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9 April

 
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Yvonne
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Apr 2006 4:01    Onderwerp: 9 April Reageer met quote

April 9

1918 Battle of the Lys begins

On this day in 1918, German troops launch “Operation Georgette,” the second phase of their final, last-ditch spring offensive, against Allied positions in Armentieres, France, on the River Lys.

On March 21, 1918, the Germans under Erich von Ludendorff, chief of the general staff, launched their first major offensive on the Western Front in more than a year, attacking the Allies in the Somme River region of France and training their huge guns on Paris. The Allies managed to halt Ludendorff’s exhausted armies by the end of March, however, thanks in part to a fresh influx of several thousand American soldiers. By the time Ludendorff shut down attacks on April 5, the Germans had gained nearly 40 miles of territory.

Ludendorff’s focus now switched to the Flanders region of northern France, aiming to push the British troops back against their ports along the English Channel, forcing them into a corner. Thus on April 9, after a four-and-a-half hour long bombardment of British forces in Armentieres, 14 German divisions attacked along a 10-mile front to begin the Battle of the Lys. As at the Somme, the ferocious German advance quickly drove the British back, punching a hole 3.5 miles wide through the British line. They also made quick and bloody work of a Portuguese division taking part in the battle, sending four divisions against the single Portuguese unit and taking some 6,000 prisoners. To make matters worse, the Germans unleashed 2,000 tons of poisonous gas—including mustard and phosgene gas—against the British at the Lys, incapacitating 8,000 (of whom many were blinded) and killing 30.

Despite the initial success of Operation Georgette, the British defensive positions in Armentieres were better prepared and more tenacious than those at the Somme, and the Germans managed to advance only 12 kilometers by the time Ludendorff closed down the operation on April 29. By this time, morale on both sides of the line was at a low point, due to heavy losses, but neither was ready to give in. The Germans looked to the next stage of their offensive, against the French at the Aisne River, as the Allies readied their defenses, each side believing that the outcome of the First World War hung in the balance.

www.historychannel..com
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Hauptmann



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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Apr 2006 10:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Events
1 1917 Battle of Arras begins
2 1918 Germany launches offensive at Ypres

Births
1 1893 Clive GlynnEngland
2 1898 Wilfred GreenEngland
3 1898 Arthur WoodEngland
4 1899 Harry ComptonCanada
5 1899 Lawrence CoombesEngland

Deaths
None for 9 April

Claims
1 1916 Otto JindraAustro-Hungarian Empire #5
2 1917 Robert LittleAustralia #6
3 1917 Hugh GriffithCanada #2 #3
4 1917 Laurence AllenEngland #2 #3
5 1917 Maurice BenjaminEngland #2
6 1917 William PriceEngland #2
7 1917 Alan WilkinsonEngland #12 #13 #14 #15
8 1917 Karl SchäferGermany #14
9 1917 Werner VossGermany #26 #27 #28
10 1917 Ernest NortonWales #5 #6
11 1918 Robert LittleAustralia #42
12 1918 James GlenCanada #14
13 1918 Lawrence CoombesEngland #2
14 1918 Aubrey EllwoodEngland #10
15 1918 Harold MellingsEngland #11

Losses
1 1917 Harold MolyneauxCanadawounded in action



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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Apr 2009 5:53    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

9 april 1917 -

Het lukte de Canadezen om na een kort offensief Vimy Ridge te veroveren
. Het gevecht bij Vimy Ridge betekende een eerste zege voor de geallieerden tijdens het offensief bij Arras en een belangrijke zege tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog.

Vimy Ridge was een belangrijke plek in de Duitse verdedigingswerken. De omgeving was een goed verdedigingspunt door de grote vlakte ervoor. Daarnaast hadden de Duitsers tunnels gegraven en waren er diverse grotten. Alle eerdere aanvallen waren mislukt.

Aan de slag deden ongeveer 100.000 Canadese soldaten mee. Ze bouwden de omgeving na zodat de soldaten zich goed konden voorbereiden. Daarnaast hadden de Canadezen tunnels gegraven om in de buurt te kunnen komen van de Duitse verdedigingswerken.

De Canadezen begonnen op 25 maart 1917 een artilleriegeschut op de Duitsers en daarnaast werden de Duitsers onder vuur genomen door grondtroepen. Op de koude paasmaandag werd het slotoffensief ingezet door de grondtroepen.

Het lukte de Canadezen om de belangrijkste strategische punten in handen te krijgen, waarna de Duitsers vluchtten. Ondanks het feit dat de Canadezen niet verder konden oprukken, was het een belangrijke overwinning tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog. Bijna 3600 Canadese soldaten kwamen om het leven bij de slag.

© http://www.nieuwsdossier.nl/dossier/1917-04-09/Canadezen+veroveren+Vimy+Ridge
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 14:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

"Action of 9 April 1914"

The Action of 9 April 1914 was an important turning point in naval and aviation history. On the said date one of the first naval/air skirmishes took place. This engagement took place off the coast of western Mexico during the Mexican Revolution. The action was part of the naval campaign off Topolobampo at the edge of the California Gulf. A Constitutionalist biplane dropped bombs above two Huerista gunboats, all of which missed. (...)

On April 9, 1914, Captain Camina lifted off from an airfield constructed behind Topolobampo for an attack run on gunboats Guerrero and Morelos, under Captain Navio Torres of Guerrero. Camina was armed with five explosives, meant to be dropped and would detonate upon impact. He flew a Glenn L. Martin Company biplane. The Guerrero was armed with four 4 inch guns and it is not known what Morelos was armed with but most likely 4 inch guns also, in addition, the crews of the gunboats had rifles and pistols if necessary. Captain Camina entered Topolobampo Bay, there he sighted the two Huerista gunboats at anchor. Little is known but Camina remained high in the air.

