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22 augustus

 
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2006 6:08    Onderwerp: 22 augustus Reageer met quote

Der Weltkrieg am 22. August 1914


Zur Lage Deutschlands

Berlin, 22. Aug. (W.B.)
Die "Norddeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung" schreibt:
Weithin durch die deutschen Lande und in alle Welt hinaus klang die Kunde von unserem herrlichen Siege bei Metz. Vorbereitet mit allen Mitteln moderner Kriegsführung, erfochten durch höchste Kraftleistung von Mann und Roß, daheim erwartet in Geduld und ohne Zagen. Was dieser große Sieg für unser Volk bedeutet, weiß jedermann bei uns und die verklärten Gesichter überall bezeugen es. Drei Wochen sind vergangen, seitdem der Kaiser die Mobilmachung des deutschen Heeres und der Marine befohlen hat. Drei Wochen eines wunderbaren Aufschwungs der ganzen Nation, Wochen unermüdlichster Arbeit im Felde und in der Heimat, Wochen, worin jeder einzelne an seinem Platze das hergab, was in ihm ist. Eine erstaunliche Wandlung ging in unserem Volke vor. Vor dem Ernst der Zeiten hinweggeblasen, was im Frieden, im Kampfe der Parteien und Interessen wie eine schier unüberwindliche Schranke zwischen den verschiedenen Gruppen unseres Volkes zu stehen schien. Es ist, als ob in dem Feuer, das der Haß unserer Feinde rings um uns angefacht hat, die deutsche Nation zu einem stahlharten Block zusammengeschmiedet ist. Auch in den gemischtsprachigen Landesteilen wird jetzt klar, wie fest die Kulturgemeinschaft uns zusammenhält gegenüber unseren Feinden im Westen und dem barbarischen Gegner im Osten, der vergeblich mit gleißenden Worten seine Jahrhunderte alte Schuld zu übertünchen sucht. Den tiefbeglückenden Eindruck dieser ersten Kriegswochen von Lüttich bis zum Siege bei Metz kann nichts mehr auslöschen. Einig in Not und Tod, fest zusammenstehend in Prüfung und Sieg, so wird unser Volk in dem gewaltigen Ringen, das begonnen hat, unüberwindlich sein. Tief eingeprägt trägt
jeder von uns das Bewußtsein in sich, für eine gerechte Sache einzustehen, deshalb ist bei jedem auch die Überzeugung so unerschütterlich, daß wir es schaffen werden. Wen rührte nicht in seinen Herzenstiefen, zu sehen, wie unsere Familien in Dorf und Stadt, Arme und Reiche, ohne ein Wort der Klage ihre Väter, Brüder und Söhne dahingaben, als trügen sie das fromme, tapfere Wort mit sich, das Roon vor Düppel seinem Freunde Perthes schrieb: "Als unsere Söhne auszogen, da haben wir sie schon weggegeben, ganz und gar. Kehren sie einst unverletzt zu uns zurück, so sind sie ein neues Geschenk unseres gnädigen Gottes." Welch ein Kinderspiel damals - und es war doch eine weltbewegende Leistung - gemessen an der unerhörten Aufgabe, die unserem Volk heute zu lösen bestimmt ist. Schon sind Taten vollbracht, die sich an die größten Kriegsleistungen des deutschen Volkes würdig anreihen. Größere werden und müssen folgen. Wir müssen siegen. Ehern steht der Entschluß in allen Köpfen und Herzen und ehern wird ihn die weitere Tat bewähren. Wir waren von einem dichten Lügengewebe eingesponnen. Wenn die Kriege mit Druckerschwärze und Zeitungspapier ausgefochten würden, so wäre Deutschland heute mausetot. Es ist immer französische Art gewesen, sich von phantastischen Selbsttäuschungen wiegen zu lassen, bis dann das Erwachen und der Zusammenbruch in derselben Stunde kam. Mit dem ungeheuren Lügenapparat aber, der in diesen Wochen von den Franzosen und den Engländern in Bewegung gesetzt wurde, ist noch ein ganz bestimmter Zweck verfolgt worden: Es war ein Kampf um die Seele der Neutralen und es handelte sich darum, die neutralen Staaten zur Stellungnahme gegen Deutschland und Österreich-Ungarn zu bewegen, ehe die Tatsachen des Schlachtfeldes das entscheidende Wort sprachen. Heute ist der erste große Sieg, der zählt, in aller Welt bekannt und damit der Schleier der Täuschung zerrissen. Unsere Armee bestand ihre Probe glanzvoll über alles Maß. Dankbar und stolz grüßt Deutschland seine tapferen Söhne. 2)


Dank des Kaisers an die Eisenbahner

Berlin 22. Aug. (W. B.)
Der Kaiser hat folgende Kabinettsorder erlassen:

Mobilmachung und Versammlung des Heeres an den Grenzen sind vollendet. Mit beispielloser Sicherheit und Pünktlichkeit haben die deutschen Eisenbahnen die gewaltigen Transportbewegungen ausgeführt. Dankbar gedenke ich zunächst der Männer, die seit dem Kriege 1870/71 in stiller Arbeit eine Organisation geschaffen haben, die nunmehr ihre erste Probe glänzend bestanden hat. Allen denen aber, die einem Rufe folgend mitgewirkt haben, das deutsche Volk in Waffen auf den Schienenwegen dem Feinde entgegenzuwerfen, insbesondere den Linienkommandanturen und Bahnbevollmächtigten sowie den deutschen Eisenbahnverwaltungen vom ersten Beamten bis zum letzten Arbeiter, spreche ich für ihre treue Hingabe und Pflichterfüllung meinen kaiserlichen Dank aus. Die bisherigen Leistungen geben mir die sicherste Gewähr, daß die Eisenbahnen auch im weiteren Verlauf des großen Kampfes um des deutschen Volkes Zukunft jederzeit den höchsten Anforderungen der Heeresführung gewachsen sein werden.

