Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog
Hét WO1-forum voor Nederland en Vlaanderen
 
 FAQFAQ   ZoekenZoeken   GebruikerslijstGebruikerslijst   WikiWiki   RegistreerRegistreer 
 ProfielProfiel   Log in om je privé berichten te bekijkenLog in om je privé berichten te bekijken   InloggenInloggen   Actieve TopicsActieve Topics 

11 mei

 
Plaats nieuw bericht   Plaats Reactie    Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index -> Wat gebeurde er vandaag... Actieve Topics
Vorige onderwerp :: Volgende onderwerp  
Auteur Bericht
Yvonne
Admin


Geregistreerd op: 2-2-2005
Berichten: 45653

BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Mei 2006 6:59    Onderwerp: 11 mei Reageer met quote

Der Weltkrieg am 11. Mai 1918

DEUTSCHER HEERESBERICHT - TÜRKISCHER HEERESBERICHT



Der deutsche Heeresbericht:
Heftige Artilleriekämpfe an der Somme

Großes Hauptquartier, 11. Mai.
Westlicher Kriegsschauplatz:
Im Kemmelgebiet war die Artillerietätigkeit zeitweilig lebhaft. Wir führten kleinere Unternehmungen mit Erfolg durch. Französische Teilangriffe nördlich von Kemmel und bei Loker wurden abgewiesen. Auf dem Schlachtfelde an der Somme entwickelten sich mehrfach heftige Infanteriegefechte. Englische Regimenter griffen nach mehrstündiger Feuerwirkung unsere Linien im Walde von Aveluy vergeblich an. Ihre Angriffswellen erlitten in unserem Feuer schwerste Verluste. Ebenso scheiterten nächtliche Angriffe des Feindes gegen Hangard. Auf dem Westufer der Avre faßte der Franzose im Park von Grivesnes Fuß. Im übrigen brach auch hier sein Angriff blutig zusammen.
Erkundungsgefechte am Oise-Aisne-Kanal, in der Champagne und nordöstlich von Pont-ŕ-Mousson im Walde; von Apremont wiesen wir den Vorstoß eines durch Pioniere und Flammenwerfer verstärkten französischen Bataillons ab.
Mit starkem Minenbeschuß fügten wir den Amerikanern südwestlich von Apremont und nördlich von Parroy schwere Verluste zu.
Mazedonische Front:
Nordwestlich von Makotwo drangen deutsche Stoßtrupps in französische Gräben und machten Gefangene.

Der Erste Generalquartiermeister
Ludendorff. 1)


Infanteriegefechte an Lys und Avre

Berlin, 11. Mai. (Amtlich.)
Örtliche Infanteriegefechte am Südufer der Lys und auf dem Westufer der Avre. Sonst nichts von Bedeutung. 1)



Der türkische Heeresbericht:

Konstantinopel, 11. Mai.
Palästinafront: Zwischen der Küste und dem Jordan kam es zeitweise zu heftigen Artilleriekämpfen. Sonst nichts Neues.
www.stahlgewitter.com
_________________
Met hart en ziel
De enige echte

https://twitter.com/ForumWO1
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail Bekijk de homepage
Yvonne
Admin


Geregistreerd op: 2-2-2005
Berichten: 45653

BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Mei 2006 7:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

May 11

1919 Germans prepare to protest Versailles Treaty terms

During the second week of May 1919, the recently arrived German delegation to the Versailles Peace Conference, convened in Paris after the end of the First World War, pore over their copies of the Treaty of Versailles, drawn up in the months preceding by representatives of their victorious enemies, and prepare to lodge their objections to what they considered to be unfairly harsh treatment.

Presented with the treaty on May 7, 1919, the German delegation was given two weeks to examine the terms and submit their official comments in writing. The Germans, who had put great faith in U.S. President Woodrow Wilson’s notion of a so-called “peace without victory” and had pointed to his famous Fourteen Points as the basis upon which they sought peace in November 1918, were greatly angered and disillusioned by the treaty. As Ulrich von Brockdorff-Rantzau, Germany’s foreign minister, put it: “This fat volume was quite unnecessary. They could have expressed the whole thing more simply in one clause—Germany renounces its existence.”

Driven by French and British desires to make Germany pay for the role it had played in the most devastating conflict the world had yet seen, Wilson and the other Allied representatives at the peace conference had indeed moved away from a pure “peace without victory.” Germany was to lose 13 percent of its territory and 10 percent of its population. It was denied initial membership in the League of Nations, the international peace-keeping organization established by the treaty. The treaty also required Germany to pay reparations, though the actual amount ended up being less than what France had paid after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71.

The real German objection to the Treaty of Versailles, however, was to the infamous Article 231, which forced Germany to accept sole blame for the war in order to justify the reparations. Despite much debate among the Allies themselves and over strenuous German protests—including by Brockdorff-Rantzau, who wrote to the Allies on May 13 that “The German people did not will the war and would never have undertaken a war of aggression”—Article 231 remained in the treaty. The Germans were given a deadline of June 16 to accept their terms; this was later extended to June 23. Pressured by the Allies and thrown into confusion by crisis within the Weimar government at home, the Germans gave in and accepted the terms at 5:40 p.m. on May 23.

The Versailles Treaty was signed on June 28, 1919. Meanwhile, opposition to the treaty and its Article 231, seen as a symbol of the injustice and harshness of the whole document, festered within Germany. As the years passed, full-blown hatred slowly settled into a smoldering resentment of the treaty and its authors, a resentment that would, two decades later, be counted—to an arguable extent—among the causes of the Second World War.
www.historychannel.com
_________________
Met hart en ziel
De enige echte

https://twitter.com/ForumWO1
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail Bekijk de homepage
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 8:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Lijst van zeppelins

Dit is een complete lijst van Zeppelins gebouwd door de oorspronkelijke Duitse Zeppelinfabrieken tussen 1900 en 1938. Andere typen luchtschepen die soms Zeppelin worden genoemd zijn niet in deze lijst inbegrepen. Deze zijn zo veel mogelijk verzameld in de lijst van luchtschepen.

Productienummer: LZ23
Naam/tactisch nummer: Z VIII
Gebruik: Militair
Eerste vlucht: 11 mei 1914
Opmerkingen: Op dezelfde vlucht als de Z VII op 21 augustus 1914; na een noodlanding achter de vijandelijke linies veroverd en geplunderd door Franse troepen

Productienummer: LZ24
Naam/tactisch nummer: L 3
Gebruik: Militair
Eerste vlucht: 11 mei 1914
Opmerkingen: 24 verkenningsvluchten boven de Noordzee; nam deel aan de eerste aanval op Engeland op 20 januari 1915; vernietigd door de bemanning na een noodlanding door motorpech in Denemarken op 17 februari 1915

Lees verder op http://wapedia.mobi/nl/Lijst_van_zeppelins
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 8:48    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1915-1993: Het begon met kogellagers

In 1907 werd door Sven Wingquist AB Svenska Kullager Fabriken opgericht, oftewel SKF, die zou uitgroeien tot een kogellagergigant. Waarom is dit belangrijk om te weten? Omdat Sven Wingquist en zijn SKF van doorslaggevende betekenis zijn geweest voor Volvo.

Zeven jaar na de oprichting werd Björn Prytz van SKF naar de VS gestuurd om te onderzoeken of een goedkope kogellager onder de naam Volvo een levenskans bezat. Dat bleek blijkbaar zo te zijn, want op 11 mei 1915 liet SKF Volvo als merknaam registreren. De registratie voor het Latijnse "ik rol" gold niet alleen kogellagers, maar onder andere ook automobielen en andere transportmiddelen.

In 1914 werd op Hisingen Nordiska Kullagerfabriken i Göteborg (NKA) opgericht om met SKF te kunnen concurreren. Dat lukte niet, mede omdat SKF de prijs van de Volvolagers verlaagde. SKF nam NKA over en kreeg daardoor ook de beschikking over de fabriekslokalen op Hisingen.

Na deze overname werd Volvo in 1919 op de plank gelegd en ging verder door het leven als een papieren bedrijf. Het openbreken van de Amerikaanse markt met behulp van Volvolagers bleek namelijk niet haalbaar te zijn.