The aircraft was spotted by lookouts aboard Guerrero and Morelos, the crews were ordered to take up small arms and fire on the biplane. With shots whizzing by, Captain Camina continued on his attack run until over the target, he quickly looked over the side and dropped five bombs over the warships which were anchored close to each other. The bombs fell and Camina turned around and headed for home. It is not believed the rebel biplane was hit by small arms fire. The bombs all failed to hit the target, however, a couple did detonate near Guerrero. Captain Camina was too high in the sky to have a good chance of hitting the gunboats, either way the small engagement became the one of the first naval actions involving aircraft.

http://wapedia.mobi/en/Action_of_9_April_1914
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Laatst aangepast door Percy Toplis op 08 Apr 2010 14:50, in totaal 1 keer bewerkt
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 14:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Tampico Affair

The Tampico Affair started off as a minor incident involving U.S. sailors and Mexican land forces loyal to General Victoriano Huerta during the guerra de las facciones phase of the Mexican Revolution. The misunderstanding occurred on April 9, 1914, but would fully transpire into the breakdown of diplomatic relations between the two countries, and the occupation of the port city of Veracruz for over six months. (...)

The U.S. Navy frequently used boats to deliver messages and ferry fleeing civilians, depleting fuel supplies. The commander of the USS Dolphin arranged for a pickup of oil from a warehouse on April 9 near a tense defensive position at Iturbide Bridge. The defenders of the bridge anticipated an attack based on the two consecutive days of skirmishes that had immediately preceded. Nine U.S. sailors on a whaleboat flying the U.S. flag were dispatched to the warehouse along a canal. Based on the sailors' account, seven of them moved the cans of fuel to the boat while two remained on the vessel. Mexican federal soldiers were alerted to the activity and confronted the American sailors. Neither side was able to speak the other's language, which left the sailors immobile in the face of commands from the soldiers. The Mexicans raised rifles against the Americans, including the sailors still on the boat, and ushered the men to the nearby Mexican regimental headquarters.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tampico_Affair
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 14:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

GEMEENTERAAD. Zitting van 9 april 1914

De heer Spiekman. (...) Mijnheer de Voorzitter! In de tweede plaats wensch ik over het plan zelf enkele opmerkingen te maken die ik een anderen naam dan opmerkingen niet kan geven betreffende de traceering der straten. Die maken ongetwijfeld een aangenamen indruk. Zij zijn afwisselend en ook verschillend, en in die verschillendheid juist aangenaam. Een vraag zou ik echter willen stellen aan het Gemeentebestuur, n.l. of Burg. en Weth. en de Directeur van plaatselijke werken inderdaad de behoefte gevoelen om den Heemraadssingel op deze zelfde breedte van 90 M. door te trekken. Ik breng in herinnering, dat reeds meer dan eens in deze Vergadering, ik herinner aan den heer van Beers, die daarop meermalen terecht heeft gewezen, er de aandacht op is gevestigd, dat in het Westen de enkele breede verkeerswegen op zulk een breedte ontworpen zijn, dat feitelijk het karakter van verkeersweg heelemaal overschreden wordt.

Voor die slapeloze nachten.... Evil Ga dan naar http://www.heemraadssingel.nl/notulen%20gemeenteraad%201914-4-9.htm voor de rest van deze ronduit boeiende monoloog!
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 14:56    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

De Slag om Buggenhout, 26-27 september 1914

Fraeyman Remy
1e Linie Regiment

Geboren te Meulebeke op 9 april 1892
Woonplaats: Tielt

Gevallen op 26 september 1914 te Buggenhout
Oorlogsbegraafplaats: Buggenhout
Begraafplaats nu: Belgische Militaire Begraafplaats Dendermonde, graf 63

Orde van Leopold II - Oorlogskruis - Overwinningsmedaille - Herinneringsmedaille

http://www.everyoneweb.com/buggenhout1418/Pr_Update_Knooppunt_Inhoud.aspx?WebID=buggenhout1418&BoomID=B1&KnooppuntID=K485&LG=
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 15:00    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Letter to André Billy. 9 April 1915

"Gunner/Driver One (front-line)
Here I am and send you greetings
No no you're not seeing things
My Sector's number fifty-nine

I hear the whistle of the bird
the beautiful bird of prey
I see far away
the cathedral

Oh my dear André Billy"

- Apollinaire
(translated by Oliver Bernard)
'Letter to André Billy. 9 April 1915'

Confused http://www.flickr.com/photos/22658121@N00/1147559281/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 15:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

To France with No 2 Squadron RFC 1915

This section records Capt. Smith's time with No 2 Squadron based at Merville then at Hesdigneul, France. This period was to mark the start of the German "Fokker scourge" and No 2 Squadron was involved in the early encounters. The diary is quoted verbatim.

No 2 Squadron RFC, Merville, France

Apr 9th Fri:
Reported to CO No 2 Sqn. at aerodrome, situated about midway between Merville and La Gorgue. Surprised to find CO to be Maj. Webb Bowen who was Assistant Commandant at CFS when I first arrived there.

Am posted to 'B' Flight, the machines of which are fitted with wireless sending apparatus. Capt. [Wilfred] Freeman flight commander. Meals during the day are taken in a farmhouse nearby, but dinner at the Mess in Merville in the evenings.