Großes Hauptquartier, den 22. August 1914.

gez. Wilhelm I. R. 2)


Russische Niederlagen - 8500 Gefangene

Berlin, 22. Aug. (W. B.)
Starke russische Kräfte sind gegen die Linie Gumbinnen-Angerburg im Vorgehen. Das deutsche 1. Armeekorps hat am 20. August den auf Gumbinnen vorgehenden Feind angegriffen und geworfen; dabei sind achttausend Gefangene gemacht und acht Geschütze erbeutet worden. Von einer bei dem Armeekorps befindlichen Kavallerie-Division war längere Zeit keine Nachricht da. Die Division hat sich mit zwei feindlichen Kavalleriedivisionen herumgeschlagen; sie traf gestern bei dem 1. Armeekorps mit fünfhundert Gefangenen wieder ein. Weitere russische Verstärkungen sind nördlich des Pregel und südlich der masurischen Seen-Linie im Vorgehen.
Über das weitere Vorgehen unserer Ostarmee muß noch Schweigen bewahrt werden, um dem Gegner unsere Maßnahmen nicht vorzeitig zu verraten. 2)


Die österreichisch-ungarischen Aktionen

Wien, 22. Aug. (W. B.)
Amtlich wird gemeldet:
Mit dem Eingreifen Rußlands in den Kampf zwischen Österreich-Ungarn und Serbien waren wir genötigt, unsere ganze Kraft für den Hauptkampf im Nordosten zusammenzufassen. Damit wurde der von der Öffentlichkeit vielfach als Strafexpedition aufgefaßte Krieg gegen Serbien von selbst zu einer die Hauptentscheidung kaum berührenden Nebenaktion. Nichtsdestoweniger ließen die allgemeine Lage und die Nachrichten über den Gegner eine Offensivaktion zweckmäßig erscheinen, die aber mit Rücksicht auf die vorstehend dargelegten Gesichtspunkte nur als ein kurzer Vorstoß auf das feindliche Gebiet gedacht war, nach dessen Gelingen notwendigerweise zu der früheren zuwartenden Haltung zurückzukehren war, um bei Gelegenheit abermals zum Schlage auszuholen. Dieser kurze Offensivstoß erfolgte denn auch zwischen dem 13. und dem 18. August durch einen Teil der im Süden verwendeten Kräfte mit hervor ragender Tapferkeit und Bravour und führte dazu, daß er fast die ganze serbische Armee auf sich zog, deren mit großer numerischer Überlegenheit geführte Angriffe unter schwersten Opfern an dem Heldenmut unserer Truppen scheiterten. Daß auch diese zum Teil bedeutende Verluste erlitten, ist bei dem an Zahl weit überlegenen und um seine Existenz kämpfenden Gegner nicht zu verwundern. Als unsere auf dem serbischen Gebiete weit vorgedrungenen Truppen am 19. ds. abends nach erfüllter Aufgabe den Befehl erhielten, wieder in ihre ursprüngliche Stellung an der unteren Drina und Save zurückzukehren, ließen sie auf dem Kampfplatze einen vollständig erschöpften Gegner zurück. Unsere Truppen halten heute die Höhen auf serbischem Boden und den Raum um Schabatz besetzt. Im südlichen Serbien befinden sich die aus Bosnien dorthin vorgedrungenen österreichisch-ungarischen Truppen unter fortwährenden Kämpfen im Vorgehen in der Richtung auf Valjewo. Wir können voller Beruhigung den weiteren Ereignissen entgegensehen, deren Verlauf das Vertrauen rechtfertigen wird, dessen unsere unter den schwierigsten Verhältnissen kämpfenden und mit einer Laien undankbar erscheinenden Aufgabe betrauten braven Truppen vom 13. bis 19. sich wieder in vollständigem Maße würdig gezeigt haben.

Wien, 22. Aug. (Priv.-Tel.)
Eine in der Richtung auf Sokal (Galizien) vorgedrungene Kosaken-Division, verstärkt durch Infanterie, wurde gestern von unseren Truppen angefallen und nach kurzem Kampfe geschlagen, wobei eine Brigade vollkommen zersprengt wurde. Es wurden zahlreiche Gefangene gemacht und viel Kriegsmaterial erbeutet.

Wien, 22. Aug. (W B.)
Die Blätter melden: Die Lemberger Statthalterei veröffentlicht folgendes Communiqué: Die feindliche Kavallerie, die sich gestern in den Grenzgegenden im Norden von Lemberg bewegte, ist auf der ganzen Linie zurückgeworfen worden. Sie zog sich fluchtartig zurück. Auf feindlicher Seite ist ein General gefallen; ein General ist verwundet ins Garnisonhospital in Lemberg übergeführt worden. Der Feind hatte viele Tote und Verwundete; auch sind viele Gefangene gemacht worden.

Krakau, 22. Aug. (W. B.)
Die Zeitung "Czas" meldet:
Zwischen der österreichisch-ungarischen Armee und russischer Kavallerie hat bei Kielce ein Kampf stattgefunden. Die Russen wurden geschlagen und mußten Kielce räumen.

Wien, 22. Aug. (Priv.-Tel.)
Auf dem Vormarsch nach Valjevo haben unsere Truppen östlich von Visegrad-
Dudo-Evat 30 serbische Bataillone mit zahlreicher Artillerie nach hartnäckigem Kämpfen vorgestern und gestern auf der ganzen Linie geworfen. 2)


Die Franzosen auf der Flucht - 10000 Gefangene - 50 Geschütze erbeutet

Berlin, 22. Aug. (W. B.)
Die von unseren Truppen zwischen Metz und den Vogesen geschlagenen französischen Kräfte sind heute verfolgt worden. Der Rückzug der Franzosen artete in Flucht aus. Bisher wurden mehr als 10000 Gefangene gemacht und mindestens 50 Geschütze erobert. Die Stärke der gesamten feindlichen Kräfte wurde auf mehr als acht Armeekorps geschätzt. 2)


Gent zur Übergabe bereit

Amsterdam, 22. Aug. (Priv.-Tel.)
Das "Handelsblad" meldet: In Gent wird die Bürgerwehr entwaffnet; Die Waffen werden nach Antwerpen gesandt. Gent steht zur friedlichen Übergabe an die Deutschen bereit. 2)