Lees verder op http://www.volvo200.org/volvo/19151993.htm
Tekst eventueel ook te bekomen in Zweeds!
Quote:
Sju ĺr efter grundandet skickades Björn Prytz frĺn SKF till USA för att undersöka om ett billigt kullager under namnet Volvo kunde existera. Tydligen var det möjligt, eftersom SKF lät registrera Volvo som varunamn den 11 maj 1915. Registreringen av det latinska "jag rullar" gällde inte bara kullager, utan även bland annat automobiler och andra transportmedel.

_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 8:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

HET MOEILIJKE JAAR 1915 IN NEDERLAND

Achtergronden bij de toenadering tussen René De Clercq en Jan Derek Domela Nieuwenhuis Nyegaard

Tussen 11 mei en 23 mei 1915 leek zich een nieuwe tendens bij De Clercq te ontwikkelen. Op de eerste datum dook een voorzichtig Groot-Neerlandisme op, dat in de loop van de volgende weken en maanden aan kracht won. Net op het ogenblik dat de machinaties van Frederik Carel Gerretson een aanvang namen om greep te krijgen op De Vlaamsche Stem. Het gedicht van 23 mei, De dag is sterk, betekende het einde van de reeks Belgisch-nationalistische, roya-listische en anti-Duitse gedichten. De specifieke flamingantische problematiek, en meer bepaald die van de vernederlandsing van de Gentse universiteit, dook nu op, zij het dan met een oud gedicht, destijds gepubliceerd in De Witte Kaproen (februari 1911): het centrale vraagstuk dat alle geesten overmeesterde nu een Duitse maatregel op komst was, was defini-tief aan de orde gesteld.

Interessante PDF... http://www.renedeclercq.be/Het%20moeilijke%20jaar%201915%20in%20Nederland.pdf
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 8:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Het reuzenkanon van de Predikboom : Lange Max teistert Duinkerke en de Westhoek

In 1996 verscheen bij uitgeverij De Klaproos 'Het drama van Esen' van de hand van Luc Ervinck (+) en Siegfried Debaeke. Hierna volgt een verkorte weergave van het tekstgedeelte dat over Lange Max handelt:

(...) Het reuzenkanon schrikte ook de burgers op die op enkele kilometers van de Predikboom woonden. In het dagboek van Felicien Vanhove lezen we hoe "geweldig en ijselijk" het geschot te Zarren hoorbaar was. Op donderdag 29 april schreef hij b.v. dat ze in de namiddag om de vijf minuten met dat kanon op Duinkerke schoten: "Men hoort hem schoon roken en hoorde hem ontploffen op de linkerkant van Arthur Vanpetegems huis, als wij hier in den hof staan, zo een 1.000 meters verder nog of de Steenstraat."

Tussen 26 april en 11 mei 1915 schoot het kanon van de Predikboom 120 projectielen af. Vanaf 8 mei leverde Franse artillerie echter heftig weerwerk met een kanon dat ze te Koksijde geinstalleerd. Na onophoudelijke beschietingen kon ze op 11 mei het kanon van de Predikboom voorlopig het zwijgen opleggen.

Op 22 juni nam het beruchte kanon echter de Westhoek weer onder vuur.

Lees verder op http://users.belgacom.net/gc153876/DramavanEsen.html
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 9:01    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1916)

11 mei 1916 - De burgemeester van Baarle-Nassau weigerde een lijst te geven van Belgische vluchtelingen die op zijn grondgebied verblijven. (Gemeente-archief Baarle-Hertog; 2.073.564 Register van Briefwisseling)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla15/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=189:07-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1916&catid=90:oorlog&Itemid=118
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 9:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Gefusilleerden op de Schietbaan te Gent - Oostakker ( W.O. 1 )

Adolf VAN HECKE , schipper te Antwerpen , geboren te Lokeren op 10 juni 1876 , terechtgesteld te Charleroi op 11 mei 1917

August Jan HOFMAN , scheepsbevrachter te Antwerpen , geboren te Stekene op 18 juli 1862 , terechtgesteld te Charleroi op 11 mei 1917.

Lees verder op http://www.praats.be/schietbaangent.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 9:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De Bij in beroering: het 6de Waarneming Smaldeel

Mei 1918: Er worden splinternieuwe Spad XI geleverd aan het 6de Smaldeel; deze zullen er een gedeelte van de waarnemingsvliegtuigen RE.8 en de acht Sopwith Strutters vervangen.

11 mei 1918: Sergeant piloot Degrauw, opgestegen voor de bescherming van een verkenningsvliegtuig, wordt vermist gemeld. De sergeant is wel degelijk veilig en wel, maar werd opgepakt door de Duitsers na een noodlanding in vijandelijke lijnen, veroorzaakt door technische problemen.

http://www.mil.be/aircomp/units/index.asp?LAN=nl&FILE=&ID=617&PAGE=11&MENU=432
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 9:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Copa América 1919

De Copa América 1919 (eigenlijk het Zuid-Amerikaans voetbalkampioenschap, want de naam Copa América werd pas gebruikt vanaf 1975) was een toernooi dat gehouden werd in Rio de Janeiro, Brazilië van 11 mei tot 29 mei 1919.

Er was geen kwalificatie voor het toernooi. De landen die meededen waren Argentinië, Brazilië, Chili en Uruguay.

Wie er won? Ga naar http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copa_Am%C3%A9rica_1919
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 9:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Maritieme kalender

Welke maritieme gebeurtenissen vonden plaats op welke dag of in welke maand?

11 mei 1916 - Het voormalige flottieljevaartuig van de Gouvernements Marine 'Mataram' wordt aangewezen om als instructievaartuig dienst te doen voor de net opgerichte Kweekschool voor Inlandse Schepelingen in Makassar.
Bron: H. de Bles e.a: 'Vloot vereeuwigd, honderd jaar Koninklijke Marine in foto' (2002)

11 mei 1917 - Aan boord van de tanker ss. 'American' van de American Petroleum Company doet zich een explosie voor bij het schoonmaken van de tanks in het dok van Wilton's Machinefabriek en Scheepswerf te Schiedam. Van de drie in de tank aanwezige classificeerders wordt er één gedood en raken er twee zwaar gewond.
Bron: 'De Zee' (1917)

http://www.scheepvaartmuseum.nl/collectie/maritieme-kalender?j=&m=5&d=11
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 9:42    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

11 May 1914, Commons Sitting

RANGE-FINDERS.


HC Deb 11 May 1914 vol 62 c723 723

Captain FABER asked the Secretary of State for War if he will state how many one-man range-finders have been authorised per battalion for the Expeditionary Force, and what proportion for the Army in India?

The UNDER-SECRETARY of STATE for WAR (Mr. H. J. Tennant) The answer to the first part of the question is five. The Army Council have no information to enable them to answer the second part.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1914/may/11/range-finders
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 9:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Liebknecht criticizes preparations for war

In a speech to the Reichstag in Berlin on 11 May 1914, the social democrat Karl Liebknecht condemns all measures taken by the Reich government to prepare for a war in Europe.

http://www.willy-brandt.org/bwbs_biografie/index.html?l=en&id=666&year=1914&month=5
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 10:17    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letters from Tsar Nicholas to Tsaritsa Alexandra

Stavka. 11 May, 1915.

MY OWN DEAR LOVE,

It is exactly a week to-day since I went away. I am so sorry that I have not written to you since then! But, one way and another, it happens that I am just as busy here as at home. The morning reports, as you can imagine, have been lengthy. Then church, nearly everyday, endless conversations and so forth. This took up nearly all my time, if one does not count half of the early evening, which is filled up with useful occupations. After tea there is a hasty survey of the papers, often vsenoshchnaia [vespers] and dinner - with the result that I have a headache in the evening and am completely exhausted. But that has all passed, and everything has become better and more normal, as it used to be. When I arrived, a mood of depression and despondency reigned here. In a half-hour's talk, N. has clearly explained the whole state of affairs. Ivanov's Chief of Staff, poor General Dragomirov, went off his head, and he began to tell people right and left that it was necessary to retreat to Kiev. Such talk, coming from above, naturally affected the spirit (moral) of the generals in command and, combined with desperate German attacks and our terrible losses, led them to the conclusion that there was nothing left for them to do except to retreat. Since January, N. had given them all strict orders to fortify their positions in the rear. This was not done. Therefore, Radko-Dmitriev was compelled to leave his army, while Lesh was appointed his successor. Dragomirov was replaced by Gen. Savitch, an excellent man, who has arrived from Vladivostok with his Siberian Corps. Ivanov had given orders to evacuate even Przemysl. I felt all this before N. told me of it. But now, after the appointment of Savitch, thanks to God and also to his (Savitch's) strong and cool will and clear head, the mood of the generals has changed. Danilov, who came back yesterday, is absolutely reassured by what he has seen and heard. The moral condition of our troops is admirable, as it always has been; the only thing which causes anxiety, as in the past, is the shortage of munitions. Fancy, the same thing has happened to the Germans according to what the prisoners tell our officers - namely, that they were obliged to hold up their attacks owing to their supplies of ammunition being exhausted and their terrible losses. N. is very pleased with Gen. Alexeiev, my crosseyed friend, and thinks him a man in the right place.