Interessant... http://www.apw.airwar1.org.uk/no2sqn.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 15:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

26 juni 1915 in het Bois Sabot - Het verhaal achter een monument op de civiele begraafplaats van Suippes

(...) Op 9 april worden door infanteristen in de voorste linie in het Bois Sabot voor het eerst geluiden gehoord die duiden op mineurswerk onder het bos. Gealarmeerde mineurs bevestigen de volgende dag de vermoedens van de infanterie: de Duitsers zitten onder hun stellingen en de mijngang is de voorste Franse post al gepasseerd.
Het journaal van Geniecompagnie 10/13 geeft een meer gedetailleerd beeld van de gebeurtenissen:
De commandant van de compagnie, kapitein Corbière, wordt aan het begin van de avond van 9 april gewaarschuwd, dat hakgeluiden van een houweel worden waargenomen onder de Franse posities. Precies onder een barricade in een voormalige Duitse verbindingsloopgraaf, die tijdens de aanval van een maand daarvoor in Franse handen is gekomen en daarna is afgedamd tussen de Franse en Duitse linies. Kapitein Corbière geeft onmiddellijk instructies voor de aanvoer van mijnbouwmateriaal en professionele mijnwerkers vanuit Suippes. Er is onder andere sprake van speciaal gereedschap voor het boren van een schacht, geconstrueerd door sergeant Manine van het 201e Regiment Infanterie, en ter beschikking gesteld aan de compagnie 10/13 voor de mijnenoorlog bij Moulin de Souain, die dan al in volle gang is. (...)

Alweer een interessant artikel! http://www.grensland1418.nl/BoisSabot.html
Nog meer artikelen op deze site: http://www.grensland1418.nl/artikelen.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 15:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

HMS Renown (1916)

HMS Renown (1916) was de eerste van twee slagkruisers van de 26.500 ton Renown-klasse van de Royal Navy. De andere was HMS Repulse. Beide schepen werden oorspronkelijk gebouwd als Revenge-klasse-slagschepen samen met een derde schip, HMS Resistance, maar de opdrachten werden opgeschort toen de Eerste Wereldoorlog uitbrak. Een paar maanden later gebruikte admiraal John Fisher zijn invloed om de bouw van de Repulse en de Renown naar een nieuw ontwerp als slagkruisers te hervatten. (..)

De grote snelheid van de Renown maakte haar een waardevol bezit voor de Royal Navy tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Eind 1939 werd ze naar de zuidelijke Atlantische Oceaan gezonden om het Duitse vestzakslagschip Admiral Graf Spee op te sporen. Begin april 1940 werd ze ingezet als dekking voor mijnenlegoperaties langs de Noorse kust. Op 9 april 1940 kwam ze kort in gevecht met de Duitse slagschepen Scharnhorst en Gneisenau. Ze richtte met drie treffers schade aan bij de Gneisenau en moest zelf twee treffers incasseren.

http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Renown_(1916)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 15:34    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

THE BATTLE OF VIMY RIDGE, 9-14 APRIL 1917

After the Somme
THE WINTER OF 1916-1917 was for the Canadian Corps a period free from major operations - a time to be used in recuperation, training and strengthening defences while continuing to hold the line. After its relief on the Somme the Corps moved northward into Artois to take over from the 4th British Corps the right sector of the First Army’s front. By the morning of 28 October General Byng was holding a ten-mile sector which extended from two miles north of Arras to the same distance north-west of Lens. Since the 4th Division had stayed at the Somme...

PDF van 36 pagina's... http://www.cefresearch.com/matrix/Nicholson/Transcription/Chapter8.pdf
Komt uit dit boek: http://www.cefresearch.com/matrix/Nicholson/
De kaarten uit dat boek staan ook hier: http://bbs.keyhole.com/ubb/ubbthreads.php?ubb=showthreaded&Number=695478&site_id=1#import
Interessant project trouwens...
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 17:25    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Opmars naar de Hindenburglinie, februari–april 1917

Eind februari 1917 begonnen de Duitsers zich naar de Hindenburglinie terug te trekken. Omdat de nieuwe versterkingen nog steeds niet klaar waren, lieten ze een sterke achterhoede in het veld achter dat ze op het punt stonden prijs te geven, om de Geallieerde troepen die de vijand volgden, tegen te houden. Tussen 24 februari en 9 april 1917 streden de Australiërs in een reeks gevechten op de velden ten westen van Bapaume totdat ze de Hindenburglinie bereikten.

Short & sweet... http://www.ww1westernfront.gov.au/nl-be/battlefields/hindenburg-line-february-april-1917.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 17:30    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

First Battle of the Scarpe 9 April 1917- Territorial Force

The German retreat to the Hindenburg line had the most effect in the southern region of the proposed attack. The 56th (London) Division's attack was on a limited front, centred on the fortified village of Neuville Vitasse. The division's medical assets were orientated around its ADS at Achicourt, with a series of bearer posts [Agny then Beaurains] to the front line. As with all attacking divisions, the field ambulances had reinforced the RAPs, placing 8 bearers forward to each attacking battalion. In keeping with most divisions on 9 April, the 56th Division had pooled all its remaining bearers under the command of an officer of one field ambulance. This role, that of Officer Commanding Bearers [OC Bearers] was an attempt to correct problems from the Somme;

“The previous medical arrangements..., where a shifting personnel and a divided jurisdiction of field ambulance commanders had been somewhat confusing, were now changed; and a forward evacuation officer was appointed, whose duty it was throughout the battle to contrive and supervise the evacuation of all wounded from the RAPs to the main dressing station and walking wounded collecting station,”

Lees verder op http://alihollington.typepad.com/historic_battlefields/2009/10/first-battle-of-the-scarpe-9-april-1917-territorial-force.html

The first battle of the Scarpe 9 April 1917- Regular Division

Further north the 3rd Division was in the line in the southeastern suburbs of Arras. The front for the attack was particularly narrow, the frontage slightly extending on the objective.

The division had been in position for some time before the attack and much of March had been spent labouring in improving its posts. The 3rd Division medical facilities were centred on two ADSs, one in the buildings of a Girl's School, the other in Thompson's Cave. Most of the physical labour of preparing these, and other, posts fell to the men of the RAMC, particularly the bearers, with only specialist help on matters such as lighting.

