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De Kapp-LŁttwitz Putsch

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Geregistreerd op: 7-2-2012
Berichten: 51

BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2012 17:35    Onderwerp: De Kapp-LŁttwitz Putsch Reageer met quote

De Kapp Putsch
De Kapp-Putsch, of preciezer aangeduid de Kapp-LŁttwitz-Putsch, was een poging tot staatsgreep in Duitsland en had tot doel de Weimarrepubliek omver te werpen. De putsch was een direct gevolg van de bepalingen van het Verdrag van Versailles.

"Kapp-Putsch (13.-17.3.1920). - Provisorisch gepanzertes Fahrzeug der Truppen der neuen Regierung Kapp, Berlin, Potsdamer StraŖe"
Deutsches Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1972-033-17

In March 1920 the Erhardt brigade, wearing swastikas and supported by the prominent Reichswehr Generals LŁttwitz and Ludendorff, chased the SPD-led government from Berlin. The putsch installed a retired civil servant, Kapp, as the new Chancellor. (Three years later Ludendorff would jointly lead the "Beer Hall putsch" with Hitler). Kapp like Hitler, warned of the threat of "destruction and violation by war-like Bolshevism." He too claimed his government would "not be a one-sided capitalist one. It will rather save German work from the hard fate of slavery to international big business... In the best German tradition the State must stand above the conflict of classes and parties, [although] striking is treason to the nation, the Fatherland and the future." The seriousness of this ruling class effort was underlined by the refusal of von Seekt, chief of the Army High Command to lift a finger against Kapp. The army had supported the republican government against the revolutionary left and the militant workers, but now that the Freikorps had accomplished its gruesome task, might it perhaps be safe to dispose of the SPD too? Seekt was unsure of the answer and decided to bide his time to see if Kapp could succeed. The same attitude prevailed in industry where "the leading men of big business" proclaimed their 'neutrality', which amounted to according the new government parity with the old. Only when the failure of the venture became evident did they distance themselves from the putschists." The putsch was defeated when the ADGB unions launched a massive general strike. Not only was Kapp's government forced to resign, soon the workers' offensive, which had been subdued by a year of Freikorps bloodletting, resumed. Kapp's tactics had failed, but this did not rule out future attempts under other leaders.

In Bavaria, however, the outcome was different. Only here did the putsch succeed. During Kapp's brief rule a right-winger called Kahr took over. When the putschists were finally swept away in Berlin and elsewhere, Kahr remained in office. From this point on Bavaria was even better disposed towards extreme right-wing groups, among them the NSDAP.

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