Now you can judge for yourself whether I could go away from here in such difficult circumstances. It would have been understood as meaning that I avoided staying with the army at critical moments. Poor N., while telling me this, wept in my private'roorn, and even asked me whether I thought of replacing him by a more capable man. He was not at all excited (overwrought]; I felt that he was saying exactly what he thought. He kept on thanking me for staying here, because my presence here supported him personally. . That is how it is. I have explained it all to you, my treasure. Now my conscience is clear. I hope to return about the morning pf the 14th - that is, if everything goes smoothly.

The sudden death of Admiral Essen is a heavy loss to the country I Admiral Kanin will be appointed to Essen's post - a man whom the latter valued very highly. For the last few days the weather has been magnificent, the woods smell so delightfully and the birds sing so loudly. It is a veritable rustic idyll - if only it were not for the war I I drive about in a car, look at new places, get out and walk.

I am sending you this telegram of N.'s, which was received only this morning. I am delighted with your regiment; of course Bat. will receive his cross.

I must finish. God bless you, my darling Sunny, and the dear childr!n! Give A. my greetings. I kiss you tenderly and remain

Ever your loving old hubby

Nicky.

NOTES: LESH, appointed to the 3rd Army in succession to Radko-Dmitriev. SAVITCH: General Savitch, appointed to be Chief of Staff to General Ivanov, was a capable and reliable soldier. ESSEN: Admiral N. 0. Essen. He had taken part in the Japanese war, and commanded first the cruiser "Novik" and then the battleship "Sevastopol." He was Chief of the Operations Department of the Naval General Staff, and later commanded a part of the Baltic Fleet, hoisting his flag on the cruiser "Rurik." His death took place at Helsingfors. KANIN: Admiral V. A. Kanin, a member of the Council of State.
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 15:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

11 May 1915, Commons Sitting

HORSESHOES.


HC Deb 11 May 1915 vol 71 cc1454-5 1454

Colonel YATE asked whether orders have been issued to discontinue the supply of English hand-made horseshoes for the use of the Army, and contracts have bean given for American machine-made shoes to replace them; whether the latter are inferior in quality to the. English hand-made shoes and more difficult to fit under conditions prevailing at the front; and whether arrangements will be made for a continuance of the manufacture of English hand-made shoes, especially during next winter?

The FINANCIAL SECRETARY to the WAR OFFICE (Mr. Harold Baker) I would refer the hon. and gallant Member to the answer which I gave on this subject 1455 last Thursday to the hon. Member for Devizes, of which I will send to him a copy.

Colonel YATE May I ask whether the hon. Gentleman will not do something to give employment to British farriers during the present year? Why should they all be thrown out of employment by the giving of these contracts to America?

Mr. BAKER The hon. Member will see what is the present position. The right hon. Gentleman the Member for West Birmingham (Mr. Chamberlain) made a suggestion, and investigations are being made.

Mr. BRIDGEMAN When shall we be able to hear the result of the investigations?

Mr. BAKER I hope very soon. The matter was taken up immediately.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1915/may/11/horseshoes
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 15:08    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Signaller Ellis Silas at Anzac, Gallipoli - Diary of Signaller Ellis Silas – diary extract

11 May - Dawn. The roll is called – how heart-breaking it is – name after name is called; the reply a deep silence which can be felt, despite the noise of the incessant crackling of rifles and screaming of shrapnel – there are few of us left to answer to our names – just a thin line of weary, ashen-faced men; behind us a mass of silent forms, once our comrades – there they have been for some days, we have not had the time to bury them. We have been kept at bay by a large body of Turks, infinitely superior to us in numbers and equipment; their machine guns are a much better class than ours. An incident typical of the sang froid of our leaders has just occurred; some Staff Officers had just come up to inspect some trenches when an enemy shrapnel burst over their heads – one turned round and remarked in his ‘Varsity’ drawl, which wants to be heard to be fully appreciated, ‘I suppose it’s from Gaba Tepe.’

Return to Rest Camp. I make a sketch of the position for (I think ) General Birdwood.

6 p.m. return to trenches. Turks bombing heavily – we have had a spot of rain which has made it extremely difficult to gain a foothold. I asked Captain Margolin if he could spare a little of his jam:

‘It is not my jam,’ he exclaimed, ‘it is our jam; help yourselves.’

The stench from the corpses is appalling – I offer Captain Margolin a cigarette; though he doesn’t smoke I think he ought to try:

‘ll right Silas,’ he said, ‘I’ll see how I get on.’ He is frightfully cut up over the loss of Curlewis.

‘Silas, I can hear Curly speaking,’ he remarked.


We are served with rum, Mconichie rations, which are very good, ham and hot tea – I can eat nothing myself – ‘You must try,’ said Margy. Our periscopes are very rough and ready contrivances which make an easy mark for the Turks. Rather an amusing incident just occurred. It was a lovely evening – when going through a connecting trench, I got up and looked over at a distant landscape which was a very fine colour, gloriously unconscious of the fact that just in front of me were the enemy trenches! I was suddenly pulled down and asked if I’m tired of life. (Within a few yards of this same spot) One of our officers, Lieut. Cretchman, goes past a hole in our trenches, something less than a foot wide, and gets killed – such are the chances of War.

(Night of the 9th.) Captain Townsend said, ‘Come on lads, I’ll show you something to do.’ And with a handful of men, during the charge that night, tried to take one of the strongest trenches in this section and, though frightfully wounded, I am told sill urged the lads on.

We can still see the bodies lying on the Ridge where they fell the night of 2 May and 3 May.

http://www.anzacsite.gov.au/1landing/s_diary1915may.html
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 17:19    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Edward Nicholson - 1914-1915 home & abroad

(...) Finally, there is a letter from Edward to his mother Elizabeth, dated 11th May 1915. The letter reads, as written ..

Headquarters Staff
6th Cavalry Brigade
B.E.F.
11/5/15

My Dear Mother

Just a few lines in answer to your most welcome letter which I was pleased to receive I also received the parcel quiet safe & the contents goes down fine. Pleased to hear you keep good health also Father Sam Rose and family keep good health. We was back in our billet again last Friday night but had to turn out again Sunday morning they took us up to the firing line in the motor buses. We are having some very nice weather & it is nice sleeping in the open air again we have lost a lot of men around this part of the line & I expect there will be lots more before it is finished for there as been nothing else but bombarding this last 3 weeks & they are using a lot of this poison gases you can see men dying on the road side as they leave the trench I don’t know what our people is thinking about I would like to know why we don’t use them it’s alright the big knobs sitting in there arm chairs at home and saying we don’t want to use it they want to come out here & have a rub at it. Well I think that is all this time so will close with love from your Effectionate Son Edward.


This last letter from Edward is full of emotion. Trying to keep his feelings in check to save his mother from worrying, he cannot control his grief and fear and anger.

In the letter, Edward relates that "We was back in our billet again last Friday night but had to turn out again Sunday morning they took us up to the firing line in the motor buses." which would suggest that he wasn't permanently in the trenches.

He tries to brighten things by telling his Mother that the weather is good and he takes pleasure in sleeping outdoors, but immediately opens up and tells her about the casualties he's seen and the horrendous way that his comrades are dying as they crawl from the trenches, poisoned by mustard gas. He sees the battles from a simple soldier's point of view, wondering why his commanders don't use the same weapons as the enemy, and lambastes them for sitting in their arm chairs at home. He thinks they should stand in his shoes, and know the war from his perspective.

This really is a strong letter. The First World War was a time of patriotism and loyalty, marching into hell's mouth without question, for King and Country. It speaks a lot for Edward's character that he overcame all his doubts and fears and still served his officers faithfully.

Two days later, on Thursday 13th May 1915, 1844 Private Edward Nicholson was killed in action, aged 26.