Lees verder op http://alihollington.typepad.com/historic_battlefields/2009/10/the-first-battle-of-the-scarpe-9-april-1917-regular-division.html

The first battle of the Scarpe 9 April 1917- New army division

On the opposite side of the Arras-Cambrai road the 12th Division were to attack from the eastern edges of Arras toward a line between Feuchy and Monchy. This new army division had already experience much hard fighting since its arrival in early 1915 and all elements of the division had learnt from their time on the Somme.

In his instructions sent out to RMOs and his field ambulances, the ADMS noted:

“Medical Officers should consult with CO's as to the distribution of Regimental Stretcher Bearers, but judging from past experience it is advisable only to send over 8 bearers and 8 reserve with the Companies keeping the other 8 bearers and 8 reserve in reserve till the MO calls for them.”

Lees verder op http://alihollington.typepad.com/historic_battlefields/2009/10/the-first-battle-of-the-scarpe-9-april-1917-new-army-division.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 17:32    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

7th King's Royal Rifle Corps: War Diary: April 1917

9th April 1917. 7.30am. The 7th K.R.R. & 7th R.B. started out from the caves, each issuing by two exits & we made our way to the old British front line which we occupied as the 41st Brigade was in Reserve while the 42nd & 43rd Brigades were taking part in the attack.

There was a strong wind blowing with driving showers of rain – the trenches were occupied without trouble, though shortly afterwards we had three casualties in D Coy from an unlucky shell. As the course of the battle progressed favourably the Brigade were not required during the day. The Cavalry passed through in the afternoon – but as the wire behind the further objective was uncut, their service could not be utilized. A very cold night was spent in the trenches with constant snow showers & by morning there was more than an inch of snow lying upon the ground.

http://www.resthepast.co.uk/army/wardiaries/krrc/7btn/7krrc_apr17.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 18:29    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Victoria Crosses of 1917

Captain James Ernest Newland (12th Infantry Battalion, 1st Division AIF). 7-9 April & 15 April 1917, West of Boursies and at Lagnicourt, France.

Voor recommendation: http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/newland-vc-01.pdf en http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/newland-vc-02.pdf

Private Thomas James Bede Kenny (2nd Infantry Battalion, 1st Division AIF). 9 April 1917, at Hermies, France.

Voor recommendation: http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/kenny-vc.pdf

Sergeant John Woods Whittle (12th Infantry Battalion, 1st Division AIF). 9-15 April 1917, near Boursies and Lagnicourt, France.

Voor recommendation: http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/whittle-vc-01.pdf & http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/wp-content/uploads/2007/07/whittle-vc-02.pdf

Nog véél meer op http://www.awm.gov.au/blog/2007/07/12/victoria-crosses/
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 18:35    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Elmira Advertiser

Monday Morning, April 9, 1917

COMPANY L BEGINS CAMPAIGN TO INCREASE TO WAR STRENGTH QUOTA

Colonel Jennings Order Reads That Full Membership Is Desired by Tuesday ­ Young Elmirans Are Quick to Come Forward.

General orders have been received from regimental headquarters in Rochester for Company L to establish a recruiting station and fill the ranks of the company to the full war strength of 150 men. The order directs Lieutenant Riffe to adopt every possible means to speed up the recruiting.

In case that recruiting is slow, the Lieutenant is directed to get in touch with the Chamber of Commerce and other organizations with a view towards stimulating enlistments.

With the exception of the recruiting order, no further orders regarding the company have been received from headquarters as to the time of the probable departure for duty.

The officers of the company say that it is probable that nobody knows at the present time the probable destination of Company L when it is called into service, despite the many rumors that have been current for some time past. The New York regiments that have already been called into service have departed from their armories under sealer orders and no news of their destinations have been given out. When Company L departs it will probably be under similar circumstances.

The government has requested that the newspapers refrain from printing the destination of any of the military units that have departed and this request is being complied with.

The present strength of Company L is 109 men and two commissioned officers, forty-one men below the standard war strength of 150. This number must be enlisted at once and it is believed there will be no trouble in securing the men.

Saturday night prominent Elmirans appeared in all the local theaters and addressed the audiences, urging the young men to enlist in the company. Almost immediately 12 men called at the Armory and five were accepted. The oath was exacted of each recruit. Those accepted were:

Jacob S. Gladke, 662 West Church street; Gene L. Ritchie 519 South avenue; Gordon A. Kinner, 331 Norton street; Lewis Smith, Welsburg.

Of the seven applicants, five were rejected for physical disabilities and two were ordered to report at the Armory on Tuesday night for further examination.

The recruiting office at the Armory will remain open every day and every evening until the company is fully recruited. Lieutenant Riffe says Men between the ages of 18 and 45 years who have no one depending on them for support will be sought.

The members of the new Home Defense committee immediately upon receipt of the message to Company L to recruit, started in to lend all assistance possible to the company in its work.

Following is the message received from Col. Edgar S. Jennings, of the Third Regiment.
"Headquarters, Third Regiment.
You are hereby directed to make every effort possible to recruit your organization to war strength as soon as possible.
"COLONEL E. S. JENNINGS."

http://www.joycetice.com/military/elad0417.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 18:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Meierijsche Courant

Valkenswaard. 9 April. Gisteren wapperden boven de loods der Belgische geïnterneerden ter gelegenheid van den verjaardag van koning Albert, de Belgische, Hollandsche en Fransche vlag. Deze dag werd door de geïnterneerden op feestelijke wijze gevierd.