Englands Handelskrieg

New York, 22. Aug. (W. B.)
Die englische Regierung hat ein Verbot für alle englischen Firmen erlassen, Geschäfte mit solchen ausländischen Firmen abzuschließen, an denen Deutsche beteiligt seien, und sei es auch nur durch einen einzigen deutschen Teilhaber. Durch dieses Verbot, das offensichtlich auf die Vernichtung der deutschen Handelskonkurrenz abzielt, werden zahlreiche amerikanische Häuser empfindlich getroffen. Das Vorgehen der englischen Regierung erregt hier Überraschung und Befremden. 2)


Amerika kauft Handelsdampfer

New York, 22. Aug. (W. B.)
Es ist ein Gesetzentwurf in Vorbereitung, der die Bundesregierung ermächtigt, 30 Millionen Dollar zur Beschaffung von Handelsdampfern zu verausgaben, um die Ausfuhr von Getreide und sonstigen Nahrungsmitteln sowie Baumwolle sicherzustellen. Das Projekt findet in der Öffentlichkeit günstige Aufnahme. 2)


Die Haltung Italiens

Rom, 22. Aug. (Agenzia Stefani.)
Die in einigen italienischen und auswärtigen Blättern erschienenen Nachrichten über gewisse Missionen, welche von der italienischen Regierung den italienischen Politikern bei den fremden Regierungen gegeben worden seien, oder über Missionen, welche auswärtige Politiker in Italien durchgeführt haben sollen, entbehren jeder Begründung. Die italienische Regierung, die sich bei ihrer Haltung von der strikten Beobachtung der erklärten Neutralität leiten läßt, setzt regelmäßig ihre internationale politische Handlungsweise mit Hilfe ihrer offiziellen Vertreter im Auslande auseinander, wie sie durch ihre fortdauernden freundschaftlichen Beziehungen mit den fremden in Rom beglaubigten Vertretern bedient wird. 2)


Kaiser Wilhelm II. an den Fürsten zu Lippe


Prinz Friedrich Wilhelm zu Lippe

Detmold, 22. Aug. (Priv.-Tel.)
Der Kaiser hat an den regierenden Fürsten zu Lippe aus Anlaß des Heldentodes des Prinzen Friedrich Wilhelm zu Lippe folgendes Telegramm gerichtet:

"Ich bitte Dich, den Ausdruck meiner wärmsten Teilnahme entgegenzunehmen aus Anlaß des Todes Deines braven Onkels, welcher als leuchtendes Beispiel eines tapferen deutschen Prinzen an der Spitze seines Regiments bei Lüttich den Heldentod starb für Kaiser und Reich.

Wilhelm I. R." 2)



Der 1. Weltkrieg im August 1914
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2006 6:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Es geschah am August 22....

Heute haben/hätten folgende Teilnehmer des Ersten Weltkrieges Geburtstag......

Ereignisse am heutigen Tag im Jahr...
1914 Österreich-Ungarn erklärt Belgien den Krieg
1916 U 81 in Dienst gestellt.
1916 UC 19 in Dienst gestellt
1916 UC 30 in Dienst gestellt.
1917 Letzter deutscher Fliegerangriff auf England bei Tageslicht.
1918 Albert von britischen Truppen eingenommen
1918 K.u.K Armee beginnt Großoffensive in Albanien

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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2006 6:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

August 22

1914 Heavy casualties suffered in the Battles of the Frontiers

On August 22, 1914, as French and German forces face off on the Western Front during the opening month of the First World War, the isolated encounters of the previous day move into full-scale battle in the forests of the Ardennes and at Charleroi, near the junction of the Sambre and Meuse Rivers.

A German soldier’s diary entry captures the horrifying chaos of that day on the front lines in Tintigny, near Ardennes, where the German 4th and 5th Armies were squaring off against the French 3rd and 4th. “Nothing more terrible could be imagined….We advanced much too fast—a civilian fired at us—he was immediately shot—we were ordered to attack the enemy flank in a forest of beeches—we lost our direction—the men were done for—the enemy opened fire—shells came down on us like hail.”

The Battle of the Ardennes was the second of the so-called Battles of the Frontiers—four bloody conflicts fought over the course of as many days between German, French and British forces on the Western Front in France. After French forces were destroyed by the advancing German left wing in Lorraine on August 20, two simultaneous actions were launched on August 21 and 22, in the Ardennes and further north, at the village of Charleroi. The Battle of Charleroi saw General Charles Lanrezac and the French 5th Army take on General Karl von Bulow’s 2nd German Army.

Over the course of a single day, August 22, some 27,000 French soldiers died at Ardennes and Charleroi. In the latter battle, von Bulow’s men were joined by the German 3rd Army, led by General Max Klemens von Hausen, which over the night of August 22 brought four fresh corps and 340 new guns into action. The French 5th Army, in turn, was due to be supported by the newly arrived British Expeditionary Force (BEF); a British delay and poor relations between Lanrezac and the BEF’s commander, Sir John French, however, meant that instead of supporting the French at Charleroi, the British were forced to fight their own action, the Battle of the Mons, beginning on August 23, as Lanrezac’s men continued to fight alone.

At Charleroi, with the roads swollen with Belgian refugees heading for French army headquarters, Lanrezac learned on August 23 that the French army was collapsing all along the line, from Lorraine to the Meuse. With his own army pushed to its limits at Charleroi, he made the decision, without consulting French headquarters, to order a general retreat. According to his own written account, Lanrezac believed that destruction of the 5th Army would mean catastrophe for France, as he told one of his officers. “We have been beaten but the evil is reparable. As long as the 5th Army lives, France is not lost.”

Though Joffre and GQG, the headquarters of the French army, did not question Lanrezac’s decision at the time, thereby tacitly authorizing it, the general of the 5th Army was later made a scapegoat for the failure of France’s offensively minded Plan 17 strategy during the Battles of the Frontiers. It was a costly failure indeed for France: some 70 divisions, or about 1.25 million men, saw combat over the course of four days, with total casualties of 140,000 (twice the number of the entire BEF in France at that time).

