militärzug. An einem vorher verabredeten Zusammengehen mit dem Ausfall aus Antwerpen ist nicht zu zweifeln. Zwei Priester waren bei der Verteilung von Patronen zugegen. Der Straßenkampf dauerte bis Mittwoch den 26. August nachmittags, wo es der inzwischen angekommenen Verstärkung gelang, Herr der Situation zu werden. Die Stadt und die nördliche Vorstadt standen an verschiedenen Orten in Brand und sind jetzt wahrscheinlich abgebrannt.
Von der belgischen Regierung war dieser allgemeine Volksaufstand gegen den anrückenden Feind schon lange vorbereitet; Waffendepots waren eingerichtet, in denen jedes Gewehr mit dem Namen des Bürgers versehen war, der damit bewaffnet werden sollte.
Ein spontaner Volksaufstand ist auf das Verlangen einiger kleiner Staaten auf der Haager Konferenz als völkerrechtlich angenommen worden, wenn die Waffen sichtbar getragen und die Kriegsgesetze befolgt werden, doch bloß, wenn es gilt, einem heranziehenden Feind entgegenzurücken. In diesem Fall hatte die Stadt sich aber bereits übergeben und die Bevölkerung dadurch also von weiterem Widerstand abgesehen; die Stadt war durch unsere Truppen bereits besetzt. Trotzdem fiel die Bevölkerung die Besatzung und die ankommenden Truppen, welche, durch eine anscheinend freundliche Haltung irregeführt, in Zügen und Autos ankamen, von allen Seiten an und es wurde ein mörderisches Feuer auf sie eröffnet. Das war also kein erlaubte Kriegslist, sondern eine verräterische Überrumpelung durch die bürgerliche Bevölkerung, ein um so verwerflicherer Überfall, als dieser früher schon vereinbart war und gleichzeitig mit dem Ausfall aus Antwerpen statthaben sollte.
Die Waffen wurden nicht sichtbar getragen, Frauen und junge Mädchen nahmen an dem Gefecht teil und stachen den Verwundeten die Augen aus.
Das barbarische Auftreten der belgischen Bevölkerung in fast allen von uns besetzten Teilen des Landes hat uns nicht allein das Recht zu strengen Maßregeln gegeben, sondern uns im Interesse der Selbsterhaltung dazu gezwungen. Der intensive Widerstand der Bevölkerung geht auch daraus hervor, daß in Löwen mehr als 24 Stunden zur Unterdrückung des Aufstandes nötig waren.
Daß bei diesen Gefechten ein großer Teil der Stadt zerstört worden ist, tut uns selbst leid, solche Folgen lagen selbstredend nicht in unserer Absicht, können aber bei dem schändlichen gegen uns geführten Franktireur-Krieg nicht vermieden werden. Wer den gutmütigen Charakter unserer Truppen kennt, wird nicht im Ernst behaupten können, daß sie zu unnötiger oder sogar mutwilliger Vernichtung geneigt seien.
Die ganze Verantwortung für das Geschehene trägt die belgische Bevölkerung, die sich selbst außerhalb von Recht und Gesetz gestellt, und die belgische Regierung, die mit verbrecherischer Leichtfertigkeit die Bevölkerung mit Anweisungen dem Völkerrecht zum Trotz versehen und zum Widerstand angetrieben hat und die auch nach unseren erneuten Warnungen nach dem Fall Lüttichs nichts getan hat, um sie zu einem friedlicheren Verhalten anzuspornen.

Die "Frankfurter Zeitung" schrieb dazu:
Die Veröffentlichung einer amtlichen deutschen Darstellung der Vorgänge in Löwen wird überall mit Genugtuung begrüßt werden, wo Lüge und Verleumdung nicht zum Beruf oder zur nationalen Notwendigkeit geworden sind, um die eigene Schande zu verdecken. Das Ziel des amtlichen Berichts ist das Ausland und besonders die uns umgebenden neutralen Staaten. Das zeigt die Form der Veröffentlichung. Die wenig schmeichelhafte Kritik, die das Vorgehen unserer Truppen in Löwen in einem Teil der ausländischen Presse gefunden hat, macht es begreiflich, daß wir Deutsche eine amtliche Erklärung mit Ungeduld erwartet haben. Das Schriftstück kann seine Wirkung im Ausland nicht verfehlen, denn durch die Erfahrungen dieses Feldzuges weiß man dort, daß inmitten all des Ekels von Trug und Lüge, die unsere Grenzen umgeben, das deutsche Wort sich stets als wahr und rein erwiesen hat. Für uns Deutsche aber, für unser eigenes Urteil über das furchtbare Strafgericht von Löwen, das wir als ein unvermeidliches Unglück beklagen, ist die amtliche Bestätigung, daß die schweren Anklagen, die man gegen uns gerichtet hat, unbegründet sind und daß unsere deutschen Truppen bei der Niederwerfung eines gemeinen und schamlosen Überfalls so gehandelt haben, wie sie handeln mußten, eine große Erleichterung und Beruhigung. Wohl hatten wir immer die Zuversicht und die feste Überzeugung, daß unsere Söhne und Brüder auch in dem Wahnsinn des Krieges und in der berechtigten Erbitterung über die Greuel eines Volkes, dessen entmenschte Frauen, Männer und Kinder unsere Verwundeten in der entsetzlichsten Weise verstümmelt haben, niemals es übers Herz bringen könnten, mit den Schuldigen auch die Unschuldigen so schwer leiden zu lassen, wie es in Löwen tatsächlich geschehen ist, wenn sie es wirklich vermeiden können. Aber doch erschienen die Folgen des Strafgerichts so ungeheuer, daß man danach verlangte, durch eine offene Erklärung der deutschen Behörden das ausdrücklich bestätigt zu erhalten, woran man sicher glaubte: daß wir frei von Schuld sind. Das amtliche Schriftstück spricht für sich selbst. Bedarf es noch anderer Beweise für die Schuld der belgischen Behörden und der Einwohner von Löwen, wenn man liest, daß Waffendepots in Löwen bestanden, "in denen jedes Gewehr mit dem Namen des Bürgers versehen war, der damit bewaffnet werden sollte". Muß nicht jedes Mitleid verstummen, wenn man hört, daß "Frauen und junge Mädchen an dem Gefecht teilgenommen und den Verwundeten die Augen ausgestochen" haben? Und kann noch jemand den Mut haben, den deutschen Soldaten die Zerstörungen, die angerichtet worden sind, zum Vorwurf zu machen, wo feststeht daß unsere Truppen, die doch wahrlich zu kämpfen verstehen, vierundzwanzig Stunden lang schwer haben fechten müssen, um den Aufruhr in den Straßen und Häusern niederzuwerfen?