- Ook alhier is eene kolencommissie gekozen, bestaande uit: den Edelachtb. heer Burgemeester v. Hoorn, Fr. Moonen, steenkolenhandelaar en W. de Natris, voorzitter der R. K. Werkliedenvereeniging. Door genoemde commissie zijn de prijzen der kolen vastgesteld als volgt: Nootjes 1, 2 en 3 f 2.50 per 100 kgr.; nootjes 4 f 2.20 per 100 kgr.; stukken f 2.20 per 100 kgr. Alles moet per kgr. verkocht worden.

http://www.shgv.nl/KrantenArtikelen/1917.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 18:49    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Educatieve website over de grote oorlog 1914-1918 aan de Ieperboog

Doordat de Duitsers einde 1917 in het oosten de oorlog tegen de Russen hadden beëindigd kwamen heel wat divisies vrij om aan het westelijk front een beslissing af te dwingen. Het was er op of erover voor de Duitsers voordat de nieuwe geallieerde bondgenoot: de Amerikanen, massaal zijn troepen zou kunnen inzetten. Een van de Duitse lenteoffensieven: "Georgette" startte op 9 april 1918 net over de Franse grens. Na de overrompeling van Portugese linies bij La Bassee en de ontreddering die dat over een breder front veroorzaakte, kwam het vanaf de oude slagvelden bij Aubers (1915), en Fromelles (1916) tot een doorbraak in noordwestelijke richting. Tegen de avond hadden de Duitsers, ten westen van Armentières, de Leie bereikt over de breedte van een tiental kilometers. Twee dagen later was Armentières bezet , en dit voor de eerste keer sinds de stellingoorlog begon (20 oktober 1914), was Ploegsteertbos in Duitse handen gevallen en hadden die Duitsers zich opnieuw genesteld in ruines van Mesen. De hoofddoel van hun offensief gaat in de richting Hazebrouck. Vooral op 13 april moeten de Britten veel terrein prijs geven. Maar doordat die Britten daarentegen goed standhouden op de zuidelijke flank worden de Duitsers ongenadig beschoten vanuit het tot vesting uitgebouwde, roemrucht geworden plaatsjes Festubert en Givenchy. De Duitsers kunnen nog oprukken naar de rand van het duistere Nieppewoud (zowat de geallieerde tegenhanger van wat het bos van Houthulst was voor de Duitsers) maar veroveren is voor de Duitsers een onmogelijke opdracht waardoor ook de inname van het spoorwegknooppunt Hazebrouck ijdele hoop blijft. Daarom zullen ze hun blik richten andermaal richten op Ieper dat ze willen in de tang nemen vanuit het zuiden en (eventjes) ook vanuit het noorden. In dat noorden loopt op 17 april in de omgeving van Merkem hun weliswaar veel bescheidener aanval haast onmiddellijk stuk op de hardnekkigheid van de Belgische verdedigers die daarmee, het dient gezegd, vriend en vijand verrasten... Het zwaartepunt van de Duitse inspanningen ligt duidelijk in het zuiden want Poperinge, voor de geallieerden de poort naar het Ieperfront, komt in het Duitse vizier. De oorlog was opnieuw "schitterende bewegingskunst" geworden.

http://users.telenet.be/blindganger/lenteoffensief_1918.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 18:52    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

9 April 1918, Commons Sitting

PILFERING ON RAILWAYS.


HC Deb 09 April 1918 vol 104 c1320 1320

Mr. KING asked the President of the Board of Trade whether he has considered the increase of pilfering at docks and on railway transit of goods, especially foodstuffs, in course of transport; and whether he can announce measures being taken to stop this growing evil?

Mr. D. WARD I am aware that there is an increase in pilfering on railways, and am informed that railway companies are taking measures with a view to its suppression. As regards docks, the Board of Trade have received no representations in the matter, and I think the powers of the dock authorities are sufficient to deal with any cases that occur.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1918/apr/09/pilfering-on-railways
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 18:57    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Kroniek van Baarle in de Eerste Wereldoorlog (1918)

9 april 1918 - In Baarle-Hertog traden twee oorlogspaartjes in het huwe­lijk. De uit Lommel afkomstige vluchtelinge Maria Rosalia Maussen gaf haar ja-woord aan wachtmeester Joannes Jansen van de plaatselijke rijkswachtbrigade. Hij moest voor dit huwelijk de schriftelijke toelating hebben van de opperbevelhebber van de rijkswacht. Eén van zijn getuigen was adjudant Adriaan Weyers, in vredestijd verbonden aan de rijkswacht te Gent. Het tweede stelletje bestond uit telegrafist Adolphe Michel Hausmanne uit Comblain-Au-Pont en de Baarlese Emma Maria Van Hecke. Het huwelijk werd voltrokken nadat majoor Wibier, overste van het militair telegrafiestation, zijn toestemming had gegeven. (onuitgegeven kroniek van Jan Huijbrechts)

http://www.amaliavansolms.org/joomla/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=191:09-kroniek-van-baarle-in-de-eerste-wereldoorlog-1918&catid=90:oorlog&Itemid=118
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The 1918 Wartime Diary of Private Charles Robert Bottomley

April 9, 1918 -- Left Amzin to relieve an Imperial battery near St. Catherines. Guns on the roadside near the town hall. Pretty good position and good sleeping quarters. Our subs were on guard all night. I had the last shift. Ammunition came up the same night and got to bed about 12 midnight St. Laurent.

http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/remembers/sub.cfm/n/sub.cfm?source=collections/diary/1diary/bottomley/april1918
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 19:04    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Swavesey & The Great War: Harry Howlett

The story of Harold Charles Howlett is a poignant one since it ends in a drama involving another Swavesey man who spent a great deal of time after the war reproaching himself for not doing more to prevent Harry’s death on or shortly after the 9th April 1918. The survivor in question was Robinson (Bob) Mitham and to this day Bob’s nephew recalls his Uncle’s anguish regarding the fact that he had been forced to abandon his friend in “no mans land” during the final year of the war.