Joffre, however, would admit no inherent flaw in the purely offensive spirit behind Plan 17—instead, he blamed failure on a “false understanding” of that spirit. In a “Note for All Armies” issued on August 24, he determined that land captured by the French should be immediately organized for occupation and defense, and entrenchments should be dug. The lack of coordination between artillery and infantry must be remedied, Joffre insisted, and the French “must copy the enemy in using airplanes to prepare artillery attacks.” As the French president, Raymond Poincare wrote in his diary that same day: “We must make up our minds both to retreat and to invasion. So much for the illusions of the last fortnight. Now the future of France depends on her powers of resistance.”
www.historychannel.com
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2006 6:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Events
1 1914 Sgt/Maj DS Jillings is first British aviator to be wounded in action during recon flight over enemy lines
2 1916 Jasta 1 formed




Births
1 1880 Hans-Joachim Buddecke
2 1895 Georg Weiner
3 1895 Jesse Creech
4 1898 Arthur Reed




Deaths
1 1918 Tom Noel
2 1918 Antoine Laplasse
3 1966 Louis Bawlf




Claims
1 1916 Julius Arigi #1 #2 #3 #4 #5
2 1916 Friedrich Lang #1 #2
3 1916 Johann Lasi #1 #2 #3 #4 #5
4 1916 Albert Ball #9 #10 #11
5 1916 William Curphey #1
6 1916 René Dorme #5
7 1916 Frederich Libby #2 #3 #4
8 1917 Godwin Brumowski #19
9 1917 Frank Linke-Crawford #2
10 1917 Edmond Thieffry #8
11 1917 George Anderson #2
12 1917 Robert Dodds #2
13 1917 Charles Hickey #1
14 1917 Reginald Hoidge #18
15 1917 Harold Kerby #9
16 1917 Andrew McKeever #12
17 1917 Geoffrey Bowman #15
18 1917 Robert Coath #6 #7
19 1917 Ralph Curtis #9 #10
20 1917 Geoffrey Hemming #4 #5 #6
21 1917 Alwyne Loyd #4
22 1917 Norman MacGregor #4
23 1917 William Pearson #5
24 1917 Adrian Tonks #1 #2
25 1917 Thomas Tuffield #2
26 1917 Henri Hay de Slade #3
27 1917 Hans Hoyer u/c
28 1917 Julius Schmidt #12
29 1917 Kurt Student #5
30 1917 Karl Thom #1
31 1917 Rudolf Wendelmuth #5
32 1917 Guglielmo Fornagiari #1
33 1917 Edwin Hayne #1
34 1917 William MacLanachan #4
35 1917 Gerald Maxwell #13 #14
36 1917 Richard Maybery #9
37 1918 Garfield Finlay #8
38 1918 Karl Teichmann #5
39 1918 Thomas Birmingham #5
40 1918 Henry Burden #16
41 1918 George Dixon #6
42 1918 Ernest Morrow #6 #7
43 1918 Louis Thompson #8 #9
44 1918 Hazel Wallace #14
45 1918 Arthur Whealy #25
46 1918 William Barnes #1
47 1918 Herbert Beddow #7
48 1918 Thomas Elliott #5 #6
49 1918 William Farrow #7
50 1918 George Gibbons #12 #13
51 1918 William Harvey #26
52 1918 Sidney Highwood #3
53 1918 Spencer Horn #12
54 1918 Stephen Price #1 #2 #3
55 1918 H. Pullen #5
56 1918 Arthur Randall #9
57 1918 George Riley #9
58 1918 William Sidebottom #6
59 1918 Cyril Smythe #1
60 1918 William Staton #22
61 1918 John Warner #3
62 1918 Bernard Barny de Romanet #10
63 1918 Theophile Condemine #1
64 1918 Armand de Turenne #13
65 1918 Henri Hay de Slade #13
66 1918 Paul Waddington #11
67 1918 Eugene Weismann #3
68 1918 Siegfried Büttner #13
69 1918 Christian Donhauser #3
70 1918 Albert Haussmann #12
71 1918 Wilhelm Hippert #8 u/c
72 1918 Fritz Höhn #9
73 1918 Wilhelm Kohlbach #3
74 1918 Arthur Laumann #25 #26
75 1918 Johann Pütz #7
76 1918 Ernst Udet #59 #60
77 1918 Tom Hazell #37
78 1918 Sebastiano Bedendo #4
79 1918 Bartolomeo Costantini #6
80 1918 Ronald Bannerman #3
81 1918 Frederick Gordon #5
82 1918 Malcolm McGregor #9
83 1918 Andrew Beauchamp-Proctor #35 #36
84 1918 Charles Ross #10
85 1918 Louis Bennett #8 #9
86 1918 Duerson Knight #10
87 1918 David Putnam #12
88 1918 Orville Ralston #2
89 1918 Elliot Springs #7 #8 #9
90 1918 William Tipton #3
91 1918 Robert Todd #4
92 1918 George Vaughn #5


Losses
1 1916 Alessandro Reschwounded in action
2 1918 Ernest Morrowwounded in action; shot down by Jasta 1
3 1918 W. Harropand George Smithshot down and captured
4 1918 Tom Noelkilled in action
5 1918 Antoine Laplassekilled in action
6 1918 Theodor Cammannwounded in action
7 1918 Dennis Latimercaptured; shot down by Jasta 7




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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2006 6:11    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Die Nachrichten vom 22. August

1914
Zur Lage Deutschlands
Dank des Kaisers an die Eisenbahner
Russische Niederlagen
Die österreichisch-ungarischen Aktionen
Die Franzosen auf der Flucht
Gent zur Übergabe bereit
Englands Handelskrieg
Amerika kauft Handelsdampfer
Die Haltung Italiens
Kaiser Wilhelm II. an den Fürsten zu Lippe

1915
Vormarsch über die Bahn Bialystok - Brest-Litowsk
Der Kaiser über die Einnahme von Nowo-Georgiewsk
Räumung der Insel Pelagosa durch die Italiener
Die deutsch-türkische Waffenbrüderschaft
Die Verluste der englischen Handelsschiffahrt
Das Kabinett Veniselos in Griechenland