Deutsche Kriegsgefangene in Südafrika

London, 5. Septbr. (W. B. Nichtamtlich.)
Das Reutersche Bureau meldet aus Kapstadt: Etwa achthundert deutsche und österreichische Reservisten werden in einem besonderen Lager bei Johannesburg als Kriegsgefangene zurückgehalten. Der Prinz von Salm-Salm und andere Offiziere erhielten besondere Quartiere in Bloemfontein. 2)


Die Stimmung in Konstantinopel

Konstantinopel, 5. Septbr. (W. B. Nichtamtlich.)
Die österreichisch-ungarische und die deutsche Kolonie sowie das türkische Publikum nahmen die Nachrichten von dem Siege der österreichisch-ungarischen Waffen mit großer Freude auf.

Konstantinopel, 5. Septbr. (W. B.)
Die jüngst erlassene Bekanntmachung des Marineministeriums setzt die verbotene Zone am Eingang des Rumeli-Feuers bis Messarburnu bei Bujukdene, also in einer Länge von etwa 10 Kilometern fest. Hieraus geht hervor, daß die anfänglich verhältnismäßig enge Minenzone bedeutend erweitert ist. Die Militärverwaltung läßt durch Trommelschlag die Reservisten und den nicht ausgebildeten Landsturm bis zum 45. Lebensjahr auffordern, von heute ab einzurücken. 2)



Der 1. Weltkrieg im September 1914




Textquellen:
1) Amtliche Kriegs-Depeschen nach Berichten des Wolff´schen Telegr.-Bureaus
Band 1
Nationaler Verlag, Berlin (1915)

2) "Frankfurter Zeitung" (1914)



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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2010 11:41    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of the Ourcq River, 5-9 September 1914

The battle of the Ourcq River, 5-9 September 1914 (First World War) was part of the wider First Battle of the Marne (zie hieronder). The German 1st Army, under von Kluck, made up the right wing of the great German advance into France. By the start of September it was moving south, just to the east of Paris, as part of the German advance that threatened to envelope the French armies to the east. However, a gap was beginning to develop between the 1st and 2nd Armies. This gap would be the target of the great Allied counterattack on the Marne and the threat it posed to the German 2nd Army would play a major part in the German decision to retreat.

The extreme right flank of the German advance was protected by the German IV Reserve Corps under General von Gronau. The French command-in-chief, General Joffre, planned to concentrate against the 1st army. Part of that plan would involve an attack by the French 6th Army under General Maunoury, with support from General Gallieni, the military governor of Paris, against the exposed flank of von Kluck’s 1st army.

The battle of the Ourcq did not go entirely to plan. Von Gronau detected the French advance on 5 September, and launched a counterattack that delayed the French attack and allowed von Kluck to move his II Corps north west, from its position south of the Marne to one west of the Ourcq. Over the next three days the rest of the 1st Army would follow. The French were now attacked a major German formation and not the reserve corps they had expected to be facing. Maunoury’s Sixth Army found itself outnumbered and in danger of being enveloped. It was this battle that saw the famous incident in which reinforcements were rushed to the front from Paris in taxi cabs.

By the end of 8 September, von Kluck was ready to launch his own counterattack on his right flank. An initial attack by the IX Corps under General von Quast achieved some local success and even appeared to threaten Paris. However, the situation further along the German line was not so promising. As von Kluck had moved west onto the Ourcq, the gap between the 1st and 2nd armies was forty miles wide. Allied troops, amongst the BEF, were advancing into the gap.

The commander of the 2nd army, General von Bülow, felt that his position was dangerously exposed. On 8 September Moltke dispatched a staff officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Hentsch, to investigate the real situation at the front. He had agreed with von Bülow’s views, and recommended a withdrawal back behind the Marne. On 9 September, von Bülow learnt that four enemy columns were marching through the gap toward the Marne and decided to order a retreat. Once the 2nd army was on the move, von Kluck had no choice but to follow. Over the next five days the Germans pulled back from the Marne to the Aisne.

The fighting on the Ourcq had failed to achieve its initial objective, to outflank the German 1st Army, but by drawing von Kluck north west when he should have been moving south it helped to create the fatal gap in the German line that helped create the miracle of the Marne.

http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_ourcq.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2010 11:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

First Battle of the Marne, 5-10 September 1914 (France)

One of the key battles of the First World War. The chance for an allied victory was set up by poor communications between the various German commanders, and poor scouting. General Kluck, in command of the German First Army, thought that he had knocked the BEF out of the war, and that the French troops he encountered on his right were merely scattered survivors. Neither was true - the French troops were the newly formed French Sixth Army under General Maunoury, being assembled in the fortifications of Paris, while the BEF under Sir John French was still intact and facing him to the south east of Paris. Moreover, the German Second Army under General Bulow was hard pressed, and requested assistance from Kluck. Moltke gave permission for Kluck to swing to the south east, swinging east of Paris, still unaware of the French armies forming in Paris, thinking that things were still going to plan, with the French about to be encircled.
This allowed Joffre to implement a new plan for a counterattack. This was to be carried out along a large section of the front, with the aim of cutting off the right wing of the German armies. The allied counterattack came as a total surprise to the Germans. On 5 September, the French sixth army started their attack, but Kluck still didn't realise what was happening, and kept moving south over the Marne against the BEF. Only on 7 September did he realise the danger his army was in from the French flank attack, and had to move his troops back across the Marne, where they launched a vicious counter attack against the French, who were in part saved by reinforcements famously ferried by taxi from Paris by General Gallieni. Meanwhile, the rest of the battle started to turn against the Germans. Kluck's movement north left him vulnerable to the BEF, and also created a gap between his and Bulow's army, still moving south. This allowed Franchet d'Esperey, commanding the French Fifth Army, to turn Bulow's right flank. On 9 September, both Bulow and Kluck decided to retreat, moving back to the line of the River Aisne. At the height of the battle, German troops had reached within 23 miles of Paris, although they never reached the formidable fortifications of the city. The Battle of the Marne ended any chance of a quick German victory; gained Joffre a reputation as the saviour of France, and saw Moltke replaced by Falkenhayn as chief of the German General Staff.

Rickard, J. (18 March 2001), First Battle of the Marne, 5-10 September 1914, http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_marne1st.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2010 11:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1st Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment

By the 5th September 1914 the Retreat from Mons was over. In a little orchard on the outskirts of Tournant, 18 kilometres from Paris, the 1st Battalion's depleted force came to a stop. The Battalion was in good spirits, despite their losses, as a result of the valuable few days of rest, and the turn back northwards, which had begun on 6th September was reported to be welcomed by all ranks.

The northward push involved three strongly disputed river crossings which collectively became know as the Battle of the Marne. The 1st Battalion was hardly involved in any of these river struggles and actually crossed the Marne at Saacy.

Lees verder op http://grandadswar.mrallsophistory.com/sept_died.html
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The Accrington Pals | River Warnave, 5th September 1918

The fifth and last German offensive of 1918, a two-pronged attack delivered astride Rheims, was brought to a halt on 17th July. The tide turned decisively at Amiens on 8th August when Australian and Canadian infantry of the British 4th Army, covered by over 500 tanks, drove through the German lines to a depth of 6 to 8 miles. Throughout August the Allies gradually recovered the ground lost since 21st March, taking 150,000 prisoners, 2,000 field guns and 13,000 machine guns in the process.