Harry Howlett signed up on the 29th March 1916 almost a year after his brother Thomas had enlisted with the Cheshire Regiment. William and Elizabeth Howlett would have been proud albeit extremely apprehensive parents. Harry enlisted with the 5th Suffolk Regiment and left for France on 7th September 1917 switching to the 9th Suffolks. By then Tom had already been wounded in the knee at Gommecourt.

Bob Mitham joined the Suffolk Hussars on 14th April 1916 following in the steps of his brother Sam who had joined the Royal Engineers on the 12th November 1915. By the 8th Dec 1915 the Suffolk Hussars had completed their stint in the front line trenches at Suvla Bay fighting the Turks and had been evacuated along with the rest of the Allied Gallipoli force. Rather than join the Hussars in Italy Bob was drafted to the local Regiment - namely the 11th Suffolks following the decimation of that Battalion on the 1st July 1916 (the day on which Jim Prior and Jonas Dodson from Swavesey lost their lives).

In February 1918 Harry joined Bob Mitham and other local lads in the 11th Suffolks. The Regiment had suffered grievously during 1917 - indeed on the 28th April Alfred Linford and James Hepher (both Swavesey lads) had been killed during a fruitless assault on the chemical works at Roux. During the course of the war the 11th Suffolks lost 1053 men killed - the normal number of men serving in the battalion at any one time was approximately 1500!

Meanwhile Sam Mitham had been attached to the famous Highland Division in early 1918. Sam always kept his mother informed and indeed had written home within a few days of arriving in France for the first time.

Letter to Mrs Mitham dated 12th November 1915

“We went out to a small village some 20 miles behind the firing line on saturday. We could hear the guns quite plainly... We had a big day here this morning. General Joffre had been decorating six French and two English soldiers with,I think,the Legion of Honour. ”

Later Sam told his mother about encounters he had with other Swavesey men serving on the Western Front.

Letter to Mrs Mitham dated 22nd June 1917

“... Henry Key, of the Sherwood Foresters. I was walking up the street of a little village and I saw someone looking in a small shop window at some picture postcard. I went up to him and patted him on the shoulder. He looked around and exclaimed “Good God - it’s Sam Mitham!”. . . . . I showed my copy of the weekly news. . . . . I took him over to see George Dean (another Swavesey man in the RAMC). Dean is about 9 miles from here. I thought I would write and tell you that the boys have not forgotten the old village. ”

During a short couple of months in 1918 Harry Howlett was to lose his life,Bob Mitham was to get a Military Medal,Thomas Howlett was to be severely wounded and Sam Mitham was to end up in a German coalmine as a prisoner of war. The catalyst for all of these events was Ludendorf’s last ditch offensive designed to win the war before the Americans could arrive in force following Russia’s withdrawal from hostilities.

On the 21st March the storm broke and the Von Below’s seventeenth army smashed through the British front line just to the south of Arras. Von Der Marewitz’s second army quickly followed further south and Conan Doyle described the action on the 7th April 1918 in the following terms:-

“On the night of the 7th April the enemy fired an enormous number of gas shells into Armentieres and soaked it to such an extent that the town became uninhabitable. The main attack came against a Portuguese division to the south and the 40th. When as the day advanced everything on the right had given way the weakened 103rd Brigade threw back a long defensive line facing south in the direction of Fleurbaix. At the same time the reserve 101st Brigade was ordered up to cover Bae St Maur bridge. The 11th Suffolks got into Fleurbaix reinforcing comrades in the 12th Suffolks. These two sturdy East Anglian units held the village in a desperate fight for many hours. ”

This rather stiff text belies the drama of this action which preceded a wholesale British retreat in this sector. Harry Howlett & Bob Mitham were stretcher bearers and again & again they ventured into the maelstrom of the front line battle in order to extricate wounded men. Harry had been wounded by shrapnel but Bob Robinson had been unable to help him in the teeth of a ferocious German assault. Indeed Bob had assumed (erroneously) that his friend had subsequently been taken prisoner.

In fact Harry Howlett aged 21 died of his wound and now lies in the Suffolk cemetery at La Rolanderie farm near Erquingham. Bob Mitham need not have reproached himself - indeed he had done all he could. His bravery was recognised by the award of a Military Medal.

Robinson Mitham - Military Medal Citation

“He attended single handed to the very numerous casualties of his Company under heavy fire,when the other stretcher bearers had become casualties.”

On 25th March Sam Mitham had been captured and Robinson senior,his father had received a postcard from Limberg camp where Sam had been interned with (amongst others) his cousin Arthur Beamont.

Excerpt from “The Weekly News” dated 6th Dec 1918

“He was one of a crowd of about fifty men who had been collected by a Colonel of the Seaforths,all of whom except about half a dozen had been killed or wounded. . . . . . at once employed in carrying wounded and his first night was spent in a captured British hospital. . . . . drafted to a coal mine. His breakfast before going down the pit was a piece of black bread and a cup of coffee made from acorns. . . . . the soldier sentries contented themselves with pushing and kicking at the least provocation. The 150 Russian prisoners received particularly cruel treatment. ”

Thomas Howlett was injured by a shell in both arms on 20th May during the fighting around Arras and was discharged from the army shortly after the war had ended without returning to the front in the interim.

http://www.curme.co.uk/howl.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 19:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

The Star - Christchurch - 1918 - April

England - Wedding - BEERE - WEBB
Captain Douglas M., son of Mrs Holroyd Beere, of Wellington, who left with the Main Body of NZEF as dental surgeon, to Miss Esther, dau of late Rev A.Webb, vicar of Reading, England. The wedding took place at St George's Church, Reading, Lieutenant-Colonel R.St J.Beere was best man and Major Grenfell. groomsman. Miss Webb was nursing at the Military Hosp. London.