1916
Siegreiche Verteidigung des Dorfes Guillemont
Der deutsche U-Boot-Erfolg in der Nordsee
Russische Massenstürme in Galizien abgeschlagen
Der bulgarische Sieg an der Struma

1917
Fortgang der Schlacht vor Verdun
Neuer Luftschiffangriff auf England
Neuer Fliegerangriff auf Freiburg i. Br.
Schwere Kämpfe auf der Karsthochfläche

1918
Die englische Offensive südlich von Arras
Gewaltiges Ringen an Ancre und Somme
U-Boots-Beute im Juli: 550000 Tonnen
Fliegerangriff auf Köln
Erneuter Fliegerangriff auf Konstantinopel


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BerichtGeplaatst: 27 Aug 2009 16:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Monument van de slag op 22 augustus 1914 - Paliseul

http://www.ftlb.be/nl/attractions/fiche.php?avi_id=1839
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 18:16    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

On This Day - 22 August 1914

Western Front
Belgium: Evacuation of Namur begun
French defeated at Charleroi.
Alsace-Lorraine: French defeat, Luneville lost; General withdrawal.

Eastern Front
Poland: Russians evacuate Kyeltsi.

Southern Front
Shabats and Loznitsa recovered by Serbians; Austrians defeated on Drina.

Political, etc.
Brussels: Germans levy �8,000,000.

http://www.firstworldwar.com/onthisday/1914_08_22.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 18:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of the Ardennes, 20-25 August 1914

(...) On 22 August the French advance ran unto the Germans. The advance guard of the Third Army was hit by a German artillery bombardment and shattered. The Third Army, with a gap in its centre, was forced to stop and fight just to maintain its position.

The Fourth Army also suffered heavy losses on 22 August. This army contained the Colonial Corps, the main regular element of the French army. These professional troops advanced ahead of their support until they were fighting alone. They then made a series of determined attacks on German positions that cost them dear. On 22 August the 3rd Colonial Division lost 11,000 of its 15,000 men. (...)

Rickard, J (15 August 2007), Battle of the Ardennes, 20-25 August 1914 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_ardennes_1914.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 18:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The First Shot: 22 August 1914
By Richard van Emden

The first British shots of World War One occurred near a small Belgian village in August 1914. Richard van Emden recounts a little-told prologue to a war that would last for years, and ultimately cost millions of lives.

The first waves of troops
On 21 August 1914, a squadron of 120 cavalrymen belonging to the 4th Dragoon Guards were sent forward to reconnoitre the land ahead of the advancing British Expeditionary Force.

The first wave of troops of the BEF had landed on the continent up to a week before, yet no contact had been made with the enemy. However, as British forces advanced deeper into France and then Belgium, unmistakable reports were being received from civilians that large numbers of German troops were advancing through Brussels towards the Belgian town of Mons.

Among the cavalrymen that day was a 16-year-old boy, Benjamin Clouting, the son of a groom working on a large estate in Sussex. Ben had grown up around the stables and had learned to ride from an early age. A boyhood interest in all things military, and a love for horses, brought Ben to the attention of several army officers who visited the big house. One of the officers, Adrian Carton de Wiart, who was later to win the Victoria Cross in the war, encouraged the young boy to enlist and so in August 1913, Ben joined up despite being just 15 years old.

One year later, he was still well underage when the war broke out. Nevertheless, he was a fully trained cavalryman and was allowed to travel to France, although only after adamantly refusing to be left behind in England. Now, three weeks after war had been declared, he found himself riding, on a warm summer evening, in an advance guard towards thousands of enemy soldiers.

Unbeknown to him, he was about to be involved in the first engagement undertaken by British soldiers on continental Europe since the Battle of Waterloo, 99 years earlier. In an interview given shortly before he died in 1990, Ben recalled the first British contact with the enemy and the opening shot - the first of billions fired in the four-year war.

The calm before the storm
'All four troops of C Squadron were on outpost that night with two troops of around 60 men on standby, saddled up, ready to move at a moment's notice. Our troop, 4th Troop, had halted in a cornfield, along the back of which ran a wood. A screen of sentries was sent out, allowing the rest to eat something or catch up on some sleep. Everything was still and quiet; everyone was tense. We tied the horses' reins round our wrists, while those too nervous to rest talked to each other in whispers. We were warned that for all we knew we might already be surrounded and that we mustn't speak to anyone. A few of us slackened our horses' girths to let them breathe freely. But silence was the order and, as horses were prone to play with their loose bit bars, we held or tied our handkerchiefs around the bars to muffle any sound.'

The Dragoons spent a largely quiet night close to a main road that ran through the Belgian village of Casteau, just north east of Mons. There was only one scare when, at 2am, a horse was heard to approach. With orders to fire on anyone suspicious, the Dragoons readied themselves to shoot, only to discover, at the last moment, that the man was one of their own, unconcernedly smoking a cigar as he returned from a patrol. The rest of the night passed peacefully. Then, at 6am on 22 August, the Dragoons regrouped and moved off.

First contact
'At about 6.30am, we arrived at a farm on the corner of a staggered crossroads and began watering our horses in a trough. There were already a few people about and as we waited, a farm worker came in saying he'd seen four German cavalrymen coming down the road.

'There was a flurry of activity, and a plan was hatched to capture the patrol as it passed. Four men from 4th Troop were dismounted and ordered to fire a volley of shots into the patrol at close quarters. This would be followed by 2nd Troop charging forward and bagging the remainder. I, along with the rest of 4th troop, was placed out of sight, mounted, waiting with drawn sword. I believe a man was sent out behind a hedge to signal when the Germans were about to arrive, but in his excitement he ran to grab his horse and gave the position away.

'The Germans probably observed the horse for they were seen to stop for a moment, then pull their horses round and return the way they had come. There was consternation amongst the Dragoons, until Captain Hornby made an appeal to his squadron leader, Major Tom Bridges, to give chase. A brief nod, and assent was given.'