In the next section of Edward's story, "In Memorial" there is a letter from a Cpl G. Gurney, giving his account of Edward's death. In it, he notes that Edward "was orderly to General Campbell at that we were being heavily bombarded in the trenches & lost nearly all our men that was in the 2nd Battle for Ypres & the situation was rather bad as far as I know the General came up & a big shell wounded the General & those with him & I was told, his orderly was killed."

http://www.tugsworld.com/bonzo/gen/biographies/Nicholson-Edward5.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 17:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

AUCKLAND WEEKLY NEWS - 11 MAY 1916

NORTON - The 7 Norton brothers, the sole occupants of Campbell Island, have all returned to Bluff by the schooner Rachel Cohen to enlist in the 17th Reinforcements, attached to the contingent from Picton, whence they all hail.

NZ SOLDIERS – LATEST PROMOTIONS

Maori Contingent - The undermentioned to be 2nd Lieutenants, dated 15 Nov 1915: VERCOE, S.M. Henry Ray; BROUGHTON, Sgt Edward Renata Muhunga

General Staff Officers - GARDNER, Major Murray Menzies – to be DAQMG, dated 7 Dec 1915; McNEILL, Captain A G, Royal Engrs – to be temp. major whilst acting CRE of a division, 20.11.1915

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~sooty/awn11may1916.html
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 17:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Last Letter of Seán MacDiarmada ,11 May 1916.

"Kilmainham Prison
Dublin
May 11th 1916 .

My Dear Daly ,

Just a wee note to bid you Goodbye. I expect in a few hours to join Tom and the other heroes in a better world . I have been sentenced to a soldiers death - to be shot tomorrow morning .
I have nothing to say about this only that I look on it as a part of the day's work . We die that the Irish nation may live . Our blood will rebaptise and reinvigorate the old land . Knowing this it is superfluous to say how happy I feel .
I know now what I have always felt , that the Irish nation can never die . Let present day place hunters condemn our action as they will , posterity will judge us aright from the effects of our action .
I know I will meet you soon , until then GoodBye . God guard and protect you and all in No. 15 . You have had a done trial , but I know quite well that Mrs. Daly and all the girls feel proud in spite of a little temporary and natural grief , that her son and the girls , their brothers as well as Tom are included in the list of honours .
Kindly remember me especially to Mrs. Clarke and tell her I am the same Seán that she always knew .

God Bless you all
As ever
Sincerely Yours

Seán MacDiarmada."

https://www.indymedia.ie/article/82089?author_name=Sharon&comment_order=asc

Seán Mac Diarmada

Seán Mac Diarmada (February 28, 1883 – May 12, 1916) (born John MacDermott, usually used the name Sean MacDermott) was one of the leaders of the 1916 Easter Rising in Ireland. (...)

Following his release in September 1915, he joined the secret Military Committee of the IRB, which was responsible for planning the rising. Indeed Mac Diarmada and Clarke were the people most responsible for it.

Due to his disability, Mac Diarmada took little part in the fighting of Easter week, but was stationed at the headquarters in the General Post Office. Following the surrender, he nearly escaped execution by blending in with the large body of prisoners.

He was eventually recognized by Daniel Hoey of G Division. Following a court-martial on May 9, Mac Diarmada was executed by firing squad on May 12 at the age of 33.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Se%C3%A1n_Mac_Diarmada
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 17:36    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

11 May 1916, Commons Sitting

SERBIA.


HC Deb 11 May 1916 vol 82 c882 882

Mr. ANNAN BRYCE asked the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs whether any arrangement has yet been made and, if so, what for providing relief to the starving population in Serbia?

Sir E. GREY The answer, I regret to say, is in the negative.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1916/may/11/serbia
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 17:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1916 Rising Eye-Witness Account

This eye-witness account of the 1916 Rising was written by Joshua C. Manly, who held the post of Town Clerk to the Pembroke Urban District Council

Thursday 11th May 1916 - Again took up the question of the dead soldiers at Parochial Hall, Northumberland Road, the bodies not yet having been removed as nothing was done, communicated in the afternoon with the Poor Law Authorities who promised to send over for the bodies at once, but later some difficulty arose. The bodies of the two soldiers, in spite of every effort made by the Urban Sanitary authority, were not removed to-day.
Asked permission of the General through the A.P.M., (Mr. Robinson) to hold meeting of the Council at the Technical Schools, Ballsbridge, on Monday, 15th May 1916 at 5 o’clock, to make the Rates, &c. &c., and was informed the General had no objection, I asked for a certificate, saying so in writing, and Mr. Robinson took a note of my application. Sent out Summonses for the meeting, so as to give proper notice to the Members.

http://www.dublincity.ie/RecreationandCulture/libraries/Heritage%20and%20History/Dublin%20City%20Archives/Collections%20Post%201840/Pages/1916_rising_eye_witness.aspx
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 17:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

‘EASTER, 1916’ : YEATS’S FIRST WORLD WAR POEM

But by May, reports came in of the murder, by the British police, of the
pacifist Francis Sheehy Skeffington, a popular Dublin figure, well known to Yeats.
Furthermore, the wholesale execution of the rebels aroused the sympathy of Lady
Gregory aswell as the entire Yeats family. Those hitherto regardedwith bemusement
and some contempt joined the visionary company of the great nineteenth-century
Irish patriots Robert Emmet and Wolfe Tone. Yeats now became sharply critical of
the English government. In an important letter to Lady Gregory, he wrote:
If the English conservative party had made a declaration that they did not intend to rescind
the Home Rule Bill there would have been no rebellion. I had no idea that any public event
could so deeply move me—and I am very despondent about the future. At this moment I
feel that all the work of years has been overturned, all the bringing together of classes, all
the freeing of Irish literature & criticism from politics . . . . I do not yet know what [Maud
Gonne] feels about her husband’s death. Her letter was written before she heard of it. Her
main thought seems to be ‘tragic dignity has returned to Ireland’. She had been told by two
members of he Irish Party that ‘Home Rule was betrayed’. She thinks now that the sacrifice
has made it safe.


Yeats to Lady Gregory, 11 May 1916, in The Letters of W. B. Yeats, ed. Allen Wade (London: Rupert Hart-Davis, 1954), 612–13, http://epc.buffalo.edu/authors/perloff/articles/Perloff_Yeats-Easter-1916.pdf
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 17:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Einstein

May 11th [1916] - Einstein's Theory of General Relativity presented

http://www.historyorb.com/events/date/1916
Voor de geinteresseerde: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_relativity Confused
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 19:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Defence and Capture of Roeux, April - May 1917

The sixth and final attack on Roeux began on 11 May, and once again 4th Division were charged with the task, despite being heavily under strength. However, the Corps Commander placed 152 Bde of the 51st (Highland) Division at the division's disposal if required, which was to prove a sound move. The attack was preceded by the heaviest bombardment seen since the start of the battle and the infantry moved off at 7.30pm. This time the troops were ordered to avoid the Chemical Works but to attack area around the railway station and the land to the north, while other units attacked the village itself. By early the following morning (12 May), all the objectives to the north of the railway were taken, and the western half of the village had been occupied. During the day efforts were made to consolidate the ground and that night the Germans evacuated the eastern half of Roeux and the Chemical Works, which allowed the line to moved forward (on13 May) to the eastern half of the village.

Mooi verhaal... http://www.westernfrontassociation.com/great-war-on-land/61-battlefields/1011-roeux-apr-may-1917.html
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 19:45    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Somme including Bullecourt April - July 1917

From 11th Battery, 4th F.A.B Brief History

“On March 20th we went forward to Beugnatre and next day took over from the 12th battery in a position in rear of Vaulx Vraucourt. In this position we remained until April 2nd and then moved forward to Noreuil Valley, staying there until May 11th. While in this position we were subjected to very heavy shell fire. Moving from Noreuil to a position in rear of Lagnicourt and to the left of the main road we were again subjected to heavy fire, having many casualties and all the guns hit and out of action in one morning.

From this position we moved about 500 yds to the right and remained there until May 28th. *

On May 29th* we left the WL at Beugnatre and moved back to Ovillers stayed there one night and next day moved to Aveluy where we camped until July 9th.”

