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Ottoman campaign medals

 
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Yvonne
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BerichtGeplaatst: 01 Feb 2009 10:42    Onderwerp: Ottoman campaign medals Reageer met quote

The military campaigns of the Ottoman Empire are a chronicle of the decline and fragmentation of the Empire. The medals issued for these campaigns, however, offer only a partial view of the events. Those campaigns which were looked upon as successful (if not altogether victorious) had medals issued to record them, but campaigns that ended in failure, such as the Balkan wars of 1911-1913, had no official recognition other than to the crew of the successful battle cruiser Hamidiye.

Most Ottoman campaign medals were issued in multiple classes - usually gold and silver. As a rule, the gold medals were for officers, and silver or bronze went to enlisted men. This, combined with the temptations offered by the value of gold over the many intervening years, results in a far greater rarity among medals issued in gold. In many cases, there were various sizes of jeweled gold medals representing even higher classes, and these are sometimes considered orders rather than medals. Theses jeweled pieces were awarded in very small numbers.

Ribbons used for Ottoman medals vary widely, not only in the variety of replacement ribbons used, but even in the exact configuration of older ribbons that are commonly seen on these medals. This is not because the statutes of these medals were not specific - most Ottoman campaign medals have very specific statute ribbons. As the originals wore out, however, they were replaced with whatever ribbon was on hand. It has become very difficult to ascertain what the original ribbon colors were supposed to be on many of these medals, and some are simply not known, but by far the most commonly used ribbon was red with green border stripes.

To the best of my knowledge, what follows is a complete list of all military campaign medals issued by the Ottoman Empire.

Zie verder op:
http://www.turkishmedals.net/
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