Opening salvos
'The 1st Troop with Captain Hornby at their head went after them, and the rest of the squadron followed on in support, with drawn swords. Our troop officer, Lieutenant Pigeon, led the troop at a fast canter, and everyone was highly excited. As the Germans retired into the village they met up with a larger group of cavalrymen, and, owing to the congestion, were soon caught by the 1st Troop. A fight immediately broke out, swords clashing with lances. The German lances proved too unwieldy at close quarters and several of the enemy were downed. However, we arrived just after the Germans had scattered, with the main body splitting off and carrying on up the main road. We continued to give chase, our horses slipping all over the place as we clattered along the road's square-set stones.

'Our chase continued for perhaps a mile or more, until we found ourselves flying up a wide, rising road, tree-lined on both sides. The Germans, reaching the road's crest, turned and, though they were still mounted, began firing back down the hill. "Action front, dismount," rapped Hornby, "Get the horses under cover!" In one movement the troop returned their swords, reached for their rifles and dismounted, dashing for cover, lying flat on their stomachs behind the trees. Glancing up the hill, I saw several Germans filling the road. They made a perfect target, and Drummer Thomas, (a bandsman in the regiment) was the first into action, and shot one German from his horse.

'The Troops' rapid fire sent bullets swarming up the road, but as a designated horse holder, I did not come into action. Before dismounting, the troop had been riding in fours, and being number three, it was my job to take the reins of the two horses on my left and those of the one on my right. Spurred on by Hornby's command I made for a high redbrick garden wall that surrounded the grounds of a château and which, because it stood at right angles to the road, offered us suitable protection.

'A gate was rushed open into the neighbouring field and I, along with the other horse holders, rode through to comparative safety. It is not an easy job to bring four horses through a narrow opening; even in battle, each of us had to ensure our horses didn't catch their hips on the gate. We almost accomplished our minor feat without problems when the very last horse through got a bullet in her stomach.

'The whole action can't have lasted much more than three minutes and as the fighting abated, the order was given to cease fire and withdraw. As the troopers ran back to collect their horses, I noticed a dark chauffeur-driven limousine pull up outside the gateway to the field and, though the fighting had scarcely stopped, out stepped a young, fair-headed woman who proceeded to walk over and speak to the dismounted Captain Hornby. It transpired that she was a nurse and she asked, in the light of what was already taking place, if she might be allowed to go on duty at Mons.

'We never knew the extent of German casualties, although as we rode back to Casteau in high spirits, a civilian ambulance passed us to render the Germans any assistance it could. As far as I am aware, we came out of the action with three prisoners, all suffering from sword wounds. We had no casualties except among the horses, which included the one with a bullet in her stomach. She managed to bring her man out, but she was finished, being pole-axed in a village nearby and handed over to a Belgian butcher.'

First shots, last shots
This little-known incident, the first action involving British soldiers in World War One, preceded the Battle of Mons by just 24 hours. During this battle it was the turn of the infantry to engage the enemy while the cavalry stood by, awaiting further orders. Later in the day, as German forces threatened to overwhelm the British infantry, a famous retreat was ordered. Ben was to take part in what became known as 'The retreat from Mons', which took the BEF out of Belgium into France and almost to the gates of Paris, a march of some 320km (200 miles).

After the retreat Ben took an active role in many of the war's later engagements such as First Ypres, Second Ypres, the Battle of the Somme, and the Battle of Passchendaele, and the final advance to victory in 1918. He was wounded twice. Ironically, the final shots of the war took place just yards away from the very spot where the 4th Dragoon Guards fought the opening engagement. A plaque dedicated to the 116th Canadian Infantry Regiment which ended up at Casteau on 11 November 1918, is on a wall just 50 metres from a stone memorial commemorating the exploits of the Dragoons.

When Ben attended the unveiling of the stone in 1939, he not only saw Captain Hornby and many of his former comrades again, but he also noticed a middle-aged lady he had seen before. She turned out to be the lady in the dark chauffeur-driven car. Her name was Louise Donnay de Casteau, and she lived in the house behind the walls of which Ben had hidden the horses 25 years earlier.

Find out more - Books
Veterans: The Last Survivors of the Great War by Richard van Emden and Steve Humphries (Pen & Sword, 1998)
1914: The Days of Hope by Lyn MacDonald (Penguin, 1989)
Tommy Goes to War by Malcolm Brown (Tempus, 2001)
The Origins of the First World War by James Joll (Longman, 1999)
Western Front by Richard Holmes (BBC Books, 1999)
The Origins of the First World War by Gordon Martel (Longman, 1996)
The First World War and International Politics by David Stevenson (Oxford University Press, 1988)


http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/firstshot_01.shtml
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 18:27    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Battle of Mons - prelude

The first battle fought by the British Army against the Germans came about simply because pre-war plans had placed the British Expeditionary Force in the way of the German advance towards Paris. This position had been agreed during pre-war discussions between the British and French Armies.

German troops entered Luxemburg on 2 August and moved into Belgium near Liege next day. The British Government declared war on 4 August 1914, and by 22 August the four infantry divisions and one cavalry division of the BEF had disembarked in France and taken up their positions just across the Belgian border, some miles south of Mons, on the extreme left of the Allied line

By this time the German armies were moving en masse towards the west. Their plan had placed much strength on their right flank, which was by now streaming through Belgium with the First Army under von Kluck - the largest of their armies - moving on Ath and Mons. The British command quickly became convinced by cavalry reports, together with those by aerial observation, that German troops were closing in on Mons.

Mons was in 1914 the regional centre of a heavy mining and engineering industry. The landscape is gently hilly, cut by canals, railways and roads, and pitted with coal mining slagheaps. The weather was fine and warm.

First clash: 22 August 1914

At dawn on Saturday 22 August 1914, C Squadron of the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards, commanded by Major Tom Bridges, pushed out two patrols north from Mons towards Soignies and met the Germans for the first time. There is a memorial near the spot today. C Squadron commenced a reconnaissance along the road heading out from Maisières. Four enemy cavalrymen of the 2nd Kuirassiers emerged from the direction of Casteau. They were spotted by the British and turned around, whereupon they were pursued by the 1st Troop under Captain Hornby and the 4th Troop. Corporal E. Thomas of the 4th opened fire near the chateau of Ghislain, the first British soldier to do so in the Great War. He was uncertain whether he killed or wounded the German soldier that he hit. Meanwhile, Hornby led his men in hot pursuit and charged the Germans, killing several. He returned with his sword presented, revealing German blood. There were other cavalry encounters with the enemy in the areas of La Louvière and Binche.