* Original transcribed as April – should be May (as per document Positions occupied by the 4th A.F.A Brigade in France”

http://percysmith.blogspot.com/2007/04/chapter-26-somme-including-bullecourt.html
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 19:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Resolution to the Soviet and the Provisional Government from peasant citizens in the villages of Osnichkovo and Andreevo,
Petrograd Province, 11 May 1917


Приговор 1917 года 11 Мая
В совет Крестьянских, Рабочих и Солдатских Депутатов и Временного Правительства.
Мы ниже подписавшиеся граждане дерев Осничково и Андреево быв сего числа
на общем собрании и обсуждали вопрос Государственнаго Строя и Земельнаго, а также и все нужды нашего общества и единогласно постановили.
1. Государство должно быть на основах Демократической Республики при федиративно афтономном управлении.
2. Выборность всей администрации при прямом и всеобщем равном и тайном голосовании.

Lees verder op http://www.yale.edu/annals/Steinberg/Documents/Steinberg46.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 19:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The War in the Mountains

Notes on Kipling's visit to the Italian battle-front in 1917, during the Great War and the articles he wrote

Kipling had been invited to Italy by the British Ambassador, Sir Rennell Rodd, who was concerned about the lack of understanding in England of the scale and cost of the Italian war effort. Rodd's proposal was that distinguished writers from England and Italy should visit each others' front lines and then write about their experiences in the national and allied press. Some writers, Belloc, Conan Doyle, Chesterton and H.G.Wells, for example, responded quickly and visited Italy in 1916.

For almost a year, Kipling declined to accept the invitation, but at last he changed his mind (we do not know why) and on 1 May 1917 he headed for the Italian Front. He was accompanied by his friend from South African days, (and also the tenant of a cottage on the Bateman’s estate), the journalist Perceval Landon. Landon’s letters from Italy have not survived.

Kipling wrote to his wife almost every day, and having access to the diplomatic bag these letters escaped the military censors. The letters have survived and have been published in The Letters of Rudyard Kipling, Ed. Thomas Pinney, Vol. 4 pages 445-464. From these letters, we get uncensored comment and details of times, dates and places which bring the articles to life.

The first leg of his journey was from Bateman’s to Paris, and as none of the overlapping and competing British bureaucracies had made any arrangements for the journey from Paris to Rome (despite the many trains leaving northern France every day with men and supplies for Taranto and the Mediterranean Fronts), they were delayed until Landon produced a letter from the French Ambassador in London which enabled them to obtain tickets to the Italian frontier. Once in Italy, everything went smoothly and they travelled in some comfort to Rome.

There they met ambassadors, politicians and generals as well as attending a Beatification at the Vatican and being entertained to lunch by Cardinal Gasquet (the ‘English Cardinal’) in his Palace. This special treatment accorded to Kipling was unusual, even unique, and we should perhaps examine the visit in the light of the intense and widespread political and diplomatic activity in the capitals of the belligerents in early 1917.

There had been the February Revolution in Russia, the disastrous Nivelle offensive and the subsequent mutinies in the French Army, the entry of the United States into the war and then the Emperor Karl’s peace initiative and the Sixtus letter. Perhaps Kipling was thought to have more political influence than he really had and he may have been perceived as yet another of Lloyd George's unofficial envoys (almost invariably used in preference to normal diplomatic channels). At last, on 8 May (and with some relief) Kipling and Landon left Rome.

Arriving at Udine in the morning of 9 May, they were taken to see General Cadorna and the King at the General Headquarters. The visits to the Front began the following morning, when Colonel Pirelli, their escorting officer, took them to the Carso sector near Gradisca (and, incidentally, near the first British howitzer batteries, which had arrived at Palmanova a few days earlier). They then visited Gorizia and the Italian positions on Podgora, afterwards lunching with General Capello, and then calling at a Red Cross Radiographic Unit at Cormons before returning to Udine. This tour provided the material for the first two articles - The Roads of an Army and Podgora.

The next day (11 May 1917) was devoted to a tour of the Front in the Isonzo gorge, where the Xth Battle of the Isonzo was due to start the following day. They travelled north from Monte Sabotino, along the Kolovrat to a point overlooking Tolmino before heading back to Udine; a journey described in the first part of A Pass, a King, and a Mountain. The last part of this article covered the following day's experiences as they drove from Udine to Cortina.

On 13 May 1917, they were taken to the part of the Dolomite Front at the Passo di Falzarego, about 14km west of Cortina. This resulted in one of Kipling's best articles Only a Few Steps Higher Up. The final article, The Trentino Front is based on material gathered on the way from Cortina to the main railway (probably at Vicenza or Verona). In it, Kipling describes vividly a drive across the Altipiano dei Sette Communi (where British troops were to be in action later in the year) to a fortress (probably the Granatiera del Cengio) which looked across to Monte Cimone and also gave a panoramic view of the Venetian Plain to the south. This was Kipling's last view of the Italian Front before he headed to the railhead at Vicenza or Verona and the journey back to Paris and London. This final article concludes with some philosophical paragraphs about the hopes for the Italy of the future.

http://www.kipling.org.uk/rg_mountains_intro.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 20:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

"THE RAID on Zeebrugge" 23rd April 1918

From the British Newsmagazine ‘The War Illustrated’, 11th May, 1918

http://www.swissiesite.be/Mannen-MEN/ARMY/Raid%20of%20Zeebrugge%201918/Raid%20on%20Zeebrugge%201918,%20start.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 20:40    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

British Admiralty Statement on the Ostend Raid, 11 May 1918

Reproduced below is the text of the official British Admiralty report on the Royal Navy's 9 May 1918 raid upon the German-held port of Ostend, a follow-up action to the previous month's raid upon Zeebrugge and Ostend - both used as a base for submarines and light shipping.

The initial raid was originally proposed by British First Sea Lord, Sir John Jellicoe, and formulated by Dover port commander Sir Roger Keyes, after Jellicoe stated to the British cabinet his view that Britain's continuing ability to wage war depended upon blocking the exits from both ports, and thus denying German submarines convenient bases.

The main force of the attack was to be at Zeebrugge, with a smaller raid launched against Ostend. In the event the outcome of the raid upon Zeebrugge was inconclusive. The raid upon Ostend was however a clear failure, which prompted a follow-up attack on 9 May - also regarded as a failure (in spite of Allied propaganda to the contrary). Neither raids hindered German operations from at each port for more than a few days.

British Admiralty Statement on the Raid Upon Ostend, 11 May 1918

The Sirius lies in the surf some two thousand yards east of the entrance to Ostend Harbor, which she failed so gallantly to block; and when, in the early hours of yesterday morning, the Vindictive groped her way through the smoke-screen and headed for the entrance, it was as though the old fighting-ship awoke and looked on.

A coastal motor-boat had visited her and hung a flare in her slack and rusty rigging; and that eye of unsteady fire, paling in the blaze of the star-shells or reddening through the drift of the smoke, watched the whole great enterprise, from the moment when it hung in doubt to its ultimate triumphant success.

The planning and execution of that success had been entrusted by the Vice-Admiral, Sir Roger Keyes, to Commodore Hubert Lynes, C.M.G., who directed the previous attempt to block the harbour with Sirius and Brilliant.

There was no preliminary bombardment of the harbour and the batteries as before the previous attempt; that was to be the first element in the surprise.

A timetable had been laid down for every stage of the operation; and the staff work beforehand had even included precise orders for the laying of the smoke barrage, with plans calculated for every direction of wind.

The monitors, anchored in their firing-positions far to seaward, awaited their signal; the great siege batteries of the Royal Marine Artillery in Flanders - among the largest guns that have ever been placed on land-mountings - stood by likewise to neutralize the big German artillery along the coast; and the airmen who were to collaborate with an aerial bombardment of the town waited somewhere in the darkness overhead. The destroyers patrolled to seaward of the small craft.

The Vindictive, always at that solemn gait of hers, found the flagship's light-buoy and bore up for where a coastal motor-boat was waiting by a calcium flare upon the old position of the Stroom Bank buoy.

Four minutes before she arrived there, and fifteen minutes only before she was due at the harbour mouth, the signal for the guns to open was given. Two motor-boats dashed in towards the ends of the high wooden piers and torpedoed them.

There was a machine-gun on the end of the western pier, and that vanished in the roar and the leap of flame and debris which called to the guns. Over the town a flame suddenly appeared high in air, and sank slowly earthwards - the signal that the aeroplanes had seen and understood; and almost coincident with their first bombs came the first shells whooping up from the monitors at sea.

The surprise part of the attack was sprung.

The surprise, despite the Germans' watchfulness, seems to have been complete. Up till the moment when the torpedoes of the motor-boats exploded, there had not been a shot from the land - only occasional routine star-shells.