http://homepages.ihug.co.nz/~ashleigh/1870-1908/1918.April.Star.Christchurch.snippets.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 19:12    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

VCs of the First World War - Spring Offensive 1918

Joseph Henry Collin

Joseph Henry Collin VC (April 10, 1893- April 9, 1918) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

He was 24 years old, and a Second Lieutenant in the 1/4th Battalion, King's Own Royal Lancaster Regiment, British Army during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

On 9 April 1918 at Givenchy, France, after offering a gallant resistance against heavy odds in the Keep held by his platoon, Second Lieutenant Collin, with only five of his men remaining, slowly withdrew, contesting every inch of ground. Single-handed, he then attacked a machine-gun - after firing his revolver into the enemy, he seized a Mills grenade and threw it into the hostile gun team, putting the gun out of action, killing four of the team and wounding two others. He then took a Lewis gun and engaged a second hostile machine-gun, keeping the enemy at bay until he was mortally wounded.

His Victoria Cross is displayed at The King's Own Royal (Lancaster) Regiment Museum, Lancaster, England.

http://www.worldlingo.com/ma/enwiki/en/Joseph_Henry_Collin
VCs of the First World War - Spring Offensive 1918 Gerald Gliddon, 213 pages, hardback, Sutton Publishing (Phoenix Mill, Stroud, Gloucestershire), 1997 ISBN 0-7509-1107-7
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2010 19:18    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

9 April 1919, Commons Sitting

DRIFTING MINES (NORTH SEA TRAWLERS).


HC Deb 09 April 1919 vol 114 c2007 2007

Major ENTWISTLE asked whether the rifles and ammunition issued to North Sea trawlers for sinking floating mines have been recalled by the Admiralty; and, if so, whether, in view of the fact that floating mines are still frequently seen in the North Sea, he will give instructions for the re-issue of these rifles?

Dr. MACNAMARA In consequence of the large number of drifting mines present in home waters, instructions were issued some weeks ago to local naval authorities authorising them to supply rifles to suitable applicants for the purpose of destroying these mines.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1919/apr/09/drifting-mines-north-sea-trawlers

9 April 1919, Written Answers

HOLLANDS GIN (IMPORTATION).


HC Deb 09 April 1919 vol 114 cc2067-8W 2067W

Sir J. HARMOOD-BANNER asked the President of the Board of Trade if he will 2068W state the reasons of public policy and interest which justify the continuance of the prohibition of the importation of Hollands gin into the United Kingdom?

Mr. BRIDGEMAN The question of the continuance of this prohibition is now under consideration, and I am not in a position at present to make a statement on the subject.

http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1919/apr/09/hollands-gin-importation
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Apr 2010 7:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Percy Toplis @ 08 Apr 2010 15:56 schreef:
De Slag om Buggenhout, 26-27 september 1914

Fraeyman Remy
1e Linie Regiment

Geboren te Meulebeke op 9 april 1892
Woonplaats: Tielt

Gevallen op 26 september 1914 te Buggenhout
Oorlogsbegraafplaats: Buggenhout
Begraafplaats nu: Belgische Militaire Begraafplaats Dendermonde, graf 63

Orde van Leopold II - Oorlogskruis - Overwinningsmedaille - Herinneringsmedaille

http://www.everyoneweb.com/buggenhout1418/Pr_Update_Knooppunt_Inhoud.aspx?WebID=buggenhout1418&BoomID=B1&KnooppuntID=K485&LG=


Ik snap de relevantie niet?
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Apr 2010 7:50    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

1915
Western Front

French completes the capture of Les Eparges.

Germans bombard Reims.

Indecisive fighting on the Meuse.

Eastern Front

Russians make progress near Suvalki.

Continued indecisive fighting in the Carpathians.

Political, etc.

Greece: M. Venizelos temporarily retires from public life.

1916Western Front

Battle of Verdun: Germans gain footing on Hill 295, but fail in attack on 12-mile front west of Meuse.

Recapture of mine crater at St. Eloi by British reported.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

British attack on main Turkish position at Sanna-i-Yat (Mesopotamia) fails.

Abiad (Darfur) occupied.

Political, etc.

Greco-Bulgarian frontier closed to passenger traffic, mails for Bulgaria and Turkey continue.

1917
Western Front

Battle of Arras (on 12-mile front from Henin-sur-Cojeul, south-east of Arras, to Givenchy-en-Gohelle, north of Arras).

British (Canadians) take Vimy Ridge (northern end excepted), five villages and 6,000 prisoners.

North of St. Quentin and towards Cambrai British take six villages and enter Havrincourt Wood.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

Russians occupy Kizil Robat. British occupy Harbe (four miles north of Belad).

Naval and Overseas Operations

Spanish steamer "San Fulgencio", carrying British coal for Barcelona, torpedoed.

Political, etc.

Total Canadian oversea enlistments to date:- 407,302 of which Ontario 170,205, Montreal 36,282, Quebec 8,145.

Brazil severs diplomatic relations with Germany.

1918
Western Front

Battle of the Lys begins.

Heavy bombardment from La Bassee Canal to Armentieres, followed by strong attacks, force British and Portuguese back to Lys river at Estaires.

Neuve Chapelle lost.

Fine stand by Guards Division.

Hangard lost and retaken by French; between it and Noyon all enemy attempts repulsed.

Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres

Transcaucasia: Turks reported before Batum and marching on Kars.

Palestine: British advance 1.5 miles on 5-mile front east of Tul-Keram-Ramleh railway.