After the success at La Becque, the 11th East Lancashire Regt. (Accrington Pals) remained stationed in the vicinity of Aval Wood throughout July and much of August; towards the end of this period, patrols succeeded in capturing several enemy posts and advanced the line by about 200 yards.

After a spell in Divisional Reserve, 92nd Brigade1 took over the front line between Ploegsteert and Nieppe on the night of 3rd/4th September.

At 8.35am on 4th September, patrols from the 10th East Yorkshire Regt. began to push towards the River Warnave on a frontage of 2,000 yards. On the right, "B" Company was unable to make any headway as enemy machine gun fire swept across the open, flat countryside. Despite the absence of any artillery support, some degree of success was achieved on the left and centre of the attack where "C" and "D" Companies had advanced the front line to around 500 yards east of le Rossignol and Gravier by 11am. A further attack was sent in at 3pm but was soon called off in the face of strong enemy opposition.

The 11th East Lancashires took over the line during the night and at 4.30am on 5th September patrols were sent out to probe the enemy's defences in front of the River Warnave. By noon, Pontceau and Oosthove Farm had been occupied on the right and in the centre while on the left the enemy had been driven out of Riga Farm. Further progress was prevented by heavy machine gun fire from the farms and enclosures 400 yards (370m) west of Soyer Farm.

The attack was renewed at 5pm under cover of a creeping barrage, the platoon occupying Riga Farm having first been withdrawn in order to allow the barrage to move on a north-south line. "Z" Company attacked on the left with "Y" Company in the centre and "X" Company less two platoons on the right. The first waves moved forward as soon as the barrage fell. At the same time, heavy enemy machine machine gun fire broke out from the right flank. The two platoons of "X" Company encountered thick wire almost immediately and lost touch with "Y" Company when mounting casualties brought them to a halt. Elsewhere the enemy quickly abandoned their forward positions, making a moderate stand 200 yards to the rear, especially at Soyer Farm where 10 prisoners and a machine gun were taken after coming under enfilade fire from a Lewis gun team commanded by Cpl. Robert Walmsley.2 Supported by Lewis gun fire, "Y" and "Z" Companies reached the line of the River Warnave by 5.40pm and attempted to consolidate. Sgt. Roger Ireland won the Military Medal here, having led his company forward to its objective after all its officers had become casualties.3

The gap between "X" and "Y" Companies had not been closed when the enemy swiftly counter-attacked up the Pavé Fruet and gradually worked around the right flank of "Y" Company killing or capturing the whole of the right platoon. The remainder of "Y" Company fell back to the line of the rue Sainte-Marie but there held firm, driving back the enemy with Lewis gun and rifle fire. Some 20 prisoners and two machine guns had been captured in the day. At least 1 officer and 28 other ranks of the 11th East Lancashires lost their lives; 3 officers are reported to have been taken prisoner in the battle: 2/Lt. Harold Duckworth Walmsley, 2/Lt. John Marshall and 2/Lt. Thomas Crook Atkinson. Among other ranks taken prisoner was Pte. Albert Duxbury.

As the battalion handed over the line to the 11th East Yorkshire Regt. during the night of 5th/6th September, Soyer Farm slipped back into enemy hands. The loss of the farm was to prove costly, as it held out against repeated attacks by the 11th and 10th East Yorkshires on the 6th and 7th.

The East Lancashires occupied the front line on three more days before being withdrawn to Divisional reserve north of Hazebrouck on the 13th. The battalion then remained at Hazebrouck until the 24th when it was again moved forward in preparation for an attack at Ploegsteert Wood.

The Battlefield Today
From the crossroads in Ploegsteert, take the N365 south towards Armentières. After 0.6 mile, turn right onto the rue de l'Oosthove (Oosthovestraat). Turn right at the T-junction, and stop where the road crosses the narrow River Warnave. This is the road along which the German counter-attack was directed. The collection of red-brick farm buildings directly to the north are on the site of Soyer Farm. A good impression can be had from this point of how exposed the battalions of 92nd Brigade would have been been as they advanced across this open and flat terrain. Continue over the river and turn right on to the rue Sainte-Marie (Sint-Mariastraat) at the next T-junction. It was to the line of the rue Sainte-Marie that the 11th East Lancashires fell back in the face of the German counter-attack. The road leads back to the N365, a short distance south of the Ploegsteert crossroads.

Return to the crossroads, and turn left. After 1.5 miles (2.5km), a diversion can be made down the narrow lane to the left to Oosthove Farm (0.9 mile, 1.5km). On reaching the hamlet of Romarin (0.3 mile, 450m), turn left and then immediately right. The road passes Pont d'Achelles Military Cemetery (0.9 mile, 1.5km) before meeting the D933; 9 men of the 11th East Lancashires are buried here, at least 7 of them casualties of an unrecorded action on 12th September 1918. Turn right on to the D933, then immediately left on to the D77 to reach Trois Arbres Cemetery (signposted); 10 men of the 11th East Lancashires killed on 5th September 1918 are buried here.

Notes
1. 92nd Brigade (31st Division) at this time comprised the 11th East Lancashire Regt., 10th East Yorkshire Regt. (Hull Commercials) and 11th East Yorkshire Regt. (Hull Tradesmen).
2. Cpl. Walmsley, a 24-year-old railway clerk from Turton, was awarded the Military Medal for this action; the citation reads:
"During the operations on Sept. 5th, 1918, south of Ploegsteert, this N.C.O., by showing great initiative, worked round an occupied farm with his Lewis gun team, and by getting enfilade fire on the enemy, considerably assisted in the capture of the objective. He cleared a way for the advance of the left flank, which was temporarily held up. After reaching the objective he took forward his gun team to cover the work of consolidation, successfully dealing with several enemy snipers."
29485 Cpl. Robert Walmsley was killed in action little more than three weeks later at Ploegsteert Wood, and lies buried in Underhill Farm Cemetery.
3. The citation for Sgt. Ireland's Military Medal reads:
"During the attack east of Steenwerck, on 5 September 1918, Sergeant Ireland, seeing that the platoon had lost its officers, at once took charge and led the men to the objective in the face of heavy artillery and machine gun fire. Before the objective was reached all the officers of his company had become casualties, and Ireland took charge of the company. He led them forward, and in spite of fierce opposition gained his objective, although few of his company remained. He personally supervised the consolidation of the position, walking about on the top regardless of personal danger, and in the face of a heavy barrage, cheering up and inspiring his men. Ireland's coolness and personal bravery undoubtedly largely assisted in the success of the operation."
240852 Sgt. Roger Ireland, a native of Padiham, was to win a bar to the Military Medal at Ploegsteert Wood on 28th September 1918.