The motor-launches were doing their work magnificently. These pocket-warships, manned by officers and men of the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, are specialists at smoke-production; they built to either hand of the Vindictive's course the likeness of a dense sea-mist driving landward with the wind.

The star-shells paled and were lost as they sank in it; the beams of the searchlights seemed to break off short upon its front. It blinded the observers of the great batteries when suddenly, upon the warning of the explosions, the guns roared into action.

It was then that those on the destroyers became aware that what had seemed to be merely smoke was wet and cold, that the rigging was beginning to drip, that there were no longer any stars - a sea-fog had come on.

The destroyers had to turn on their lights and use their sirens to keep in touch with each other; the air attack was suspended, and Vindictive, with some distance yet to go, found herself in gross darkness.

There were motor-boats to either side of her, escorting her to the entrance, and these were supplied with what are called Dover flares - enormous lights capable of illuminating square miles of sea at once. A pistol was fired as a signal to light these; but the fog and the smoke together were too dense for even the flares.

Vindictive then put her helm over and started to cruise to find the entrance. Twice in her wanderings she must have passed across it, and at her third turn, upon reaching the position at which she had first lost her way, there came a rift in the mist, and she saw the entrance clear, the piers to either side and the opening dead ahead.

The inevitable motor-boat dashed up, raced on into the opening under a heavy and momentarily growing fire, and planted a flare on the water between the piers. Vindictive steamed over it and on. She was in.

The guns found her at once. She was hit every few seconds after she entered, her scarred hull broken afresh in a score of places and her decks and upper works swept.

The after-control was demolished by a shell which killed all its occupants. Upper and lower bridges and chart-room were swept by bullets. The Vindictive laid her battered nose to the eastern pier and prepared to swing her 320 feet of length across the channel. She was soon lying at an angle of about forty degrees to the pier, and seemed to be hard and fast, so that it was impossible to bring her further round.

The engineer, who was the last to leave the engine-room, blew the main charges by the switch installed aft. Those on board felt the old ship shrug as the explosive tore the bottom plates and the bulkheads from her; she sank about six feet and lay upon the bottom of the channel. Her work was done.

Source Records of the Great War, Vol. VI, ed. Charles F. Horne, National Alumni 1923, http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/zeebrugge_admiralty2.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 20:47    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Executive Order No. 2859 of May 11, 1918, Relating to the National Research Council

The National Research Council was organized in 1916 at the request of the President by the National Academy of Sciences, under its Congressional charter, as a measure of national preparedness. The work accomplished by the Council in organizing research and in securing co-operation of military and civilian agencies in the solution of military problems demonstrates its capacity for larger service. The National Academy of Sciences is therefore requested to perpetuate the National Research Council, the duties of which shall be as follows:

1. In general, to stimulate research in the mathematical, physical and biological sciences, and in the application of these sciences to engineering, agriculture, medicine and other useful arts, with the object of increasing knowledge, of strengthening the national defense, and of contributing in other ways to the public welfare.

2. To survey the larger possibilities of science, to formulate comprehensive projects of research, and to develop effective means of utilizing the scientific and technical resources of the country for dealing with these projects.

3. To promote co-operation in research, at home and abroad, in order to secure concentration of effort, minimize duplication, and stimulate progress; but in all co-operative undertakings to give encouragement to individual initiative, as fundamentally important to the advancement of science.

4. To serve as a means of bringing American and foreign investigators into active co-operation with the scientific and technical services of the War and Navy Departments and with those of the civil branches of the Government.

5. To direct the attention of scientific and technical investigators to the present importance of military and industrial problems in connection with the war, and to aid in the solution of these problems by organizing specific researches.

6. To gather and collate scientific and technical information at home and abroad, in co-operation with Governmental and other agencies and to render such information available to duly accredited persons.

Effective prosecution of the Council's work requires the cordial collaboration of the scientific and technical branches of the Government, both military and civil. To this end representatives of the Government, upon the nomination of the National Academy of Sciences, will be designated by the President as members of the Council, as heretofore, and the heads of the departments immediately concerned will continue to co-operate in every way that may be required.

(signed) Woodrow Wilson
The White House,
May 11, 1918

http://www7.nationalacademies.org/ocga/Other/Executive_order_2859.asp
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 20:51    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

EYES OF THE ARMY: The Life and Letters of World War I Aerial Observer Lt. Mortimer M. Lawrence

Just a line to let you know that I am still well and the weather still the opposite. Have some very good news which I hope to be able to write you soon. Mail is very scarce nowadays also news.
Lots of love.
Mortimer.

http://eyesofthearmy.dva.state.wi.us/blog1.php/may-11-1918
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 20:55    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

After the shooting stopped: US military police after the Armistice of World War I

While there was a great demand for military police in Europe during World War I, the need increased after the Armistice of 11 November 1918. US military police became part of the occupation forces and remained in Europe until 1922.

The first military police units formed in the US Army were two companies with the 1st Infantry Division in May 1917, only one month after the US declaration of war against Germany. They were also the first US military police to arrive in France, in July 1917. By the end of that year, US military police had arrived with four more divisions and began training with the French armies. The divisional military police were placed under the train headquarters of the division and the commander of the trains also served as the provost marshal of the combat division. (A "train" was defined during World War I as a convoy of wagons or trucks, not actual railroad trains.) This situation existed until October 1918, when the commander of the divisional military police company became the provost marshal of the combat division.

On 20 July 1917, Lieutenant Colonel Hanson E. Ely, an infantry officer, became the first Provost Marshal General (PMG) of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in France. He had only 12 soldiers when the PMG department was formed, but it had grown to include 152 officers and 31 enlisted men by October 1918. During the first year, US military police in France were mostly selected at random from infantry units. A regiment of dismounted cavalry--1,600 men--was even specifically selected for guard duty. With each unit directly under the control of local commanders, there was no central control of the military police during that period. Most received a brief training session (while some received no training at all) and were expected to perform a variety of military police duties, including traffic control, convoy escort, and law and order functions. Because of the lack of training, many of those men were inadequate for the job.

On 18 July 1918, General John J. Pershing, commander of the AEF, issued General Order No. 111. This order reduced from two to one the number of military police companies with each combat division and designated the Military Police Corps as an organization, indirectly under the command of the PMG. This arrangement was unsatisfactory to the PMG and others at headquarters, and on 15 October 1918, General Order No. 180 made the military police a formal division of the PMG department.

On 5 September 1918, a training depot was established at Autun, in eastern France, to train officer and enlisted military police. On 27 September 1918, Brigadier General Harry H. Bandholtz was appointed PMG of the AEF and began organizing the Military Police Corps and promoting education. After selecting a British officer with years of military police experience as chief of instruction, 21 enlisted men were selected and put through 10 days of rigorous training to become the core of instructors. The school opened on 21 October 1918. The curriculum was brief, with each class lasting only two weeks, but the formal education greatly improved the quality of US military police in France. During its short existence (it closed in April 1919), 244 officers graduated, 22 more received commissions in the officer candidate program, and 3,297 enlisted soldiers graduated.

Circulation was the first problem that the AEF and PMG were forced to deal with in France. Upon their arrival, the AEF command realized there would be a much greater demand for military police, primarily to control the circulation of personnel and vehicles. American soldiers tended to congregate in various locations, including the dock area as they arrived in France, transportation points of departure, leave areas, training areas, and all other places from the front lines back to the ports of entry. Thus, much of the military police resources were dedicated to controlling movement.

A department of criminal investigations was officially formed on 11 May 1918 but, as with the military police, there was no centralized control. It was not until 27 November 1918, after the fighting stopped, that General Order No. 217 finally established the department as a PMG division and placed control of it with that office.

General Order No. 71 of 10 December 1917 delegated the management of prisoners of war (POWs) to the PMG department. However, until June of the next year, American soldiers were required to surrender their POWs to the French military. In June 1918, the US Army began retaining the POWs it captured and started building enclosures to house them. The situation required the establishment of POW escort guard companies and labor units. The first escort guard company was formed on 1 June 1918: eventually a total of 122 such companies came into being. Meanwhile, the first POW labor company was organized on 26 July 1918 and was assigned to the POW enclosure at St. Nazaire. There were eventually 122 labor companies, whose personnel also processed the POWs.