During the day and in rear of the cavalry screen, the British infantry took up a thin line of roughly entrenched positions along the Mons-Conde canal, following it round the pronounced salient to the north of the town, with the I Corps to the east echeloned back and facing north-east. It was decided that, if pressure grew on the outposts along the canal, then the II Corps would evacuate Mons and take up a defensive position among the pit villages and slag heaps a little way to the south. The Germans were apparently unaware of the presence of the BEF in this area until the skirmishes on the 22nd, and even then they did not know the British strength.

http://www.1914-1918.net/bat1.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 18:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Battle of Mons

(...) On 22 August the five divisions of the BEF (four infantry and one cavalry) reached the Mons-Condé canal and took up positions along twenty miles of the canal. Sir John French, the commander of the BEF, had been expecting to join a French offensive into Belgium, but this plan had been based on a misunderstanding of the German plan. On 22 August the French had suffered a serious setback at the Sambre, when their Fifth Army had been attacked by the German Second and Third Armies.

During the night of 22 August French received a request to launch a counterattack against what was believed to be the right flank of the German army advancing through Belgium. This belief was mistaken. The German First Army, under General Alexander von Kluck, was advancing directly towards the British position – there was no open flank to attack. Fortunately French did not agree to the French plan, and instead simply promised to hold the line of the canal for 24 hours. (...)

Rickard, J (15 August 2007), Battle of Mons, 23 August 1914 , http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_mons.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 18:31    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

4th Bn Royal Fusiliers, 22 August 1914

"A" Company of the 4th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (9th Brigade, 3rd Division) on 22 August, 1914, resting in the square at Mons, Belgium, the day before the Battle of Mons. Minutes after this photo was taken the company moved into position at Nimy on the bank of the Mons-Condé Canal.

Foto... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:4th_Bn_Royal_Fusiliers_22_August_1914.jpg
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 18:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

von Bulow, Le Général, Poster, 22 August 1914

Description: "Ordre a la Population Liégeoise. La population d’Andenne après avoir témoigné des intentions pacifiques ... Liége, le 22 août 1914. [signed Le Général von Bulow". Poster. Since the population of Andenne had attacked the occupying German troops, the commanding officer, with the authorization of Von Bulow, burnt the city and had 110 people executed.

Poster... http://pw20c.mcmaster.ca/von-bulow-le-g-n-ral-poster-22-august-1914
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 18:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Grandad's War

The Battalion began to move northwards on the 21st August, which was a very hot day. Gommignies was reached about mid-day after a march of about 15 miles, and here they billetted for the night.

'It had been a hard day for the reservists' wrote Crookenden, 'who were unaccustomed to carrying a heavy pack, and there were a few stragglers. They were willing to a man and all arrived in billets later, but the heat, together with the weight they were called upon to carry, was too much for their physical capabilities after the comparative ease of civilian life'.

Next morning, the 22nd, there was a further march of 15 miles to Boussu, crossing the Franco-Belgian frontier on the way. The road was hard going, made up of uneven pavé. Several Reservists dropped out, but all but 4 rejoined in billets later.

The Mons-Conde Canal was reached, and amid rumours that the Germans were in strength beyondnd it. The 5th Division was deployed with 13th and 14th Brigades. on the canal line and 15th Brigade in reserve in the billeting area.

http://grandadswar.mrallsophistory.com/aug1914.html
Inclusief een foto van het Memorial near Casteau commemorating the first shots fired on 22 August 1914
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 18:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Challenge of War: August 1914-1916

The Churchills were apart during the first month the war and they worried about each other. Clementine was at Cromer, a Norfolk coastal town. Winston, concerned about an invasion, suggested that she "strike your flag and come ashore." She worried about his workload and made some suggestions on how he could avoid exhaustion: "Never missing your morning ride. Going to bed well before midnight and sleeping well and not allowing yourself to be woken up every time a Belgian kills a German. Not smoking too much and not having indigestion."

One of his earliest accomplishments was to import 80,000 men, 30,000 horses, 315 field guns and 125 machine guns to the continent between 10 and 22 August. On 23 August British and German troops clashed for the first time since the eighteenth century and within a day British troops were in full retreat. Churchill noted: "Poor Kitchener! It was like seeing old John Bull on the rack!"

http://www.winstonchurchill.org/learn/biography/timelines/the-challenge-of-war-august-1914-1916
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 19:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

CASTEAU - 4th DRAGOON GUARDS

22nd AUGUST 1914 - On the 22nd August 1914 the 4th Dragoon Guards were on a reconnaissance patrol on the outskirts of Mons, looking for the enemy. It was at this point that the British first exchanged shots with the Germans; shots that were later credited as being the 'First Shots of the British Army in the Great War'. They were fired by Corporal E.Thomas, who would later transfer to the Machine Gun Corps and win the Military Medal. He survived the war and moved to Brighton, in Sussex. In the 1930s he wrote his account of what happened for the weekly magazine 'The Great War: I Was There'. This is an extract from that account:

“Major Bridges… gave the order ‘4th Troop, dismounted ready for action; 1st Troop, behind, draw swords ready to go!’ I can recall no sense of battle of ferocity of encounter event at that moment, or anything that seemed more exciting that one of the peace-time manoeuvres.

I saw a troop of Uhlans coming leisurely down the road, the officer in front smoking a cigar. We were anxiously watching their movements when… they halted, as if they smelt a rat. They had seen us! They turned quickly back. Captain Hornby got permission to follow on with the sabre troop, and down the road they galloped.

My troop was ordered to follow on in support, and we galloped on through the little village of Casteau. Then it was we could see the 1st Troop using their swords and scattering the Uhlans left and right. We caught them up.