http://www.pals.org.uk/warnave.htm
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 05 Sep 2018 12:43, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2010 11:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Dendermonde 1914

Dendermonde, mijn geboorte- en woonplaats bijna een halve eeuw lang, kwam niet ongedeerd uit de Eerste Wereldoorlog. Er werd verbeten gevochten, meer dan één maand, omdat de Duitsers langs hier de Schelde wilden oversteken om zo Antwerpen in de tang te nemen en tegelijkertijd het Belgische Leger uit te schakelen. Jammer genoeg wordt de “Slag om Dendermonde 1914” in de meeste geschiedenisboeken afgedaan in enkele lijntjes, ongeveer evenveel als ik hier reeds heb neergezet.
Dendermonde verkreeg zijn bekendheid in de oorlogsgeschiedenis 1914-1918 als “Ville Martyre” samen met Dinant, Taminnes, Aarschot, Leuven en nog zo vele andere. Op 5 en 6 september 1914 wordt het stadje bijna volledig vernield door moedwillige brandstichting.
Na de oorlog werd het heropgebouwd maar verloor toch zijn charme die uitstraalde van vooroorlogse prentkaarten. Of is dit nostalgie?
Daarom wil ik dit topic opstarten, om Dendermonde 1914 uit de vergeethoek te halen, niet dat ik er hier een tweede “Ypres” van wil van maken, liever niet, het is hier kalm en rustig en daar hou ik wel van. De reden is doodsimpel, ik verzamelde en las meer dan de helft van mijn leven veel over dat stukje grond aan mijn voordeur en nu wil ik er eens werk van maken om wat zaken te noteren en te ordenen, en daar ik toch nooit een groot schrijver zal worden doe ik het hier op FEW. Zo kunnen jullie, hopelijk, wat meegenieten, wat corrigeren en met wat geluk voor mij, veel aanvullen.

Mooi topic uit eigen huis, door Paddy! http://forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=15367
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Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2010 11:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

L'Illustration No. 3732, 5 Sept 1914

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/30195/30195-h/30195-h.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2010 11:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Joffre

'Mijne heren, wij zullen slag leveren aan de Marne', houdt de opperbevelhebber van het Franse leger, generaal Joffre, zijn officieren op 5 september 1914 voor.

http://www.verzet.org/content/view/642/69/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2010 11:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1914)

2 september 1914 - “De burgemeester van Baerle-Hertog acht het dringend noodig alle vuurwapens met bijbehoorende munitie, die in het bezit zijn van niet-militaire inwoners van Baarle-Hertog, onmiddellijk te doen inleveren ten Gemeentehuize van Baerle-Hertog, behoorlijk verpakt en van een adreskaartjen voorzien. Zoodra de tijdsomstandigheden het weder gedoogen, kunnen de eigendommen weder in ontvangst genomen worden.” (Gemeentearchief Baarle-Hertog; burgemeester van Gilse, vergaderingen van het schepencollege, 1914)

5 september 1914 - De burgemeester stuurde elf geweren met bajonetten naar de bevelhebber van de gendarmerie in Weelde, evenals het geweer van tolbeambte Peeters. (Gemeentearchief Baarle-Hertog; 2.073.564 Register van Briefwisseling) Vanuit Weelde werden ze doorgezonden naar het centraal arsenaal in Antwerpen. (Gemeentearchief Baarle-Hertog; burgemeester van Gilse, nota “Baarle-Hertog”, p.1)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=187:05-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1914&catid=90:oorlog&Itemid=118
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2011 8:46    Onderwerp: The First Battle of the Marne and its Aftermath Reageer met quote

SEPTEMBER 5, 1914

Paris.
==When asked the line of retreat from in front of Paris, Gallieni replies “Nowhere;” he gives secret orders to destroy vital resources and bridges in Paris in the event of defeat

The First Battle of the Marne - The Far Northwestern Front.
==The German 1st Army reaches Claye, ten miles from Paris
==Kluck receives orders to halt and face toward Paris [715.AM], but most of 1st Army continues advancing south
==Advancing to its attack positions on the Ourcq, French 6th Army unexpectedly collides with Kluck’s right flank near St. Soupplet east of Paris [from midday]: THE FIRST BATTLE OF THE MARNE TO SEP.10: Kluck is alerted to the danger to his right wing
==Colonel Hentsch from OHL persuades Kluck to withdraw north of the Marne [evening]

The BEF Front.
==Joffre forcefully confronts the vacillating Sir John French, and exclaims “…the honor of England is at stake!”; with tears in his eyes, Sir John finally agrees to cooperate in a counteroffensive [200.PM]
==The final day of retreat by the BEF; British forces turn about and begin advancing eastwards [evening-morning of Sep.06]

The Northwestern Front.
==(to Sep.06) After a prolonged bombardment, German forces storm four of the bypassed Maubeuge forts
==An advance party of Kluck’s 1st Army reaches the Villiers-St. Georges area, a few miles north of the Seine near Provins: the furthest-south German penetration into France of World War I (or Sep.06)

The Central Front.
==Foch’s forces become fully independent of French 4th Army and are officially constituted the 9th Army

Lorraine.
==German 6th Army takes Pont-á-Mousson, north of Nancy

The First Battle of the Marne - French Headquarters (GQG).
==GQG pulls further back to Chatillon-sur-Seine - Joffre tells his staff “Gentlemen, we will fight on the Marne.” [evening], and issues a proclamation to his troops, concluding with “Under present conditions no weakness can be tolerated.”

German Headquarters (OHL).
==A General Directive from OHL details Moltke’s halt order of Sep.04 [received evening]
==Prussian War Minister Falkenhayn writes: “Only one thing is certain: our General Staff has completely lost its head.”

France.
==Noted French Catholic-socialist-patriot-poet Charles Péguy is killed in action by German rifle fire near Villeroy



===> http://cnparm.home.texas.net/Wars/Marne/Marne05.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Sep 2014 20:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Tsar Nicholas II Takes Command of Russian Armies, 5 September 1915

Reproduced below is the text of Tsar Nicholas II's official letter to Grand Duke Nikolai dated 5 September 1915. In his formal letter the Tsar thanked Nikolai - his uncle - for serving as Russian Army Commander-in-Chief; he announced however that he had now found time to take day to day control of the Russian Army.

The Tsar's decision to assume command of the Russian Army was made in spite of virtually unanimous cabinet opposition; the latter correctly feared that any setbacks the Army suffered would necessarily reflect directly upon the Tsar himself.

Tsar Nicholas II to Grand Duke Nikolai

5 September 1915

At the beginning of the war I was unavoidably prevented from following the inclination of my soul to put myself at the head of the army. That was why I entrusted you with the Commandership-in-Chief of all the land and sea forces.

Under the eyes of the whole of Russia your Imperial Highness has given proof during the war of steadfast bravery which caused a feeling of profound confidence, and called forth the sincere good wishes of all who followed your operations through the inevitable vicissitudes of fortune of war.