Arabs claim 800 miles of Red Sea coast, and to have put 40,000 Turks out of action since declaration of independence.

Naval and Overseas Operations

German torpedo-boats bombard Belgian coast.

Political, etc.

Mr. Lloyd George introduces Man-Power Bill, reviews battle situation, and refers to Irish affairs.

1919
Aftermath of War

Voluntary British relief force being despatched to Archangel.

Rushdi Pasha returns as Egyptian Prime Minister
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Apr 2010 8:09    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

9 april 1916
Westfront, Verdun
De Duitsers lanceren een groot offensief tegen de heuvels ten noordwesten van Verdun. De Fransen weren de meeste aanvallen af, maar de Duitsers veroveren de loopgraven in de frontlinie op de kam "Le Mort Homme". Generaal Pétain lanceert de kreet:"Courage, on les aura" (Hou vol, we zullen ze krijgen)
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Apr 2010 8:23    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

9-10 april 1918
Westfront, Frankrijk/België
Generaal Erich Ludendorff opent de tweede van een reeks aanvallen op het westfront. Operatie Georgette richt zich op het tweede leger van de Britse generaal sir Herbert Plumer en het eerste leger van generaal sir Henry Horne, die bij de Leie uit elkaar gedreven worden. Aan de aanval nemen het vierde leger van generaal Sixt von Arnim en het zesde leger van generaal Ferdinand von Quast deel. Het offensief verloopt over een smal front in de richting van de Kanaalhavens, waarlangs de Britten bevoorraad worden.
Na een drie dagen durend artilleriebombardement begint de aanval op de ochtend van de negende. Het Duitse zesde leger rukt vanuit Neuve-Chapelle op over een front van 19 kilometer naar de linkervleugel van Hornes eerste leger. Twee divisies van Portugese soldaten onder Hornes bevel wankelen onder de aanval en moeten zich zo'n acht kilometer terugtrekken.
De volgende dag strijden vier divisies van generaal Sixt von Arnims vierde leger tegen Plumers tweede leger, dat zich achter Mesen en Wijtschate moet terugtrekken.

De eerste wereldoorlog, dag na dag bekeken door Ian Westwell
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Apr 2010 9:24    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Finnbar @ 09 Apr 2010 8:44 schreef:
Ik snap de relevantie niet?
Geboortedatum 9 april. Overleden in WO I. Redelijk relevant naar mijn mening, maar smaken verschillen... Wink Cool
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Apr 2010 9:44    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Percy Toplis @ 09 Apr 2010 10:24 schreef:
Finnbar @ 09 Apr 2010 8:44 schreef:
Ik snap de relevantie niet?
Geboortedatum 9 april. Overleden in WO I. Redelijk relevant naar mijn mening, maar smaken verschillen... Wink Cool


Hmja, maar dan kan je de geboorte- (en sterf)data van eender welke soldaat, omgekomen in deze of gene (WO1) slag hier neerpoten.
Dat vind ik nogal vergaand.
Maar goed, mijn mening Wink
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BerichtGeplaatst: 09 Apr 2010 12:20    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Finnbar @ 09 Apr 2010 10:44 schreef:
Hmja, maar dan kan je de geboorte- (en sterf)data van eender welke soldaat, omgekomen in deze of gene (WO1) slag hier neerpoten.
Dat vind ik nogal vergaand.
Maar goed, mijn mening Wink

Wees in dat geval blij dat ik dat niet doe! We modderen voort, Finnbar! Wink

Edit: P.S. Soms vermeld ik een site omdat ik 'm mooi of interessant vind, of om anderen erop opmerkzaam te maken. In dit geval is de datum er met de haren bijgesleept, maar ik vond het site'tje leuk genoeg om te vermelden. Is vaker gebeurd en zal nog regelmatig gebeuren!
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2011 19:28    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Gas warning: British press report, 9 April 1915



Almost two weeks before the launch of the German gas attack at Ypres the British public was made aware of a new German weapon which might be used on British troops. The Times newspaper, dated Friday 9th April, 1915, carried a short feature about its intended deadly effect:

THE TIMES, LONDON - FRIDAY APRIL 9, 1915

“It has been reported that in the Argonne, where the trenches are very close, the Germans have on several occasions pumped blazing oil or pitch onto the French, but, according to the statements of our prisoners, they are preparing a more novel reception for us in front of parts of our line. They propose to asphyxiate our men if they advance by means of poisonous gas. The gas is contained under pressure in steel cylinders, and, being of a heavy nature, will spread along the ground without being dissipated quickly.”

http://www.greatwar.co.uk/battles/second-ypres-1915/prelude/press-warning.htm
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2011 19:37    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

Bodies in a trench at Mort Homme, Verdun, France, 9 April 1916.



The small ridge known as Mort-Homme (Dead Man) saw some of the fiercest fighting at the Battle of Verdun. After first assaulting the hill on 6 March 1916, the Germans finally took it almost three months later, on 29 May.

http://www.mediastorehouse.com/bodies_in_a_trench_at_mort_homme_verdun_france_9_april_1916/print/1257207.html
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BerichtGeplaatst: 08 Apr 2011 19:46    Onderwerp: Reageer met quote

WORCESTERSHIRE AND SHERWOOD FORESTERS REGIMENT - VICTORIA CROSS WINNERS



Lieutenant Edgar Kinghorn Myles VC Welch Regiment attached 9th Battalion the Worcestershire Regiment

At Sannaiyat Mesopotamia on 9 April 1916 following a night attack and enemy counter attack, many dead and wounded lay between the lines. Several brave attempts were made to save the wounded ant Lt Myles dashed out a number of times to bring in wounded men, staggering in with the last, having been wounded himself.

London Gazette 26 September 1916

http://www.wfrmuseum.org.uk/vcwinners.htm
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