Captain Hornby gave the order ‘4th Troop, dismounted action!’ We found cover for our horses by the side of the chateau wall. Bullets were flying past us and all round us, and possibly because I was rather noted for my quick movements… I was first in action. I could see a German cavalry officer some 400 yards away standing mounted in full view of me… immediately I saw him I took aim, pulled the trigger and automatically, almost as it seemed instantaneously, he fell to the ground, obviously wounded, but whether he was killed or not is a matter that I do not think was ever cleared up…

… That rifle was the first shot that was fired by a rifle in the British Army, and I cannot repeat too often that at that time it seemed to me more like rifle practice on the plains of Salisbury.

… This now historic moment now over, and the job that we had been appointed to do discharged, our C Squadron patrol… safely withdrew, with five prisoners captured in the sabre charge, to our position at the little village of Casteau, off the main road at Soignies.”


http://battlefields1418.50megs.com/casteau.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 19:06    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Canada off the Gold Standard (1914-26)

(...) This and the previous Order-in-Council were subsequently converted into legislation as “An Act to Conserve the Commercial and Financial Interests of Canada” (the Finance Act), which received royal assent on 22 August 1914. (...)

Leuk pdf'je... http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en/dollar_book/1914-26.pdf
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 19:10    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

British Expeditionary Force order of battle (1914)

The British Expeditionary Force order of battle 1914, as originally despatched to France in August and September 1914, at the beginning of the First World War. (...)

http://wapedia.mobi/en/British_Expeditionary_Force_order_of_battle_(1914)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2010 19:13    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

An Episode in the Battle of the Frontiers
By Christina Holstein

On 22 August, 1914, the French 3rd Colonial Infantry Division, marching along the road from Rossignol to Neufchateau (Belgium) encountered the German 6th Army Corps and, in a day of desperate fighting, were defeated with losses of over 8500 officers and men. The loss of officers was frightful and included all three generals (two killed and one wounded and taken prisoner), almost all the officers of 1st Brigade and another 60 officers from 3rd Brigade. Only one officer survived from the divisional artillery. The French put 32 guns out of action and the remainder were either destroyed or captured. German losses were also serious but not as high as the French.

On the following day, 122 civilians, mostly from Rossignol, were rounded up by German troops and taken away to Arlon, where they were shot by Shoppach bridge. The bodies, at first buried in a civilian cemetery at Arlon, were returned to Rossignol after the war in the presence of the King of the Belgians. The present mausoleum was inaugurated in 1925.

http://www.worldwar1.com/tgws/smtw0804.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Aug 2010 7:21    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Alle doden op het kerkhof Anloy-Heide vielen op 22 augustus 1914

http://www.ftlb.be/nl/attractions/musee/fiche.php?avi_id=971

Tevens werden in Anloy 60 burgers vermoor dop die dag door de Duitsers ( foot's monument volgen volgende week)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 30 Aug 2010 7:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Op 22 augustus 1914, samen met de in dienst treding van Maissin, werd op het grond-gebied van Anloy een bloedige strijd geleverd tussen het XVIIIe corps van het Duitse leger en het 17e corps van het Franse leger. Het geheel speelde zich af in de velden en de bossen die zich buiten het dorp uitstrekken langs de baan naar Framont. Verscheide-ne malen probeerden de Fransen, die zich verspreid hadden achter de bosrand, door te stoten naar het open veld, maar zodra ze onbeschut waren, vielen de mannen onder het vuur van de mitrailleurs en de artillerieschoten. Aan hun kant bestormden de Duitsers herhaaldelijk de bossen. Tevergeefs ! De strijd was eindeloos en de verliezen gruwelijk. Tenslotte gaven de Fransen gehoor aan het bevel tot algemene terugtrekking en zakten af naar Fays-les-Veneurs en Paliseul. Noodgedwongen lieten ze een slagveld vol doden en gewonden achter. Op deze plaats die er nu zo vredig uitziet,verloren een duizendtal mannen het leven. Hier werd, in het bos dat hen nog levend gezien heeft, hun stoffelijk overschot ter ruste gelegd.

http://www.ftlb.be/nl/attractions/musee/fiche.php?avi_id=971

ja late antwoorden maar ik ben er gisteren geweest.
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BerichtGeplaatst: 22 Aug 2014 19:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Namen 1914 @ 22 Aug 2014 18:10 schreef:
Vandaag is het 100 jaar geleden dat de Vlaamse schrijver Ernest Claes in de buurt van Namur gewond geraakte (z. zijn boek UIT DEN OORLOG - NAMEN 1914).
Hartelijke groeten
Johannes

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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Aug 2014 16:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Percy Toplis @ 22 Aug 2010 19:13 schreef:
An Episode in the Battle of the Frontiers
By Christina Holstein

On 22 August, 1914, the French 3rd Colonial Infantry Division, marching along the road from Rossignol to Neufchateau (Belgium) encountered the German 6th Army Corps and, in a day of desperate fighting, were defeated with losses of over 8500 officers and men. The loss of officers was frightful and included all three generals (two killed and one wounded and taken prisoner), almost all the officers of 1st Brigade and another 60 officers from 3rd Brigade. Only one officer survived from the divisional artillery. The French put 32 guns out of action and the remainder were either destroyed or captured. German losses were also serious but not as high as the French.

On the following day, 122 civilians, mostly from Rossignol, were rounded up by German troops and taken away to Arlon, where they were shot by Shoppach bridge. The bodies, at first buried in a civilian cemetery at Arlon, were returned to Rossignol after the war in the presence of the King of the Belgians. The present mausoleum was inaugurated in 1925.

http://www.worldwar1.com/tgws/smtw0804.htm


Precies 100 jaar geleden was het de dodelijkste dag van WOI

http://deredactie.be/cm/vrtnieuws/videozone/programmas/journaal/EP_140822_JO1?video=1.2066849
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Aug 2014 17:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Het grote aantal gesneuvelde Fransen was te wijten aan hun volstrekte gebrek aan welke camouflage dan ook.....
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BerichtGeplaatst: 23 Aug 2014 18:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Lingekopf @ 23 Aug 2014 17:37 schreef:
Het grote aantal gesneuvelde Fransen was te wijten aan hun volstrekte gebrek aan welke camouflage dan ook.....


Dat was nog het minste probleem. Het grote aantal slachtoffers was voornamelijk te wijten aan verkeerde tactieken en strategie en een blind geloof in de "attaque à l'outrance".
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