My duty to my country, which has been entrusted to me by God, impels me to-day, when the enemy has penetrated into the interior of the Empire, to take the supreme command of the active forces and to share with my army the fatigues of war, and to safeguard with it Russian soil from the attempts of the enemy.

The ways of Providence are inscrutable, but my duty and my desire determine me in my resolution for the good of the State.

The invasion of the enemy on the Western front necessitates the greatest possible concentration of the civil and military authorities, as well as the unification of the command in the field, and has turned our attention from the southern front.

At this moment I recognize the necessity of your assistance and counsels on our southern front, and I appoint you Viceroy of the Caucasus and Commander-in-Chief of the valiant Caucasian Army.

I express to your Imperial Highness my profound gratitude and that of the country for your labours during the war.


Source: Source Records of the Great War, Vol. III, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923
http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/russia_tsarincommand.htm

September 5, 1915 - Russian Czar Nicholas II takes personal command of the Russian Army, hoping to rally his faltering troops. Losses to the Czar's army from the Austro-German offensives in Galicia and Poland include over 1,400,000 casualties and 750,000 captured. Russia is also weakened economically by the loss of Poland's industrial and agricultural output. Additionally, the ongoing mass exodus of Russian troops and civilians from Poland, called the Great Retreat, spurs dangerous political and social unrest in Russia, undermining the rule of the Czar and his Imperial government.

http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/firstworldwar/index-1915.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Sep 2014 20:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Stadion Klarenbeek...

... was een voetbalstadion in de Nederlandse stad Arnhem. In de periode van 1896 tot en met 1915 is het de thuisbasis van Vitesse; een thuisbasis waar Vitesse zes keer kampioen wordt in de Eerste Klasse Oost. (...)

De allerlaatste voetbalwedstrijd op Klarendal is een oefenwedstrijd tegen Ajax op 5 september 1915, met een 5-5 gelijkspel als resultaat.

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klarenbeek_(stadion)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Sep 2014 20:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The New York Times, 5 september 1915

1,500,000 Armenians starve - Relief, Committee Asks Aid for Victims of Turkish Decrees.

The American Armenian Relief Fund Committee has received two letters from Constantinople describing the horrors to which the Armenian Christians in Turkey are being subjected. One letter, dated June 15, says in part:

"The Turkish Government is executing today the plan of scattering the Armenians of the Armenian provinces, profiting from the troubles of the European powers and from the acquiescence of Germany and Austria."

"These people are being removed without any of their goods and chattels, and to places where the climate is totally unsuited to them. They are left without shelter, without food, and without clothing, depending only upon the morsels of bread which the Government will throw before them, a Government which is unable even to feed its own troops."

"It is impossible to read or to hear, without shedding tears, even the meager details of these deportations. Most of the families have traveled on foot, old men and children have died on the way, young women in child-birth have been left on mountain passes, and at least ten deaths a day are recorded among them even in their place of exile victims of hunger and sickness. It has not been possible as yet to forward any help to Sultanieh, owing to the interdiction of the Government, in spite of the efforts of the American Ambassador, whose philanthropic and generous endeavors in aid of the Armenians are gratefully acknowledged."

The second letter, dated July 12 says:

"The condition of the Armenians is extremely aggravated since my last letter. It is not the Armenian population of Cilicia only which has been deported wholesale and exiled to the deserts. Armenian communities from all the provinces of Armenia, from Erzerum, Trebizond, Sivas, Harput, Bitlis, Van, and Diarbekir, also from Samsun, Caesarea and Urfa - a population of 1,500,000 are marching today, the stick of forced pilgrimage in hand, toward the Mesopotamian wilderness, to live among Arabian and Kurdish savage tribes. Very few of them will be able to reach the spots designated for their exile, and those who do will perish from starvation, if no immediate relief reaches them."

"It is in the name of a starving population of 1,500,000 that urgent appeals should be made to the charitable public of America."

The Armenian Relief Fund Committee believes that unless immediate aid is forthcoming future efforts will be unavailing. The Treasurers of the committee are Brown Brothers Co. 59 Wall Street.

http://www.armeensegenocide.info/pub_geschied/1500000_armenians_starve.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Sep 2014 20:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Bijzonder vrijwillig Landstormkorps Limburgsche Jagers

Op zondag 5 september 1915 ontving het korps van ingezetenen van Valkenburg een vaandel, dat erkend werd door HM Koningin Wilhelmina.

http://www.limburgsejagers.nl/content/stichting-rlj/nieuws/968-bijzonder-vrijwillig-landstormkorps-limburgsche-jagers.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Sep 2014 20:54    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Wall of Remembrance - HARLEBEKE NEW BRITISH CEMETERY

WILLIAM CAMPBELL ADAMSON - Royal Flying Corps

Died on 5 September 1915 - age 28

http://www.everymanremembered.org/cemeteries/cemetery/55701/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 04 Sep 2014 20:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Zimmerwald Manifesto, September 1915

When the World War broke out in 1914, the socialist parties in Europe rallied round their governments. On 5 September 1915 dissident socialists from eleven countries had a meeting in Zimmerwald, Switzerland, to discuss peace and continuation of the international class struggle. The Russian delegate Lenin held the view that this struggle should inaugurate world revolution and the end of the capitalist system. The Leftist group led by him, the Zimmerwalder Linke, judged the final manifesto of Zimmerwald a tame compromise but it was nevertheless signed. The Zimmerwalder Linke is considered a prelude to the Communist International in 1919.

http://socialhistory.org/en/today/dissident-socialists
Zie ook: http://nl.internationalism.org/isme/322_nzimmerwald
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 12:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Action of 5 September 1918

The Action of 5 September 1918 was a naval battle 200 mi (170 nmi; 320 km) off the coast of France in the North Atlantic during World War I. The action was fought between a German U-boat and American warships. (...)

SS Kronprinzessin Cecilie was a German ocean liner operating between the U.S. and Europe. On the outbreak of the war, she sought refuge in the then-neutral United States to avoid the British Royal Navy and was taken into Bar Harbor, Maine, where she was interned. After America entered World War I in April 1917, the ship was seized and turned over to the United States Navy, who renamed her USS Mount Vernon in honor of Mount Vernon. Mount Vernon was used to transport American troops across the Atlantic to France. U-82—a German submarine— had several successful patrols of the Atlantic to sink any and all Allied shipping.

On the morning of 5 September 1918, Mount Vernon and four destroyers were off France and steaming in a convoy toward the U.S. when Mount Vernon was attacked by U-82. The German vessels' periscope was spotted 500 yd (460 m) off the starboard bow, by a man of Mount Vernon's gun crew; they immediately fired a round from the gun.

The shot was a hit. Apparently unaffected by the shot, which reportedly did not harm anyone, U-82 surfaced. The U-boat fired a single torpedo at Mount Vernon and then submerged. The American captain ordered "right full rudder" but the ship could not turn fast enough and was hit.