Lees verder op http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0IBW/is_1_5/ai_n14695466/
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 20:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

V. I. Lenin - Addendum To The Draft Appeal To German Workers And
To Peasants Who Do Not Exploit The Labour Of Others, 11 May 1919


Proletarians throughout the world are showing increasing sympathy for Soviet power and there is a growing conviction that only Soviet power, the power of the working people, and not bourgeois parliament arism, even in the most democratic republic, is capable of emancipating labour from the yoke of capital, the nations from enmity and wars, and manki nd from the lawlessness of savage imperialism.

This conviction will break a road for itself, cost what it may. In all countries the workers are becoming convinced that they cannot save themselves from imperialism and wars unless they break with the bourgeoisie, unless they defeat them and overthrow their power, unless they ruthlessly suppress the resistance of the exploiters. A beginning can be made only in one’s own country. The Russian Soviet system has met with the sympathy of the working masses throughout the world, and everyone except the exploiters and their lackeys now sees that Soviet power is the one hope of deliverance; this is because we Russian workers and peasants have earned their confidence by having broken with the bourgeoisie, overthrown them and suppressed their resistance, because we have driven out of the ranks of the working people those leaders of traitor-socialism who, like the Mensheviks and Socialist-Revolutionaries, entered into a direct and indirect alliance with the imperialist bourgeoisie, with Kerensky, etc.

As long as the German workers tolerate a government of such traitors to socialism, scoundrels and bourgeois lackeys as the Scheidemnanns and all their party there will be no question of saving the German people; the German people will remain the actual slaves of the bourgeoisie and will be accomplices in their crimes—all the “socialist platitudes” and all the “democratic” and “republican” rhetoric notwith-standing— in the same way as the “saialists” of the Entente who are at present members of the Borne yellow International and who answer the atrocities of the Entente with hypocritical well-wishing, kindly empty phrases or compliments paid to Wilson, etc., still remain traitors to socialism, scoundrels and accomplices in the atrocities and crimes of the French, British and American bourgeoisie.

It is inevitable that the German workers will break with the traitors to socialism, the Scheidemanns and their party. It is inevitable that they will break with the senility, hesitancy, lack of ideology and character of the so-called Independents who were dependent on the Scheidemanns yesterday and who today depend on their fear of going over resolutely to the side of Soviet power. The bourgeoisie may slaughter hundreds of leaders and thousands of workers but they are powerless to prevent this break-away.

http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1919/may/11.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 21:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Black & Tans and Auxiliaries in Ireland, 1920-1921: Their Origins, Roles and Legacy
By JOHN AINSWORTH
A paper presented to the Annual Conference of the Queensland History Teachers’ Association in Brisbane, Saturday, 12 May 2001

From January 1919 until a truce came into effect on 11 July 1921, a state of undeclared
war existed in some areas of Ireland between guerilla units of the Irish Republican Army
(IRA), representing the independence aspirations of militant Irish nationalism, and the
forces of the British Crown who were charged with the task of restoring law and order in
this troubled part of the United Kingdom. With neither a state of war nor martial law
being declared by the British authorities in Ireland – martial law did come eventually in
December 1920/January 1921 but applied only to eight counties in the southern-most part
of the country – the military was confined largely to a supporting role, leaving the civil
administration based at Dublin Castle heavily reliant on the enforcement powers of the
Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) in its efforts to curb the insurgent Irish nationalists. From
the IRA’s perspective, the RIC was seen as ‘an instrument designed to overawe in every
locality any opposition to the regime it served.’1 In a response to this apparent menace,
early in 1919 the IRA began a campaign of intimidation against officers of the RIC, who
were subjected to threats, violent attacks and ostracizing of their families from the local
community. Other locals who dared to show support or even sympathy for RIC families
thereafter were similarly intimidated. The IRA killed 18 policemen altogether over the
twelve-month period ending in December 1919.2 Six months later, police casualties had
risen to a total of 55 killed and a further 74 wounded, indicating a considerable escalation
early in 1920 in the IRA’s campaign of violence against the RIC.3
(...) But London and the Secretary of State for War, Sir Winston Churchill, in particular, were
clearly responsible for a further initiative in the process of militarizing the RIC, namely
the creation of the Auxiliary Division. Churchill planted the seed of an idea in this regard
at a conference of ministers in London on 11 May 1920 when, in proposing an alternative
to substantial reinforcements for the Army in Ireland, he suggested raising a special force
of 8,000 ex-soldiers to reinforce the RIC instead.9

Lees verder op http://eprints.qut.edu.au/9/1/Ainsworth_Black_conf.PDF
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2010 21:33    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

London ultimatum

On 5 May 1921, the British Prime Minister David Lloyd George delivers the „London Ultimatum“ to the German ambassador in London. The allies had decided a few days before to require the German Reich to make obligatory reparation payments in the astronomical amount of 132 billion gold marks in 66 annual instalments, to hasten demilitarisation as required by the Versailles Peace Treaty of 1919, and to extradite a number of war criminals. In the absence of German cooperation, the allies threaten to occupy the Ruhr District. On 11 May 1921, the government of Reich Chancellor Joseph Wirth and the Reichstag will unconditionally agree to the demands.

http://www.willy-brandt.org/bwbs_biografie/index.html?l=en&id=850&year=1921&month=5
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 13:02    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Betonnen fundering kanon Predikboom (Klerken - WOI)



Op 26 april 1915 werd de stad Poperinge bestookt met granaten van 38cm. Ook de volgende dag kreeg de stad het zwaar te verduren. Het gerucht deed de ronde dat de projectielen afgeschoten werden vanuit de Sint-Sixtusabdij, een roddel die de Franse legerleiding er toe aanzette om de abdij te omsingelen en iedereen te identificeren. Er werden noch kanonnen, noch mogelijke kanonniers of spionnen gevonden. Ook de Noord-Franse stad Duinkerken kreeg eind april 1915 heel wat granaten te verwerken. Uiteindelijk kwamen de geallieerden er achter dat de granaten afkomstig waren van een groot Duits kanon, achter de herberg 'In de Predikboom'. Er was een spoorlijn aangelegd, een aftakking van de spoorlijn Gent-Adinkerke, die ongeveer evenwijdig liep met de Steenstraat en zich vlakbij het kanon over 3 spoorlijnen uitsplitste. Rondom de batterij waren diverse betonnen constructies opgetrokken (opslagplaatsen, schuilplaatsen,… ). Het kanon was gecamoufleerd, maar toch wist de vijandelijke artillerie hem meermaals het zwijgen op te leggen. Bijgevolg muteerde het landschap rondom de geschutstelling in een waar kraterlandschap. Tussen 26 april en 11 mei 1915 zou het kanon van de Predikboom 120 projectielen afgevuurd hebben. Vanaf 8 mei reageerde de Franse artillerie onophoudelijk met een kanon dat ze te Koksijde geďnstalleerd had. Ze slaagden erin het Duitse reuzenkanon lam te leggen. Op 22 juni nam het beruchte kanon o.m. Veurne, Duinkerken, Cassel, Winnoksbergen, Hondschote en zelfs Leisele onder vuur. In Duinkerken vielen die 22ste juni een 40-tal doden. De Franse artillerie slaagde er opnieuw in de dodelijke activiteiten van het kanon te fnuiken, na 10 uur intense bombardementen. Op 9 augustus konden de Duitsers hun kanon terug aan de praat krijgen, maar 2 dagen later werd het kanon met vliegtuigbommen bestookt. Nadien was het kanon van de Predikboom nauwelijks nog actief. Om te vermijden dat het kanon hersteld zou worden, namen de geallieerden de standplaats de volgende maanden geregeld onder vuur. In 1916 waren de Duitsers gestart met de bouw van een ander reuzenkanon, nu ten N van Koekelare. Dit kanon van de 'Leugenboom' werd voor het eerst op 7 mei 1917 door een Belgisch verkenningsvliegtuig waargenomen. Het kanon zou actief geweest zijn tussen 17 juli en 16 oktober 1917.

http://inventaris.vioe.be/woi/relict/1651
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 13:05    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

6165 Serjeant Arthur Davies - 1st/4th Bn. Royal Welsh Fusiliers



Died 11/05/1915, aged 24.

Son of Mr. W. Davies, of II, Lodge Lane, Liverpool; husband of E. Conde (formerly Davies), of 2, Chirk Green, Chirk, Denbighshire.

Wounded at the Battle of Aubers Ridge 9th May 1915 and died of wounds two days later 11th May 1915, his death is mentioned in All that we had we gave, by Peter Glynn.

http://www.ww1cemeteries.com/ww1frenchcemeteries/chocques.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 13:07    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Mortimer S. Bogert, Telegraph, 11 May 1915



http://digitalrussell.mcmaster.ca/mortimer-s-bogert-telegraph-11-may-1915
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 19:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Poperinghe New Military Cemetery (Poperinge - WOI)



Bij de ingang liggen 9 ‘Coldstream Guards’ begraven. Ze stierven te Poperinge op 11 mei 1916. Ze waren met hun bataljon op rust in Poperinge en oefenden de ochtend van de 11de mei met een nieuw type gasmasker, toen Poperinge beschoten werd. Acht projectielen landden in de stad, waarvan 1 in de portiek waar de gardesoldaten stonden. Negen werden op slag gedood en hun graven liggen hier (Perk I - rij A). Die avond bij het appel ontbrak soldaat William Phillips. Hij werd berecht, ter dood veroordeeld en geëxecuteerd te Wormhoudt op 30 mei. Zijn graf is 1 van de 2 militaire graven op de gemeentelijke begraafplaats. Op het proces werden geen verzachtende omstandigheden ingeroepen; de gebeurtenissen van 11 mei bleven onvermeld. Phillips had vooral een alcoholprobleem en werd 'een slecht element' genoemd.

http://inventaris.vioe.be/woi/relict/865
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 19:14    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

May 11, 1917: Troopship HMAT A9 SHROPSHIRE at Port Melbourne



http://www.flickr.com/photos/41311545@N05/5578440277/
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 19:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1917 - Geschiedenis van Zijtaart

Op 11 mei 1917 verscheen Karel van Eerd uit Zijtaart en molenaar te Dinther voor de rechtbank in Den Bosch, omdat hij een trapgat in zijn molen in Dinther niet goed beveiligd had. Hij werd vrijgesproken.

http://www.oudzijtaart.nl/Kroniek/K1917.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 19:39    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Insignes distinctifs



Op 11 mei 1917 krijgen de geüniformeerde functionarissen, zonder specialiteit, die gelijkgesteld zijn met de rang van officier ook een insigne toegewezen. Het embleem: een Belgische koninklijke kroon in een lauwerkrans. Dit wordt gedragen op de schouderstukken en het hoofddeksel. Op de kraag wordt het kenteken vooraf gegaan door een baret van 5 mm. voor de functionarissen met een rang gelijkgesteld aan hoger officier of 1 mm voor de klasse lagere officieren.

Paddy op http://belgianmilitaria.forumparfait.com/insignes-distinctifs-tenue-modele-1915-vt654-30.html
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 19:43    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Motorijders tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog



Dat deze motorrijders niet alleen bijtgrage honden, slechte weersomstandigheden, slechte wegen, en dodelijk vuur van de vijand te vrezen hadden, bewijst het volgende lijstje van Despatch Riders die in tragische omstandigheden om het leven kwamen. Het verkeer was blijkbaar toen al voor motorrijders moordend...

- Lieutenant Herbert Victor MASTERS, 1st ANZAC Wireless Section.
Hij verongelukte op 15 april 1918 (34jaar), op de weg tussen Beaucourt en Alonville, waar hij aangereden en daarna overreden werd door een vrachtwagen. Herbert ligt thans begraven op Alonville Communal Cemetery (FR.)

- Private Edward Thomas CREES, Royal Army Service Corps.
Hij meldde zich als vrijwilliger bij de Automobile Association Regiment. Zijn motor slipte en kwam hij onder een ambulance terecht. Edward stierf te Etaples (FR.) aan zijn opgelopen verwondingen op 11 mei 1917. Hij rust op Etaples Military Cemetery

http://www.flandersfieldsoutrider.be/despatchridersnederlands.html
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 19:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Vrachtvaartmaatschappij Nereus, 11 mei 1918, aandeel, f 1000,00



http://www.oudefondsen.nl/scheepvaart/vrachtvaartmaatschappij-nereus-11-mei-1918-aandeel-f-100000/
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 19:58    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Zijne Majesteit Sultan Mehmet VI Vahdeddin

De verliezers krijgen de vredesvoorwaarden overhandigd. Turkije ontvangt ze op 11 mei 1919 te Sčvres. De ondertekening bezegelt de ondergang van het Osmaanse Rijk. Het wordt tot op het bot toe uitgekleed en verdeeld onder met name de Britten en Fransen. De provincies Koerdistan en Armenië worden onafhankelijk. Macedonië, Noord-Epirus, de belangrijkste Ege‹sche Eilanden (met uitzondering van Rhodos) en het bestuur van de internationale haven van Izmir (Smyrna) wordt aan Griekenland toegewezen. Frankrijk, Engeland en Italië pikken alle door hen bezette gebieden in. De provincie Suriye (Syrië) wordt Frans mandaatgebied. Palestina en Egypte worden Engelse protectoraten, terwijl Mesopotamië met Irak en haar gigantische olievelden de Britse koning George V als mandaatgebied in handen vallen. De Dardanellen komen onder internationale controle. Bovendien moet Turkije een zware oorlogsschatting betalen en wordt het ontwapend.

Op 16 maart 1920 komt het tot een daadwerkelijke bezetting door de geallieerden van Istanbul. Voor het eerst sinds vier en een halve eeuw hebben vreemde troepen de stad in hun macht. In Ankara wordt op 16 november op voorstel van Mustafa Kemal een motie tot gerechtelijke vervolging van de sultan aangenomen. Tegen zes uur 's ochtends sluipt Mehmed Vahdeddin met zijn zoon aan de hand naar een kleine zijpoort. Daar wacht zijn reisgezelschap. In twee ambulances van het Britse Rode Kruis wordt snel naar de kade voor het Dolmabahcepaleis gereden om per sloep naar de Britse oorlogskruiser Malaya te varen. Zodra het gezelschap aan boord is wordt het anker gelicht. Aan boord tikt Vahdeddin driftig met zijn wandelstok en laat de gezagvoerder weten geen afstand te doen van de troon, maar zich terugtrekt wegens onmiddellijk levensgevaar. Pas zes uur later wordt de vlucht ontdekt.

Leest verder op http://members.chello.nl/m.elfers/osm36.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Percy Toplis



Geregistreerd op: 9-5-2009
Berichten: 16026
Woonplaats: Suindrecht

BerichtGeplaatst: 10 Mei 2011 20:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kemna stoomtrekker



Deze foto is genomen op 11 mei 1919 ergens in Nurnberg en laat 29 machines zien van het EM type.



Deze advertentie, ook uit 1919, geeft aan dat Kemna stoomtractoren te koop heeft die oorspronkelijk voor het leger waren gebouwd (Heeresverwaltung) en dat er een proefrit gemaakt kan worden.

http://www.stoomwerktuigen.nl/stoomwerktuig/kemna/Geschiedenis.htm
_________________

“Stop whining.”
– A. Schwarzenegger
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht
Yvonne
Admin


Geregistreerd op: 2-2-2005
Berichten: 45653

BerichtGeplaatst: 11 Mei 2011 22:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Percy Toplis @ 10 Mei 2010 10:09 schreef:
Gefusilleerden op de Schietbaan te Gent - Oostakker ( W.O. 1 )

Adolf VAN HECKE , schipper te Antwerpen , geboren te Lokeren op 10 juni 1876 , terechtgesteld te Charleroi op 11 mei 1917

August Jan HOFMAN , scheepsbevrachter te Antwerpen , geboren te Stekene op 18 juli 1862 , terechtgesteld te Charleroi op 11 mei 1917.

Lees verder op http://www.praats.be/schietbaangent.htm
Meer lezen hierover?
http://www.forumeerstewereldoorlog.nl/viewtopic.php?t=13786
_________________
Met hart en ziel
De enige echte

https://twitter.com/ForumWO1
Naar boven
Bekijk gebruikers profiel Stuur privé bericht Verstuur mail Bekijk de homepage
Berichten van afgelopen:   
Plaats nieuw bericht   Plaats Reactie    Forum Eerste Wereldoorlog Forum Index -> Wat gebeurde er vandaag... Tijden zijn in GMT + 1 uur
Pagina 1 van 1

 
Ga naar:  
Je mag geen nieuwe onderwerpen plaatsen
Je mag geen reacties plaatsen
Je mag je berichten niet bewerken
Je mag je berichten niet verwijderen
Ja mag niet stemmen in polls


Powered by phpBB © 2001, 2002 phpBB Group