The destroyers USS Winslow, Conner, Nicholson and Wainwright responded immediately and approached the battle area. Once they arrived near Mount Vernon, they observed the damage from a large explosion on Mount Vernon′s side.

The German commander, seeing the fast-approaching American destroyers, decided not to follow up with a second torpedo, so no further damage to the U.S. auxiliary cruiser was sustained. The four destroyers dropped depth charges for many minutes after Mount Vernon was hit, but they failed to sink the U-boat, which slipped away.

Despite this, the American destroyers were credited with saving Mount Vernon from being sunk. Mount Vernon steamed safely back to Brest with the loss of 36 out of the 1,450 people on board. Thirteen others were wounded; all of the American casualties were the result of the single torpedo explosion.

The ship suffered considerable damage, but after immediate improvised repairs, she was able to return to Brest under her own steam with an allied warship for additional protection.

Further temporary repairs were made at Brest, and from there Mount Vernon proceeded to Boston, Massachusetts for a complete repair. This was Mount Vernon's last battle of the war and one of the bloodier days for the U.S. Navy during the conflict with Germany. U-82 continued to fight, as did the four U.S. destroyers.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_of_5_September_1918
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 12:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

5 SEPTEMBER 1917: DUITSE RIJK FUSILLEERT TWEE PACIFISTISCHE MUITERS

(...) [O]p 5 september 1917 worden in Keulen de muitende matrozen Albin Köbis en Max Reichpietsch door een vuurpeloton terechtgesteld. Hun dood inspireerde mede de matrozenopstand in Kiel van november 1918, die leidde tot de val van het Duitse Keizerrijk. Ook werden Köbis en Reichpietsch als communisten avant la lettre geëerd door de DDR.

In het derde oorlogsjaar kampte het Duitse Rijk met vele tekorten en met honger. De linkse matrozen Albin Köbis en Max Reichpietsch waren de de ringleiders van een muiterij. Aanvankelijk protesteerden de matrozen over hun rantsoenen en andere praktische zaken, maar al gauw werd het een anti-oorlogsdemonstratie. De autoriteiten, bang voor een revolutie, besloten de opstand neer te slaan en gingen over tot arrestaties.

Köbis, Reichpietsch en drie andere matrozen werden ter dood veroordeeld door een militair tribunaal. Omdat de drie andere matrozen een ondergeschikte rol in de protesten hadden gespeeld werd ze begenadigd. Köbis en Reichpietsch kregen echter de kogel. Ze werden hierdoor martelaren van het marxisme en het pacifisme. Linkse kranten noemden hun executie een ‘gerechtelijke moord’ en hun dood inspireerde mede de matrozenopstand van november 1918. Deze opstand ontwikkelde zich al gauw tot een grote volksopstand tegen het keizerlijke gezag en leidde de val van de monarchie in. Het Duitse Rijk werd een republiek.

Communisten waren Köbis en Reichpietsch trouwens niet. Ze hadden wel radicaal-marxistische ideeën en contacten met de USPD (Unabhängige Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands), die zich in 1917 uit protest tegen de oorlog van de SDP had afgesplitst. Toch zouden vooral de communisten na de Eerste Wereldoorlog met Köbis en Reichpietsch pronken. De KPD, die na de Eerste Wereldoorlog door Duitse communisten werd opgericht, beschouwde Köbis en Reichpietsch als helden. De RFB (Roter Frontkämpferbund), de paramilitaire organisatie van de KPD, organiseerde in de jaren twintig elk jaar een herdenking voor Köbis en Reichpietsch in Keulen, uiteraard totdat de nazi’s na hun machtsovername in 1933 deze herdenking verboden.

De DDR ten slotte annexeerde Albin Köbis en Max Reichpietsch ook als helden. De DDR had zulke helden nodig, om ondanks het duistere nazi-verleden toch een beetje trots op Duitsland te kunnen zijn. In 1967, vijftig jaar na hun terechtstelling, werden de matrozen allebei geëerd met een DDR-postzegel. Niettemin was de televisiefilm Marinemeuterei 1917 uit 1969 een West-Duitse productie.

https://jalta.nl/geschiedenis/5-september-1917-duitse-rijk-fusilleert-twee-pacifistische-muiters/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 12:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Photograph of French 320 mm railway gun Cyclone, taken in Hogstade, Belgium, 5 September 1917

This appears to be the 32 cm 25 calibres (i.e. shorter barrel) gun on 20-wheel "sliding carriage" rail mounting.

Fotootje van een kanonnetje... https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cyclone-French-320th-artillery-5_Sept-1917-Belgium.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 12:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Leader, 5 September 1917: An Orangeite’s Experiences of the Horrors of War

William Henry Bowers, a former printer with the Advocate gives a detailed description of the devastation in northern France:

Judging by the number of shell-holes at Mametz Wood, Delville Wood and High Wood one can easily imagine how dearly the ground was won. Every yard of the ground was fought for stubbornly and tenaciously, and is due to the tenacity and bull-dog breed of Imperial and Colonial forces that Fritz is at the present time miles away from these places… I never imagined I would see so many dead men in my life, but in some places I have witnessed the hellish spectacle of a thousand corpses lying on an area of a couple of acres of ground… Some can be seen in a sitting position; others half-buried in shell-holes, whilst others were absolutely blown to pieces. The most ghoulish sight of all was the sacrilegious manner in which these dead heroes had been “ratted” of all their belongings— papers, letters, identification discs, etc., being strewn in all directions.

https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/117831218/13052714 via http://www.centenaryww1orange.com.au/events/5-september-1917/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 12:59    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

5. September 1917 - Ein rheinisches Tagebuch - Bergische Arbeiterstimme - 5. September 1917

Lebensmittel sind in Solingen laut einer Statistik so teuer wie in kaum einer anderen deutschen Stadt.

Solingen, die zweitteuerste Stadt in Deutschland.
Im Juni waren nach Calwers Statistik Krefeld mit 68,01
Mark, Solingen mit 67,50 Mark, Hagen mit 65,10 Mark,
Primasens mit 64,77 Mark, Bonn mit 64,62 Mark Wochen-
aufwand an Lebensmitteln für eine vierköpfige Familie die
teuersten Orte. Die „billigsten“ dagegen Hadersleben mit 46,11
Mark, Sigmaringen mit 46,05 Mark, Heidelberg 45,66 Mark,
Ulm a[n der] D[onau] 44,19 Mark, Allenstein 41,61 Mark.

https://archivewk1.hypotheses.org/42614
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 13:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

5th September 1917 - Worcestershire in WWl

Cadet F. Fry, son of Mr. Walter Fry, sacristan of St. Mary’s, Charlton King’s, has been appointed to a second-lieutenancy in the Worcestershire Regiment. In civil life a clerk at the Original Brewery he enlisted at the outbreak of war in the Gloucestershires and has been in service in France, gaining the Military Medal.

Mrs. Fitzer, of Foregate Street, has received information that her husband, Lance-Corpl. A. Fitzer, of a Territorial Battalion of the Worcestershire Regiment, was killed in action on August 27th. An officer writing to her informing her of the fact says “He was killed instantaneously while gallantly leading a Section in an attack. Had he lived he would have been recommended for a decoration and he richly deserved it. We all share your great loss, for he was universally beloved by the officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the Company.” He had been in France 15 months. He has two brothers serving in the same Company.

Escaped Germans’ Daring: Further details concerning the re-capture of six escaped German prisoners of war in an open boat at sea show that the men were making a daring effort to reach Germany when their boat was first sighted and hailed by a trawler 170 miles from land. The skipper of the trawler informed a destroyer, which proceeded to the spot and took the Germans on board. It is stated that there were submarine prisoners among the Germans, and that some of them had revolvers. Two had Iron Crosses. One of the men said they would have reached Germany in another twenty-four hours.

http://www.ww1worcestershire.co.uk/key-dates/1917/09/escaped-germans-daring/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 13:03    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

5. SEPTEMBER 1917 – PETER GEIL: “½ STUNDE GINGEN WIR MIT DER GASMASKE UM”

Geschrieben d. 5 September 1917.

Lieber Herr Pastor!

Bin ja nach dem Urlaub wieder hier gelandet. Es war nicht so ganz leicht sich gleich in das Leben hier zu finden. Jetzt fühle ich mich ganz wohl. Bald bekam ich ein ruhrartiges Magenleiden, das ich jetzt 4 Wochen habe. Vor einigen Tagen wurde es sehr schlimm. Wir hatten nämlich in der Nacht von 2-3 einen Gassangiff von Thommy. ½ Stunde gingen wir mit der Gasmaske um, da habe ich wohl etwas geschluckt. Jetzt geht es mir wieder besser.

Ein Kamerad u. Kollega von mir wurde von einiger Zeit ziemlich schwer verwundet. Der untere Teil das linken Schulterblattes wurde gesplittert und der Arzt meinte der linke Arm würde dauernd lahm bleiben; aber wie er vor eininge Tage nach Deutschland abtransportiert wurde, konnte er ihn doch etwas bewegen, so daß das Gefühl wohl wieder kommt. Ein anderer von der Kompagnie hatte von einer Schrapnellkugel einer schweren Bauchschuß, der Darm war 7 mal duchgelöchert.

Man hat ja Gott vielmal zu danken für seine große Gnade, daß er mich bis hierher treu bewahrt. Er wird auch in der kommenden Zeit mit mir sein. Übringens hat man mir am 1. September zum Andenken an Sedan [Mindedag for slaget ved Sedan 1870, red.] die Knöpfe angesteckt [forfremmet til gefreiter, red.], und mir ein Maschinengewehr übergeben. Dabei hat man natürlich auch seine Verantwortung, doch Jesus ist ja mit mir.

Viele Herzliche Grüße sendet Ihr Peter Geil.


https://denstorekrig1914-1918.dk/5-september-1917-peter-geil-%C2%BD-stunde-gingen-wir-mit-der-gasmaske-um/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 13:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Sint Niklaas - Rafaël Waterschoot - oorlogsdagboek 05 09 1917

5 september 1917 woensdag
Alle hamers, vijlen, zagen, schaven, aanbeelden, staven ijzer enz moeten tegen morgen bij de Duitschers aangegeven worden.
N'en zatten Duitschen officier heeft dezen nacht eene vitrine en de glazen van eenige huizen uitgeslagen, verders eene vrouw mishandeld; hij is aangehouden en heeft des anderdaags alle schade voldaan.
Patatten kosten reeds 0,65fr: de kgr.

http://www.oorlogsdagboek.org/1917%20oorlogsdagboek%201917/scannen0136.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 13:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Lt Thomas Richards on rugby

On 5 September 1917 Lt Thomas Richards of the 1st Battalion wrote about the rugby games they had played against the 3rd Battalion. "The men won theirs comfortably but the officers were were beaten by 11 to 6 after a hard grueling game".

Before the war 'Rusty' Richards had a successful career in rugby union. As an international player, Richards travelled to South Africa and England, representing both Australia and Britain, and won a rugby Olympic gold medal for Australia at the London Olympics in 1908. He retired from football in 1913.

https://www.facebook.com/AWMemorial/photos/a.431297357524/10154982557782525/?type=3&theater
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 13:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

In oorlogstijd. Het volledige dagboek van de Eerste Wereldoorlog – Stijn Streuvels

5 september 1916 - Alzo heb ik op het laatste uur er aan gedacht me een handmolentje aan te schaffen, want als huisvader is men toch in geweten verplicht te zorgen dat vrouw en kinderen iets anders te eten krijgen dan rauw tarwegraan! Zulk een molentje te kopen, in Kortrijk, ging heel gemakkelijk, maar welk een moeite het kost zo'n ding te huis te krijgen, is niet zeggelijk. Hoe weinig kans op gevaar er ook zij om langs de baan een patrouille te ontmoeten en alhoewel de verordening enkel verbiedt het ‘verkopen, aanbieden en rondventen’ dus niet het vervoeren of bezitten van een handmolen, zijn de buitenmensen toch zo bevreesd voor tegenkomsten met de Duitsers, dat niemand zelfs voor groot geld, zich in gevaar [wenst] te brengen. Het doet denken aan de tijden van de Inquisitie; - en ik zal voorlopig maar niet vertellen hoe en op welke manier en langs welke omwegen mijn molen van Kortrijk naar Vichte en dan weer met andere middels, van Vichte naar Ingooigem is gerocht. En nu maal ik mijn koorn zelf! En eten we brood gelijk de oude Egyptenaren het gekend hebben t.t.z. op zulk een wijze dat men het graan tussen de tanden voelt breken, 't geen een heel eigenaardige smaak geeft aan het brood; weeral een ondervinding die we zonder de oorlog nooit zouden gekend hebben.

https://www.dbnl.org/tekst/stre009inoo02_01/stre009inoo02_01_0025.php
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 13:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

5 September 1916 - Father and Son, Sgt George and Cpl Robert Lee died on this day

6029 Sergeant George Lee
'A' Battery 156th Bde Royal Field Artillery
Age 44
Husband of Frances of 16 Telfourd Rd, Peckham, London.
Buried Grave I A 35 alongside his son.

71939 Corporal Robert Lee
'A' Battery 156th Bde Royal Field Artillery
Age 19
Son of Sergeant George Lee, son of Frances.

Buried alongside his father: Dartmoor Cemetery, north-east of the village of Becordel-Becourt. Grave I A 36

14 January, 1915 Mayor of Camberwell was authorised to recruit a brigade of field artillery and it was thus that 156th Brigade of the Royal Field Artillery was formed. Those living near to Peckham, which would have included George and Robert, were allowed to live at home, whereas others were housed in Gordon’s Brewery and at the Tramway Depot. (1)

On 19 May 1915 they embarked for France, forming part of 33rd Division, III Corps of the IVth Army.

Each brigade was made up of four guns: three 18-pdr batteries and one howitzer battery, later increasing to six guns per battery, though adjusting in size according to losses and replacements.

Starting on La Bassée Front in early 1916, the 33rd Division then moved down towards the Somme by train on 14 July.

Sergeant Lee and his son Corporal Lee, in the same Brigade, though not necessarily on the same gun, then took part in ‘The Battle of the Somme’ for eight continuous weeks - with one rest of ten days in the middle’.

During this period eight different divisions were covered by the batteries, with fourteen separate attacks given support by 33rd Division Artillery. (2)

Throughout the period Royal Flying Corps artillery-observers in aircraft and balloons helped direct fire. (3)

On the 5th August there was heavy shelling with saw 167th Bde, 33rd Division Artillery, ‘bombed out’ and was reduced from three batteries of four guns each to form two six-gun batteries. 167th Bde were ‘bombed out again on the 17th. It has to be wondered if something similar occurred to 156th Bde the following month leading to the deaths of Sgt and Cpl Lee.

At the end of August, the zone covered by 156th Bde extended along the High Wood- Bazentin le Petit road southwards from the north-west corner of the wood.

At this time a German counter-attack was made possible with the influx of fresh German division on the Somme. The German counter-attack began with artillery preparation on 31 August.

Every gun and howitzer of the 33rd was in action, directed from observations in an Old German trench that ran along the west of Delville Wood.

On 3 September, 'large numbers of the enemy were seen gathering in Switch Trench and entering the east corner of High Wood'. In response the guns of 33rd Division Artillery were switched round to deal with enemy counter-attack.

Perhaps Sergeant Lee and his son Corporal Lee were badly wounded on the 3rd or 4th September and evacuated to the rear?

If they died in fighting on the 5th September this was unfortunate as that morning the battery commanders of the 1st and 2nd New Zealand Field Artillery Brigades came up with once section apiece and began to take over the 33rd battery command. Relief was complete by the 6th September and the 156th moved to quieter spots at Bonnay and then onwards to Arras.

Sergeant Lee and his son Corporal Lee were just 2 of 117 ‘other ranks’ killed during the actions of the 33rd Division on the Somme that summer.

REFERENCE
(1) p.2 The History of the 33rd Divisional Artillery in the War 1914-18. (p.1921) J, Macartney-Filgate. The Naval & Military Press Ltd. (Digital edition 2012).
(2) IBID pp 46-47.
(3) Harris J P (2008) p.257 Douglas Haig and the First World War. Cambridge.
(4) The History of the 33rd Divisional Artillery in the War 1914-18. (p.1921) J, Macartney-Filgate. The Naval & Military Press Ltd. (Digital edition 2012).


http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/on-this-day/5-september-1916-father-and-son-sgt-george-and-cpl-robert-lee-died-on-this-day/

Vader en zoon

Bij Bécordel-Bécourt, vlakbij de weg tussen Albert en Péronne, ligt Dartmoor Cemetery. Er liggen 768 soldaten begraven. Voor vandaag is het ons laatste begraafplaats. Uit respect voor de doden nemen we de tijd en lopen we ook op deze dodenakker langs de stenen. We blijven staan voor de graven van sergeant George Lee en korporaal Robert Lee. De nummers 6029 en 71939 van de Royal Field Artillery sneuvelden allebei op 5 september 1916. De vader was vierenveertig, de zoon negentien. Zoveel triestheid is nauwelijks te bevatten.
Vader en zoon Lee en al hun gesneuvelde kameraden zijn opgeofferd aan de misvatting dat oorlog aan oorlog een einde kan maken.

http://www.devrijewandelaar.nl/de-zwarte-bladzijde-van-de-somme/
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"Omdat ik alles beter weet is het mijn plicht om betweters te minachten."
Marcel Wauters, Vlaams schrijver en kunstenaar 1921-2005


Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 05 Sep 2018 13:22, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 13:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Lance Corporal Bock – 9th & 49 Battalions

Herbert Bock enlisted in Bundaberg, 4 January 1915. He was assigned to the reinforcements for the 9th Infantry Battalion and by May 1915 was fighting with the unit on the Gallipoli Peninsula.
The eldest son of Wilhelm and Emily Bock of Bundaberg, the call to serve must have been strong for Herbert to leave behind 8 siblings ranging from aged 3 to 20 years.
When the troops were withdrawn from the Peninsula, they regrouped in Egypt. Parts of the 9th and 25th Battalions were merged and Bock was transferred to the newly formed 49th Infantry Battalion. They spent several months training and regaining strength before embarking for France with the 50th Battalion on the troopship Ardadia.
After landing in the port of Marseilles on 12 June 1916, they were given one day’s leave to view the sights before being entrained on a 60-hour journey north, on their way to the western front. Initially they were billeted in farm houses in Strazeele, a community about 15km from the front line.
The Somme offensive began on 1 July 1916, the Battalion strength was recorded as 29 Officers and 988 Other Ranks, the first man from the 49th was killed 5 days later on 6 July.
August 1916 saw the 49th in the Albert area, moving between front lines alongside other Battalions. Bock was promoted to Lance Corporal on the 25th of this month, after attending a school of instruction in the field.
Early in September the Battalion’s commander Lieut. Col. Lorenzo, gave orders for their inclusion in a major attack on the enemy’s trenches near Mouquet Farm. Together with the Australian 52nd and the Canadian 16th Battalions, trenches were fiercely attacked, companies moved in waves covering each other, deepening communication trenches and carrying up bombs to the front line.
On the 5th September there were many casualties, including Lance Corporal Bock. Initially listed as missing, enquiries were made by the Red Cross Bureau, which confirmed that Bock had undoubtedly been killed. Witnesses reported seeing him blown to pieces by a shell, his death was instantaneous, with no possibility of him being buried.
His mother Emily, so distraught at the news when informed, fell ill and died two months later, age 45.
This sad story ends, with just a slightly positive note. When the Imperial War Graves Commission were consolidating burials in France in 1930, they recovered Herbert Bock’s identity disc in the vicinity of Courcelette.
His remains were exhumed and re-interred at the Serre Road Cemetery No. 2 near Beaumont Hamel, where he has a permanent headstone engraved with this full regimental description, date of death and epitaph.
Herbert Bock’s identity disc was returned to his father William Bock, in Bundaberg with a covering letter which quietly stated:
“This memento though now somewhat impaired through long exposure will doubtless be valued on account of its former intimate association with your son, and I trust same comes safely to hand.”

http://blogs.slq.qld.gov.au/ww1/2016/07/18/herbert-bock-kia-5-sept-1916/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 05 Sep 2018 13:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The War Diaries of Roger Stamp: September 1916

Tuesday 5 September 1916 – Usual daily routine except for tonight when we had practice for brigade attack.

http://heritage.stockton.gov.uk/people/september-1916-2/
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